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# SPEED The average speed during the course of a motion is often computed using the following formula

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EX. Consider a football coach pacing back and forth along the sidelines. The diagram below shows several of coach's positions at various times. At each marked position, the coach makes a "U-turn" and moves in the opposite direction. In other words, the coach moves from position A to B to C to D. What is the coach's average speed? When finished, click the button to view the answer.

ANS.

Seymour has an average speed of (95 yd) / (10 min) = 9.5 yd/min

VELOCITY

In contrast, the average velocity is often computed using this formula

EX. What is the coach's average velocity? When finished, click the button to view the answer.

ANS.

An average velocity of (55 yd, left) / (10 min) = 5.5 yd/min, left

A skater goes from a standstill to a speed of 6. acceleration = final velocity – initial velocity = D v time t OR a = vf – vi = D v t t EX. the first derivative of the velocity with respect to time.7m/s = .7m/s – 0m/s = 6. 4. 2. alternately.7 m/s in 12 seconds. Where: u – initial velocity v – final velocity a – acceleration t – time s – displacement .56m/s2 12s 12s THE EQUATIONS FOR UNIFORM ACCELERATION There are four equations for uniform acceleration (also known as the kinematic equations) which are used to describe the motion of an object: 1. 3.56m/s2 . The SI units for acceleration are m / s2 (meters per second squared ormeters per second per second).ACCELERATION Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity as a function of time. The skater had an acceleration of . In calculus terms. acceleration is the second derivative of position with respect to time or. It is vector. What is the acceleration of the skater? ANS. a = 6.

This type of motion describes the movement of a particle or a body. Motion along straight line .RECTILINEAR MOTION Rectilinear motion is another name for straight-line motion.

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Arce 26 September. Isayas IV.Diamond Submitted to: Mrs.Submitted by: Miecel Joy R. 2011 .

that Stukely did not claim to have witnessed the apple incident firsthand. and Colin Maclaurin include no mention of the ancedote at all. one that is taken quite seriously by the story's adherents. wanted to get rid of the man [and] told him that an apple fell on his nose. and this made the matter quite clear to the man. and prominent antiquarian. She and her husband lived with and kept house for Newton in his declining years. "the occurrence was something of this sort: There comes to Newton a stupid importunate man. Meanwhile. The institute was founded by Roger W. And the great German astronomer Karl Friedrich Gauss thought the story too ludicrous for words. . "Undoubtedly. later recanted. Whiston. Catherine Barton Conduitt.. Even the famed British astronomer Sir Harold Spencer Jones. noting that "one cannot be sure either way.STORY OF SIR ISAAC NEWTON'S THEORY OF GRAVITY AND THE FALLING APPLE About the true story behind the myth that a falling apple inspired Sir Isaac Newton's gravitational theory. but no one knows for certain. who had married one of her uncle's closest associates. it should be noted that the Babson Institute in Wellesley. . who publicly stated in 1944 that the story was probably true. Sir Isaac Newton was taking tea under the apple trees in the family gardens at Woolsthorpe one summer's afternoon in 1665 when an apple fell from an overhanging branch. important early biographies of Newton by Pemberton. Newton. formerly. Mass. It was occasioned by the fall of an apple. and he went away satisfied. who asks him how he hit upon his great discovery. long after the great English mathematician had died and 73 years from the time the disputed apple fell. Or so the story goes." In all fairness. insightful interpretation of his teachings. when." he once hypothesized. wrote that he was once enjoying afternoon tea with Sir Isaac amid the Woolsthorpe apple trees when the mathematician reminisced that "he was just in the same situation as. Babson." The story of Newton's apple first appears in Voltaire's Elements de la Philosophie de Newton. Another bit of evidence. written in 1752 though unpublished. however. a physician. whose significance should be readily obvious: It was only the force of gravity which allowed Sir Isaac to rest on it. Also on display on the Babson campus is Sir Isaac's bed. and immediately provided the inspiration for his law of gravitation. cleric. claims to own a fruit-bearing tree grafted from the one that figured so crucially in Newton's thinking. It may indeed have happened that way. the notion of gravitation came into his mind. the man who made the study of gravity and the quest for an antigravity machine his life's work. plunked him on the head. But his only source for the apple story was Sir Isaac's niece. Voltaire admired Sir Isaac and his theories tremendously and offered a clear. is Rev. "Note. mysteriously. until 1936. GREAT HAPPENINGS THAT NEVER HAPPENED Newton's Gravitational Theory Was Not Inspired by a Falling Apple. William Stukely's biography of Newton. . as he sat in contemplative mood. Stukely. published in 1738.

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