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# Akram Ayache Material Derivative

:

AUB MECH-314: Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Final Cheat Sheet

D Π = ∂ Π + (V ∙ ∇)Π Conservation of Mass: 0= ∂ ρd + ρ (V / ∙d ) 0 = ∂ ρ + ∇ ∙ ρV 0 = ∂ ρ + ρ∇ ∙ V + V ∙ ∇ρ

Using ∂ ρ = 0 and Ma < 0.3 we get incompressible continuity: ∇ ∙ V = 0 Conservation of Linear Momentum: ∑F = ∂ ρV d + ρV (V / ∑F − ∙d ) a dm = ∂
/

ρg − ∇P + ∇ ∙ τ = ρD V

/

ρV d +

ρV (V /

∙d )

∑F − ma g ρ g g ∂ τ +∂ τ ∂ P − ∂ P + ∂ τ +∂ τ ∂P ∂ τ +∂ τ

=m u −mu ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V =ρ ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V

+∂ τ +∂ τ +∂ τ

For Newtonian Fluids τ = µ∇V and τ = τ = µ(∂ V + ∂ V ) thus momentum balance yields the Navier-Stokes Equation: ρg − ∇P + µ∇ V = ρD V g ρ g g ∂ V +∂ V +∂ V ∂ P − ∂ P +µ ∂ V +∂ V +∂ V ∂P ∂ V +∂ V +∂ V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V =ρ ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V

For Inviscid Flow we set τ ≡ 0 thus momentum balance yields the Euler Equation: ρg − ∇P = ρD V g ρ g g Bernoulli’s Equation: This equation applies for frictionless flow along a streamline: 1 ∂ V ds + dp + VdV + gdz = 0 ρ Conservation of Angular Momentum: ∑M = ∂ ρ r×V d + ρ r × V (V / ∙d ) Euler’s Turbine Formula: T = ρQ r V − r V Sprinkler Formula: ω = Conservation of Energy: D E=0=D Q +D W = ∂ ρed + ρ h + 0.5V + gz V / ∙d −
ρ

∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V ∂ P ∂ P =ρ ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V − ∂ P ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V +V ∂ V

If we assume the flow steady and incompressible and integrate over a streamline we get: p −p V −V + + g(z − z ) = 0 ρ 2

; Q=VnA

DW =−

ρ V/

∙d

DW =

τ ∙ V/

∙d