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Adam Abinales1, Emilio Morales2, Ronwaldo Aquino3 Abstract: This paper is presented at the 14th ASEP International Convention held last May 21-22, 2009 in Great Eastern
Hotel and at the 2009 PICE Mid-year Convention in Bacolod Pavilion Resort Hotel, Bacolod City in June 26-27, 2009 and consists of two main parts. First, the long-term plan of action for code development that has been formulated by the ASEP Codes and Standards Committee (CSC) is discussed. The term for members of the committee has been set to three years primarily for continuity. Also, the committee has decided to seek to develop each section of the code (e.g. general requirements (loads and actions), foundations and geo-materials, bridges, steel and metal, structural concrete, wood and masonry, housing, railways and ports and harbor) independently. Second, the series of activities of the committee as part of its ongoing campaign for code development is briefly discussed.
Key words: ASEP, NSCP, CSC, structural engineering, Philippines, code development program
Table 1 Five Editions of the NSCP Edition/ Volume 1st Edition 1st Edition 2nd Edition 3rd Edition 4th Edition Vol. 1 Printing -2nd printing --Year 1972 1977 1982 1987 Title National Structural Code for Buildings National Structural Code for Buildings National Structural Code for Buildings National Structural Code of the Philippines National Structural Code of the Philippines – Vol. 1 (Buildings, Towers, and Other Vertical Structures) National Structural Code of the Philippines – Vol. 1 (Buildings, Towers, and Other Vertical Structures) National Structural Code of the Philippines – Vol. 2 (Roads, Highways, Bridges) National Structural Code of the Philippines – Vol. 1 (Buildings, Towers, and Other Vertical Structures) National Structural Code of the Philippines – Vol. 2 (Roads, Highways, Short Form NSCB1972 NSCB1972 NSCB1982 NSCP1987 NSCP1992
This paper is presented at the 14th ASEP International Convention and consists of two main parts. The second chapter discusses the long-term plan of action for code development that has been formulated by the ASEP Codes and Standards Committee. The third chapter summarizes the presentations and discussions at the various activities of the committee spearheading the updating of the National Structural Code of the Philippines (NSCP). This chapter presents a brief background of the efforts by ASEP and its Codes and Standards Committee in laying out a plan of action for the development and updating of the NSCP. 1.1 History of the NSCP The question might be asked: “Why update the NSCP now?” We could look at the history of the NSCP in Table 1. From Table 1, Five (5) years seems to be the typical time frame between either code updates or code re-printing. NSCP-2001 was actually released in 2002. An update may have been due in 2007, but instead the 2nd printing of the 4th edition Volume 2 was released. The next update due may be in 2010. There have been recent developments in terms of wind loading and earthquake loading in particular, as well as in concrete design and steel design, which have not been captured yet in the most recent NSCP-2001. For example, dynamic wind effects and the use of deterministic MCE (maximum credible earthquake) values instead of the traditional probabilistic procedure are now considered in the latest international codes. There have also been attempts at harmonizing the different codes of different neighboring countries, as well as moving towards performance-based designs. On the contrary, in the Philippine setting MCE values may not be readily available.
4th Edition Vol. 1
1st Edition Vol. 2
5th Edition Vol. 1
1st Edition Vol. 2
ACI 318-83 SEAOC 1988. The subcommittee also aims to include recommendations governing the use of ground improvement procedures. there is the ASCE74-91 which provides guide as to the loads on transmission towers.ASEP (CoChairman) Wood and Masonry: Christopher PT. Meanwhile. There is also the ANSI/EIA/TIA-222 series of documents. F.Chairmen) Structural Concrete: Jorge Genota. This move aims to ensure continuity of the Codes and Standards Committee when the managing director designated is no longer elected in the ASEP Board. Batas Pambansa (BP) No. Due to recent strong typhoons that caused extensive damages in the Philippines. Roy Anthony Luna (CoChairman) Bridges (NSCP v2): Alberto Canete. ACI 318-95.D. Abinales. The latest edition of the NSCP provides very restrictive provisions on the design of up to two-story dwelling and residential houses. including soils. F. Habitat for Community. Winnie-Ann Bulactial (CoChairperson) • • • • • • • 2 . through its board resolution promulgated in June 2007. 2 LONG-TERM PLAN OF ACTION 2. ASCE7-95. FASEP (Chairman). F. George Richard Siton and Ruth Mabilangan (Co-Chairmen) Railways (NSCP v4): Josefina Dilig-Lagmay (Chairperson). F.ASEP (Chairman). Elsewhere. capacities of foundations. The current CSC Executive Committee is composed of the following personalities: • • • • Wilfredo S. Morales. the Joint Australian / New Zealand Standard (AS/NZS) and the Architectural Institute of Japan’s Recommendations for Loads on Buildings (AIJ-RLB). Alan Aban (Co-Chair) Foundations and Geo-Materials: Mark Albert Zarco.D (Chairman). rocks and intermediate materials. with its “G” version released in late 2005. CSC has created the housing sub-committee to formulate the first housing code of the Philippines (NSCP v3) which will cater to the design and construction of affordable shelter and housing structures. F. UBC 1988. many truss-type structures such as antenna and transmission towers and billboards collapsed.Bridges) Table 2 Code Bases of the NSCP NSCP Edition NSCB-1972 NSCB-1982 NSCP-1987 NSCP-1992 NSCP-1997 NSCP-2001 Code Bases UBC 1970 UBC 1978 UBC 1985.ASEP (Chairman). Edwin Matanguihan (Co-Chairman) Housing (NSCP v3): Miriam Lusica-Tamayo . evaluating stability of slopes. F. The scope of the provisions will be expanded to include the treatment of all geomaterials. 220 or the Law on Socialized Housing Projects in the Philippines has failed to address the safety requirements on the design of up to two-story dwelling and residential houses particularly the wind and earthquake loadings. CSC Coordinating Group) 1. Ph.1 Three-year Term for the Codes and Standards Committee Members The ASEP Codes and Standards Committee. Tamayo. Since the update of NSCP-2001. Lopez.ASEP (Overall Chairman. The NSCP nor the ASCE7-95 wind loading provisions do not have very specific guidance on the structural design of antenna towers and transmission towers in particular. F. AISC 9th Ed. etc. determination of allowable The main eleven (11) sub-committees of the CSC and the respective chairman/co-chairman are as follows: • General Requirements (Loads and Actions): Carlos Villaraza (Chairman).2 Code Basis of the NSCP The next question that might be asked is: “What code should we base the NSCP on?” We could look at the history of the code basis of the NSCP in Table 2. AISC-ASD. the ASCE7-95 has had 3 updates.ASEP and Peter Tolentino (Co-Chairmen) Steel and Metal: Anthony Vladimir Pimentel.ASEP (Chairman). ACI 318-89 AASHTO 1992 UBC 1997. including nongovernment organizations like Gawad Kalinga (GK). The CSC through the corresponding sub-committee on foundations and geomaterials intends to expand pertinent provisions in the 2001 NSCP Vol.ASEP (ASEP Past President 2007-2008) Adam C. Romeo Estañero. and the UBC 1997 has been replaced by the IBC which has three (3) versions already and that is talking only about US-based codes. which is targeted specifically for loads on antennas and antenna supporting structures.ASEP (ASEP President 20082009) Christopher PT. and assessing liquefaction potential. for example. may be considered as one of the standing committees of the ASEP where its members will be appointed with a minimum threeyear term.. F. Ph. 1 edition to include recommendations on the scope and methodology to be used in subsurface investigations.ASEP (ASEP Vice-President 2008-2009) Emilio M. Tamayo (Chair). Virgilio Columna. Gilbert Magbutay and Frederick Sison (Co. With the intensive housing program of the national and local governments. This NSCP v3 intends to address these safety issues. have been recently updated with provisions particularly in wind loading that are far more advanced than those in America. F.
2. PAGASA. wind and hazard mapping that will be needed in the update. To update the wind zone map by considering micro-zonation. and to determine from concerned government agencies such as PHIVOLCS. F.ASEP (Co-Chairman) Ports and Harbor (NSCP v5): Eduardo Arrojado. This forum has the following objectives: • • to determine the necessity of upgrading the current code on Loads and Actions provisions. F. It has been likewise primarily decided that the section on Loads and Actions shall be up for updating first.ASEP (Chairman). In wind loading. F.2 Regular Monthly Meeting On the very first meeting of the committee. which is summarized next. However. To include commentary in the proposed update of the section / chapter. [Aquino. 2.4 Independent Updates of NSCP Sections and Corresponding CSC Activities Note that each basis code / document is updated independently of each other. in which this first forum was entitled “ASEP Forum on National Structural Code on Loads and Actions. As such. US-based codes are still the primary codes being considered for compatibility with earlier NSCP editions which have been historically based on US codes. whether to come up with performance-based code.. 1 update. which are checked in Australian and Japanese codes. The Codes and Standards Committee has set a regular meeting held every first week of the month subject to the availability of the committee members (chairman and cochairmen). the group would start on the update of the section/chapter on LOADS AND ACTIONS.. the plans and projects of the CSC for the year 2007-2008 were discussed. Quezon City. the activities of the CSC have generally been geared towards each individual section. as follows: 3 . F. it was made clear to the group that the intent for this year is basically not to update the entire NSCP Vol. The following suggestive points were raised during the discussions as follows: • To rationalize the philosophy of the loads and actions provisions from the respective codes to be used / adopted for the NSCP Vol. In this undertaking.ASEP (Chairman) suggested: • • • • • • • IBC 2003 (general loads. 1 (5th edition). Initially. these include accounting for across-wind loading and checking of windinduced acceleration levels for occupant comfort. wind loads) ANSI/EIA/TIA-222-G-2005 (loads on antennas and antenna supporting structures) AISC-LRFD 3rd Ed. To review the existing wind speed / wind zone map and existing seismic zone map being used in the current code and to involve the respective government agencies to tackle on these data. The following US-based codes have been This is the first of the series of ASEP forum on Structural Codes. 2007 at the PHIVOLCS Auditorium in Diliman. It was then decided that the Codes and Standards Committee shall update each section of the code independently.” Different experts both from within ASEP and from other fields were invited to speak on different topics related to Loads and Actions.• • • Tall Buildings – Ronaldo Ison. comparison of IBC 2006 and IBC 2003 with the current earthquake load provisions of the NSCP. earthquake loads) ASCE 7-05 (general loads. 1 by section/chapter. there are certain items in codes from other countries that are not being considered in US codes. Ronaldo Ison. F.ASEP (Co-Chairman) Standards – Vinci Nicolas Villaseñor. • • 3 1ST ASEP FORUM ON LOADS AND ACTIONS • • • The 1st ASEP Forum on Loads and Actions was held on December 6. and comparison of ASCE 7-02 and TIA/EIA-222-G with the current NSCP wind load provisions were conceived. As such. the very first activity that the committee has organized was the 1st ASEP Forum on Loads and Actions. DENR available data / information about earthquake. AISI 2007 (steel design) ACI 318-2008 (concrete design) AREMA (railways design) The managing director for the Codes and Standards Committee from 2007 to present is Adam Abinales. To expand the earthquake load provisions of the current code with the inclusion of geohazard mapping. To hold a forum/workshop (to be sponsored by ASEP through Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and Codes and Standards (CS) committees) on the proposed update in order to get inputs / ideas from the senior practicing engineers/ specialists of the PICE/ASEP. AISC-ASD 13th Ed. The group would work on the update of the NSCP Vol. As suggested and presented.3 Code Bases for NSCP Update The Codes and Standards Committee since being formed has started to discuss the codes that will be used as bases for the NSCP updates. One activity that the committee has planned to hold regularly is the facilitation of a forum amongst ASEP members with invited experts from outside ASEP to talk about specific sections of the codes. 2005] 2. Virgilio Columna.ASEP (Chairman). earthquake loads) IBC 2006 (general loads.
Engineering Sciences Department. DND-OCD-NDCC.L. 2007 at the PHIVOLCS Auditorium. The following were identified as stakeholders of this momentous undertaking of the CSC: • Government agencies such as DOST-PAGASA. Other matters related to the General Requirements provisions of NSCP. Geotechnical Engineers and Structural Engineers / PICE Members / ASEP Members / Members of the Academe Trade Associations / Manufacturers and Suppliers / Builders and Contractors / Developers / Service • • • • • 4 . 2008 at the PHIVOLCS Auditorium in Diliman. respectively. Floor discussion on the need to consider IBC 2003 or IBC 2006 earthquake provisions in Section 208 of NSCP. in which this forum was entitled “MultiStakeholders Forum on National Structural Codes and Standards. Chairman. local government Building Officials Engineering Consultants / Practicing Civil Engineers. academe and business community were invited to participate and were tapped to be resource persons and members of the following workgroups: • • • • • • • Workgroup on General Requirements (Loads and Actions) as facilitated by Prof. Inc.• B. Chairman. Queano (MGB Geohazard Assessment Team). DOST-PHIVOLCS. Winnie-Ann Bulactial • • • Since the forum.” Different stakeholders within the engineering and construction industry and from the government.A. Floor discussion on the need of integrating the provisions of TIA/EIA with regards to analysis and design of vertical tower structures in Section 207 of NSCP. Richard George Siton Workgroup on Railways (NSCP v4) as reported by Engr.H. and to establish milestones and road maps • • • Among the issues discussed during the forum are: • The Codes and Standards Committee may consider the suggestion that a follow-up consultation meeting with engineers from leading consulting firms be conducted with regards to the update of the earthquake and wind load provisions of the NSCP based on the IBC2003 or 2006 and ASCE705. Floor discussion on PAGASA presentation regarding the need to consider increase of the wind zoning of the Philippines based on statistical data of wind speed over Philippine area of responsibility. DPWH. DENR-EMB. UP Diliman. PICE National Committee on DMAPS and DQRP). This is the second of the series of ASEP forum on Codes and Standards. Philippines” K. Quezon City.M. This forum has the following objectives: • • to assess the current status of NSCP in relation with prevailing international codes. Discuss next plans and actions based on the presentation of resource persons regarding the wind and earthquake loadings to be integrated in the proposed revisions of the specific wind and earthquake provisions of NSCP. to solicit commitment from various stakeholders to participate in the committee workgroups of CSC. Typhoon Engineering. on “Wind Meteorology” 4 1ST MULTI-STAKEHOLDERS FORUM ON NATIONAL STRUCTURAL CODES AND STANDARDS • Initially. Ignacio Ulpiano Workgroup on Steel and Metal as reported by Engr. on “National Geohazard Mapping and Assessment Program of the Mines and Geosciences BureauDepartment of Environment and Natural Resources (MGB-DENR)” E. DOTC. Civil Engineering Department. Vibrametrics. UP Diliman). Anthony Vladimir Pimentel Workgroup on Structural Concrete as reported by Engr. Arwin Salih Workgroup on Housing (NSCP v3) as reported by Engr. the following had been up on the committee’s agenda: • Conduct follow-up discussion after the ASEP Forum on Structural Codes on Loads and Actions held last December 6. PAGASA). Mark Zarco Workgroup on Bridges (NSCP v2) as reported by Engr. and Wind Speed Maps” M. Bureau of Forestry/UPLB. the 1st Multi-Stakeholders Forum on National Structural Codes and Standards was held on August 22. Outline specific provisions of the IBC 2003/2006 and ASCE7-05 that will be adapted to be incorporated in the NSCP update of Sections 207 and 208.. Jorge Genota Workgroup on Foundation and Geo-Materials as reported by Dr. on “Disaster Mitigation and Preparedness. as CSC members has further deliberated on the update of the NSCP to consider the whole publication and expand its publication to include housing and railways. Juanillo (Supervising Weather Specialist. Pacheco (Chairman. Zarco (Chairman. HLURB. on “Failure Mechanism of the 17 February 2006 Guinsaugon RockslideDebris Avalanche.L.
the workgroup committee chairpersons of the Codes and Standards Committee and the ASEP Board of Directors and Officers of fiscal years 2007-2008 led by Christopher PT. Towers and Other Vertical Structures NSCP Vol. Ramil Crisolo Engineering Equipment Incorporated represented by Mr. Tricore Solutions.com or aaeplusc@yahoo. the ASEP-Codes and Standards Committee through its ways and means sub-committee held its first ever Sponsors’ Night in March 13. and Discussion on the timetable for the NSCP update The event was highlighted with the presentation of these sponsors after a sumptuous dinner cocktail catered by Le Soufflé.000. 2 – Roads. the stakeholders who attended and participated in the 1st Multi-Stakeholders Forum on National Structural Codes and Standards. seamless integration strategies. represented by Mr. Adam Abinales made a brief presentation on “Why Update NSCP Now?” in order to explain to the sponsors the main purpose of the noble undertaking to which they are supporting financially while Engr. This successful two-day workshop was facilitated by Engr. PICE. is the Managing Principal of Adam Abinales Engineering & Consultancy and accredited civil-structural engineer/consultant of Smart Communications. Emil Morales discussed on “Why the Sponsors’ Night?” to explain to the sponsors the objectives of the occasion that night. • 7 CONCLUSION • The ASEP Codes and Standards Committee have seriously started to re-convene and there are plans that have been laid out within the three-year term (2007-2010) of the current members of the committee. Highways and Bridges NSCP Vol. Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company. 4 in the first quarter of the coming year 2010. He is presently a member of the Faculty of the Department of Civil Engineering in Mapua Institute of Technology. F. Each sub-committee submitted potential sponsors to be tapped to be partners in the noble undertaking of NSCP update. We should expect at least an update of the National Structural Code of the Philippines before the end of the current year 2009. Engr. 2009 at the Retreat House of CBCP Training Center in Tagaytay City. potential interfacing problems and detailed proposed changes in the entire NSCP.Providers (end users) • • • 5 CODES AND STANDARDS COMMITTEE PLANNING WORKSHOP Pozzolanic Philippines. Discussion on the interfacing of the related subcommittees.. At the end of the second day. Al Supetran The CSC Coordinating Group members held its planning workshop in January 30-31. E-mail: email@example.com pledge and sponsorship of the following donors: • • • • • • Unitan Construction represented by Mr. Emil Morales presented a briefing on “Where Are We Now?” and discussed the expected outcome of the two-day planning workshop which was successfully achieved by the coordinating group. Ericsson Communications. the sub-committee on Railways vows to release its NSCP Vol. 3 – Housing • On the second day of the workshop. Inc. This momentous event was made successful with the generous P100. Engr. Inc. 2009 at the Rockwell Club Center in Makati City. Tony Pascua PGATech represented by Mr. ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank the participants and speakers at the 1st ASEP Forum on Loads and Actions.ASEP. Ely Dee Hilti represented by Mr. Tim Schroeder ACS Chemicals represented by Mr. crossreferencing issues of relevant code features. Neil Tan Deecon represented by Ms. Inc. the generous sponsors which supported and are continuously supporting this noble task of updating the NSCP. He is currently the Vice-President and Managing Director of Codes and Standards Committee of ASEP and a member of the PICE-ASEP Disaster Quick Response Program (DQRP). Emil Morales and the following activities were done: • Progress reports of each sub-committee were presented which include the general strategies on the proposed changes that will form part of the NSCP update. Digitel Mobile Philippines. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Adam C. Bayan Telecommunications. content and distribution However.com. CSC has discussed and subsequently resolved the following issues regarding the final outcome of the NSCP publication: • • The timeline for the release of the updated NSCP publication How to improve the current NSCP publication as to its format. 6 SPONSORS’ NIGHT In order to defray the cost of updating and publishing the NSCP volumes set to be released late this year 2009. SMEC Philippines. CSC has set the release of the following volumes late this year 2009: • • • NSCP Vol. Tamayo and 2008-2009 led by Wilfredo Lopez. Mark Morales First Philippine Balfuor represented by Mr. Tito Fernandez (EEI) 5 . 1 – Buildings. Abinales.
Morales. R. Tokyo Polytechnic University. (1987). Volume 2 – Roads. He is currently a member of the Codes and Standards Committee of ASEP wherein he is a resource person in the sub-committee for General Requirements (Loads and Actions).aquino@arup. (1982). ASEP. and Bridges. Highways.com or ronjie@gmail. and Bridges. REFERENCES Aquino. National Structural Code of the Philippines. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. ASEP.Emilio M. 1st Edition. 6 .E. Towers. Highways. 1st Edition. is the President of EM2 and Partners and PGA Tech. MSCE. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. 1st Edition. National Structural Code of the Philippines. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. Volume 1 – Buildings. 4th Edition. Ronwaldo Aquino. 1st Edition. ASEP. (1992). Philippine Wind Information for Engineering. National Structural Code for Buildings. National Structural Code for Buildings. Research. National Structural Code of the Philippines. He is also a member of the PICE National Committee on Disaster Mitigation and Preparedness Strategies (PICE DMAPS). (1977). F. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. Atsugi. (1972). M.ASEP. M.com. and Mitigation. E-mail: ronwaldo. (1997). National Structural Code of the Philippines. (2007). He is the Overall Chairman of the Codes and Standards Committee Coordinating Group and concurrently the Chairman of PICE National Geotechnical Engineering Division and was a former Senior Lecturer at the Graduate Division. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. ASEP.com. ASEP. 2nd printing.ASEP. 2nd Edition. Japan. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. is a structural engineer at Ove Arup and Partners Hong Kong Ltd. Volume 1 – Buildings. 2nd Printing. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines. School of Civil Engineering.PICE. 5th Edition. Diliman in Quezon City. Association of Structural Engineers of the Philippines.R. Towers. (Philippines Branch). ASEP. E-mail: emmorales07@gmail. Volume 2 – Roads. PA. National Structural Code for Buildings. National Structural Code of the Philippines. He has a Master of Science in Civil Engineering major in Geotechnics and Structures which he obtained at Carnegie Mellon University in Piitsburgh. (2001). and Other Vertical Structures. University of the Philippines. 3rd Edition. ASEP. and Other Vertical Structures. ASEP. PICE. (2005).
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