Satan as a pagan symbol

This essay will explore the pagan symbolism of Satan. It directly addresses the controversy of why some Satanists identify themselves as pagan. It will trace the origins of Satan back, to the beginning, it may at times address biblical context, but my focus is dedicated to pagan origins and attributes of Satan. There are many reference books which address the birth of Satan. Many of those references will be found throughout this paper. This essay will also explore the differences between Satan, devil and demon. These labels are often interchangeable when discussion the topic of Satanism. There are many books and articles which address the differences between all the types of Satanism, and what is considered the True and Authentic Satanism. This paper will not fall into endless abyss of that pretentious debate. There are many resource books which address the How To or education For Dummies (series reference), this paper is not an instruction manual for would-be Satanists. Satanism, is vast. It is no longer the Satanism from the late 1960's, and has evolved into a variety of philosophical paradigms, and religions. Satanism is, but is not limited to: Humanism,. Atheism, Hedonism, Libertine Philosophy, Objectivism, Human Psychology, Sociology, Luciferianism, Setianism, Asetianism, Theism, Religious, Spiritual, Non-Spiritual, Humanistic, Materialistic, Carnal, Left-handed, Right-handed, and Middle-pillar. In order to truly understand what each Satanists believes and practices, you should engage them in dialogue. It can not be assumed that because a person self-labels as a Satanist, they are either an Atheist or a Devil-worshiper. Things are not so black and white, but often many shades of gray but most often neutral. It would take a small volume library to cover the topic of Satanism properly. I will provide some references at the conclusion of this essay for further research. They are not

Satan as a pagan symbol
the be-all, end-all resources for all things Satanism. Nor, will any one resource define Satanism. I suggest that material from any/all Satanic writers be examined before drawing your conclusions about what is and isn't Satanic. It would also serve you to understand that organizations which are dedicated to Satanic philosophy are not Satanisms themselves. They are simply organizations in place to serve the agenda as put forth by that organization, often published in a mission statement. Satan serves as an allegory, metaphor, and a literal being to Satanists. To determine which Satanists believes what, you have to ask them. I am one Satanist, I do not speak for the whole of Satanism but have studied nearly all the Satanic philosophies out there (new ones pop up all the time) to get a full grasp of what it means to be Satanic outside of my own perspective. I find the topic of Satanism invigorating, and have my own opinions about what it means to be Satanic. This however does not cloud my judgement when tracing Satan back in time, to the beginning. Satanism does not always require worship, but some Satanic philosophies/religions have a strong focus on the worship of external beings. Whether those beings are deity, or something else is completely reliant upon the Satanist's personal beliefs or adherence to an established religion/philosophy. Satanism has a strong focus on study and intellectualism, as many Satanic schools of thought believe in becoming the Super-man, and achieving hyper-intelligence. As such, Elitism is often part of their Satanic paradigm. This does not mean that all Satanists study, or are Elitists. Satanists, are human beings - subject to all the same fallacies as other human beings. They are also emotional and spiritual beings. How the emotional/spiritual is conceptualized is as individual as the person. Satanism often contains dogma, for those that need it but it often rejects it. There is no universal set of laws, rules, or ethics to follow but if a Satanist feels the need for some structure, many Satanic philosophies offer it for consumption and adherence if desired. Satanism is often associated with darkness, all things carnal and sometimes 'evil'. While Satanists enjoy a dark aesthetic, not all Satanists seek this environment. There is no cookie-cutter for a Satanist, though many fit established molds based on cultural influences and sometimes the longing for a sense of 'belonging'. This does not mean that all Satanists are social, or can be easily categorized based on established paradigms. Many are complete enigmas. Satanists will often be found in the Art, Goth, Vampire, Diabolist, Black Metal, Death Metal, or Heavy Metal communities. This does not mean that all Satanists are Artists, Goth, Vampires, Diabolists or Metal heads. Satanists are every day people. You may not be able to identify them by their mode of dress nor do they wear black all the time, rock fedoras, or listen to specific music. The desired aesthetic is as individual as the Satanists. Satanism, is represented by many symbols which will be discussed here. It is often considered synonymous or kin to the Egyptian god Set, Egyptian Aset, Lucifer, Devil, Daemon, Daimon, Demon and historically pagan gods. As part of a Satanist's desired aesthetic, a specific cultural reference may appeal to each of them. This will lead the researcher around the world, culture to culture chasing down the devil. Satanism, can be studied by using a variety of sources. There is not a single book that can do it justice. Since Satanism is not a unified or universal philosophy/religion, many sources can be resources for Satanic thought. Satanism, is not limited to Satanic writing. It draws from many subjects such as Anthropology, Archaeology, History, Language/Music, Science, Sociology, Psychology, Literature, and Occultism. This is just a handful, you could literally study this subject for the whole of your life if you are passionate enough about it. If you have questions regarding this essay, feel free to contact me. I am not infallible, and my ideas are ever-evolving especially with the introduction of new information, and examination of outside perspectives. I enjoy discussing the topic with knowledgeable individuals. Which leads me to modes of communication. Satanists often adhere to Lex Talionis, otherwise known as the Silver Rule, and do not appreciate pointed statements which aim to insult or degrade their person. If you do this, be prepared for

Satan as a pagan symbol
back-lash. Satanists are often aggressive in personality vs. passive. Satanism has a strong focus on the beast within, and if you tease the dog you are libel to be bitten. For everything else, there's duct-tape. From this point on, I will convey my personal opinions and address generalized viewpoints. I will also share historical references for your examination. My position on this topic, is by no means an absolute. It is intended to present information in an organized fashion for further research. It is my hope that it will foster critical thinking, self-examination and pave the way for the development of additional papers which cover the topic of Satanism in the 21st century, from both a pagan and secular perspective.

What the hell is a pagan?

Before I can address Satan as a pagan symbol, I must address the term pagan. I have written in the past about the use and mis-use of this term, in the form of diatribes. This is a more serious approach to the term and its meaning. Latin, is an Italic dialect, which was spoken in the Italic peninsula, along with Greek, Celtic and Etruscan language. Eventually all of these languages were taken over by imperial Rome, but not before they left their mark on the Latin language. Before the collapse of the Roman Empire, Latin became standard in places like Spain, France, Romania, and other surrounding areas. Latin had become absorbed into what we now refer to as Italian, Spanish, French, Romanian and other romance languages. Language study has relied heavily on existing antiquarian manuscripts and artifacts. There are surviving pre-Abrahamic (religions of Abraham) religious texts referred to as pagan rites. During your own quest for truth, you will find the following references referred to (and often): History of Livy Virgil's Aeneid Ovid's Metamorphosis (Classical era) as well as a heavy reliance upon Greek myths. The problem is, that when examining Greek mythology, outside of the Roman names for gods, there is very little historical reference to Roman culture. It is heavily Greek. This often confuses scholars into believing that the two are identical.

An additional source, is the Golden Bough. However, it is riddled with inaccurate theories and focuses too much on irrelevant detail if one were looking for something truly Roman. Context is everything. Especially when examining language. To further complicate matters, there is a heavy Etruscan influence which by the study of Etruscan culture, you can see as far back as 8th century BCE. The Etruscans influenced the early Greeks and vice versa, plus the Etruscan language is not considered IndoEuropean. So now you have Italic languages (which are pretty muddy as it is) being brought into the fold of what is considered Latin today. If you want to truly understand the evolution of the term pagan, I strongly recommend that you delve into language study. For the sake of keeping this paper as condensed as I possibly can, I am only going to focus on paganus to deliver my point of view. There are many forms and the etymology study could be an entire chapter in itself. In antiquity, the term was used to address people living in rural areas, outside of cities. In the Roman Empire, any person not living in the more civilized cities (vs. rural villages) were referred to as paganus (post-Classical Latin). This context can be compared to calling a person living in the country in the 21st century, a hick. It had negative connotations. Consider the terms 'hick' or 'hillbilly', these terms are meant to communicate that the person is uncivilized, un-socialized, rustic, uneducated, and a lowerclass citizen. The same applies to the term pagan. This term was used in such a fashion, that the country

Satan as a pagan symbol
folk became accustomed to being called pagans. Just like the country folk in the 21st century are accustomed to the social stereotyping used in the same manner. People have a resiliency and can be thickskinned about language usage, especially in lieu of larger issues to consider. People pick their battles, if they are even free to do so. The country folk of antiquity did not have all the freedoms of citizens today. Just as language develops today, it developed in antiquity. As time went on, pagan was used in such a way to address civilians of a society. In the Roman Empire, the military had prestige. If you were not a noble, politician or in the military you were a civilian. The term was extended to apply to civilians of the empire with the advent of Christianity. Once the Roman Empire became Christianized, the context changes slightly to encapsulate any person not adhering to the new government religion. The term becomes even more derogatory than it ever had been before. The term becomes the equivalent of scum on the bottom of my shoe!, and passes beyond the realm of a lower-classed citizen or a civilian. In this paper I will cover the Christian-Rome, as well as the anti-Barbarian ideologies it contained. On through the ages the term is used in various forms. There are surviving historical references which can give us insight into the context of usage and per time period. There can be no absolutes when traveling back in human history. The conclusions drawn about any given culture and era, is based on a mixture of resources. Written accounts, which are often second-hand and outdated, archaeological evidence, anthropological study, and language development. Then there's the issue of contemporary understanding of antiquarian ideas. Scholarship does its very best to paint an accurate picture of history, but many scholastic references in use fall subject to conjecture and estimation which is often referred to as empiricism. There is a distinct difference between empirical facts and an educated guess. Which leads me to modern usage. The term pagan, has become an umbrella term for most religions (or anti-religions) which are not Judaic, Christian or Islamic. The term is slightly less derogatory, but its all about context. There are existing reconstructionist religions which do not apply the term attributed to its historical usage in the Roman Empire as well as modern. The terms pagan and heathen, have been used historically and currently to by adherents of monotheistic religions as a pejorative. While pagans of the modern era embrace the term, they seek to remove the negative connotations that has been thousands of years in the making. To this day, the term pagan is considered a Epicurean term. In spite of the efforts of modern pagans, it remains derogatory when in use by monotheistic religions as well as a misunderstanding of references to the term outside of the Christian or modern pagan context. This leads me to the Neo-pagan movement of the 1960's. This differs greatly from the historical paganism (Bronze-age - Iron-age). This term was widely applied to many new religious movements which attempted to resurrect historical pagan practice. Typically, Neopagans are categorized into two groups: natureoriented and magical. As in scholarship, I am using pagan and Neo-pagan to differentiate between the two. If you are not familiar with the differences, I encourage you to include an intensive study on historical and Neopaganism. I do not consider myself to be Neopagan, and do not self-apply the term, but acknowledge that this term may be applied to me attributed to outside perspective of my personal beliefs and practices. I will instead use the phrase Modern Pagan to umbrella my views. Obviously I can not be a historical pagan, I do not feel as though Neopagan fits me, so the alternative is to use Modern Pagan with an emphasis on the perceived differences.

Why I consider myself a Modern Pagan
I consider the historical usage of what it meant to be pagan, and thumb my nose at it. I am not content with societal structure, adhere to social mores or feel socially obligated. In certain social circles, this would place my persona in the unsocialized and/or uncivilized categories. I am very frank with my speech and when it serves me say what is exactly on my mind. This often shocks people, and I'm often told I should learn tact. I don't subscribe to Shoulds. I have no need to curb my speech so that others can feel comfortable with my point of view. People often require a lot of sugar with that jagged little pill, I prefer

I do not. nor paid to be their therapist. and certainly not because society dictates that its due to you for simply surviving past the age of 50 years of age. because quite frankly I am not concerned with my image. is beyond me. Satan. either grow a thicker skin (like the historical pagans) or stay out of my environment. Satan as a pagan symbol: Satan. Satan. often represents the dark force in nature . I do not feel as though it deteriorates my image in anyway. passive. even the most hated by the general public. even if my loved ones often share my life with me. and the empowerment to better the self. is a warrior archetype. Christians. is often used as an infernal name to invoke for power and protection. I do not live for them. I am considered rustic. and Satanists you have been heard. represents wisdom. and is often considered pagan in nature. Satan. it is not given to you just because you exist. Satan. Neopagan. therefore I do not self-label or identify as a Neopagan. Back to the beginning . I also do not spend time forging personal wars with pagans. especially with an educated understanding. is the symbolic super-man Satan. as I have been treated by you. very tongue-in-cheek. You will be treated.the hidden. rough. I am not a hand-holder. and I live for me. an egregore. among labels to befuddle people. and complex ideology. Why any person would embrace this term as if it compliments their person. is a thought-form. and I only get one shot at this so I'm going to live it to the fullest. many Satanists consider themselves pagan but this does not mean that all Satanists do. active vs. is the universal symbol of biblical ideas which are wholly pagan And many. If my personal views hurt your precious little feelings. there are many forms of Satanism. I create complete environments for my personal enjoyment. and often Barbarian in nature. Satan. I use the term pagan. I have concluded that Satan represents a great many things to Satanists. "Do unto others. Satan. Even if they don't appreciate my infiltration of their beliefs. but I'm well aware of this fact and use it skillfully. represents man's carnal nature. At least. as you would have done unto you". they say. Satan. It's just another label. is often an allegorical image of the self. an allegory. many more. I don't live for creating an image for others. or any other religion in this world. is a metaphor. painting itself into a positive image and fitting itself into a modern society. Jews. I do not agree with many of the ideologies considered Neopagan. As such. It has always been an insulting term. and still is in spite of the romanticisms of other modern pagans. I support their position to believe and practice what they so choose under the Satanic label. Muslims. Why some Satanists consider Satan a pagan symbol As stated. In fact. You have to earn my respect. While I do not agree with many of the ideologies of other Satanists. I study them intensely to better relate to the human condition. In a social society people will often regurgitate the latest and greatest catch phrase. I have studied nearly all of them. For these reasons. by this Satanist. is a new term. All forms are true. from its very start is has meant to communicate specific ideologies in a positive way. Satan.Satan as a pagan symbol they choke on it. I understand it will attempt to pigeon-hole my identity. It is my life. and his ability to shape his own world. I prefer the Silver Rule. many spend a great deal of time and effort to distance themselves as far from pagans as humanly possible. Satan. draws from pre-Abrahamic mythology and symbolism.

Arabic. A language family of Middle Eastern origins.especially if they do not speak Ancient Hebrew. when considering the origins of Satan. A Semite. I provide you with this guide of key-words for your own research: Semitic Language Hebrews Hebrew Language Biblical Hebrew Classical Hebrew . is any person having been a descendant from the original settlers of the Arabian peninsula. the language and the people using that language is central to understanding both context and translating that into a language can understand . How would the culture have used a specific word such as Ha'Satan. and Ha'Satan in Modern Hebrew language but there is so much more to consider. but is not limited to: Akkadian. Ge'ez. Aramaic. Amharic. A Hebrew is not reduced to being a Jew. Maltese. so you can not study a language without first understanding the culture it belongs to. When addressing the usage of Ha'Satan in Old Testament.Satan as a pagan symbol The most common origins story starts in the Hebrew language: Ha'Satan as a Biblical reference. Hebrew is considered to be a Semitic language. Ha'Satan in Ancient Hebrew language. Phoenician. This includes. While Satan is a derivative of the Hebrew Ha'Satan. the character was built upon pagan foundations. and are there varying contexts? One can be a Semite. as were many of the ideas that make it into what is known today as The Holy Bible. Language is inter-woven with culture. Tigre and Tigrinya. without being a Hebrew. Hebrew.

The Bible. in early Hebrew simply meant adversary. plural Ivrim (Hebrew) derived from Ἑβραῖος (Ancient Greek). in present form is written in Biblical Hebrew which is divided into Golden. Torah. It is most commonly applied to Israelites. in the Hebrew language ‫. until the close of the Bronze Age. which is not my focus. The Hebrews are mentioned in various chapters in the Bible. is dated 3000 years old and discovered as recently as 2008.Satan as a pagan symbol Medieval Hebrew Do not take my word for it. find your own truth. Tanakh is the Hebrew cannon. which translates to pass over. The Jews teach that this language united all of mankind. Hebrew is considered the language of the Jews.עברית‬ ְִִ He'Ivrit Standardized English Pronunciation: Ha-Sah-tahn. ָָ ַ ׂ In Arabic. is available in many versions and its contents vary from denomination to denomination. and there is an actual history based on individuals who may or may not have contributed to the writing which made it into Old Testament and on in to New Testament. During the Egyptian Empire.השטן‬in this form meant The Accuser. The term Hebrew. Culturally. Hebrew was applied to Semitic nomadic Egyptians. It is a common misunderstanding that all Hebrews are Jews. as does the meaning of the term Ha'Satan. The Hebrews would have spoken it: He-vrit (t is sort of silent) ‫ . and Talmud is the central text of mainstream Judaism. and Silver Ages. I am addressing the cultural references and language development to understand the usage of specific terms within context. In Latin Hebraeus. and every single letter has esoteric value. The Christians can not seem to agree on an absolute text. ‫ الشيطان‬ash-Shayṭān. in Christian context (Jewish-Christians). or traverse (lies across). This is where Satan gets an English name. When discussing Classical Hebrew. Biblical Hebrew replaced Classical Hebrew in 4th century CE. By the time of the Roman Empire the Jews were referred to as Hebraios. the evolution of adversary changes with the paradigm shift. The Christian Bible is created in two-parts from Hebrew texts. we are addressing a language spoken from 10th century BCE to 4th century CE. This does not mean enemy. is written in Classical Hebrew is archaic and no longer spoken in pure form but studied intensely. I refer you to the following resource: . Jewish people have been studying and praying in Classical Hebrew for roughly 2000 years. Ha'Satan. within Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cultures. The Adversary. therefore Christianity is divided on many issues of faith. You may discover that there is a crypto-history based in biblical mythology. The oldest form of Hebrew writing. and have always been Jews. Torah is Five Books of Moses. has been applied to many nomadic peoples of the Middle East. Old Testament and New Testament. The Satan Ha'Satan. Torah.

Hesiod tells how the men of the golden race became after death demons. which discusses the development of 'Hell' in Judeo-Christian mythos: Classical Hades. Turner. Now. ISBN 0-15-600137-3 So you are beginning to catch a glimpse. referred to in the biblical tale. The Daemons/Daimons were considered 'watchers of mankind'. a job description.Satan as a pagan symbol Everett Ferguson. had 'watcher Daemons' that were overseers of human affairs. these 'watchers' were created from the early Daemons/Daimons. The Illiad. Grand Rapids. Pausanias. It became a noun (proper and improper). Harcourt Brace & Co. in an underworld environment. 1993. New York. was used in a variety of forms. (guardians or watchers over mortals). 2nd century AD. Harvest Books. All of this. mythology was used very differently from culture to culture. in addition to the cultures of early polytheistic nomadic Hebrews. as a designation was changed in both meaning and application attributed to a misunderstanding of early texts.. not only had access to the mythologies. 1993. The Satan a title. Satan. and stories made their way to their sitting rooms. I encourage you to study Greek culture. vs. San Diego. thus Ha'Satan began to take on the designation of an 'opposing watcher'. The fallen Angel. Satan. the later Hebrews did not catch the transliteration error when the Hebrew Bible was translated in Latin (and other languages). As groups travel for survival and exploration they bring with them their cultural values. 2nd Edition. . Eerdmans Publishing company. ISBN 0-8028-0669-4 pbk) This book discusses the origins of early Judeo-Christianity. 'Ha'Satan' was not a very important word. Backgrounds of Early Christianity. Any 'watcher' who was seemingly not performing his task. This is also a contributing factor to the idea of a 'fallen watcher'. Ha'Satan. The early Hebrews were not using the Mythology like the Greeks would have. is still in use in its proper form. Hellenistic era Greeks. discusses the existence of 'watchers' aka Daemons. up to this point. of Satan taking form. Ha'Satan. and the development of mythos based on Greek Daemonology. The idea that a 'watcher' may have 'fallen from grace' was metaphoric in nature. but studied them intensely. and by the time the Book of Enoch was written. represents a literal being to many but more a metaphor and allegory by most Satanists. There were many contributing factors to cultural changes and evolutions. While I'm sure some Greeks fell subject to literalisms. The Greeks used mythology as metaphoric teaching mechanisms. was drawn from. Michigan." Alice K. as well as a paradigm shift which occurred in Hebrew thinking. was considered to have 'fallen from grace'. All cultures experience a form of cross-culturism. It could be equated to 'The Lawyer'. This is precisely why. [1987]. The early Hebrew intellectuals. London. the more these mythologies made it into their writing. and religious theology. William B. or 'The Prosecuting Attorney'. ate the flesh of sinners. a role in use by different characters. This is a decent book. One of the major players. but no longer as an adjective. even if you can detect similarities. Ha' (the) Hastan (Satan). In early Hebrew. can be researched and followed through the ages. a being and fallen watcher. The History of Hell. The more the theologians were exposed to existing mythologies (from various cultures).

and dismemberment. and his thirst for burning flesh. it begins to paint a picture in your mind. A Daemon who ate the flesh of the disobedient 5. The usage of the Baphomet Goat.Satan as a pagan symbol Based on this information I have presented. A protector of mankind 3. A Daemon. a contributing factor the development of Satan is Hermetic and Platonic philosophy. So far. blood. A watcher 2. A Daemon of the underworld 4. You have to admire the imagination of man kind. falls from grace (off duty) 6. A watcher. taking the physical attributes as described in Greek mythology By the time of Plutarch (50-120 AD). he's talking about hurling the disobedient into lakes of fire. to represent Satan is the occultism of Hermeticism embedded within Satan's core. . we can summate that this allegory would involve: 1. Also.

by virtue of him being the author of all things. this is God. and do not ever call God anything but good since again you blaspheme. is the most popular rendition used. [1961] 1996.. The other name is that of the Father.For the nature of God is One: Supreme goodness. This is the Supreme Good.Zeus is dispensor alike of good and evil to mortals. It embraces the Hermetic principles. do not call anything else good since then you blaspheme. coupled with seemingly 'dualistic' imagery. ISBN 0-89281-817-4 Plato: The Collected Dialogues of Plato Including the Letters." -Plato I recommend this resource for Hermeticism: The Way of Hermes [The Corpus Hermeticum & the Definitions of Hermes Trimegistus to Asclepius]. they are being influenced by early Greek ideologies without a full grasp of their culture at the start. but the cause of evil we must look for in other things and not in God. providing us with peace and mercy.. Plato believed that God was good. men or divine powers can be even in the slightest degree good. The greatness of this good is such that it is the reality of all beings. did the same. Bollingen Series LXXI. than anyone or anything that opposes goodness must be evil. God gives all and takes nothing. At this point. God and goodness are one generative power.no longer protects man kind but seeks to destroy it. as watchers. So God is the Supreme Good and the Supreme Good is God. Vermont. falling from grace .. were placed there by God in Plato's mind. and hurling them into a lake of fire. 1999/2000. Inner Traditions Publishers. for they are body and soul.. but God alone. He who gives all and takes nothing is good. If he is incapable. influenced Plato and his ideas that God was supreme goodness. Princeton University Press. evil paradigm present in several cultures.Satan as a pagan symbol The Elephas Levi. "No other beings spoken of as gods. the paradigm shifts occurring within it. you will see the good vs.we must not accept from Homer or any other poet the folly of such error as this about the gods.. ISBN 0-691-09718-6 Examining religions around the world. then someone or something must be responsible for the evils in the world. sound law and unscanted justice. but themselves have no place to contain the Supreme Good.for the good we must assume no other cause than God. Greek Hermeticism. and incapable of evil." -Plato Now you are seeing the development of 'Angels' (aka watchers) created by God. for the Father's nature is to create. of the bodily and of the bodiless. in his kindness to man. Plato had a strong stance on the division of 'good' and 'evil'. he set over us this superior race of spirits who took charge of us with no less ease to themselves than convenience to us. Therefore. Daemons." -Plato If God is supreme goodness. from which come all generations. this watcher not only discards human affairs but punishes the disobedient by eating their flesh... We see evidence of this here: "Well. of the sensory and of the subtle.. By the time the early Hebrews were studying Greek texts. . In the case of the development of Satan as a being. which would be Platonic in nature. goodness itself. ". and endowing the families of mankind with internal concord and happiness. to watch over mankind. the god. God is this alone and nothing else. off duty. A watcher. Rochester. All other things are contained within the nature of the Supreme Good. and communicated by their mythology.

the demons. but they were martyring themselves.. They have carried to an extreme a principle that we revered first: namely. however. This is the nature of our mortal existence: we are given to gatekeepers for purposes ordained by God. "It [the soul] must wander about. and be delivered from misfortunes of all sorts.are surely nothing horrible. for thirty thousand years. if he so chooses. they are bound to it.. that it does no one any good. in every word and deed and in the silence of reflection.By invoking these names. Not only were they not fulfilling their civic duties as citizens. for the Christians to heap abuse on the officers. therefore. 2nd century AD. put his faith in the watchers to guard over his army. and reason may not dictate our doing so in every case. and lead them to victory. is the Good: publicly and privately. Some skeptics say -and perhaps we should believe them. it is well to acknowledge the demons formally only when reason dictates. what is to prevent someone from paying homage to these and other gods. heal their wounds.that the demon is part and parcel of the things created by God. for no apparent purpose. rushing headlong to offend the emperor and governors and to invite their wrath. . 1987 "Men are born in bodily form. and is riveted to blood and burnt offerings and magical enchantments and the like. we should direct ourselves toward the contemplation of the Good. to love life inordinately. Healing and predicting the future are their sphere. but what ought really to occupy our minds. and every tongue confesses Jesus is Lord. It makes little sense. becoming in its time every possible shape of mortal being. it is only insanity for the Christians to refuse their religious duties. So long as God is the subject of our thoughts. demand nothing. away from the blessed. They offer their bodies to be tortured and killed to no purpose when they think that in so doing they are defying the demons and going to their eternal reward. As Empedocles teaches. One must be careful about believing such things lest one become so engrossed in healing. It is perhaps better to think that the demons require nothing. They say that a man's body is under the power of thirty-six demons (or gods of some sort) who divide it among themselves. To love the emperor and to serve God are complementary duties. writes intensely regarding the nature of Daemons (watchers and protectors) vs. and you begin to see evidence of the poor attitude towards Christians. the appropriate objects of reflection.. The Christians do not suffer for a principle but because they break the law.. But to hate life is just as wicked. one for each part of the body. the gatekeepers do their duty at God's pleasure. The demons are known under various names.That life is under the control of gods one can see from the writings of the Egyptians.Satan as a pagan symbol Celsus.so that at least one can be healthy and not ill. and those under the earth." Now. and lapse into the superstitions associated with the magical arts. until such time as the soul has been purified through its successive stages. day and night. Instead the Christians make ridiculous claims for themselves" "At the name of Jesus every knee in heaven and earth. They may be pleased with our little tokens of recognition. In any case." I am not making the case for invoking demons. long for nothing. only they choose to invoke but one. but their knowledge and activity concern only mortal activities. keep in mind the tone of Christianity at this point in time. Oxford University Press. the Christian view. they heal the appropriate part of the body. The Greeks and Romans were looking around at the Christians scratching their heads. have good luck rather than bad. Celsus. I am merely trying to show that the Christians do the same things that the Egyptians do in memorizing the names of thirty-six demons. in the end. Celsus. the little devotions we perform on behalf of the powers of this world -not the demons only but the rulers and princes who hold power at the gods' design. they are weighted down by the passions and needs of the world and are paying the penalty for their sins. they are not martyrs but robbers. Taken from this resource: Celsus On the True Doctrine." The soul is guarded in the here and now by the wardens of our earthly prison. in charge of our prison. that one is turned aside from the higher things. wrote specifically about Christians not fulfilling their civic duty by not taking up arms to fight in wars.. Pay special attention to how he refers to the Daemons in this passage. New York & Oxford. This being so. Indeed..

in Classical Greek. or his obstructor. people call this 'paganism'. the angels were often called "sons of God" (bene `elohim). Before there were these 'religions' (and I use that loosely). Professor of Religion at Princeton University.. Although Hebrew storytellers as early as the sixth century BCE occasionally introduced a supernatural character whom they called the satan. as in mainstream Judaism to this day. which demonstrates true research findings without a bunch of rhetoric. Greg Mobley. The root stn means "one who opposes. It is a collection of works (some of which have been omitted). and the angel of the Lord took his stand in the road as his satan" [le-satan-lo] -that is. In nearly every culture you can find some form of a watcher. she tracks the 'Ha'Satan' from early Hebrew on through the development in the Hebrew Bible from 6th century BC to the 1st -3rd century B. but the ass saw him an and stopped in her tracks:" This gives credence to Hebrew usage of Ha'Satan. or angel. It was not. he appears in the book of Numbers and in Job as one of God's obedient servants -a messenger. In modern language it might sounds something like: "Look at you country hicks and your rural folk practice! Ha ha ha.Satan as a pagan symbol Elaine Pagels.. Judeo-Christianity did not invent these ideas."). She also covers the Daimons. believe the term in history was used as it is today from the beginning. Satan is not necessarily evil. On the contrary. and European in America. the term pagan was used as an insult. Prior this Judaism. but this was not paganism to the people who practiced it. "but God's anger was kindled because he went.. in that it's a very scholarly written text. obstructs. tells of a man who decided to go where God had ordered him not to go. you are uncivilized!" Many Neopagans. much less opposed to God.. and covers the early Christian development 1-3 BC. there were folk lore. to enter a time before these stories were collected and written down. The Origin of Satan. Balaam saddled his ass and set off.C. Satan never appears as Western Christendom has come to know him.J.In Hebrew. later translated "devil. Many of which made contact with each other on trade and exploration routes. as his adversary. for example. and later Christianity and even later Islam. It is a well known fact. as the leader of an "evil empire. ISBN 1403969337 You'll have to use your imagination. In ancient Rome. nor was is codified as one book. This supernatural messenger remained invisible to Balaam. or acts as adversary. good. for quite some time.. heaven and hell. and mythologies in use by peoples around the globe. Wray. as simply a title. legends. and Asian in Europe. Another great resource is: The Birth of Satan: Tracing the Devil's Biblical Roots by T. that the Bible was not written in a day. what they meant was any one of the angels sent by God for the specific purpose of blocking or obstructing human activity. excerpt." an army of hostile spirits who make war on God and humankind alike. Roman and Christian usage. I like this book. and South America. Those religions called pagan were not pagan to the people that practiced them until much later in language . It is not the name of a particular character.The story of Balaam in the biblical book of Numbers." (The Greek term diabolos." literally means "one who throws something across one's path..the Hebrew term the satan describes an adversarial role. This is why you see African influences in Europe.. etc. Is a fairly decent book. evil. they merely adopted them. As he first appears in the Hebrew Bible. that I believe is relevant: Pagels writes: "In the Hebrew Bible.

therefore is not his enemy. By today's standards. but regarded them as ruling the world and doing evil (Maccabean). do these demons rule the earth. The Book of Maccabees. It is important to understand the flux and shift. or were they organized in such a way that modern paganism is today. was merely a designation.just for starters. Ha'Satan. demons are not in control of earth. are also available. who lead demons (vs. and according to the standards of text book definitions).Satan as a pagan symbol development. space. This is something new. Where do Neopagans get their ideas from? Poorly researched Neopagan writers. The Advesary. This comes from Platonic thought. The adversary. In Greek culture Daimones were in the air. In Old Testament. What's more. kingdoms or the dominion of men. However in none of the existing mythologies. This change did not occur until early Judaism (1st-3rd century) incorporated the Hellenistic daemons. it took nearly 800 years for daemons to be changed into the responsible parties for evil doing (Demons). demonstrates that early Jews were willing to accept the Classical Greek usage of Daemons. I suggest visiting your local library and looking at the history of language development through the ages. and the history of England . high heaven and where the gods lived. The basis for the big bad guy. You will discover this commonality when you delve into Satanic writing. . is drawn specifically from the Greeks. is also part of the Satanic aesthetic. hence my focus. there is no evidence that there was ever one ruling Daemon in Greek mythology. I will discuss the Eastern demons. can not defy God . and the underworld. there were demons and demon possession for centuries before the Greeks. both Jews and Christians transformed the designation and made him one being. If you would like to know the true history of pagan as a term. as well as Roman history. It will not be addressed in depth in this paper. separately. In the Greek context. the term pagan not only applies to Satan (both tongue-in-cheek. they didn't even have names. water. or control mankind. By 1st century BC. 1 Maccabees 2 Maccabees 3 Maccabees 4 Maccabees 5-8. but born from something older. Daemons). I also suggest an intense study on demon possession by culture around the world. Satan embodies purely pagan symbolism. Most often. They were also in the earth. I also suggest reading: The First Book of Enoch This gives you an idea why ENOCHIAN.

This is especially relevant. So when sitting back and trying to determine the distinct differences between the Jewish and Christian faiths. I would like to add to this. that this helps others to understand the kinship of Satanists and Daemonolators. Daemonolatry is a historical pagan religion.. By NT it is one singular entity who is in control of legions of Demons. Daemonolatry. Early Hebrews would have interpreted this to mean 'god'. pre-biblical . that discusses the Mesopotamian origins of the protagonist. Helios-Horus is called to as "ruler of the world" or "lord of the world. You will detect paradigm shifts in culture within this text. Hellenized Jews and Christians. vs. and by other cultures reading the works of the Greeks. gods to be worshiped. The Ha'satan in Old Testament. which includes Satan in its pantheon of forces. In OT. when addressing how the Daimones were viewed by the Greeks.Satan as a pagan symbol Take a look at the Greek Papari Magica. Eden's Serptent: Its Mesopotamian Origins by Walter R. or at the very least in control of the dominion of men. Mattfield. . seems to be taking its instruction from God itself. The Satan. changed the idea of The Satan. and holding dominion over the earth and of men. as a role.A. this plays an important role. New Testament are different. vs. draws heavily from the early Greek usage and understanding of Daemons. most address daemons as benevolent forces. While modern Daemonolators pull from the mythologies of the Near East. M.." and "daimon of sleepless fire". Ed Another fairly explored book.biblical.

.to the Hesperides. the goddess of Night: "After them dark Night. Indeed. the golden apples appear in several myths. 213-216) However. other ancient sources state that the Hesperides were the offspring of quite different parents. Despite the differing opinions about the ancestry of these nymphs." (Hesiod. or even Ceto and Phorcys were all offered as possible parents to the Hesperides. The ancient poet Hesiod claims that these nymphs were the daughters of Nyx. and the legendary tale of the labors of Herakles. gave birth. Ever wonder why the fruit in the Garden of Eden is assumed to be an apple? There are many theories. including the story of Atalanta and Hippomenes. Atlas and Hesperis.. And these were not just any apples. the Hesperides were nymphs who guarded the legendary Golden Apple tree.they were the fruit that the goddess Hera received as wedding a gift from Gaia (the Earth). who live beyond Okeanos and keep the golden apples and the fruit-bearing trees. either . Theogony.. There are several different accounts of their ancestry in myth.Satan as a pagan symbol The Hesperides in Greek Mythology In Greek mythology. Atlas and Pleione. having lain with no one. ancient authors agree that the Hesperides were important in Greek myth as the guardians of the tree from which the Golden Apples grew.

You may be familiar with this work used in the film The Ninth Gate. Hespera. I am using it to communicate other ideas as well. Hesperides Sound familiar? . The Hesperides lived together in a garden. from the book The Club Dumas by Arturo Perez-Reverte. It uses elements from both the book and the film.Satan as a pagan symbol This is the 9th Gate to the Kingdom of Shadows. While the symbolism is seemingly biblical at first glance. along with the dragon Ladon. Erytheia. Together. the nymphs sang enchanting and beautiful songs. I painted this a while back but changed the engraving slightly. Arethusa. There are names associated with the individual nymphs. 2000. and they are often called Aigle. and Hesperethusa. I was tempted to paint an apple in her hand but decided against it at the last moment.

showing the Kako Daimon (Caco Demon) or "Evil Spirit" naked. . Near him is the "Evil Eye" being pecked at by a raven and stabbed by a trident and a sword. Mattfield: Agathos Daimon in the form a great serpent with a cock's comb (?) atop its head and a beard or goatee below its mouth. The bearded clothed bust in the niche above the serpent with a grain modius (a measuring bucket for wheat) on its head may be the alternate human representation of the Agathos Daimon? Does the cock's comb allude to cocks who crow at sunrise and the goatee to the setting sun as an aged man? The Agathos Daimone was assimilated to the sun-god. The Agathos Daimon Serpent is on his left forearm. a handsome youth who was the Roman Emperor Hadrian's (ruled ca. Antinous. He is portrayed here as the Graeco-Egyptian Agathos Daimon. His brow is described as either possessing horns or wings. spotted leopard (or cat?) and dog. 2nd century A. and attacked by a scorpion. 117 AD) companion and lover who died under mysterious circumstances in Egypt. Antioch. Mosaic from the House of the Evil Eye.D. with enlarged penis between his legs.Satan as a pagan symbol The following images and descriptions have been collected and supplied by Walter R. snake. millipede.

apparently Satanism: For Dummies Bronze sculpture of Sarapis-Amun-Agathodaemon. a social networking forum I belong to. I have discussed this in depth-in some of the Roman topics on the main board of paganspace. was used by Greco-Romans as a protective agent. an Egyptian baboon-god who greets at sun-rise the sun with barking. 100-200 AD) Agathodaimon figurine in silver. Greece Museum exhibit of Egyptian Art.net http://www.Satan as a pagan symbol I would like to point out. Egypt. What is now being called the evil spirit would not have been evil to the Ancient Greeks. Paganspace.net. 1st-2nd century AD a mature bearded (?) man holding a cornucopia or horn of plenty in left hand and a patera in his right hand. a combining of several Egyptian gods (Athens. Clearly the allegory is to demonstrate a protection and ward against the Evil Eye (Malocchio. (Roman Period. Agathodaemon enthroned as ruler of the world (the orb held in its hand symbolizing the world) adored by Thoth. (Boston Museum of Fine Art) .net/profile/SIN Main Board discussions: Evil Eye Mythology: Human Psychology Satan as a pagan symbol Why Satan is biblical and evil.paganspace. in Italian). Greco-Roman Era). that the enlarged Penis. Agathodaimon figurine in bronze of a beardless young man with a grain modius (?) atop his head and a sheaf of wheat (?) or a victory palm branch in his left hand (?) Alexandria. The Agathodaemon is here being assimilated to the sun as ruler of the world (drawing after a gemstone).

Satan as a pagan symbol Agathos Daimon as a large snake. showing on its reverse side the Agathodaemon as a large serpent. In texts it is associated or assimilated to the Graeco-Egyptian sun-god Helios-Horus and called "the Lord of the World. Ed. issued for Egypt. In Egyptian myth the sun rises as a young man and sets as an aged man..D." Photo and description credits: Walter R. Greek: drakon (English: "dragon") meaning "large snake. circa 1st century A." Perhaps the "Eye of Ra" above the serpent's head alludes to its epithet "The Eternal Eye"? The eye represented the sun-god. with goatee under its chin." The Agathos Daimon was assimilated to the Egyptian Ra or Re the sun-god (Greek Helios. perhaps this accounts for the Agathos Daimon's appearance in art forms as both a beardless young man and a mature bearded man? Agathos Daimon shown with a sun disc atop its head. M.A. Mattfield. Coin of the Roman Emperor Trajan. . Roman: Sol) and called "The Eternal Eye.

coiling itself about the altar in a garden setting (from a house in Pompeii. 1st century A. Pompeii. Fresco or wall painting showing an offering to the Agatho Daemon by the Genius of the house in toga.Satan as a pagan symbol Wall fresco or painting showing an offering to the Agatho Daemon serpent.A. Italy. Fresco showing two agatho daemons accompanied by other Egyptian gods including Isis in a boat (Roman Empire period) Photo and description credits: Walter R. 1st century A.D.). . Italy). M.D. Ed. accompanied by two gods associated with good luck and good fortune holding a drinking rhython and bucket (Roman Empire. Mattfield.

and was published by a Jewish writer named Moses de Leon.[1] It is a group of books including commentary on the mystical aspects of the Torah (the five books of Moses) and scriptural interpretations as well as material on theosophic theology.htm Synopsis: The Zohar (Hebrew: ‫ . and mystical psychology.Satan as a pagan symbol The Book of Zohar Book of Zohar on Sacred Texts: http://www. Sources: [1] Scholem. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA." and the relationship between the "universal energy" and man. Jewish History and You. 2nd ed. De Leon ascribed the work to Shimon bar Yochai.זהר‬lit Splendor or Radiance) is the foundational work in the literature of Jewish ַֹ mystical thought known as Kabbalah. Primer research: http://www. Sol (2004). Jewish History and You II. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik. essentially synonymous with Mazdaism (the worship of Ahura Mazda. exalted by Zoroaster as the supreme divine authority). the origin and structure of the universe. Jersey City. such as that by the 20th century religious historian Gershom Scholem. has theorized that De Leon was the actual author. which elaborates on the Torah. in general usage. 647-664.Lag BaOmer at OU. modern academic analysis of the Zohar. Its scriptural exegesis can be considered an esoteric form of the Rabbinic literature known as Midrash. Ed. mythical cosmogony.org/Society/Religion_and_Spirituality/Zoroastrianism/ Introduction to Zoroastrianism: .dmoz. and as such." Encyclopaedia Judaica. The Zohar is mostly written in what has been described as an exalted.sacred-texts.[4] even if the editors don't literally believe that they are oral traditions from the time of Moses. NJ. The view of non-Orthodox Jewish denominations generally conforms to this latter view. Gershom and Melila Hellner-Eshed. 24. "Zohar. the nature of souls. USA: KTAV Publishing House. most non-Orthodox Jews have long viewed the Zohar as pseudepigraphy and apocrypha while sometimes accepting that its contents may have meaning for modern Judaism. according to Jewish legend. eccentric style of Aramaic. Gale. pp. redemption. [3] Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai . The term Zoroastrianism is. The Zohar contains a discussion of the nature of God. It was probably founded some time before the 6th century BCE in Persia (Iran). a language spoken in the Land of Israel during the Roman Period in the first centuries of the Common Era. 21. the relationship of Ego to Darkness and "true self" to "The Light of God. in Avestan) and was formerly among the world's largest religions. [2] Scharfstein. a rabbi of the 2nd century during the Roman persecution[2] who. Vol. 2007. While the traditional majority view in religious Judaism has been that the teachings of Kabbalah were revealed by God to Biblical figures such as Abraham and Moses and were then transmitted orally from the Biblical era until its redaction by Shimon ben Yochai. The Zohar first appeared in Spain in the 13th century. Jewish prayerbooks edited by non-Orthodox Jews may therefore contain excerpts from the Zohar and other kabbalistic works.[2][3] hid in a cave for thirteen years studying the Torah and was inspired by the Prophet Elijah to write the Zohar.ORG [4] Siddur Sim Shalom edited by Jules Harlow Zoroastrianism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra. Gale Virtual Reference Library. This accords with the traditional claim by adherents that Kabbalah is the concealed part of the Oral Torah.com/jud/zdm/index.

This idea of dualism did. but in the Teacher's own days and in His own words. these Twin Spirits do not exist independently but each in relation to the other. when the Eternal 'breathes out into manifestation'. xxx. and we have seen that to Him Asha meant the Eternal law which impels all creation to progress Godwards. even the later books which were responsible for all this later confusion of thought. consequently all that helps the forward progress of humanity is Good. still there is a fundamental similarity of treatment. we may conclude that the Two Spirits represent the double emanation from the Eternal. 9. They exist before the beginning of the world. To Him life upon this Earth meant a constant endeavour to tread this Path. Thus though not explicitly. the idea developed is most emphatically not dualistic. one of the two powers in the so-called 'Dualistic' system is ultimately to perish.fas. Ahura Mazda speaks of the Two Spirits as His own. The concept of Zarathushtra is something essentially different.Satan as a pagan symbol http://www. He tells us that there are the Two Spirits-The Good and the Evil-at war with each other. therefore. all that tends to hinder it is Evil. If. They form the antithesis of each other in every respect. But in two must important respects His Teaching differs from the popularly conceived idea of 'Dualism'. For both these emanate from and are the creation of Ahuramazda. These Twin Spirits first emanate from Him. Zarathushtra has tackled the problem in His characteristic manner. I believe that such a statement is made. As Prof. we cannot in reason say that the system teaches that these two powers are either co-equal or co-eternal. They may be compared to the twofold Powers. one good and one evil. co-equal powers. implying that they both emanated from Him. The Prophet expected all his followers to be active partisans on the side of Asha.html Article Excerpt: Zoroastrianism "4) Good and Evil The solution of the problem of Evil has been attempted by every Great Prophet. Zoroaster preached about the two Spirits. still. xix.harvard. Though it has not been very clearly stated that these Two Spirits are 'created by Mazda'. creep into the religion during the later stages of its development. but His Philosophy is by no means dualistic. xxx. they meet in the higher unity of Ahuramazda. or the Religion through Action. but their opposition only comes to its expression in the world that we see.. which (teaching) is indeed for the wise. Now I will speak to those who desire (to hear). and though the ways of looking at it have been different in different lands and at different epochs. still by implication. Jackson has very well expressed it. indeed. that Evil shall ultimately perish. The Two Spirits are not 'self-created' as may be expected in a truly 'Dualistic' system. 'Then indeed shall the support of Falsehood come down. but I would render the opening lines of that verse as. Purusha and Prakriti (or Spirit and Matter). who are for ever at war with each other. And yet in another aspect and perhaps in a more fundamental respect is the system of Zoroaster not dualistic. at least in one place in The Gathas (Y. It is a disputed passage and the Pahlavi tradition seems to support this translation. speak of the ultimate triumph of the Good Spirit (Spento-Mainyu) and the hiding of the Evil One (Angro-Mainyu) 'underground'. about these Two who are created by Mazda. This is not the place to enter into a grammatical discussion as to the meaning of this passage. He had made Asha the very key-stone of His Teaching. The books.edu/~iranian/Zoroastrianism/index. namely of conceiving two co-eternal. In the first place the conflict is bound to have an end. a continuous activity-what the Hindus have named Karma Yoga. And the Prophet Himself categorically declares in the Gatha (Y. Then again in Yasna.. and broken shall be its power'. which have been . the Eternal Lord of all Life and these Twain working together create and maintain the whole of this Universe. Life therefore was unceasing endeavour. It is not dualistic in the sense usually understood. 10). 1).

And in another place Zarathushtra declares (Y. instead of the Good and Evil Spirits. Whatever the subsequent history of the Evil Spirit may have been in Iranian Theology. of plagues of vermin and noxious creatures. They represent the two poles upon which the whole of manifestation and evolution revolves. Christianity and Buddhist (in its more popular forms with its hosts of demons and evil spirits) would form a very interesting piece of work in Comparative religions. are needed the Twain Spirits. Apparently opposed to each other in every respect. and also for the belief among foreigners that Zarathushtra's religion was 'dualistic'. Ishvara. they in the beginning created Life and Not-Life. nor our doctrines. consists in renovation and renewal. but I wish merely to draw a rough sort of analogy. to a marked divorce between the functions of Angro-Mainyu (the Matter or Not-Life Aspect of God). And in exact proportion as the Evil and the Good Spirits became estranged from one another did the former also get estranged from his Creator. in later times. there cannot be any reasonable doubt that the original concept as it emanated from the mind of the Master Himself and . I do not here wish to imply that all the subtleties of the Yoga system are to be found in the teaching of Zarathushtra. which. Ahriman. according to Zoroaster. Their opposition is clearly and forcibly declared in the Gathas (Y. 4): And now when these Two Spirits together came. Of course. This constitutes the fundamental opposition of this pair. And it is certainly opposed to the original teaching of Zarathushtra. admitted no other at God's level. This quotation is in fact the clearest expression of the fundamental difference between the Two Spirits that is to be found in the Zoroastrian Scriptures. due to a misunderstanding of the Prophet's teaching. as we have already seen. Ahura and Ahriman (Angro-Mainyu) forming the fundamental Pair. If we look upon them as in a sense representing the two phases of the eternal activity of God. of whom the holier spake thus to the wicked one: Never shall our minds harmonise. xxx. they are both necessary to create and to sustain the manifested universe. very much as Satan did after 'he fell from Heaven'. And assuredly this later conception of Ahriman is responsible both for the philosophic confusions and the superstition that crept into Sasanian Zoroastrianism.Satan as a pagan symbol postulated in the Yoga Philosophy of India as emanating from the Supreme Lord.. the Good and the Evil. that one side of His activity. As time went on and as the true Teaching of the Prophet receded further and further into oblivion. The later Zoroastrian theologians seem to have forgotten that destruction is also part of God's work. simultaneously put forward. the Zoroastrian Divines attributed to the Evil Spirit such 'evils' as the creation of extreme heat and extreme cold. this Arch-Fiend. a new and curious idea began to overlay this original idea of the Two Spirits. And at last in Sasanian times (as represented by the Theologians of the Vendidad) we find. 'counter-created' various plagues therein in order to drive away God's own people from their homes! This later idea of Ahriman is decidedly unphilosophical and inconsistent with the other dogma. This later conception was. far from being 'a Creation of God'.. neither our words nor yet our actions. Here it may be sufficient to state that Angro-Mainyu in the Vendidad. The first quotation given above is very significant-'they created Life and Not-Life'. which is impossible without the destruction of what has ceased to help in the forward march of Creation and has thus become 'evil'. as shown in the progress of the universe. nor yet our beliefs. neither our aspirations. namely creation and dissolution. we may better understand their true importance. has become the Arch-Opponent of the Almighty. 'created by Mazda'. xlv. very possibly under the influence of Semitic theology. And just at the same rate did the Good Spirit become more and more indentified with Ahuramazda. It was probably in this sense that. of the omnipotence of God. How far this view had been influenced by the doctrines of Judaism. 2): I will speak of the Spirits Twain at the first beginning of Life. Just as Ishvara in the very act of manifestation gives forth these Twain-Spirit and Matter-so also for the purpose of manifestation. in later times. This forgetting of the fundamental conception of the Evil One as an Aspect of God Himself led. and it virtually amounts to saying that they correspond in the essence to the idea underlying Purusha and Prakriti or Spirit and Matter. Thus we read in the very first chapter of that book that when Ahura Mazda created various fine lands for the people to dwell in. neither our hearts nor yet our souls.

for it is that within the human being which enables him to choose between the right and the wrong. A second implication is with regard to human conduct. In other words. The first such conclusion we can draw from the very definition of the Two Spirits-as Creators of 'Life' and 'Not-Life'-is that both are as the two poles of the same Eternal Source of all Life.The Twin Creators. so to say. or to put it paradoxically. In that Hymn. Zarathushtra. For life to a true follower of Zarathushtra is a constant and sternuous effort not merely in being good but also in fighting and overpowering evil. even while he first proclaimed His Message. in itself does not exist. no Saviour intercedes for him or bears his burden. that both are (to vary our metaphor) the First Creators and the First Ministers of His Will. Sraosha is described as paying His homage to all the Beings who have helped to create the universe: Among the creatures of the Great Ahura. Matter serves as the shadow.-who create together The manifold creation all around us. each one for himself. be borne in mind that in the Gathas we find only the main points of the teaching jotted down rather than a 'connected' system of philosophy. Each verse contains one or two ideas expressed in terse and often highly phonetic language. however. He first did worship the immortals Holy. Evil is found in the world in order that we may strengthen ourselves by learning to overcome it. Only long and patient thought and meditation. The Lord Zarathushtra points out the Path and stands as a glorious example to all mankind. between the temporary and the eternal. The Six that stand around the Throne of Mazda. Part of that power which still Produceth good whilst ever scheming ill. in the very first verse. Evil has to be regarded. would slowly bring out clearly the connecting links. coupled with a life lived according to the teaching. Evil has but a negative existence. Sraosha (Obedience to the Divine Will) is here shown as recognising the Two as among the Supreme Manifestations of the Will of the Eternal. Each verse represents some idea but the connection between the verses themselves is often not expressed at all. we only imply that until Spirit returns to the Eternal Source from which it emanated. -man by man. consider them with clear thought. That Good shall come out triumphant in the end has been maintained by Zoroastrian theology throughout its long history. All one can do at present is to take up the scattered hints from various verses of the Gathas and other Hymns and carry them forward to their logical conclusions. And when we characters Evil as 'Not-Life'.Satan as a pagan symbol embodied in the Gathas is the purest and the most philosophical explanation of the existence and the origin of Evil. deciding between the two and choosing. It must. The sternuous Zoroastrian must stand upon his own legs. lvii). Another. and is very ready to guide and help and inspire. and from unity He became Duality.. Evil. Spirit must unite itself with Matter in order to realise completely the fullness of its stature. said: Hear with your ears the Great Truths. this phrase conveys the very essence of the whole teaching. 'Life and Not-Life'. According to Zoroastrian theology each human being has a principle within himself called urvan which is often translated as 'soul'. The literal meaning of urvan is 'the chooser'. that it only appears as Evil. He was the first to worship the Eternal. as a whetstone for a Zoroastrian to sharpen his determination upon. Evil is like Mephistopheles in Goethe's Faust. . and once the choice is made every step upon the path chosen must be trodden by his own feet. He also worshipped first the Twin Maintainers. But each individual has got complete freedom to choose his own path in life. Evil is necessary in the world in order that Good may ultimately triumph. The Absolute willed to manifest. Angro-Mainyu is as essential for Creation and Manifestation as Spento-Mainyu. and perhaps a more remote. implication from these ideas is that complete freedom is left to the individual to choose his own side in the eternal battle. This point is very finely brought out in the Sraosha Yasht (Y. No Prophet.

and Oriental worlds can turn to the Bible without recognizing COUNTERPARTS on every page. for it has created 'Not-Life'.Satan as a pagan symbol Once the choice is made. He has tempted Sages always. the language in which the historians reported them is very often their own. only 'the Shadow of the Eternal'.S. he is placed in God's garden in the midst of a wilderness called Eden . He suggests the Hebrew shepherds wanting to magnify themselves. of God Himself. Campbell may be right. I." Michael Grant. He has taught that Evil is but a negative aspect of the Divine Life. because they are unauthentic. Information and Misinformation. Taraporewala. Madras. and often quite successfully. TO RENDER AN ARGUMENT CONTRARY TO THE OLDER FAITHS. Routledge.. AngroMainyu is terrible indeed as long as He has power to tempt people with material and temporary happiness. however.what the historians put down. as an alleged record of such speeches. cannot exist. New York. they were not delivered in those terms. planting orchards and harvesting the fruit. Viking Penguin Books. _not_ settled urbanites. Second. was a vital part of ancient historiography. nobody had taken down full notes of them at the time. speeches form an enormous barrier between ancient ideas of historiography and our own conceptions of the same activity.. and there were no handouts describing their contents. 1926 "The writings of the Greek and Roman historians are full of speeches. For one thing. depending upon the distance from God at which the individual stands upon the Path of Asha. ISBN 0-415-11770-4 "No one familiar with the mythologies of the primitive. That is to say. and not that of the speakers.. He notes that Abraham through Jacob are portrayed as wandering shepherds. intentions. becomes a lush garden planted by a God before man's creation (Adam) in the midst of a wilderness called Eden. or even with those contents. are reversing or inverting motifs by _180 degrees_ borrowed from the earlier Mesopotamian culture. Evil by itself does not." Joseph Campbell. steps in and determines the future progress of the individual. therefore. if they ever took place at all. Thus. This would explain how a Mesopotamian city garden which man is created to toil in. apparently _employing inversions_. The uncultivated desert or steppe land in which wandered wild animals and shepherds was called in Sumerian edin." Source: "Speeches. Arkana. with which the works of the ancient historians are filled form a vital part of their historical picture. He tempted Yima and led him to his fall. as Zarathushtra (He of the Golden Light). Instead of man being created to work in a city garden. but it is relative. which declares that a man shall reap exactly as he has sown. because it reflected the backgrounds and explanations of events and the characters. the Eternal Law. 1964. motives. Thus we see that the Lord Zarathushtra has worked out a very satisfactory solution of the problem of the existence and the origin of Evil. TRANSFORMED. aims. London & New York. The speeches. The Masks of God: Occidental Mythology. relieving the Igigi gods. When this last temptation was overcome.they are not history in the modern sense of the word.. or to confound their intellects and souls. ancient. 1995. expectations and reactions of the principal participants." Source: "The Serpent's Bride. They could not possibly have been delivered in the forms in which they were reported. He tried to tempt the Master Himself (as Buddha and Christ were also tempted later) but failed. the Master stood up in His full glory as Teacher of the World. the Hebrews may have reversed or inverted the Mesopotamian "creation of man" myths. 1991 "Campbell noted that the Hebrews. portraying the urban life as depraved and not in God's favor (After the expulsion from the Garden of Eden Cain the agriculturalist and murderer appears and builds the world's first city).J. Then He explained to mankind what Evil was in reality-the Shadow of the Light Eternal." -END EXCERPTExcerpt from: The religion of Zarathushtra. Greek and Roman Historians. Digressions and Cycles. For He had conquered Angro-Mainyu and assuredly He had the best right to explain to humanity the true nature of Evil. took earlier Mesopotamian themes praising city life and applied these motifs to themselves.

you have about 400 years of Greek influence. and denying they were gods possessing power equal to their God Yahweh. for whom all the gods serve as body-guards. many of which were in the capital of Alexandria. become the very thing they were intended to be. and clearly you will see that Jews in Jerusalem. as well as the capital city Alexandria.You who are the Agathos Daimon of the world. Arabs exposed to Latin-speaking cultures. and the Ancient Hebrews ideology of OT. re-tooled the Greek Daemons/Daimons just as they had been before by Hellenized Jews. the only purpose the underworld would serve. and there must be an embodiment of Evil.. became a Daimon. If it were the case that every person that died. were the dead (Daemons) which became Daimones fulfilling roles. Master of Arts in Education (Social Sciences) Arabic lexicons provide the rendered meaning of (d)jinn not only for spirits. transposed into a Daimon (Demon) in the underworld. but also for anything concealed through time. Daimon/Daemon according to the Greeks is entered as an English translation as the Christian Demon. Campbell also notes the motif of man TILLING the city gardens of Sumer and Adam's TILLING the Garden in Eden (emphasis mine)" Source: Walter Reinhold Warttig Mattfeld y de la Torre. The Greek ideology changed dramatically. an evolution into good vs. This is not the case. Refer back to the Greek Magica Papyri. with the Platonic explanation for good and evil (Remember. After all that saturation. You who are set over. The Daimones of the underworld. not only accepted Greek religion. The Ha'Satan of the OT.the world. you'd know that Alexandria was founded in the name of Alexander the Great. Those Jews. How? By uttering God's secret name. living as a Daemon.Satan as a pagan symbol (edin?). conquered Jerusalem and enslaved thousands of Jews. Refer back to the resource I provided Maccabee (books 1-4). In the Hellenistic era. By the time of NT. From the Greek Magical Papyri: "Rejoice with me. They have no human limitations.. If you know your history. they introduced that religion into the Temple where most of the Jews were saturated. becomes something new entirely in the NT. in that you have 'watchers' over mankind. is now lost in NT. you who arise from the abyss. Ptolemy II. That's roughly 800 years of evolution. were settled throughout Egypt. The whisperers in the dark. People often forget that some Jews not only prospered there but gained their freedom and returned to Jerusalem.). Spirit. 3rd Century BC. Often intermediates between men and gods. It's one type of 'living spirit' which is transposed into a new kind of spirit. you who each day rise a young man . and Christians. but are below the gods.. seeping into the hearts of man and making them commit great evil. and it's very clear what the roles of Daimones were. The Djinn. a Daimon. evil. The same applies to Satan. Jewish intellectuals were relegating the gods to the rank of Daimones.. God is good and incapable of evil. would be a Daimon making factory. Magicians were claiming they could control the Daimones. being used to describe these 'beings' which are often described as supernatural beings.

Magica Papyri spell: "I call upon you the headless god who has sight in this feet. page 490-505 The 'dragon' attributed to Satan.. whom Agathos Daimon permitted to rule in the entire Black land (Egypt). were re-tooled and applied to Satan by Hellenized Jews and Christians.Satan as a pagan symbol and set an old man. Which leads me again to the evils of Satan. but the goings on in the kingdom of heaven. that many Jews do not understand that Jesus Christ is the Messiah. for I am the one established in Pelusium" Chapter 7. is attached to Satan as well. It is among the attributes of evil assigned to the devil." In NT.Protect me. 160 years before the birth of Jesus. There was a lot going on at that time. is central to Christian theology.victory over all men and women". Jewish.org/wiki/Hellenistic_civilization . Hellenized Jews were writing Apocalyptic texts. The suffering of Jesus Christ. I beg you lord. Just some examples of how the Hellenist Greek Daimones. the death of philosophers and cultural baggage. Chapter 36. was represented as a snake or some kind of serpent (refer back to the images of the artifacts I have included). do not allow me to be overthrown. The Agathos Daimon. to be plotted against. Noble Death is popular See: http://en. You who are lightening and thunder. I ask to obtain. Egyptian Bes. Moses warns of a false Prophet. and Christian Antiquity by Jan Willem van Henten and Freidrich Avemarie. and does not fulfill the prophesies. and Noble death was popular. you begin to see Jews martyring themselves because they no longer wanted Greek gods and rituals in their Temple.. rather. this is heavily Greek influenced. "Lady Isis. is associated with Lightening.. Satan is described as a fall like lightening from the heavens.. page 211-30. By the time of Books 2-4 of the Maccabees. It is well known.wikipedia. in Egypt. He simply does not meet the criteria outlined by Moses in OT. comes from the Greek 'drakon'. as a Daemon.. Many groups were claiming not only to know the intentions of God. Another great book I can recommend: Martydom and Noble Death: Selected texts from Graeco-Roman. so when we refer to the Book of Revelation. This is around 160 BC. Bes. 2002 It addresses the cultural phenomena of Noble death. Moses provided prophecy of a coming messiah..

Satan as a pagan symbol Why Satan embodies EVIL .

Ea allows the knowledge to be obtained by eating the forbidden food and denies Adapa immortality.Satan as a pagan symbol 1. Edin. this can be witnessed in Genesis. . Adapa is warned not to eat the food of death. that if she ate from the tree she would be just like God. cursed to slither across the earth. the suffering of Christ is central to Christianity. clearly outlines that The Satan can not disobey God. Garden of Eden Edin you decide. Satan. so the gods would not have to and would supply them with all their needs for eternity. Like God. tempts man to disobey God (but remember Man must first disobey to fall subject to Satan's temptations). The Mesopotamians believed the were cultivating the land for the gods. The people were working. Surely you recognize a Hellenized theme here? I encourage you to look at Hellenistic Culture. tests Job on God's behalf. 2. Satan. just like God warns Adam not to eat the forbidden fruit. so that the gods would not have to toil on earth. the serpent told Eve the truth. 6. The Satan. are associated with angels. this is not the being Satan. along your course of study. is short hand for Seri or Seru (depending). God. in NT. then anything that opposes God surely must be evil. the Garden of Eden . controls the earth with legions of demons. Sons of light. Satan becomes the embodiment of evil. are associated with demons and Satan is the Prince and leader of the demons. He tells the truth. a creature of cunning. It is often assumed. on his belly. If God is the embodiment of goodness itself. Serpent usage can be found in historical paganism. is basically a watering hole in the desert where the people would meet to cultivate the land. The 'garden in the desert' which is a collection of gardens in the city and outside of it. Akkadian Eridu. 5. much like Adam and Eve were denied the Tree of Life (and immortality).are similar to the Mesopotamian Edin. 4. Satan. the shape-shifter. Satan is comfortable in the cradle of civilization . is the deceiver. He has control over the dominion of men. Seri/Seru. but it is assumed attributed to the change in NT.fertile ground. the god Ea. The Book of Genesis. tempts Christ. The Serpent.Ancient Mesopotamia Look to the Epic of Gilgamesh. Though Eve claims the serpent beguiled her. more specifically at the mythology of the South Wind. with no limbs. 7. Remember. The Book of Job. In Hebrew "Eden" means 'delight' but also 'well watered' . is likened to Satan even though it is never referred to as such. 3. punishes the Serpent. Sons of darkness. by making him the creature he is today. having knowledge of good and evil (Platonic philosophy).

innocent trust in his god. This theme seems to be apparent. He begins to wear clothes and live in cities. God gives them clothing and they reside elsewhere in 'civilization' vs. the dwellers of villages and cities. Adam and Eve had no need to fear . is now a place to fear for man whereas in the garden of Eden. represents civilization. Why did Ea not want man (Adapa) to possess immortality? Ea is portrayed as a wily trickster god.Satan as a pagan symbol Pay special attention to the wild man of the steppe. Upon realizing Adapa had been given these powers by Ea. This is a bit different than the Garden of Eden of Genesis. when Adapa was offered these items by Anu's servants Gishzida and Dumuzi. he is a god of great wisdom. his god would not betray this trust. but you see similarities. as this god's servant. his god would reciprocate by doing only good for his loyal servant. Outside of the Eden. He apparently thought that if he was blameless before his god and scrupulous in doing all his assigned tasks. So an upset Anu summoned Adapa from Eridu in Sumer to appear at his heavenly abode to give account of himself. the garden. Scholars have noted an animosity existed to some degree between the tent-dwelling nomadic herdsmen and the settled peoples of the land. Edin. The harlot. they are now slaughtered for their flesh. when animals were once his companions. Ea of Eridu in Sumer (modern Iraq) did not want Adapa to possess immortality. There are other comparisons to be made within the creation myths of Ancient Mesopotamians. the hairy mananimal he once was. vs. his trust in his god. Anu apparently concluded if this man has a god's forbidden knowledge (able to control the forces of nature via curses and incantations) he might as well be made a full-fledged god by having immortal life. breaking its wing and causing breezes to stop blowing over Lower Mesopotamia. Adam and Eve. are cast out of the garden. Apparently Ea realized the . thus the bread of life and water were presented for him to consume. This was forbidden knowledge. To prevent this from happening Ea tricked Adapa into believing the bread of life and water of life were in fact the bread of death and the water of death and if he consumed either he would surely die. He believed his god would not deal falsely with his servant. as it relates to the use of pagan in antiquity in Rome. Apparently Anu was upset to learn that Adapa had cursed the southwind deity. Walters writes: ""Adapa's fall from innocence" was in his naive. and in some myths responsible for man's creation. is a flesh eater. After satisfying his sexual lusts (having the knowledge from eating the forbidden food). The changes that occur. once Adam 'knows' Eve (sex). however was another matter. He has animal companions. Adapa's innocence. always ready to care for and look out after his servant's well-being. So. Civilized man. and the events that follow. and the animals do not mistrust until he is exposed to the Harlot. He foresaw that Anu the supreme god who dwelt in heaven would offer Adapa food of life and water of life conferring immortality on him and consequently all of mankind. man was not supposed to know how to overpower a god.especially the beasts of the wild. was betrayed. the animals now see him as human. he refused to consume them .

ethical manner towards each other or towards man. though there's a few essays that made me sit with my mouth open. So. None the less. it's a decent read. Ed. Ea. Adapa's "innocence" was his naively assuming he could trust his god. in Mesopotamian thinking gods do not toil their for food. Ea wisely sabotoged Anu's plan to make man immortal with the bread and water of life. The important concept here is that for the Mesopotamians. In creating man to be their slave. This myth also explains why man does not have immortality. but I only add it as a primer . his scrupulously carrying out his duties for his god and behaving himself. In other words the Mesopotamians did not have a very high opinion of their gods in regards to their ethical treatment of man their slave. their gods did _not_ have to act in a fair. epic fails for focus. were no guarantee that the gods would reciprocate in a like manner (good behavior does not bind a god's hands forcing him to reciprocate by giving "good in return for good"). in the end. end-all. his ability to foree the consequences of present actions surpasses Anu's. In other words. shelter and clothing. shelter and clothing. not foreseeing the grave consequences of such an action: that the gods would have to return to the earth and bear again the grievous toil in providing for themselves life's necessities of food. shelter and clothing if man was made into a god and freed of servitude to the gods. man's purpose in life was to provide the gods with all this.not a beall. yet. that his god would never betray him or act against Adapa's best interests. Chavalas The majority of this book is well-researched and written. If man is given the boon of becoming a god. acting out of self-interest (not wanting to lose his servant and his Sabbath Rest from earthly toil) Ea bushwacked Anu (and Adapa) foiling this god's ill-thought-out rash attempt to bestow immortality on mankind. man does. No fault was found by Ea with his servant Adapa. Ea's wisdom. So. Trickster god in the garden of Edin? Sound familiar? Resource: Mesopotamia and the Bible by Mark W. Anu apparently failed to realize that if man was given immortality and made into a god the gods would lose their Sabbath Rest from earthly toil! The Mesopotamians understood the gods had made man to relieve themselves of the grievous toil upon the earth endured in providing life's necessities for themselves: food. willed it so that the gods would not lose their Sabbath Rest from earthly toil. He does not have it because a god." Source: Walter Reinhold Warttig Mattfeld y de la Torre. then who will provide the gods with life's basic needs: food shelter and clothing? The gods will have to return to the earth and provide these needs for themselves as there will no longer be mortal men to do this grievous labor on their behalf.A.Satan as a pagan symbol "danger" in making man into an immortal god and acted to prevent this from happening by tricking Adapa into thinking the bread and water of life would kill him. resource for examining the Mesopotamian and other cultural links in the Bible . Man's good behavior. In other words. freeing them from toil on the earth for ever. M.

but he. and are "take-offs" of the ancient Egyptian myth of the Dying/Rising god. Baal was a competitor of the Jewish battle god. but the shit hit the fan. which the poet ingeniously compares with a saw. Eventually. assisted by various divinities. at one time Baal had no sanctuary amongst his Canaanite worshipers. began to build the sanctuary. disputes and bloody encounters arose. hurling his lightning. Baal died and with him died the crops. he came back to life and it was the planting season. when the early Jews discovered that YHWH could "grow crops" as well as win battles.Satan as a pagan symbol What about Ba'al? This small head is of the Canaanite agricultural god. Every year in the fall. Baal. Stories like this of a dying/rising god were used to explain the change of season. After these had been settled. by felling cedars on the mountain sides for the structure of the temple. Osiris. Baal himself helped in the building of his sanctuary. refused to take part in the work. YHWH. Clay "Baal-heads" like this were often sown in the fields at planting time.” . lazy as he was wise and immortal. the fertility god put there to encourage the crops to grow. For a time. The construction of a temple began. But in the spring. Religious tablets excavated at Ras Shamra. “Provoked by Baal’s adversaries. It appears that Latpon was appointed overseer. the gods. YHWH triumphed over Baal in Jewish affection. while the goddess Asherat’s own handmaid busied herself in making bricks for the walls.

Israel are telling the truth about the multiple gods of the OT [Old Testament] and prove. The priests who wrote Exodus (15:11) explain his prominence in Jewish worship then and today by acclaiming: "Who is like unto thee. of course. two of the most respected Jewish archaeologists and professors in Tel Aviv. 14.2. and Ezek." "O Lord" is an English title that Bible translators repeatedly and quite deceptively give for the Hebrew word "YHW" in which the ancient Jews failed to add the written vowels. that Yahweh was also Baal/Moloch and was married to his own mother. Here's an excerpt I find relevant: “Larry.. just as the bible itself does.” The link tells the entire sordid tale. 24.7. This.000 times in the Old Testament. among the gods. Josh. O Lord.Satan as a pagan symbol A large part of Baal's temple was uncovered in the excavations at Ras Shamra. . The tablet also describes the death of Baal. YWH is only one of the gods of the Bible. 24 we are told that both in Mesopotamia and Egypt the Israelites worshipped other gods. follows the Sumerian Genesis to a “T. Yahweh gained favor with the people. 20. who appears nearly 7.

As Thomas Paine so rightly wrote. left the church and married due to what they discovered in the DSS. and there is also a wonderful video of the same title on Google. The ancient theme of an original primeval ocean that threatens to break out and engulf the world in killing salt water is also seen in Tiamat. Several of the RC [Roman Catholic] priests/translators became alcoholics. also warned people about the sex and drugs involved in the bible religions and who Yahweh really was but he just got his career and life destroyed by the Vatican for his efforts. primarily growing crops or raising livestock. It is a great and enlightening video for those who truly want the honest truth. but the ignorant Christians will just blame it all on the Devil—like they do everything else they don’t like.” As well as: “These are the reported idols depicting Yahweh of the OT!!!! There are also altars dedicated to him with the same drawings. No wonder the chief editor of the Dead Sea Scrolls. as well as the growth of human populations. Creation. “It seems the bible is more the word of a devil than a god." Source: Einhorn Press Ba‘al religion revolved around the cycles of nature necessary for survival and prosperity in the ancient world. theft and every possible sexual perversion known to mankind. in .Satan as a pagan symbol What other kind of tale would educated people expect to find in that vulgar hateful book? If any of your friends want the bare facts this is the article for them. There have been many handcrafted idols of Yahweh/Moloch unearthed that are unspeakably pornographic which should be no surprise since those people practiced not only human sacrifice. John Strugnell. the threat of a disordered world in which springtime never comes. who was among the original DSS [Dead Sea Scrolls] translators. Marduk represents the forces of order. Those results are finally being published for the world to read for themselves. rape. Tiamat represents those forces that threaten human existence. the coming of spring with its renewal of life and the end of the reign of the chaos and death of winter. "This cosmic battle was not understood as a historical event of the past. Marduk is the spring sun that gives life and renewed energy to the earth. and he will not lie for religion. but occurred anew each year and was reenacted in cultic ritual.” It is the book of demons and people have no clue what they are worshipping. after having one drink too many went on a live interview and blurted out what a horrible religion the Hebrews had and that it should have never been allowed to exist!!! John Allegro. murder. He is an honest Jewish man. Professor Finkelstein is one of the top archeologist in Israel and wrote the book The Bible Unearthed.

Moses' story is a faithful servant of God who leads his people out of bondage. Was Moses a REAL person? A historical person? Let's take a look. Another story that is similar is the story of Hammurabi (6th King of Babylon) who is given the law by his god Shamash (Code of Hammurabi). The common view is that a person is pagan if they are not Judaic. when immersing his bucket lifted me up. raised me as his adopted son. Evil. Istar loved me (so that) 55 years I ruled king. the water drawer. it brought me.. is absurd when clearly the entire religion is wholly pagan by today's definition. The river carried me along: to Aqqi. this is a pagan Devil. Aqqi. it follows suit."She abandoned me to the river from which I could not escape. The name Moses is a combination of Egyptian words that mean child of the water. can be found around the world and the religion of the Abrahamics is no different. . which matched the cultural changes of the era. is given credit for founding Babylon. we have from Sargon tale. the OT is vividly different than the tone of the NT." Source: Dennis Bratcher. Christian or Muslim. At the other end.Satan as a pagan symbol Babylonian thinking. and its first king. was an ongoing struggle between order and chaos. a way of thinking no doubt related to the uncertainties of life in the ancient world. clearly the entire foundation of this religion is based on pagan stories. During my garden work. Since the ancient Israelites were influenced by the people around them. CRI. Theological Resources Suffice to say. If the Devil is an adversary to the God of the Abrahamics. Remember. Sargon's mother was a high priestess. practices. Hmmmmm? By the definitions of what it means to be pagan today. Moses gets the 10 Commandments from God in the mountain.to include the devil. It is based on historical pagan religions. are just edited and retooled for a new world religion. Aqqi. She hid the birth of her child too. She looked for a Hebrew woman to be the infant's wet nurse and hired Moses' own mother to care for the child. Directly from the poetic text of the Epic of Gilgamesh. This was recorded in cuneiform. the water drawer. and characters. this Bible was written over a long period of time and encapsulated paradigm shifts expressed through mythologies. the water drawer. She also put him in a basket and sent him down the river.. The river she sent him down was the Euphrates in Mesopotamia. namely. The ancient Israelites were knowledgeable about Baal and other pagan deities. the Babylonians who were the descendents of the earlier Sumerian culture found in Mesopotamia. set me to his garden work. Good vs. Many of these stories... ideas. She immediately recognized the child was Hebrew and decided to raise him as her own. the water drawer. before the Moses story. They were influenced by the Egyptian culture and religion due to their enslavement in that country as well. symbols. The very idea that there is so much focus on calling these religions NOT pagan. Take a look at Sargon the Great. Moses' mother feared for the life of her infant son so she hid him in a basket and put the basket along to riverbank to sail down the Nile River. He rules over a people. The stories are similar. Aqqi. symbols and characters ." How was it re-tooled for the new mythos? Sargon's story is that of a mighty warrior. Sargon. the Pharaoh's daughter found the infant when she went to bathe.

He says: Be the change that you envision. It is when that internal struggle. People cling to these stories like babes in the night suckling their new mother's breast.Satan as a pagan symbol The era of the inquisitions and witch trials did a number on the psyches of modern pagans. By propagating anti-Abrahamic rhetoric. Ghandi. Our disagreement does not stop me from being neighborly. is Hermeticism. My neighbors from Mexico call me Diabla. many boats. 4. he is quoted often and by many. Even if those beliefs compel them to act. they fear what they don't know about me. this segregates and alienates So what is it that today's modern pagans really want? Clearly. What they do know is I drive a car with an inverted pentagram on the side. As Sargon and Moses traveled down the river in their baskets it lead them to the same place. among many books. or with their neighbors across the sea. 3. and those belong to THEM is segregation and alienation.. it does not stop them from being neighborly. This symbol means devil to them.. is a modern day hero to many modern pagans. because at the end of the day Humanist ideals ring true. they don't really seek to be unified with brethren in the community in which they live. Reader ask yourself this: What do I envision as a unified species. the Mein Kampf. I do not live .of mankind. is brought to the physical battlefield that we endanger each other with our ideas. we are embracing many of the same principles of belief we just label them differently. all the while crying: "Let my people go!" In terms of some pagans romantic desire to unite the human race: 1. and what am I working towards to unify them? Do I even care? Why do I care? Do I prefer discourse or harmony? Why do I prefer either? How does any of this affect my life? Among the philosophies some Satanists adhere to. It is a book. By clinging to labels of pagan vs. By ignoring the similarities and embracing the differences this is segregation and alienation. It's all the same. By claiming that these are OUR religions. Many wish to be accepted in their local communities but they sure are working pretty hard to alienate themselves. Abrahamics is segregation and alienation 2. judge men by what they do not what they believe in. The occultism of the Bible is rich in occult symbolism for us all. Hence. One ocean. I couldn't care less if my Abrahamic neighbors find my beliefs evil. which address the internal Jihad.

Some people thrive in the ocean of philosophy and others drown in its infinite possibilities. it does not provide them. They look for structure and guidance while others prosper in chaos. By examining my fellow humans I gain insight into myself. Nothing like bringing a champion to fight your battles for ya! See you in the arena my mighty gladiators [eye roll]. I'm constantly sticking up my proverbial finger to people who believe they can sway my views without presenting me anything of substance to consider. and I'm pretty fantastic at psychological terrorism. or what ever gets you off. by the amount of willful ignorance.. In spite of my devilry. We are connected to our sense of self and the perceived self of others. sociology and human psychology are hobbies of mine. Many Satanists (especially those who write) are rather harsh with their explanations for why they do what they do. be prepared for the response. for whom or what? And should that whom or what. is that these presentations are due to past failures in engaging me. evil. I make a conscious choice to identify as pagan. My humanist nature compels me to offer insight into my way of thinking. who should decide? Can this decision be universal? Good. and more specifically how Satan can. As I have mentioned earlier in this paper. in spite of those representations. What's even more amusing. 6 young men came to me without hesitation and rocked my car out of the ice. I find it completely amusing when people present other people to me on a silver platter solely based on their debate skills [finger-twirl]. I thrive in an environment of mental stimulation. This fosters understanding both in and out of pagan communities. act as the checks and balances? What is the probability? How do you gauge that? By utilizing social trappings? Satanic philosophy is a modality for seeking answers. I judge men by what they do and not what they believe in. and I have no need to justify that to anyone. I could easily say. However. It also gives my Satanic brethren insight into why a Satanist may wish to self-identify as pagan. stimulate my inner beast it likes to be taken for a thrill ride now and again. and what they think about outside perspectives. You disagree with my point of view? Bada-bing! Let's talk about it! Tell me why. and will be pagan to some . They wave to me when they are walking to the mail box. if you approach me with insulting and pointed questions. even if those beliefs compel their actions. In the case of Satanists. And I in turn am courteous to them. that pagan ignorance damages my Satanic image. they been courteous to me on many occasions. You may not enjoy my game show The field of knowledge is the devil's playground. and will behave that way. What drives them. gives us the sense of uneasiness. I spend a great deal of time self-examining. Let's play! . we communicate with physical gestures due to the language barrier between us. This attachment can be best addressed through the examination of Buddhist principles (as one modality for seeking answers) the Dukkha.Satan as a pagan symbol with my head firmly planted up my own ass. There is a plethora of sources to gain Satanic insight but you may not always like what you find. or does it? What we do certainly carries the potential for harm and what we do is certainly driven by belief. Just because I enjoy stimulating conversation doesn't mean that I desire every conversation to turn into a debate. When I was stuck in the ice last winter. or going to and from work and I wave back. resort to name calling. I have very specific reasons for why I do. I have always been kind to them. What we don't know about each other. Since this harm is highly subjective. No philosophy should speak in absolutes.what we believe harms no one. and stupidity displayed by most self-identified pagans. delusion. I shoot from the hip. Satan. I know that the symbolism that I choose for myself presents ideas and impressions. We are human animals. Philosophy is a thought technology at your disposal. So. I would like to state for the record I'm not a game-show.

” A miktam[b] of David. You have broken us down. You have made us drink the wine that makes us stagger.[d] and when Joab returned and struck down twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. Ephraim also is the defense of my head. that it may be displayed because of the truth. 60:8 Moab is my wash basin. You have torn it. 60:2 You have made the land tremble. I shout in triumph over Philistia. For teaching. 60:3 You have shown your people hard things. Selah. Mend its fractures.” 60:9 Who will bring me into the strong city? Who has led me to Edom? 60:10 Haven’t you. you have rejected us. I will divide Shechem. and answer us. and Manasseh is mine. 60:7 Gilead is mine. again. save with your right hand. 60:4 You have given a banner to those who fear you. When he fought Aram Naharaim[c] and Aram Zobah. 60:6 God has spoken from his sanctuary: “I will triumph. God. rejected us? You don’t go out with our armies. Restore us. 60:11 Give us help against the adversary. . 60:1 God. You have been angry.Satan as a pagan symbol Back to the pagan origins of Satan Source: Bible Gateway Psalm 60 For the director of music. I will throw my shoe on Edom. To the tune of “The Lily of the Covenant. for it quakes. God. Judah is my scepter. and measure out the valley of Succoth. 60:5 So that your beloved may be delivered.

though perhaps we err in mentioning so carnal a verse-. Clearly. Many people refer to this text for 'historical magic'.. There is a possibility it has deeper meaning. at least to me. 51. These Psalms are 3. Nothing is pure. but it helps us much to expound the Psalm. is often considered a copy error. Charge for the golden lilies now. Authorship of Psalms The religion of the Papyri Graecae Magicae.. In other interpretations. Jewish. 60:12 With God we will gain the victory. is an elaborate syncretism of Greek. The papyri date mostly from the second century BCE to the fifth century or so CE. there is an influence by the cultural religions of the era. 56. Abrahamic becomes pagan. but neglect the cultural influences of religion. but this results from the fact that we do not know what was in the composer's mind. 52. perhaps the music or the musical instruments have more to do with this title than the Psalm itself. 57. Thirteen Psalms have headings that refer to some event in the life of David. Syria of the two rivers (Mesopotamia) and Aram-Zobah. See Chronicles The number killed. Tunes have strange names apparently. the application is established Abrahamic religion. 'Adversary' is replaced with 'Enemy'. Syria of the watchmen. Here is a lengthy title. fair gentlemen of France. Music of the Bible "TITLE. 54."Now by the lips of those ye love. The word psalms is derived from the Greek Ψαλμοί (Psalmoi). and represented the kingly warrior in his beauty going forth to war. they should do their homework. 7. or the Lily of Testimony. upon them with the lance. 34. and pagans interpret it to be void of Abrahamic influence. While the original context is based on 'pagan' ideals. else they might seem to be touchingly appropriate. Egyptian. This syncretism is evident in the Papyri in a variety of ways.Satan as a pagan symbol for the help of man is vain. (Coelosyria). 63 and 142. and smote twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt. . from psallein "play on a stringed instrument". here we see him dividing the spoil and bearing testimony to the glory of God. perhaps originally meaning "songs sung to a harp". and even Babylonian and Christian religious influences engendered by the unique milieu of Greco-Roman Egypt." Sounds a lot like the Magica Papyri. and one remembers Macaulay's Song of the Hugenots. Yet in war songs. In this case. The forty-fifth was on the lilies. 18. when Joab returned. 60. 59. and he will trample down our enemies. . If pagans seek a clear division of what is THEIRS and what is OURS. roses and lilies are often mentioned. To the Chief Musician upon Shushaneduth.

Even when the more religiously slanted students questioned the material being taught (as it related to Theology). F. the teachers handled those questions objectively. my Ancient History classes were my favorite. the work of several authors from differing dates. According to the Talmud. The teachers of both History and Science. When I attended Catholic High School. L. As you see the stories traced through history. Saint Clare High School. 2005 The reason you see 'Biblical Hebrew' terms: Tanakh was composed mostly in Biblical Hebrew and Biblical Aramaic (the Book of Daniel. They were secular teachers. and have since remained unchanged. I also loved how they were objectively taught. New York: Oxford University Press. Sources: Psalms. Modern scholars believe that the process of canonization of the Tanakh became finalized between 200 BCE and 200 CE. The Oxford dictionary of the Christian church." Cross. it becomes apparent that these stories were in existence long before the Hebrews codified their own religious beliefs. thank you for that education and further driving my passions.Satan as a pagan symbol Other scholars think the Psalms is a postExilic collection of poems. Book of.. . were not nuns. ed. and wrote them down. much of the contents of the Tanakh were compiled by the "Men of the Great Assembly" by 450 BCE. Nor were they theologians. some parts of the Book of Ezra and a few other passages).

Satan as a pagan symbol The Near East Ancient Near East .

Pritchard What MakesCivilization?.Edited by James B. Edited by James B. Pritchard The Ancient Near East Volume II.Satan as a pagan symbol Religion: I refer you to these books: Ancient Civilizations of the Near East & Mesoamerica The Ancient Near Easat Volue I. David Wengrow .

coupled with artifacts we can assess that the Egyptians believed in super-natural forces. but in use by a huge region. There was a big focus on the 'hunt' in Egyptian civilization. not just for survival but it was considered subduing the wild and controlling these 'forces'. Vivid imaginations. they have believed were 'real' creatures living in the wild among the animal kingdom. These hippo wands were given mostly to women and children. Many of the artifacts show these creatures holding magic wands. to protect them against these harmful demons which would bring illness. At close examination. As well as selfhypnosis. I might add. ceremony and ecstatic euphoria. The men would take the warrior position and seek to battle these forces directly using their magic and magical weaponry. Some of which. or did they experience their own apparitions and manifestations? It would serve you well to examine trance culture. and religious ritual. Based on the writing we have discovered. . The Egyptians had protective demons. the Egyptians didn't seem to have a clear distinction between what they considered gods and demons.Satan as a pagan symbol Consider the demons of Ancient Egypt. some of hippos teeth. Egyptian and Nubian artifacts show that these ideas were not only wide-spread. as well as demons which could cause strife for man.

and symbols of malice. is an example of a creature used by the Egyptians.il/ad/egypt/bestiary/serpopards. They protected the Egyptians from wild animals. Example of Mesopotamian Serpopards. because they appear in both Mesopotamian and Egyptian artifacts. symbols of protection.. The Temple of Esna (2nd century AD). should be of special interest. This website has a fairly decent collection of images: http://www.htm I chose the Serpopards specifically. which may seek to harm them. Romanization begins.. I recommend these books: Not a bad book to have on your shelf as a quick reference: . It's a decent example of the changes in thought throughout the Egyptian kingdom.reshafim. Serpopards. we begin to see a shift in the hieroglyphs. Rather than using the hybrid animal/man symbolism they had in the past for protection. The sigil of Osiris became the popular protective agent.org.Satan as a pagan symbol By the time of the Roman invasion.

compare B. 100b. he. caused the earth to be filled with demons. 'Er. Shek. Only rationalists like Maimonides and Abraham Ibn Ezra . demonology never became an essential feature of Jewish theology. Their point of view eventually became the mainstream Jewish understanding. and evil spirits" (Gen. 21a). 73b. the queen of demons is Lilith . most accepted their existence as a fact. the demons were believed to be under the dominion of a king or chief. 24b). The reality of demons was never questioned by the Talmudist s and late rabbis. Pay special attention to anything with wings The King and Queen of Demons "In some rabbinic sources. 110a. Samael ("the angel of death"). for Satan dances between his horns" (Pes. separated from Eve for 130 years. or shedim. either Asmodai (Targ. 'Er. "When Adam. lilin. and called the "mother of Ahriman " (B. Much like in Christian demonology. According to Zoroastrianism . Yer. Nor did most of the medieval thinkers question their reality. based on surviving spells. B. to Eccl. Ḳ. Pes. Occasionally a demon is called " Satan ": "Stand not in the way of an ox when coming from the pasture. 49b) or. 18b. and is called "chief of the devils".Satan as a pagan symbol Post-Romanization.. prescriptions. pictured with wings and long flowing hair." Source: Encyclopedia Britannica . Nid. R. by impure desire. xx. clearly denied their existence. 112b. doing penance for his sin. who kills by his deadly poison. in the older Haggadah . 13.) Though the belief in demons was greatly encouraged and enlarged in Babylonia under the influence of the Zoroastrianism that was the religion of the Persian Empire ( Parsee ) notions. i. and apotropaic devices suggests the theory that these hostile entities were divided into sub-types in the Egyptian worldview.

Being barefoot was only previously allowed on images of the gods. at the top. Augustus did not wish to be depicted a god (unlike the later emperors who embraced divinity). and here appears in the act of returning the standards captured from his legions). Augustus is shown barefoot. The figure behind him has been identified as Pompeianus who was Marcus Aurelius's son-in-law and closest advisor. The small Cupid (son of Venus) at his feet (riding on a dolphin.. his genius. Decent link: http://employees. but it may also imply that the statue is a posthumous copy set up by Livia of a statue from the city of Rome in which Augustus was not barefoot.oneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth200/politics/aurelia. including Mars. which indicates that he is a hero and perhaps even a god. The convention is regularly shown in individual figures like the famous Augustus of Primaporta or can be put into a narrative context as seen in the Aurelian panel. addressing the troops. (breaks down all the imperial posturing. Germania. god of war. the chariot of the Sun illuminates Augustus's deeds.. Parthia (that had humiliated Crassus. carrying a consular baton and raising his right hand in a rhetorical "adlocutio" pose. Venus's patron animal) is a reference to the claim that the Julian family were descended from the goddess Venus. which was acceptable in the Greek East but not yet in Rome itself.Satan as a pagan symbol Augustus Caesar During his lifetime. Gaul. Characteristic of the formula is the outstretched hand of speech as well as the contrapposto pose with the weight clearly shifted to one leg. as well as the personifications of the latest territories conquered by him: Hispania.) as but . and also adds a civilian aspect to an otherwise military portrait. as thoracatus —or commander-in-chief of the Roman army (literally. This context articulates Marcus Aurelius's role as imperator or leader of the army. the commander of the army. Augustus is shown in this role of "Imperator". this statue has many thinly-veiled references to the emperor's "divine nature". Here Marcus Aurelius is shown addressing his army. alluding to diverse Roman deities. he is in military clothing. Adlocutio: the adlocutio is one of the most widely represented formulas of Roman art.a way of claiming divine lineage without claiming the full divine status. made by both Augustus and by his adoptive father Caesar . thoraxwearer) — meaning the statue should form part of a commemorative monument to his latest victories. The bas-reliefs on his armored "cuirass" have a complex allegorical and political agenda.

Satan as a pagan symbol

My ode to Pax Romana, photo credit SIN JONES, December 2010 AS. Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) is considered the first emperor of the Roman Empire, which he ruled alone from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. Born Gaius Octavius Thurinus, he was adopted posthumously by his great-uncle Gaius Julius Caesar in 44 BC via his last will and testament, and between then and 27 BC was officially named Gaius Julius Caesar. In 27 BC the Senate awarded him the honorific Augustus ("the revered one"), and thus consequently he was Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus. Because of the various names he bore, it is common to call him Octavius when referring to events between 63 and 44 BC, Octavian (or Octavianus) when referring to events between 44 and 27 BC, and Augustus when referring to events after 27 BC. In Greek sources, Augustus is known as Ὀκτάβιος (Octavius), Καῖσαρ (Caesar), Αὔγουστος (Augustus), or Σεβαστός (Sebastos), depending on context. The Emperor credited to the Pax Romana, the Roman Peace. In January of 27 BC, the Senate gave Octavian the new titles of Augustus and Princeps. Augustus, from the Latin word Augere (meaning to increase), can be translated as "the illustrious one". It was a title of religious rather than political authority. According to Roman religious beliefs, the title symbolized a stamp of authority over humanity—and in fact nature—that went beyond any constitutional definition of his status.

Satan as a pagan symbol

Augustus was granted the right to hang the corona civica, the "civic crown" made from oak, above his door and have laurels drape his doorposts. This crown was usually held above the head of a Roman general during a triumph, with the individual holding the crown charged to continually repeat "memento mori", or, "Remember, you are mortal", to the triumphant general. Additionally, laurel wreaths were important in several state ceremonies, and crowns of laurel were rewarded to champions of athletic, racing, and dramatic contests. Thus, both the laurel and the oak were integral symbols of Roman religion and statecraft; placing them on Augustus' doorposts was tantamount to declaring his home the capital. However, Augustus renounced flaunting insignia of power such as holding a scepter, wearing a diadem, or wearing the golden crown and purple toga of his predecessor Julius Caesar. If he refused to symbolize his power by donning and bearing these items on his person, the Senate nonetheless awarded him with a golden shield displayed in the meeting hall of the Curia, bearing the inscription virtus, pietas, clementia, iustitia—"valor, piety, clemency, and justice." The cult of Divus Augustus continued until the state religion of the Empire was changed to Christianity in 391 by Theodosius I. Theodosius was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. During his reign, the Goths secured control of Illyricum after the Gothic War - establishing their homeland south of the Danube within the empire's borders. He also issued decrees that effectively made the Catholic Church and Nicean Christianity the official state religion of the Roman Empire. For the first part of his rule, Theodosius seems to have ignored the semi-official standing of the Christian bishops; in fact he had voiced his support for the preservation of temples or pagan statues as useful public buildings. In his early reign, Theodosius was fairly tolerant of the pagans, for he needed the support of the influential pagan ruling class. However he would in time stamp out the last vestiges of paganism with great severity. When he no longer needed their support, those pagans were discarded and their power removed.

Satan as a pagan symbol

His first attempt to inhibit paganism was in 381 when he reiterated Constantine's ban on sacrifice. In 384 he prohibited haruspicy on pain of death, and unlike earlier anti-pagan prohibitions, he made non-enforcement of the law, by Magistrates, into a crime itself. In 388 he sent a prefect to Syria, Egypt, and Asia Minor with the aim of breaking up pagan associations and the destruction of their temples. The Serapeum at Alexandria was destroyed during this campaign. Theodosius died on Jan. 17, 395, leaving the East to Arcadius and the West to a younger son, Honorius, who had been proclaimed Augustus in 393. This division of the empire became permanent. A serious illness soon after his accession prompted Theodosius's early baptism, which Christian Roman emperors usually postponed till their deathbeds. This made him very susceptible to the pressures of the Church, and he came particularly under the influence of Ambrose, the strong-willed bishop of Milan, who repeatedly placed him under heavy penance when his justice was hotheaded or severe. Theodosius was a devoted persecutor of Christian heresies, and in 391 he officially closed all the empire's temples and forbade the practice of all pagan cults. Recommended books: The Emperor Theodosius and the Establishing of Christianity by Noel Q. King The Later Roman Empire by A.H.M. Jones Theodosius: the empire at bay by Stephen Williams

Satan as a pagan symbol

Arcadius, was considered a weak ruler of the Eastern Empire. He was dominated by both his wife, and court politics.

Aegyptus sive de providentia, Synesius of Cyrene is a mythology/allegory which describes the events of the attitude towards the Goths at this time, as well as the anti-barbarian movement of the Empire.

By 399, Arcadius order the demolition of all pagan temples. As Emperor, he was charged with bringing the empire to peace by uniting the people with one singular religion The Laws of Arcadius were set forth. An overview of Christian Law 4th Century Honorius, Theodosius younger son was put in charge of the Western Empire. We are talking of a boy of 10. The Popes of Rome, as well as the Military (General Stilicho), were his primary advisors. He reigned in the midst of the anti-Barbarian movement and was often influenced to make strategic moves to wipe them out. This would cause retaliations and several battles which would lead to the sacking of Rome in 410. Honorius moved the capital to Ravenna in 402 because it was easier to defend against the constant attacks by the Barbarian tribes. After an invasion by the Visigoths in 402 he fled to Asti, Stichilio led the Roman army to victory but a huge Barbarian army (500,000+) lead another attack in 406, when they are defeated again. Honorius was at Bononia in 408, when he heard of his brother's death. Stilicho went off to the Constantinople to maintain order but while he was gone Olympius (a minister) had Honorius' ear. Convincing him of conspiracy and Stilicho was aligning with the Barbarians to over-throw Honorius. He was arrested, and executed. Honorius had any associates of Stilicho killed, to include his son. His wife (the second daugther of Stilicho) was removed from the throne and Honorius' mother put in her place. Honorius was being used by any influential politician or clergyman of the time. Which eventually lead to the sacking of Rome in 410. Churches and temples remained unharmed but the affect on the Roman people was far more damaging. Honorius did little to defeat his enemies which controlled Rome, called The City of God, by the Roman people.

which were also brought to the Western Empire. Basically. . It contained 65 decrees aimed at Christian Heretics. all of the laws of the now Christian Empire since the year 312. they say. Theodosius II became Emperor of the Eastern Empire (son of Theodosius I).' So great. This was roughly 425.Satan as a pagan symbol He's often called the Chicken Shit Emperor. was the folly with which this emperor was possessed. having no heir Joannes was appointed for about a year until Theodosius II appointed Valentinian III. The "Law" was enforcing Christianity across the divide Empire of Rome. It was published Codex Theodosianus in 438. He reigned 408 . and formalized into a system of law.450. All the laws since Constantine I were collected. attributed to a story that upon hearing of the sacking of Rome he was in shock and didn't believe it. "I thought that my fowl Rome had perished." Source: Procopius. The Vandalic War He died in 423 of Edema. and was responsible for Law Code and a University in Constantiople. He thought that the news was about a chicken he named Roma.

Not that it was wholly Christian minded. The Druids were a special focus. it began. he was Baptized on his death bed and there is no written record of him ever having been Christian during his lifetime. which allowed Jews to practice their religion within Rome. At this time. when the religion of Rome became Christianity. giving credence to the idea that he was becoming progressively more Christian towards the end of his life. to include the murder of his son. There was a very small population of Christians by the end of his reign. but with the arrival of the first Christians.Satan as a pagan symbol In 399. Claudius had forbidden their rituals in 54 AD. was the 'Jewish Tax. attributed to the alleged practice of human sacrifice. that all pagan religions would be wiped out by the destruction of temples. and this can be examined further by looking at some of the things he did during his 'Christian' era. and if he intended to Christianize the Empire he would have done so during his reign. He persecuted a specific group of Christians (Donatists) but mostly out of fear. He did however write against pagan religions. and other magic in fear it would be used to rise up against him as Emperor. Although Constantine is being attributed of being the first Christian Roman Emperor.only to return later. In spite of having paid the tax. they too were claiming to have the word of Christ so he decided to push them out as well. They were causing too much discourse within the city. The Jews were expelled from the city of Rome with Tiberius. wife. same as the laws he enacted against divination. . on through 438 with laying down the law. and enuch priests of Egypt. both groups were forced out . and was enforced by future emperors. Any law he was putting forth were attributed to his fear over those he thought might rise against him.

if they were abiding by all other laws. he even wrote a law for the banishment of Christians during public sacrifices. Since many lived outside the city. back to the Theodosian Code.com/old/Theodosian/CTh16.7 There is no statue of limitations for investigating apostates in the matter of their wills. But Christians may not attack or plunder Jews or pagans. did not intend for the Roman Empire to be wholly Christian. protected pagans and Jews. 16.they were not considered educated to be able to make an educated decision to go against Roman law. he legislated that it be a day of rest for the Roman people. They were considered an upper-class citizen for this reason.fourthcentury. . They must pay back three times as much as what they took from an innocent pagan or Jew.10. In 323. however dealt with pagans who were exiled from the city of Rome. and those who do disagree as to the day of Easter may have their property taken and be sent into exile. vs. he was more concerned with what was going on in private. were aligned with for political reasons in the past. therefore they were a lower-class citizen to begin with. You can peruse the laws here: http://www. While his attitude towards some pagan rites and observances seemed to be hyper-critical at times. legislating a singular religion for Eastern/Western Empire. The rural pagan. he did still support pagan practice and observances. Sol Invictus (Sunday) was the holiday observed for the sun god. 16. This gives us evidence that at least Constantine I. also sought the advice of augers (divination through the flight patterns of birds). Many of the city dwelling pagans. 24 reads: Manichaeans. preferably Christians. AND. and in country areas . Pepyzites. gifts and testaments will be rescinded for those who made sacrifices after becoming Christians. Pagans are to be exiled and have their possessions confiscated. Constantine I.23. and not harming anyone. and their goods must be given to kinsmen.10. . and pagan rites.Satan as a pagan symbol In spite of his view against pagans. The general Roman attitude towards pagans was based upon location. 16. those that resided in cities. Also. This law. he allowed public divination. When drawing from his 'laws' it was more so about which groups might rise up against him vs.7. and whether or not they were abiding by Roman law.htm This dealt directly with the use of the term pagan as the country dweller. Now. if they resided outside the city and in the country areas. They may not give a testament.

Leontius. by 457 (Leo I) who would not only hit the officials but any person having knowledge of pagan rites or practice (472). 16.Satan as a pagan symbol This addresses the watchful eye over the city dwelling pagans. harsher anti-pagan laws were put in place but now aimed at pagan intellectuals attempting to revive ancient practices. As a result of the revolt. Many of these stories were written hundreds of years after Jesus was to believed to have lived. This was commonplace. is Eastern Emperor 474-475. Many of these laws were written only months apart.25 Pagan sacrifices are forbidden. and detecting pagan symbolism was not persecuted as vehemently as people are led to believe. Zeno regained his position in 476. By 450 and with the death of Theodosius II. based on the goings-on within the Roman capital. there was a campaign against Zeno attributed to the religiosity of the Empire. and was executed. The early intellectuals which were converted to the new religion could easily take pagan stories and give them the fancy window dressing of the new saga. in hopes of reviving the old religions. who would be required to become Christian to stay in the city. . and the tattle on their neighbors. Zeno. Marcian becomes emperor who would enforce the law by penalizing officials for not enforcing it on the citizens.7 Those who make pagan sacrifices or prayers will be penalized with the loss of property. and sacrifice this law directly address the consequences for doing so.10. and went after Leontius who hid out and managed to escape Zeno for about 4 years but was captured in 488 along with Illus. Christianization of the empire was considered irreversible.hit them in the wallet. took the OT stories to a new level. NT. So now you have the people persecuting the people to not only keep their own money but gain favor with officials. Suffice to say. The penalties got more strict. Anyone who mocks this law faces execution. 16. was the candidate supported by pagans. Hellenized Jews and Christians were writing the stories of OT. Pagan ideologies are given a new aesthetic. Money. When Anastasius took the throne in 491. Any pagan hoping for a return of polytheism. As Hellenized paganism is being suppressed. and into the next era.10. THIS. a seizure of property . as time goes on the attitude towards pagan religion gets more harsh as time goes on. the stories would remember them but with a new face. is precisely how paganisms make it in to Biblical doctrine. Pagan temples and shrines are to be torn down and replaced with the symbol of Christianity: the cross. as well an abolition of anti-pagan laws had to put on a good face or else succumb to them. If they were performing public rites.

Satan as a pagan symbol Timeline   313 By Edict of Milan Constantine and Licinius establish toleration of Christianity. and other Greek cities are destroyed. one could notice that [during the reign of Constantine] all rituals were performed properly" and "he [Constantine] did not prohibit [pagan] sacrifices". From the 6th century. 529Emperor Justinian closes the Academy of Athens. to convert them to Christianity. are considered monotheists and as such are permitted to survive. the capital of the Sassanid emperor Khosrau I. The Franks were converted in the 5th century. Constantine I "did not bring any change to the traditional [=pagan] worship. proclaims restoration of Hellenic worship. Sabians.[5] This was typical of the Christianization of Europe. firstly among the Franks. Christianity becomes official state religion of the Roman Empire. the pagan monuments of Athens and Greece were the best preserved among other monuments in the late Roman Empire. Athos. Constantinople. 389-391Theodosian decrees. As German historian Gregorovius.. resist the attempt of Tarasius. The Lombards adopted Catholicism as they entered Italy. 415 Mob-killing of Hypatia. adopted Arianism. the last pagan Emperor. According to Zosimus (book 2 of his "History"). In the 4th century some Eastern Germanic tribes. 440 to 450 All Hellenic monuments. after Clovis I's conversion to Catholicism in 496. Constantine erected two pagan temples in his capital.. Mt.        SEE: The Decline of Hellenized paganism on Wikipedia for closer examination of this time-line "The early rise of Germanic Christianity was. an East Germanic tribe. Patriarch of Constantinople. 804Hellenes of Laconia. although it would take until the 7th century for the population to abandon some of their pagan customs. The Nabatean Agriculture was said by Maimonides to have been an accurate record of the beliefs of the Sabians in the Harranian area. Germanic tribes were converted (and re-converted) by missionaries of the Roman Catholic Church. 651Harran conquered by the Arabs. as the Bible was codified. Pro Templis. Unlike the history of Christianity in the Roman Empire. mainly due to voluntary conversion on a small scale. Greece. to some degree descendants of Hellenic tradition. thus. and practices through out. in his "History of Athens" says. It would be difficult to showcase purely 'Christian'. conversion of the West and East Germanic tribes took place "top to bottom". later known as simply 'The Devil' what part of this character is wholly Abrahamic? . 'Jewish'.B. Cameron claim that the Academy continued to exist for almost 50–60 years after 529. Aigeai. You can see the presence of pagan stories. altars and Temples of Athens. With this act. Christian and pagan practices would effectively exist in parallel". When addressing the pagan symbolism expressed through the character. characters. According to pagan rhetor Libanius (Address to Theodosius. 329-335 Constantine orders destruction of Hellenic temples at Didyma. notably the Goths. Modern historians such as Blumental and A. Some of the remaining Academy members--"whose occupation was gone" according to J. Baalbek etc. Olympia. in the sense that missionaries aimed at converting Germanic nobility first. Bury[105]--flee to Ctesiphon. or 'Islamic' ideologies for this reason. edited and released in various versions. On through the ages. In 498 (497 or 499 are also possible) he let himself be baptised in Reims. which would then impose their new faith on the general population. 361-363 Emperor Julian. also during the 6th century. 6 and 37). the Frankish Kingdom became Christian. after Clovis I's conversion to Catholicism.

or 'nature-based' ideologies espoused through neo-paganism.9% in 2006 Source: Year Book Australia. with re-tooled paradigms Consequences for disobedience and not appeasing God(s) So where does that leave Satan in the 21st century? Loved. The invention of Satan was an inevitability attributed to man's nature. one could argue that the cosmology of Satan is wholly natural. For rejecting Satan's existence in the human psyche would be unnatural. http://www.1% in 1901 to 63.. mythologies.au/ausstats/abs@. On one hand. with the national census recording the number of Christians going from 96.. Satan was birthed from old stories.gov. Retrieved 2005-03-27.Satan as a pagan symbol At this point. it has been ever present in the earth-dwellers.nsf/dc057c1016e548b4ca256c47002. But wait. Because Christianity offered Australians much in terms of charity and welfare... culture to culture around the world. many activists worked towards preservation of the Aborigine culture and history.. On the other. 2004.abs. Hellenist. it had such an impact on their culture that it began to change. respected and feared Invoked and evoked through the creators: mankind In terms of the 'earth-based'.there's more! While Australia is a highly secular country. and Neo-platonic ideologies: ♦ ♦ ♦ Good vs. shape and mold to the Christian view. I have expressed the attributes of this devil which can be traced back to Platonic. . Evil Ancient stories. It was a give and take with regard to Aborigines. it was able to gain a firm footing down-under. Satan did not fall from the heavens unto the earth. Australian Bureau of Statistics. hated. The wide-spread of Christianity in Australia dates back to the Colonial era.

Sikh—0. No religion—15.70.html Seems that there are dividing faiths Catholic.4%. Pentecostal.5%. Lutheran.4%.Satan as a pagan symbol News reports show Church powers trying to get a tighter grip on the people: http://www.bbc. and Pentecostal animosity.com. It seems to be suffering a decline: http://www.au/articles/2004/09/14/1094927585127.uk/local/cornwall/hi/people_and_places/religion_..au/article. Jewish—0. others—0.eurekastreet.5%.christiantoday. Muslim—1.com. From the religion point of view the population of Australia can be rated as: Christians-.theage.9%.1%. Based on the surveys I've seen..9%.co.5%.. Not even down-under is immune! Catholicism is heavily pagan with a devil at its core! .. Hindus—0.aspx?aeid=13462 http://au.com/article/christianity-is-dwindling-in-a. Celtic Christianity in Australia: http://news. Buddhists —1. the Catholicism maintain 50% of adherents.

Satan as a pagan symbol The Devil-worshipping Yezidis Al-Jilwah The texts of the Yezidi people have been examined and classified as Devil Worship. Mal'ek Taus was born in a summerland where the mountains are violet and the skies clear.e. in this case 'Master Angel'). and he is often considered the devil himself which is why the Yedzidi people are often called 'devil worshippers'. The central character in their own Cosmology is Malek Teus. often equated with the devil. I often wondered if the symbolism of angels is what inspired the creation of faery characters in mythology. is similar to an angel. poor Taus. It is often referred to as the 'Peacock Angel'. then there's the issue of determining which stories pre-date Abrahamic religion. dispatch as a deputy. It's a common misconception. the crest held a star. foreign face. The main characters in the Yedzidi belief system are 7 main Angels. Their seal color was blue. Malek Teus. it could be the inspiration for fairy wings (then of course the inspiration from the insect kingdom i. They wed for political reasons. therefore this is why many Satanists correlate the Yezidis with Satanism. dragonflies. . If we take a look at the peacock angel. cicada flies). the breeding was mixed. This is a common misconception. Quoting myself from other writing: "The Hebrew word for Angel is Mal'ak (Mal'ek)which means: messenger. This is a misunderstanding. or ambassador (it has also been interpreted to mean 'Master'. with peacock symbolism. therefore they are not devil worshipers but rather devotees of God. and mistranslation. And the Shining Star. within the stories gained favor with God. The Angel of the Yedzidi's is 'Mal'ak Taus' symbolized by the peacock. The Yedzidi people aspire to be like Mal'ak to gain favor with God. The Muslims demonize Mal'ak Taus. was heir to that house. They aspire towards God. Her father was a king of the people. Mal'ek Taus is often referred to as a 'she' character but I have also seen it referred to as a 'he' character. Malek Teus. her mother a sad. and the beautiful colors of the peacock feathers. butterflies. so the Yezidi people try to emulate Malek in order to gain favor with God themselves.

and they could speak without making a sound. the giants turned against them and devoured mankind. Hercules was such a man.. mostly sons of the gods (and indeed. who through pride and conceit tried to overthrow God and lost the battle to be cast from heaven. and cast for eternity into the darkness of a desert referred to as Dudael. and singing I went from hand to hand as His vassal. The Watcher leader was "bound hand and foot.the nemesis of David from the Bible . about how the angels came to earth and clothed themselves in human flesh. and so was joined by other Elohim to rebel against their lord and master. his angel. or the Elohim. Those were dark times.. and with my wound I fled punishment and came to Earth. to Earth where the beauty of human women caught them in a spell." (from The Book of Enoch) These giants are called the Nephilim. and help guide humanity as it grew and developed into the perfect being God had planned them to be. Bene ha-elohim means "Sons of the goddesses"). With her stature. throughout oral history there are accounts of giants. "To the earth. and Earth had become their home.was such a giant. and the father was dark. eager to serve him in all ways. Still others bear witness that they had wings and traveled astrally quite frequently to the Heavenly realm. who were physical in every sense of the word." (From the Ashes of Angels) The wars had begun. these angels. or the Grigori. One of the most famous rebellions is that of Lucifer. nothing more. My lands and title fell under His domain. who either commit outrageous sins or miraculous deeds. the tale of Satan. There is a legend. and she was small. the mother was fair and winged. who also rebelled against God. that they would be persecuted no more. The heavenly being swallowed me and. And Taus came to the unborn body of a familial cousin. this is how some of the angels came to earth. rugged . and so they and their children were cast down. recorded in the Book of Enoch (and in other texts). It was against God's will that the Watchers breed with the humans. wooly hair and eyes that glowed like fire. She took the girl child's form for her own. as its pearl. The people of Earth cried out. but there was one separate order of creatures known as the Watchers. Indeed. Some hold the belief that the Watchers were shamanistic humans. They took wives. And when men could no longer sustain them. They understood humans better than all of God's hosts. I was wounded.Satan as a pagan symbol Malek Taus comes from a class of angels. and this put them in a unique position in Heaven. Indeed. It is told . There is another tale. first human man. these beings came. and upon being cast from his station over the Earth was transformed into a wicked and hideous creature. and they bare great giants.a human. she walked into the gates of the Winged Folk and sold herself for the sake of her people. whose height was three thousand ells: who consumed all the acquisitions of men. when the Nephilim roamed the earth and the Watcher-angels ruled. the reputed creator of the Heavens and Earth) are nonphysical beings made of light and sound. But civil war brought me to ruin. The Grigori. Also. were physical in every way. and their cries were heard. Revolts among the Watcher and angelic ranks is a common theme throughout the oral and written history of the world. I came out a new being. and his people besides. Their visages bore resemblance to the snake. God ordered them to watch. My song was pure and sweet. Goliath . I came out again as Blue. They are said to have had white. it is believed. so it is believed. "And they (the mortal women) became pregnant. he refused to bow down before newly-created Adam. Most angels (servants and creations of God. In another version.

Their precious Peacock Angel was pardoned. and so I rebelled. And so I destroyed as commanded and fought for my masters. But they betrayed me. When they worship their age-old symbol. She was trusted. vibration and sound in perfection. suffering torment and waiting for the day when God will bring him forward to face his crimes. They slipped a metal pole beneath my bonds so that I could not sing. Some believe the Peacock Angel . Reports of Malek Taus's demise are exaggerated: some believe the adversary is still bound in the pits. they revere in the symbol of their fallen lord. The Yezidi believe he was pardoned. and so I was cast into the pits to be tortured until the end of my days. And in the dark halls of my former lords. Freedom was a tantalizing taste on my tongue. She was trusted and stood by God's throne to be commanded only by the most high being of all.. It was in those pits. and worked my way into a most trusted position. the one who had betrayed me bore witness to my treason. alive.has escaped and roams the earth.as Lucifer . God had created her the most beautiful of all. this Malek Taus. Lucifer was the Most Beloved by God. worshipers are known to stop and kiss the image of a blackened snake. Others feel Lucifer roams the earth as his punishment. Loyally. so they say. . I wept as I was carried thus with no food nor water.Satan as a pagan symbol that he roams the Earth. and my people were transformed into twisted mockeries of life.. as a wicked and angry spirit that tries to trick the righteous into committing acts that would doom them to Satan's kingdom for all eternity. They revere it. Oh. how I craved it! But. With my blue banner behind me. this Lucifer. and reinstated in the ranks of the being he tried to displace. For a week. was the head of all angels. then I was captured and taken to my former lords. they do so with snake and bird. Upon entering the tomb of Sheikh Adi. and they carried me like a hunting trophy. they acknowledge Mal'ek Taus and the position God had given him. I fought for the people I helped to harm. he and his bedfellows. that I became lost.

should question God. they just are.how did he gain favor? The Yazidis do not question.. See you in HELL! Wait. which is akin to heaven. 42 judges of the divine. so wicked .which one? Many cultures have concepts of hell. Yazidi and Yezidi spellings are acceptable. Teus is illumination. They are ecstatic people. Other religions decided that this is in direct opposition with God.as others perceive it. If you have not studied the culture and read the texts. A place of judgment. Rather. It is conceived as the home of Satan. not the devil. men . their beliefs center on God. A man + a Houri = illuminated people to be. a perfect male child (Jar) who married 'a Houri' and they birthed the Yazidi people. So here's a mythology for you. When Eve opened hers.Satan as a pagan symbol Malek Teus. and a foul smell. The Satan interpretation comes into play. Adam's son Jar and a Houri. Adams. They don't believe the sons of Adam. not a fallen angel . they emulate Teus because by doing so they believe they too will gain favor with God. Rather than 'heaven' and 'hell'. The leader of all archangels. how can you determine if the Yezidis are Devil Worshipers? Many of the Yezidi texts can be found on Sacred Texts The Yezidis are private people. then you decide. who have heightened awareness of God. it was worms. because Teus refused to submit to Adam. and their ambiguity leads to much speculation. They seek illumination.. as her seed was foul. So. Hell. The Book of the Dead (Book of Going Forth by Day). So they sealed their 'seed' in jars. men. They are often targeted for violence. If Teus was so evil. the Egyptians had 2 Fields. Book of That Which Is in the Underworld). The Book of the Earth and The Book of Caverns. The Book of Gates. you can see the Egyptian concept of hell. Eve was plucked out of the picture rather early. The Book of Amduat (Book of the Hidden Room. By examining their works. so they can be with God. where you are devoured by a great beast or the other. By deciding that Teus is 'wicked' because he opposes Adam and the sons of Adam presumes to know God's intentionality. Adam & Eve fought over who was going to produce a child. The Book of Revelation & The Black Book are their doctrines. Each person was judged and placed in either of the fields. Houri are like magical beings. not angels. It is postulated that the concepts of heaven . As an angel. is not limited to the Abrahamics. There is a special hatred of them by radical orthodox Muslims. would decide whether or not a person was flung into the place. The Black Book is not 'devil worship' it addresses the direct ancestry of the Yazidi people. Ancient Egyptian Texts: The Book of Two Ways (Book of the Ways of Rosetau). They reject being descendants of Adam & Eve. Children were conceived by placing one's 'seed' in jars." -END QUOTESThere is outside perspective and then there is truth. bugs. They believe that the evil and wickedness in the world comes from the hearts of men. that is for the sons of Adam. Read them. is the peacock angel. No birthing is required.

2003. Much of this comes with the rise of the cult dedicated to Osiris. for everyone else. It doesn't take a rocket scientist. In Asia (Philippines). is divided into two places. Called Mindanao River. Red. I have already commented on the Gilgamesh Epic as evidence of the earliest concept of an underworld. This mythology arose within their culture attributed to the major river there used to irrigate the land. so naturally there would be a 'good place' and a 'bad place' inserted. This is the gimokod. a proverbial torture chamber beneath the underworld. Berkley Reference. Remember when we were discussing gender of Satan? By a dark river resides a woman. covered in nipples. and fertile crescent. See the Gorgias Dialogue here. Gimokodan. 'Red' vs. Another reason the Devil is red-skinned and God wears flowing white. the 'souls' which can be taken in to either man or animal and is the reason that they believe that all living creatures have more than one soul. I recommend this book: The Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology: The Oxford Guide”.org/TextsANE. The spirits move by night. Jacobus Van Dijk. ISBN 0-425-19096. in the Middle Kingdom (2055 BC and 1650 BC). for those killed in battle and White. to address what to do with the good and evil. were borrowed from the Ancient Egyptians. but in the day they are reduced to the morning dew.html The Greeks had Tartarus. Evil.Satan as a pagan symbol and hell. She suckles spirits before they pass on. The location Gimokodan. If I drank the morning dew. 400 BC. It covers the adaptation of Hell in early Christianity and Coptic texts. This link has a fairly decent overview of 'Hell': http://www. “Hell”. I've already covered the Platonic viewpoint of Good vs.hell-on-line. 'White'. . the underworld of the Mindanao people. to determine why the concept of a new existence is divided. I would be taking in the many souls of the departed into myself. Plato wrote that souls were judged in the underworld (see a familiar theme here?) and those deserving to be punished were sent to Tartarus.

hell is located beneath this earth and is constructed in the form of a building with seven floors. that is. a place for wicked souls. Martin's Press. dusty and desolate place where Hetgwaulana. On the first floor. but much bigger. It is a place where the wicked are tortured for their wrong-doings. the upper floor of hell. The result is a dark realm that features components of both faiths. These spirits had some hope of eventual salvation). hell is a deep abyss below the surface of the earth into which the damned are cast. those believed beyond hope of salvation. the hell of Muslim belief. Traveling merchants from Muslim countries also brought notions of JAHANNAM. the Swahili speaking tribes have Hetgwauge. The Islamicized peoples. the deepest pit of the underworld is ruled by IBLIS (a harsh DEMON). (Departed souls of moderately evil people could be sent to the sixth circle below the earth for punishment. The original African religions did not know of a place where the souls of the departed would be punished for their sins. (o) Hell (North Africa). resides. It is the seventh thing God created and accordingly has seven descending levels.1998 Excerpt from the book: " SWAHILI HELL: According to African Swahili belief. They shiver eternally in the perennial ice which is crushing them for ever. which is an icy place of unendurable cold. The influence of eighth-century Arab traders is evident in the depiction of Swahili hell. It is a dark. Their images of a horrible underworld of torment became mingled with indigenous concepts of afterlife justice. As in the Islam faith. those who during their lives have consistently denied the existence of God. The worst sinners. there are the sinners of moderate . who metes out punishment to his accursed subjects. St. Book: "The Encyclopedia of Hell. however. occupy the lowest realm. In Swahili literature. lord of the dead. have many tales about the horrors of hell – more than about the blessings of heaven. At the very bottom there are the worst sinners." Miriam Van Scott.Satan as a pagan symbol In Africa.

O le nu'u-o-nonoa Samoan Underworld "O LE NU'U-O-NONA: O le nu'u-u-o-nonoa is the underworld of Samoan belief. The English term is also possibly derived from Old Norse Hel. for the adulterous women who will have fire in their bellies for ever. London. "Go to Hell. the seventh and bottom layer. Many." since damned spirits are imprisoned in this subterranean hell. Sairi. as in the phrase. still avoid casual usage of the word. Surviving 13th century Icelandic representations of Germanic paganism in the form of Norse mythology feature a female being named Hel. hille. the fourth floor. Hammersmith. false gods. where they will only suffer thirst and drink discharge. the sorcerers who put spells on their victims. Germanic cognates exist in Old Frisian helle. particularly involving children. Ladhaa. Although its use was commonplace in everyday speech and on television by the 1970s. The vengeful god Ita-nga-ta takes great delight in torturing these souls in the dour abyss". a location in Niflheim. is full of fire and smoke. in defiance of the One God. and which they must now drink or else drown in. Jahimu. particularly among religious circles and in certain sensitive environments. the drinkers of wine who were otherwise good Muslims. Hawiya. particularly in North America. the fifth floor." " Source: Thesaurus . meaning "one who covers up or hides something". In British English and some parts of North America. many people in the US still consider it somewhat rude or inappropriate language.1998 Etymology "The modern English word Hell is derived from Old English hel. the sixth floor down. It is a region of Sa-le-fe'e (Land of the Dead) reserved for the souls of the wicked. helle (about 725 AD) and ultimately from Proto-Germanic halja.1990 Here is a reference for Swahili language and culture: http://www.com/hassan/swahili_history. The word "Hell" used away from its religious context was long considered to be profanity. They will be forgiven after a spell in hell. Old Saxon hellja." Miriam Van Scott. Middle Dutch helle (modern Dutch hel). or those who dig up bodies and eat human flesh. Old High German helle (Modern German Hölle) and Gothic halja. Diamond Books. the second floor as one goes down. the third floor. who is described as ruling over Hel.Satan as a pagan symbol wickedness. Matahara or Jahannamu. is for the atheists. who live in a never-ending polar night". often considered to be a safer and less offensive alternative to swearing." Jan Knappert. The name O le nu'u-o-nonoa means "land of the bound. is or the idolators who worship sanamu. and then go on to purgatory.glcom. contains the misers who are dragged by their hair into a river of blood. Here also are the sahiri. is for embezzlers and deceivers. Source: "The Encyclopedia of Hell. the word has fallen into common use and is not considered profane. the concept of hell is a blending of pre-Biblical and Biblical ideologies.html Obviously. St. Martin's Press. Sakari. is for the hypocrites and liars. (z) (Z) reference book: "An Encyclopedia of Myth and Legend: African Mythology. Hutama. the blood which they squeezed out of their victims.

A research map General Descriptions: Hell Christian Hell Buddhist Hell Gnostic Hell Hindu Hell Jain Hell Swahili Hell Western Europe: Anaon (Brittany) Anwnn (Celtic) Hittola (Finnish) Niflheim (Norse)* Tartarus (Greece) Eastern Europe: Middle East: Drugaskan (Zoroastrian) Aralu (Sumerian) Land of No Return (Babylonian) Gehenna (Hebrew) Jahannam (Islamic) ..Satan as a pagan symbol Hells..

htm Religious literature and beliefs Hell appears in several mythologies and religions. Instead the Bahá'í writings describe Hell as a "spiritual condition" where remoteness from God is defined as Hell. Bahá'ís view life as a preparatory stage. Hell is often depicted in art and literature. the physical world provides for the development of the individual soul. Bahá'í Faith The Bahá'í Faith regards the conventional description of Hell (and heaven) as a specific place as symbolic. . It is commonly inhabited by demons and the souls of dead people. where one can develop and perfect those qualities which will be needed in the next life.com/Nature_of_Evil/Underworld/UNDR_content_pages/UNDR_content_hell s.Satan as a pagan symbol Asia: Avici (Buddhist) Jigoku (Japanese Buddhist) Kalichi (Ancient India) Patala (Hindu) Ti Yu (Chinese) Yellow Springs (Chinese) Yomotsu-kuni (Shinto) Africa: Hetgwauge (Haida tribe) Americas: Adlivun (Innuit) Hunhau (Mayan) Shobari Waka (Yanomamo) Oceania: O le nu'u-o-nonoa (Samoan) http://whiterosesgarden. conversely heaven is seen as a state of closeness to God. The analogy to the womb in many ways summarizes the Bahá'í view of earthly existence: just as the womb constitutes an important place for a person's initial physical development. Accordingly. perhaps most famously in Dante's Divine Comedy.

Hells are also described in various Puranas and other scriptures. burning in fire. Hinduism Naraka In Hinduism. its features and enlists amount of punishment for most of the crimes like modern day penal code. where they will be punished for sin after the general resurrection and last judgment. 400 BC) wrote that souls were judged after death and those who received punishment were sent to Tartarus. Chitragupta reads out the sins committed and Yama orders the appropriate punishments to be given to the individuals. and good is separated into other levels depending on how well one followed God while alive. but if one has led a generally pious life. deep place). in modern times some Christian theologians have 'adopted' alternative beliefs such as conditional immortality and universalism. It is said that St.Satan as a pagan symbol The Bahá'í teachings state that there exists a hierarchy of souls in the afterlife. merely one of its sufferers. or Swarga after a brief period of expiation in Hell. and Pontus is Tartarus. there are contradictions as to whether or not there is a Hell (referred to as 'Narak' in Hindi). In the Qur'an. which is considered by believers to be among the numeric miracles in the Qur'an. the holy book of Islam. Garuda Purana gives a detailed account on Hell. However. Names of Hell according to Islamic Tradition based on the Quranic ayah and Hadith: * Jahim * Hutamah * Jahannam * Ladza * Hawiah * Saqor . below Heaven. He is supposedly the mediator between who gets to go to hell or heaven. All of the created are imperfect and thus have at least one sin to their record. But in Mahabharata there is a mention of the Pandavas going to Heaven and the Kauravas going to Hell. it can be considered a hell. a pit or abyss used as a dungeon of torment and suffering that resides within Hades (the entire underworld) with Tartarus being the hellish component. where punishment is given depending on the level of evil done in life. It is either a deep. as contrasted to the garden-like Paradise (jannah) enjoyed by righteous believers. However. For some it is a metaphor for a conscience. In the Gorgias. is the king of Hell. Peter is the keeper of hell in some forms of Christianity. The Islamic concept of Hell is similar to the medieval Christian view of Dante. Individuals who finish their quota of the punishments are reborn according to their karma. who is also the god of death. gloomy place. The god Yamaraj. These punishments include dipping in boiling oil. torture using various weapons etc. Heaven and Hell are split into many different levels depending on the actions perpetrated in life. It is believed that people who commit 'paap' (sin) go to Hell and have to go through the punishments in accordance to the sins they committed. As a place of punishment. on the other hand. Greek mythology main Tartarus In classic Greek mythology. in various Hells. The Quran states that the fuel of Hellfire is rocks/stones (idols) and human beings. Plato (c. where the merits of each soul determines their place in the hierarchy. The detailed accounts of all the sins committed by an individual are supposed to be kept by Chitragupta who is the record keeper in Yama's court. In addition. is more similar to Old Testament Sheol. Satan is not viewed as Hell's ruler. The gate of Hell is guarded by Maalik also known as Zabaaniyah. there are literal descriptions of the condemned in a fiery Hell. Islam main Jahannam Muslims believe in jahannam (in Arabic: ‫( )جهنم‬which is related to the Hebrew word gehennim and resembles the versions of Hell in Christianity). Earth. The classic Hades. or Tartaros (Greek Τάρταρος. and that souls lower in the hierarchy cannot completely understand the station of those above. There is an equal number of mentions of both Hell and paradise in the Qur'an. one ascends to Heaven. .

It was also said that Shaytan is derived from shata. Norse mythology Taoism Ancient Taoism had no concept of Hell. yet its coldness is not seen as a pleasure or a relief to the sinners who committed crimes against God.Xibalbá is the dangerous underworld of nine levels ruled by the demons Vucub Caquix and Hun Came. Metnal is the lowest and most horrible of the nine Hells of the underworld. or shaitan. where Taoism adopted tenets of other . Some consider it a spiritual forge where the soul is purified for its eventual ascent to Olam Habah (heb. hell is entirely physical. Much of the Popol Vuh describes the adventures of the Maya Hero Twins in their cunning struggle with the evil lords of Xibalbá. The overwhelming majority of rabbinic thought maintains that people are not in Gehenna forever. the longest that one can be there is said to be 11 months. Some to everlasting life. Morever. thorny and very forbidding. even though in Islam. This is not meant to refer to some point in the future. (literally `burned'). however there has been the occasional noted exception. In its home country China. while some Muslims are said to be tortured finitely for their unforgiven sins. In addition. Being out of alignment with God's will is itself a punishment according to the Torah.it is ruled by Ah Puch. The Kabbalah describes it as a "waiting room" (commonly translated as an "entry way") for all souls (not just the wicked). The gates of teshuva (return) are said to be always open. Hypocrisy is considered to be the most dangerous sin of all (despite the fact that Shirk is the greatest sin viewed by Allah). Gehenna is not Hell. as morality was seen to be a man-made distinction and there was no concept of an immaterial soul. Sheol. because it was created from a smokeless fire. but it does have a mystical/Orthodox tradition of describing Gehenna. When one has so deviated from the will of God. Some to shame and everlasting contempt. rather. where the soul is described as breaking. The state of the Hell of Zamhareer is a suffering of extreme coldness of blizzards ice and snow which no one on this earth can bear. "The world to come". ‫ . The lowest pit of all existing Hells is the Hawiyah which is meant for the Hypocrites and two-faced people who claimed to believe in Allah and His messenger by the tongue but denounced both in their hearts. it can be compared to a very intense feeling of shame. like the flame of a candle lighting another: the part of the soul that ascends being pure and the "unfinished" piece being reborn. often viewed as analogous to Heaven). the devil. Ritual healers would intone healing prayers banishing diseases to Metnal. but rather a sort of Purgatory where one is judged based on his or her life's deeds. People are ashamed of their misdeeds and this constitutes suffering which makes up for the bad deeds. Zamhareer is seen as the coldest and the most freezing Hell of all. According to Jewish teachings. but Samaritans probably believe in a separation of the wicked in a shadowy existence. However. Subbotniks and Messianic Judaism believe in Gehenna. is created from fire. According to the Qur'an. The road into and out of it is said to be steep. where one becomes fully aware of one's own shortcomings and negative actions during one's life. one is said to be in gehinom. This is also mentioned in the Kabbalah. Judaism Daniel 12:2 proclaims "And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake. Maya faith In Maya mythology .עולם הבא‬lit. there are verses in the Qur'an explicitly mentioning an everlasting and infinite torture in Hell. all non-believers who have received and rejected Islamic teachings for reasons unknown will go to Hell. and the righteous in heaven. The Qur'an asserts that Hell is a place of everlasting of torture just as Heaven is asserted as a place of everlasting enjoyment. he suffers in Hell because Hellfire is 70 times hotter than the fire of this world. or rather. and so one can align his will with that of God at any moment." Judaism does not have a specific doctrine about the afterlife.Satan as a pagan symbol * Sae'er * Sijjin * Zamhareer Although generally Hell is often portrayed as a hot steaming and tormenting place for sinners there is one Hell pit which is characterized differently from the other Hell in Islamic tradition. but to the very present moment.

Jak. 2003. 1315]. 160 and 174. Mar. 222 and 232.33.hell-on-line. 8. 1Kor 15:55. It is difficult to find which one is correct because they all have standing in Zoroastor's writings. 2002. Jan Assman. 43. John Gwyn Griffiths. ^ Romans 6:23 . 1999. Italica Press. Dante (June 2001 (orig. trans. Robert K. ^ Numerous verses in the Qu'ran and New Testament. ^ See Kallistos Ware.11:23 16:18 Luk. “Dare we hope for the salvation of all?" in The Inner Kingdom: Volume 1 of the Collected Works 27.php?search=hell&searchmode=none 3. and deeds go. ^ http://www. ISBN 90041 16958 14. 7. The Gathas mention a "House of the Lie" where those who had more bad thoughts.1:18 6:8 20:13. The hells of Asia include Bagobo Mythology's “Gimokodan” and Ancient Indian Mythology's “Kalichi". vol2. "Cantos XXXI-XXXIV". p233.org/TextsEGY. Harper Collins ISBN 0062700847 2. ^ tartaro .45. Hittite Mythology and Mithraism. BRILL. Chicago: Moody Bible Institute. Over the history of Zoroastrianism they have believed in annihilation of the wicked. ^ Gardiner. 1977)) [c. ^ Religion and Magic in Ancient Egypt”.Satan as a pagan symbol religions.12:05. 17. 1989). p77.html 16. 23:15. The hells in the Middle East include Sumerian Mythology's “Aralu”. ^ ‫ גיא בןהנם‬Hinnom: Jer. Luk. 18:09. ^ Unger. ^ Lewis & Short Inferus 19. ^ a b c d Barnhart. Jacobus Van Dijk. New York: Penguin.3:6. Griffith to “The Independent”. and 206–7. The Oceanic hells include Samoan Mythology's “O le nu'u-o-nonoa” and the hells of Bangka Mythology and Caroline Islands Mythology. pp. ^ Gardiner. 44:29. (1981). words. Inuit Mythology's “Adlivun” and Yanomamo Mythology's “Shobari Waka”. ^ see also letter by Prof.etymonline. the weighing of the heart in Egyptian Mythology can lead to annihilation. 4. 44:31. 24. Rosalie David.com/index. Merrill F. Inferno. p158-159. purgation of the wicked in molten metal and in eternal punishment. trans. Celtic Mythology's “Uffern”. 5. ISBN 9004092315 12.10:15. (1995) The Barnhart Concise Dictionary of Etymology.30. 141. 9:43. Unger's Bible Dictionary. 22.verb: throw down to Tartarus. the hells of Canaanite Mythology. ^ "Egyptian Religion". pp.html 15. The hells of the Americas include Aztec Mythology's “Mictlan”.47. “Hell”. ^ ”The Divine Verdict”. The Encyclopedia of Christianity.hell-on-line. ^ The New Schaf-Herzog Encyclopedia of religious Knowledge pg. pp. 414-415 26. 415 25. African hells include Haida Mythology's “Hetgwauge” and the hell of Swahili Mythology. 42:38. 32 December 1993 [1] 13. 10:28. ^ Revelation 20:11 28. HELL resources: References 1.5:22. p161-162.19:6 ּ‫־‬ ִֹ ֶ ֵ 20. Visions. ^ http://www. ^ The New Schaf-Herzog Encyclopedia of religious Knowledge pgs. 1991.29. p. popular belief endows Taoist Hell with many deities and spirits who punish sin in a variety of horrible ways.2:27. Visions. ^ Sheol: 1Mos 37:35.). 58 and 61.org/TextsANE. Visions. ^ Hades: Mat. Wm. ^ Eileen Gardiner. ISBN 0-140262252-0 10. John Ciardi (2 ed. The. Ap. Penguin. page 348. ^ Gardiner. B Eerdmans Publishing.14 18. the hell of Lapps Mythology and Ugarian Mythology's “Manala” leads to annihilation. pp. Berkley Reference. 6.Upp. ^ http://www.31. ^ ”The Essential Guide to Egyptian Mythology: The Oxford Guide”. ^ Alighieri. Other Hells The hells of Europe include Briton Mythology's “Anaon”. 467. used of the fall of the Titans 23. ^ LXX πολυάνδριον υἱοῦ Εννομ 21. Visions of Heaven and Hell Before Dante (New York. ISBN 0-425-19096-X 11. 9. ^ Gehenna: Mat. This is also considered Karma for Taoism.

Gen. "An Introduction to Zoroastrianism". Ps. Matt. Retrieved 2010-8-24. Matt. Luke 12:5. 27:20. I Sam. InterVarsity Press. chapter by Curtis Martin. 32.org/yasna/y47to50b.htm. Job 14:13. Job 24:19. 38:10. Psalm 88:3. 14:15. Hosea 13:14. 5:30. Prov. ^ New Bible Dictionary. Published by Jehovah's Witnesses. Psalm 31:17. Isa.Satan as a pagan symbol 29. 44:31. 18:9. "The Book of Arda Viraf". Matt. 35. ISBN 1-85168-074-8. 31. http://www. ^ Num. 28:15. 16:33. Song 8:6. ^ New Dictionary of Biblical Theology. by K. Psalm 16:10. Hab. Psalm 55:15.org/pahlavi/viraf. Jas. ^ [Acts 2:27. 2000. http://www. 32:22. 5:22.html. 31:17. 2000. ^ Eileen Gardiner (2009-01-18). Inc. Psalm 6:5. I Kings 2:9. [1987]. 38:18. Job 26:6. ^ [Catholic for a Reason. 30:16. ^ Yasna 49:11. 5:14. Grand Rapids. Published by Jehovah's Witnesses 30. Volume 2". 44:29. Retrieved 200810-10. ^ Mat. Hosea 13:14.html#The%20Fate%20of%20the%20Soul. 2:6. Prov. Ecc. Mark 9:45.ubfellowship. Job 17:13. Isa. Psalm 49:15. ^ Sanghvi. "Avesta: Yasna".org/AboutZOR. 31:16. Matt. 42:38. 9:18. Job 21:13. Isa. Backgrounds of Early Christianity. 15:11. Ezk. "About Zoroastrian Hell". New Living Translation] 52. 1:12. Psalm 30:3. ^ Sample Hatlo Inferno comic: 44. 16:30. "Hell". Prov. 1993. 2005. New International Version] 50. Prov. ^ "Insight on the scriptures. Prov. Ezek. The Nature of Hell. ^ [Acts 2:27. Michigan. ^ Gen. ^ refer Mahavrata for the vows and restraints in Jainism 38. ^ Meredith Sprunger. Isa. Isa. "Hell". ^ Chapter 75. New American Standard Bible] 49. 10:28. Isa. Dixit). Gen. 39. Sukhlal (1974) (in English trans. Commentary on Tattvārthasūtra of Vācaka Umāsvāti. Psalm 139:8. 33. D. K. Psalm 86:13. Paternoster. 15:24. Num. 2nd Edition. 57:9.htm.avesta.avesta. ISBN 0-8028-0669-4 pbk) . pp. 5:5. 14:9. Sukhlal (1974) pp. Oxford: Oneworld Publications. Amos 9:2. Ezek. http://www. Deut. 1988. 28:18. Retrieved 2008-10-10. I Kings 2:6. "Zoroastrian Hell Texts". 41. Job 7:9. ^ Eileen Gardiner (2006-02-10). 9:10. 23:33. Psalm 9:17. ^ Deut.250-52 37.org/archive/readers/601_zoroastrianism. New Living Translation] 51. 22:6. ^ a b Masumian. Jonah 2:2. 32:21. Psalm 141:7 46. Matt. 14:11.V. Ezek. pg 294-295] 53. Isa. 1996. Prov. ^ a b c "What Does the Bible Really Teach?". 43. II Sam. copyright 1998 by Emmaus Road Publishing. Prov. 34. Prov. Psalm 49:14. Ezek. 32:36a & 39. ^ Evangelical Alliance Commission on Truth and Unity Among Evangelicals. "Hell" Further reading Everett Ferguson. Psalm 89:48. Ahmedabad: L. 2:5 45. Institute of Indology. 23:15. ^ Sanghvi. William B.html#The%20Fate%20of%20the%20Soul. Psalm 49:14. Mat. Mark 9:47. Job 11:8. http://www. 116:3. ^ [Luke 16:23. Gen. Prov. 37:35. 31:15. 42.org/TextsZOR.hell-online. Mark 9:43. Eerdmans Publishing company. Farnaz (1995). Psalm 18:5. ^ Roget's Thesaurus. 32:27. ^ [Acts 2:27. 5:29. Retrieved 2008-10-10. Isa.hell-online. Job 17:16 47. 40. InterVarsity Press. 23:14. VI. Retrieved 2008-10-11.. 3:6 48. Life After Death: A study of the afterlife in world religions.2. http://www. Isa. 107 36. 7:27. edited by Scott Hahn & Leon Suprenant.

chief priest of the classical Roman Pagan religion. the day before an important battle on Milvian Bridge in Rome. Constantine was the Pontifex Maximus. was also a pre-Christian symbol: the original Chi-ro signified good fortune.Satan as a pagan symbol Hey Satan."a long spear. The Chi-Rho emblem. He took this as a sign from God and decided the shape drawn by the light should be an emblem for his military. he understood it was a sign from the Christian God and thenceforth Constantine became more tolerant of Christianity. the Wine God. the letter 'X' intersection 'P' at the centre. the timing of witnessing the sign was significant. In Hoc Signo Vinces (In this sign you shall conquer). the labarum was similar to an existing pagan emblem used as a standard by the Roman cavalry. was depicted on a cross. but that didn't happen until a century later during the reign of Theodosius. So it's easy to see why he warmed to the symbol. See Lauburu Cross). who was equivalent to Dionysus of the Greeks. The shape he saw was of a flaming cross . The Chi Rho Cross is a warrior's cross and also a 'Chrismon' (a monogram of Christ). It had a cross bar and "on the top of the whole was fixed a wreath of gold and precious stones. Here I will address a couple of pagan symbols in hopes of at the very least opening the window to the vast occultisms which can be drawn from Satan.possibly a Gaulish/Celtic word. (Some books indicate that Constantine made Christianity the state religion. At the same time. However. The first letter 'Χ' (chi. shaped like the St. Bishop of Cesarea in Palestine) The Greek word for Christ is Christos and the Greek lettering is Χριστος. he heard the words. The Chi Rho Cross (or Constantine's Cross) . It also became the monogram of Constantine. but my focus is to address pagan origins and why Satanists consider themselves pagan. Since chi and rho form the monogram of Christ. and within this the symbol of the Saviour's name." (recorded in the 3rd century by Eusebius Pamphili. overlaid with gold".a sigla. This emblem became known as Labarum (etymology unclear .) Let's take a look. considered the first Christian Cross. . The Roman God Bacchus. it was 27th October 312. which he won. It is known that such depictions of pagan Gods in the early Greco-Roman world completely determined how Christ was presented. forming a warrior's cross A sign appeared to the Roman Emperor Constantine as a light in the noon-day sky. form the monogram of Christ (Chrismon). Andrew's Cross) and the second letter 'ρ' (rho). what's your sign? I could write another essay on the symbolism of Satan. two letters indicating the name of Christ by means of the initial letters. in the same pose as Christ would be later on (when the Church would adopt the Cross). Coincidentally.

Secondly. XW (ChiOmega). Catholics celebrate the Sun's achievement each year on Easter Sunday. Pagans celebrated Easter Sunday by baking sun-shaped rolls with crosses cut into them. The Egyptian Ankh. celebrated on the Sunday nearest the Vernal Equinox." ritualistically imitated by all Catholics today. the Saint Bede Studio was contacted by the Archdiocese of Sydney with a request to submit designs for sets of vestments for the Papal Mass in Saint Mary’s Cathedral. as is fitting for vestments used by His Holiness." The biological male designation. Constantine. or XN (Chi-Nu). Vestments for His Holiness Benedict XVI In March. is also of Babylonian origin. Interestingly. a circle with an arrow emanating from it. nine months before the Sun God's nativity on December 25th. Lastly. Carolingian. just another label I can add to my costume closet." was never used. that the vestments be beautiful and dignified. Monsignor Guido Marini. stories. These designs were then submitted by the Archdiocese of Sydney to the Prefect of Pontifical Ceremonies. Saturday. I recognized this in early childhood. The custom continues with the baking of Hot Cross Buns today. 19th July. It signified the sun. XU (Chi-Upsilon). represented by the circle. But the semi-conical shape of that chasuble was changed to accord more with the shape and dimensions set down in the same century by Saint Charles Borromeo. This quote from Pergamos . was first used in Babylon to designate the "Mother of God. elevated the Satanic symbol to universal acclaim. out to Mother Earth. that the vestments be visually related to Roman traditions for ornamenting sacred vestments." a circular sun with an external cross. who selected the design for vestments ornamented in the Roman style. A chasuble and stole." the second letter in "christos. in addition to the three dalmatics for the deacons assisting the Pope at the Mass. and his "Sign of the Cross.Satan as a pagan symbol What does this have to do with Satan? Many religious groups accuse the 'Catholic Church' and more specifically the 'Pope' of being Satan. certain considerations were paramount." and the Roman Chi Rho are all examples. The fabric for these vestments is the magnificent silver and gold "Edwardine" silk damask which is figured in the Italianate style of 18th century. All of the pagan symbolism fused into Catholicism is apparent even to Christians. Firstly. the day the Babylonians believe the sun impregnated mother earth giving birth to Tammuz nine months later at the Winter Solstice. The design for the chasuble is inspired by a 16th century Saragossan painting of Saint Martin of Tours. and according to the traditions of Rome. The front of the chasuble is decorated with the “tau”: an ornament in continual use in Rome for almost 1000 years. characters and even have their own Hell on earth! The Vatican. Pontifical dalmatic and mitre were to be prepared for the Pope’s use. EWTN broadcast the Papal Mass at Vista Pastoral A Cagliari. People call me a closet Catholic all the time. True to the faith of Constantine. Rho or "r. And the sun "crosses" the equator at the Vernal Equinox. Catholicism is rich in pagan symbolism. represented by the arrow. sending a ray. nor was . They are fearful of it. the Druid "Peace Sign. When applicable to the Messiah. that the vestments be convenient for the use of His Holiness. Santa Misa. It represented the first letter of Tammuz's name.. Sydney. There are several explanations for the origin of the cross in Satanic sun god lore.. The scientific symbol for "woman.Men Conquer and Rule chapter: Crosses attached to or superimposed on circles were the most common Satanic symbols in pagan religions. they warn their fellow Christians to abandon Catholicism all together or else have their souls damned for all of eternity. In preparing the design. the Hindu Swastika. "Anointed" was rendered XS (Chi-Sigma). impregnating her at the Festival of Ishtar. Designs were prepared for vestments decorated in three different styles: the Gothic Revival.

" .." The letter Resh means "head. His power and authority." the sign of the Satan's "cross. And of the 24 letters in the Greek alphabet. Tammuz. or "t." And the Tau means "mark." or "Jesus Christ the Son of God. I don't know what percentage of the Roman Catholic leadership is deceived as opposed to being deceptive. are invited to live there.." The consonant-vowel Yod is "hand. I believe the Tau was deleted because the "t" symbolized the first sun god. were ever actually written out on any page of any first." an acronym from the Greek. The lack of knowledge isn't an excuse--it's deadly. the Hebrew letter Beth is said to mean "house. has been embellished with the addition of a "t. His name. "Iesous Christos Theou Uios Soter. but it doesn't matter. Italy. Apparently. the son of the sun in the Babylonian religion that has come to pollute Christendom. none of them contain the Greek tau. nor christos. The word also meant "womb" and "dolphin" in some tongues. Those who bear His mark."Ichthus. He is the head of the family." I believe the Rho was deleted because it became synonymous with drugs." Ichthys was the offspring son of the ancient Sea goddess Atargatis. We cannot get there on our own volition.Satan as a pagan symbol the Tau or "t. the shocking truth is neither chrio. and was known in various mythic systems as Tirgata. Interestingly. Pelagia or Delphine. second. Saviour." and has in time become "Jesus'" last name. this "T" shape/cross goes all the way back to ancient Egypt. While the placeholder CRU. or third century manuscript of any Renewed Covenant book or letter. Aphrodite. From the same broadcast: "The Tammuz robes are particularly revolting worn with the Dagon fish hats and set before statues of the Babylonian mother of god and queen of heaven. These boys did a fine job of resurrecting the Babylonian religion. of the many ways the placeholder CRU is rendered in the 70 extant preConstantine manuscripts. And we arrive by way of His outstretched hand. the "T" or Tau. They claim to act and speak for God so they have condemned their souls and all those they have influenced." Thus the BRYT/Covenant is the house of Yahweh. and has was even a prominent feature in Mayan architecture." representing "power and authority. was the only one associated with Tammuz. and his cross." Not one. While I'm not an expert on such things. "Tau" cross vestments at yesterday Papal Mass in Cagliari.

In order to meet with fellow Christians without putting yourself out there (which could result in your death!) The top arch was drawn. the clam and the fish. She is often depicted with her fish. during the era in which Christianity was not favorable. has been used to represent fertility for thousands of years and pre-dates the Abrahamic religions. The usage of this symbol. tied to the 'sex'. dies Veneris.Satan as a pagan symbol The Abrahamics did not invent the fish symbolism. This symbol later became to be known as a . Christians often had to meet in secret to avoid capture and torture by the Romans. was an 'insiders' form. and the term 'Venus' is the origins of such terms such as venereal disease.this was confirmation that it was safe to speak freely. her sacred day was Friday. How the symbol became to be known as: Goes back to the Christian persecutions. The fish = fertility The Clam = vagina Venus = Romanized concepts The fish symbol. I often discuss the symbolism of Venus. if the person you were talking with drew the bottom arch to complete the form . The Romans perceived her as Venus.

So. including the Goddess of Ephesus. and were also reading Greek documents. are also mentioned in the Bible. the fish is a symbol of birth and fertility. Aphrodite. in pagan beliefs. The early Jews were polytheistic (with a divine feminine aspect). and was known in various mythic systems as Tirgata. The word also meant "womb" and "dolphin" in some tongues. later was the Khristos term. Pelagia. there was Dagon. The fish is also a central element in other stories. The cults of Dagon. only his body remained. New International Version (©1984) "But the following morning when they rose. The origins of Ichthys was the offspring of the ancient Sea goddess Atargatis. Harpocrates." . fallen on his face on the ground before the ark of the LORD! His head and hands had been broken off and were lying on the threshold. this was the Goddess of fertility and plentifying the food for consumption. or Delphine. hence this story is adapted into the new mythos. and was also considered a symbol of the sexuality of Isis for she had sexual intercourse with Osiris after his death which resulted in the conception and birth of his posthumous son. and representations of this appeared in the depiction of mermaids. Don't take my word for it. Horus-thechild. as well as the tale of the fish of the Nile that swallowed part of Osiris' body (the penis). ( See I Samuel 5:4) Bible.Satan as a pagan symbol protective sigil on doors. the Truth is out There. When Christ alleged to feed the wedding party from one fish.

abandoning certain symbols. in fear of the wrath of God. The new religion. Thus. if they can not sort out the fact from fiction? Even if the entire religion is based on fiction. Therefore they feel 'fooled' and often lost as to determining the true will of God. there are certain 'facts' that believers will adhere to. . but teach that they have long been forgotten and replaced with new meaning. and the language was changed to justify the addition. Many Christians do not feel comfortable with the symbols once they learn the origins. and the 'origins' with Christ. How can a follower be faithful. because they come to realize it was 'added' later.Satan as a pagan symbol Christians are well-aware of the pagan roots of these symbols. Many do not even wear a cross.

That recalls Revelation 1:8: . as is shown above. In the film. the Christian faith is replaced with a pagan one. alpha. It covers the paradigm shift in a very creative way. The symbol then resembles the first letter of the Greek alphabet. The most meaningful orientation is probably to have the fish swimming to the left. and the bias over the repercussions for doing so are in line with the societal view that pagans worship dark gods which require blood sacrifice. Hence.Satan as a pagan symbol I recommend watching the film Dagon. the fear and loathing of pagan religion. based on stories written by weird tales writer HP Lovecraft.

By Barbara Griffiths. which is. the beginning and the ending. the Goddess Kali was called the "fish-eyed one" In Egypt. Accessories from the True Faith: The Ruby Slippers — these are hand-made in red satin. the Great Goddess of Ephesus was portrayed as a woman with a fish amulet over her genitals. was worshipped by her followers on her sacred day. The Moon is the heavenly body that has long been associated with the Goddess. and which is to come. Themis. One represented the crescent shortly before the new moon. Isis was called the Great Fish of the Abyss In Greece the Greek word "delphos" meant both fish and womb. The Pallium — its origin is the cloth worn by a shepherd when carrying a lamb on his shoulders. The fish symbol was often drawn by overlapping two very thin crescent moons. each bears a floppy bow and a cross of red rubies. In ancient Rome Friday is called "dies veneris" or Day of Venus. the symbol for pagan sun worship. They ate fish and engaging in orgies. the Great Goddess was named Freya. In the Middle East. Aphrodite Salacia. The Stole — his crimson and gold stole bears the symbol of Baal within the eight pointed star of Ishtar. Friday. just as the sun is a symbol of the God. as worn by pagan kings. From Religious Tolerance: The pre-Christian history of the fish symbol: The fish symbol has been used for millennia worldwide as a religious symbol associated with the Pagan Great Mother Goddess. the Pagan Goddess of Love. Pilgrims are permitted to kiss one slipper. Style Decisions of the Pope While adopting the lavish lifestyle advocated by God. The link between the Goddess and fish was found in various areas of the ancient world: In China. Also from her name comes the name of our fourth month. the Holy Father makes his fashion choices from other deities. From her name comes the English word "salacious" which means lustful or obscene. red silk. It is the outline of her vulva. The later fish Goddess. April. another Sun God symbol for Baal. which are interwoven with gold threads and heavily embroidered. fish were eaten in her honor. and gold threads." (King James Version). It is ornamented with the Cross Formee. when the moon is just visible. A teaching aid for young adults. The word is derived from the location of the ancient Oracle at Delphi who worshipped the original fish goddess. The Gloves — these bear a sunburst design. In later centuries. Great Mother Kwan-yin often portrayed in the shape of a fish.a tradition that was only recently abandoned. " Bible Stories. wine and bread for their sacramental meal. the Christian church adsorbed this tradition by requiring the faithful to eat fish on Friday . Throughout the Mediterranean. They may be worn with the ceremonial silk stockings. the Almighty. In India. and which was. the other shortly after. The Pope Chooses Accessories: The Hat — this is inspired by both the Godess Cybele (whose Cult of Harlotry and Holy Taverns site lies beneath St Peter’s) and by Dagon the Fish-God. bullet In Scandinavia. mystery religions used fish. The 6th day of the week was named "Friday" after her.Satan as a pagan symbol "I am Alpha and Omega. saith the Lord. The Lappets — these are the strips of cloth on the back of his hat. The fish symbol: .

506 10.. Graydon F. Cooper. B. Page 27. J.Satan as a pagan symbol ". Page 188-190 8. Page 45-47. Page 15. 2..G.Free Traffic Sharing Service! We have been invited to exchange links with Jesus Christ Saves Ministries (JCSM). Page 68-69.. just as in the ancient symbolism of the Goddess.C. From the web site of the Evangelical Luterhan Conference & Ministerium at: http://www. Kauffman. which was superimposed on Mary's belly and obviously represented her womb. "The Woman's Encyclopaedia" op cit.com/. 18." InternetTrash. Only the sexual component was deleted.. Page 313-314 5. "De Corona.net/advent/fathers/0304." at: http://www.com/ 3.happinessinthepark. Cooper. San Francisco (1988) 7. Walker. 15. VII. Page 13. with extensive revision of myths to deny its earlier female-genital meanings. Ring of Fire catalog at: http://www.D. "Experts Concerned About Backward Jesus Fishes.org/ 16. at: http://www." Oxford University Press. Page 57 12. The Encyclopaeia Britannica. Metzger. 3. Harper & Row. B." at: Plymouth Church of Christ. JCSM's Top 1000 Christian Sites . "The History of the Ichthus. J.meangene.C.org/ .expocity. "Jehovah's Witnesses: What do We Believe: Did Jesus Die on a Cross?" is at: http://www. D. the eating of fish on Friday and the association of the symbol with deity were all taken over by the early Church from Pagan sources. J. Vol.C.com/ 14.G.G. Coogan. "The Woman's dictionary of Symbols and Sacred Objects". Dill. (1985). B. Thames & Hudson. (1979).com online book . was so revered throughout the Roman empire that Christian authorities insisted on taking it over. Walker. (or The Chaplet). (1993).T.rof. "Ante Pacem: Archaeological Evidence of Church Life Before Constantine. Evolution Observed at: http://www.com/ 4. (2003). B. Grand Rapids MI. The Fish Warshttp://www.albatrus. "Origin of the 'Christian' Fish Symbol.. "The Oxford Companion to the Bible.com/ 4." 5 The symbol itself. Page.com at: http://internettrash. Tertullian. "The Woman's Encyclopaedia of Myths and Secrets"." 4 Another author writes: "The fish headdress of the priests of Ea [a Sumero-Semitic God] later became the miter of the Christian bishops. Cooper.csn. 6." at: http://www.M. Harper Collins. References 1.. "An Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Traditional Symbols". 2.. Walker. M. London. Baker Book House. See also http://www.com/ 9. Gregory B. UK." Mercer University Press. Information about the fish wars can be seen at: 1. 11. Snyder. op cit. "Baker's Concise Dictionary of Religion".elcm. op cit.rof. Read reviews or order this book safely from Amazon.plymouth-church.com/ 17. San Francisco CA (1983). 11th Edition. Ed.Sometimes the Christ child was portrayed inside the vesica.htm 13.

but more specifically by a Modern Pagan. Are you a believer? Do you believe yourself that this would be seen as a disrespect to others? Why would you think this? Why are you so concerned with respecting the godforms of other believers? Are you a slave to social morality? . and complete environment. symbols and symbolic meanings which can be utilized by a Satanist.catholicsupplyonline/pope.com. the devil himself! www. Consider what the pope represents to non-Catholics. The fear of blasphemy.catholicsupplyonline/pope.Satan as a pagan symbol Articles: Pagan Origins of Catholicism – The Fish Hat (Mitre) August 5.com Stick a statuette of a pope on your altar! Try that on for size! You create your own world. 2008 by A Watchman http://www.onlinechurch. resides in the hearts of the believers.com www.au/pagan-origins-ofcatholicism-the-fish-hat-mitre-2 The Pope is Satan! There are so many stories.

LaVeyan Satanism. nor do the monikers Atheistic Satanist.Satan as a pagan symbol So what the hell kind of Satanist are you again? I am a Modern Philosophical Satanist. published article. The Modern Satanism of LaVey is a philosophy. While my beliefs rely heavily on symbolism. theatrics. and praxis of philosophies from various sources. I admire LaVey for his candor. LaVeyan Satanist or Spiritual Satanist. It relies on the symbolism of what Satan represents to the masses. as well as other Satanic philosophies. Atheistic Satanism. I believe many completely miss the point of his Modern Satanism. rave. While I have read the works of Anton Szandor LaVey. if not thousands . that philosophy is based on his personal observations of the human condition. LaVey writes in volume to convey his thoughts regarding the behaviors he finds at times detestable but more comedic than anything. the pre-conceived notions of Symbolic Satanism do not appeal to me. It is full of satire. I have read every book. rant. and joke published by the author. parody. and by proxy the Satanist using that symbolism. I often find myself wondering if others are reading the same texts I am. He states clearly: Do not follow me. or Spiritual Satanism. find your own way! And yet? Hundreds. and theatrics. I do not consider this my Satanism. I use this label to differentiate between my own Satanism and what has been coined as: Symbolic Satanism.

referenced yes but relied upon? No. and consider myself knowledgeable in many topics but I aspire towards the knowledge of so much more by the time my life comes to a close.Satan as a pagan symbol quote his word as gospel. If I can experience it and I am part of nature. It will mean what it will mean to the individual. I will often use Atheist to quickly answer questions. they do not build us. I am aesthetically driven. but I understand that Atheism implies a lot about the way I think. familiar with this symbol and what connotations it carries which rest heavy on the minds of man kind. for it is far from the truth. my own earlier conclusions. The focal text The Satanic Bible. I have no desire to change the image of Satan because that symbolism is the foundation for how it will be used. The house itself is built on hearty laughter and tears of disappointment but used today as a foundation for climbing corporate ladders in the name of successful living and affiliation. The changes others would like to see. is all. To include. It would serve you well to include a study of Atheism and Agnosticism (Implicit and Explicit). I have no desire to change its image. Satan is a technology. LaVey wrote and spoke on the subject. I prefer skeptical inquiry for obtaining knowledge. this does not mean I'm a cynic. therefore I rely much on my own personal gnosis. We build the gods. are not the same changes I desire. I use Satan. I have my passions. It can produce hallucinations and can not always be relied upon. is an idea. which is just a form of Soft-Atheism. and total environment. The term supernatural implies that something exceeds nature. For as much as Mr. We can never truly have what we want and live in the utopias built in our own minds because we all want very different things. Satan. When I can not conclude. I also do not rely or defer to experts often. Perhaps some day I will know. Even those who have no belief in Satan. but today there may not be enough data or evidence to draw a conclusion about something I've experienced. Modern Satanists are often the worst offenders. I am a Strong-Agnostic. We are not a peaceful species.an ideal. even expert knowledge will be brought to my examination table to be dissected. I do not believe in the super-natural or para-normal. The Church of Satan. I've never been the type to take things at face value. I challenge my own experiences. because the human brain is a fascinating working conundrum. It is my life. or a person's word. in your own quest for knowledge and truth. and I wish to be sovereign from the imposed social morality of others. I may conceptualize them differently than most. I envision changes for it and wish to remain active in seeing those changes manifest. is very much a part of my aesthetic. I'm often told: You believe in nothing! Which always makes me laugh. and no desire to be active within a silly house of cards. Your desires invade my paradise. and create total environments through my occult devices. Satan. Religiosity is a very human trait. I see fields of black sheep. I have a simple registered membership. I know very little. it was my metaphoric toast to his truthful observation.. I acknowledge that in the sea of what can be known. and mine bring hell to the gates of yours. I live as that god. Satan. and it is created in many mediums and expressed through many outlets. . When I obtained my own Red Card from The Church of Satan. I believe in a lot of things. needs no advocate. is nothing more than a symbolic admiration group. and in the absence of empiricism I draw conclusions about things based on my own observations. I am a natural skeptic. I understand my role in this society. Paranormal implies that something exceeds the 'norm' or perhaps exists in the field of para-psychology. are at the very least.. Satan has journeyed through time and space and has evolved along with mankind which created it. I can channel its attributes. and the god-form takes shape. then it too must be part of nature. I strongly believe that philosophy is crucial to scientific hypothesis and theory. By trying to disprove a thing you may actually prove a thing. and finding my own way. it does not use me. was titled in such a way to parody the idea of the gospel of men. Satan was built on ancient symbolism and has evolved into a modern device for the human race. I'm also an Occultist. and a sheep is still a sheep. If I experience something I can not explain it does not mean it exceeds nature. I am perfectly content with I don't know. All of the character archetypes serve me. but we can find creative ways to live in peace in spite of our warring nature. reigning over my own existence. I find these terms to be oxy-morons. Science is making break-throughs all the time.

This is the furthest thing from the truth. also identify this and can see the trend of my ideas. The axiom the majority rules rings true. Others more stunted.Satan as a pagan symbol The face of the Atheist (especially the hard Atheist) is seen as un-religious. My Satanism contains many levels of philosophy and ideologies. through the thoughts and beliefs of others. We believe them. but people are desperate to fill the cracks with mortar so that they can go on living as they always have. and become devils for you to use as scapegoats. us vs. but I will offer explanations if requested by the genuinely interested . but expressed through different ideologies. The term religion. in that how we are able to live. that others . yes. all the while wondering why 'others' are creating discourse among our species. can mean unwavering loyalty and often times trust. As you grow and mature. I can learn about myself. If I'm over critical at times. and many of those things others may not understand. Why would they lie to us? Why shouldn't we trust them? Children have faith that their parents are all-knowing and all-powerful. in that that idea is never challenged. Being religious can be simplified to mean faithful devotion. You can not obtain it from a singular source. but expressing the SAME thing.the seekers of their own truth. to an idea or an ideal. If ideas challenge others too much. which are often not reliable. I can see the commonalties present in the human condition. Not all forms of faith are blind following. but I am not naive to think that while I'm self-examining that my thoughts are not a beacon. as my own. it is because I feel it's necessary to shock the system out of a stunted mind-set. I pirate from everything I can get my hands on to act as a catalyst for shaping my own ideas. Some will use the term spiritual to substitute for religious. and believe in them with unwavering loyalty. I find the attempt immoral. even as I write). The sense of awe and wonderment we can experience in the right environment. Faith. This leads me to faith. I am inspired by many things. There are Religious Atheists. them in my own mind. and these symbols of godhood are reduced to at the very least Daemons (representatives). I think. is regulated by the majority in control. you can see this displayed in an emotional reaction. or that they are jumping in a SIN band-wagon. . The walls are breaking down. I strive towards the abolition of duality. I see this at times. My focus is myself. of one ideology for another. What it means to be spiritual means very different things to people. This is often attributed to ideas developed in early childhood. I can not simply parrot ideas of others. my inspirations often horrify others. and often the serpent in yours. With all its sociopolitical agendas which carry baggage in tow. is often only understood to mean adhering to an organized religion. I exist in spite of your personal views of my life. is a viable scapegoat to be used by all. challenged and stimulated. Your parents have fallen from grace. You discover they have lied to you. I am my own serpent in my Garden of Eden. for if you accepted me fully I would question your motivations and your mentality would be critically examined. In fact. to me it represents the emotional state resulting from stimuli. However I will utilize common ideas to communicate and express my own. Good or evil? Highly subjective for what is good for one is an evil to another . when people think of faith they often place it in the context of blind following. I learned the errs of my earlier thinking in my youth. I wish to be inspired.hence there is no good and evil but what invades our personal utopia. Your devotion waivers. Many faithful devotees do follow a pre-existing idea blindly. I do not long for. This is among the reasons I study all world religion (and beliefs) to include the newly invented (and new ones are invented all the time. through self focus. see this as those people agreeing with me are being converted to Satanism. As children our gods are our parents. and sometimes even represent the embodiment of evil in your life. All things exist within the mind as concepts. Satan often represents that force which opposes the attempts to shape my way of living to meet the expectations of the moral majority. and you begin to lose faith. My Satanism is best expressed through living it.like myself. Satan. and the way I think. and Atheists are religious about many things. you realize that your parents are fallible human beings. but I also see that my ideas resonate with those who also seek to destroy the trading off. I don't require that others understand why that is. We live in modern societies where a small group of individuals represent larger groups. or require acceptance.

or given you affirmation let that seed be planted but you should feed it to grow. Steven Johnson Leyba The Book of the Law. without asking questions.com December 2010 Additional Relevant Resources: Genius. these are my thoughts on the subject of Satan as a pagan symbol and why I consider myself to be both a Satanist and a pagan. Do not follow me. Aleister Crowley Nemo on Satanism. provoked you. The Fourth Way. Seek them out. Good! No one ever received answers.the-poison-apple. and here I am at nearly 90 pages! I'm sure this paper only leads you to more questions.Satan as a pagan symbol In conclusion. do not quote my word as gospel. Greg Mobley Left and Right of Center by John and Lillee Allee . If I have inspired you. A Piece of the Action Complete works of Plato Works of Mark Twain Androphilia by Jack Malebranche The Birth of Satan: Tracing the Devil's biblical roots by TJ Wray. Ouspensky Works of Frederick Nietzsche Works of Anton Szandor LaVey The Lucifer Principle by Howard Bloom Coyote Satan Amerika. It is extremely difficult for me to summate my life study into a short essay. SIN JONES www. is never revealing all of your sources.

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