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This master may only be reproduced by the original purchaser for use with their class(es). The publisher prohibits the loaning or onselling of this master for the purposes of reproduction.

My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide (Book E)
Published by Prim-Ed Publishing 2011 2nd edition 2011 Copyright© Prim-Ed Publishing 2011 ISBN 978-1-84654-313-5 PR–2365UK

Copyright Notice
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Offices in: UK and Republic of Ireland: Bosheen New Ross County Wexford www.prim-ed.com

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Internet websites

In some cases, websites or specific URLs may be recommended. While these are checked and rechecked at the time of publication, the publisher has no control over any subsequent changes which may be made to webpages. It is strongly recommended that the class teacher checks all URLs before allowing pupils to access them.

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Supplier:

My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book A (Ages 5–6 years) My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book B (Ages 6–7 years) My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book C (Ages 7–8 years) My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book D (Ages 8–9 years) My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book E (Ages 9–10 years) My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book F (Ages 10–11 years) My Spelling Workbook Teachers Guide Book G (Ages 11–12 years)

Date of Purchase:

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Signature of Purchaser:

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Titles available in this series:

Contents Foreword
Phonics and the Common Words Teaching and learning spelling are progressive processes, which are structured in this scheme, marrying phonics with ‘common words’. Children learn best when spelling is taught systematically and in a structured manner over time. Spelling needs explicit instruction for the majority of children, particularly for those who fail to ‘catch it’ because of inherent difficulties. The NLS Framework for Teaching (Beard 1998) recommended that successful management of the teaching of spelling should include structured teaching, which involves the following, all of which are an integral part in the My Spelling Workbook series: • making it clear what has to be learnt • dividing material into manageable chunks • teaching in a well considered sequence • the use of material in which children make use of hunches and prompts • regular testing for progress • immediate feedback Matching Teaching Methods to Learning Styles Teacher Information ................................................ iii – vi Curriculum Links ........................................................... 1

Timetable – a suggested timetable that can be adapted to suit different class needs.
Spelling Timetable ......................................................... 2 Blank Timetable ............................................................ 3

Metacognitive approach resources – an approach which encourages children to become successful independent spellers and thinkers.
Teachers Notes ......................................................... 4–5 Question Type Charts ............................................... 6–13

Word Building ............................................................ 14 Spelling Partners ......................................................... 15 List Words (Book E) .............................................. 16–17

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This phonic based, multisensory spelling series introduces strategies that feature Look, Say, Trace, Cover, Write and Check. The series promotes independent learning of spelling in context and features a proven metacognitive approach to spelling. The metacognitive approach encompasses logical and systematic thinking, combined with the skills of visualisation, emotion and creativity. Through using all aspects of thinking, children not only learn how to spell but also learn how to retain and use these words in context.

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Success with this series is achieved through the reinforcement activities provided in the My Spelling Workbook series. These workbooks cover the strategies in a fun, creative way ensuring that both the child and the teacher enjoy the learning process. The Teachers Guides provide the metacognitive strategies. These are clearly outlined using flash cards, assessment sheets, extra activities, guidelines for use with children with special needs, extension activities for more able children, dictation, word lists and answers.

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Each workbook contains 18 lists of phonic based, commonly used words to develop a base vocabulary for primary school children. These help to develop independent spellers through a variety of activities including: • • • • • word building memory tests word study word puzzles discovering patterns in words.

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Supplementary resources – extra ideas to support a spelling programme, covering a range of ability levels.

Additional Activities ............................................... 18–23 Children with Special Needs ................................... 24–25 New Words ................................................................ 26 Spelling Extension ....................................................... 27

Incentives – photocopiable games to encourage better spelling and certificates to reward progress.
Spelling Games .................................................... 28–30 Certificates ................................................................. 31

Assessment – photocopiable worksheets for recording of results by teachers/children.
Teachers Notes ........................................................... 32 Pre-test/Post-test Template ........................................... 33 Individual Word Checklist ....................................... 34–36 Anecdotal Records ...................................................... 37 Test Checklist .............................................................. 38

Teachers Notes for each unit – two pages for each unit, providing list focus, dictation, word building, additional activities and answers.
Units 1–18 Answers ............................................... 40–75 Workbook Pages (Book E).....................................76–149 List Words (whole series) ....................................150–156

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Core photocopiable resources – a range of resources which can be used regularly throughout a spelling programme.

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Teacher Information
Each workbook contains 18 spelling units. Each unit is made up of four pages, with each unit containing: • a list of 22 words to be learned, focusing on one or more phonic word patterns and two commonly used words • word building and word study activities • revision words from the previous workbook.

The first page of each unit contains the list words. Before the children see the list, it is recommended that the words are pre-tested. This can be used as a benchmark for how well the children learn the list or which words they need to focus on throughout the unit.

Look, Say, Trace, Cover, Write, Check

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Look at the word. Look for words within words. Look at the shape of the word.

Say each letter aloud: either as its letter name or sound.

Trace each letter as the sound is said. This will reinforce the kinaesthetic movement and sound pattern and becomes a physical and auditory memory.

Cover the word. (A time factor can be built into this part. Test after one minute, 10 minutes, one hour, the next day etc.)

Write the spelling word.

Check the word with the original.

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Look, Say, Trace, Cover, Write, Check – This represents the basic method recommended for word learning. Children should follow this multisensory process when learning each word. It is a proven method of retaining a word in the memory and should be a procedure that is followed consistently, to assist with the learning of further words.

Each word list table has a series of columns. After learning each word, the children should hide their word with their hand and write it in the first ‘Practise’ column. This should be repeated after a few days, but written into the second ‘Practise’ column. To help evaluate the children’s progress, if the child spells the word correctly in their test, a tick should be placed in the ‘T’ column. A tick should be placed in the ‘D’ column if the child spells the word correctly in their dictation. Problem words can be recorded in the ‘Difficult Words I Have Found’ table on page 74, for additional learning.

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Teacher Information
Each unit contains word building and word study activities. A bank of activities is used throughout the book, including: • • • • • • • • unjumbling words word worms finding small words crosswords word searches synonyms antonyms and many more.

A word building template is found on page 14 of this book. This can be used for each unit of words. Word building examples for every list word are found on pages 39–75 of this book.

The fourth page of each unit includes Additional Activities, which are further word study activities to be done in the child’s spelling pad. Their aim is to provide children with several opportunities to write the list words and to use them in various ways. These activities can be used with any of the units in the book.

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The unit list is also repeated for further reference on the third page of each unit, along with a revision list of words from the previous level of My Spelling Workbook. It is recommended that revision tests are used on a regular basis to ensure previous list words are kept current in the child’s memory.

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For every spelling list, remember to:

Look

Say

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Cover

Write

Check
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Trace

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Curriculum Links

Country

Level

Subject

Objectives Word Structure and Spelling

England

Year 5

Literacy

• spell words containing unstressed vowels • know and use less common prefixes • group and classify words according to their spelling patterns and their meanings Writing • use a variety of skills to spell words correctly Competence and Confidence in Using Language

Northern Ireland

Year 6

Language and Literacy

Scotland

Primary 6

Wales

Year 5

English

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Writing

Literacy and English

Writing (Second Level)

• spell most of the words needed to communicate, using spelling rules, specialist vocabulary, and a range of resources

• develop and use a variety of strategies to enable them to spell correctly

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Republic of Ireland

4th Class

English

• use a range of aids and strategies to improve his/her command of spelling; word lists, word searches, anagrams, regular word patterns

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Spelling Timetable
Teachers can use the activities in My Spelling Workbook to suit the needs of their class and the amount of time available for spelling. A 10-day spelling programme for each list is suggested below, as a way of using this workbook. It allows for 25 minutes each day, which could be a combination of class work and homework. Teachers may wish to add or delete from this timetable, according to their needs. This timetable is based on a metacognitive approach, which is explained in detail on the following pages. Daily partner testing is a key feature of the timetable, allowing children to practise 3–5 list words at a time. A worksheet for recording partner test results is provided on page 15.

DAY ONE
• Pre-test list and introduce words using metacognition strategies • Use Look, Say, Trace, Cover, Write and Check to practise writing words from memory • Transfer any words from the previous list to ‘Difficult Words I Have Found’ • Begin crossword • Partner test 1 (3–5 words) (see page 15)

DAY SIX
• Partner test 6 (3–5 words) • Revise the patterns for this list using the metacognitive approach • Brainstorm other words that follow the same patterns • Spelling game or activity • Begin word search

DAY TWO
• • • • • Partner test 2 (3–5 words) Spelling game or activity (see pages 28–30) Revise the patterns for this list Complete page 2 activities Begin to make list of ‘Difficult Words I Have Found’

• • • •

Complete a partner activity (see pages 20–23) Complete Additional Activities Begin page 3 activities Partner test 3 (‘Difficult Words I Have Found’)

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DAY THREE

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DAY FOUR
• Partner test 4 (3–5 words) • Complete a partner activity • Continue with page 3 activities

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DAY FIVE
• Spelling game or activity • Dictation passages (see pages 39–75) • Partner test 5 (‘Difficult Words I Have Found’)

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• • • •

DAY SEVEN
• Complete word search • Spelling game or activity • Partner test 7 (‘Difficult Words I Have Found’)

DAY EIGHT
Partner test 8 (3–5 words) Spelling game or activity Complete page 4 activities Begin word building (see page 14)

DAY NINE
• Dictation passages (see pages 39–75) • Partner test 9 (‘Difficult Words I Have Found’) • Complete word building

DAY TEN
• • • • • Partner test 10 (3–5 words) Test of list words (see page 33) Recording of scores and self-evaluation Revision of list words Informal activities (see pages 20–23)

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Blank Timetable
Use the blank timetable below to plan a spelling programme for your class.

DAY ONE

DAY SIX

DAY TWO

DAY SEVEN

DAY THREE

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DAY FIVE

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DAY FOUR

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DAY EIGHT

DAY NINE

DAY TEN

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Metacognitive Approach
Aim: To encourage children to become successful independent spellers and thinkers. Introductory Stage
• Each category of question (Clarifying, Literal, Inferential, Personal, Visualising, Predictive, Summarising and Reflective) should be explained to the children. It is important that they understand what kind of question they are asking. • Not all cards will be relevant in every situation. On occasion, they will be. • Some of the questions may appear to be the same but are repeated under different categories. This is because the context is different and this should be explained to the children.

Preparation Stage
• The teacher chooses a suitable spelling word. A word that encompasses all the categories of questions is better. However, it should be stressed that not all categories are relevant to every word; for example, ‘yesterday’. • The cards are displayed for all children to see. Teachers might prefer to enlarge the cards to A3 when photocopying or to laminate them. (See pages 6–13).

Modelling Stage

Explanation of Question Types
Clarifying questions are questions that make words, phrases or concepts clear and understandable. For example: What is the word?

yesterday
What does this word mean?

the day before today day yes—ter—day

Does it have an easily recognisable root?

Can the word be broken into smaller sounds?

Literal questions are questions that have a straightforward answer found in the text. For example: What is the tricky part of the word?

ter
Is there a rule for this word?

no
Inferential questions are questions that ask you to deduce answers from the text. For example: Can I think of some other way to help remember how to spell this word?

break the word into three little words: yes, ter, day
Personal questions are questions that are relevant to oneself. For example: Is there a rhythm in the word?

yes
Is there a familiar sound in this word?

ay
Is this a word that I need to learn to spell?

yes, because I use this word regularly
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• The teacher models a word; for example, ‘yesterday’. The teacher demonstrates the thinking process involved by applying the questions suggested in the relevant categories and ‘talking’ through his or her answers. • Allowing children to interact with the teacher using this process can be very productive.

Metacognitive Approach
Visualising questions are questions that require you to ‘see’ the word or shape in your mind. For example: Close your eyes. Can I see the word inside my head?

yes/no
Can I see the shape of the word?

Predictive questions are questions that require you to forecast a possible outcome. For example: Can I give another word with a similar spelling?

today has the same ending yes/no
Can I write it from memory and say each letter as I do it?

Summarising questions are questions that demand a reiteration and understanding of what went before. For example: Can I state the rule for this word?

there isn’t a rule
Can I make a sentence for this word?

yes – Yesterday I went swimming with my friend.
Can I write this word in a dictated passage?

yes/no

For example: How did I do?

happy/reasonably happy/unhappy
Were my choices of strategies effective?

yes/no
Will learning how to spell this word help me to spell other words?

yes/no
Was there anybody or anything that could have helped me?

I could have used a dictionary or got my family to test me.
How do I feel?

happy/reasonably happy/unhappy
The ‘Reflective Questions’ card should be used as a challenge for every child. It is designed to extend the more successful speller. It also offers the opportunity for individuals to recognise their own areas of strengths and weaknesses. This card should be used either at the end of the lesson or after the dictation to reflect on success and to set new goals for themselves. The following pages contain a set of cards for encouraging this way of thinking.

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Reflective questions review the strategies used to learn new words and how you feel about your progress.

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t–o–d–a–y

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5

Can I spell this word?

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Clarifying Questions

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FLASH CARD

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Literal Questions

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in g the word? What is the tricky part of S am Is there a rule for this word? pl e
FLASH CARD

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8

Inferential Questions

in g Can I think of some other way to help Sa remember how to spell this word? m pl e
FLASH CARD

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Personal Questions

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Is there a rhythm in the word?

Sa Is there a familiar sound in this word? m pl e Is this a word that I need to learn to spell?
FLASH CARD

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Visualising Questions

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FLASH CARD

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Predictive Questions

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pl Can I write it from memory and e
FLASH CARD

say each letter as I do it?

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Summarising Questions

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FLASH CARD

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Reflective Questions

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How did I do?

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FLASH CARD

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could have helped me?

How do I feel?

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Word Building
ly less ful
Can you make more words by adding a different ending?

Make a new word by adding an ending.

es

ing

er

s

ed

y

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+ = = = +

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=

+ + + + + + + + = = = = = =

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Spelling Partners
Name: My partner’s name: Date:

Remember to ask how many words you will be tested on each day. 1. Give your partner your list words. 2. Write the date and get ready for your test. 3. Your partner will slowly read each word twice. 4. When you are finished, read through your words again then hand them to your partner. 5. Your partner will mark your test, put on the score and hand it back to you. 6. Good luck!

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My partner’s name: Date:

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Total: Total:
15

Name:

Remember to ask how many words you will be tested on each day. 1. Give your partner your list words. 2. Write the date and get ready for your test. 3. Your partner will slowly read each word twice. 4. When you are finished, read through your words again then hand them to your partner. 5. Your partner will mark your test, put on the score and hand it back to you. 6. Good luck!

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List Words
UNIT 1
gather gutter goodbye gadget figure giant magic energy gentle germ hydrogen charge lounge strange arrange change damage village gym danger near between

UNIT 2
handkerchief guest cupboard guitar island climb limb doubt known knock guess young white wraith sign aisle tomb science wrinkle depot horse disc

UNIT 3
brief thief belief mischief grief relief believe niece field priest calorie cashier piece receive receipt deceive deceit seize weird caffeine biscuit address

UNIT 4
display stray relay always alley grey obey survey claim raise afraid operation dictation nature weight freight neighbour straight vein beige morning might

UNIT 5
interest intersect intercept interact interview international disability dislike disagree disappoint disappear return repeat refund revise suburb submarine submerge subject submission interesting modem

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UNIT 6
torch orchard channel achieve machine chef parachute charade approach coach school choir ache chemist anchor stomach character monarch orchid anarchy Madrid Cardiff

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UNIT 7
wrap donkey reunion Santa Claus sauce presents holly enchanting Christmas mistletoe fairy sleigh festival turkey goose sprouts midnight delight pudding ornaments sugar special

UNIT 8
track struck attack packet cricket clock chuckle socket chicken pocket freckle classic volcanic mimic sonic plastic tonic terrific electric heroic upon eye

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List Words
UNIT 9
window follow borrow narrow shadow swallow unknown cargo zero domino bingo bravado tiptoe potatoes tomatoes foe oboe although though dough proportion shuttle

UNIT 10
grape shape lemonade mistake cashmere complete these athlete flute accuse refuse amuse size mobile alive divide broke spoke globe phone easy fraction

UNIT 11
noise moist hoist choice voice invoice appoint asteroid enjoy decoy convoy boycott deploy royal employ destroy annoy voyage buoy lifebuoy beginning coming

UNIT 12
firmly thirsty virus confirm thirty urchin burst urban urgent further purpose burnt modern quarter remember early earthquake heard search hearse sincerely library

UNIT 13
prayer wellingtons season umbrella forgive seedlings shower died gardener nurture shoots palms soldier crucify prune weather religion celebrate thunderstorm lightning eighth truly

UNIT 14
prefix prevent precise prepare predict microchip microscope microphone microfilm microbe barren woollen wooden lengthen strengthen amazement treatment department excitement agreement escape none

UNIT 15
rough cough tough laugh enough trough draught roughcast paragraph graph photograph orphan nephew atmosphere elephant phrase autograph alphabet dolphin phobia August November

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UNIT 16
lottery robbery mystery ability academy bravery cavity monkey honey money trolley journey macaroni confetti bikini ski taxi spaghetti khaki quay frighten close

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UNIT 17
signal removal arrival musical festival electrical personal abolish astonish nourish foolish childish breakage wastage postage drainage hardship friendship championship membership ninety hundred

UNIT 18
octopus squid shark whale snorkel pilot suitcase customs ocean scuba fishing pier depth lighthouse smuggler coastguard security sunglasses oxygen swimsuit Australia Greece

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Additional Activities
The following activities and games have been provided for your use as additional support to the spelling programme. They are a guide and can be developed to suit any class, programme or teaching style. Choose from the following activities and games if not already covered in the particular list being treated. Six photocopiable spelling games can be found on pages 28–30.

Individual Activities
Word Study – Useful for developing familiarity with the list words. Strategy • Make word shapes, word snakes or word sums for list words. Examples Word Shapes:

grapes =
Word Snakes: splumvs rape afe sc eg o

plum =

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pla

mi

chas

ematec

gh

a

ic ep

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Word Sums: s + end = send; bl + end = blend

• Find small words in list words. • Write the list words in alphabetical order or reverse alphabetical order. • Write list words with eyes closed or from memory.

• Sort words according to different criteria.

• Find antonyms, synonyms or homophones for the list words.

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• Make word builders by adding ‘s’, ‘ed’, ‘ing’, ‘er’, ‘est’, etc.

• Write list words in sentences or as a question.

• Write definitions for list words.

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For example: strawberry – straw, berry, raw, be

For example: sort by initial/final letters; number of letters; number of syllables; number of vowels; number of consonants; parts of speech; rhyming/non-rhyming or by children’s own choice.

For example: hot/cold close/shut bare/bear

For example: walk – walks, walked, walking

For example: Did you hear the announcement to board the plane?

These can be either looked up in a dictionary, or written in the child’s own words, and then checked.

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Additional Activities
Individual Activities
Word Study – Useful for developing familiarity with the list words. Strategy • Write the base words for the list words. Examples For example: the base word for sensible = sense

• Study and find word origins for list words.

For example: audience comes from a Latin word ‘audire’ which means to hear.

• Hidden words – using the letters in a word to make as many new words as possible.

For example: neighbours – house, neigh, nigh, bin, rough, bore etc.

• Write a paragraph using a set number of list words.

• Find words which have homographs (words which look the same, but have different meanings).

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• Anagrams of list words or search for any others.

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• Write plurals for the list words.

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• Discuss adding ‘ed’ and ‘ing’ and how this changes the tense of words.

• Discover common prefixes and suffixes for words.

• Missing vowels – write list words with missing vowels. Children guess which words they are.

• Children write their words as a rebus.

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For example: use grapes, picnic and shade in a paragraph—When we got to the park, we sat in the shade. We spread out a blanket and ate our picnic. My favourite food was grapes. For example: bear/bear rock/rock

For example: nap is an anagram of pan; dance is an anagram of caned

Discuss exceptions to the rule of simply adding ‘s’; for example, sheep, children.

For example: jumped and jumping – jumped is past tense, jumping is present tense

For example: un-, dis-, -ly, -ment

For example: m ss ng = missing

For example,

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• Rank words in level of difficulty in learning to spell.

For example: lace plane snake case

4 2 1 3

+ lace = shoelace

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Additional Activities
Informal Activities
Useful for the reinforcement of the list words in a less formal approach. Strategy • Make theme booklets and illustrate. Examples Books could be about prefixes, colours, transport, the sea etc.

• Clap the number of syllables in words. • Make bookmarks with difficult words or list words.

lace chase hate mate

• Outline words.

For example:

• Make concept words.

• Write list words in the shape of a list word.

• Use bright colours to trace list words.

Partner activities – Develops cooperation and increases knowledge of list words. Strategy • Make ‘What am I?’ clues. Examples For example: I am a reptile. I have no legs. I shed my skin. My bite can be poisonous. What am I? A snake

• Make memory helpers for list words.

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Partner and Group Activities

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For example: a piece of pie For example: said = Sally Anne is dancing; because = big elephants can always upset small elephants
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• Invent mnemonics.

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For example: For example:

could be the shape for: when, chin, show etc.

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Additional Activities
Partner and Group Activities
Partner activities – Develops cooperation and increases knowledge of list words. Strategy • Children make their own read-and-illustrate activities to swap with a partner. Examples

• Jumble words and swap with a partner.

For example: ‘school’ becomes ‘oslhco’. As an extra challenge, children can create jumbled words that can be pronounced.

• Jumble sentences using list words and swap with a partner.

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• Make yes/no questions or true/false statements containing list words and swap with a partner.

• Word dominoes

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• Make word searches or crossword puzzles on grid paper and swap with a partner.

This can be simply done by making a grid, and inserting the list of spelling words horizontally and vertically. Any gaps are filled with random letters in a word search or coloured black in a crossword.

For example: ‘Is a frog a reptile?’ ‘Do we see clouds in the sky?’

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Word dominoes can be made by breaking list words in half (ones that have a common ending or beginning).

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For example: ‘The cat sat on the mat’ becomes ‘Eht tca tas no eht tma’. Children who need a challenge could also jumble the order of the words around!

For example:

ch ch

as e ill

• Trace list words on partner’s back—partner guesses which spelling word was traced.

• Cut pairs of list words in half and rejoin them. Children then see if their partner can guess the words.

For example: picket blannic = picnic blanket

• Guess the word – Give a partner the first letter of a word chosen from the spelling list. The partner then has to guess the word before the whole word is revealed, one letter at a time.

For example, the beginning of a game using the word ‘plane’ would look like this:

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Additional Activities
Partner and Group Activities
Shared Group Activities – Encourages the exchange of personal list words, therefore broadening the child’s word base. Strategy • Make a word bank following the same sound pattern or rule as particular list words. Work as individuals, partners, small groups or a whole class. Examples For example: A list of words that end in ‘ight’: tight, right, flight, might, sight; Words that end with a silent ‘e’: made, same, shake.

• Put list words into sentences – individually or as a whole class.

For example: each word could be written on a piece of card. Children can take one card each, and put themselves in a line so the order of words makes sense. Cards with common words like ‘a’, ‘and’, ‘the’, will need to be used also.

Partner and Group Activities

Strategy • Simple class spelling competitions.

• ‘Hunter’

• Play concentration, fish, word bingo or tic tac toe.

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Examples

Class or Group Games – Useful for the reinforcement of the list words in a less formal approach.

For example: a ‘Difficult Word of the Day’ competition, where the class try to spell a challenging word.

Use individual books, charts, shared stories, poems etc. to find a particular spelling pattern or rule being treated.

In tic tac toe, each player uses a list of words with a common sound as their ‘noughts and crosses’. For example, in the game below, player one used a bank of ‘sh-’ words; player two used a bank of ‘-all’ words.

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call ball shock wall she ship

• Play hangman or a similar game, called ‘Shannon’s Game’.

In ‘Shannon’s Game’, children need to guess the letters in the correct order in which they occur in each word.

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Additional Activities
Partner and Group Activities
Class or Group Games – Useful for the reinforcement of the list words in a less formal approach. Strategy • ‘Guess My Word’. Examples Children ask questions that require a yes/no response to guess the mystery spelling word.

• Play ‘Celebrity Head Words’, picture clue words or charades.

‘Celebrity Head Words’ Child uses a headband to hold a card with a list word on their head. They ask questions of the class, which can only be answered yes or no. For example, Does the word end in ‘t’?

• Magazine hunt for list words.

• Play a game similar to ‘Memory’ using the small words within compound words written on cards.

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• Children write clues to match their list words. Hold a small competition each day to see who can solve the puzzle first.

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• Children write quiz questions for list words, and give them to a friend to solve. A ‘quiz night’ could also be held using multiple lists.

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Also refer to pages 28–30 for photocopiable spelling games. Books of other photocopiable spelling games are available from Prim-Ed Publishing:

2075–2076 2077 2078 2079

Fifty Spelling Activities Early Literacy Games Literacy Games Phonic Games

Commercial board games involving word formation may also be of benefit to a spelling programme.
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Choose a number of words to focus on for a week. Children can also search for these in newspapers or any other reading material in the classroom. Children can circle or underline words they find. At the end of the week, children can count their score and share the sentences they found.

For example: butter + fly; foot + ball

For example: What can burn us, but also gives us warmth? (fire)

For example: Add ‘basket’ to ‘ball’ = basketball. Take ‘er’ from ‘mother’ = moth.

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Children with Special Needs
The spelling activities in My Spelling Workbook can be modified or added to for children with special needs. Some additional suggestions are included below for children with learning difficulties. The worksheet on page 26 is designed for children who fall into this category. Children in need of extension will benefit from many of the suggestions included in the Additional Activities pages of this book. Page 27 also contains an opportunity for spelling extension.

Strategies For Children With Learning Difficulties
Strategy • Encourage children to ‘have a go’ and take risks with approximate spelling. Examples For example, using ‘have a go’ pads or spelling journals for children to try out their spelling when writing stories etc.

• Encourage as much reading as possible.

Include different sources of print around the classroom for children to find correct spelling. For example: opposites, colours, favourite sayings, days of the week.

• Longer words can be ‘chunked’ (broken into chunks) to assist spelling, rather than conventional syllables.

• Emphasise spelling rules.

• Encourage children to look at difficult words, focus on the problem part, close their eyes, and then write it.

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• Write list words on graph paper, cut out the letters, and then build the word from the cut-out letters.

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c
For example: c

For example these list words could be broken up as follows: brake, shake, snake; base, case, chase; plate, mate, hate.

For example, cent i pede, electric, inventing. Children should be encouraged to choose how to chunk the words themselves, so as to suit each child’s preferred learning style.

For example: magic ‘e’, ‘i’ before ‘e’ except after ‘c’

For example: the problem part of night might be ‘igh’

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a t
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• Break each spelling list into shorter lists based on similar spelling patterns.

c

h

• Write the list words, leaving out some letters. Complete the words the next day.

= chimney

• Find words that rhyme with the list words. Underline them if they are spelt the same.

For example: goat – note, boat, wrote, float

• Prepare a cloze passage, deleting list words. Children select the correct word to go in the correct space.

For example: ‘dinosaurs’ and ‘plants’ might fit into: Many ate .

• Use sentence frames to develop a spelling vocabulary of list words.

For example: We took plates to the picnic. We took sandwiches to the picnic.

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Children with Special Needs
Strategies For Children With Learning Difficulties
Strategy • Use games like word bingo and word quizzes. Examples Word Bingo Children copy words on bingo cards, checking their spelling, then cover words with counters on their cards if the word is called. Word Quizzes Using a word list, children write the correct word. For example, Write the word ending in ‘ade’; Write the word with ‘ire’ in the middle. • Make new words by writing letters in front of a sound.

For example: ‘ine’ could be added to with ‘v’, ‘tw’, ‘f’, ‘m’, ‘n’, etc.

• Make alphabet books to use as personal dictionaries.

Children write any difficult words they have found under each letter.

• Play snap with compound word parts, prefixes and suffixes.

• Use list words to make spelling ladders, with each word starting with the letter which ends the word before.

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For example:

For example: ‘foot’ matches with ‘ball’; ‘tele’ matches with ‘phone’; ‘govern’ matches with ‘ment’

• Decorate or illustrate list words.

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• Write list words using string or pipe cleaners.

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Children can draw pictures and ask other children to guess which word they have drawn; or simply make words into patterns. Children can make each letter, or just the word shape.

• Use magnetic letters to form words from memory on a board.

• Write list words in sand or salt.

Children could also trace words on a desk or sandpaper. Discussing whether word shapes are ‘tall’ or ‘small’ could follow. For example, using the word ‘are’:

• Use list words to build other words.

b
• Make simple designs using the list words written end to end.

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,c

s n a k e a c h

letter

,

n’t

Use shapes like circles, triangles and spirals.

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New Words
Name: My new word is:
1. (a) Say your word. (b) Clap the syllables. 5. A dictionary definition of my word is

Date:

(c) My word has

syllables.

(b) My word ends with the letter(s) . (c) The middle letters are . 3. Write your word in a sentence

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7. Cover your word. Write it from memory three times. Tick the word each time you wrote it correctly.
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4. A word that rhymes with my word is

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(a) (b) (c)

.

6. Cover your word. Write three clues about it. See if a friend can guess the word.

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2. (a) My word begins with the letter(s)

Spelling Extension
Name: My Extension Spelling Words
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12.

Date: Synonyms of my words

My words in alphabetical order

More activities
Create a crosspatch with clues. Find rhyming words. Write a quiz. Put the words into a short story. Write a concrete (shape) poem using your words. Create a word search.
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Spelling Games
Spelling Clues
Write clues for eight of your spelling words. For example: Add ‘hi’ to ‘story’ = history; Take ‘ly’ from ‘purely’ = pure. Swap with a friend and time how long it takes you to correctly guess all eight words.
Clue Answer

Name:

Choose two of your spelling words. Write three sentence clues which match each word. For example, ‘I am long and thin’. Swap with a friend.
1. 1.

2.

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3.

Which word am I?

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Which Word?

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2. 3.

My name:

Which word am I?

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Spelling Games
Treasure Chest
Use the letters in the treasure chest to make as many of your spelling words as you can. You can use each letter more than once in a word.

Number of words:

Choose six spelling words and write each below. Write a short meaning for each word next to another word. Give to a friend to solve.
Word

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• •

Match the Meaning

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Meaning •








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Spelling Games
Word Search
Make your own word search using some of your list words. Your words can go across, down or diagonally. Pass your search to a friend to do. Can they find all of your words?

Give your code words to a friend to solve. Code

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For example, school =

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Choose six list words. Write them using the secret code below.

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Secret Code

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a g j m p s v y
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b e h k n q t w z
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c f i l

Answer

d

o r u x

Certificates

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Assessment
There are many different ways to assess spelling. The pages that follow are provided to help support the My Spelling Workbook programme.

Page 33 can be used for pre-tests at the beginning of each unit and again for the final assessment.

Individual spelling records can be kept using page 37. Pre-test and final test scores are recorded along with anecdotal notes. These notes can come together as an overview of the child’s progress in spelling during the 18 units and can be discussed during parent/ teacher conferences and in reports.
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A record of spelling results for the whole class can be recorded on page 38.
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Pages 34–36 can be used to specifically record each word learned and the time taken to master a unit of words. Recording in this way may be useful for children with special needs, those with English as an additional language or for the whole class.

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Assessment
Name:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Date:
17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

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22.

Total score:

/22

Name:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

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9.

Date:
17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

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10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

Total score:

/22

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Assessment
= can say word = can write word

Name:
= has remembered correct spelling

LIST 1
Date begun:
gather gutter goodbye gadget giant magic energy gentle germ hydrogen charge lounge strange arrange change damage figure village gym danger near between

LIST 2
Date begun:
handkerchief guest cupboard guitar island climb limb doubt known knock guess young white wraith sign aisle tomb science wrinkle depot horse disc

LIST 3
Date begun:
brief thief belief mischief grief relief deceit seize weird caffeine field priest calorie cashier piece biscuit address

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return repeat refund revise suburb submarine submerge subject submission interesting modern

LIST 4
Date begun:
display stray relay always alley grey obey survey claim raise afraid operation dictation nature weight freight neighbour straight vein beige morning might

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Date completed:

Date completed:

LIST 5
Date begun:
torch orchard channel achieve

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believe niece receive receipt deceive

Date completed:

LIST 6
chemist anchor stomach character monarch orchid anarchy approach coach Madrid Cardiff

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Date begun:
interest intersect intercept interact interview international disability dislike disagree disappoint disappear

machine chef parachute charade school choir ache

Date completed:
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Date completed:

Date completed:

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Name:
= can say word = can write word

Assessment
= has remembered correct spelling

LIST 7
Date begun:
wrap donkey reunion Santa Claus sauce presents holly enchanting Christmas mistletoe fairy sleigh festival turkey goose sprouts midnight delight pudding ornaments sugar special

LIST 8
Date begun:
track struck attack packet cricket clock chuckle socket chicken pocket freckle classic volcano mimic sonic plastic tonic terrific

LIST 9
Date begun:
window follow borrow narrow shadow swallow unknown cargo zero domino bingo bravado tiptoe potatoes tomatoes foe oboe although though dough proportion shuttle

electric heroic upon eye

LIST 10
Date begun:
grape shape lemonade mistake cashmere complete these athlete flute accuse refuse amuse size

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Date completed:

Date completed:

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LIST 11
boycott deploy royal employ destroy annoy voyage buoy lifebuoy beginning coming

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Date completed:

LIST 12
Date begun:
firmly thirsty virus confirm thirty urchin burst urban urgent further purpose burnt modern quarter remember early earthquake heard search hearse sincerely library

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mobile alive divide broke spoke globe phone easy fraction

Date begun:
noise moist hoist choice voice invoice appoint asteroid enjoy decoy convoy

Date completed:

Date completed:

Date completed:
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Assessment
= can say word = can write word

Name:
= has remembered correct spelling

LIST 13
Date begun:
prayer wellingtons season umbrella forgive seedlings shower died gardener nurture shoots palms soldier crucify prune weather religion celebrate thunderstorm lightning eighth truly prefix

LIST 14
Date begun:
woollen wooden lengthen strengthen amazement treatment department excitement agreement escape none rough cough tough laugh

LIST 15
Date begun:
orphan nephew atmosphere elephant phrase autograph alphabet dolphin phobia August November

prevent precise prepare predict microchip microscope microphone microfilm microbe barren

enough trough draught

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childish breakage wastage postage drainage hardship friendship abolish membership ninety hundred

LIST 16
Date begun:
lottery robbery mystery ability academy bravery cavity monkey honey money trolley journey

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Date completed:

Date completed:

LIST 17

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Date begun:
signal removal arrival musical festival electrical personal championship astonish nourish foolish

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graph

roughcast paragraph

photograph

Date completed:

LIST 18
Date begun:
octopus squid shark whale snorkel pilot suitcase customs ocean scuba fishing pier depth lighthouse smuggler coastguard security sunglasses oxygen swimsuit Australia Greece

Date completed:
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macaroni confetti bikini ski taxi spaghetti khaki quay frighten close

Date completed:

Date completed:

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Assessment
Name:
Pre-test List 1 List 2 List 3 List 4 List 5 List 6 List 7 List 8 List 9 List 10 List 11 List 12 List 13 List 14 List 15 List 16 List 17 List 18 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 Final Test ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22 ⁄22

Year:
Notes

NOTES:

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DATE:

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Test Checklist
Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

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Answers

CONTENTS
Teachers Notes for each unit – two pages for each unit, providing list focus, dictation, word building, additional activities and answers.
Unit 1 – Hard and Soft ‘g’ ....................................... 40–41 Unit 2 – Silent Letters ............................................. 42–43 Unit 3 – ie, ei ........................................................ 44–45 Unit 4 – ay, ey, ai, a, eigh, aigh, ei ......................... 46–47 Unit 5 – inter, dis, re, sub ....................................... 48–49 Unit 6 – Different Pronunciations ‘ch’ ....................... 50–51 Unit 7 – Christmas ................................................ 52–53 Unit 8 – ck, ic ....................................................... 54–55 Unit 9 – ow, o, oe, ough ........................................ 56–57 Unit 10 – a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e ............................... 58–59

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Unit 11 – oi, oy, uoy ............................................. 60–61 Unit 12 – ir, ur, er, ear ........................................... 62–63 Unit 13 – Spring/Easter .......................................... 64–65 Unit 14 – pre, micro, en, ment ................................ 66–67 Unit 15 – gh, ph ................................................... 68–69 Unit 17 – al, ish, age, ship .................................... 72–73 Unit 18 – Summer Holidays ................................... 74–75 List Words (whole series) ...................................... 76–82

Unit 16 – y, ey, i, uay ............................................ 70–71

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Unit 1
List Words gather gutter goodbye gadget figure giant magic energy gentle germ hydrogen charge lounge strange arrange change damage village gym danger near between Revision Words doctor spectator water lower suddenly eleven reason poison read goes doctors spectators waters, watered, watering, watery lowers, lowered, lowering, low, lowest sudden, suddenness eleventh reasons, reasoned, reasoning, reasonable, unreasonable poisons, poisoned, poisoning, poisonous reads, reading, read go, going, went, gone Word Building gathers, gathered, gathering, gatherer, gatherable gutters, guttered, guttering goodbyes gadgets, gadgetry figures, figuring, figured, figurative, figuratively, figurehead, figureheads giants, giantess magical, magically, magician energies, energetic, energetically, energise/energize, energised/ energized, energising/energizing gentler, gentlest germs, germless, germicide, germicidal — charges, charged, charging, charger lounges, lounged, lounging stranger, strangest, strangely, strangeness arranges, arranged, arranging, arrangement, arranger, rearrange changes, changed, changing, changer, changeable damages, damaged, damaging, damager, damageable villages, villager, villagers

Hard and Soft ‘g’
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘g’, ‘ge’, ‘gi’ and ‘gy’ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘near’ and ‘between’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Discuss how the letter ‘g’ can make hard and soft sounds. It usually makes a hard sound when followed by ‘a’, ‘o’ or ‘u’ and usually makes a soft sound when followed by ‘e’, ‘i’ or ‘y’. • Sort the list words to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • (Note: in changeable and damageable the ‘e’ is retained to keep the soft ‘g’ sound.)

gyms, gymnasium, gymnasiums, gymnast, gymnasts, gymnastic, gymnastics nearer, nearest, nears, nearing, neared, nearby, nearly — Word Building

40

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dangers, dangerous, dangerously

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Dictation

1. We used to gather in the village square, near our house, to watch a magic show. 2. The hydrogen filled giant rocket soared upwards, controlled by an electronic gadget. 3. The germ has been passed between the patients, and more were in danger, so the nurse in charge had to arrange to close the ward. 4. After the flood it was strange to see the damage in the lounge caused by the water from the broken gutter. 5. After a gentle walk mum waved goodbye as we had to go and change our shoes before going to the gym. 6. I was full of energy on the ice rink as I skated a perfect figure of eight.

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Hard and Soft ‘g’

Unit 1

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) giant arrange, strange damage gather village gadget near between gadget gather gentle germ giant goodbye gutter gym 5. (a) Any four of: gather, gutter, goodbye, gadget, figure. (b) Any four of: giant, magic, energy, gentle, germ, hydrogen, charge, lounge, strange, arrange, change, damage, village, gym, danger. 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) doctor, arrange damage, lounge charge, spectator gym, energy magic, giant 10. (a) changed, changing (b) lowered, lowering or lowest (c) gentler, gentlest (d) reasoned, reasoning (e) arranged, arranging, arranger or arrangement (f) poisoned, poisoning 11. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) giant doctor figure gadget between hydrogen

3.Across 4. lounge 7. change 8. arrange 10. gentle 12. magic 16. village 17. danger 19. gym 20. goodbye 21. strange 22. near Down 1. figure 2. gutter 3. damage 5. gather 6. energy 8. between 11. hydrogen 13. change 14. gadget 15. germ 18. giant 4. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) genius hydrofoil villian budget ginger betray

7. (a) (i) read (ii) suddenly (iii) goodbye (b) hydrofoil, hydroelectric, hydrolysis, hydropower 8. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

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9. n e a r r o t c o d c b j g w r e e g d l r e g n a h c e q

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spectator, gym giant gutter eleven, reason germ, suddenly poison, gadget z r g n s u d d e n l y x n u h o n o t n w e r e a d x t n x t a s r r e w o l p g r l s h a r i a d l v i l l a g e t w t r o n a y o e o c d o k r y c a p g n e h u l x g g e b v e h g e g y g m n e e h p r n p g a t e l o a h g t j e e b s t i r r x o g m a e t y a w r v v a g i d i g a a o m s m y g r e n e b c n w d j r o x y w s f y t y b e t w e e n f i g u r e r e t t u g x g x

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Unit 2
List Words handkerchief guest cupboard guitar island climb limb doubt known knock guess young white wraith sign aisle tomb science wrinkle depot horse disc Revision Words leaf beef shelf wolf scarf half women dice large does
42

Silent Letters
Word Building handkerchiefs guests, guestless, guestroom, guesthouse cupboards guitars, guitarist, guitarists, guitarlike islands, islander, islanders climbs, climbed, climbing, climber, climbers limbs, limbed, limbless doubts, doubted, doubting, doubtful, doubtfulness, doubter, doubtable know, knows, knew, knowing, knower, knowable, knowingly, knowledge, knowledgeable knocks, knocked, knocking, knocker, knockout, knockdown guesses, guessed, guessing, guesser, guessable, guesswork younger, youngest, youngish, youngster whites, whiter, whitest, whiten, whitener wraiths signs, signed, signing, signage, signature aisles tombs

Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on words that have silent letters. • This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘horse’ and ‘disc’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the silent letter in each word. • Identify any other difficult parts of each word. • Brainstorm to list the other words with silent letters and sort them into groups, along with the list words.

Rules
• Note: The ‘e’ is retained when the suffix beginning with a vowel is added to keep the soft ‘g’ sound. • Rule: To make words ending with ‘ss’ plural, ‘es’ is added. • Rule: When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • Rule: To many words ending with ‘f’ or ‘fe’, change the ‘f’ to ‘v’ before adding the suffix.

depots

horses, horseback, horsepower, horseshoe, horseshoes, horsey or horsy discs Word Building leaves, leafy beefy shelves wolves scarves, scarfs halves, halved, halving woman die larger, largest do, doing, did, done

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sciences, scientific, scientifically, scientist, scientists wrinkles, wrinkling, wrinkled, wrinkly

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Dictation

1. The tomb was known to be haunted as many people had seen the wraith of a young lady waving a white handkerchief. 2. Knock, knock. Who’s there? Guess. No doubt it is not me. 3. Each wedding guest had to sign their name then walk down the aisle as the musician played a guitar. 4. We arrived at the bus depot on the island only to be told that the horse riding had been cancelled so we had to climb back on board. 5. For Mum’s birthday I’ve bought a compact disc and a jar of wrinkle free cream. 6. The cupboard in the science room had a skeleton with a missing limb.

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Silent Letters

Unit 2

Answers
1. (a) cupboard (b) Any two of: climb, limb, doubt, tomb (c) handkerchief (d) Any two of: guest, guitar, guess (e) sign (f) island, aisle (g) young (h) wrinkle, wraith (i) white (j) known, knock (k) science (l) depot 2. Across 2. guest 4. horse 5. known 6. sign 10. knock 11. science 12. tomb 14. cupboard 16. wraith 17. island 19. climb

4. (a) white, wraith, aisle, tomb (b) guess, young, guest, guitar 5. (a) Wrap this handkerchief around your bleeding finger. (b) Guess which one of the women left their scarf on the shelf. 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) handkerchiefs shelves guesses wolves horses aisles

9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j)

aisle known wrinkle tomb doubt depot women knock young half large limb island guitar shelf cupboard

7.Teacher check 8. h e n g j n k f l e h s z w j a l t e u p b g s d n a l s i n a i r x e q u c d s i g n w d h r m f c s i i c e c f q r

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k o y d b i j t e l e p l o a e r i d f d w a n i l m o e i r s q l r o j r c m k l w t t c e a o n a f h e b n m j r h h h t a t g o e w h i t e z f i y o u n g i b e u r k k s f e l e k k k u s p b w n z r a f r h o r f a e l u o o a t o

Down 1. aisle 2. guess 3. wrinkle 4. handkerchief 7. guitar 8. doubt 9. disc 13. young 15. depot 16. white 18. limb

3. (a) limb, white, horse, disc, know, sign (b) island

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d g b m o t m o s w c c m p a e e l s i a c d n s s k b e h m q r d o u b t e g r a l f n
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Unit 3
List Words brief thief belief mischief grief relief believe niece field priest calorie cashier piece receive receipt deceive deceit seize weird caffeine biscuit address Revision Words psalm build listen wrist rhyme knuckle yoghurt autumn pretty animal Word Building briefs, briefing, briefed, briefer, briefest, briefly, briefness thieves, thieving beliefs mischievous, mischievously griefs reliefs believes, believing, believed, believable, believer nieces fields, fielding, fielded, fielder, fielders, fieldwork priests, priestly, priestess, priestesses, priesthood calories cashiers pieces, piecing, pieced, piecemeal receives, receiving, received, receiver, receivers receipts deceives, deceiving, deceived deceitful, deceitfully, deceitfulness seizes, seizing, seized, seizure, seizures weirder, weirdest, weirdly, weirdo, weirdos caffeinated, decaffeinated biscuits

ie, ei
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘ie’, and ‘ei’,‘ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘biscuit’ and ‘address’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Discuss that when the sound is a long ‘e’, ‘i’ usually comes before ‘e’, except after ‘c’. Identify the list words seize, weird, and caffeine which do not follow this rule. • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• To many words ending with ‘f’ or ‘fe’, change the ‘f’ to ‘v’ before adding the suffix. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • Double the consonant to keep the preceding vowel sound short. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added.

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psalms builds, building, built listens, listened, listening, listener wrists rhymes, rhymed, rhyming knuckles yoghurts autumns, autumnal prettier, prettiest, prettily, prettiness animals

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addresses, addressing, addressed, addressable Word Building

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Dictation

1. My niece, who is full of mischief, gave the priest the wrong address but to my relief he did not believe her and told her it was wrong to deceive people. 2. It is my belief, and I’ll make this brief, there is nothing worse that being a thief. 3. She was a calorie counter so after eating a biscuit she was so full of grief that she ran around the field twice. 4. After drinking the coffee I felt weird as caffeine affects me. 5. Tomorrow we shall receive the last piece of furniture as the cashier has now seen our receipt. 6. He used deceit to order the goods so the police had to seize all of his belongings.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

ie, ei

Unit 3

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) niece disbelief mischievous barrier weir debrief

7.Teacher check 8. t r u h g o y f n f e i l e r c a f f e i n e e b e l i e f a e i u s e i z e i f e i h t g d l g r i e f e p r e t t y

Sa m
l f d k k p c a y r x b h p b m a e r r e e v i e c e r x i r s m i e a c a l o r i e e s f r e i h s a c d c d w z r c s s d b n c s y d l w x h n u t d m e s a s r e q i y n e i q e y l c m i i w a m u k t t

2.Across 2. belief 3. receive 5. weird 6. biscuit 8. piece 9. receipt 11. priest 12. field 14. calorie 16. mischief 17. niece 18. deceive

4. (a) deceives, deceived, deceiving (b) receives, received, receiving (c) briefs, briefed, briefing (d) seizes, seized, seizing (e) beliefs, believed, believing 5. Teacher check 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) address grief field biscuit

9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

niece receive weird deceit piece pretty knuckle mischief cashier biscuit autumn caffeine

3. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j)

piece grief receive weird thief receipt priest calorie caffeine seize

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Down 1. thief 2. believe 4. address 6. brief 7. seize 9. relief 10. caffeine 13. grief 14. cashier 15. deceit

in g

pl e
w c c i a e f r m e v h b s f g e f e w s i a u t u m n i y a i h v i s p v k n u c k l e t t w e t p v r e c e i p t b
45

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 4
List Words display stray relay always alley grey obey survey claim raise afraid operation dictation nature weight freight neighbour straight vein beige morning might Revision Words chair fair repair dairy rare glare spare beware Dublin Belfast Word Building displays, displaying, displayed, displayer strays, straying, strayed, strayer relays, relaying, relayed — alleys, alleyway greyer, greyest, greys, greying, greyed, greyly, greyness, greyish obeys, obeying, obeyed, obeyer surveys, surveying, surveyed, surveyor, surveyors, surveyable claims, claiming, claimed, claimable, claimer raises, raising, raised, raisable, raiser — operations, operational dictations, dictational natures weights, weighting, weighted, weighter freights, freighting, freighted neighbours, neighbouring, neighboured, neighbourhood, neighbourhoods straighter, straightest, straights, straightly, straightness, straightaway veins, veining, veined, veinal, veiny — mornings —

ay, ey, ai, a, eigh, aigh, ei
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘ay’, ‘ey’, ‘ai’, ‘a’, ‘eigh’, ‘aigh’, and ‘ei’ to represent a sound (phoneme). • This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘morning’ and ‘might’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Identify any difficult parts of words. • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. • To make the plural of words ending with a ‘y’ after a consonant, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘es’. • The ‘y’ is retained when adding ‘ing’ to avoid ‘ii’ being written. (two exceptions are taxiing and skiing.) • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix.

in g

chairs, chaired, chairing fairer, fairest, fairs, fairly, fairness repairs, repaired, repairing dairies rarer, rarest, rarely glares, glared, glaring spares, spared, sparing, sparingly — Dubliner, Dubliners Belfastian, Belfastians

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Word Building

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Sa m

Dictation
1. It was a simple operation to remove a vein from her leg, but it is in her nature to always worry, so she was scared. 2. At the fireworks display a stray rocket shot straight down the alley and hit Dad’s grey car, so he had to claim from the insurance company. 3. Our neighbour asked us to fill in a survey to raise the alarm about the weight of the heavy lorries passing down our road. 4. We were afraid the teacher would give us an extra dictation so we started to obey her. 5. I had to relay the message that we might be able to get our new beige car on Saturday as the freight had arrived at the port that morning.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

ay, ey, ai, a, eigh, aigh, ei

Unit 4

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) morning dictation always freight might relay neighbour raise, display morning beige, obey operation weight

(m) alley (n) freight (o) straight 5. (a) fair, fare (b) wait, weight (c) rays, raise 6. (a) always, Dublin (b) afraid, operation, might (c) Beware, grey, chair (d) raise, morning 7. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 8. a e e a t g l y e v r u s q b neighbour chair weight fair survey nature rare obey l s o r s v h n e r a p s v m w i n s a f r a i d v b m o j

9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

raise rare obey afraid always fair straight display dairy obey grey vein raise beige

3.Across 5. survey 7. might 9. relay 12. obey 13. neighbour 14. alley 15. display 17. afraid 19. dictation 20. freight Down 1. claim 2. stray 3. beige 4. nature 5. straight 6. grey 8. morning 10. always 11. weight 12. operation 16. vein 18. raise 4. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l)

grey neighbour nature weight survey raise claim obey straight dictation vein always

a a o t f r y e r g e r r i r

Sa m
y r i r l u n k y w i n z x y s t t a e o h z a a i o s D a r f a i B b b r h n b i t u l v r t g e h e c g u w t r b e w e c h r g i c y r e a a l r e i i t u i g a f a k r y i n i g d n t e e a l m l e a n w g h s t a n i j h l w p r l y h t w c n r t j f t e o s e g t n y r i a d g q r r y b i b c l a i m m i g h t c o x r d

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My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 5
List Words interest intersect intercept interact interview international disability dislike disagree disappoint disappear return repeat refund revise suburb submarine submerge subject submission interesting modem Revision Words lead steady earth threat instead heavy breadth breakfast world clean
48

inter, dis, re, sub
Word Building interests, interesting, interested, interestingly intersects, intersecting, intersected, intersection, intersectional intercepts, intercepting, intercepted, interception, interceptions, interceptive interacts, interacting, interacted, interaction, interactive interviews, interviewing, interviewed, interviewable, interviewee, interviewer internationals, internationality, internationally disabilities, disable, disables, disabling, disabled, disablement dislikes, disliking, disliked, dislikable disagrees, disagreeing, disagreed, disagreement, disagreeable disappoints, disappointing, disappointed, disappointment disappears, disappearing, disappeared, disappearance returns, returning, returned, returnable repeats, repeating, repeated, repeatedly revises, revising, revised, revisable, reviser, revisory suburbs submarines, submariner

Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the prefixes ‘inter’, ‘dis’, ‘re’ and ‘sub’. This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘interesting’ and ‘modem’.

Teaching Points
• Discuss the meaning of each prefix. • Identify the base word for each list word, where appropriate. • Identify any smaller words that make up each word. • Sort the list words according to the prefixes and brainstorm to add to each list.

Rules
• When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added.

refunds, refunding, refunded, refundable

subjects, subjecting, subjected, subjective

interest, interests, interested, interestingly modems Word Building leaden, leadenly steadies, steadied, steadying, steadier, steadiest, steadily, steadiness earths threats, threaten, threatened, threatening, threateningly — heavier, heaviest, heavies, heavily — breakfasts, breakfasted, breakfasting worlds, worldly, worldlier, worldliest cleaner, cleanest, cleans, cleaning, cleaned

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submissions, submissive, submit, submits, submitting, submitted

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submerges, submerging, submerged, submergence

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Sa m

Dictation
1. The subject of the debate was ‘The use of the modem to spy on you!’ and it was interesting as anyone could disagree and interact with the speaker. 2. My dad had to revise for weeks before going for a job interview for an international company. 3. The crash happened in a suburb of Dublin where the two roads intersect and he can no longer drive due to his disability. 4. We all watched with interest as the submarine began to submerge and disappear under the waves on its mission to intercept the enemy. 5. I had to return the faulty goods, which I dislike doing, but in order not to disappoint me I got a full refund. 6. Last night on the television we watched the repeat of the war film showing the submission of the Russian army.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

inter, dis, re, sub

Unit 5

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) suburb interact dislike subject review revise disappoint intersect repeat submerge disability refund interact intercept interest interesting international intersect interview

4.Teacher check examples. (a) dis(b) re(c) inter(d) sub5. (a) (b) (c) (d) dislike, refund interview, world repeat, disagree intercept, threat, Earth

10. (a) revised, revising, revisable (b) disagreed, disagreeing, disagreeable, disagreement (c) cleaned, cleaning, cleanable (d) disappointed, disappointing, disappointment

6. modem, clean, world, return, lead 7. interest, intersect, intercept, interact, interview, disagree, disappoint, disappear, submarine, submission 8. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 9. s n t i n s t e a d y v y d x l b

3.Across 1. interview 4. refund 6. disappear 7. interact 8. dislike 10. submerge 11. subject 14. interesting 17. international 18. suburb 19. repeat

in g
u a c r t c e s r e t n i s x e r b e e d m e d o m s i s g g u e e m l j g j i i s y n l p i s f r a a c b n l n s t l i i d i u y e k r b u i d t a a k t b w n b c t f

submission steady or instead refund breakfast repeat or disappear disappear

Sa m
i e s t u e p e i n a d t m i u a n m q s s r p p n i s b e i n r s e t v e u c e e t o i i r s t n t a h a r b e a r e p d z n s e d v v t d e u p r z r p r e a i r i d o d i t r t s t e a d y t o v s d b a e n b h n h s s x o i n i a p r e v i s e t i t i c h o x e g k s r a d l r o w r d i r n l w r q h b t c a r e t n i h e a v y e l w s m e g r e m b u s w l q v e h

Down 2. intersect 3. interest 5. revise 6. disability 8. disappoint 9. submarine 10. submission 12. intercept 13. disagree 15. return 16. modem

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My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 6
List Words torch orchard channel achieve machine chef parachute charade approach coach school choir ache chemist anchor stomach character monarch orchid anarchy Madrid Cardiff Revision Words stronger meaner greatest lightest thinnest tiniest bounciest angriest learn America orchards channels, channelling, channelled, channeller achieves, achieving, achieved, achievability, achievable, achievably, achievement, achievements machines, machining, machined, machinery, machinability, machinable, machineless chefs parachutes, parachutist, parachutists, parachuted, parachuting charades approaches, approaching, approached, approachable, approachably, approachability, approachableness coaches, coaching, coached, coachable schools, schooling, schooled choirs aches, aching, ached, achingly chemists Word Building torches, torching, torched, torcher

Different Pronunciations ‘ch’
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the grapheme ‘ch’ to represent different sounds (phonemes). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘Madrid’ and ‘Cardiff’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phonemes and how they are represented. • Identify the three different sounds the grapheme ‘ch’ makes. Colour code the words with the same sound. • Identify any other difficult parts of words.

Rules
• To make words ending with ‘ch’ or a single ‘s’ plural, ‘es’ is added except when ‘ch’ says ‘k’. • When a words ends with a single ‘l’, double the ‘l’ when a suffix beginning with a vowel is added. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • Double the consonant to keep the preceding vowel sound short. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is ended.

anchors, anchoring, anchored, anchorman, anchorwoman stomachs, stomaching, stomached characters, charactering, charactered, characteristic, characteristics, characteristically, characterise/characterize

in g

ew
Word Building

monarchs, monarchal, monarchally orchids, orchidaceous anarchist

Cardaffian, Cardaffians

strong, strongest, strongly mean, meanest, meanness great, greater, greatly, greatness light, lighter, lights, lighting, lighted, lit, lightly, lightness, lighten, lightens, lightening, lightened thin, thinner, thins, thinning, thinned tiny, tinier bouncy, bouncier, bounce, bounces, bounced angry, angrier, angrily, anger, angers, angering, angered learns, learned, learning, learnt, learner, learning American, Americans

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Madrileño, Madrileña, Madrileños, Madrileñas

Sa m

Dictation
1. Channel 5 asked the school if they could film our charade called ‘Snow Fair’ and I am playing the leading character. 2. Last night the chef sent me to the orchard with a torch to pick some apples and get an orchid from the greenhouse. 3. The rebels had caused anarchy in the country after they had deposed the monarch. 4. As the ship dropped anchor in Madrid there was a choir singing at the docks to welcome them. 5. I had to get off the coach but as I began to approach the chemist shop my stomach ache got worse and I collapsed. 6. Staying at the army camp in Cardiff my brother hopes to achieve some of his goals which are jumping from a plane wearing a parachute and firing a machine gun.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

Different Pronunciations ‘ch’

Unit 6

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) Madrid stomach anchor channel orchid monarch coaches machines torches stomachs approaches monarchs

5. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

character – istic anchor – ed chemist – ry America – n machine – ry monarch – y approach – able anarchy – ist

9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j)

bounciest anarchy choir lightest anchor charade machine character Cardiff parachute charade monarch tiniest learn stomach chef

8.

in g
t b s o t s e i c n u o b k c z g i u t n d g r e a t e s t n z h v n b o d i h c r o n h h g q e j s i q m c h e m i s t g r i o h c h e b a h w w a n c h o r l r r r r s h c a o r p p a h f e i a o t e

3. Across 1. monarch 4. choir 6. anchor 7. orchid 10. character 11. stomach 13. torch 15. achieve 19. ache 20. machine

7. (a) ache (b) achieve (c) achieve, parachute, bounciest, America (d) Cardiff, Madrid (e) channel, approach, Cardiff, thinnest

Sa m
t d h r u c h e f z a f i e c k n m o n a r c h v q r c r i q s h a l d b c d e n x n l t e a d b t e i e s t r o n g e r t h d d r b m g l j e a m f y c u u w y z e a i

pl e
h e s r h u a h h d i r d a M s C t n c l c g v c k a c i r e m A u e n h v r s a r h d a n a r c h y s a o k o r f o s i k w c o a c h t h o z a h u t h i n n e s t r c j c l p a i o a c h i e v e c l g
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6. (a) channel, chemist or stomach (b) chef (c) greatest (d) meaner

Down 2. approach 3. Cardiff 4. chemist 5. parachute 8. chef 9. channel 12. orchard 14. charade 15. anarchy 16. Madrid 17. school 18. coach

4. Beginning: channel, chef, chemist, charade, choir, character Middle: orchard, achieve, machine, parachute, school, ache, anchor, orchid, anarchy End: torch, stomach, monarch, approach, coach

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

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Unit 7
List Words wrap donkey reunion Santa Claus sauce presents holly enchanting Christmas mistletoe fairy sleigh festival turkey goose sprouts midnight delight pudding ornaments sugar special Revision Words elves stable family concert snowman angel reindeer chimney ours theirs elf donkeys reunions — sauces, saucepan, saucepans present, presenting, presented, presentee, presenter, presentation hollies enchantingly, enchants, enchanted, enchanter Christmases — fairies, fairytale sleighs, sleighing, sleighed festivals, festive, festively, festiveness turkeys geese sprout, sprouting, sprouted midnightly delights, delighting, delighted, delightedly, delighter puddings, puddingy ornament, ornamenting, ornamented, ornamental sugars, sugaring, sugared, sugarless, sugary specials, specialness Word Building wraps, wrapping, wrapped

Christmas
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on Christmas words. This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘sugar’ and ‘special’.

Teaching Points
• Identify difficult parts of words. • Discuss ways to remember how to spell a word. • Brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Dictation
1. Dinner was very special as we had a goose and a turkey with potatoes and sprouts and the pudding had a chocolate sauce. 2. It is such a delight to put out the Christmas ornaments, cover the fireplace with holly, hang the mistletoe and wrap the presents. 3. Every December we have a school reunion when we sing carols, then at midnight Santa Claus arrives in a sleigh pulled by a donkey. 4. The festival was enchanting especially the giant cake made in the shape of a fairy and covered in sugar.

stables, stability, stablise/stabilize families, familial concerts snowmen angels, angelic reindeers chimneys our their

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Word Building

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My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

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Sa m

pl e

Christmas

Unit 7

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) Santa Claus sugar sleigh sauce Christmas reunion midnight wrap pudding presents special ornaments fairy turkey

5. angel, sugar, sauce, ours, goose 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) fairy ornaments goose donkey, reunion, concert (e) Christmas, mistletoe (f) turkey, donkey

9.Teacher check 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) fairies turkey geese sugars stables festivals

7. holly, theirs 8. See word search
i x C e n v y h s t u o r p s i m n u f e a q h u q c l c q e t h g i l e d g

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2. Across 2. sleigh 4. wrap 5. sauce 7. ornaments 8. reunion 9. pudding 12. holly 13. sugar 15. mistletoe 18. Christmas 19. fairy 20. presents 21. festival

p r e u f o w i q

in g

s s f g p q

e i y e c u a s

Down 1. enchanting 3. goose 5. sprouts 6. donkey 10. delight 11. Santa Claus 14. midnight 16. special 17. turkey

j n a t S l m b e q u p

s s t s u b f

l l p a t r r m

n c v y s s h c g e k C a e w k h

t z e w n t m n i u l b i r x e

s n s o f v i g w a l n t w w y

Vi

m e w a q t h v u e d c h b i

i v m w w n i e s a e a n g e l

r h l a f t a q i s c e l u x i g n

c s p e r n m m i i t a u j l h a i y

Sa m

pl e
h q e i i u f m t r e k h d r m p l z p s o r n a m e n t s s a d g u t t n v z f d c s a w p g t d l x m b m g m r n l u l e u d e k y a v w u v m o l f y c s i t g l m s o q t n z c y s e i l n o o l q g m h x e t d r r k a g e o o x r p q d d y w s e h j f c i i n l x e a x e f m o h w d t
53

3. (a) presents, wrap, reunion, special, delight (b) sauce (c) Teacher check 4. reunion, Christmas, mistletoe, fairy, family, turkey, pudding

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 8
List Words track struck attack packet cricket clock chuckle socket chicken pocket freckle classic volcano mimic sonic plastic tonic terrific electric heroic upon eye Revision Words argue value drew screw igloo kangaroo juice bruise millimetre centilitre Word Building tracks, tracking, tracked, trackable strike, strikes, striking attacks, attacking, attacked, attacker packets, packeting, packeted crickets, cricketing, cricketed, cricketer clocks, clocking, clocked chuckles, chuckling, chuckled, chuckler sockets, socketing, socketed chickens pockets, pocketing, pocketed, pocketable freckles, freckly classics, classical, classically volcanically, volcanoes mimics, mimicking, mimicked, mimicker — plastics, plastically tonics, tonically terrifically electrics, electricity, electrical heroically —

ck, ic
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘ck’ and ‘ic’ to represent different sounds (phonemes). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘upon’ and ‘eye’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Discuss how words with the phoneme at the end of the first syllable use ‘ck’ and those with the phoneme after one or more syllables use ‘c’. • Identify the word that doesn’t follow the rule (attack). • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

eyes, eyeing, eying, eyed, eyeball Word Building

values, valuing, valued, valuer draw, draws, drawing, drawn screws, screwing, screwed igloos kangaroos juices bruises, bruising, bruised millimetres centilitres

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argues, arguing, argued, arguable, arguably

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• When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • When adding ‘ly’ to words ending with ‘e’ after a consonant, change the ‘e’ to ‘y’. • To make many words ending with ‘o’ plural, ‘es’ or ‘s’ is acceptable.

Dictation
1. A faulty electric socket had caused the fire but the classic grandfather clock had been saved by the heroic firemen. 2. Cycling along the track I reached into my pocket for a packet of sweets when I struck the fence. All that was broken was the plastic lid of the Smarties. 3. There is nothing that can mimic the terrific sound of a sonic boom or the sight of a volcano erupting. 4. Why did the chicken cross the road? To get upon the pavement. 5. He kept calling me freckle face so I had a good chuckle to myself when I poured the salt into his tonic water. 6. My eye was on the ball so I missed seeing the man run onto the cricket field to attack the batsman.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

Rules

ck, ic

Unit 8

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) chuckle terrific mimic classic track chicken eye plastic attack sonic socket upon packet heroic struck mimic electric clock

5. (a) volcanic, sonic (b) kangaroo, bruise (c) heroic, electric 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) electricity freckly hero volcano juicy

9. millimetre, chicken plastic, igloo 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) thunderstruck eyebrow pocketbook clockwise undervalue tracksuit screwdriver counterattack

Down 2. attack 3. cricket 4. volcanic 5. upon 6. chicken 10. eye 11. heroic 12. socket 13. tonic 14. freckle 15. struck 16. pocket
4.Teacher check

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3. Across 1. plastic 7. clock 8. classic 9. track 12. sonic 13. terrific 17. electric 18. mimic 19. packet 20. chuckle

7. Any six of: centilitre, electric, millilitre, mimic, eye, screw, sonic, tonic 8. c r i c k e t n e k c i h c v o l c a n i t g d h a t t j t e k c a p c x v e i p j l i y o m r a a e s y i e r h t s s m j i e e r t a k o r l f a r l j o e m d c u c i c m b m k c c t s u v d g x r m p r n c g i x e a s s i c w k k k k

t w c a n n q t q a s j a k h n c

g e w c d f c i j o l r o g u o o

w r r k x i u l n g o e o w c p l

m c j r t g t i p o f e s o k u c

h s j s i w c t b o c o e u l a v

t p a t q f r n b r c n t c e g i

r l w b j e i e r k u k k o i h i

p e u g r a n c e l r i e o n u j

m i l l i m e t r e m g s t v i j

g l f f r e c k l e j v c e k p c

ew

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pl e

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

55

Unit 9
List Words window follow borrow narrow shadow swallow unknown cargo zero domino bingo bravado tiptoe potatoes tomatoes foe oboe although though dough proportion shuttle Revision Words since certain circumference calcium cinema agency cyclone cylinder found study — certainly, certainty, certainties circumferences — cinemas, cinematheque, cinematographer, cinematic agencies cyclones cylinders, cylindrical find, finds, finder, findings studies, studying, studied, studious, studiously, studiously Word Building windows, windowless, windowpane follows, following, followed, follower, followers, follow-theleader borrows, borrowing, borrowed, borrower, borrowers narrows, narrowed, narrowing, narrower, narrowest, narrowly, narrow-minded, narrowness shadows, shadowing, shadowed, shadowy swallows, swallowing, swallowed know, knows, knew, knowing, knowledge, knowledgeable, known cargoes zeros, zeroes, zeroing, zeroed dominoes, dominos — — tiptoes, tiptoeing, tiptoed potato tomato foes oboes — — doughnut, doughnuts

ow, o, oe, ough
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘ow’, ‘o’, ‘oe’ and ‘ough’ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘proportion’ and ‘shuttle’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. (Note: oboe has ‘o’ and ‘oe’) • Identify the words that have a double consonant to keep the preceding vowel sound short. Discuss how ‘shadow’ has a short vowel sound but the ‘d’ is not doubled. • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• To make many words ending in ‘o’ plural, ‘es’ or ‘s’ is acceptable. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. (The ‘e’ is retained in knowledgeable to keep the soft ‘g’ sound.) • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘I’ when a suffix is added. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. The ‘y’ is retained when adding ‘ing’ to avoid ‘ii’ being written. (Two exceptions are taxiing and skiing). • When a word ends with a single ‘l’, double the ‘l’ when a suffix beginning with a vowel is added. • When a word ends with a single ‘l’, double the ‘l’ when a suffix beginning with a vowel is added. (Angelic is an exception.)

proportions, proportioning, proportioned, proportionability, proportionable, proportionably, proportionment

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shuttles Word Building

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Dictation

1. We had to follow him quietly, on tiptoe, as you never know who is friend or foe. 2. Every Monday they would transport the cargo of potatoes and tomatoes through the narrow canals, then catch the shuttle plane back up to Dublin. 3. Even though it’s easy to bake bread you need the right proportion of flour and water to make the dough. 4. Every week she would borrow our car to go to play bingo and take me to my oboe tutor, but now her whereabouts are unknown. 5. For a few minutes I could not swallow because of the fright I got when I saw a shadow through the window. 6. I was full of bravado when I won the final game as I had the domino with the double zero, although I did cheat.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

ow, o, oe, ough

Unit 9

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) swallow zero bingo dough narrow follow foe oboe narrow foe dough tiptoe window domino though zero unknown bravado tomatoes shadow although

4. (a) dough (b) Teacher check (c) Teacher check 5. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) foes cinemas cargoes tiptoes shuttle cyclones oboes heroes studying swallowing borrowed studied tiptoeing

9. Nouns: cinema, foe Verbs: found, follow Adjectives: narrow, certain 10.Teacher check

3. Across 3. follow 5. shadow 6. bravado 9. proportion 11. tomatoes 15. zero 16. though 19. shuttle 20. narrow 21. domino 22. bingo

ew
8. h g b o r r o w b r e d n i l y c g z e r o y w f o u n d m o b o e u n k n o w n p u j c j k y r e o

in g
o e x a g e n c y o e i e e a c v h d k r x w o l l a w s o e v n m t o r r m w s e o t a t o p a e o o u i o j a r c d z p f e u d r j r g c w n l x a e i e u n w o e r r h r i d n o i t r o p o r p f e i s s a n r d t t w t n g a c m l x q e i c e g o o e d a n h a u t f r o p c y m d m s c s i d l c t a q t j o f a a t i j n b n c r u e r a l t h o u g h n d i l i i h w r m k s c d w o l l o f s u c s g b o g a y f w o d n i w v m o d

7. (a) shuttle (b) shadow (c) tomatoes, potatoes, tiptoe (d) unknown (e) borrow, narrow (f) domino, unknown (g) cargo, bingo

Sa m
d s t g e n o l c y c i s d h j h

Down 1. window 2. potatoes 4. swallow 7. although 8. oboe 10. foe 12. tiptoe 13. dough 14. borrow 17. unknown 18. cargo

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My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 10
List Words grape shape lemonade mistake cashmere complete these athlete flute accuse refuse amuse size mobile alive divide broke spoke globe phone easy fraction Revision Words aren’t couldn’t wasn’t who’s didn’t passer-by drive-in brother-in-law Europe great are not could not, could’ve was not who is did not passers-by drive-ins brothers-in-law European, Europeans greater, greatest, greatly, greatness grapes shapes, shaping, shaped, shaper, shapeless, shapelessness, shapely — mistakes, mistook, mistaken, mistakable, mistakably, mistaker — completes, completing, completed, completeness those athletes, athletic, athletically, athleticism, unathletic flutes, fluted, fluting, fluter, flutist accuses, accusing, accused, accuser refuses, refusing, refused, refusable, refusal amuses, amusing, amused, amusedly, amusingly, amusements sizes, sizing, sized, sizeable/ sizable, sizeableness, sizeably mobiles aliveness divides, dividing, divided, divider, division, divisor, divisible, undivided break, breaks, breaking, broken, breakable, breakage, unbroken speak, speaking, spoken, speakable, speaker, unspeakable globes, global, globally, globoid phones, phoning, phoned easier, easiest, easiness fractions, fractional Word Building

a-e, e-e, u-e, i-e, o-e
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘a-e’, ‘e-e’, ‘i-e’, ‘o-e’ and ‘u-e’ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘easy’ and ‘fraction’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Discuss how the ‘e’ on the end of each word makes the vowel sound long. • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. (Both ‘mistakeable’ and ‘mistakable’ are accepted, as are ‘sizeable’ and ‘sizable’). • The letters ‘ie’ are replaced with ‘y’ before ‘ing’ is added. • When adding ‘ly’ to words ending with ‘e’ after a consonant, change the ‘e’ to ‘y’.

in g

58

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Word Building

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Dictation
1. After spilling the lemonade, by mistake, all over mum’s cashmere jumper she just spoke quietly saying ‘these things happen.’ 2. My new mobile phone was a fraction of the price of my old one so dad didn’t refuse my request for a new flute. 3. I couldn’t complete my maths homework as I had to divide using a fraction and that is not easy. 4. Clowns have to amuse and judges have to accuse. 5. Even though it is a different shape is the size of a grape bigger or smaller than a cherry? 6. While training on the other side of the globe in Australia the athlete was lucky to be alive after he broke his back.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

a-e, e-e, u-e, i-e, o-e

Unit 10

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) easy refuse flute divide grape cashmere athlete broke phone fraction amuse complete alive lemonade grapefruit shipshape headphone snowmobile capsize incomplete

4. (a) accuses, accusing, accused (b) speak, speaks, speaking (c) refuses, refusing, refused (d) phones, phoning, phoned (e) break, breaks, breaking 5. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) 7. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) cashmere drive-in mobile Europe athlete fraction didn’t accuse alive

9. n b r o t h e r
o i t c a r f m w e s u m a y f b g h h t g r e a t m j p r a v n r u t h o o m e z i s a e c f s a t z l c z c f g s w s n c e h p t s e m n o s g t a s t u l h e o j t j c n h i a s e m s i e f e k e n p c a g k n r e e b t f m d e g n k p q e t b y p o

3.Across 7. mistake 8. phone 10. mobile 11. globe 14. alive 15. cashmere 16. easy 18. size 19. broke 20. these 21. flute

phone athlete divide size fraction broke or spoke these globe mobile flute accuse, amuse or refuse (l) alive

Down 1. refuse 2. amuse 3. shape 4. complete 5. fraction 6. lemonade 9. divide 11. grape 12. accuse 13. athlete 17. spoke

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8. (a) didn’t, flute, mistake (b) spoke, mobile, phone, brother-inlaw, great, Europe

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Sa m

10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

11. couldn’t, fraction, mobile, globe, complete, didn’t, size, divide

pl e
great amuse brother-in-law easy refuse divide

i e c l n a g a r e d e l y r h m

n l a j u f n e h i h p a y y o p

l p s e s t s o v l e o d c d n m

a m h j h u e i m l v r o i y e t

w o m t f d d y d e i u l s t k y

b c e e b w f m y v l E a f q k k

g q r h h i c m e d a e g l o b e

p l e o x q u i n y t n d i d x n

m e s e h t n t e k o r b v y j j

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

59

Unit 11
List Words noise moist hoist choice voice invoice appoint asteroid enjoy decoy convoy boycott deploy royal employ destroy annoy voyage buoy lifebuoy beginning coming Revision Words agile puzzle people vegetable fuel jewel tunnel novel kilogram kilometre
60

oi, oy, uoy
Word Building noises, noisy, noisily, noisier, noisiest, noisiness, noiseless, noiselessly moistness, moisten, moistens, moistened, moistening, moisture hoists, hoisted, hoisting, hoister choices, choicer, choicest, choiceness voices, voiced, voicing, voiceless, voicelessly invoices, invoiced, invoicing appoints, appointed, appointing, appointment, appointments, appointee asteroids, asteroidean enjoys, enjoyed, enjoying, enjoyment, enjoyable, enjoyably, enjoyableness decoys, decoying, decoyed convoys, convoying, convoyed boycotts, boycotting, boycotted, boycotter deploys, deploying, deployed, deployable, deployer, deployment royally, royalty, royalties, royalist

Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘oi’, ‘oy’ and ‘uoy’, to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘beginning’ and ‘coming’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• When adding ‘y’ to words ending with ‘e’, drop the ‘e’ before adding ‘y’. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • To make words ending with ‘ss’ plural, ‘es’ is added. • Double the consonant to keep the preceding vowel short.

voyages, voyaged, voyaging, voyager buoys, buoyant, buoyancy, buoyed beginnings, begin, begins, began, begun comes, came, come Word Building agilely, agility puzzles, puzzling, puzzled, puzzlement peoples, peopling, peopled vegetables, vegetarian, vegetarians, vegetarianism, vegetate, vegetates, vegetating, vegetated, vegetation fuels, fuelling, fuelled jewels, jewelled, jeweller, jewellers, jewellery tunnels, tunnelling, tunnelled novels, novelists kilograms kilometres lifebuoys

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employs, employed, employing, employment, employable, employee, employer destroys, destroyed, destroying, destroyer, destroyable annoys, annoyed, annoying, annoyingly, annoyingness, annoyance

Sa m

Dictation
1. The actors did annoy everyone by not coming to the award ceremony as they had decided to boycott it, so there was no choice but to cancel it as no one would enjoy it. 2. An asteroid can go around the sun and a lifebuoy can go around the waist. 3. The roof was leaking so badly that even my bed was moist, so we had to employ a builder who used a hoist to get the new tiles up to the roof. 4. At the beginning of the long voyage the royal navy had to deploy a few ships to act as a decoy, then send a convoy of twenty warships to attack and destroy the enemy’s fleet. 5. They had to appoint a new cashier after they discovered that every invoice was wrong. 6. After the boat had sunk she clung to a buoy, and her voice was so weak she could not make any noise, but she did get rescued.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

oi, oy, uoy

Unit 11

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) lifebuoy noise destroy appoint annoy voyage moist enjoy asteroid deploy choice boycott invoice royal

3. Across 1. deploy 7. beginning 8. hoist 9. buoy 10. destroy 12. choice 15. asteroid 17. appoint 18. voyage 19. employ Down 2. enjoy 3. lifebuoy 4. convoy 5. voice 6. invoice 9. boycott 10. decoy 11. moist 13. coming 14. noise 15. annoy 16. royal

8.

in g
x b l a y o r r d h b c c c j l e y a p p o i n t p a o o e d g o e r t e m o l i k n m w e i l r e l z z u p x n v i e a n p z c b o y c o t t o n l d n e k i l o g r a m c y g b

7. Nouns: people, voyage, buoy Verbs: employ, boycott, annoy Adjectives: royal, agile, moist

Sa m
e i d i o r e t s a z p h z v s n k b v e l b a t e g e v q t g v u n c b t d e m p l o y r e v o i c e e l p o e p y c o v v y y o n n a e y z m a h y f f u e l h o l a v o r g o e y o u b e f i l u i o j e i l e n n u t g s s s p f n n c y o c e d a v e t s i o h i e

2. coming, voice, enjoy, noise, employ, invoice, convoy

6. (a) (b) (c) (d)

coming or convoy puzzle hoist kilometre

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4. We have no choice but to employ more staff to accompany the royal convoy of yachts on their long voyage to Australia. They are going to enjoy the celebrations at the beginning and end of the trip. 5. (a) asteroid, kilometre, destroy (b) voice, buoy (c) boycott, People (d) agile, hoist

9. Teacher check 10. (a) puzzled, puzzling, puzzlement (b) jewellery, jewelled, jewelling (c) appointed, appointing, appointment (d) enjoyed, enjoying, enjoyment, enjoyable

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 12
List Words firmly thirsty virus confirm thirty urchin burst urban urgent further purpose burnt modern quarter remember early earthquake heard search hearse sincerely library Revision Words outline outfit untie unaware overall overheard underneath underground Edinburgh London outfits unties, untying, untied unawares overalls overheads — — Edinburgher, Edinburghers Londoner, Londoners Word Building firm, firmer, firmest, firms, firmness thirst, thirsts, thirstier, thirstiest, thirstiness, thirstily viruses, viral confirms, confirming, confirmed, confirmation thirties, thirtieth, thirtieths urchins bursts, bursting urbanise/urbanize, urbanises/ urbanizes, urbanising/urbanizing, urbanised/urbanized, urbanisation/ urbanization, urbanism, urbanist urgently, urgency, urgencies furthers, furthering, furthered, furthest, furthermore purposes, purposely, purposefully, purposeless, purposelessly burn, burns, burned, burning, burner modernly, modernness, modernity, modern-day quarters, quartered, quartering, quarterly, quarterlies remembers, remembered, remembering, remembrance earlier, earliest, earliness earthquakes hear, hears, hearing

ir, ur, er, ear
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘ir’, ‘ur’, ‘er’ and ‘ear’ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘sincerely’ and ‘library’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Identify any difficult parts of words. • Sort the list words to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. • To make the plural of words ending with ‘y’ after a consonant, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘es’. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix.

searches, searched, searching, searcher, searchable, searchlight sincere, sincerity

libraries, librarian, librarians Word Building outlines, outlining, outlined

62

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hearses

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Dictation
1. They needed urgent medical supplies as the earthquake had lasted thirty minutes and all the modern buildings had collapsed or burnt down. 2. They could confirm that about 400 people, a quarter of the population, were missing so the search goes on. Early today they found a further two people alive but a hearse was taking away many dead bodies. 3. ‘My purpose in coming to this library is to read in silence so be quiet’, said a lady firmly, who heard my brother burst the balloon. 4. I was an urchin in the city which suffered from urban decay and I remember being thirsty most of the time and sick with a virus. Now I sincerely thank my adoptive parents for taking me in.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e

ir, ur, er, ear

Unit 12

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) urgently thirstily firmly purposely quarterly library burnt hearse thirty purpose urchin virus quarter early confirm urgent burst search remember

3. Across 1. burst 8. firmly 10. search 12. burnt 13. earthquake 16. quarter 18. thirsty 19. modern 20. confirm 21. early

Down 2. thirty 3. hearse 4. further 5. virus 6. purpose 7. urgent 9. library 10. sincerely 11. urban 14. remember 15. heard 17. urchin

6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) 7. (a) (b) (c) (d)

firmly sincerely urgent underneath early remember outline overhead untie burnt confirm overall

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earthquake overhead outline underground

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5. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

hearse underground Edinburgh untie, outfit urchin underneath

9. (a) outline, further (b) overall, hearse (c) firmly, burnt (d) London, urchin 10. Teacher check

pl e

4. (a) I must remember to get up early in the morning to meet my friends for football. (b) I sincerely hope the thirty people injured in the earthquake are going to be fine. (c) There has been an urgent request to search for the missing child, who will by now, be hungry and thirsty.

8. o v e r h e a d n g v e a r
o t t m a r y t r i h t a y w o v u i g e e e o s g m j l l x h e n s f h s d h r r g l y m c o r a i h t p r u t u u b e r u j a w n l l u b a t r t b a i n q l a c c g n o n e c u e v f d u l r e l i e r i f h s f o n e a y e r d i u q e e i x r u l r r g k E b b b p a b n a o t b n t f a l m n h r t y m r j l t e e q c y k c d v a c g e k i n a r p u r p o s e i r r s m n e t m i b y u m y b e r y t y e g h o m t r L o n d o n u j a y r b d

l m b n q e n t h i r s t y u p e

y a h t u u e a r t h q u a k e r

n x h s b s c o n f i r m c g k n

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

63

Unit 13
List Words prayer wellingtons season umbrella forgive seedlings shower died gardener nurture shoots palms soldier crucify prune weather religion celebrate thunderstorm lightning eighth truly Revision Words garden puddle flowers foal crown rainbow springtime worship point letter puddles flower, flowering, flowered, flowery foals, foaling, foaled crowns, crowning, crowned rainbows springtimes worships, worshipping, worshipped, worshipper, worshippers points, pointing, pointed, pointedly, pointer, pointers, pointless, pointlessly, point-blank letters, letter box, letter boxes, lettering Word Building prayers, prayerful, prayerfully, prayerfulness, pray, prays, praying, prayed — seasons, seasonal umbrellas forgives, forgave, forgiven, forgivable, forgivably, forgiver seedling, seed, seeding, seeded, seedless showers, showering, showered, showery die, dies, dead, deadness, deadly, death gardeners, garden, gardens, gardening, gardened nurtures, nurturing, nurtured, nurturer shoot, shooting, shot palm, palming, palmed soldiers, soldiering, soldiered, soldierly crucifies, crucifying, crucified, crucifier prunes, pruning, pruned, prunable, pruner

Spring/Easter
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on spring words. This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘eighth’ and ‘truly’.

Teaching Points
• Identify difficult parts of words. • Discuss ways to remember how to spell a word. • Brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Dictation
1. Spring is the season when you have to prune all the roses, plant new seedlings and nurture any new shoots. 2. After the thunderstorm the weather got worse and we were truly afraid of the lightning. Without an umbrella or wellingtons we had no protection from the heavy shower of rain. 3. People of the same religion often say a prayer together when they celebrate an occasion. 4. When our gardener died he had a military funeral as he used to be a soldier. 5. The eighth scene of the play is where they crucify Jesus by nailing his palms to a cross and it makes it difficult to forgive or forget.

true, trues, trueing, trued, trueness, truer, truest Word Building gardens, gardening, gardener, gardeners

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eighths, eight, eighty, eighties

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weathers, weathering, weathered, weatherperson, weatherman, weatherproof, weatherworn religions, religious, religiousness, religionless celebrates, celebrating, celebrated, celebration, celebrations, celebrator, celebratory thunderstorms, thunder, thunders, thundering, thundered

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My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Sa m

pl e

Spring/Easter

Unit 13

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) celebrate shower prune crucify soldier season weather seedlings prayer thunderstorm forgive gardener Any two of: wellingtons, shower, weather 2. Across 3. season 4. died 5. prayer 7. wellingtons 8. shoots 11. truly 13. religion 16. nurture 17. seedlings 18. crucify 19. thunderstorm

4. springtime, weather, thunderstorm, lightning, shower, rainbow, wellingtons, umbrella, puddle, garden 5. (a) nutrition (b) death (c) crucifixion (d) celebration 6. Any four of: palms, prune, season, point, nurture, letter 7. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) grown flagship elbow paella horrify

9.Teacher check 10.Teacher check

8. See word search

Sa m
h o k d b e w s i d w r s r q p t r u l y g a r d e n e k p e t r i g w a r d e n c e f r h o z u s e g l n d o d i u g p i l l z e i r t h b g n u c b s e z e p o i n t i l f u a n t w s k i a n a k e i e r a s h o w e r l r g e j c l d t o n a g e s c r n l e e

in g ew

Down 1. shower 2. gardener 5. palms 6. eighth 7. weather 9. celebrate 10. lightning 12. umbrella 14. prune 15. forgive 17. soldier

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pl e
a s e a s o n l h t q i o e g r t w g e s u t e w e p a l m s u p w t t o f t r i s s a w o t h b o r g k m h e o y m s m h g j l r g r l u c s m n r e a r t k i n d u i a f t w s n l a o f p i n l t j r p l i r o e l l e i u d r e n m r c d g c n q u a r b k g r e w a z y g y b o e i o e e i k x e m w z v w s p h e r u x a e n
65

3. (a) As I said a prayer, I was truly sorry to see such a young soldier go to war. (b) This season the gardener tried to nurture the seedlings, but they died because of the frost.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

Unit 14
List Words prefix prevent precise prepare predict microchip microscope microphone microfilm microbe barren woollen wooden lengthen strengthen amazement treatment department excitement agreement escape none Revision Words careless breathless cleanliness happiness business lovely lonely quietly kind engage
66

pre, micro, en, ment
Word Building prefixes prevents, preventing, prevented, preventer, prevention, preventable, preventative precisely, precision prepares, preparing, prepared, preparer, preparation, preparedness predicts, predicting, predicted, prediction, predictor, predictable, predictability microchips microscopes microphones microfilms microbes, microbic, microbiology, microbiologist, microbiological barrenness, barrenly wool, wools, woolly, woollier, woolliest

Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the prefixes ‘pre’, ‘micro’ and the suffixes ‘en’ and ‘ment’. This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘escape’ and ‘none’.

Teaching Points
• Discuss the meaning of each prefix and suffix. • Identify the base word for each list word where appropriate. • Identify any smaller words that make up each word. • Sort the list words to the prefixes and suffixes. Brainstorm to add to each list.

treats, treating, treated, treatable

care, cares, cared, caring, carelessly, careful, carefully, carer, carers breathe, breathes, breathing, breathed, breathlessly, breathlessness, breath, breaths, breathtaking clean, cleaner, cleanest, cleans, cleaning, cleaned, cleanly, cleaner, cleanse, cleanses, cleansing, cleansed happy, happier, happiest, happily, happy-go-lucky businesses, businessman, businesswoman, businesslike lovelier, loveliest, loveliness lonelier, loneliest, loneliness, lone, loner, loners, lonesome quiet, quieter, quietest, quieten, quietens, quietening, quietened kinds, kinder, kindest, kindly, kindness engages, engaging, engaged, engagement, engagements

Vi

departments, departmental, departmentally, departmentalise/ departmentalize, departmentalism excite, excites, exciting, excited, excitingly, excitable, excitably agreements, agree, agrees, agreeing, agreed, agreeable, agreeably escapes, escaping, escaped, escapee, escapees, escapism, escapist

in g

wood, woods, wooded, wooden, woodenness, woody, woodier, woodiest length, lengthens, lengthening, lengthened, lengthy, lengthier, lengthiest strength, strengthens, strengthening, strengthened, strengthener amaze, amazes, amazing, amazed, amazingly, amazedly, amazedness

ew

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Word Building

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

pl e
Dictation

Rules

• To make words that end in ‘x’ plural, ‘es’ is added. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. • To make the plural of words ending with ‘y’ after a consonant, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘es’. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix.

1. ‘What three letter prefix can you put in front of believe?’ ‘None’, he said. ‘Dis’ said Tom. ‘So is micro a prefix as in microchip and microfilm?’ 2. We had to lengthen the rope if we were to escape from the tenth floor, then we had to strengthen the knot and descend slowly, but to our amazement we all got free. 3. With great excitement the scientist discovered the microbe under the microscope, which was the precise cause of the disease, so they could predict medical treatment and try to prevent a further outbreak. 4. On a barren island in the North Sea, in a small wooden hut, we study the climate and keep warm with layers of woollen jumpers. 5. The English department asked our class to prepare a speech which, if everyone was in agreement, I was to deliver to 400 people using a microphone.

pre, micro, en, ment

Unit 14

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) escape microphone department microbe prefix predict Any one of: microphone, none microchip lengthen department wooden microscope precise microphone prepare treatment strengthen excitement predict

4. (a) en – woollen, wooden (b) pre – prefix, prevent, predict (c) ment – amazement, treatment, department, excitement, agreement (d) micro – microchip, microscope, microphone, microfilm, microbe 5. (a) engages, engaged, engagement (b) prefixes (c) loneliness (d) strengthens, strengthened (e) predicts, predicted, prediction (f) kindness 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) 7. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) clean treat love length film agree breath wool quiet wood

8. t s q l g w o j m x l e v t n z b n d
d m h a p p i n e s s t c i d e r p d n i k r n i n e h t g n e r t s l n m l d e p t h x g n e h t g n e l t i q p v w r e c a r e l e s s s m n c t i e n e l l o o w n x b j i i e r n q n b a l n e r a p e r p c c m o e e t a t k l e q c f m e s e r t s m g b r m m l u d l i e a f r o r c e r k r e q i h l o y m t n p p a o t l w e n e t r m v o o h a b h p p i o c n t l u o w e a w l e u o e e c n b l i n o n e l n r e s s n d o x e y c o v n k r y y c s c i e p j e l a a m a z e m e n t s a n o p r n y y e e g a g n e k t q p e e s s e n i l n a e l c l h h a e s t u m v f l t m a g r e e m e n t s t n i z e i u o m i c r o f i l m k m w m m g u x f n l z s m i c r o b e

3. Across 3. microbe 5. strengthen 8. escape 10. microchip 11. amazement 12. treatment 16. precise 17. prevent 19. predict 20. woollen 21. barren

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quietly lengthen prevent none happiness excitement barren kind precise strengthen

9. (a) microchip, department, prefix (also: kind, escape) (b) engage, escape, lengthen (c) lovely, kind, precise

Down 1. excitement 2. microscope 3. microphone 4. prefix 6. none 7. department 9. prepare 13. agreement 14. microfilm 15. lengthen 18. wooden

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Unit 15
List Words rough cough tough laugh enough trough draught roughcast paragraph graph photograph orphan nephew atmosphere elephant phrase autograph alphabet dolphin phobia August November Revision Words adopt except built adult difficult craft swift left Rome Paris Word Building roughly, roughen, roughens, roughening, roughened, rougher, roughest, roughness coughs, coughing, coughed, cougher toughly, toughen, toughens, toughening, toughened, tougher, toughest, toughness laughs, laughing, laughed, laughter, laughable, laughably, laughingly — troughs, troughlike draughts, draughty, draughtier, draughtiest, draughtiness roughcasts, roughcasting, roughcaster paragraphs, paragraphing, paragraphed, paragrapher, paragraphist, paragraphic graphs, graphing, graphed photographs, photographing, photographed, photographer, photographic orphans, orphaned, orphanage, orphanhood nephews atmospheres, atmospheric, atmospherical, atmospherically elephants, elephantoid, elephantine, elephantiasis phrases, phrasing, phrased

gh, ph
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘gh’ and ‘ph’ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘August’ and ‘November’.

Teaching Points
• Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. • Discuss how the grapheme ‘gh’ is preceded by the letters ‘ou’ or ‘au’. • Identify any difficult parts of the words. • Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. • The ‘y’ is retained at the end of base words before adding ‘ing’ to avoid ‘ii’ being written.

alphabets, alphabetical, alphabetically dolphins Augusts phobias, phobic Novembers

adopts, adopting, adopted, adoption exception, exceptions, exceptional, exceptionally build, builds, building, buildings, builder, builders adults, adulthood, adulty difficulty, difficulties crafts, crafted, crafting, crafty swifter, swiftest, swiftly, swiftness leave, leaves, leaving Roman, Romans Parisian, Parisians

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Dictation
1. My nephew had a phobia about animals but since he was cured of his fear he has swam with a dolphin, sat upon an elephant and every day he strokes the horses as they drink from the trough in the field. 2. The atmosphere quickly changed when the teacher came back in and shouted, ‘That is enough! I don’t want to hear anyone laugh or even cough and if I do that person will have to stand and recite the alphabet backwards.’ 3. The author signed his autograph on my book, then read aloud the paragraph which described how he had become an orphan after the crash, and how for the months following he would just sit looking at the photograph of his parents. 4. The weather graph showed that August was the sunniest month last year and November was the wettest. 5. While doing my homework my mum’s favourite phrase is ‘When the going gets rough the tough get going’ and it does make me work harder. 6. The classroom is warmer now that the builders have roughcast the outside walls as you can no longer feel that cold draught.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

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gh, ph

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Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) (m) (n) enough phobia August elephant autograph phrase nephew atmosphere roughcast laugh paragraph cough alphabet draught

(b) We had such a laugh at the photograph of her nephew in Rome. (c) Not enough is being done to prevent pollution of the atmosphere. 6. built, August, laugh adult 7. (a) roughage, orphanage (b) trough (c) elephant, dolphin (d) alphabet (e) Rome 8. a l p h a b e t c r e b m e v o N n g e s c v x p n l f e v n f j h u a s w i f t f h i k a l o b d p t i e p o r w i d o h w g u u A a l b c s g e a f s a t p m g i u r u o r p h a n P e a h o l h l g g d h h p h b c g h p a r g o t u a a p e p g v d m o j h t e r d s r

9. (a) swift, shift, shirt, shire, share (b) left, lift, life, live, give (c) Rome, rope, role, rile, file 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) phobic toughness photographic roughness graphic atmospheric

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g n h y u e r e h p s o m t a t a v t n a a k z n a t t d o w p p p e f r d l w l r h x h u l e c j h d a f o n e g g t k g g c o l j f

2. Teacher check 3. Across 1. dolphin 4. rough 5. November 6. laugh 7. autograph 10. nephew 12. orphan 14. atmosphere 15. paragraph 16. cough 17. alphabet 18. tough 20. roughcast 21. enough

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i r n p f d u z r h z x u b l r n i c R t n a h p e l e g z o s j g h g u o r q t s a c h g u o r y e k u i d m a f d i f f i c u l t g n z y r y e e d p h r a s e q a e
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Down 2. phobia 3. trough 8. photograph 9. draught 11. elephant 13. phrase 14. August 19. graph
4. Teacher check

5. (a) It was so difficult for the elephant calf when he became an orphan.

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Unit 16
List Words lottery robbery mystery ability academy bravery cavity monkey honey lotteries robberies, rob, robs, robbing, robbed, robber, robbers mysteries, mysterious, mysteriously, mysteriousness abilities academies, academic, academics, academically braveries, brave, braver, bravest, bravely, braveness cavities monkeys honeycomb, honeycombs, honeyeater, honeyeaters, honeymoon, honeymoons, honeysuckle monies, moneybags, moneyed, moneylender, moneylenders, moneylending, moneymaker, moneymaking trolleys, trolleybus, trolleybuses, trolleyed, trolleying journeys, journeying, journeyed — — bikinis skis, skiing, skied, skier, skiers — — Word Building

y, ey, i, uay
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the graphemes ‘y’, ‘ey’, ‘i’, and ‘uay’ to represent a sound (phoneme). This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘frighten’ and ‘close’.

Teaching Points
• • • • Identify the phoneme and how it is represented. Discuss how each word has a long ‘e’ sound. Identify any difficult parts of the words. Sort the list words according to the graphemes and brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Rules
• To make the plural of words ending with ‘y’ after a consonant, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘es’. (Monies is an exception) • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • Note: The ‘y’ is usually retained when adding ‘ing’ to avoid ‘ii’ being written, but taxiing and skiing are exceptions.

money trolley journey macaroni confetti bikini ski taxi spaghetti khaki quay frighten close Revision Words happily angrily easily worried married supplied bullies parties litre busy

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quays, quayage, quayside

frightener, frightened, frightening, frightful, frightfully, fright, frights closes, closing, closed, closer, closest, closely, closeness happy, happier, happiest, happiness angry, angrier, angriest, anger, angers, angering, angered easy, easier, easiest worry, worries, worrying marry, marries, marrying, marriage, marriages supply, supplies, supplying, supplier, suppliers bully, bullying, bullied party litres busier, busiest, busies, busying, busied, busily

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Dictation
1. Do you believe that 24 adults have fitted into one taxi, a journey across America was done by a man pushing a shopping trolley and 700 people joined hands and jumped from a quay into the sea? 2. The police were baffled by the robbery at the naval academy but the mystery was solved as the thief was caught on camera and it showed a monkey who had the ability to squeeze through a ten inch cavity in the wall and steal the money. 3. As they had not won the lottery it was a simple military wedding where the bride and groom wore khaki outfits and after being covered in confetti they sat down to a meal of spaghetti Bolognese or macaroni cheese and then a cake covered with sweet honey. 4. She was only wearing a bikini when she fell in the water after losing a ski. It did frighten her when she saw how close the shark was but she showed great bravery in staying completely still.

My Spelling Workbook E Teachers Guide—Prim-Ed Publishing—www.prim-ed.com

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y, ey, i, uay

Unit 16

Answers
1.Teacher check 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) close bravery married frighten ability busy

(d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

journey monkey bikini robbery mystery, academy honey, money ability, cavity supplied, khaki mystery, robbery easily, cavity happily, confetti taxi, quay bullies, money

9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 10. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

litre easily bikini khaki busy honey busybody quayside close-down honeydew skimobile moneylender taximeter trolleybus

4. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h)

journeys lotteries mysteries skis trolleys abilities taxis robberies

5. (a) spaghetti (b) macaroni (c) frighten

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Down 1. khaki 2. close 3. confetti 4. bikini 9. honey 10. academy 12. journey 14. lottery 15. quay 16. mystery

8. h n n h a c w y r e v a r b s v s

p w l j d y e l l o r t r y a u q

a s v o e w x i t t e h g a p s m

i e k u i y y j y e k n o m s s a

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c k h r r l l p s h p y r u p y r o g s n r i f s a a t o p b l e r n i v e o p z k f i b p a i f n i f v n y w p i b l b l a r k q o e e e c o t a x i e i d g t i i m d t t o z r h b r e c n o i n q z b t y i a a a y d y a h b e i e y u

3. Across 5. macaroni 6. trolley 7. ski 8. frighten 11. spaghetti 13. ability 17. taxi 18. cavity 19. money 20. robbery 21. bravery 22. monkey

7. (a) honey, money, monkey (b) busy (c) khaki, spaghetti (d) worried, married (e) mystery

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Unit 17
List Words signal removal arrival musical festival electrical personal abolish astonish nourish foolish childish breakage wastage postage drainage hardship friendship championship membership ninety hundred Revision Words explore chore poor door boarder roar pour fourth Italy Switzerland
72

al, ish, age, ship
Word Building signals, signalling, signalled, signaller, signallers removals, remove, removes, removing, removed, removable, remover, removers arrivals, arrive, arrives, arriving, arrived, arriver musicals, music, musically, musician, musicians, musicality festivals, festive, festively, festiveness, festivity, festivities electricals, electric, electrically, electricity, electronic, electrify, electrified, electrifying person, persons, personable, personality, personalities, personally abolishes, abolishing, abolished, abolishable, abolisher, abolishment astonishes, astonishing, astonished, astonishingly nourishes, nourishing, nourished, nourisher, nourishment foolishly, foolishness childishly, childishness, child, children, childlike, childless, childlessness, childproof, childbirth, childminder break, breaks, broke, broken, breaking, breakable, breakability, breakdown waste, wastes, wasting, wasted, wasteful, wastefully, wastefulness, wastepaper drain, drains, draining, drained, drainer, drainable, drainpipe, drainpipes hardships, hard, harder, hardest, harden friendships, friend, friends, friendly, friendlier, friendliest, friendliness, unfriendly championships, champion, champions, championing, championed memberships, member, members, membered nineties, ninetieth, ninetieths hundreds, hundredth, hundredths, hundredfold, hundredweight, hundredweights Word Building explores, exploring, explored, exploration, exploratory, explorer chores poorer, poorest, poorly doors, doorway, doorways boarders, board, boards, boarding, boarded roars, roaring, roared pours, pouring, poured four, fours, fourteen, fourteenth Italian, Italians Swiss

Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on the suffixes ‘al’, ‘ish’, ‘age’, and ‘ship’. This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘ninety’ and ‘hundred’.

Teaching Points
• Discuss the meaning of each suffix. • Identify the base word for each list word where appropriate. • Identify any smaller words that make up each word. • Sort the list words according to the prefixes. (Brainstorm to add to each list.)

Rules
• When a word ends with a single ‘l’, double the ‘l’ when a suffix beginning with a vowel is added. • When adding a suffix beginning with a vowel to most words ending with ‘e’, the ‘e’ is dropped before adding the suffix. • To make the plural of words ending with ‘y’ after a consonant, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add ‘es’. • The ‘y’ at the end of base words changes to ‘i’ when a suffix is added. The ‘y’ is retained when adding ‘ing’ to avoid ‘ii’.

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post, posts, posting, posted, postal, postbox, postboxes

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Dictation

1. At the open-air musical festival the police ordered the removal of all the campers to the next field as the traffic signal system was not working due to an electrical fault in an overhead cable at our campsite. 2. After their government had to abolish taxes, I could see the severe hardship suffered by the poor people. They had no running water, no drainage system and not enough food to nourish them so their only hope was the arrival of foreign aid. 3. My dad gave me an invoice: £30 for the breakage of a vase; £20 for the wastage of electricity and £5 for the postage stamps. However it did astonish him that I knew that he had spent a hundred pounds a month for a personal membership to a golf club and ninety pounds on a ticket to see the championship golf match, so I didn’t have to pay and Mum will never know. 4. Our friendship didn’t last long as I could no longer bear his foolish behaviour and childish remarks.

al, ish, age, ship

Unit 17

Answers
1. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) (k) (l) 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) festival membership postage astonish arrival personal abolish championship drainage removal nourish childish sign friend nine fool music waste

(b) ship – hardship, friendship, championship, membership (c) ish – abolish, astonish, nourish, foolish, childish (d) age – breakage, wastage, postage, drainage 5. (a) The removal of the lights signal lots of traffic jams over the next few days. (b) It’s going to be a massive chore to find the electrical fault. (c) It will astonish you to see who is about to walk through the door. 6. (a) hundred, musical, festival, Switzerland (b) personal, fourth, championship, Italy hunted Italian implore abolition soar nineteen

8. h s i d l i h c w a s h t r u o f h s i l o o f f e s t i v a l x x f e d n a l r e z t i w S u r t y r g e m p i h s n o i p m a h c q i a g t h n y o b n f r h r k m b e n a c u i s v n i b d a e h e n n i t i n n i e d s p d r m s m o d a s t d e g l e h b o d o i b u s r a l r t n l a r h o s v l e r h d w a e y a l b c o r h a o r i i j o n d c l t t h i l i l b s s p r n o i b o a r d e r p r a h h z l p s p k k l j x z s t x w i v r c u r u o p y a g i z b c e p a y m v e k i o e g a t s o p e i u b z n p w a r r i v a l b g y l r w w y r e g a k a e r b s t h o e

Down 2. electrical 4. signal 5. nourish 6. personal 8. championship 9. hardship 11. membership 12. wastage 13. musical 15. drainage 16. foolish
4. (a) al – signal, removal, arrival, musical, festival, electrical, personal

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3.Across 1. breakage 3. astonish 5. ninety 6. postage 7. removal 8. childish 10. arrival 14. hundred 17. festival 18. abolish 19. friendship

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9. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

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Unit 18
List Words octopus squid shark whale snorkel pilot suitcase customs ocean scuba fishing pier depth lighthouse smuggler coastguard security sunglasses oxygen swimsuit Australia Greece Revision Words circus umbrella charcoal steak barbecue jeans castle racket Moscow Berlin circuses umbrellas — steaks barbecues, barbecuing, barbecued — castles rackets or racquet, racquets Muscovite, Muscovites Berliner, Berliners squids sharks, sharking, sharked whales, whaling, whaled, whaler, whaleboat, whaleboats, whalebone, whalebones, whaleback snorkel, snorkelling, snorkelled, snorkeller pilots, piloting, piloted, pilotless suitcases — oceans, oceanarium, oceanariums, oceanfront, oceangoing, oceanographer, oceanography, oceanic scubas fish, fishes, fished piers depths, deep, deeper, deepest, deepness lighthouses smugglers, smuggle, smuggling, smuggled coastguards securities, secure, secures, securing, secured, securable, securely, securement, secureness, securer — oxygenate, oxygenates, oxygenating, oxygenated, oxygenic swimsuits Australian, Australians Word Building octopuses, octopi

Summer Holidays
Unit Focus
• This unit focuses on summer words. This unit also includes two common, high frequency words, ‘Australia’ and ‘Greece’.

Teaching Points
• Identify difficult parts of words. • Discuss ways to remember how to spell a word. • Brainstorm other words to add to each list.

Dictation
1. Wearing a wetsuit and an aqualung full of oxygen and nitrogen, we went scuba diving down to a depth of 30 feet and swam close to an octopus, a squid and a dolphin, but for security we carried a knife in case we met a shark. 2. We were flying into Sydney in Australia when the pilot told us to look out of the window as there was a huge whale down below in the ocean. 3. They knew they had to catch the smuggler so the police, the coastguard and a customs officer stayed all night at the lighthouse and caught him in his boat with a suitcase filled with 30 bottles of rum from Greece. 4. I was swimming along using flippers and a snorkel when a hook caught my swimsuit and I was dragged back towards the old man who was fishing from the pier and as he jumped back in amazement his sunglasses fell off.

Greek, Greeks, Grecian, Grecians Word Building

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Summer Holidays

Unit 18

Answers
1. (a) suitcase, security, swimsuit (b) octopus (c) smuggler (d) fishing (e) snorkel (f) suitcase, coastguard, sunglasses 2. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) (h) (i) (j) sunbeam coastline lightweight sunset sunbathe highlight sunburn sunblock daylight sunlight

4. (a) The ship’s pilot followed the beam from the lighthouse to reach the security of the port. (b) Make sure you pack a swimsuit and snorkel so I can explore the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. 5. Moscow, smuggler, castle, racket, coastguard, scuba, fishing, squid, octopus 6. (a) (b) (c) (d) oxygen circus Australia fishing

9. Teacher check 10. shark

3. Across 4. oxygen 6. pilot 7. Greece 8. depth 9. squid 10. ocean 11. customs 15. sunglasses 16. scuba 17. Australia

7. charcoal, castle, shark, ocean, snorkel, steak, racket 8. See word search

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b a r b e c u e d n s c i s a g u m b r e l l a m e a t n s v m c n a g l i G h t h o u s e r e e f t u t u x e r s t e a k c a g c p c B e r l l n i x r M d s a c t z f a o i j n o k n e e l m c w t s q s s w x w x o g y u n c k y k h l q r f t o c o t t w i e t f o f q w l f v m j b l h y i f h t c u t s s s u t n p o o o m r t s k c e o l r y t e e c o u s m y p p k l r l x l l j v e c s i c n a x k f d a w c e a v y h r y v y j s p h r w f a d r a u g t s a o c s h a r k b A l e a o n f i s h l n g u e v s l e j d i m o l y u z d p y d d a c g i g s u l z s e j r c a e p c v i k p

Down 1. coastguard 2. lighthouse 3. smuggler 4. octopus 5. fishing 6. pier 9. snorkel 12. suitcase 13. swimsuit 14. whale 15. security 16. shark

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Workbook Pages

Contents
Teachers Notes for each unit – student workbook units are set over a four page spread. Unit 1 – Hard and Soft ‘g’.........................................78–81 Unit 2 – Silent Letters ...............................................82–85 Unit 3 – ie, ei..........................................................86–89 Unit 4 – ay, ey, ai, a, eigh, aigh, ei ...........................90–93 Unit 5 – Prefixes: inter–, dis–, re–, sub– ....................94–97 Unit 6 – Different Pronunciations ‘ch’ .......................98–101 Unit 7 – Christmas ..............................................102–105 Unit 9 – ow, o, oe, ough ......................................110–113 Unit 10 – a–e, e–e, u–e, i–e, o–e..........................114–117 Unit 11 – oi, oy, uoy ...........................................118–121 Unit 8 – ck, ic .....................................................106–109

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Unit 12 – ir, ur, er, ear ........................................122–125 Unit 13 – Spring/Easter ........................................126–129 Unit 14 – pre, micro, en, ment..............................130–133 Unit 15 – gh, ph .................................................134–137 Unit 16 – y, ey, i, uay ..........................................138–141 Unit 18 – Summer Holidays .................................146–149

Unit 17 – al, ish, age, ship ..................................142–145

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Book A List Words
can man ran pan sad bad dad had the of pet met set wet am ham jam ram to by bells red star fun cake Santa tag tree did got win fin bin tin sip tip lip zip is you cot hot dot pot bit pit sit it that if

Unit 1

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my by fly sky mop top hop pop for on

see been weed seed meet need feed seen yes saw

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moon room hood zoo all call ball small this have

hug rug bug mug jug bag rag wag put was

mix six box fox cut hut but nut are as

we me he she be bed wed fed with his

ant bee bud bug dig fog frog sun ask here

Unit 5 Unit 10 Unit 15

leg beg peg hen ten men pen den they no

Unit 6

Unit 7

Unit 8

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and sand band hand end lend send bend from want

Unit 9

cap map car hat fun run ball net also one

Unit 11

Unit 12

Unit 13

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Book B List Words
Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5
ship shop shut sheep shin short ash brush dish fresh wish rash one only chip chin chant chest chum such torch rich lunch arch punch church two three them then those these both tooth path bath l’m l’ll l’ve it’s four five about around house mouse now down how brown what when why where May many gave take make came made like ride kite time mime crime mine her come

Unit 6 Unit 12 Unit 18

shoe

chop

than

out

save

woke home bone note rose cone vote June tune use cube tube cute seven eight

Unit 7

Unit 8

Unit 9

Unit 10

king Santa carrot happy toys tinsel baby carol sing cards food gold more any

drip drop grip grab grim trip try trim bring brave crab crash back give

stop stand step start

skin skid skirt spit

Unit 11

sweets

drum

stamp

pl e
skip spell spin spot spark swim swing sweep swell good who girl first third twirl hurt turn burn surf paper never over under Friday Thursday

went spent rent ant pant grant damp lamp ramp camp jump bump lump some has

meat teach reach beat seat dear hear fear heat steep keep sleep sheet would pupil

stone stem nest rest best cost lost nine help

Unit 13

Unit 14

Unit 15

Unit 16

eggs born thorn bunny basket flower park plant cross raindrop spring warm thirteen Monday

hang sang song along belong wing king ring thing being hung sung old their

day stay clay pay ray mail stain pain sail tail wait train Tuesday Wednesday

Unit 17

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moan coat loaf float soap load grow show tow below own crow slow Saturday Sunday

bike fish shells bucket spade camp wave tent site sea seagull seaweed sand him number

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Book C List Words
Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Unit 12 Unit 18
blew chew grew crew few glue due clue blue bathroom bedroom broomstick spoon traffic comic picnic should work love above oven cover mother brother another other Monday front onion back trick brick shock luck Ireland March think thank sunk plank fine alive line reply supply apply fried tried cried high sigh right while which still smell skull stall across dress glass miss jazz buzz fizz dizzy cuff staff cliff stuff yesterday April bottle little battle rattle middle riddle paddle buckle ankle eagle apple needle able rectangle single jungle part twelve scrap scrape scrub scream screen spray spread sprain sprint sprout stripe strap straw street strong stream live usual

pl e
Unit 11
page huge cage bandage bridge badge hedge judge bench branch crunch wrench match watch catch please February stage

Unit 7

Unit 8

Unit 9

Unit 10

cracker lights birth stocking snowflakes Advent Dasher December balloon greetings holiday donkey Jesus Christmas Donner shopping minute month

quit quiet quite liquid queen question quack quilt quake squad squash squeak squirt squeal squirm square oil during

told older folder golden scold coldest boldest goldfish kindest remind behind find mind wind blind

twice price spice slice rice

yourself himself herself myself outside inside offside seaside someone something sometimes somebody everyone everything everybody everywhere centimetre metre

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grind again name

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ice-cream advice mice ace disgrace trace space place race face January because voice

Unit 13

Unit 14

Unit 15

Unit 16

Unit 17

Easter bonnet cloud crocus grass green fresh buttercup butterfly digging dragonfly Christ bluebird pray death ladybird eighteen seventeen

weren’t l’d won’t we’ve they’ve what’s that’s there’s you’re hasn’t you’ve we’re she’s you’ll they’d they’re Wales Scotland

draw straw law claw soar board oar roar sore tore more score stalk walk talk chalk today year

war warrior warp warning ward wardrobe warn warmth swarm dwarf award warden towards warren reward warlock fortnight second

comb lamb dumb numb crumb wrap wreck write wrong honest ghost hour know knight knife knot tomorrow England

plane atlas boat crab passport rock flipflops beach flight ticket runway landing pool hotel salty uniform said there

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Book D List Words
visitor doctor error sailor spectator water number lower sister better eleven opened broken hidden suddenly lesson reason person poison cotton read goes snow gift family chimney tinsel snowman party winter elves candles frost angel stable concert reindeer birth jingle crowds holy jolly ours theirs chick garden crown rabbit flowers flowerbed heaven daisy hatch rainbow raincoat tomb puddle foal meadow springtime windy daffodil splash worship point letter hoof leaf beef scarf elf golf wolf shelf half calf safe wife life oxen geese dice children women teeth feet large does true value argue cue avenue screw flew brew dew drew igloo bamboo proof shampoo kangaroo fruit juice juicy bruise suit millimetre centilitre knuckle knit knee rhyme yoghurt honour loch build written wreath wrist psalm palm calm often listen thistle whistle condemn autumn pretty animal parcel since certain century centipede prince acid calcium cigar circuit pencil stencil cinema circle circumference cylinder cycle cyclone cymbal agency found study crept swept wept kept except adopt erupt fault built consult bolt revolt difficult adult left loft swift shift craft lift Rome Paris fair stair chair hairy airy dairy pair repair despair pushchair dare scare beware glare fare stare care rare spare mare Belfast Dublin didn’t haven’t couldn’t wouldn’t shouldn’t can’t wasn’t aren’t we’d doesn’t they’ll let’s who’d who’s brother-in-law passer-by hanger-on by-law drive-in take-off Europe great happily merrily busily angrily easily cheerily craftily worried married dirtied copied supplied dried applied studies carries parties empties buries bullies litre busy head breakfast deaf steady bread deadly lead tread instead ahead heavy thread threat breath earn breadth earl pearl death earth world clean people angle vegetable simple terrible puzzle agile axle sprinkle assemble travel angel label level towel tunnel novel jewel fuel cancel kilogram kilometre explore score ignore adore shore chore anymore store door moor floor poor uproar roar boar boarder oar fourth court pour Italy Switzerland hotter kinder colder stronger weaker meaner taller greatest smallest softest darkest thickest hardest lightest thinnest cheeriest bounciest bossiest tiniest angriest learn America outdoor outline outbreak outfit outcry undo untie uneven unable unaware overboard overcast overhead overall overbook underage underground understand undercover underneath Edinburgh London barbecue steak sausages charcoal lighter tennis racket prawns salad lakes park caravan jeans jumper shorts sandals castle postcards circus umbrella Moscow Berlin

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helpless harmless careless hopeless needless breathless sadness awareness sickness happiness weakness braveness cleanliness business quietly lonely wisely lovely brightly quickly kind engage

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Book E List Words
gather gutter goodbye gadget figure giant magic energy gentle germ hydrogen charge lounge strange arrange change damage village gym danger near between wrap donkey reunion Santa Claus sauce presents holly enchanting Christmas mistletoe fairy sleigh festival turkey goose sprouts midnight delight pudding ornaments sugar special prayer wellingtons season umbrella forgive seedlings shower died gardener nurture shoots palms soldier crucify prune weather religion celebrate thunderstorm lightning eighth truly handkerchief guest cupboard guitar island climb limb doubt known knock guess young white wraith sign aisle tomb science wrinkle depot horse disc track struck attack packet cricket clock chuckle socket chicken pocket freckle classic volcanic mimic sonic plastic tonic terrific electric heroic upon eye brief thief belief mischief grief relief believe niece field priest calorie cashier piece receive receipt deceive deceit seize weird caffeine biscuit address window follow borrow narrow shadow swallow unknown cargo zero domino bingo bravado tiptoe potatoes tomatoes foe oboe although though dough proportion shuttle display stray relay always alley grey obey survey claim raise afraid operation dictation nature weight freight neighbour straight vein beige morning might grape shape lemonade mistake cashmere complete these athlete flute accuse refuse amuse size mobile alive divide broke spoke globe phone easy fraction lottery robbery mystery ability academy bravery cavity monkey honey money trolley journey macaroni confetti bikini ski taxi spaghetti khaki quay frighten close interest intersect intercept interact interview international disability dislike disagree disappoint disappear return repeat refund revise suburb submarine submerge subject submission interesting modem noise moist hoist choice voice invoice appoint asteroid enjoy decoy convoy boycott deploy royal employ destroy annoy voyage buoy lifebuoy beginning coming torch orchard channel achieve machine chef parachute charade approach coach school choir ache chemist anchor stomach character monarch orchid anarchy Madrid Cardiff firmly thirsty virus confirm thirty urchin burst urban urgent further purpose burnt modern quarter remember early earthquake heard search hearse sincerely library octopus squid shark whale snorkel pilot suitcase customs ocean scuba fishing pier depth lighthouse smuggler coastguard security sunglasses oxygen swimsuit Australia Greece

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Unit 7

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signal removal arrival musical festival electrical personal abolish astonish nourish foolish childish breakage wastage postage drainage hardship friendship championship membership ninety hundred

Vi

prefix prevent precise prepare predict microchip microscope microphone microfilm microbe barren woollen wooden lengthen strengthen amazement treatment department excitement agreement escape none

Unit 13

Unit 14

Unit 15

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Unit 16

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rough cough tough laugh enough trough draught roughcast paragraph graph photograph orphan nephew atmosphere elephant phrase autograph alphabet dolphin phobia August November

Unit 17

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Unit 18

Unit 12

Unit 6

Book F List Words
winner writer partner officer discover centre fibre theatre mirror calculator actor tutor cellar dollar popular particular humour labour harbour flavour diamond definitely bauble ceremony merry artificial celebration cranberry exciting shepherd fireplace television pantomime seasonal chestnuts invitation ribbon skiing skating snowboard sledging Nativity without idea chocolate colourful climate annual calories aroma dying decorate variety temperature yellow buffet confectionery disciples indulge irresistible tempting symbol gorge ritual lettuce onion transport transfer transplant transit transmit telescope telephone teletext telepathy telegraph automatic automation autopsy autobiography autograph automobile antiseptic antidote antibiotic anticlockwise fulfil reference toothache worthwhile eyesight wavelength goosebumps hairstyle lifestyle whiteboard skateboard keyboard guidelines spreadsheet typeset copyright nightmare newspaper supermarket afterwards worldwide therefore computer program author authority dinosaur cause caution astronaut haunted launch applaud exhaust laundry caught taught daughter naughty ought nought thought fought sought preparation accidentally magazine trampoline quarantine engine imagine examine medicine advise promise crevice service favourite definite opposite attractive positive negative explosive expensive detective monitor parallel scissors pyjamas spectacles binoculars goggles pliers species series trousers scales shears tongs salmon deer moose trout athletics aircraft innings tweezers carry surprised barbecue fondue continue tissue rescue analogue duel refuel issue subdue fewer renew skewer mildew viewed viewpoint review beauty beautiful queue body eighty indicate translate hesitate accurate extreme delete scene arrive polite umpire describe decide demote decode choke froze refuge perfume schedule costume scan circulate wrote wretch wrestle answer kneel yolk guide thumb plumber tongue shoulder boulder yacht column knead debt folk guard rhythm wharf emergency accept chase sense release grease purchase increase surface bounce announce ambulance convince fierce tomato fiasco potato piano echo volcano patio ratio multimedia email mushroom monsoon cartoon tablespoon snooze curfew corkscrew withdrew screwdriver coupon wound youth group mousse chop suey gruesome cruise suitable recruit pursuit sixty Africa almost already almighty altogether welcome welfare until instil delightful powerful awful useful careful fearful graceful hopeful skilful thankful watchful wonderful either neither traveller cheque exchange luggage carousel foreign hurricane tsunami typhoon abroad heatwave humidity sultry malaria terminal sweat centigrade thermometer degree mosquito thousand double

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Unit 5

Unit 7

Unit 8

Unit 9

Unit 10

Unit 11

pl e
serious curious envious various ambitious precious conscious suspicious delicious anxious nervous famous jealous dangerous marvellous tremendous fabulous generous enormous numerous picture occurred

Vi

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fashion cushion description collection population multiplication imagination information composition vaccination pension tension extension expression admission discussion concussion permission social official country trouble

Unit 13

Unit 14

Unit 15

in g

available enjoyable comfortable reasonable forgivable flammable remarkable advisable noticeable valuable reversible flexible horrible digestible edible visible sensible audible legible divisible forgotten separate

Unit 16

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Unit 17

Unit 18

Unit 12

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Book G List Words
persuade negotiate appreciate severe persevere fortune consume reduce excuse confuse provide combine organise meanwhile excite erode provoke envelope postpone explode continuous industrial Dancer Prancer anticipating exhausted poinsettia hibernate resolution sacred crackers myrrh frankincense potatoes elderberry roast commercial advertisements tradition decorations indulging programmes technology citizen bouquet nursery ecology migrate crucifixion cultivate sacrifice environment resurrection horticulture propagate insect germinate fertilizer flourish foliage sunshine survival luxurious bountiful agriculture ecosystem imperfect impolite impatient imbalance immature immobile immovable misplace misfortune mislead misunderstand indignity indirect inaccurate invisible incorrect incomplete inadequate independent intolerable consequence development airbrush airstrip airlift airline airtight airborne airmail airspace aerial aerobatics aeroplane aerodrome aerobics aerosol supersede superficial superhuman superimpose superintendent superior prioritise potential anticipate exaggerate cooperate hibernate concrete gangrene obsolete precede ozone chrome decompose glucose advertise juvenile apologise appetite produce abuse solitude magnitude association persuasion Australian Italian Argentinian Iranian Vietnamese Portuguese Japanese Irish English Scottish jeweller builder photographer engineer auctioneer mountaineer scientist pianist dentist pharmacist material assessment azure seizure measure treasure pleasure leisure division decision erosion confusion conclusion transfusion explosion occasion abrasion euthanasia illusion seclusion collision exclusion nuclear immediately dialogue rogue catalogue fatigue league intrigue plague colleague vague disguise guidance guardian guillotine guerilla guarantor guile ghoul ghetto gherkin ghastly feud amateur politician superficial physician electrician mansion expansion profession confession compassion session pressure fissure rotation revolution extinction conservation affection adaptation irrigation invention happened practise dictionary primary ordinary secretary temporary boundary imaginary necessary military hereditary bakery cemetery surgery discovery archery mastery treachery slavery refinery battery government parliament silent talent different evident intelligent president accident incident opponent confident distant vacant important instant migrant tolerant constant pleasant elegant arrogant soldier embarrass bicycle biceps bikini bilingual triangle triplet trilingual quadrangle quadrilateral pentagon pentathlon hexapod heptathlon September octopus October octagon nonagon decade decagon questionnaire alcohol quantity celebrity allergy recipe catastrophe abbreviate guarantee absentee escapee cappuccino quiche amphibian unique orientation retrieve relieve conceit conceive caffeine debris participation outrageous sandwich valentine marmalade pavlova Morse code spoonerism arachnid pasteurise diesel hooligan cardigan volts biro teddy hygiene maverick leotard Braille Celsius python analysis permanent difference silence commence absence independence patience conscience audience convenience experience chance balance distance appearance acceptance entrance substance instance assistance nuisance physical genius hymn solemn design gnash gnarl malign dinghy honour rhinoceros vehicle honesty whisper doubtful guilty couple sword pneumonia raspberry almond knowledge efficient sufficient souvenir abseiling amusements catamaran helicopter tourism repellent navigation satellite security protection inoculation route intercontinental paragliding equator latitude longitude continent casualty technique strategy

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Unit 6

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