# CHARPY TEST

1. 2. 3. 4. INTRODUCTION CHARPY V TEST OTHER TESTS STANDARDS

1. INTRODUCTION
The Charpy test is the test to determine the resistance of a material against shocks. The test temperature is very important because the resistance does decrease with decreasing temperature. The temperature at which the resistance suddenly drops to a lower value, the shifting from ductile to brittle fracture, is called the transition temperature. For the designer, it is important to know where the transition temperature is located. As a matter of fact, operating below this temperature will increase very much the risk for fracture.

2. CHARPY TEST
The test consists of breaking by one blow from a swinging pendulum, under conditions defined by standards, a test piece notched in the middle and supported at each end. The energy absorbed is determined in joules. This absorbed energy is a measure of the impact strength of a material. The test bar, notched in the center, is located on two supports. The hammer will fracture the test bar and the absorpted energy (in Joule) is an indication for the resistance of the material to shock loads. There are 2 types of Charpy tests: · · U-notch, called Charpy U V-notch, called Charpy V.

Ir G.D HENDERIEC KX

GIETECH BV

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Energy of the hammer must be 300 J +/.10 J.D HENDERIEC KX GIETECH BV 2 .0.1 ° 3 0 ° +/.0 m / s.The speed of the hammer at impact is 5 to 5. The dimensions are given in the following figure: 1 : 7 : 8 : 9 : 10: 11: 12: length of test bar anvil gap 40 +0.2 / 0. built before 1983.5 m / s.5 / 0.0 mm 1 + 0.5 / 0.1 ° draft angle hammer radius of hammer 2 + 0.0 mm radius of anvil anvil draft 11 ° +/. this can be 4.5 to 7. For test equipment.1 ° Ir G.0 mm thickness of hammer 18 mm Angle between anvil and test bar support must be 90 ° +/.

The dimensions of the test bar (according to EN 10045) are indicated in the table below.0.2 ° +/.0.0.0.D HENDERIEC KX GIETECH BV 3 . No 1 2 3 Item Length Heigth Width: normal Width: small Width: smaller Rest thickness Notch angle Notch radius Center notch to anvil Angle notch to bar Angle bar planes 55 mm 10 mm 10 mm Charpy U +/.0.0.0.11 +/.0.5 mm 5.0.60 +/.07 +/.0.11 +/.025 +/.09 +/.0.5 mm 90 ° 90 ° +/.06 +/.25 mm 27.0.5 mm 90 ° 90 ° +/.11 Charpy V 55 mm 10 mm 10 mm 7.2 ° Ir G.11 +/.06 +/.2 ° +/.2 ° +/.0.06 +/.42 +/.0.2 ° 4 5 6 5 mm 1 mm 27.60 +/.42 +/.0 mm 8 mm 45 ° 0.

Charpy V.5 = 83 J Energy capacity equipment 100 J. If the test bar is not fractured. If the temperature is indicated. this must be indicated in the report: no fracture . quer) nominal capacity of test equipment test bar temperature result in J. at 23 °C +/. Charpy U. test result 83 J Ir G.The test is performed. If the temperature is different from room temperature (23 °C). This is done by: · at least 10 min in a liquid environment · at least 30 min in a gaseous environment. the tolerance is +/. if not indicated.5 °C. indicating KV (Charpy V) or KU (Charpy U).D HENDERIEC KX GIETECH BV 4 . The test must be performed within 5 s (seconds) after the test bar has been removed from the (cooling or heating) environment. the test bar must be homogenously (all over the material section) at the indicated temperature.5 mm KV 100/5 = 83 J (alternative 5 mm). test bar width 7. Designation of result: KV = 121 J Energy capacity equipment 300 J.2 °C. The test report must contain: · · · · · · · standard type of test bar (form and dimensions) test bar identification test bar location (especially for forgings: longitudinal. 65 J test result KU 150 = 65 J KU 100 = 65 J KV 100/7. 121 J test result Energy capacity equipment 150 J (alternative 100 J).

OTHER TESTS The dimensions and tolerances are (indicative) indicated on next page. Ir G.3.D HENDERIEC KX GIETECH BV 5 .

25 1 1 4 0.D HENDERIECKX GIET ECH BV 6 .75 0.1 2 0. Length mm ISO-V test ISO-U test DVM test DVMF test DVMK test Special Mesnager IZOD ISO-V ISO-U DVM DVMF DVMK KLST 55 55 55 55 44 27 55 > 75 Width mm 10 10 10 8 6 3 10 10 Heigth mm 10 10 10 10 6 4 10 10 Notch mm 2 5 3 2 2 1 2 2 Section mm2 80 50 70 48 24 9 80 80 Notch radius mm 0.DIMENSION OF SHOCK TESTS Name Design.25 Notch angle ° 45 Opening anvil mm 40 40 40 40 30 22 40 60 45 Ir G.

D HENDERIEC KX GIETECH BV 7 . Part 1 Test method EN 10045 Metallic materials. Part 2 Test equipment EU 7-55 DIN 50115 /02.part 4-1972 Test equipment JIS Z 2242 Test method JIS Z 2202 Impact test Ir G. Charpy impact test. STANDARDS EN 10045 Metallic materials.4.75 Test DIN 51306-1983 Test equipment ISO 83-1976 for Charpy U ISO 148 for Charpy V ISO 442-1965 Test equipment NF A 03-508-1985 Test equipment BS 131. Charpy impact test.