You are on page 1of 8

Member login

home > can > physical-layer Last modified: 2007-01-

ISO 11898-3 defines data rates up to 125 kbit/s with the maximum
bus length depending on the data rate used and the busload. Up to
32 nodes per network are specified. The common mode voltage
ranges between -2 V and +7 V. The power supply is defined at 5 V.
Transceiver chips, which support this standard, are available from
several companies. The fault-tolerant transceivers support the
complete error management including the detection of bus errors
and automatic switching to asymmetrical signal transmission.

SAE J2411 single wire

The single-wire standard SAE J2411 is also for CAN network

applications with low requirements regarding bit rate and bus
length. The communication takes place via just one bus line with a
nominal data rate of 33,3 kbit/s (83,3 kbit/s in high-speed mode for
diagnostics). The standard defines up to 32 nodes per network. The
main application area of this standard is in comfort electronics
networks in motor vehicles.
An unshielded single wire is defined as the bus medium. A linear
bus topology structure is not necessary. The standard includes
selective node sleep capability, which allows regular communication
to take place among several nodes while others are left in a sleep
state. Transceivers for this standard are available, too.

ISO 11992 point-to-point

An additional approach to using CAN low-speed networks with

fault-tolerant functionality is specified in the ISO 11992 standard. It
defines a point-to-point connection for use in e.g. towing vehicles
and their trailers. For one vehicle with one trailer, a point-to-point
connection is defined. For one vehicle with two trailers, a daisy-
chain connection is defined. The nominal data rate is 125 kbit/s with
a maximum bus line length of 40 m. The standard defines the bus
error management and the supply voltage (12 V or 24 V). An
unshielded twisted pair of wires is defined as the bus medium.


Not standardized are fiber-optical transmissions of CAN signals.

Due to the directed coupling into the optical media, the transmitting
and receiving lines must be provided separately. Also, each
receiving line must be externally coupled with each transmitting line
in order to ensure bit monitoring. A star coupler can implement this.
The use of a passive star coupler is possible with a small number of
nodes, thus this kind of network is limited in size. The extension of
a CAN network with optical media is limited by the light power, the
power attenuation along the line and the star coupler rather than
the signal propagation as in electrical lines.
Advantages of optical media are emission- and immission-free
transmission and complete galvanic decoupling. The electrically
© 2001 - 2006 CAN in Automation (CiA). All rights reserved.
Privacy Policy · Terms of Service · Imprint · Media partners
Controller Area Network (CAN)

CAN, an overview
CAN protocol
Physical layer
Mediadata CAN Product Guide
Higher layer protocols
CAN Product Guide

Passenger cars
Trucks and buses
Off-highway and off-road vehicles
Passenger and cargo trains
Maritime electronics
Aircraft and aerospace electronics
Factory automation
Industrial machine control
Lifts and escalators
Building automation
Medical equipment and devices
Non-industrial control
Non-industrial equipment
Physical layer

Bit encoding
Bit timing and synchronization
Interdependency data rate and bus length
Physical media
Network topology
Bus access
Physical layer standards
Physical layer standards

ISO 11898-2 (high-speed)

ISO 11898-3 (fault-tolerant)
SAE J2411 (single-wire)
ISO 11992 (point-to-point)
Higher layer protocols

CAN Kingdom
CAN Product Guide

CAN Product Guide

Mediadata CAN Product Guide


CANopen, an overview
CANopen applications
CANopen protocol
CANopen safety chip
CANopen conformance test
CANopen device and application profiles
CANopen Lift
CANopen Rail Vehicles
CANopen Product Guide
CANopen protocol

Bit timing
Device model
Process data object
Service data object
Emergency messages
Synchronization messages
Time stamp
Error control
Network management
CANopen conformance test

Conformance test suite

Conformance device certification
CANopen device and application profiles

CiA 401 I/O modules

CiA 402 Electric drives
CiA 404 Transducer
CiA 405 Programmable logic controllers
CiA 406 Encoders
CiA 408 Proportional valves and hydraulic transmission
CiA 410 Inclinometers
CiA 412 X-ray collimators
CiA 413 Truck gateways
CiA 414 Yarn-feeding units/canopen/profile/cia414.html/
CiA 415 Road construction machinery
CiA 416 Door control
CiA 417 Lift control systems
CiA 418 Battery modules
CiA 419 Battery chargers
CiA 420 Extruder downstream devices
CiA 422 Municipal vehicles
CiA 425 Medical diagnostic add-on modules
CANopen Product Guide

CANopen Product Guide

Mediadata CANopen Product Guide


CANKingdom, an overview
CANKingdom applications


DeviceNet, an overview
DeviceNet applications
Developer's guide


J1939-based higher layer protocols

J1939-based applications
J1939 Product Guide
J1939-based higher layer protocols

SAE J1939 set of profiles

ISO 11992 truck/trailer interface
ISO 11783 set of profiles
NMEA 2000 profile
J1939 Product Guide

J1939 Product Guide

Mediadata J1939 Product Guide


Training schedule
CAN Newsletter
CANopen Product Guide
Product Guides (CANopen, J1939, CAN) mediadata
CANopen conformance testing
CAN Newsletter

CAN Newsletter, content

CAN Newsletter, advertising

CiA brochures
CiA specifications
iCC proceedings
Literature order form
CANopen conformance testing

Conformance test
Vendor ID
Product directory

Directory, an overview
CAN Product Guide
J1939 Product Guide
CANopen Product Guide
CAN controller chips (members only)
CAN high-speed transceiver chips (members only)
CAN fault-tolerant transceiver chips (members only)
CAN Product Guide

CAN Product Guide

Mediadata CAN Product Guide
J1939 Product Guide

J1939 Product Guide

Mediadata J1939 Product Guide
CANopen Product Guide

CANopen Product Guide

Mediadata CANopen Product Guide

CiA (CAN in Automation)

About CiA
CiA membership benefits
CiA membership application
CiA meetings
CiA groups
CiA marketing circulars
Fairs and conferences
Member companies
About CiA

About CiA
General assembly
CiA advanced technology services
CiA operation structure
CiA rules

CiA specifications
CiA technical circular
Other specifications
Order forms


Press releases and articles