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Agenda

Defense Support of Civil


Authorities for Mortuary Affairs
•NORAD-USNORTHCOM Quick Overview
North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)
•Military Mortuary Affairs – Roles, Missions, Forces
and
United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) •How and when to request support

Eric D. Martin
Lieutenant Colonel, US Army
Joint Mortuary Affairs Officer
NORAD-USNORTHCOM J4
Peterson AFB, Colorado
719-554-7232
Eric.martin@northcom.mil UNCLASSIFIED

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Overview

•NORAD - A Bi-National Command (US, Canada)


•Aerospace Warning and Control

•NORTHCOM – A Combatant Command


•Homeland Defense
•Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA)

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Military Mortuary Affairs Responsibilities

• In DoD, mortuary affairs is a logistics function. The primary


responsible officer within USNORTHCOM is the Joint
Mortuary Affairs Officer (JMAO) assigned to the
Director of Logistics

• Under the National Response Plan, fatality management


falls under ESF 8, Public Health and Medical Services. The
Department of Health and Human Services is the
primary responsible federal agency

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Jurisdiction Likely Requests for DOD Assistance

• Search and Recovery*


• Decontamination*
DOD will almost always be in support of • Identification
another federal agency or local authority • Disposition (Mass Burial)
• Advisory Support

*National Capability Shortfalls


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Military Mortuary Affairs DOD Capability

Logistics Functions - 54th Company (MA) USA, Ft Lee Va.-203


•Combatant Commands (not Medical/Health)
•Recover the dead - 111th Company (MA) USA, Ft Lee VA. - 203
•Transport to a main collection point
•Make and maintain records (custody, personal effects, tentative ID) - 311th Company (MA) USAR, PR-203
•Coordinate transport to Dover AFB
•Casualty reporting of assigned personnel to Services and DOD - 246th Company (MA) USAR, PR-176
•Services (Army, Navy, USMC, USAF) with their installations - Personnel Recovery & Processing Co USMC -140
•Casualty Notification
•Family Assistance - 512th Squadron (MA) USAF, Dover AFB-63
•Grief counseling
•Dover Port Mortuary / Armed Forces Medical Examiner and the - Other Air Force Service Support Squadrons
Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
•Forensic expertise (autopsy, definitive ID)
- Joint POW and MIA Accounting Command HI-400
•Preparation for burial There is NO Fatality Management Office in NC
•Transfer to family/funeral home •J4 – Recovery, transport - Armed Forces Medical Examiners Office 4-7
•J1 – Casualty reporting
•HC – Spiritual welfare and family support
- Armed Forces Institute of Pathology 9-11
issues - Dover Port Mortuary 8-10 (Expandable via Contracts)
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BIAP, UNCLASSIFIED
Baghdad, Iraq

Reefer trailer
ISU-96
Processing Tent

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– One of Many

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Search and Recovery

Recovery Squads
RTF


DECON
•2-10 MA Trained Personnel or
•Combination of MA and Non-MA workers
•Driver
•Eng/EOD (as required)
Response

+
nt
de
ci
EOD

I n •Embed with Law Enforcement


•Eng/EOD (as required)
•Cadaver Dogs
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Collection Points Mortuary Affairs Response Concept

Legal Authority
•County Coroners/Governor
6 PERSONNEL FUNCTIONS Local Provider Tasks
•Direct Recovery/integrate
Feds
• Initiate continual chain e
•Approve DOD Authorities
Zon
1 M931 5T Tractor of custody for personal
•Final Disposition Decision
•Notify NOK Hot
1 M871 Trailer •Contract Recovery Labor
1 8x8x20 Refer effects Mobile Collection Points (LE, NG or DOD)
Federal Non-DOD Tasks
1 M923 5T Cargo •Deploy DMORT teams
1M149 Water Trailer •Employ Morgue Units
1 10KW/3KW Generator
• Establish Tentative ID •Decon 50 / day Proposed Temp Interment

(name Association) •Contract Refer Storage X X


•Contract recovery labor
Personnel No change
3 •Operate Temp Storage
Setup 3 hours •DNA sampling
Tents Tear Down 15 hours • Provide dignity, reverence DECON
10KW 3KW
generator generator
Mobility No offroad capability and respect DOD Tasks
Footprint 9,295 cubic feet of •Search and Recover Dead TEMPORARY MORGUE
Temp Storage, (Local, FEMA)
equipment •Operate Collection Points DNA Sampling, attempt ID
•Decon 50 / day
• Preserve remains in viewable •Reinforce DMORT Teams
Send to NOK or Temp Inter
DECON – if possible
DOD FORCE
Base: 2 MA Companies
12 Camo
systems condition •Conduct Temp Interment C2 – CSS BN HQ

•DNA typing and sampling

CONTRACTED FORCE

• Evacuate remains •TBD

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MADCP Large Mass Fatality Event

Mortuary Affairs Decontamination Collection Point (MADCP) Mass Temporary Interment

– 38 person Ad Hoc Team (12-14 MA) Can • Decision – Governor


decon 30-48 remains in a 12 hour shift. • Army Mortuary Affairs Companies Trained
• Preserve DNA sample for ID later
– Not sufficient for large number of remains • Record remains location referenced to DNA
(>1,000) sample
No capability exists in the United States to decontaminate a large
number of remains

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Armed Forces Medical Examiner Requesting Support

The Armed Forces Medical Examiner System • FEMA


– Manages Federal Response (including DOD)
– Organized according to the Incident Command System
• The AFME – U.S. Navy Captain – Medical Doctor
– ESF 8 sends Requests for Assistance to FCO and DCO for
• Oversees the following action
– 5 regional military medical examiners • Federal Coordinating Officer
– Armed Forces Institute of Pathology – Approves requests for assistance
– Dover Port Mortuary – Coords with DCO
• Exercises secondary jurisdiction and assists FBI • Defense Coordinating Officer
– Space shuttle disaster – Region IX – Col Mark Armstrong, Oakland CA
– Locates at Joint Field Office
– Pentagon 9/11
– Interfaces directly with FEMA and FCO
– Sends RFA/Mission Assignments higher for approval
– Under the command of USNORTHCOM when activated
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EXORD or MOD
Designates supporting and
supported commands and
Stakeholders
ARNORTH, AFNORTH, CFFC,
Final Thoughts
C2 relationship. Tasks Joint Staff EXORD or MOD MARFORNORTH, TRANSCOM,
Commands, Services and STRATCOM, PACOM, NRCC,
DoD Agencies to deploy Yes JDOMS DCO, LNO, etc.
and execute mission.
Coordination with Services,
F Coordination
DE JFCOM, DoD Agencies, USNORTHCOM
SEC Approve
End
No and Combatant Commands. Evaluates RFA, does mission
Mission Passes recommendation to analysis, coordinates with
SecDef for decision. “Stakeholders”, recommends
Deny Request DoD forces and forwards to JDOMS
OASD(HD)
Return to originator
No ExecSec •No federal asset or plan exists to recover a large number
DC
O /E
Pre-Scripted?
of remains
DLO / DCO Yes DCO Coordinates with JTF, and
Or, Proper DOD
Habitually support passes RFA to USNORTHCOM
Mission? O Coordination
FEMA Regional offices EPL est.)
Yes LFA en
(wh Assess impact, makes •Command, control, and coordination of a mass fatality
FCO USSS, DOJ, DoD ExecSec
JTF recommendation,
No
Is FEMA or a FCO
the Requestor?
DOS, DHHS
USCP, NTSB,
is the primary
entry for RFA
requests added operational
support, issues WARNORD if
event will be complex and problematic
USDA, NIFC,
Disaster declaration! Others into DoD determined that already deployed
No
forces can fill.
SCO USACE or
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Yes
Nat. Guard •The legal and procedural framework for a national
& EMAC fill? Requester obtains sponsorship

No EPL
O from LFA who passes RFA to
DoD ExecSec under terms of
the Economy Act.
Common to all RFA response to a large mass fatality event needs to be
Yes Immediate Non-Stafford Path
Response?
Non-Stafford Act Request: Stafford Act RFA Path created
Start Cancel
Pre & Post-Stafford Act Requests
(Incident anticipated or occurs)
As of 30 March 06
Start
Regardless of whether or not there is a Presidential Disaster Declaration, Commanders may respond to request under Immediate Response
Authority to 1) Save lives 2) Mitigate great property damage 3) Prevent human suffering. (Report to higher ASAP) End UNCLASSIFIED

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