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TRAFFIC RULES OF INDIA

Every driver should possess adequate knowledge and understanding of the following provisions of Motor Vehicle Act 1988 : SEC 122: LEAVING VEHICLE IN DANGEROUS POSITION No person shall park his vehicle in public place in such a way that it causes danger, obstruction or inconvenience to other road users.

SEC 123: RIDING ON RUNNING BOARD Carriage of persons on running board and on the top or on the bonnet of motor vehicle is strictly prohibited.

SEC 125: OBSTRUCTION TO THE DRIVER No person driving a motor vehicle shall allow any person to stand or sit or anything to be placed in such a manner as to hamper the driver in his control of the vehicle.

SEC 126: STATIONARY VEHICLE While keeping the vehicle stationery in public place its Mechanism should be stopped, brakes must be applied or such measures should be taken as to ensure that vehicle cannot accidently be put in motion.

SEC 128: PILLION RIDER No driver of two-wheeled motor cycle shall carry more than one person, on pillion seat. SEC 130: PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS A) The driver of motor vehicle in any public place shall on demand produce his driving license and certificate of registration of the vehicle for examination. B) Beside these documents driver of transport vehicle shall produce Road Permit Fitness Certificate, Authorization if any Certification of Taxation on demand.

2000/. calculated to cause his driving of the vehicle to be a source of danger to the public. 2. SEC 186: DRIVING WHEN MENTALLY OR PHYSICALLY UNFIT TO DRIVE Whomever drives a motor vehicle in any public place when he is to his knowledge suffering from any disease or disability. Without certificate of registration. SEC 185: DRIVING BY DRUNKEN PERSON OR BY A PERSON UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS Whomever. or attempting to drive. while driving. SEC 207: POWER TO DETAIN THE VEHICLE The Motor Vehicle Inspector may detain the vehicle used 1. or with fine which may extend to Rs. 3. a motor vehicle shall be punishable for the first offence with imprisonment for a term which may extend to six month.200/-.or with both. Report the matter to the nearest Police Station as soon as possible or within 24 hours. shall be punishable for the first offence with fine which may extend to Rs. Give your own and vehicle owners name and address to any person who gives his name and address 1.SEC 134: DUTY OF DRIVER IN CASE OF ACCIDENT If you are involved in an accident then you should –Stop. Without driving licence . 2. Give possible medical aid to injured person. Without permit.

Before starting to overtake look in your rear view mirror & confirm that nobody else is overtaking you. 4. If in doubt do not overtake. when indicated not to overtake by traffic signal or road markings. . 7. Make your intentions clear before overtaking & do not overtake unless driver ahead permits you to do so. corners.SAFETY TIPS – TRAFFIC DRIVER MUST TAKE FOLLOWING PRECAUTIONS BEFORE OVERTAKING 1. 6. a road junction. When a solid yellow or white line is painted on road at pedestrian crossing no driver shall drive a motor vehicle so that part thereof projects beyond that line. distance of vehicle coming from opposite direction. its speed and road gradient plays an important role. hill top. PEDESTRIAL CROSSING The pedestrian have right of way at any pedestrian crossings (Zebra crossing). and shall not enter. 8. (Except when vehicle ahead is turning right) 3. Overtaking only from right hand side. 2. When being overtaken driver shall not increase speed or do anything to other vehicle passing it. While overtaking. FIRE SERVICE VEHICLES AND AMBULANCE TO BE GIVEN FREE PASSAGE Every driver shall on the approach of fire service vehicle or of an ambulance allow it free passage by drawing his vehicle to the left side of the road. pedestrian crossing or a road corner. Come back to your own lane as soon as the vehicle which you have overtaken is seen in the mirror. until he has become aware that the he may do so without endangering the safety of persons thereon and shall give way to all traffic approaching on the right hand side of the road. On mountains road or steep roads vehicles traveling down hill shall give precedence to vehicle going up hill. 5. CAUTION AT ROAD JUNCTION AND GIVE WAY The driver of a motor vehicle shall slow down when approaching a road intersection. Overtaking is prohibited at blind turns.

5. (Projection in Height – 3. More the speed more is the distance between two vehicles. Drive a vehicle with a muffler causing alarming sound.TOWING 1. DISTANCE FROM VEHICLE IN FRONT The driver of vehicle moving behind another shall keep sufficient distance from the vehicle in front (one vehicle length distance for every 15km/hr). 4. 3. USE OF HORNS AND SILENCE ZONES A driver of a vehicle shall not 1. 4. Sound the horn is silence zones. Speed of the vehicle towing another vehicle shall not be more than 24 km/Hrs. 3. 2. 5. Sound the horn needlessly or continuously or more than necessary to ensure safety. There shall be a licence holder driver in the vehicle being towed or its steering wheels shall be elevated from the road. Drive a vehicle creating undue noise when in motion.8mtrs. Sound the multi tuned horns or shrill horns. No vehicle other than mechanically disabled vehicle shall be towed by any vehicle. PROJECTION OF LOAD No Person shall drive any motor vehicle with is loaded in manner likely to cause danger to any person in such manner that the load projects laterally beyond the side of body or to the front or the rear or in height beyond permissible limits.85mtrs. Distance between two vehicle shall not be more than 5mts. Projection at the Rear -1. . On the rear of vehicle being towed letters “ON TOW” shall be displayed. 2.) DRIVING REVERSE GEAR No driver shall drive in reverse gear without first satisfying himself that it will not cause danger to others.

.DO’S AND DONT’S Do’s:  Use indicators wherever necessary  Look out for people unexpectedly jumping out of public transport  Watch out for pot holes on the road  Wherever there is no signal. stop. look and proceed  Watch for speed breakers  Use the rear mirrors while changing lanes or before stopping Dont’s :  Don’t carry more than one passenger  Don’t carry infants  Don’t drive without a helmet  Don’t drive without a valid licence  Don’t exceed prescribed speed limits  Don’t smoke or use cell phone while driving  Avoid squeezing under closed railway gates  Don’t make children seated on petrol tanks while driving  Don’t ride through in between heavy vehicles  Don’t Drive without lights in the night  Don’t ride with single hand  Don’t Overtake from left side of the vehicle except when vehicle ahead is turning right.

3 Not carrying documents as required.1. OFFENCES RELATED TO DOCUMENTS S. Rs 2000/- 39 r/w192 MVA .C. 2000/-) 130 r/w 177 MVA 1. Rs.and /or imprisonment ( 3 months) 1. 100/130(3) r/w 177 MVA 5 r/w 180 MVA 3 r/w 181 MVA SECTION 1. 1. 2000/-) 130 r/w 177 MVA 1.( not less than Rs. Rs.and/or imprisonment ( 3 months) 130 r/w 177 MVA Rs.7 Vehicle without R.NO OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY 1.4 Driving without Valid Insurance. 5000/.1000/.500/. Rs. 5000/. 1.( not less than Rs.1000/.6 Driving without Valid Fitness.2 Allowing vehicle to be driven by a person who does not possess a Valid License.5 Driving without Valid Permit.1 Driving without a Valid License Rs.and/or imprisonment ( 3 months) Rs.

2.100/- 2.1.100/Rs.17 Rs.2 OFFENCES Driving by Minor .6 Rough/Rash/Negligent Driving .1.1.1 2.1.1. Failing to decelerate at intersection.15 2.7 2. Taking “U” turn during outlawed hours.14 Rs.1. Reversing without due care and attention. Driving in the center and not to left side.100/- 2. Carrying persons causing hindrance to the driver. Failing to take precaution while taking a “Turn”. OFFENCES RELATED TO DRIVING S. 100/- 17 (i) RRR 177 MVA MMVR 233 177 MVA 12 RRR 177 MVA 3 RRR 177 MVA 8 RRR 177 MVA 2 RRR 177 MVA 123-177 MVA 125-177 MVA 2.100/- 2. 66 r/w 192 MVA 2 RRR r/w 177 MVA 2.12 Rs. 100/- 128/177 MVA .1.1.1. 1000/SECTION 4 r/w 181 MVA 5 r/w 180 MVA 2.1.100/- 2.16 Rs.NO 2.1. 500/Rs.11 Rs.100/Rs.1.1.1. Failing to carry on left of traffic island. Seat Belts not fastened. Dangerous or hasty Driving.8 Not Driving in Proper Lane.1.1. 100/Rs.5 2. 100/- 129 r/w177 MVA 138(3) CMVR 177 MVA 184 MVA 112-183 MVA 2. Allowing Unauthorized person to drive . Carrying persons on Footboard. Trippling.100/- 2. 1000/Rs.10 Rs. Rs.100/- 2. Driving without Helmet. MAXIMUM PENALTY Rs.1.9 2.1000/and/or imprisonment ( 6 months) Court Challan Rs.4 Rs.3 2. Driving against One Way.13 Rs.

Violation of Mandatory Signs .100/vehicle used in driving.1.4.4. 100/Rs.1 2. 100/Rs. Using High Beam where not required.1. 4500/- CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA 39/192 MVA 2.2.6.3.1 Rs.18 2. Rs. Improper horn usage while driving. Violation of Stop Line.3 Disobeying manual Traffic Signal. Rs. 100/- 2.1 2. Rs.3.2 Driving against Police Signal.2 2.100/Rs. Traffic Police Related Offences Disobeying Traffic Police Officer in uniform.1 Rs.3 2.4 2.2 2.5 2. Vehicle Light Related Offences Rs. Road Marking Related Offences Violation of Yellow Line. Number Plate Related Offences Rs.100/- RRR 177 MVA RRR 177 MVA 2.2 2. Horn Related Offences Rs.6 2.2 Driving without Horn. 100/- 239 MMVR 22(a) RRR 177 MVA .100/- 119(1)/177 CMVR CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA 2.1 Improper use of headlights/tail light for vehicle used in driving.2 Rs.6.19 Driving on Footpath. 100/Rs. 100/- 2.2.2.2. 100/- 119/177 MVA 113(1)/177 DMVR 119/177 MVA Use of Offensive Number Plate for Rs.3 2. Stopping at pedestrian crossing or crossing a Stop Line.100/- CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA 112(G) A DMVR 177 MVA 2.5. Displaying 'Applied For'.5. 100/- 119 MVA 22(a) RRR 177 MVA 119 r/w 177 MVA 2.6.

100/Rs. Failing to confer way to sanction Overtaking.9.5 2.9.9 122 177 MVA 184 MVA 102/177 MVA 120/190(2)/177CMVR 186 MVA . Phone while Up to 1000/- 2. Playing music while Driving.9.7.1000/112-183 MVA 2.3 2. 500/132/179 MVA Up to Rs.2 Rs. Rs. Abetment for Over Speeding .2 Failing to give Signal.8.4 Leaving vehicle in unoccupied Rs.9. influence Rs. mentally Rs. Other Offences Disobeying Lawful Directions.1 2.1 Traffic Signal Related Offences Disobeying Traffic signal / Sign Board.300/Rs. 100/or Court Challan 126-177 MVA 2. Driving under Alcohol / Drugs.8. 100/- 2.2000/185 MVA and/or imprisonment ( 6 months) 184 MVA 2.2 2.8.100/- 112/183(2) MVA 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 MVA 7 RRR 177 MVA RRR 6/1/177 MVA 2.9.7 2.7. 1000/Rs. Rs.7 2. 100/- of Rs.1 Jumping Signal.100/In case of a minor Accident.8.8 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.9. Leaving vehicle in unsafe position. Rs.3 Using Mobile Driving.8 2.8. Overtaking from Wrong Side .100/engine.9. 100/22(b) RRR 239 MMVR 177 MVA 121 RRR 177 MVA 119/177 MVA 2. 100/Rs.4 Rs.3 2. Driving when physically unfit.9. Rs.7.100/- Speed and Overtake Related Offences Exceeding the prescribed Speed Limits. Driving without Silencer.9. Overtaking perilously.2.

Car .4 4. OFFENCES RELATED TO TOWING OF VEHICLES S.5 Rs. OFFENCES RELATED TO POLLUTION S.7 Using horn in Silence Zone. MAXIMUM PENALTY Rs. Trailor. Tanker. Smoky Exhaust. 100/Rs. Silencer/muffler making noise.3 OFFENCES Smoking in Public Transport.2 4. Taxi. Pollution Not Under Control.500/- 4. Rs.600/- RRR 177 MVA 4.NO 4.1 4.500/SECTION 86(1)(5)/177 DMVR 99(1)(a)/177 DMVR 119 CMVR 190(2) MVA 96(1)/177 DMVR CMVR 120 190(2) MVA 115 CMVR 190(2) MVA 21(ii) RRR 177 MVA 4.3 Truck.100/Auto Rs.2 OFFENCES Two Wheeler. Blowing Pressure Horn. Jeep. Fixing multi-toned/shrill horn.200/SECTION RRR 177 MVA RRR 177 MVA 3.500/- 4.3.NO 3. 100/Rs. 100/Rs.1 3. Rickshaw. MAXIMUM PENALTY Rs.100/- .6 Rs. Rs.

100/Rs. 2000/-plus Rs. Defective tyres.300/motor vehicle in contravention of Act. 5000/. OFFENCES RELATED TO MOTOR VEHICLES S.8 100 CMVR 177 MVA 236 MMVR 177 MVA 5. 177 MVA 5. Overloading a goods vehicle.12 177 MVA 5. Vehicles fitted with dark glasses/sun films.for MMVR 93(u)(i) every additional ton.2 Rs.NO 5. 100/97(2)/177 DMVR 5.100/- 47-177 MVA 5.6 Without Side Mirror.16 . Driving without proper number plate/ illuminating rear number plate.4 Rs. 5000/-( not less than Rs.13 Rs.14 Carrying goods in a dangerous or hazardous manner. 2000/-) Use of Colored light on Vehicle Rs. Imprisonment and/or fine of Rs.9 Rs. 5. Rs. not wearing uniform/not displaying badge. 1000/.66/192 MV Act 5. 177 MVA Imprisonment and/or fine of 29 RRR Rs.100/- 84(G)-177 MVA 5.3 Rs.15 Infringement of permit conditions. 7/177 MVA CMVR 94 120.100/MMVR 21(18) 177 MVA 5.4 5.1 OFFENCES Using Vehicle in Unsafe Conditions. Failing to display public carrier board.100/- CMVR 101 5.100/Rs. Particulars to be printed on transport vehicles.11 Rs. Using private vehicle for commercial purposes.100/- 116 MMVR 177 MVA 5. 3000/177 MVA 5.( not less than Rs.5 5. 2000/-) Rs. Rs. Without Wiper MAXIMUM PENALTY Court Challan SECTION 192 MVA 5.10 Rs. 32/192.12 5.100/- 5. No indication board on left hand drive vehicle.100/- 5.7 Sale of motor vehicle/alteration of Rs.5.100/- 52/191 MVA. When motor vehicle is out of state for more than 12 months. Any sort of misconduct with passengers.

100/vehicles in contravention of rules. 100/Rs.4 6.12 6. Carrying goods more than 11 feet Rs. Court Challan Rs.NO 6. Conductor without Uniform.11 Misbehavior by Taxi/TSR Driver. OFFENCES RELATED TO COMMERCIAL VEHICLES S.3 OFFENCES Plying in 'NO ENTRY' Time Violation of Time Table MAXIMUM PENALTY Upto 2000/Court Challan SECTION 115/194 MVA 11/177. Driver refuses to weigh vehicle.14 6. Driver without Badge. 6. Driver without Uniform.4. Over Charging Driver. 100/Rs. 100/- Taxi/TSR Rs. Refusal by Taxi/TSR Driver.16 6.100/- 6.7 Carrying goods unsecured.18 Charging without Meter.100/- 6. by Rs. . Limit Of weight and limitation on Court Challan Use. 66/192 MVA 29 RRR/177 MVA MMVR 83 177 MVA MMVR 108 177 MVA High and Long / Load in Vehicles Rs.100/- 6.5 6. 100/Court Challan 11(8)/177 DMVR 11(9)/177 DMVR 7/177 DMVR 22(1)/177 DMVR 23(1)/177 DMVR 22(1)/177 DMVR 66/192 MVA 207(1) MVA Power to detain Vehicle used in Court Challan contravention of section 3.14 6.9 114/194(2) MVA MMVR 202 177 MVA 11(3)/177 DMVR 11(8)/177 DMVR 6.10 6. 2/177. Load on Tail Board.13 6. Rs. Rs.6. 100/Rs.39 or 66(1) MV Act.15 6.100/high. 6. Stopping without Bus stop Rs. Carrying persons dangerously or Rs.2 6. 100/Rs.1 6.6 229 MMVR 29 RRR 177 MVA MMVR 202 177 MVA MMVR 93(u) (i) 177 MVA 113/194(1) MVA 6. Goods in Passenger Vehicles Dangerous projection of goods. Conductor without Badge.17 6.100/carrying persons in goods vehicles. 100/- 6. 100/Rs. 100/Carrying animals in goods Rs. 6.

8 Parking within 15 meters on either Rs.12 Parked on Pedestrian Crossing. 100/- 7. OFFENCES RELATED TO PARKING S. Rs.1 OFFENCES MAXIMUM PENALTY 22(a) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) RRR 177 MVA 15(1) RRR 177 MVA 15(i) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) (i) RRR 177 MVA 15(i) RRR 177 MVA 15(2) RRR 177 MVA 15(2)(iii) RRR 177 MVA 15(2)(ii) RRR 177 MVA 15(2)(viii) RRR 177 MVA 15(1) RRR 177 MVA SECTION Parking in the direction of flow of Rs.4 Parking causing Obstruction. Rs. 100/manner. 100/- 7. 100/- 7.NO 7. from footpath Rs.14 Parking in front of a gate. Rs.7. Rs. Rs.100/traffic. 100/- 7.6 Parking in not any prescribed Rs.3 Parking against flow of traffic. 100/- 7. Rs.10 Parking at Traffic Island. Parking away towards road. Rs.13 Parking on Footpath. Parking at any Corner.100/- 7.15 Parking causing obstruction.7 7. 100/side of Bus Stop. 100/- 7.2 7. Rs.11 Parking in “No” Parking Area. 100/- 7.9 7. Parking on Bridge.100/- 7. Rs. Rs. Rs. 100/- 7. 100/- . 100/- 7.5 Parking on a Taxi Stand.

Running Stop Signs . Teenage Drivers 2. Drunk Driving 10. Wrong-Way Driving 6. Rain 12. Night Driving 3. Improper Turns 7. Running Red Lights 13. Distracted Driving 8. Speeding 9. Reckless Driving 11. Design Defects 4. Unsafe Lane Changes 5.TOP 25 CAUSES OF ROAD Accidents 1.

Fog 15. Tire Blowouts 22. Deadly Curves 16. Drowsy Driving . Potholes 20. Tailgating 21. Animal Crossings 17. Driving Under the Influence of Drugs 23. Ice 24. Snow 25.14. Street Racing 18. Road Rage 19.

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