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–1–
FIITJEE
SOLUTION TO AIEEE-2005

MATHEMATICS

1. If A
2
– A + I = 0, then the inverse of A is
(1) A + I (2) A
(3) A – I (4) I – A
1. (4)
Given A
2
– A + I = 0
A
–1
A
2
– A
–1
A + A
–1
– I = A
–1
⋅0 (Multiplying A
–1
on both sides)
⇒ A - I + A
-1
= 0 or A
–1
= I – A.

2. If the cube roots of unity are 1, ω, ω
2
then the roots of the equation
(x – 1)
3
+ 8 = 0, are
(1) -1 , - 1 + 2ω, - 1 - 2ω
2
(2) -1 , -1, - 1
(3) -1 , 1 - 2ω, 1 - 2ω
2
(4) -1 , 1 + 2ω, 1 + 2ω
2

2. (3)
(x – 1)
3
+ 8 = 0 ⇒ (x – 1) = (-2) (1)
1/3

⇒ x – 1 = -2 or -2ω or -2ω
2

or n = -1 or 1 – 2ω or 1 – 2ω
2
.

3. Let R = {(3, 3), (6, 6), (9, 9), (12, 12), (6, 12), (3, 9), (3, 12), (3, 6)} be a relation on
the set A = {3, 6, 9, 12} be a relation on the set A = {3, 6, 9, 12}. The relation is
(1) reflexive and transitive only (2) reflexive only
(3) an equivalence relation (4) reflexive and symmetric only
3. (1)
Reflexive and transitive only.
e.g. (3, 3), (6, 6), (9, 9), (12, 12) [Reflexive]
(3, 6), (6, 12), (3, 12) [Transitive].

4. Area of the greatest rectangle that can be inscribed in the ellipse
2 2
2 2
x y
1
a b
+ = is
(1) 2ab (2) ab
(3) ab (4)
a
b

4. (1)
Area of rectangle ABCD = (2acosθ)
(2bsinθ) = 2absin2θ
⇒ Area of greatest rectangle is equal to
2ab
when sin2θ = 1.


(-acosθ, bsinθ)
B
(-acosθ, -bsinθ)C D(acosθ, -bsinθ)
A(acosθ, bsinθ)
X
Y

5. The differential equation representing the family of curves y
2
=
( )
2c x c + , where c
> 0, is a parameter, is of order and degree as follows:
(1) order 1, degree 2 (2) order 1, degree 1
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–2–
(3) order 1, degree 3 (4) order 2, degree 2
5. (3)
y
2
= 2c(x + √c) …(i)
2yy′ = 2c⋅1 or yy′ = c …(ii)
⇒ y
2
= 2yy′ (x + yy′ ) [on putting value of c from (ii) in (i)]
On simplifying, we get
(y – 2xy′)
2
= 4yy′
3
…(iii)
Hence equation (iii) is of order 1 and degree 3.

6.
2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
n
1 1 2 4 1
lim sec sec .... sec 1
n n n n n
→∞
(
+ + +
(
¸ ¸
equals
(1)
1
sec1
2
(2)
1
cosec1
2

(3) tan1 (4)
1
tan1
2

6. (4)

2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
n
1 1 2 4 3 9 1
lim sec sec sec .... sec 1
n n n n n n n
→∞
(
+ + + +
(
¸ ¸
is equal to
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
n n
r r 1 r r
lim sec lim sec
n n n n n
→∞ →∞
= ⋅
⇒ Given limit is equal to value of integral
1
2 2
0
x sec x dx


or
1 1
2 2
0 0
1 1
2x sec x dx sec tdt
2 2
=
∫ ∫
[put x
2
= t]
= ( )
1
0
1 1
tant tan1
2 2
= .

7. ABC is a triangle. Forces P, Q, R

acting along IA, IB and IC respectively are in
equilibrium, where I is the incentre of ∆ABC. Then P : Q : R is
(1) sinA : sin B : sinC (2)
A B C
sin : sin : sin
2 2 2

(3)
A B C
cos : cos : cos
2 2 2
(4) cosA : cosB : cosC
7. (3)
Using Lami’s Theorem

A B C
P: Q: R cos : cos : cos
2 2 2
= .

A
B
C
I
P

Q

R

8. If in a frequently distribution, the mean and median are 21 and 22 respectively, then
its mode is approximately
(1) 22.0 (2) 20.5
(3) 25.5 (4) 24.0
8. (4)
Mode + 2Mean = 3 Median
⇒ Mode = 3 × 22 – 2 × 21= 66 – 42= 24.

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–3–
9. Let P be the point (1, 0) and Q a point on the locus y
2
= 8x. The locus of mid point of
PQ is
(1) y
2
– 4x + 2 = 0 (2) y
2
+ 4x + 2 = 0
(3) x
2
+ 4y + 2 = 0 (4) x
2
– 4y + 2 = 0
9. (1)
P = (1, 0)
Q = (h, k) such that k
2
= 8h
Let (α, β) be the midpoint of PQ

h 1
2
+
α = ,
k 0
2
+
β =
2α - 1 = h 2β = k.
(2β)
2
= 8 (2α - 1) ⇒ β
2
= 4α - 2
⇒ y
2
– 4x + 2 = 0.

10. If C is the mid point of AB and P is any point outside AB, then
(1) PA PB 2PC + =

(2) PA PB PC + =


(3) PA PB 2PC 0 + + =

(4) PA PB PC 0 + + =


10. (1)
PA AC CP 0 + + =


PB BC CP 0 + + =


Adding, we get
PA PB AC BC 2CP 0 + + + + =


Since AC BC = −


& CP PC = −


⇒PA PB 2PC 0 + − =

.
P
A
C
B


11. If the coefficients of rth, (r+ 1)th and (r + 2)th terms in the binomial expansion of (1 +
y)
m
are in A.P., then m and r satisfy the equation
(1) m
2
– m(4r – 1) + 4r
2
– 2 = 0 (2) m
2
– m(4r+1) + 4r
2
+ 2 = 0
(3) m
2
– m(4r + 1) + 4r
2
– 2 = 0 (4) m
2
– m(4r – 1) + 4r
2
+ 2 = 0
11. (3)
Given
m m m
r 1 r r 1
C , C , C
− +
are in A.P.

m m m
r r 1 r 1
2 C C C
− +
= +

m m
r 1 r 1
m m
r r
C C
2
C C
− +
= +
=
r m r
m r 1 r 1

+
− + +

⇒ m
2
– m (4r + 1) + 4r
2
– 2 = 0.
12. In a triangle PQR, ∠R =
2
π
. If tan
P
2
| |
|
\ .
and tan
Q
2
| |
|
\ .
are the roots of
ax
2
+ bx + c = 0, a ≠ 0 then
(1) a = b + c (2) c = a + b
(3) b = c (4) b = a + c
12. (2)

P Q
tan , tan
2 2
| | | |
| |
\ . \ .
are the roots of ax
2
+ bx + c = 0

P Q b
tan tan
2 2 a
| | | |
+ = −
| |
\ . \ .

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–4–

P Q c
tan tan
2 2 a
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .


P Q
tan tan
P Q 2 2
tan 1
P Q 2 2
1 tan tan
2 2
| | | |
+
| |
| |
\ . \ .
= + =
|
| | | |
\ .

| |
\ . \ .


b
a
1
c
1
a

=


b a c
a a a
− = − ⇒ b a c − = −
c = a + b.

13. The system of equations
αx + y + z = α - 1,
x + αy + z = α - 1,
x + y + αz = α - 1
has no solution, if α is
(1) -2 (2) either – 2 or 1
(3) not -2 (4) 1
13. (1)
αx + y + z = α - 1
x + αy + z = α - 1
x + y + zα = α - 1

1 1
1 1
1 1
α
∆ = α
α

= α(α
2
– 1) – 1(α - 1) + 1(1 - α)
= α (α - 1) (α + 1) – 1(α - 1) – 1(α - 1)
⇒ (α - 1)[α
2
+ α - 1 – 1] = 0
⇒ (α - 1)[α
2
+ α - 2] = 0

2
+ 2α - α - 2] = 0
(α - 1) [α(α + 2) – 1(α + 2)] = 0
(α - 1) = 0, α + 2 = 0 ⇒ α = –2, 1; but α ≠ 1.

14. The value of α for which the sum of the squares of the roots of the equation
x
2
– (a – 2)x – a – 1 = 0 assume the least value is
(1) 1 (2) 0
(3) 3 (4) 2
14. (1)
x
2
– (a – 2)x – a – 1 = 0
⇒ α + β = a – 2
α β = –(a + 1)
α
2
+ β
2
= (α + β)
2
- 2αβ

= a
2
– 2a + 6 = (a – 1)
2
+ 5
⇒ a = 1.

15. If roots of the equation x
2
– bx + c = 0 be two consectutive integers, then b
2
– 4c
equals
(1) – 2 (2) 3
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–5–
(3) 2 (4) 1
15. (4)
Let α, α + 1 be roots
α + α + 1 = b
α(α + 1) = c
∴ b
2
– 4c = (2α + 1)
2
- 4α(α + 1) = 1.

16. If the letters of word SACHIN are arranged in all possible ways and these words are
written out as in dictionary, then the word SACHIN appears at serial number
(1) 601 (2) 600
(3) 603 (4) 602
16. (1)
Alphabetical order is
A, C, H, I, N, S
No. of words starting with A – 5!
No. of words starting with C – 5!
No. of words starting with H – 5!
No. of words starting with I – 5!
No. of words starting with N – 5!
SACHIN – 1
601.

17. The value of
50
C
4
+
6
56 r
3
r 1
C

=

is
(1)
55
C
4
(2)
55
C
3

(3)
56
C
3
(4)
56
C
4

17. (4)

50
C
4
+
6
56 r
3
r 1
C

=



50 55 54 53 52 51 50
4 3 3 3 3 3 3
C C C C C C C ( ⇒ + + + + + +
¸ ¸


( )
50 50 51 52 53 54 55
4 3 3 3 3 3 3
C C C C C C C = + + + + + +

( )
51 51 52 53 54 55
4 3 3 3 3 3
C C C C C C + + + + +

55
C
4
+
55
C
3
=
56
C
4
.

18. If A =
1 0
1 1
(
(
¸ ¸
and I =
1 0
0 1
(
(
¸ ¸
, then which one of the following holds for all n ≥ 1, by
the principle of mathematical indunction
(1) A
n
= nA – (n – 1)I (2) A
n
= 2
n-1
A – (n – 1)I
(3) A
n
= nA + (n – 1)I (4) A
n
= 2
n-1
A + (n – 1)I
18. (1)
By the principle of mathematical induction (1) is true.

19. If the coefficient of x
7
in
11
2
1
ax
bx
( | |
+
| (
\ . ¸ ¸
equals the coefficient of x
-7
in
11
2
1
ax
bx
( | |

| (
\ . ¸ ¸
,
then a and b satisfy the relation
(1) a – b = 1 (2) a + b = 1
(3)
a
b
= 1 (4) ab = 1
19. (4)
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–6–
T
r + 1
in the expansion
( )
11 r
11 r
2 11 2
r
1 1
ax C ax
bx bx

( | |
+ =
| (
¸ ¸ \ .

=
11
C
r
(a)
11 – r
(b)
-r
(x)
22 – 2r – r

⇒ 22 – 3r = 7 ⇒ r = 5
∴ coefficient of x
7
=
11
C
5
(a)
6
(b)
-5
……(1)
Again T
r + 1
in the expansion ( )
11 r
11 r
11
r 2 2
1 1
ax C ax
bx bx
− ( | |
− = −
| (
¸ ¸ \ .

=
11
C
r
a
11 – r
(-1)
r
× (b)
-r
(x)
-2r
(x)
11 - r

Now 11 – 3r = -7 ⇒ 3r = 18 ⇒ r = 6
∴ coefficient of x
-7
=
11
C
6
a
5
× 1 × (b)
-6

⇒ ( ) ( ) ( )
6 5 6
11 11 5
5 6
C a b C a b
− −
= ×
⇒ ab = 1.

20. Let f : (-1, 1) → B, be a function defined by f(x) =
1
2
2x
tan
1 x


, then f is both one-one
and onto when B is the interval
(1) 0,
2
π | |
|
\ .
(2) 0,
2
π |
|
¸ .

(3) ,
2 2
π π (

(
¸ ¸
(4) ,
2 2
π π | |

|
\ .

20. (4)
Given f(x) =
1
2
2x
tan
1 x

| |
|

\ .
for x∈(-1, 1)
clearly range of f(x) = ,
2 2
π π | |

|
\ .

∴ co-domain of function = B = ,
2 2
π π | |

|
\ .
.

21. If z
1
and z
2
are two non-zero complex numbers such that |z
1
+ z
2
| = |z
1
| + |z
2
| then
argz
1
– argz
2
is equal to
(1)
2
π
(2) - π
(3) 0 (4) -
2
π

21. (3)
|z
1
+ z
2
| = |z
1
| + |z
2
| ⇒ z
1
and z
2
are collinear and are to the same side of origin;
hence arg z
1
– arg z
2
= 0.

22. If ω =
z
1
z i
3

and |ω| = 1, then z lies on
(1) an ellipse (2) a circle
(3) a straight line (4) a parabola.
22. (3)
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–7–
As given
z | z |
w | w |
1 1
z i | z i |
3 3
= ⇒ =
− −
= 1 ⇒ distance of z from origin and point
1
0,
3
| |
|
\ .
is same hence z lies on bisector of the line joining points (0, 0) and (0, 1/3).
Hence z lies on a straight line.

23. If a
2
+ b
2
+ c
2
= -2 and f(x) =
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
1 a x 1 b x 1 c x
1 a x 1 b x 1 c x
1 a x 1 b x 1 c x
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
then f(x) is a
polynomial of degree
(1) 1 (2) 0
(3) 3 (4) 2
23. (4)
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
2 2 2 2 2
1 a b c 2 x 1 b x 1 c x
f x 1 a b c 2 x 1 b x 1 c x
1 a b c 2 x 1 b x 1 c x
+ + + + + +
= + + + + + +
+ + + + + +
, Applying C
1
→ C
1
+ C
2
+ C
3

=
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2
2 2
1 1 b x 1 c x
1 1 b x 1 c x
1 1 b x 1 c x
+ +
+ +
+ +

2 2 2
a b c 2 0 + + + = ∵
f(x) =
( )
2 2
0 x 1 0
0 1 x x 1
1 1 b x 1 c x

− −
+ +
; Applying R
1
→ R
1
– R
2
, R
2
→ R
2
– R
3

f(x) = (x – 1)
2

Hence degree = 2.

24. The normal to the curve x = a(cosθ + θ sinθ), y = a( sinθ - θ cosθ) at any point ‘θ’ is
such that
(1) it passes through the origin
(2) it makes angle
2
π
+ θ with the x-axis
(3) it passes through a , a
2
π | |

|
\ .

(4) it is at a constant distance from the origin
24. (4)
Clearly
dy
dx
= tan θ ⇒ slope of normal = - cot θ
Equation of normal at ‘θ’ is
y – a(sin θ - θ cos θ) = - cot θ(x – a(cos θ + θ sin θ)
⇒ y sin θ - a sin
2
θ + a θ cos θ sin θ = -x cos θ + a cos
2
θ + a θ sin θ cos θ
⇒ x cos θ + y sin θ = a
Clearly this is an equation of straight line which is at a constant distance ‘a’ from
origin.

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–8–
25. A function is matched below against an interval where it is supposed to be
increasing. Which of the following pairs is incorrectly matched?
Interval Function
(1) (-∞, ∞) x
3
– 3x
2
+ 3x + 3
(2) [2, ∞) 2x
3
– 3x
2
– 12x + 6
(3)
1
,
3
| (
−∞
(
\ ¸
3x
2
– 2x + 1
(4) (- ∞, -4] x
3
+ 6x
2
+ 6
25. (3)
Clearly function f(x) = 3x
2
– 2x + 1 is increasing when
f′(x) = 6x – 2 ≥ 0 ⇒ x∈[1/3, ∞)
Hence (3) is incorrect.

26. Let α and β be the distinct roots of ax
2
+ bx + c = 0, then
( )
( )
2
2
x
1 cos ax bx c
lim
x
→α
− + +
− α
is
equal to
(1) ( )
2
2 a
2
α − β (2) 0
(3) ( )
2
2 a
2
− α − β (4) ( )
2 1
2
α − β
26. (1)
Given limit =
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
2 2
x x
x x
2sin a
2 1 cosa x x
lim lim
x x
→α →α
| | − α − β
|
− − α − β
\ .
=
− α − α


( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
2
2 2
2
2 2 2
2 x
x x
sin a
2 a x x
2
lim
4
x a x x
4
→α
| | − α − β
|
− α − β
\ .
= × ×
− α − α − β

=
( )
2
2
a
2
α − β
.

27. Suppose f(x) is differentiable x = 1 and ( )
h 0
1
lim f 1 h 5
h

+ = , then f′(1) equals
(1) 3 (2) 4
(3) 5 (4) 6
27. (3)
( )
( ) ( )
h 0
f 1 h f 1
f 1 lim
h

+ −
′ = ; As function is differentiable so it is continuous as it is given
that
( )
h 0
f 1 h
lim 5
h

+
= and hence f(1) = 0
Hence f′(1)
( )
h 0
f 1 h
lim 5
h

+
= =
Hence (3) is the correct answer.

28. Let f be differentiable for all x. If f(1) = - 2 and f′(x) ≥ 2 for x ∈ [1, 6] , then
(1) f(6) ≥ 8 (2) f(6) < 8
(3) f(6) < 5 (4) f(6) = 5
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–9–
28. (1)
As f(1) = - 2 & f′(x) ≥ 2 ∀ x ∈ [1, 6]
Applying Lagrange’s mean value theorem

( ) ( )
( )
f 6 f 1
f c 2
5

′ = ≥
⇒ f(6) ≥ 10 + f(1)
⇒ f(6) ≥ 10 – 2
⇒ f(6) ≥ 8.

29. If f is a real-valued differentiable function satisfying |f(x) – f(y)| ≤ (x – y)
2
, x, y ∈ R and
f(0) = 0, then f(1) equals
(1) -1 (2) 0
(3) 2 (4) 1
29. (2)
f′(x) =
( ) ( )
h 0
f x h f x
lim
h

+ −

( )
( ) ( ) ( )
2
h 0 h 0
f x h f x h
| f x | lim lim
h h
→ →
+ −
′ = ≤
⇒ |f′(x)| ≤ 0 ⇒ f′(x) = 0 ⇒ f(x) = constant
As f(0) = 0 ⇒ f(1) = 0.

30. If x is so small that x
3
and higher powers of x may be neglected, then
( )
( )
3
3/ 2
1/ 2
1
1 x 1 x
2
1 x
| |
+ − +
|
\ .

may be approximated as
(1)
2
3
1 x
8
− (2)
2
3
3x x
8
+
(3)
2
3
x
8
− (4)
2
x 3
x
2 8

30. (3)
(1 – x)
1/2
( )
2
2
3 3 3 1 1
1 x 1 x 1 3 x 3 2 x
2 2 2 2 2
(
| | | | | |
+ + − − − − (
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
(
¸ ¸

= (1 – x)
1/2

2
3
x
8
(

(
¸ ¸
= -
2
3
x
8
.

31. If x =
n n n
n 0 n 0 n 0
a , y b , z c
∞ ∞ ∞
= = =
= =
∑ ∑ ∑
where a, b, c are in A.P. and |a| < 1, |b|<1, |c|< 1,
then x, y, z are in
(1) G.P. (2) A.P.
(3) Arithmetic − Geometric Progression (4) H.P.
31. (4)
x =
n
n 0
1
a
1 a

=
=


a =
1
1
x

y =
n
n 0
1
b
1 b

=
=


b =
1
1
y

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–10–
z =
n
n 0
1
c
1 c

=
=


c =
1
1
z

a, b, c are in A.P.
2b = a + c
1 1 1
2 1 1 1
y x y
| |
− = − + −
|
\ .

2 1 1
y x z
= +
⇒ x, y, z are in H.P.

32. In a triangle ABC, let ∠C =
2
π
. If r is the inradius and R is the circumradius of the the
triangle ABC, then 2 (r + R) equals
(1) b + c (2) a + b
(3) a + b + c (4) c + a
32. (2)
2r + 2R = c +
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2
a b c a b
2ab
a b
a b c a b c
+ + +
= = +
+ + + +
( since c
2
= a
2
+ b
2
).

33. If cos
−1
x − cos
−1

y
2
= α, then 4x
2
− 4xy cos α + y
2
is equal to
(1) 2 sin 2α (2) 4
(3) 4 sin
2
α (4) − 4 sin
2
α
33. (3)
cos
-1
x – cos
-1
y
2
= α

( )
2
1 2
xy y
cos 1 x 1
2 4

| |
| |
| + − − = α
|
|
\ .
\ .


2 2 2 2
1
xy 4 y 4x x y
cos
2

| |
+ − − +
| = α
|
\ .

⇒ 4 – y
2
– 4x
2
+ x
2
y
2
= 4 cos
2
α + x
2
y
2
– 4xy cosα
⇒ 4x
2
+ y
2
– 4xy cosα = 4 sin
2
α.

34. If in a triangle ABC, the altitudes from the vertices A, B, C on opposite sides are in
H.P., then sin A, sin B, sin C are in
(1) G.P. (2) A.P.
(3) Arithmetic − Geometric Progression (4) H.P.
34. (2)
∆ =
1 2 3
1 1 1
p a p b p b
2 2 2
= =
p
1
, p
2
, p
3
are in H.P.

2 2 2
, ,
a b c
∆ ∆ ∆
are in H.P.

1 1 1
, ,
a b c
are in H.P
⇒ a, b, c are in A.P.
⇒ sinA, sinB, sinC are in A.P.
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–11–

35. If I
1
=
2 3
1 1
x x
2
0 0
2 dx, I 2 dx =
∫ ∫
, I
3
=
2 3
2 2
x x
4
1 1
2 dx and I 2 =
∫ ∫
dx then
(1) I
2
> I
1
(2) I
1
> I
2

(3) I
3
= I
4
(4) I
3
> I
4

35. (2)
I
1
=
2
1
x
0
2 dx

, I
2
=
3
1
x
0
2 dx

, I
3
=
2
1
x
0
2 dx

, I
4
=
3
1
x
0
2 dx


∀ 0 < x < 1, x
2
> x
3


2
1
x
0
2 dx

>
3
1
x
0
2 dx


⇒ I
1
> I
2
.

36. The area enclosed between the curve y = log
e
(x + e) and the coordinate axes is
(1) 1 (2) 2
(3) 3 (4) 4
36. (1)
Required area (OAB) = ( )
0
1 e
ln x e dx

+


= ( )
1
0
1
xln x e xdx
x e
(
+ −
(
+
¸ ¸

= 1.

37. The parabolas y
2
= 4x and x
2
= 4y divide the square region bounded by the lines x =
4, y = 4 and the coordinate axes. If S
1
, S
2
, S
3
are respectively the areas of these
parts numbered from top to bottom; then S
1
: S
2
: S
3
is
(1) 1 : 2 : 1 (2) 1 : 2 : 3
(3) 2 : 1 : 2 (4) 1 : 1 : 1
37. (4)
y
2
= 4x and x
2

= 4y are symmetric about line y = x
⇒ area bounded between y
2
= 4x and y = x is
( )
4
0
8
2 x x dx
3
− =



2
s
A =
16
3
and
1 3
s s
A A = =
16
3


1
s
A :
2
s
A :
3
s
A :: 1 : 1 : 1.

38. If x
dy
dx
= y (log y − log x + 1), then the solution of the equation is
(1) y log
x
cx
y
| |
=
|
\ .
(2) x log
y
cy
x
| |
=
|
\ .

(3) log
y
cx
x
| |
=
|
\ .
(4) log
x
cy
y
| |
=
|
\ .

38. (3)

xdy
y
dx
= (log y – log x + 1)

dy y y
log 1
dx x x
| | | |
= +
| |
\ . \ .

Put y = vx
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–12–

dy xdv
v
dx dx
= +
( )
xdv
v v log v 1
dx
⇒ + = +

xdv
vlogv
dx
=

dv dx
vlogv x
⇒ =
put log v = z

1
dv dz
v
=

dz dx
z x
⇒ =
ln z = ln x + ln c
z = cx
log v = cx

y
log cx
x
| |
=
|
\ .
.

39. The line parallel to the x−axis and passing through the intersection of the lines ax +
2by + 3b = 0 and bx − 2ay − 3a = 0, where (a, b) ≠ (0, 0) is
(1) below the x−axis at a distance of
3
2
from it
(2) below the x−axis at a distance of
2
3
from it
(3) above the x−axis at a distance of
3
2
from it
(4) above the x−axis at a distance of
2
3
from it
39. (1)
ax + 2by + 3b + λ(bx – 2ay – 3a) = 0
⇒ (a + bλ)x + (2b – 2aλ)y + 3b - 3λa = 0
a + bλ = 0 ⇒ λ = -a/b
⇒ ax + 2by + 3b -
a
b
(bx – 2ay – 3a) = 0
⇒ ax + 2by + 3b – ax +
2 2
2a 3a
y 0
b b
+ =

2 2
2a 3a
y 2b 3b 0
b b
| |
+ + + =
|
\ .


2 2 2 2
2b 2a 3b 3a
y
b b
| | | | + +
= −
| |
\ . \ .


( )
( )
2 2
2 2
3 a b
3
y
2 2 b a
− +

= =
+


3
y
2
= − so it is 3/2 units below x-axis.
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–13–
40. A spherical iron ball 10 cm in radius is coated with a layer of ice of uniform thickness
than melts at a rate of 50 cm
3
/min. When the thickness of ice is 5 cm, then the rate at
which the thickness of ice decreases, is
(1)
1
36π
cm/min (2)
1
18π
cm/min
(3)
1
54π
cm/min (4)
5

cm/min
40. (2)

dv
50
dt
=
4πr
2

dr
50
dt
=

( )
2
dr 50
dt
4 15
=
π
where r = 15
=
1
16π
.

41.
2
2
(logx 1)
dx
(1 (logx)
¦ ¹ −
´ `
+
¹ )

is equal to
(1)
2
logx
C
(logx) 1
+
+
(2)
2
x
C
x 1
+
+

(3)
x
2
xe
C
1 x
+
+
(4)
2
x
C
(logx) 1
+
+

41. (4)

( )
( )
( )
2
2
2
logx 1
dx
1 logx

+


=
( )
( ) ( )
( )
2 2
2
1 2logx
dx
1 logx
1 logx
(
(

(
+
+ (
¸ ¸


=
( )
t t
2 2
2
e 2t e
dt
1 t
1 t
(
(

(
+
+
¸ ¸

put logx = t ⇒ dx = e
t
dt

( )
t
2 2
2
1 2t
e dt
1 t
1 t
(
(

(
+
+
¸ ¸


=
t
2
e
c
1 t
+
+
=
( )
2
x
c
1 logx
+
+


42. Let f : R → R be a differentiable function having f (2) = 6, f′ (2) =
1
48
| |
|
\ .
. Then
f ( x)
3
x 2
6
4t
lim dt
x 2



equals
(1) 24 (2) 36
(3) 12 (4) 18
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–14–
42. (4)

( ) f x
3
x 2
0
4t
lim dt
x 2




Applying L Hospital rule
( ) ( )
2
x 2
lim 4f x f x

(

¸ ¸
= 4f(2)
3
f′(2)
= 4 × 6
3
×
1
48
= 18.

43. Let f (x) be a non−negative continuous function such that the area bounded by the
curve y = f (x), x−axis and the ordinates x =
4
π
and x = β >
4
π

is sin cos 2
4
π | |
β β + β + β
|
\ .
. Then f
2
π | |
|
\ .
is
(1) 2 1
4
π | |
+ −
|
\ .
(2) 2 1
4
π | |
− +
|
\ .

(3) 1 2
4
π | |
− −
|
\ .
(4) 1 2
4
π | |
− +
|
\ .

43. (4)
Given that ( )
/ 4
f x dx sin cos 2
4
β
π
π
= β β + β + β


Differentiating w. r. t β
f(β) = β cosβ + sinβ -
4
π
sinβ + 2
f 1 sin 2 1 2
2 4 2 4
π π π π | | | |
= − + = − +
| |
\ . \ .
.

44. The locus of a point P (α, β) moving under the condition that the line y = αx + β is a
tangent to the hyperbola
2 2
2 2
x y
1
a b
− = is
(1) an ellipse (2) a circle
(3) a parabola (4) a hyperbola
44. (4)
Tangent to the hyperbola
2 2
2 2
x y
1
a b
− = is
y = mx ±
2 2 2
a m b −
Given that y = αx + β is the tangent of hyperbola
⇒ m = α and a
2
m
2
– b
2
= β
2

∴ a
2
α
2
– b
2
= β
2

Locus is a
2
x
2
– y
2
= b
2
which is hyperbola.

45. If the angle θ between the line
x 1 y 1 z 2
1 2 2
+ − −
= = and the plane 2x − y + λ z + 4 =
0 is such that sin θ =
1
3
the value of λ is
(1)
5
3
(2)
3
5


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–15–
(3)
3
4
(4)
4
3


45. (1)
Angle between line and normal to plane is

2 2 2
cos
2
3 5
π − + λ | |
− θ =
|
× + λ \ .
where θ is angle between line & plane
⇒ sinθ =
2 1
3
3 5
λ
=
+ λ

⇒ λ =
5
3
.

46. The angle between the lines 2x = 3y = − z and 6x = − y = − 4z is
(1) 0
0
(2) 90
0

(3) 45
0
(4) 30
0


46. (2)
Angle between the lines 2x = 3y = - z & 6x = -y = -4z is 90°
Since a
1
a
2
+ b
1
b
2
+ c
1
c
2
= 0.

47. If the plane 2ax − 3ay + 4az + 6 = 0 passes through the midpoint of the line joining
the centres of the spheres
x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
+ 6x − 8y − 2z = 13 and
x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
− 10x + 4y − 2z = 8, then a equals
(1) − 1 (2) 1
(3) − 2 (4) 2
47. (3)
Plane
2ax – 3ay + 4az + 6 = 0 passes through the mid point of the centre of spheres
x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
+ 6x – 8y – 2z = 13 and x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
– 10x + 4y – 2z = 8 respectively
centre of spheres are (-3, 4, 1) & (5, - 2, 1)
Mid point of centre is (1, 1, 1)
Satisfying this in the equation of plane, we get
2a – 3a + 4a + 6 = 0 ⇒ a = -2.

48. The distance between the line
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
r 2i 2j 3k (i j 4k) = − + + λ − +

and the plane
ˆ ˆ ˆ
r (i 5j k) 5 ⋅ + + =

is
(1)
10
9
(2)
10
3 3

(3)
3
10
(4)
10
3

48. (2)
Distance between the line

( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
r 2i 2j 3k i j 4k = − + + λ − +

and the plane
( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ
r i 5j k ⋅ + +

= 5 is
equation of plane is x + 5y + z = 5
∴ Distance of line from this plane
= perpendicular distance of point (2, -2, 3) from the plane
i.e.
2
2 10 3 5 10
3 3
1 5 1
− + −
=
+ +
.

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–16–
49. For any vector a

, the value of
2 2 2
ˆ ˆ ˆ
(a i ) (a j) (a k) × + × + ×

is equal to
(1)
2
3a

(2)
2
a

(3)
2
2a

(4)
2
4a

49. (3)
Let
ˆ ˆ ˆ
a xi yj zk = + +

ˆ ˆ ˆ
a i zj yk × = −


( )
2
2 2
ˆ
a i y z × = +

similarly
( )
2
2 2
ˆ
a j x z × = +

and
( )
2
2 2
ˆ
a k x y × = +


( )
2
2 2
ˆ
a i y z × = +

similarly
( )
2
2 2
ˆ
a j x z × = +

and
( )
2
2 2
ˆ
a k x y × = +


( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
2 2 2
ˆ ˆ ˆ
a i a j a k 2 x y z × + × + × = + +

= 2
2
a

.
50. If non-zero numbers a, b, c are in H.P., then the straight line
x y 1
0
a b c
+ + = always
passes through a fixed point. That point is
(1) (-1, 2) (2) (-1, -2)
(3) (1, -2) (4)
1
1,
2
| |

|
\ .

50. (3)
a, b, c are in H.P.

2 1 1
0
b a c
− − =

x y 1
0
a b c
+ + =

x y 1
1 2 1
⇒ = =
− −
∴ x = 1, y = -2

51. If a vertex of a triangle is (1, 1) and the mid-points of two sides through this vertex
are (-1, 2) and (3, 2), then the centroid of the triangle is
(1)
7
1,
3
| |

|
\ .
(2)
1 7
,
3 3
− | |
|
\ .

(3)
7
1,
3
| |
|
\ .
(4)
1 7
,
3 3
| |
|
\ .

51. (3)
Vertex of triangle is (1, 1) and midpoint of sides
through this vertex is (-1, 2) and (3, 2)
⇒ vertex B and C come out to be
(-3, 3) and (5, 3)
∴ centroid is
1 3 5 1 3 3
,
3 3
− + + +

⇒ (1, 7/3)

A(1, 1)
(-1, 2)
(3, 2)
C B

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–17–

52. If the circles x
2
+ y
2
+ 2ax + cy + a = 0 and x
2
+ y
2
– 3ax + dy – 1 = 0 intersect in two
distinct points P and Q then the line 5x + by – a = 0 passes through P and Q for
(1) exactly one value of a (2) no value of a
(3) infinitely many values of a (4) exactly two values of a
52. (2)
S
1
= x
2
+ y
2
+ 2ax + cy + a = 0
S
2
= x
2
+ y
2
– 3ax + dy – 1 = 0
Equation of radical axis of S
1
and S
2

S
1
– S
2
= 0
⇒ 5ax + (c – d)y + a + 1 = 0
Given that 5x + by – a = 0 passes through P and Q

a c d a 1
1 b a
− +
⇒ = =


⇒ a + 1 = -a
2

a
2
+ a + 1 = 0
No real value of a.

53. A circle touches the x-axis and also touches the circle with centre at (0, 3) and radius
2. The locus of the centre of the circle is
(1) an ellipse (2) a circle
(3) a hyperbola (4) a parabola
53. (4)
Equation of circle with centre (0, 3) and radius 2 is
x
2
+ (y – 3)
2
= 4.
Let locus of the variable circle is (α, β)
∵It touches x-axis.
∴ It equation (x - α)
2
+ (y - β)
2
= β
2

Circles touch externally
∴ ( )
2
2
3 2 α + β − = + β
α
2
+ (β - 3)
2
= β
2
+ 4 + 4β
α
2
= 10(β - 1/2)
∴ Locus is x
2
= 10(y – 1/2) which is parabola.

(α, β)


54. If a circle passes through the point (a, b) and cuts the circle x
2
+ y
2
= p
2
orthogonally,
then the equation of the locus of its centre is
(1) x
2
+ y
2
– 3ax – 4by + (a
2
+ b
2
– p
2
) = 0 (2) 2ax + 2by – (a
2
– b
2
+ p
2
) = 0
(3) x
2
+ y
2
– 2ax – 3by + (a
2
– b
2
– p
2
) = 0 (4) 2ax + 2by – (a
2
+ b
2
+ p
2
) = 0
54. (4)
Let the centre be (α, β)
∵It cut the circle x
2
+ y
2
= p
2
orthogonally
2(-α) × 0 + 2(-β) × 0 = c
1
– p
2

c
1
= p
2

Let equation of circle is x
2
+ y
2
- 2αx - 2βy + p
2
= 0
It pass through (a, b) ⇒ a
2
+ b
2
- 2αa - 2βb + p
2
= 0
Locus ∴ 2ax + 2by – (a
2
+ b
2
+ p
2
) = 0.

55. An ellipse has OB as semi minor axis, F and F′ its focii and the angle FBF′ is a right
angle. Then the eccentricity of the ellipse is
(1)
1
2
(2)
1
2

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–18–
(3)
1
4
(4)
1
3

55. (1)
∵∠FBF′ = 90
o


( ) ( )
2 2
2 2 2 2 2 2
a e b a e b ∴ + + + = (2ae)
2

⇒ 2(a
2
e
2
+ b
2
) = 4a
2
e
2

⇒ e
2
= b
2
/a
2

Also e
2
= 1- b
2
/a
2
= 1 – e
2


B(0, b)
F′(-ae, 0) O F(ae, 0)

2
1
2e 1, e
2
⇒ = = .

56. Let a, b and c be distinct non-negative numbers. If the vectors
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
ai aj ck, i k + + + and
ˆ ˆ ˆ
ci cj bk + + lie in a plane, then c is
(1) the Geometric Mean of a and b (2) the Arithmetic Mean of a and b
(3) equal to zero (4) the Harmonic Mean of a and b
56. (1)
Vector
ˆ ˆ ˆ
ai aj ck + + ,
ˆ ˆ
i k + and
ˆ ˆ ˆ
ci cj bk + + are coplanar

a a c
1 0 1 0
c c b
= ⇒ c
2
= ab
∴ a, b, c are in G.P.

57. If a, b, c

are non-coplanar vectors and λ is a real number then
( )
2
a b b c a b c b
( (
λ + λ λ = +
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸


for
(1) exactly one value of λ (2) no value of λ
(3) exactly three values of λ (4) exactly two values of λ
57. (2)

( )
2
a b b c a b c b
( (
λ + λ λ = +
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸




2
0 1 0 0
0 0 0 1 1
0 0 0 1 0
λ λ
λ =
λ

⇒ λ
4
= -1
Hence no real value of λ.

58. Let ( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ ˆ
a i k, b xi j 1 x k = − = + + −

and ( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ
c yi xj 1 x y k = + + + −

. Then a, b, c
(
¸ ¸

depends on
(1) only y (2) only x
(3) both x and y (4) neither x nor y
58. (4)

ˆ ˆ
a i k = −

, ( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ
b xi j 1 x k = + + −

and ( )
ˆ ˆ ˆ
c yi xj 1 x y k = + + + −

( )
a b c a b c
(
= ⋅ ×
¸ ¸



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ˆ ˆ ˆ
i j k
b c x 1 1 x
y x 1 x y
× = −
+ −

=
ˆ
i (1 + x – x –x
2
) -
ˆ
j (x + x
2
- xy – y + xy) +
ˆ
k (x
2
– y)

( )
a. b c ×

= 1
which does not depend on x and y.

59. Three houses are available in a locality. Three persons apply for the houses. Each
applies for one house without consulting others. The probability that all the three
apply for the same house is
(1)
2
9
(2)
1
9

(3)
8
9
(4)
7
9

59. (2)
For a particular house being selected
Probability =
1
3

Prob(all the persons apply for the same house) =
1 1 1
3
3 3 3
| |
× ×
|
\ .
=
1
9
.

60. A random variable X has Poisson distribution with mean 2. Then P(X > 1.5) equals
(1)
2
2
e
(2) 0
(3)
2
3
1
e
− (4)
2
3
e

60. (3)
P(x = k) =
k
e
k!
−λ
λ

P(x ≥ 2) = 1 – P(x = 0) – P(x = 1)
= 1 – e

– e

1!
| | λ
|
\ .

= 1 -
2
3
e
.

61. Let A and B be two events such that
( )
1
P A B
6
∪ = , ( )
1
P A B
4
∩ = and
( )
1
P A
4
= ,
where A stands for complement of event A. Then events A and B are
(1) equally likely and mutually exclusive
(2) equally likely but not independent
(3) independent but not equally likely
(4) mutually exclusive and independent
61. (3)

( )
1
P A B
6
∪ = , P(A ∩ B) =
1
4
and
( )
1
P A
4
=
⇒ P(A ∪ B) = 5/6 P(A) = 3/4
Also P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A ∩ B)
⇒ P(B) = 5/6 – 3/4 + 1/4 = 1/3
P(A) P(B) = 3/4 – 1/3 = 1/4 = P(A ∩ B)
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–20–
Hence A and B are independent but not equally likely.

62. A lizard, at an initial distance of 21 cm behind an insect, moves from rest with an
acceleration of 2 cm/s
2
and pursues the insect which is crawling uniformly along a
straight line at a speed of 20 cm/s. Then the lizard will catch the insect after
(1) 20 s (2) 1 s
(3) 21 s (4) 24 s
62. (3)

2
1
2t
2
= 21 + 20t
⇒ t = 21.

63. Two points A and B move from rest along a straight line with constant acceleration f
and f

respectively. If A takes m sec. more than B and describes ‘n’ units more than B
in acquiring the same speed then
(1) (f - f′)m
2
= ff′n (2) (f + f′)m
2
= ff′n
(3) ( )
2
1
f f m ff n
2
′ ′ + = (4) ( )
2
1
f f n ff m
2
′ ′ − =
63. (4)
v
2
= 2f(d + n) = 2f′d
v = f′(t) = (m + t)f
eliminate d and m we get
(f′ - f)n =
2
1
ff m
2
′ .

64. A and B are two like parallel forces. A couple of moment H lies in the plane of A and
B and is contained with them. The resultant of A and B after combining is displaced
through a distance
(1)
2H
A B −
(2)
H
A B +

(3)
( )
H
2 A B +
(4)
H
A B −

64. (2)
(A + B) = d = H
d =
H
A B
| |
|
+
\ .
.

65. The resultant R of two forces acting on a particle is at right angles to one of them and
its magnitude is one third of the other force. The ratio of larger force to smaller one is
(1) 2 : 1 (2) 3 : 2
(3) 3 : 2 (4) 3 : 2 2
65. (4)
F′ = 3F cos θ
F = 3F sin θ
⇒ F′ = 2 2 F
F : F′ : : 3 : 2 2 .


3F
F
F′

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–21–
66. The sum of the series
1 1 1
1 .........
4.2! 16.4! 64.6!
+ + + + ad inf. is
(1)
e 1
e

(2)
e 1
e
+

(3)
e 1
2 e

(4)
e 1
2 e
+

66. (4)

x x 2 4 6
e e x x x
1 .......
2 2! 4! 6!

+
= + + + +
putting x = 1/2 we get

e 1
2 e
+
.

67. The value of
2
x
cos x
1 a
π
−π
+

dx, a > 0, is
(1) a π (2)
2
π

(3)
a
π
(4) 2 π
67. (2)

2
2
x
0
cos x
dx cos x dx
2 1 a
π π
−π
π
= =
+
∫ ∫
.

68. The plane x + 2y – z = 4 cuts the sphere x
2
+ y
2
+ z
2
– x + z – 2 = 0 in a circle of
radius
(1) 3 (2) 1
(3) 2 (4) 2
68. (2)
Perpendicular distance of centre
1 1
, 0,
2 2
| |

|
\ .
from x + 2y – 2 = 4

1 1
4
3 2 2
2
6
+ −
=
radius =
5 3
1
2 2
− = .

69. If the pair of lines ax
2
+ 2(a + b)xy + by
2
= 0 lie along diameters of a circle and divide
the circle into four sectors such that the area of one of the sectors is thrice the area
of another sector then
(1) 3a
2
– 10ab + 3b
2
= 0 (2) 3a
2
– 2ab + 3b
2
= 0
(3) 3a
2
+ 10ab + 3b
2
= 0 (4) 3a
2
+ 2ab + 3b
2
= 0
69. (4)

( )
2
2 a b ab
1
a b
+ −
=
+

⇒ (a + b)
2
= 4(a
2
+ b
2
+ ab)
⇒ 3a
2
+ 3b
2
+ 2ab = 0.

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–22–
70. Let x
1
, x
2
, …,x
n
be n observations such that
2
i
x 400 =

and
i
x 80 =

. Then a
possible value of n among the following is
(1) 15 (2) 18
(3) 9 (4) 12
70. (2)

2
2
i i
x x
n n
| |

|
|
\ .
∑ ∑

⇒ n ≥ 16.

71. A particle is projected from a point O with velocity u at an angle of 60
o
with the
horizontal. When it is moving in a direction at right angles to its direction at O, its
velocity then is given by
(1)
u
3
(2)
u
2

(3)
2u
3
(4)
u
3


71. (4)
u cos 60
o
= v cos 30
o

v =
4
3
.


60
o
30
o
30
o


72. If both the roots of the quadratic equation x
2
– 2kx + k
2
+ k – 5 = 0 are less than 5,
then k lies in the interval
(1) (5, 6] (2) (6, ∞)
(3) (-∞, 4) (4) [4, 5]
72. (3)

b
5
2a

<
f(5) > 0
⇒ k∈(-∞, 4).

73. If a
1
, a
2
, a
3
,…, a
n
,… are in G.P., then the determinant

n n 1 n 2
n 3 n 4 n 5
n 6 n 7 n 8
loga loga loga
loga loga loga
loga loga loga
+ +
+ + +
+ + +
∆ = is equal to
(1) 1 (2) 0
(3) 4 (4) 2
73. (2)
C
1
– C
2
, C
2
– C
3

two rows becomes identical
Answer: 0.

74. A real valued function f(x) satisfies the functional equation f(x – y) = f(x) f(y) – f(a – x)
f(a + y) where a is a given constant and f(0) = 1, f(2a – x) is equal to
(1) –f(x) (2) f(x)
(3) f(a) + f(a – x) (4) f(-x)
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–23–
74. (1)
f(a – (x – a)) = f(a) f(x – a) – f(0) f(x)
= -f(x) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2
x 0, y 0, f 0 f 0 f a f a 0 f a 0 ( = = = − ⇒ = ⇒ =
¸ ¸
∵ .

75. If the equation

n n 1
n n 1 1
a x a x ...... a x 0


+ + + = , a
1
≠ 0, n ≥ 2, has a positive root x = α, then the
equation ( )
n 1 n 2
n n 1 1
na x n 1 a x ..... a 0
− −

+ − + + = has a positive root, which is
(1) greater than α (2) smaller than α
(3) greater than or equal to α (4) equal to α
75. (2)
f(0) = 0, f(α) = 0
⇒ f′(k) = 0 for some k∈(0, α).
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