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The relationship of bones to each other and to other body structures provides a basic for understanding the function of other organisms. The axial skeleton and the Appendicular skeleton. 2. Cranial Bones- Frontal, Parietal, Temporal, Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid.

Facial Bones- Maxilla, Mandible, Zygomatic, Nasal Bone, Lacrimal Bone, Palatine Bone, Inferior nasal conchae, Vomer. 3. There are two fontanelles that are covered by tough membranes. Some sutures extend to the forehead, while others extend to the sides and back of the skull. One suture in the middle of the skull extends from the front of the head to the back. The major sutures of the skull include the following: metopic suture, coronal suture, sagittal suture, lambdoid suture. 4. The five pairs of sciences are the maxillary sinuses, the frontal sinuses, the ethmoid sinuses, the sphenoid sinuses. 5. The sinuses help lighten the skull and filter and humidify the airs going into our lungs. 6. The primary curve affects the lumbar spine. The secondary curves of the spine develop when a baby first starts to lift its head. 7. Some fracture types are:

Greenstick fracture: an incomplete fracture in which the bone is bent. This type occurs most often in children. Transverse fracture: a fracture at a right angle to the bone's axis. Oblique fracture: a fracture in which the break has a curved or sloped pattern. Comminuted fracture: a fracture in which the bone fragments into several pieces. An impacted fracture is one whose ends are driven into each other. This is commonly seen in arm fractures in children and is sometimes known as a buckle fracture. Other types of fracture are pathologic fracture, caused by a disease that weakens the bones, and stress fracture, a hairline crack. Other types of fracture are pathologic fracture, caused by a disease that weakens the bones, and stress fracture.

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8. Bone components of the thorax are: breast bone and ribs. 9. Bones of shoulder are: the clavicle, scapula, and humerus. Bones of pelvic girdle are: coxal bones , each of which contains three fused bones: the ilium, ishium, and pubis, the sacrum and coccyx.

Scoliosis. The arches of the foot are formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones and. patella. Kyphosis. hamate metacarpal bones phalanges Bones of leg: hip bone. Bones of arm: clavicle.Inward curvature of the spine. 11. trapezoid. scapula. Male skeleton is larger and heavier then a females skeleton. strengthened by ligaments and tendons. pisiform. Lordosis. proximal phalanges. capitate. humerus. triquetrum. radius. . The spine curves away from the middle or sideways. As you get older you lose bone density.10. metatarsals. fibula. Posture changes and you lose height. intermediate phalanges. 13. And the pelvises are different. femur. tibia. 12. tarsals. 14. trapezium. allow the foot to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least a curving of the spine that causes a bowing of the back.which leads to a hunchback or slouching posture. distal phalanges All the bones are very similar just different size. and ulna a curving of the spine. lunate.

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