Chapter 7

Offshore Structures
Offshore Structures
·Drilling rigs: Exploration oI oil and gas
Stay in a place Ior a Iew months (Mobil or movable)
- Jack-up drilling rig
- Mobil OIIshore Drilling Unit
· Production platforms: Production oI oil and gas
Stay in a place Ior at least a Iew years (usually 20 -30 years)
- Ground-base structure ( ·500 m)
- Floating Structures (~ 500 m)
OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
ample of jack-up
drilling rig
Legs are retractable
Steel Jacket PlatIorm in
20 200 m waters
Cannot be moved
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1acket :
Concrete Gravity Structure
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semi-
submersible
Drilling Rig
ooring
system
Or
Dynamic
positioning
%LP (%ension Leg Platform)
OFFSHORE PRODUCTÌON & DRÌLLÌNG
· AUGER TLP · OCEAN CLÌPPER
· SPAR Platform
Single Point Mooring (SPM)
Single Bouy Mooring (SBM)
OFFSHORE STRUCTURES
SOU% PARS GAS FILD Development SOU% PARS GAS FILD Development
·Phase 1-5 under production,Phase 6-10 under construction
·Phase 11-18 is planed to come to Production by 2010
·Bid Ior Phases11-18 EPC Contract not started yet.
·Each oI Phases 11 and 13 equals 2 Identical Phase
·Phase 12 equals 3 Identical Phase
·Phase 19-22 have not been released yet
·Phase 1-5 under production,Phase 6-10 under construction
·Phase 11-18 is planed to come to Production by 2010
·Bid Ior Phases11-18 EPC Contract not started yet.
·Each oI Phases 11 and 13 equals 2 Identical Phase
·Phase 12 equals 3 Identical Phase
·Phase 19-22 have not been released yet
ellhead PlatIorm
Bridge Support
Flare Support
Flare Tower
Flare Bridge
ellhead Bridge
OIIshore part Ior each Identical
South Pars Phase includes:
·One ellhead Jacket
(3000 ton including piles)
·One Topside (2900 ton)
·Two Tripod PlatIorms
(1200 ton)
·Two Intermediate
Bridge(250 ton)
·One Flare Tower(150 ton)
·Total weight Ior each
phase 7500 ton
OIIshore part Ior each Identical
South Pars Phase includes:
·One ellhead Jacket
(3000 ton including piles)
·One Topside (2900 ton)
·Two Tripod PlatIorms
(1200 ton)
·Two Intermediate
Bridge(250 ton)
·One Flare Tower(150 ton)
·Total weight Ior each
phase 7500 ton
Offshore Wind Turbines
Offshore Wind
Power Station
· Larger average wind speed than onshore
· Technical expertise exists from oil rig
experience
· Suitable location
TidaI Power
· Located at some coastal sites - usually
estuaries and bays with large tidal range.
· Shape of coastal site above and below sea
level determines range eg Bay of Funday,
Severn.
· At high tide reservoir of water is created
which is allowed to ebb through turbines
located in dam.
· Expensive construction.
Wave Power
Land Installed
Marine Powered
Energy
Transformer on
Islay, West Coast
of Scotland.
LIMPET provides 500kW of electricity
Floating Airport
Floating Airport
Underwater Tunnel
DP (Dynamic Positioning)
'#OT O'#'W
· Picture showing wind, wave, current, and
seafloor for semisubmersible FPS
ave Forces on Offshore Structures
· orrison 6uations
· Diffraction/Radiation %heory
(Potential theory, neglect water viscosity)
· CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics)
(Navier-Stokes 6uations, considering
water viscosity)
Construction
Transportation
Ìnstallation
Installation of ellhead 1ackets (SPD7,SPD8, SPD9) - Completed.
OIIshore Operator:Petropars / Statoil
Main EPCI Contractor : ISOICO
From Dec. 2003 to June 2004
Installation of ellhead 1ackets (SPD7,SPD8, SPD9) - Completed.
OIIshore Operator:Petropars / Statoil
Main EPCI Contractor : ISOICO
From Dec. 2003 to June 2004
ydrodynamic Shape Optimization

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