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Tid-bits: Education “scientia potential est” – Knowledge is power. What are the different philosophies of Education? 1.

Ancient Greek Philosophy: Socrates, Plato & Aristotle  Socrates: “The only good is knowledge, the only evil is ignorance.”  Socrates’ Method: questioning intelligence, true knowledge is gained when an issue is broken down to smaller questions  distil truth and recognise contradictions  Plato: Power of dialogue – teachers must know the subjects and their limits of knowledge. Plato’s Academy – 1st kind of University. Education – moral enterprise.  Focus on mind & soul. Conceptualisation of differing educational requirements corresponding to different life stages: 6 – reading, writing, counting  18 – sports & music  20: university  30: philosophy  50: ready to rule the world.  All rounded & balanced development. Aristotle: ethical & political concern, education through habit, education through reason.  Andragogy – learning strategies focused on adults; lifelong education; model of learning society. 2. Modern Western: Montessori, John Dewey  Focus on self-determination & self-actualisation. De-centring teachers – keepers of the environment. Children learn to develop discipline & care for others by being engaged in ‘exercises of daily living’  Education engage and enlarge experiences – thinking & reflection – role of educator 3. Ancient Chinese: Confucian society

which is the best? No perfect model. psychometric tests vs. values and character Why is education necessary? How does education help people? Meritocracy/ Egalitarian policies – escape from vicious circle of poverty Social development Science & tech development How can intelligence be assessed? IQ test. Denmark’s model – lifelong learning heavily subsidised by government What are the flaws of Singapore’s education? Comparison Singapore Rote learning 3% GDP MOE-driven social activism Malaysia Denmark Experiential learning One of the largest spenders on education Student-driven social activism .What does it mean to be an educated person? Body Military trained – discipline & teamwork Play sports – active & healthy lifestyle. challenges physical feats Mind Creativity Soul Music/ Art talent Problem solving skills Understand literature & history – learn with knowledge from the past & different perspectives Critical thinking skills Communication skills – linguistic abilities Social activism Proper habits. SAT/ A levels: are they reliable? Is it necessary? Pros & cons? Is there a perfect model of education? If no.

said: "One’s culture is the soul of one’s ethnicity.  Chinese schools consistently perform better than national schools.6% Indian  2004:128 students who obtained 5As in the STPM (the best possible grade) were denied their first choice – medicine – with only one common ground: non-bumiputeras. 1% -3. Arts Social Activism Political Apathy Facts          What are the flaws of Malaysia’s education? Problems Institutionalised racism Facts  University Quota (tho’ UMNO announced aim to reduce reliance in 2002)  2006: matriculation – 90% bumiputeras  Disproportionate funding: 96. Racial segregation (schools – neutral middle ground for communities to congregate?)  Article 153 – Special position for Malays  Rights for vernacular education/ religious education enshrined in social contract  Vernacular primary school system – national-type schools (e. 2. multi-linguistic and multi-religious society  Mr Lim Lian Geok. SJKC) – 99% Malay to national schools.75% students.s. . the former president of UCSCAM. increasing non-Chinese in Chinese schools  Wawasan Schools (Vision ‘’) – 3 schools with majority racial groups all present in same school compound but taught separately – was a failure Usage of Malay in Science & Mathematics Lack of quality teachers Rote-learning based  Fear of eroding use of Malay in S&M leading to poorer performance by Malay students  Other students unhappy as Malay has very limited usage in S&M following the rapid development.5% to national primary schools . 94% Chinese to SJKC. mostly done in English  Lower quality of education – constant changes in education medium – lack of properly trained teachers  Quota for all public service sectors: unqualified teachers to meet quota  PTS: allow students who ace them to skip Primary 4 – criticised for exam pressure . multi-cultural. and its value as important to us as our lives…and if any of you (Chinese) want to live a "true" Chinese.  limited context for interaction + more susceptible to stereotypical/biased view shared by community  racial polarisation  Dong Jiao Zong’s distinctive position for last 50 years: only the implementation of a multilingual school policy befits Malaysia's multi-ethnic.g.21% students. your children must be sent to a Chinese school.4% to Chinese p. 75% Indians to SJKT.Problems Rote-based learning Elitism Bilingualism Loss of cultural roots Specialised schools Science vs.

Muhyiddin. by the time the Minister announced. only one remained. who attended the ground-breaking ceremony of the Pagoh Education City here. PUGSOM .Brain drain Poor public school system  1995-2000 “Brain gain” scheme aims to attract 5000 talents annually – only attracted 94 scientists.  Most who can afford attends private schools – better quality of education  Income inequality: those who are poor will remain less educated The four universities are Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia research centre and Pagoh Polytechnic. Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Malaysia. the Government was also willing to offer special incentives for foreign universities to set up campuses there. added that besides bringing local universities to the new education city.

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