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by Design format) A One-Day Learning Plan AGUINALDO, Carrie Ann B. PERIDO, Angel G.
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Time Frame: 40 – 60 minutes Introduction to Electric Circuits Program Standard/Established Goal The learner demonstrates understanding of basic concepts and processes in Physics deepened by other disciplines to analyze/solve problems critically, think innovatively/creatively, and make informed decisions in order to protect the environment, conserve resources and sustain quality life. STAGE 1 – DESIRED RESULTS Content Standards: Performance Standards: The learner demonstrates understandings on The learners will translate schematic the principles of electric circuits and the diagrams of circuits to an actual circuit. necessary conditions for a circuit to work. ESSENTIAL Enduring Understandings: Essential Question: A properly assembled circuit must have at least How can a circuit be classified as properly a load, a source, and connecting wires.For a assembled? What does an electric circuit circuit to properly function, it must be require to function properly? When do closed.Electrical circuits require a complete charges flow? loop or path through which an electrical current passes. Related Misconceptions Energy is lost rather than conserved. Energy exists only when it is visible Electric current is a flow of energy. Batteries store charge or batteries have electricity inside them. When a circuit is closed, there will be no electricity. If wires are connected to a battery or bulb, a complete circuit is made.
KEY KNOWLEDGE and SKILLS Students will know: Students will be able to: Voltage, current and resistance Define and discuss voltage, current and resistance When do charges flow Define short, closed and open circuit Short, Closed and open circuit Draw electrical symbols The different electrical symbols and schematic diagrams Translate schematic diagrams to an actual circuit The necessary conditions for a circuit to function properly and be considered properly assembled
Application It has been your practice to use the desk lamp when you are reviewing your exam. in what ways would you do to help the community starting in your home? Self-knowledge Explain why it is necessary to understand the principles of electric circuit and the necessary conditions for a circuit to work.STAGE 2: ASSESSMENT EVIDENCE Product/Performance Task Level of Understanding Level of Performance Performance Assessment of Explanation Manifestation of understanding the manifestation of of electric circuit connection understanding of electric circuit Describe how an electric through translating schematic connection through creation of circuit will properly function. Perspective How can you help the community using your knowledge in electric circuits? Empathy Suppose you are very much concern with your community. Interpretation Interpreting given schematic diagrams and translating it to actual circuit connections. the lamp failed to light. Cite and explain possible causes. STAGE 3 : LEARNING PLAN Learning Activities I. diagrams to an actual circuit. One day. Explore Teacher‟s Activity A. Routine Students‟ Activity schematic circuit diagrams based on the following criteria: Clear drawing of schematic diagrams Comprehensiveness Accuracy . in the middle of your study session.
B. Appliances are parts of huge electrical circuits. let‟s have the first diagram. go back to your proper seats. let us first have a brief review of the concepts we have studied last time. Recall I will show you several electric field lines patterns. Is this correct or incorrect? Very good! Let‟s have the second one. (prayer) Good morning class! Please sit down. And tell me whether the patterns are correct or not. Do you understand? So. (name of student). have you ever wondered how your appliances at home work? How is electricity able to power your appliances? Good morning.Class. And I will ask one student to explain. But before that. please lead the prayer. That‟s right! So in our houses. Just say “correct” if it is correct and “incorrect” if it is not. you are going to learn something about electric circuit connections. Yes. Arrange your chairs and kindly pick up the pieces of clutter under your chairs. we have electrical circuits. Today. So class. ma‟am! Electricity coming from generators (Meralco) flows through electrical wirings and into the appliances. That‟s correct! . ma‟am.
_______? Very well explained. Let‟s have the fourth one. What can you say in this diagram. And now for the last diagram. Correct! How about this. Very good.How about this. It is incorrect because positive charge produces outward electric field lines. Is this correct or incorrect? Why is it so? Yes. ________? That is incorrect! Negative charge should have an inward electric field lines. That‟s incorrect. class? Excellent! Here‟s the third one. class! It seemed that you are all ready to go to our next topic which I have mentioned a while ago – Electric circuits! . is this correct or incorrect? Why is it incorrect. ______? Incorrect! The diagram is incorrect because a symmetric sphere charge should produce symmetrically positioned electric field lines. ma‟am. is this correct? Why do you say so? Yes. class.
but it's also important for your entire community. computers. So. stereos. Not only it is important for you to save electricity. it would really help the fight against global warming. be sure to unplug these same machines because they have stand-by functions that consume electricity even when they are turned off. let us define them one by one. radios. Resistance is a measure of the degree to which an object opposes an electric current through it. you have the power to reduce electricity demand. So. you can cut the amount of resources. video games. is the difference in electric potential between two points. Here are some simple but very useful tips to save electricity in your own home: Be sure to turn off lights when you leave a room. If all the homes and businesses in your community worked together to save electricity. I will turn off the lights if they are not needed. measured in volts. Meaning Making Lesson Proper Congratulations to the winners. Motivation Lets have a short game to test your thinking skills. ______? That‟s right. The title of our activity is “What’s the word? That’s the word!” (see attachment) II. Voltage. Make use of daylight hours and do not turn on lights and lamps.C. and when you reduce demand. You will receive your prize after class. We have here some of the different circuit components you have revealed in our previous game. how can you save electricity for you tohelp the community? Yes. Right in your own home. and DVD players).otherwise known as electric potential difference. Turn off machines when you leave a room (examples include TV‟s. When you go away on a trip. .
and observe. Observe what happens to the light. Never disassemble a battery. And so as with the other materials. what happens to the light bulb on the first . ensure that the force of cutting is directed away from your body and other personnel. We will have a short activity (see attachment). ma‟am. time‟s up! So. observe what happens to the light bulb. Also avoid placing batteries in water. It is entitled as “Thinking Scientifically: Is That Circuit Really Closed?” Projected on the screen are the materials that you are going to use. repeat the first step. close the circuit by connecting the ends of the two stripped wire to the terminals to the light bulb and to the terminals of the battery.Current is a flow of electric charge through a medium. ma‟am. as the materials inside may be toxic and may damage your skin and clothes. So here is the procedure. Then. First. Then. (activity) Ok. as this may cause the battery to fail. it will cause the battery to rupture. Lastly. Do not put the battery in fire. but this time connect another wire to the terminals of the battery. here are some safety precautions you all need to follow. open the circuit by removing one end of the wire from one terminal of the dry cell of the battery. class. Do you have any questions? Yes. But before I explain the procedure. When stripping the wire. The class will be divided into two groups. This activity is good for only 10 minutes. Is everything clear? Ok. Any questions? None.
So. From that. the connecting wire is not connected properly. endless path for the charges to flow freely. base on your observations. . Yes. Correct. ______? Correct. Thus. A short circuit exists A short circuit is when electric current got diverted to an unintended path instead of flowing to the bulb.) For the third set up. An electric current will flow through a closed circuit. So. how do you define an open circuit? An open circuit does not have a complete connection. and that circuit is shorted. _____? Good.) What about on the second set up? What happens to the light bulb? Yes. it made the connection a complete path for the electric current to flow through. the light went out as we connected another wire to the batteries. the electric current stopped flowing. ______? A closed circuit contains a complete loop or path through which an electric current passes.set up? Yes. ______? Why do you think so? On the second set up. how do you define a closed circuit? Yes. May be. By closing the circuit. please define short circuit. base on the activity. It went out because we disconnected one wire from the terminal of the battery. Can you explain more? The light bulb lighted. what happens to the light when you connect an excess wire to the terminals of the battery? Yes. an electric current will flow through a closed or open circuit? Very good. ______? Given the third set up. the light went out. (Slide: A short circuit is an accidental path of low resistance which passes an abnormally high amount of current. Very good! (Slide: A closed circuit provides an uninterrupted. Very good observation. Base on your answer. (Slide: An open circuit is a circuit in which the normal path of current has been interrupted.
I will only give you 5 minutes for this part. In this activity. each group will receive the necessary materials. After the activity. Then assemble also those circuits you did not choose.) Do you understand? Do you have any clarifications? II. (slideshow of symbols of circuit components and their actual illustrations) So for you to understand how a circuit works with its parts. one representative from each group will discuss their answer. Each group will be given the necessary materials for this activity. (The teacher will present the materials to the class) You can set up first the circuits which your group believes to be properly assembled. Activity Proper Now you are already refreshed with the key parts of an electric circuit as well as their electric symbols which will be very important for today‟s lesson. Select and discuss circuit diagrams given to you which your group believes to be properly assembled. The class will be divided into two groups. Close each circuit and observe what happens. Then answer the „predictions part‟. You will be given only 5 minutes to assemble all the circuit diagrams assigned to . I will first give the circuit diagrams assigned to each group. After 5 minutes. ma‟am. Projected on the screen are the symbols of circuit components as well as their actual illustrations. Each will also have a manila paper where you are to write your predictions and observations. Firm – Up A. Close each circuit and observe what happens. (see attachment) None. we will have another activity. These are the materials you will use.whenever the resistance of a circuit or the resistance of a part of a circuit drops in value to almost zero ohms. you will assess your thinking skills in connections and connecting circuit components based on diagrams.
You may now start. you may also start answering the observations part. You only have 2 minutes remaining. ma‟am! Yes. time‟s up! Kindly go back to your proper seats. Group 1: Our group believes thatonly the first circuit connection is properly assembled. I will only give you 5 minutes in completing the table. If you are already through in assembling the circuits. Is everything clear? So. After the given time. Okay.your group. All groups. Start writing your observations on the manila paper. Let‟s hear from the representative of each group. you are to write your observations on the manila paper. post your manila paper in front. ma‟am! Here are each group‟s circuit diagrams and manila paper. Remember. you only have 5 minutes to assemble the circuits. Do you have any questions? 2 minutes had passed. (Representatives will explain their work) Let‟s start with group 1. You may now start answering the predictions part. Arrange the chairs. Thank you ma‟am! 5 minutes had already passed. Here are the materials. (explanation) Group 2: . can we start the activity? Yes.
DEEPEN Discussion Synthesis and Generalization So. based on the activity you performed a while ago. And it must be closed if it has a switch. For a circuit to properly function. III. group 2… Our group believes that only the first and the second circuit connections are properly assembled. TRANSFER Application Integration of Technology . if the bulb lighted. it must be closed. So based on that argument. Maybe the wires are very long. how can you say that a circuit is properly assembled or not? Very good! So. it is not properly assembled. (explanation) There are many reasons for that. and connecting wires. then it is properly assembled. how can you say that a circuit is properly assembled or not? Like for example in the previous activity we did. what should be the minimum components of an electric circuit for it to work? From the activity we performed.Very good! And now. and wires to connect the first two. a source. a circuit is properly assembled if all the bulbs light. very well explained. the other bulb did not light while the other did? Given that circuit. or maybe the set ups are not perfect. IV. (explanation) Thank you representatives. What else? Excellent! A properly assembled circuit must have at least a load. But how can you explain the circuit diagram which has two light bulbs. An electric circuit must have at least a source of energy. a load. and after assembling it.
physicsphenomena. class! Goodbye.Let‟s see if you really understand our topic for today. Books.physicsclassroom. Software.org http://www.thinkquest.wikipedia.) Grob‟s Basic Electronics : 7th edition by Bernard Grob.com/Physicsdictionary. ma‟am! Resources (Web Sites. Answer the following questions: (see slide show) (see attachment) Can someone give a summary of what you have learned today? Do you have any questions or clarifications? If none.org/06aug/ 00442/communityelectricity.com www. Freedman. then I‟ll see you next meeting. This will also as a refresh for your mind.htmhttp://library.htm (student gives the summary of the lesson) . Schultz University Physics : 11th edition by Hugh D. Goobye. etc. Mitchel E. Roger A. Lewis Ford http://www. Please get a ½-sheet of yellow paper. Young.
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