Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire™ 2.

0 DataDoctor™ Help Topic Collection

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Parametric Technology Corporation

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GB2366639B 13-October-2004 GB2363208 25-August-2004 (EP/DE/GB)0812447 26-May-2004 GB2365567 10-March-2004 (GB)2388003B 21-January-2004 6,665,569 B1 16-December-2003 GB2353115 10-December-2003 GB2353376 05-November-2003 GB2354686 15-October-2003 6,545,671 B1 08-April-2003 GB2354685B 18-June-2003 GB2354683B 04-June-2003 6,608,623 B1 19-August-2003 6,473,673 B1 29-October-2002 5,140,321 5,423,023 4,310,615 4,310,614 4,310,614 5,297,053 5,513,316 18-August-1992 05-June-1990 21-December-1998 30-April-1996 22-April-1999 22-March-1994 30-April-1996

6,625,607 B1 23-September-2003 6,580,428 B1 17-June-2003 GB2354684B 02-July-2003 GB2384125 15-October-2003 GB2354096 12-November-2003 GB2354924 24-September-2003 6,608,623 B1 19-August-2003

GB2354683B 04-June-2003 6,447,223 B1 10-Sept-2002 6,308,144 23-October-2001 5,680,523 21-October-1997 5,838,331 17-November-1998 4,956,771 11-September-1990 5,058,000 15-October-1991

5,689,711 18-November-1997 5,506,950 09-April-1996 5,428,772 27-June-1995 5,850,535 15-December-1998 5,557,176 09-November-1996 5,561,747 01-October-1996 (EP)0240557 02-October-1986

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Table of Contents
DataDoctor .................................................................................................... 1 Redefining Imported Attributes ...................................................................... 1 About Redefining Imported Attributes .......................................................... 1 To Redefine Imported Attributes ................................................................. 1 To Delete Selected Entities of an Imported Surface........................................ 1 To Join Surfaces in an Imported Feature ...................................................... 2 To Exclude Surfaces from a Quilt................................................................. 2 Excluding Surfaces .................................................................................... 3 To Close Gaps and Fix Tangency ................................................................. 3 To Fix Boundaries with Problem Surfaces...................................................... 4 Fixing Boundaries with Configuration Options................................................ 4 SEL CHAINS Menu..................................................................................... 5 MAX VALUE Menu...................................................................................... 5 To Fix the Quilt Boundaries......................................................................... 5 To Edit a Boundary.................................................................................... 6 EDIT BNDRY Menu .................................................................................... 6 Creating a Chain of Edges .......................................................................... 7 Modifying an Existing Chain of Edges ........................................................... 7 To Fix the Quilt Vertices ............................................................................. 8 Cleaning Up the Imported Geometry .............................................................. 9 About Cleaning Up the Imported Geometry................................................... 9 Automatic or Manual Cleanup................................................................... 9 Collapsing Geometry............................................................................... 9 Selecting Features for Collapsing Geometry ............................................... 9 To Manually Redefine Imported Features ...................................................... 9 Suggested Tools and Strategies for Cleaning Up Imported Geometry ..............11 Guidelines for Manual Surface Cleanup........................................................11 Combination of Data Types........................................................................11 Tip: Working with Edit Boundary Functionality..............................................12

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To Automatically Clean Up the Surface........................................................12 To Display Deviation Surface Analysis .........................................................13 Using the Automatic Surface Cleanup Dialog Box..........................................14 Modifying Constraints Color Conventions .....................................................15 To Collapse the Geometry .........................................................................16 SELECT FEAT Menu ..................................................................................16 Child Menu ..............................................................................................16 Tip: Merging Pro/ENGINEER Features..........................................................17 Index ...........................................................................................................19

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Redefining Imported Attributes
About Redefining Imported Attributes
When you import geometry, you can revise imported attributes to determine whether an imported feature should be a solid or whether adjacent surfaces should be joined.

To Redefine Imported Attributes
1. Select the feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, select the feature and click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Edit > Feature Properties. The Properties menu appears. 4. Select one the following: o o o Make Solid—Generates a solid feature from the imported data. When not selected, a surface feature is generated. Join Surfs—Joins surfaces that share the same boundary whenever possible. Join Layers—Joins layers of all selected surfaces.

Note: Make Solid and Join Surfs work in combination. That is, when you select Make Solid, Join Surfs is automatically selected and a closed volume with material is created. Conversely, if you do not select Join Surfs, Make Solid is also not selected. If the imported geometry has been converted into a solid protrusion, both Make Solid and Join Surfs are selected.

To Delete Selected Entities of an Imported Surface
1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Edit > Delete. The DELETE ENT menu appears. 4. Clear the selections for the types of entities that you do not want to select. The entity types are: o o o o Point—Selects points for deletion (selected by default). Datum Plane—Selects datum planes for deletion (selected by default). Curve—Selects curves for deletion (selected by default). Surface—Selects surfaces for deletion. 1

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5. Click Select Item on the DELETE ENT menu. Use the SELECT menu to select the items to delete. 6. Click Done Sel or specify other entity types again. 7. To continue selecting entities, use the DELETE ENT menu and click Select Item again. The SELECT menu reappears so you can add items to your selection. Rehighlight in the SELECT menu highlights the cumulative results of all selections. 8. Click Done on the DELETE ENT menu.

To Join Surfaces in an Imported Feature
1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Edit > Feature Properties. The Properties menu appears. Make Solid and Join Surfs are both selected. To select only Join Surfs, clear the selection and select it again. Note: When you clear Join Surfs, Make Solid is also not selected. 4. Click Join Surfs. 5. Click Done/Return. Surfaces that share the same boundary are joined. 6. Use Fix Bndries to repair geometry and join additional surface boundaries. After all surfaces are joined and all quilts have created closed volumes, you can fill these volumes with material by clearing Join Surfs.

To Exclude Surfaces from a Quilt
1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition and select the feature. 3. Click Edit > Feature Properties. The Properties menu appears. 4. Click Exclude Surfs. Boundaries of the surfaces that are in the set are highlighted in blue. The EXCLUDE SRFS menu appears. 5. Select one of the following: o o o Add—Adds surfaces to the set of surfaces to be excluded. Remove—Removes surfaces from the set of surfaces to be excluded. Remove All—Removes all surfaces from the excluded set of surfaces.

6. Click Done. The imported feature regenerates if Join Surfs is selected. All boundaries of the excluded surfaces are displayed in yellow. 2

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Excluding Surfaces
Use Exclude Surfs in the Properties menu to separate some of the imported surfaces after they have been joined using Join Surfs, or specify surfaces to which Join Surfs should not be applied. Use Exclude Surfs to select surfaces to be excluded from a topology. You can add or remove surfaces from the excluded set. Some surfaces may appear joined with the quilt even after exclusion. These surfaces can be excluded only in groups because they were joined as a quilt during import. The original surface is broken down into multiple surface patches because of discontinuities in surface curvature or tangency, or both. These surface patches are not individual surfaces. You cannot completely exclude them from the quilt using Exclude Surfs.

To Close Gaps and Fix Tangency
After surfaces have been joined automatically using Join Surfs, some gaps may still be present. They are displayed in a model as one-sided surface edges (edges that are not shared by another surface) in yellow. Use Fix Bndries in the MANUAL REPAIR menu to repair them manually. You can also improve tangency conditions. The fix boundaries procedure is nonparametric and therefore not reversible. To undo your changes, import the file again. 1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual. The FIX OPTIONS menu appears. 4. Click Zip Gaps or Fix Tangency. 5. Select edges using the SEL CHAINS menu. 6. To set the criterion value, use the MAX VALUE menu. 7. After you have selected the first chain of edges, click Done Sel on the SELECT menu. 8. Click Done on the EDGE SEL menu. The selected edges are highlighted in blue. 9. Select the second set of edges. After you have selected both sets, a maximum gap size and a range of dihedral angles measured between relevant surfaces in the message window are printed. 10. Click Unsel Chain to clear the selection of edges. 11. Use the EDGE SEL menu to indicate edges that you do not want selected. 12. Select all edges and use the SEL CHAINS menu.

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13. Select Zip Gaps to close gaps, or FixTangency to fix tangency. Surfaces for the selected edges are repaired. As the quilt is processed, a red mesh displays the repaired surfaces. After processing is complete, you can verify the results of the complete procedure. Edges that are not repaired remain blue. 14. To accept or reject the current state of the model, click Accept or Reject, respectively, on the ACCEPT FIX menu. If you click Accept, you cannot undo these changes. 15. If gaps remain in the imported surfaces, return to Step 3, increase the criterion value, and continue through Step 7.

To Fix Boundaries with Problem Surfaces
1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. 3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual. The FIX OPTIONS menu appears. 4. Select one of the following: o o Zip Gaps—Closes gaps between surfaces so that they can then be joined using Join Surfs. Fix Tangency—Makes surfaces tangent along selected edges. You can apply tangency only to small (less than 10 degrees) dihedral angles. Boundaries that have gaps are not automatically selected. Use Fix Tangency on a quilt that is completely zipped and has fixed vertices. FixQuiltBndry—Converts a multi-segment quilt boundary to a single edge. Only almost tangential segments are considered for a possible merge. Edit Bndry—Enables you to manually alter the trimming boundary of a surface. FixVertices—Moves vertices in a set for better alignment.

o o o

Fixing Boundaries with Configuration Options
Imported geometry can contain inconsistencies in topology, incorrect alignments, or discontinuities in geometric entities. When you import surfaces to Pro/ENGINEER, some of the surface boundaries may require repair. Pro/ENGINEER provides a set of tools to repair these problems. You can instruct the system to repair some problem boundaries in the imported surfaces during the import process by setting the following configuration options: • • fix_boundaries_on_import intf3d_in_close_open_boundaries

For more information, see the Pro/ENGINEER Interface Help module.

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SEL CHAINS Menu
Auto Select automatically selects all problem boundaries based on the value of MaxGapDist or MaxDihedral. While selecting, you are informed of the progress and displays a Stop sign. Use the Stop sign to interrupt the selection process at any time. After the selection is complete, the selected edges are highlighted in blue. You can then add more edges manually using Sel Chain, Single, or Chain. If you are not satisfied with the results of the automatic search, you can reset the selection criteria and use Auto Select again. By increasing the maximum value of the selection range, you can cause larger gaps (when closing gaps) or larger dihedral angles (when fixing tangency) to be included in the selection.

MAX VALUE Menu
Default—Uses the default value. Enter—Enables you to type a maximum value of gaps between boundary edges and vertices if zipping gaps, or maximum dihedral angle if fixing tangency. If you know the accuracy at which the part was created, it can serve as an initial value for setting the maximum gap criterion. For MaxGapDist and MaxDihedral, type values in model length units and model angular units, respectively. The best practice is to accept the fixed geometry for all boundaries at a given value, increase the value if there are any selected edges that could not be fixed or any problem edges that were not selected, and use Auto Select again. The gap and dihedral setting for a particular boundary remain with the fixed tangency and gaps. Start with the default value. When using MaxGapDist, use the accuracy level of another system as the gap is probably smaller than the current one. The largest gap in the selected edges that could not be fixed is measured and a slightly larger value is suggested to you. Sel Chain—Enables you to manually select edges on both sides of the gap to be fixed. For each side, indicate the desired selection technique using the EDGE SEL menu. Single—Selects individual edges forming a chain on each side of the gap. Chain—Selects a chain of edges on each side of the gap by picking an edge from this chain.

To Fix the Quilt Boundaries
You can find quilt boundaries (chains of one-sided edges, colored yellow) composed of multiple segments that are almost tangential and nearly an isoline, and replace each one with one edge. 1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition.

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3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual. The FIX OPTIONS menu appears. 4. Click FixQuiltBndry. All one-sided boundaries in yellow on the quilt are examined and those composed of multiple segments that are almost tangential and nearly isoline are highlighted in orange. Their end vertices are highlighted in red. The FIXQULTBNDRY menu appears: o o o Unsel Chain—Enables you to select the boundary chains that you do not want fixed. The chains that are not selected are highlighted in red. Done—Continues with the current process. Quit—Quits the current procedure.

5. Click Done. All the highlighted boundaries are fixed except those that you had not selected.

To Edit a Boundary
1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual. The FIX OPTIONS menu appears. 4. Click Edit Bndry. 5. Select the surface with the boundary that you want to edit. The EDIT BNDRY menu appears. 6. Click Sel Contour to edit another surface. The CHAIN OPT menu appears. 7. Select one of the following: o o Select All—Selects all of the looped boundaries around the selected surface. From-To—Selects the boundaries between two vertices on the selected surface.

The chain of surface edges selected for the edit boundary procedure appears in red. 8. Create or modify the edges using the EDIT BNDRY menu. 9. Click Preview to see the results. 10. Click Done.

EDIT BNDRY Menu
Create—Displays the CREATE menu. Makes a new chain of edges on the surface.

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Modify—Displays the MODIFY menu. Changes a selected chain of edges. Delete—Removes an edge from a chain. Identify the chain by selecting its two ends or select the orange edge. You must replace a single open chain with a single open chain or a single closed loop with a single closed loop before you exit the EDIT BNDRY menu. Otherwise, the current edit boundary procedure is aborted. Combine—Selects two chains of edges to combine into one. Undo Last—Reverts to the state before the last procedure from the EDIT BNDRY menu if the procedure was Create, Modify, Delete, or Combine. Preview—Shows the results of the changes before executing them. Geom Check—Obtains information about problem areas. Set Domain—Allows you to mesh the domain of the surface and to expand the domain.

Creating a Chain of Edges
If you click Create on the EDIT BNDRY menu, the CREATE menu appears with the following: • • Project—Creates an edge by projecting a curve or a chain of edges onto the surface. Make Isoline—Creates an edge by creating an isoline through a reference point. If you click Make Isoline, a red arrow appears at the reference point, pointing along one possible isoline direction. The CHOOSE menu appears with the following: o o o o Accept—Accepts the displayed direction for creating the isoline. Next—Flips the red arrow to the alternative isoline direction, more or less normal to the previously displayed one and along the surface.

Connect—Creates an edge by connecting two or more points. Intersect—Creates an edge where the selected surface intersects with another surface.

Modifying an Existing Chain of Edges
If you click Modify on the EDIT BNDRY menu, the MODIFY EDGS menu appears with the following: • • • Straighten—Replaces a subchain by a simple two-point edge. Merge Edges—Merges the subchain into one continuous edge. Select an edge for the whole chain or select two vertices to define the range for the chain. Move Vertex—Places a vertex of the chain at a new reference point. The edges at the vertex are straightened and any existing tangency conditions at that vertex are removed. 7

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SetTanCond—Sets or changes tangency conditions for the edge. The start and endpoints of the edge are marked by corresponding arrows. The TAN CONDS menu appears with the following: o o o Start—Defines the tangency at the start of the edge. End—Defines the tangency at the end of the edge. Tangent—Makes the edge tangent to a reference at the selected end. If there are several possible references to which the edge could be tangent, one of them is highlighted in red and the CHOOSE menu appears. Use Next and Previous to cycle through the possible references and click Accept. Click Flip or Okay on the DIRECTION menu to position the red arrow to specify the direction of tangency. Normal—Makes the edge normal to a reference at the selected end. The procedure for choosing the reference and the direction of normalcy is similar to that described earlier for Tangent. Free—Removes the requirement for the edge to be tangent or normal to a reference at the selected end.

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Divide—Divides the edge into two at a selected point. No tangency conditions exist between the two new subchains at the selected point.

To Fix the Quilt Vertices
You can find quilt boundaries (chains of one-sided edges, colored yellow) composed of multiple segments that are almost tangential and nearly an isoline. Replace each one with one edge. 1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual. The FIX OPTIONS menu appears. 4. Click FixQuiltBndry. All one-sided boundaries in yellow on the quilt are examined and those composed of multiple segments that are almost tangential and nearly isoline are highlighted in orange. Their end vertices are highlighted in red. The FIXQULTBNDRY menu appears with the following: o o o Unsel Chain—Enables you to select the boundary chains that you do not want fixed. The chains that are not selected are highlighted in red. Done—Continues with the current process. Quit—Quits the current procedure.

5. Click Done. All the highlighted boundaries are fixed, except those that you did not select.

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Cleaning Up the Imported Geometry
About Cleaning Up the Imported Geometry
Before you import a geometry file, ensure the accuracy of data transfer by: • • Setting the appropriate configuration options. Choosing the appropriate absolute accuracy to ensure a successful data transfer. Absolute accuracy is based on the part size and the smallest edge in the imported feature that needs to be preserved.

After you import the geometry • • Clean up the surface either automatically or manually. If necessary, create Pro/ENGINEER parametric geometry to fill gaps or holes and collapse the geometry into the imported feature.

Automatic or Manual Cleanup
Automatic surface cleanup repairs the imported quilt by rebuilding the wireframe surfaces with minimal user interaction. The result is geometry with precision and integrity, but there can be changes in the parametrics of the imported surface. If you must preserve the parametrics of an imported surface, select Zip Gaps or Edit Boundary from Manual.

Collapsing Geometry
After automatic or manual surface cleanup, you may still have an imported quilt with a missing surface patch or geometry that cannot be repaired. After deleting the distorted patches and recreating the missing geometry, use Collapse Geometry to add the parametric geometry to the imported feature.

Selecting Features for Collapsing Geometry
Features such as quilts, curves, datum curves, datum planes, datum points, and datum axes can be collapsed into the target import feature. Solids, grouped or patterned features or both, and features created prior to the target feature cannot be selected for collapse. After the selected features are collapsed, they are deleted from the feature list and the Model Tree. If a selected feature has child features, you can include the dependent features in the target feature or deal with them later.

To Manually Redefine Imported Features
Note: Save the object frequently. If there are surfaces you cannot fix, place them on a layer and then blank the layer. 1. Select the imported quilt. 2. Identify surfaces that cannot be repaired, such as intersecting surfaces, coincident surfaces, surfaces with incorrect geometry, and so on.

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3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > Edit Bndry. The EDIT BNDRY menu appears. 4. Select from the EDIT BNDRY menu. The CHAIN OPT menu appears. 5. Click Select All or From-To. 6. Click Geom Check on the EDIT BNDRY menu and note the diagnostics. 7. Fix overlapping geometry and coincident geometry. 8. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > Zip Gaps. The SEL CHAINS menu appears. 9. Select one-sided edges for zipping gaps by selecting one of the following: o Auto Select—Selects chains automatically. You may also want to change the maximum gap distance (gradually in steps) using MaxGapDist to get more accurate results. Sel Chain—Selects chains manually.

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10. Click Zip Gaps. 11. View the results and accept or reject the results based on the meshed surfaces. 12. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > Edit Bndry > Geom Check and note the diagnostics. 13. Fix overlapping or self intersecting surfaces based on the suggestions in Geom Checks. 14. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > Edit Bndry. 15. Edit patch boundaries to improve intersection and closure of the quilt. 16. Click Geom Checks and note the diagnostics. 17. Fix overlapping geometry, intersecting and invalid patches, and vertex issues. 18. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > FixVertices to automatically correct the vertices. 19. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > Fix Tangency. Two-sided edges are automatically selected to fix tangency. You can manually select edge chains if they are not automatically selected. The ACCEPT FIX menu appears. 20. Click Geom Check and note the diagnostics. No geometry checks must exist except those related to the quilt boundary. If these geometry checks exist, fix them as recommended. 21. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > FixQuiltBndry to eliminate quilt boundary discrepancies due to multiple segment edges. 22. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Manual > Edit Bndry to eliminate remaining geometry checks. 23. If there are holes in the quilt, click Geometry > Collapse Geom to close them. 10

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Suggested Tools and Strategies for Cleaning Up Imported Geometry
The following techniques may be useful when you are working with a small percentage of data containing geometry that cannot be repaired. • Use the analysis tools provided to investigate any problem geometry: o To highlight problems with surface parameterization, mesh surfaces. If the U and V mesh lines are almost parallel on the surface, a near singularity is created, that is, incorrect parameterization. To obtain information on appropriate settings for the MaxGapDist value, measure the distance between surface edges or vertices.

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If Geom Check information is not available for a particular problem, isolate the problem area by manually fixing edges one at a time. With remaining problem edges, use the preceding techniques. If you have surfaces that overlap in a portion of their area, but need to keep both in the model, use Edit Boundary to create a common edge. If you cannot repair a boundary or vertex using Fix Bndries, remove one of the surfaces along the edge, and create replacement surfaces using Pro/ENGINEER features. Merge the new surface with the imported geometry. Identify the surface to remove by investigating the edges along the problem boundary using analysis tools. You may want to remove surfaces that have the worst discontinuities along the edge or are easiest to recreate. If you cannot import a particular surface, recreate the missing surface based on boundary edges from adjacent surfaces as discussed above. Surface and Merge merge individual quilts, but you cannot merge internal edges of a quilt. That is, you cannot merge a surface quilt with itself. However, yellow edges that remain in the model even after Join Surfs has been used are probably internal to the quilt, and cannot be merged using Surface and Merge.

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Guidelines for Manual Surface Cleanup
If the result of your automatic cleanup is not satisfactory, follow these guidelines to perform a manual cleanup: • • • • View all diagnostic information. Address overlapping geometry and coincident surfaces. Exclude surfaces as necessary. Save frequently. Changes are not parametric.

Combination of Data Types
There are several common combinations of imported data. A file can contain 2D and 3D information, in drawing and model space. You can read these files into Pro/ENGINEER either as drawings or as parts or assemblies, or both. 11

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Another typical combination is that of wireframe and surface data in one part. The basic part is usually created with wireframe entities, and surfaces are created only where there are rounds or other interesting geometry. The strategies already explained for working with wireframe and surface data can be applied to the combinations of imported data as well.

Tip: Working with Edit Boundary Functionality
When editing boundaries, • • Save the part often because you cannot undo changes after you exit the EDIT BNDRY menu. You cannot create or modify edges to be off the surface. All new edges that are created and old edges that are modified are always projected on to the surface. If necessary, exclude the incorrect imported surfaces and blank them on a layer. Recreate new surfaces and merge them into the imported quilt. Use Query Select to pick the appropriate entities. For example, when moving or creating vertices, use Query Select to pick the ends of edges. You can then connect ends of new and existing edges. When possible, use Modify on the EDIT BNDRY menu to change the existing edges rather than create new edges. It is easier to maintain closed loops and vertex alignment when you adjust existing boundaries, for example, by moving vertices. In many cases, it is more important to align vertices than to align the edges between them. Domain meshes can be helpful in viewing surfaces that need to be edited.

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To Automatically Clean Up the Surface
1. Select a feature in the Model Tree and right-click. 2. Click Edit Definition on the shortcut menu. Alternatively, click Edit > Definition. 3. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Automatic. The SEL SRFS menu appears. 4. To select the surfaces you want to include or exclude, or both, for cleanup, click Include and select one of the following: o o o o Indiv Surfs Surf & Ngh All Surfs Quilt Surfs

5. Click Exclude. 6. Select the surfaces from the SELECT menu. 12

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7. Click Done. The Automatic Surface Cleanup dialog box appears. 8. Modify the wireframe: o o o Click Exclude. Select the surfaces, curves, or vertices, or a combination of wireframe entities, for which you do not want to change the parametrics. Click Include. Select the edge chains (not already selected) for which you want to perform the surface cleanup. Click Suspend. Select the edge chains that you want to suspend from the wireframe.

9. Modify the constraints on the wireframe: o o o o Select a constraint type. Click Set or Unset. The SELECT menu opens. Select an edge, curve, or surface on which to enforce a constraint. To revert to default constraints, click Set Defaults.

Note: Some of the selected geometry is automatically constrained and is appropriately tagged in the model window. 10. Change the way the surface appears in the model window. Check the display options that you want on the constrained wireframe. 11. Click Compute to start the automatic repair of the quilt or Quit to exit the Automatic Surface Cleanup dialog box. 12. Compare the original surface with the newly-computed surface as follows: o o o Click Analysis > Geometry > Shaded Curvature. The Shaded Curvature dialog box opens. Click the Definition tab under Plot and select Compare Surfaces in Type. Click All, Surface, or Component in the filter on the dashboard and click on the geometry to view the comparison color chart.

13. Click Accept to complete the operation or click Quit.

To Display Deviation Surface Analysis
1. Click Analysis > Geometry > Shaded Curvature. The Shaded Curvature dialog box opens. 2. Click the Definition tab. 3. Under Plot, select Compare Surfaces as the plot-type in Type. Note: Compare Surfaces is available only when the Automatic Surface Cleanup dialog box is open and you click Compute to start the automatic repair of the quilt.

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4. Under References select Surface for deviation analysis. 5. Select a surface in the model. Note: When you select a surface in the model, Color Scale window opens for the analysis of the selected surface. 6. Click the Analysis tab in the Shaded Curvature dialog box. The minimum and maximum deviation for the surface is available under Results. 7. To display the deviation analysis for all surfaces, click Component in the filter on the dashboard.

Using the Automatic Surface Cleanup Dialog Box
Click: Modify Wireframe > Include > Edge chain Modify Wireframe > Exclude > Surface Modify Wireframe > Exclude > Curve Modify Wireframe > Exclude > Vertex Modify Wireframe > Suspend > Edge chain To: Select edge chains to include in computation Select surfaces to exclude from computation Select curves to exclude from computation Select vertices to exclude from computation Select edge chains to identify topology to suspend from the computation Select surfaces to freeze or not freeze Select surfaces with boundaries to freeze or not freeze Select edge to set or unset tangency Select the tangent edge for which to set or unset the master side or select a surface to set as the master for tangent edge Select a surface to split or join or select points along the boundary where you want to split or join the surface

Modify Constraints > Set or Unset > Frozen Modify Constraints > Set or Unset > Frozen w/boundary Modify Constraints > Set or Unset > Tangent Modify Constraints > Set or Unset > Master

Modify Constraints > Set or Unset > Split

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Modify Constraints > Set Defaults Display Options > Frozen

Set default constraints Display all frozen surfaces and frozen surfaces with boundaries with appropriate meshing and tags Have hashings on all appropriate edges with master constraint on the side of the master surface Display all tags Mesh all modified surfaces in red Compute the surfaces Quit automatic surface cleanup Accept the solution. Accept is available after the wireframe and the surfaces are rebuilt.

Display Options > Master

Display Options > Tags Display Options > Fixed Srfs Compute Quit Accept

Modifying Constraints Color Conventions
Constraints such as tangency are applied automatically. These constraints appear in color with a letter tag. You can also add your own constraints. The entities on which constraints are specified are highlighted in the color and with the tag described in the table below. Some surfaces cannot be changed. These appear with a dark cyan mesh and a green F tag indicating that they are frozen. Constraint Frozen Frozen w/boundary Master Color/Tag Dark cyan mesh with green F tag in a green box Grey dense mesh with a white B tag in white box

Hashings on the edge selected on the side of the master surface Cyan edge with a cyan T tag on the edge Cyan dotted line indicating a split with a T tag indicating that the split creates a tangent edge

Tangent Split

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To Collapse the Geometry
Use Collapse Geometry to fill the holes that result from deleting surface patches that cannot be repaired in the imported quilt. The Collapse Geometry menu is available only after you create Pro/ENGINEER features with the imported feature. 1. Click Geometry > Heal Geometry > Automatic or Manual to clean up the quilt. 2. Create a parametric Pro/ENGINEER feature to fill the holes in the quilt. 3. Click Geometry > Collapse Geometry. The SELECT FEAT menu appears. 4. Click Select to select the features that you want as part of the imported quilt. If the feature has a child feature, the Child menu appears. 5. If the feature has child features, use the Child menu to determine how the child features in the collapsed feature are to be handled.

SELECT FEAT Menu
When you select Geometry > Collapse Geometry, the SELECT FEAT menu appears. Click: Select To: Select the features that are to become part of the imported feature. If the features have child features, the Child menu appears See the Child menu, if features have child features See the Child menu, if features have child features Start the collapse and regenerate the model Ignore selections and return to the REDEF IMPT menu

Layer

Range

Done Quit

Child Menu
When a feature has child features, the Child menu appears. Click: Show Ref Include To: Display the references of the highlighted feature Collapse the highlighted feature with other selected features

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Include All

Collapse all dependent features

Suspend

Suspend the highlighted feature and deal with it if it fails during regeneration Provide information on the highlighted features

Info

Quit

Quit and return to the SELECT FEAT menu

Tip: Merging Pro/ENGINEER Features
Do not merge Pro/ENGINEER features created with imported geometry. These features merge automatically when you collapse the geometry.

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Index
A attributes redefining imported...................... 1 attributes ...................................... 1 Attributes command REDEF IMPT menu ..................... 18 Attributes command.................... 1, 2 Auto Select SEL CHAINS menu ....................... 5 Auto Select .................................... 5 B boundary editing when redefining ................ 7 boundary....................................... 7 C COLLAPSE GEOMETRY command .... 17 color conventions for constraints during import ....... 17 color conventions ......................... 17 constraints automatically applied ................. 17 Frozen...................................... 17 Frozen w/boundary .................... 17 Master...................................... 17 Split......................................... 17 Tangent.................................... 17 constraints .................................. 17 E edges creating a chain ........................... 8 19 F feature joining surfaces in an imported feature .................. 2 feature ......................................... 2 FixQuiltBndry command FIXQULTBNDRY menu .................. 6 FixQuiltBndry command .................. 6 G gaps closing when redefining import...... 3 gaps............................................. 3 geometry see imported geometry ...............10 geometry .....................................10 H Heal Geometry command ................ 2 I imported feature creating chain of edges when redefining ................................ 8 modifying a chain ........................ 8 edges ........................................... 8 Edit Definition command Properties menu................... 1, 2, 3 Edit Definition command .......... 1, 2, 3 entities deleting from an imported surface ...................... 2 entities ......................................... 2

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editing a boundary when redefining ........................ 7 fixing quilt vertices when redefining ........................ 9 joining surfaces ........................... 2 modifying a chain of edges when redefining ................................ 8 redefining attributes..................... 1 redefining by closing gaps and fixing tangency ......................... 3 redefining by deleting entities........ 2 redefining by excluding surfaces from a quilt .............................. 3 redefining by fixing boundaries ...... 4

strategies for cleaning up ............12 imported geometry ...... 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17 J Join Surfs command Properties menu.......................1, 2 Join Surfs command ....................1, 2 M Make Solid command Properties menu.......................1, 2 Make Solid command...................1, 2 Q quilt boundaries

redefining by joining surfaces ........ 2 fixing when redefining import........ 6 redefining quilt boundaries ............ 6 quilt boundaries ............................. 6 imported feature ............. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 imported geometry automatic clean up overview ....... 10 automatically redefining imported features ................... 14 cleaning up imported geometry overview ................................ 10 collapsing after importing a feature................................ 17 collapsing geometry overview...... 10 combinations of data types ......... 13 guidelines for manual surface cleanup.................................. 13 manual clean up overview........... 10 manually redefining imported features ................................. 11 selecting feature for collapsing overview ................................ 10 quilt vertices fixing when redefining import........ 9 quilt vertices ................................. 9 S surface cleanup.............................14 surfaces excluding from quilt when redefining import ...................... 3 fixing boundaries......................... 4 joining in an imported feature ....... 2 redefining import by excluding from quilt........................................ 3 surfaces................................. 2, 3, 4 T tangency fixing when redefining import......................... 3 tangency....................................... 3

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Index

U Unsel Chain command

FIXQULTBNDRY menu .................. 6 Unsel Chain command .................6, 9

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