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The Universe

A FIRST DISCOVERY BOOK

^ ^
^ ^

THE UNIVERSE
Created by Gallimard Jeunesse and Jean-Pierre Verdet
Illustrated

by Donald Grant

Ja
FIRST DISCOVERY

A

BOOK

1^
SCHOLASTIC
New York
Toronto

INC. London Auckland Sydney

universe

[any astronomers think that our was created a very, very

long time ago in a gigantic explosion called the Big Bang. Turn the page to see our universe
as
it

exists today.

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Pluto

I
Neptune
1::
III

Saturn

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Here are the nine planets of
the Solar System:

Jupiter

one year for Earth to travel around the Sun. It takes one day or twenty-four hours
It

takes

for Earth to spin around.

J

m
1,13

1

3

It

takes

abduf^ie moritl^of
Eajth.

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tlie

^uoai-oaraYg^ound

"^a

From 1969

to 1972, Americans sent astronauts to explore the surface of the Moon.

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11

The Moon has no

air.

The

surface

is

covered with

high mountains and deep

craters.

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il

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The Moon has no

air.

The

surface

is

covered with

high mountains and deep craters.

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-

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Astronauts traveled on foot and in lunar
rovers (or moon buggies) while on the Moon. They brought back hundreds of pounds of moon rocks.

3

of layers: crust, mantle, outer and inner core.
is

Our

Earth

made up

i

Mars, Venus, and Mercury are rocky.

Mercury looks
the

like
is

Moon, but
hotter.

i3

much

Mars has the deepest
[1

canyon and the highest mountain known in
the solar system.

13

3
3

^1

The Magellan spacecraft found that underneath thick, poisonous clouds, the surface of Venus is marked with volcanoes.

Jupiter

is

It is

the biggest planet. made of gases.

The Voyager I spacecraft discovered
that Jupiter has faint rings.

r r a
Saturn's rings are mostly

chunks of

ice,

1,71

Uranus
it

is

made

of gases that

make

blue-green, while Neptune's

gases make it blue. Neptune has the strongest winds of any planet.

Pluto

is

the smallest planet.

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The Sun The

is

an enormous

ball
light.

of hot gas that produces

spacecraft Ulysses began studying it in 1995.

The Suh^^m burn Rirhillidn^ C;)? ye^rs. The dark spots are cooler areas.

4^-

i: ^:'

m''

The naked eye can see thousands of stars. With binoculars, you can see hundreds of thousands.
With a telescope,
millions!

Look

for the Big

and

Little

handle

star of the Little

The shows Dipper
Dippers.

which way

is

north.

The naked eye can see thousands of stars. With binoculars, you can see hundreds of thousands.
With a telescope,
millions!

I

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1

Galaxies art^|nade ofstars and dust. Galaxies

come

in

ii|M!fc|riifferent

sh^^^

Our galaxy,

a spiral. Our Solar System the Milky is on the inside edge of one of the outer arms you see in this picture!

^^^

Our galaxy

is

one of

billions in the universe.

4 f

Young

stars are

blue-white hot!

At the end of their

lives, stars

so small that

we

swell and then explode. call them "white dwarfs.

Young

stars are

blue-white hot!

1

At the end of their lives, stars swell and then explode. Most become so small that we call them "white dwarfs.

Some space

history:

The dog Laika was
the
first

living

being to orbit the Earth

(November

3,

1957).

Yuri Gagarin, a Russian, was the first human to
travel in

space

(April 12, 1961).

The American Apollo and Russian Soyuz met in space
Ouly 17-19, 1975).

Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins were the crew of Apollo 1 1
,

which went

to the

Moon

(July 20, 1969).

Saturn

V
rocket

Moon

The Hubble
Space Telescope

was

sent into orbit

(April 25, 1990).

American Space
Transportation System (STS)

Russian

Soyuz A-

European Ariane

Titan
Atlas

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h

Titles in the series of

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£
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$
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$11.95

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In this unique introduction to THE UNIVERSE, First Discovery Book, young children can discover

the solar system, follow the life of a star, and stare at the Sun close-up! This fabulous voyage takes children to the Moon,

introduces
to

them

to

each of the planets, and

wonder about
Each
First

the millions of galaxies

them beyond our own.
invites

Discovery Book contains

many brightly
pages. Peel

painted transparent

them back and share

the magic of discovery!

Praise for First Discovery Books:
outstanding science books for the Horn Book Magazine very young. This exciting approach to
. . .

.

.

.

of

its

Each gives a fascinating overview topic, and each makes

.

.

.

nonfiction.
simplicity.

.

.

is

inspiring in

—Boston Globe
Look

its

plastic

imaginative use of see-through pages that change the Parents' Choice pictures.

ISBN D-S1D-'1b212-M

sins

inside the back

cover for other
titles in this series.

7fiD5^D"^b2lE^

SCHOLASTIC

INC.

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