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only

(/ / ) ) ) ) 17 She's their only daughter. (

We were the only people there. ( His only answer was a grunt. ( Naomi was only 17 when she got married. ( ) There are only a few cars on the island. ( It's only eight o'clock. ( ) )

There are only a limited number of tickets available. ( The bar is for members only . ( The car park is for staff only. ( I was the only woman there. ( He is our only child. ( / ) ) / ) ) ) )

I was the only one who disagreed. ( Cutting costs is the only solution. ( She's the only person for this job (

You only have to look at her to see she doesn't eat enough. ( / / Only five people turned up ( Only the president can authorize a nuclear war ( ) ) )

We use only the best ingredients ( It was only a suggestion. ( Don't blame me, I'm only the messenger! ( , He was only teasing you. ( / ) ) )

She's only 21 and she runs her own business ( 21 It only took a few seconds. ( We've only just arrived. ( We only got here yesterday ( If you do that, it will only make matters worse. ( We can only guess what happened. ( He could only watch helplessly as the car plunged into the ravine. ( I only hope that she never finds out. ( The movies only just started, so you havent missed much. ( . I never complain it only causes more trouble. ( . We are only trying to help. ( She was only 18 when she had her first child. ( My only reason for coming here was to see you. ( Her car is like mine, only it has four doors. ( . 18 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )

).

Fiction is like real life, only better. (

'as if/as though( )'


. though' (past) / 'as if/as though' . # 1-a) Wow! Look at those dark clouds. It looks as if its (it is) going to rain . ( : ) . .as if . . as though (present) 'as if/as though' 'as if/as

# 1-b) Wow! Look at those dark clouds. It looks as if it was going to rain . ( : . # 2-a) its getting colder outside. It feels as if winter has arrived . ( : . ) # 2-b) its getting colder outside. It feels as if winter had arrived . ( : # 3-a) He behaves as if he owns the place ( : . ) . . )

# 3-b) He behaves as if he owned the place ( : . )

# 4-a) She looks as if she is rich ( : . ) # 4-b) She looks as if she was/were* rich ( * : . 'was' 'were' # 5-a) He looks as if he knows the answer ( : . ) . )

# 5-b) He looks as if he knew the answer ( : . )

# 6) You seem as if you didnt sleep yesterday* ( : ) # 7) He talks as if he would never love another girl ( : . .......)

# 8-a) They look as if they didn't sleep well ( : ) # 8-b) They look as if they don't sleep well ( : . ) # 9-a) She behaves as if she couldn't understand me ( : ) # 9-b) She behaves as if she can't understand me

# 10-a) He talks as if he had never been* to Ooty

: .

.....)

# 10-a) He talks as if hes (has) never been* to Ooty

( *

: . .....)

. 'has/have visited'

'has/have been (to)' *** , . 1) He orders me about as if I were his wife ( But I am not) *order somebody about/around 2) You seem as if you hadnt slept for three days (but you have slept well all these days) 3) Shes behaving as if she were the Queen of England! (She is not the Queen of England.) 4) My older brother always treats me as if I were a child. (I am not a child.) 5) I feel as if I am in a very nice dream ( ) ?

6) It looks as if were going to have trouble with him again ( )

7) He talks as though he knew where she was

8) He talks as though he knows where she was

9) He talks as though he knew where she is

10) He talks as though he knows where she is

11) He looks as though he hadnt had *a decent meal for a month ( have= , )

have-had-had 12) He looks as though he hasnt had a decent meal for a month ( )

13) He looks as if he hasn't slept all night. ( -. he looks very tired) 14) He looks as if he hadn't slept all night. ( ) 15) It feels as if summer's on the way. ( -The warm air and sunny sky suggest this) . ( -The sound of a car stopping, doors opening, people talking outside suggest this) 17) He walks as if he were an old man. 16) It sounds as if they've arrived

-- in fact he's a young man)

19) They talk as if the world were coming to an end. ( =Of course it's not)

20) It looks as if the world is coming to an end. ( ) 21) He looks as if/though he's sick. ( -He is sick)

22) He talks as if/though he were sick. ( *** 'as if/as though' : 1 : 1( ) -actually he's well)

a) its getting colder outside. It feels as if winter has arrived . ( : . ) b)its getting colder outside. It feels as if winter had arrived . ( : . 'as if/as though ' tense),had,would,could,etc' : 1( ) a) it was getting colder outside. It felt as if winter had arrived b) it was getting colder outside. It felt as if winter had arrived ( . ) . ) 'as if /as though' 'was,were,v2(past .

. : b) it was getting colder outside. It felt as if winter had arrived. But autumn had just started ( . ) :2( ) . .

a)He behaves as if he owns the place b)He behaves as if he owed the place :2( ) He behaved as if he owed the place :3( a)She looks as if she is rich b)She looks as if she was/were rich :3( ) She looked as if she was/were rich :4( a)He looks as if he knows the answer b)He looks as if he knew the answer :4( ) He looked as if he knew the answer :5( ) ) )

a)She behaves as if she can't understand me b)She behaves as if she couldn't understand me :5( ) She behaved as if she couldn't understand me :6( ) a)He talks as if he had never been to Ooty b)He talks as if he has never been to Ooty :6( ) He talked as if he had never been to Ooty :7( ) Shes behaving as if she were the Queen of England! :7( ) She was behaving as if she were the Queen of England!

:8(

I feel as if I am in a very nice dream :8( ) I felt as if I was in a very nice dream :9( )

It looks as if were going to have trouble with him again :9( ) It looked as if we were going to have trouble with him again : 10 ( ) He talks as though he knew where she was : 10 ( ) He talked as though he knew where she was : 11 ( ) He talks as though he knows where she is : 11 ( ) He talked as though he knew where she was : 12 ( ) They look as if they don't sleep well : 12 ( ) They looked as if they didn't sleep well : 13 ( ) He orders me about as if I were his wife : 13 ( ) He ordered me about as if I were his wife : 14 ( ) It feels as if summer's on the way : 14 ( ) It felt as if summer was on the way : 15 ( It sounds as if they've arrived : 15 ( ) It sounded as if they had arrived *** 'as if/as though' : He looks like he hasn't slept all night. (informally) 'like' )

He looked like he hadn't slept all night It feels like summer's on the way. It felt like summer was on the way It sounds like they've arrived It sounded like they had arrived It looks like it's going to rain It looked like it was going to rain ***** ' '

work sheet

1)He doesnt own the place. He walks around here as if he ____________ the place. (own) 2)Shes not an expert on this topic. She speaks about this topic as though she ____________ an expert. (be) 3)It didnt happen yesterday. Karens speaking about it as if it _______________ yesterday. (happen) 4)It doesnt matter to me. How many times do I have to tell you that it doesnt matter to me? I dont know why you continue to speak to me about this as if it ____________ to me. (matter) 5)Its possible for things to improve. I dont know why they are speaking as if there ____________ no possibility of things improving. (be) 6)Traveling through outer space is not something everyone can do. He speaks about traveling through outer space as though it ____________ something that everyone ____________ do. (be) 7)Rob doesnt have all the time in the world. Rob lives as though he ____________ all the time in the world. (have) 8)Money isnt the most important thing in the world. They talk about money as if it ____________ the most important thing in the world. (be) 9)Its impossible to sleep for a year. Im so tired and exhausted that I feel as though I _______________________ for a year. (sleep) 10)It is not possible to sleep for a year. I was so tired and exhausted that I ____________ as though I ________________________ for a year. (feel) (sleep) 11)He has met them before. He has amnesia. He looks at his family and friends as though he ____________ them before. (met) . 12)It has not been a week since they ate. They ate in the morning. Theyre so hungry. The yre eating as if they ________________ for a week. (eat)

13)Carol doesnt have two million dollars. Carol uses her credit card as if she ____________ two million dollars. (have) 14)They should have something better to do than watch TV all day long. They do. They sit aroun d watching TV all day long as if they ____________ nothing better to do. (have) 16)Summer has finally arrived. Its such a beautiful day today, and the sun is shining. It feels as though summer __________ finally ____________. (arrive) 17)Carol is not a temporary employee. She spoke to Carol as if she ____________ a temporary employee. (be) 18)Shes not the owner of a temporary work agency. She doesnt own a temporary work agency. She spoke as if she ____________ the owner of a temporary work agency. (be) 19)There is something better to do than watch TV. They sit around and watch TV all day as if there ____________ nothing better to do.

will (modal verb )


(modal verbs ) 1 used for talking about or predicting the future ( ) You'll be in time if you hurry. { (if you hurry), will be in time)} *will be= , ;eg: he will be in the office ? (you , verb

How long will you be staying in Paris? *will stay= *will be staying= *How long= , Fred said he'd(would) be leaving soon. *would soon'' or indirect speech' will . .

''would be leaving 'reported speech

:''I will be leaving soon''.

What time will she arrive? ? I hope they won't be late *won't=will not Clare will be five years old next month. 5 The train leaves at 8.58, so we'll be in Scotland by lunchtime. 8.58 . *by= :eg: by June,by Sunday,by 5 pm,etc. /

I'll see him tomorrow./I'll be seeing him tomorrow. / Will Susie be there? ?/ It won't be easy to find another secretary. There'll be trouble when she finds out. *there will be=( ) / If he's late again, I'll be very angry. I'll wait with Christopher if his mother isn't here when you go. / ).it takes 15 minutes to boil an egg =it will take years to teach you English well ( ) ;let's sing, let's go, etc. There will be a short ceremony at the war memorial. The President will attend a lunch hosted* by the Queen ( ) ? Lets finish the job now it wont take long. *it takes= *it took= *it will take= *let's=let us( ?

.it took 5 hours to prepare this lesson

Who do you think will win on Saturday?

verb

(past participle)

eg: written by Keats, sent by email, sung by Lisna & Soumya ,etc. *** 2 used for showing that somebody is willing to do something ( ) I'll check this letter for you, if you want. They won't lend us any more money. He wouldn't comehe said he was too busy. (actual sentence: ''I won't come-l am too busy") We said we would keep them. (actual sentence: ''we will keep them") Dr Wilson will see you now. The baby won't eat anything. I'll give you a lift. Ask Dan if he'll take them. I've asked her but she won't come. If you wont tell him the truth, I will. / Wholl help me in the kitchen? *** 3 used for asking somebody to do something ( Will you send this letter for me, please? You'll water the plants while I'm away, won't you? ? ?

Will you give me her address? ? Will you give that to Tony when you see him, please? Will you please listen to what Im saying! ? Will someone kindly tell me what is going on around here? ? *** 4 used for ordering somebody to do something ( ) You'll do it this minute! Will you be quiet! ! You will do as I say. Every employee will carry an identity card at all times.

Will you stop being such a pain! You'll go upstairs and you'll go straight to bed like your father told you! All staff will attend regular training courses. You will not leave this house without my permission *** 5 used for stating what you think is probably true ( )

That'll be the doctor now. You'll have had dinner already, I suppose. That will be Tim coming home now. As you will have noticed, there are some gaps in the data. Most of you will know about the problems weve been having. Theres the doorbell. Thatll be Janet . *** 6 used for stating what is generally true ( If it's made of wood it will float. Engines won't run without lubricants. Oil will float on water. Accidents will happen Fruit will keep longer in the fridge.

*** 7 used for stating what is true or possible in a particular case ( ) This jar will hold a kilo. The door won't open! The engine wont start. This quantity of rice will feed six people

This car will hold five people comfortably Natural rubber will stretch easily when pulled. *** 8 used for talking about habits (

She'll listen to music, alone in her room, for hours. He would spend hours on the telephone. Hell usually show up about a half an hour late with no excuse or apologies. / Theyll happily spend the whole day playing computer games. *** 9 (spoken) used to offer something to someone or to invite them to do something: ( ) Will you have some more tea? Won't you have a seat? ? Will you join us for a drink, Evie? , Will you come in for a while? You'll have some cake, won't you, Charles? , Will you have a cup of tea? Wont you stay for lunch? ? END OF THE LESSON Thank You for Reading ? , ? ? ? ?

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