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Introduction

Shortly after my mission for the LDS Church (I returned in mid-August 1972), I began having a problem with sleeping at night. I had insomnia. That may not be unusual for some people, but it was for me. I had a clear conscience, and was doing what I thought was right before God and my fellow man. Yet, as I would lie down at night, I could not sleep. I had many things pass through my mind on those sleepless nights. Among those things that came to my mind was that I should consider going into the US military. Now, to me this seemed a strange idea. It was during the time of the Vietnam War and I had a brother serving in the Army, who strongly discouraged my considering military service. Further, no where in my patriarchal blessing had it indicated or hinted at doing such a thing. And, I considered those blessings a guide and director for my life. I soon gave up that idea and moved onto other things to woo or ease my restless spirit. I finally hit upon the idea of going to California and try to bring the Gospel to my Dad‟s younger sister. So, I dropped out of school, quit my job, etc. and went to Yuba City, near Marysville, north of Sacramento. My aunt and her husband accepted me into their home. It soon became apparent that although they were glad to have me as a relative, that I was infringing on their lifestyle. I did not know what to do or where to turn. I prayed about my situation and decided to go back to school at the local community college. That was in January of 1973. I also became very active in various callings in the Church. In March my bishop called me into his office. He inquired as to my career plans. I expressed to him an interest in becoming a teacher, preferably as a Seminary or Institute teacher for the Church. He then said that I had been on his mind for over three weeks. He said that he had felt that the Lord wanted me to go into the Service and he felt that this was like a calling from the Lord. He wanted me to seriously consider it. I began speaking to recruiters from the various military services. Soon however, I had a „wake up‟ call in my life. I went home one day in April and I had a note on my bed that told me that I had two weeks to get out of the house. They didn‟t care where I went or what I did, but that I needed to leave (with no explanation as to why). I suspected that my strong convictions as a newly returned missionary for the Church had much to do with their decision to have me leave. I didn‟t even have a job, much less money to get a place to stay. Yet, I applied my faith and prayers. I found a job the day before I was to be out of their home and with an advance on my first check, I got a place to stay in a rundown furnished apartment. Whatever I had been thinking about before this, soon fled my mind, as I focused on providing the basic necessities of life. About a month or so passed away and my insomnia returned. I had entirely forgotten my previous experience, as well as, the good counsel that my bishop had given me. I felt my life was in such a complete mess, that I gave none of those things a thought. I

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When I received my orders in late September. but that is what I feel. In my high school days I had studied Latin and Spanish. I asked. I was reminded of the counsel from my good bishop. While I was awaiting my interview. which was required for one of the career fields for which I was being selected (Air Traffic Controller). I took a series of tests and a physical exam and soon found myself in Basic Training in San Diego. I realize that there is a war on. Shortly thereafter I was scheduled to have an interview about getting a security clearance. and the Air Force recruiters and I was nonplussed with their responses to my inquiries about enlisting. So. California. This paper is about Hebrew and perhaps through my writings. I expressed an interest in this field and the officer said that he would set me up for a Foreign Language Aptitude Test (FLAT). and religion of this fascinating people who have survived the trials and adversities of thousands of years. which opened my eyes to a much greater understanding of the Gospel and the Holy Scriptures. but who would have thought that a Mormon boy from Arizona would get to learn Hebrew.” As soon as the words came out of his mouth.kept having this gnawing feeling that there was something I was forgetting or that there was something I was supposed to do. I was soon introduced to the language. Wow. The things he said greatly interested me. I was directed to report to Washington D. the Army. I told him my situation and about my insomnia. Then. However. He said that he was going to be a linguist and travel around the world. He came over and invited me to go for a ride in his car. and at government expense? When I arrived there it was a few weeks until the course started. He and I had worked together at the institute. Brother Tingey was also serving as a councilor in the stake presidency. This paper is not 2 . It was an incredible experience. I spoke to a fellow from my same training company about what career field he was pursuing. for that had completely fled my thoughts and memory at that point. to learn HE. I did not complete the test and didn‟t expect much to come of it. He said “Brother White. So. I didn‟t mention the things the bishop had said. brother Lowell Tingey. One afternoon I called the director of the LDS Institute at the local college. but I didn‟t know what it was. etc. Previously. culture. I had spoken to the Marines. where I had served as the president of the LDS Student Association. I feel impressed to encourage you to go into the military service. Yes. I was being sent to the Foreign Service Institute to learn modern Hebrew. When it did. this time I decided to speak to the Navy people.C. I found that all of my teachers were native Israelis and all of them Jews. I had no idea what any of this meant or what language this code indicated. was I excited. Because of noise and interruptions. when the results came back I found out that I had successfully passed the exam. During my interview with the officer. you can have a greater appreciation for the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. etc. he spoke and gave me counsel.

intended in any way to be a reflection upon the Church and its teachings. Perhaps by writing this paper. for it was given unto as many as called upon God to write by the spirit of inspiration. And. so powerful was the word of Enoch. in the which was recorded. Our Heavenly Father gave the original language and its alphabet to Adam and Eve. Father also provided that His children should keep a written record. and the earth trembled. 6 And by them their children were taught to read and write. and so great was the power of the language which God had given him. The people were able to preserve a record of God‟s commandments and dealings with them. (I Nephi 4:14 – 16) It is because of the sacred record that has been passed down to us. God also provided a means to teach the Gospel to His children. and the rivers of water were turned out of their course. that we in the Last Days are blessed to look forward to the Coming of the Son of Man in great glory. in their written records. and the mountains fled. having a language which was pure and undefiled. Related scriptures: (Pearl of Great Price) Moses Chapter 6: 5 And a book of remembrance was kept. in the language of Adam. and the roar of the lions was heard out of the wilderness. in the alphabet itself. and he spake the word of the Lord. The Book of Mormon Ether Chapter 1 3 . and it is given in our own language. When we read the scriptures from our modern western perspective. who in turn passed it on to their children. Moses Chapter 7 13 And so great was the faith of Enoch that he led the people of God. according to the pattern given by the finger of God. so that His people could keep His commandments. for those who have eyes to see. you will see deep or sacred meanings to things that are taught in Holy places. and their enemies came to battle against them. nor is it intended to be complete. the original meanings of the words within the text are lost to us. I can help someone else gain an insight or understanding that was not there before. and all nations feared greatly. 46 For a book of remembrance we have written among us. our First Parents. even according to his command. In doing so.

and Jared and his brother were not confounded. wherefore I will cause in my own due time that these stones shall magnify to the eyes of men these things which ye shall write. Chapter 3 9 For then will I turn to the people a pure language. Old Testament – Zephaniah. that they may all call upon the name of the LORD. When the first man Adam gave the animals their names he used the same language. that he confound not their language. about the same time that the Sumerian and Egyptian cultures arose. Adam spoke in this language to his wife Eve (Chava – the „ch‟ is pronounced with a hard „kh‟ sound as in the name of the composer Bach) and taught it to his children. ye shall write them and shall seal them up. that they were not confounded. his brother. and a man highly favored of the Lord. Sumerians and Egyptians all used a similar style of pictographic writing.000 BC. at which time God came down and caused a confusion of their tongues or languages. when ye shall come unto me. 35 And it came to pass that the brother of Jared did cry unto the Lord. The Hebrews.34 And the brother of Jared being a large and mighty man. said unto him: Cry unto the Lord. the language which ye shall write I have confounded. When God organized the earth into existence he used a language. which he had learned from God. therefore he did not confound the language of Jared. that he will not confound us that we may not understand our words. 23 And behold. Is it 4 . 36 Then Jared said unto his brother: Cry again unto the Lord. Jared. The scriptures indicate that before the flood there was only one language spoken among men. that no one can interpret them. and the Lord had compassion upon their friends and their families also. Ether Chapter 3 22 And behold. and the Lord had compassion upon Jared. and ye shall seal them up also with the things which ye shall write. these two stones will I give unto thee. to serve him with one consent. His children then taught it to their children and down through the generations until the time of the Tower of Babel. 37 And it came to pass that the brother of Jared did cry unto the Lord. 24 For behold. and it may be that he will turn away his anger from them who are our friends. When he spoke to man he used the same language. It is interesting to note that the Tower of Babel occurred around 3. for ye shall write them in a language that they cannot be read.

and Tzadi. Between 2.000 and 1. but reversed the picture and the Hebrew aleph became the Greek alpha. Also Hebrew is written from right to left. the „Bet‟. comes from this same word.possible that all or many of these pictographs come from the original Adamic language prior to the Tower of Babel? ALPHABET 22 Letters. in the southwest corner of Arabia. the opposite of English. as they have two distinct written forms: when beginning a word and when placed at its ending. Let us look at the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The Romans then adopted the Greek alphabet sometimes with a few changes of their own. Let us look at the "aleph". five of which are known as double or mother letters. The Greeks adopted the Hebrew alphabet around 800 to 600 BC for their own use. The English alphabet uses the Latin (Roman) alphabet. It was also used in handshakes for completion of an agreement. which follows a very similar progression. Between 600 and 200 BC the Greek alphabet evolved into what is very close to the modern Greek alphabet. 5 . or son of righteousness. Mem. These letters are Kaf. meaning the home of the righteous. The left hand was used for the basal functions of the human body. the picture was simplified. The right hand was considered the hand of authority. the original Hebrew picture (paleo-Hebrew) for this letter was the head of an ox.000 BC. No Vowels The Hebrew language is comprised of 22 letters. to see the evolution from ancient Hebrew to our own modern English alphabet. Pey.000 BC. Approximately 3.” Yemen. For example. Both the ancient Sumerian and Egyptian language writing systems have a very similar picture of the Ox's head and the house. Nun. the name Benjamin means “Son of the right hand. the first letter of the Hebrew Alphabet.

Let us look at the second letter of Hebrew alphabet. which then follows a very similar progression and became our number two. Over the next couple of hundred years the aleph began to take a little different shape. which became our number one. The following is a chart containing both the ancient and modern Hebrew characters or letters and their meanings.NUMBERS The ancient cultures did not have a separate numbering system as we do today.000 BC. the „Bet‟ as it would have appeared around 3. The (Israeli) Jews still use this same system today. but instead used their alphabet to double as their numbering system. 6 . Around 200 BC the aleph transformed to a letter. Sometime between 1500 and 1000 BCE the Babylonian culture adopted the Hebrew alphabet for their Aramaic language. The aleph represented number 1.

Kh Lam L shepherd’s staff Water Seed. a covering or protection. Mighty. Son. To bind together. to plow and prepare Vav Zayin ‫ה‬ Soft H Waw Zan W. private basket. Heir. Blood. tongue Chaos. Water of Life Mem ‫ל‬ L Mem Nun Sin M N S ‫מ‬ ‫נ‬ ‫ס‬ M N S Continue. to cover Tet ‫ח‬ KH Thet Th ‫ט‬ T Yad Y. hand open in cupping shape. E Man with arms raised Look. into. Reveal. to conceal that which is Holy or sacred Gimel Dal D Door Dalet ‫ד‬ D Hey H. O. Nun activity. Arm extended with hand in cupping shape. O. Hang. a square bend. to make. Priesthood. separate. cut off. Hate. receive. Leader. Hook. movement Thorn Yoke. I Arm and closed hand Yod ‫י‬ Y Kaph K. Protect. nail. V G Family. Kh Open palm Kaf ‫כ‬ K. allow. life Grab. Secure. Contain. House. Mud. hedge all living. In. to combine Lamed or join. to receive. first Modern Modern Modern Name Hebrew Sound Aleph ‫א‬ ‫ב‬ ‫ג‬ A B. A Samech 7 . Worship. a snake Surround. (other) Half . open. to go forth. revelation Add to. Walk. to have faith. peg Cut. All things in one great whole. man’s Beit first home Gather. ring/circle Work. Tent wall. to connect or seal. Power. divide. Eve – mother of Chet fence. Entrance. hands upraised in prayer in Hey thanksgiving to God. Messiah. Bh G Literal Meaning or Picture Ox head Tent floor plan Foot Meaning Strength. window.Ancient Name Al Bet Gam Ancient Hebrew Ancient Sound A B. U Z Khets Hh outside. to lift up Move. U Tent peg Z Mattock ‫ו‬ ‫ז‬ V. Serpent. Breath (of life/Spirit of God). tame. Throw. To.

covenant. top. not merely to punish. Circle. catch. leader. glottal stop P. destroy. beginning. token Quph ‫צ‬ Ts or Tz Quph Q Sun on the horizon Head of a man Two front teeth Crossed sticks ‫ק‬ Q Rosh Shin R Sh Resh Shin ‫ר‬ ‫ש‬ R Sh. edge. speak to God. to conform (or bow down) to the bounds that the Tsadi Lord has set. scatter. gnashing of teeth mark. last. experience. sign (of the cross/serpent on pole). See. Know. God knows or sees all things. lip Silent. S Taw T Tav ‫ת‬ T 8 . Ph Mouth Pey ‫פ‬ Tsad Ts Man on his side. desire Condense. eat. word. fish hook wait (upon the Lord). Ph Ghan Gh Eye Ayin ‫ע‬ Pey P. (notice sun stones on temples) first. to be righteous. be open. chase. behind. highest sharp. Time.reminder that the trials of life are meant to teach. Watch. All Seeing Eye of God blow. harvest. monument.

the Holy Priesthood. a yoke would be attached to the bull and a load such as a wagon or plow could be attached to the yoke. To harness this strength.Ancient Hebrew Root Word Study God Picture/Hebrew letter: The head of a bull or oxen Culture: A nomad had within his herds and flocks. water and the fold in the evening. camels. Meaning: A strong and powerful one Pronunciation: "A" (as in "father") Additional comment: Represents the beginning or creation of all things. (A side comment – a shepherd is NOT a sheepherder. power Pronunciation: "L" Additional comment: Means to connect. Of all these animals. the bull was the strongest and most powerful. the power of God. donkeys and cattle. the other follows and gathers). One leads and calls. to bind together (to seal on earth and in Heaven. or the curved end could be used to pull the sheep toward him. many types of animal livestock sheep. Picture: A Shepherd‟s Staff or crook Culture: The staff was used to direct a sheep toward the correct direction.) 9 . Meaning: Authority. Anciently kings used a staff as a token of their power or authority to rule and reign. With the staff in his hand. goats. the shepherd would lead his sheep to pastures. At times it was also used to chastise a disobedient sheep.

less experienced bull in order to lead the younger and teach him. Meaning: a powerful one.22). 10 . more experienced bull (leader in authority) would be teamed up (yoked) with a younger. which created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 14. A Hebrew saw the creator of heaven and earth as an "AL" because the creator was the ultimate in power and strength. the one we call "God". Qualifiers are also used when referring to other gods such as "foreign AL" (Ps 81. to connect Heaven and Earth. Hebrew Letter: Strong Authority (or God) Culture: Two bulls were often yoked together (a staff on the shoulder) in order to pull a load such as a wagon or a plow. to bind or seal on Earth and in Heaven. Pronunciation: "AYL" Additional Comments: "AL" can also apply to the great power and authority.9).22).17). The Creator of heaven and earth. "AL (pronounced AYL) the Most High. The ancient Hebrew also saw himself as the younger (the son of God) less experienced bull that is yoked to "AL" (God) in order to learn how to walk just as He does." (Gen 14. "the great AL.Picture. which leads. An older. mighty and awesome" (Deu 10. Hebrews usually used qualifying descriptions when referring to "AL" the almighty God such as. An alternative meaning.

The Tent The tent was divided into two parts. Saudi Arabia we saw a place that made these tents for 11 . the protector. The door of the tent is the most important part of the tent. The door of the tent also served as a covering of the sacred inwards parts of the home. The king anciently. "He [Abraham] was sitting at the entrance of the tent as the day grew hot" (Genesis 18:1).. The door of the tent may also be equated with the throne of a king. the father of the family is the "king". The hair is spun into strands which are then weaved together forming panels approximately 2 feet wide and the length of the tent. In the Hebrew culture. but its function as the entrance into the tent. The only person allowed into the women‟s section. Tents are constructed of black goat or camel hair. is the men's section. like the tent curtains of Solomon. although some kings (and fathers) do. Very little is discarded as much work is invested in their materials including the tent. the one who holds full authority over the family." (SS 1.” This letter is a representation of the floor plan of the tent. Over time. The Bedouin nomads of the Middle East still live in these kinds of tents. The other (more private and sacred) section is the women‟s section. not because of its appearance. This word "dalet" is also the name of another Hebrew letter . with a wall dividing the two parts. is the father of the tent (or little boys). behind the tent door. "home" or “room. The entrance to the tent was covered by a curtain. All family legal matters were performed at the tent door. was considered not only the „ruler. The word "beit" is not only the name of a letter. not to be tyrant or dictator. which hung down from the top of the entrance. The pieces of the tent. The nomadic rules of hospitality are very strict and complex. or the "home" of the nomadic Hebrew shepherds. When I lived in Hail. Notice the similarity to the Pictographic Hebrew letter "beyt" . The Hebrew word "dal" means to "hang down" and is the root for the word "dalet" meaning "door". "Dark am I . dark like the tents of Kedar..5). the panels begin to bleach from exposure to the sun and are periodically replaced. but is also a common Hebrew word meaning.‟ but the preserver of the peace. The main section. a representation of the tent door. The father will often sit at his tent door much like a king will sit on a throne. he was to preside (just as the sun rules or „presides‟ over the day) over the people. Here he watched over his household as well as watch over his flock and for passing travelers. which are removed are recycled into walls or mats.

The fibers expand. 2) The walls of the tent could be lifted to allow the breeze to pass through the tent. (pronounced like khet) a word meaning "wall" or “fence”. Rain Like any other cloth. additional panels were added to increase the size of the tent. Heat A tent provided shade from the sun. The size of the tent will depend on the size and wealth of the family. Light coming through the black roof appears as stars in the night sky. The wealthier families will have separate tents for the wife or women. The goat/camel hair tent is unique in that it is perfectly suited for the desert regions of the Middle East.1. the father would often sit at his door watching his family. forming a watertight roof. do not hold back.2). and spreads them out like a tent to live in" (Isaiah 40. Another Hebrew letter derived from the tent itself is the letter "chet". Cold The black tent absorbs heat keeping the tent warm. lengthen your cords. This letter in the ancient pictographic script is . a picture of a wall as can be seen in the above picture. livestock and the road for travelers (Genesis 18. "He stretches out the heavens like a canopy. "Enlarge the place of your tent. As the family grew. such as Abraham had for Sarah. 12 . During the strong heat of the day. strengthen your stakes" (Isaiah 54:2). there is space between the hair fabric. When the hair fibers get wet from the rains. A fire is also built just inside the door for warmth. stretch your tent curtains wide.the Bedouins.

"I will drive him like a peg (or nail – allusion to the crucifixion) into a sure place. The word "vav" is also a word in the Hebrew language meaning "peg". is a place of beauty. children. all residing in one camp and may contain as many as 50 to 100 tents laid out in a circular pattern. The camp. When the clan becomes too large for one area to support. The walls of the tent are laid on the top of the ropes allowing the wind to pass over the tent. The family. of the Tribe of Israel. etc. The clan consisted of the extended family.” .Wind Strong ropes. parents and grandparents. The word "sure" in the previous passage is the Hebrew word "aman" and is often translated as "believe" and related to “amen” which means “let it be done. All the clans (all being descended from one ancestor) may cover hundreds of square miles making up the tribe and have one family name. of the clan of Levi. love. which held up the tent. as seen above. The Nomadic family consisted of the beit (house. mishpahkhah (clan or extended family) and matteh (tribe).23). The house of Moses. aunts. As an example. The Hebrew letter "vav" (or waw) is a representation of the pegs used to secure the tent. secured by pegs driven into the ground. he will be a seat of honor for the house of his father" (Isaiah 22. warmth and comfort. cousins. Chanan is a Hebrew word („ch‟ pronounced as the „ch‟ in Bach) often translated as "grace" but in Hebrew is understood as a "camp". the tribe splits into two clans (see Genesis 13). uncles. family). grandparents. all resided in one tent or group of tents. 13 . supported the poles.

words and ideas are taught by using other concepts. and of such as have cattle. living in tents and raising livestock. When the livestock consumed the edible vegetation in one area. The Tent The tent is a very important part of the nomad‟s life. you are probably familiar with these stakes.Hebrew Word Studies Believe The Hebrew language developed in a nomadic agricultural culture. etc. The more we understand their way of life and culture. If you wanted to teach your children what it means to believe. the herder would then pack up his tent and his belongings and move on to better grazing land. words and ideas are much easier. The subject we are going to cover here is a prime example. as students of scripture. how would you do it? If you think about it. because we can better understand the author's message if we better understand his language. For those who have camped before. Probably the most famous nomad in the scriptures is Abraham. donkeys. He traveled a great deal throughout the land of the Middle East or Holy Land. goats. This benefits us. sheep. Since the Hebrew language is a task-oriented language. teaching these concepts. What is 14 . By looking at the many words derived from this shelter we have tangible." We know that Jabal and his descendents were nomads from the simple fact they lived in tents and raised livestock. the more we can understand their language. hands on tools with which to teach our children the basic concepts in the scriptures. The Hebrew word used in the above for cattle is "miqneh" which actually means any livestock. a descendent of Adam through Cain. words and ideas. "And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents. Because of this. it is very difficult thing to do. This could be cattle. A tent (ohel in Hebrew) is a portable shelter for the purpose of moving from one grazing place to another. Often this is a very difficult task to accomplish. We will be looking at a tent stake. much of the language is centered on this lifestyle. The Nomads In Genesis 4:20 we read about the first Nomad Jabal. In our culture. concepts.

Abram will support (or follow) God even in the storms of life. You need very firm ground to hold it in. Genesis 15:6 "Abram believed the LORD." Abram believed the LORD. the tension on the rope will pull the stake right out. it says he was firm in (obeying) God. God made this promise to Abram because he was firm in his obedience to God. my decrees and my laws (Torah in Hebrew)". From Genesis 26:5 we see that he was firm in his obedience to God 15 . my commands. The problem with this is that the Hebrew verb "aman" means more than just knowing something to be true. and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed.' We usually read this to mean that Abram believed God's promise in verse 5." Here we have the stake (peg/nail) being driven into a "firm" or sure place. The Hebrew word translated as "firm" here is the verb "aman" which literally means. we desire to find a spot where the ground will be firm. When setting up our tent. The Hebrew in Genesis 15:6 does not say Abram believed God. "Look up at the heavens and count the stars--if indeed you can count them.the most important factor when placing your tent stakes? The ground. The ideal ground would require a hammer to beat the stake in. Why did God give this promise to Abram? Genesis 26:4. If you drive a peg or stake into soft ground.5 "I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and I will give them all these lands. because Abraham obeyed me and kept my requirements. Let us now look at a passage of Scripture that uses this "concept". In ground like this the stake will remain secure in its position even in a strong wind. Let us now look at another passage using this same verb and see what it says.6 '[God] took [Abram] outside and said. and He credited it to him as righteousness. and he credited it to him as righteousness" The word "believed" is the very same Hebrew verb "aman". The picture we have from this is that Abram was firm in his devotion to God. The question we now ask is how did Abram remain firm? The verse just previous to this states: Genesis 15:5. Isaiah 22:23 "I will drive him like a peg (or nail) into a sure place. "So shall your offspring be. he will be a seat of honor for the house of his father. Just as a stake planted in firm ground supports the tent even in a storm. Believe This verb "aman" is used 110 times in the Old Testament." Then he said to him. "to be firm or sure".

I will divide Shechem r in Rezin and Remaliah's son even them that r in my highness as thou didst r at the Lev 23:40 Deut 12:7 Deut 26:83 Deut 30:9 Deut 32:43 Ps 2:11 Ps 9:14 Ps 20:5 Ps 32:11 Ps 48:11 Ps 68:3 Ps 96:11 Ps 108:7 Is 8:6 Is 13:3 Eze 35:15 8055 8055 7797 7797 7442 1523 1523 7442 1524 8055 7797 8056 5937 4885 5947 8057 16 . To demonstrate this study process let us research the word "rejoice" as found in the King James Version. O ye nations. . with his people with fear. REJOICE (192) ye shall r before the LORD your ye shall r in all that ye put so the LORD will r over you to will again r over thee for good R. The left column is a portion of the verse containing the word "rejoice" (identified as "r"). and r Let mount Zion r. and r with trembling I will r in thy salvation We will r in thy salvation. let the yea. Below is an example of what you will see in the concordance (The verses listed below are only a portion of what is actually found in the concordance). To begin we look up the word "rejoice" in the concordance. How to use a Bible and Concordance In order to make a proper interpretation of the Biblical text one must view the text from an ancient Hebrew's perspective rather than from our modern western perspective.and his Torah. The middle column is the verse location and the right column identifies the Strong's number assigned to the Hebrew word translated as "rejoice" in that verse. Even if you do not know Hebrew there are resources available to assist you in your studies of the Hebrew text behind the English translation. and let the I will r. Some of the resources you will need are an English translation of the Bible and a concordance with Strong's dictionary keyed to the translation you are using such as the Strong's Concise Concordance. and in Be glad in the LORD. let them exceedingly r Let the heavens r.

jou {3x}. joyous {3x}. to shout (usually for joy):. from 1523. i.rejoice {95x}. go through each of the numbers in our notebook and write in their concrete meanings. a primitive root. 5937. joy {1x}. mirth {1x}. properly to spin round (under the influence of any violent emotion). The next step is to look up each of these numbers in the dictionary in the back of the concordance. but it is an English word used to translate several different Hebrew words. delight {1x}. concrete (the cause or object) or abstract (the feeling):. shout aloud {1x}. ‫שמח‬sameach {23x}. or (as crying) fear:. i.rejoice {20x}. of your sort {1x}. joyful {2x}. 7797. shout {4x}. {3x}. glad {4x}. rejoice {11x}. joy {2x}. sing for joy {2x}. from 5937. sing aloud {4x}. 1524. a primitive root. 5947. ‫עליז‬alliyz {7x}. joy {5x}. 4885. glad {45x}. 8055. misc. 1523. cheerful:. joyful {3x}. rejoice {2x}. The concrete meaning of the word is what we are looking for as this would be the more ancient Hebraic meaning of the word and gives a better understanding of what this word implies. "joyful". probably to brighten up i. ‫גיל‬giyl {10x}. 17 . ‫שמח‬samach {152x}. joyful {2x}. to be bright. also joy:. from 7797. usually rejoice. ‫משוש‬masows {17x}. "joy" and "delight" (abstracts). In your notebook you will record each of the Strong's numbers. 7442.The first thing we notice in this study is that the King James Version uses the word "rejoice" 192 times (this number is located after the heading "Rejoice"). an age).rejoice {27x}.e. 8056. crieth {2x}.joy {12x} mirth {3x}. When we look up the number "1523" we find that the Hebrew word is "guwl" and means to "spin round" (concrete) and is translated in the King James Version as "rejoice". exceedingly {1x}. a primitive root. (figuratively) be blithe or gleesome:. ‫עלז‬alaz {16x}.rejoice {3x}. cry out {2x}. greatly {1x}. i. joyful {4x}. Below is what you will find in the concordance for each of these numbers. ‫רנן‬ranan {52x}.e. a primitive root. {3x}. to jump for joy i. triumph {2x}. a revolution (of time.sing {20x}. glad {10x}. misc. ‫גול‬guwl {44x}. merry {2x}. a primitive root. from 8055.e. blithe or gleeful:.e. "glad".rejoice {4x}.rejoice {12x}. properly to creak (or emit a stridulous sound). Next. gladness {2x}. exultant:.e. exult:. delight. i. ‫שוש‬suws {27x}. glad {4x}. shout for joy {3x}.e.rejoice {11x}.

We can now do a study on the actual Hebrew words themselves. merrily {1x}. Therefore we can see that a "religious festival" is a "bright" time and a time of blithe or glee. To do this we look at the dictionary entry for this Hebrew word and write down all translations for this word. We now have a more concrete Hebraic understanding of these Hebrew words as seen below. glad. gladness {31x}. If we wanted to study the Hebrew word "guwl" (#1523) we can look up every place in the Bible where this occurs. The number in brackets after each word tells you how many times this Hebrew word is translated with that English word. blithesomeness or glee (religious or festival):joy {44x}. and went unto their tents j for the LORD had made them j And my soul shall be j in the LORD 1Kin 8:66 Ezr 6:22 Ps 35:9 8056 8055 1523 18 . happy religious festival Notice that the Hebrew word "simchah" (#8057) is derived from "sameach" (#8056). M and Ch in common. 1523 1524 4885 5937 5947 7442 7797 8055 8056 8057 guwl giyl masows alaz aliyz ranan suws samach sameach simchah spin round revolution an object of delight jump exalt (lift up) shout bright bright blithe. {6x}. which in turn is derived from "samach" (#8055) being the primitive root to the other two. both meaning to go around in a circle.merry {3x}. mirth {8x}. rejoice {3x}. the original root and all three will be related in meaning. delight. misc. 8057. We can go back into the concordance and look up the word "joyful" and scan down the right column looking for the 4 times the number 1523 appears as in the abbreviated example below. For example. ‫שמחה‬simchah {94x}. the Hebrew word "guwl" is translated as "joyful" 4 times. from 8056. All three of these words have the three letters S. JOYFUL (25) king. joyful. We also find a similar relationship between "guwl" (#1523) and "giyl" (#1524). rejoicing {2x}. merryhearted {1x}. rejoice.

to be a j mother of children of Zion be j in their King In the day of prosperity be j and be j. O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people. Isaiah 49:13 Sing. 19 . Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD. and break forth into singing. Psalm 35:9 And my soul shall "spin around" in the LORD: It shall rejoice in his salvation. O earth. Psalm 149:2 Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion "spin around" in their King. as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments. O earth make them j in my house of prayer my soul shall be j in my God Ps 113:9 Ps 149:2 Eccl 7:14 Is 49:13 Is 56:7 Is 61:10 8056 1523 2896 1523 8055 1523 We can now look up the verses above containing the word "guwl" (#1523) and read them interjecting our new understanding of the Hebrew word behind the English translation. O heavens. he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness. my soul shall "spin around" in my God. and will have mercy upon his afflicted. and "spin around". for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation. and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.