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SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise XI 4.0 Glossary ■ SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise XI 4.

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2010-11-16

Copyright

© 2010 SAP AG. All rights reserved.SAP, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, Duet, PartnerEdge, ByDesign, SAP Business ByDesign, and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and other countries. Business Objects and the Business Objects logo, BusinessObjects, Crystal Reports, Crystal Decisions, Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, and other Business Objects products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Business Objects S.A. in the United States and in other countries. Business Objects is an SAP company.All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained in this document serves informational purposes only. National product specifications may vary.These materials are subject to change without notice. These materials are provided by SAP AG and its affiliated companies ("SAP Group") for informational purposes only, without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP Group shall not be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP Group products and services are those that are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services, if any. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty. 2010-11-16

Contents

Chapter 1

SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary................................................................................5

Chapter 2

Dashboards and Visualization Glossary...............................................................................11

Chapter 3

Dashboard Design and Presentation Design Glossary.........................................................15

Chapter 4

SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary...........................................................................19

Chapter 5

Information Design Tool Glossary.........................................................................................29

Chapter 6

BI Workspaces Glossary.......................................................................................................33

Chapter 7

SAP BusinessObjects Mobile Glossary................................................................................35

Chapter 8

SAP Crystal Reports 2011 Glossary.....................................................................................37

Chapter 9 Index

Data Federation Administration Tool Glossary.....................................................................41 45

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analysis type A visualization for viewing your data to perform analysis.SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary administration rights The level of security that determines whether you can administrate Polestar or not. You can filter your data further with Category facets. breadcrumb A visual path of your exploration. Authentication Type The verification of the identity of a user and the user's eligibility to access an object. Clicking the button changes the visualization. content search facet 5 2010-11-16 . application server Software that provides an interface between an operating system and the application programs of users. The value is applied to a measure. Sum. Min. such as a vertical bar chart. For example. CMS Add-On The necessary components that are added to the CMS during the installation of Polestar. aggregated value A value that has been created using aggregation methods (None. Max. Count. The button is used with other Breakdown buttons and allows you to focus upon a dimension or measure. A Category facet can be Suggested or Selected. and Average) during the Universe design. comparison analysis type An Analysis type used for viewing the differences between values via a chart. a Comparison Analysis type is used for viewing the differences between values. charttype A chart that is categorized under Analysis type. For example. category facet A type of facet available to you within the Exploration tab. One example is Windows NT Authentication. breakdown button A button within the Exploration tab that corresponds to one of the chosen exploration values. the Comparison Analysis type includes a vertical bar chart. Category facets are grouped and allow you to select categories and their values.

data table The raw data of your Information Space in Polestar displayed in a table. for example a pie chart. The facet construction is based upon the context of the Space. faceted navigation The ability to navigate through a collection of objects by selecting facet labels. contribution analysis type An Analysis type used for viewing distribution of values. Control click A method of selecting multiple values within an application. Often maps to a data record field or attribute. This tab is the entry point to Polestar. Home A tab that allows users to perform a search within Polestar. exploration interface The user interface that allows the exploration of Information Spaces. Control A key on the keyboard of your computer. facet A collection of possible values (labels) available to the user. For example: the Genre facet of a Music library incorporates values such as Rock'n Roll. Faceted Navigation has the following characteristics: • Select Labels to refine the search result set. • Guide users by presenting Facets and Labels in a particular order. It groups concepts based on a category. highlight To display data or objects in order to make it more obvious. folder A location for storing objects.SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary A type of facet used to aid content search via keywords. Classic. creation rights The level of security that determines whether you can create Information Spaces within Polestar or not. The facet construction is based upon the keywords used. indexing 6 2010-11-16 . database Accumulation of data stored and arranged in a software program. exploration facet A type of facet used to aid navigation through an Information Space. divider A control used in applications to modify the size of pane items. This accomplished by pressing the Control key and using the mouse. and Pop. • Ensure Facet and Labels which lead to an empty result are not displayed.

logon Pertaining to a procedure for a user to begin a session within the application by identifying themselves with a username. PDF A document format that preserves the layout of a document when it is distributed between different systems. Manage Spaces A tab that allows users to administrate Polestar. and Authentication Type. numeric formatting. Information Space owner A Polestar user who created an Information Space. Objects A tab within the Information Space creation and Information Space modification dialogs. and modifying the Information Space properties. locale A definition of a user's environment. See also PDF. Portable Document Format A document format that preserves the layout of a document when it is distributed between different systems. Information Space) into a cache suitable for easy search and retrieval. For example: 2004. keyword search A method that allows users to search for data containing the words they have entered. SAP key date A time-dependent object that influences the data retrieved for a dimension. and currency. the visualization is impacted. It corresponds to the measures and dimensions displayed by the chart. 2005. 7 2010-11-16 . See also Portable Document Format. and 2007 are possible values for a Year facet. Used for displaying. logoff Pertaining to a procedure for a user to end their session within the application. and can be used for analysis. Properties A tab within the Information Space dialog. It specifies conventions for the culture and language of the environment. password. legend A data grid within the Exploration tab that displays data based upon the chart. such as time formatting. 2006.SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary A process of sorting and converting data (from an Universe. label A value within a facet. When clicked and a value is selected. Used for selecting and modifying the Universe objects that make up your Information Spaces. for example: Information Space creation. measure facet A type of facet that represents measures within Polestar. they are the owner of that Space. creating.

for example. the search display the results according to the relevance score. where a score of 1 indicates a weak match. The administrator can choose how often Scheduling occurs via the Admin tab such as on a daily basis. A score of 5 would indicate the object has a strong match to 'wine sales'. search phrase A phrase composed of keywords used for searching. trend analysis type An analysis type used for viewing trends in your data. test. It corresponds to the objects used within your Information Space.SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary SAP key figure An SAP object that is interpreted within Polestar as a measure with a unit dimension. tab A navigational pane that contains an individual Polestar subject matter (such as Administration. and currency. Search Server A server that is part of the Polestar framework. Search Results A tab that displays the results of a search performed within the Home tab. You can use facets and perform further keyword searches to retrieve the most relevant asset or Information Space. handles search queries. Search Results). tooltip A small pop-up window with descriptive text. Scheduling The indexing of an Information Space on a recurring basis. variables include key date. SAP variable A SAP object that is interpreted as a filter within Polestar. selected facet A Category facet that is available to you during navigation. score The relevance of an object that is dependent upon search input. They are displayed when you click a value within a Suggested facet. It corresponds to the objects used within your Information Space. viewing rights 8 2010-11-16 . They contain values that you have not selected but possibly are what you are looking for. search engine Software used to search for information and websites found on the internet. For example: you have searched for 'wine sales'. Only one tab can be active at a time. suggested facet A Category facet that is available to you for navigation. For example. They are used with other tabs and you can switch between them via a mouse click. Google and AltaVista.

9 2010-11-16 . a chart. A web server hosts pages. programs. web server A machine or application that serves web pages over the Internet or intranet. which sends files to a client web browser. scripts. For example. visualization The method of representing raw data so certain patterns are noticeable.SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary The level of security that determines what a you can view or cannot view within the application. or a table. viewing certain assets or Spaces. For example. Web Application Server Components The components required by the Web Application Server of Polestar. and multimedia files and then serves them using HTTP.

SAP BusinessObjects Explorer Glossary 10 2010-11-16 .

calendar component A connector component that can be added to a model to allow users to select data values. satisfactory. This component is available in the Other component category. chart component 11 2010-11-16 . background component A prebuilt artwork element that can be added to a model to provide a visual background and create visual divisions or group related components. colored areas are created by connecting the plotted points agains the horizontal axis. For each series. A marker on the bar indicates the target or performance goal and changing color hues behind the bar indicate qualitative ranges of performance.Dashboards and Visualization Glossary Dashboards and Visualization Glossary area chart A chart with vertical and horizontal axes where each point along the horizontal axis represents a data point. canvas container component A component that can be added to a model to contain other components and create multilayer models. canvas The main work area where users place and manipulate components to create a visual model of data. The canvas component has no art or background and is not visible to users at runtime. This chart is useful to emphasize a trend line such as stock prices or revenue history. For example. The actual values for each data point are plotted against the vertical axis. Similar to column charts and stacked bar charts. this component does not hold or contain other components: it just creates a visual distinction between areas. current year-to-date revenue) that is displayed as a vertical or horizontal bar. or good. The bullet chart has a single primary measure (for example. bullet chart A chart that displays information in a condensed. this chart may be used to show the quarterly headcount by region. Unlike container components. bar chart A chart that represents data as a horizontal line or bar and shows or compares one or more items over a period of time or in a specific range of values. Similar to stacked area charts. art and background component An element that can be added to a model to enhance the look with images and colors. such as poor. simple format and can have either a vertical or a horizontal orientation.

Crystal Reports Data Consumer connection A data connection type that allows a model included in a Crystal Report to retrieve information from Crystal Reports. maps. the points slide to their new position as the data changes. component A visual element that can be added to a model and linked to data to create a visual representation of that data. dial component A single-value component that resembles a dial and represents a variable that can be modified to affect other components. in bar charts the bars gradually increase or decrease in size and. such as Dynamic Visibility. For example to examine stocks. For example. column chart A chart that represents data as vertical lines or columns and shows or compares one or more items over a period of time or in a specific range of values. It also embeds metadata in the Flash (SWF) file that Crystal Reports uses to bind Crystal Reports data with the Dashboard Design model. component browser A panel that lists all the components available in the product so users can add them to their models. 12 2010-11-16 . can then be applied to the container to affect the container and all components grouped within the container. and trends. Similar to bar charts and stacked column charts. line charts. charts. Other features. a line series might show the historical stock price throughout the year and a column chart might show the volume of trading for that stock. Users click an arrow to see a vertical list of options and then select an item from the list. in point-based charts. patterns. data animation A chart feature that creates a sense of movement when data values change. pie charts. connection refresh button An element that can be added to a model to allow users to manually refresh data connections at runtime. check-box component A selector component that can be added to a model to allow users to toggle between two states: checked and unchecked. combo box component A selector component that can be added to a model to create a drop-down list. For example. container component An element that can be added to a model to contain or group other components. Users rotate the dial to select the desired value. For example. selectors. this chart may be used to show the quarterly headcount by region. gauges. For example. combination chart A chart that has both columns and lines to represent information and is often used to display a range of values and a trend line for those values.Dashboards and Visualization Glossary An element that can be added to a model to create a visual representation of data to make it easier for users to see comparisons. bar charts.

and the populations within which relationships are quantified. Similar to a slider component but the dual slider allows users to adjust both the minimum and maximum value for the variable. goals.Dashboards and Visualization Glossary dual slider component A single-value component that allows users to adjust the value of a variable by moving a marker along a range of values. embedded spreadsheet The fully functional Excel spreadsheet built into the product and used to store data that can be linked to components to create models of data. model A user-specified configuration of the predictive calculation engine containing influencers. 13 2010-11-16 .

Dashboards and Visualization Glossary 14 2010-11-16 .

colored areas are created by connecting the plotted points agains the horizontal axis. Unlike container components. such as poor. This chart is useful to emphasize a trend line such as stock prices or revenue history. Similar to stacked area charts. art and background component An element that can be added to a model to enhance the look with images and colors. simple format and can have either a vertical or a horizontal orientation. calendar component A connector component that can be added to a model to allow users to select data values. The actual values for each data point are plotted against the vertical axis.Dashboard Design and Presentation Design Glossary Dashboard Design and Presentation Design Glossary area chart A chart with vertical and horizontal axes where each point along the horizontal axis represents a data point. canvas The main work area where users place and manipulate components to create a visual model of data. canvas container component A component that can be added to a model to contain other components and create multilayer models. this chart may be used to show the quarterly headcount by region. or good. bullet chart A chart that displays information in a condensed. current year-to-date revenue) that is displayed as a vertical or horizontal bar. The canvas component has no art or background and is not visible to users at runtime. For example. satisfactory. The bullet chart has a single primary measure (for example. This component is available in the Other component category. this component does not hold or contain other components: it just creates a visual distinction between areas. A marker on the bar indicates the target or performance goal and changing color hues behind the bar indicate qualitative ranges of performance. bar chart A chart that represents data as a horizontal line or bar and shows or compares one or more items over a period of time or in a specific range of values. Similar to column charts and stacked bar charts. background component A prebuilt artwork element that can be added to a model to provide a visual background and create visual divisions or group related components. For each series. chart component 15 2010-11-16 .

data animation A chart feature that creates a sense of movement when data values change. container component An element that can be added to a model to contain or group other components. column chart A chart that represents data as vertical lines or columns and shows or compares one or more items over a period of time or in a specific range of values. combo box component A selector component that can be added to a model to create a drop-down list. For example. Users click an arrow to see a vertical list of options and then select an item from the list. connection refresh button An element that can be added to a model to allow users to manually refresh data connections at runtime. 16 2010-11-16 . Other features. bar charts. component A visual element that can be added to a model and linked to data to create a visual representation of that data. It also embeds metadata in the Flash (SWF) file that Crystal Reports uses to bind Crystal Reports data with the Dashboard Design model. and trends.Dashboard Design and Presentation Design Glossary An element that can be added to a model to create a visual representation of data to make it easier for users to see comparisons. in bar charts the bars gradually increase or decrease in size and. For example. can then be applied to the container to affect the container and all components grouped within the container. charts. this chart may be used to show the quarterly headcount by region. check-box component A selector component that can be added to a model to allow users to toggle between two states: checked and unchecked. Similar to bar charts and stacked column charts. For example. For example. combination chart A chart that has both columns and lines to represent information and is often used to display a range of values and a trend line for those values. the points slide to their new position as the data changes. For example to examine stocks. pie charts. a line series might show the historical stock price throughout the year and a column chart might show the volume of trading for that stock. selectors. Crystal Reports Data Consumer connection A data connection type that allows a model included in a Crystal Report to retrieve information from Crystal Reports. in point-based charts. maps. dial component A single-value component that resembles a dial and represents a variable that can be modified to affect other components. gauges. component browser A panel that lists all the components available in the product so users can add them to their models. patterns. Users rotate the dial to select the desired value. such as Dynamic Visibility. line charts.

Similar to a slider component but the dual slider allows users to adjust both the minimum and maximum value for the variable. embedded spreadsheet The fully functional Excel spreadsheet built into the product and used to store data that can be linked to components to create models of data. 17 2010-11-16 .Dashboard Design and Presentation Design Glossary dual slider component A single-value component that allows users to adjust the value of a variable by moving a marker along a range of values.

Dashboard Design and Presentation Design Glossary 18 2010-11-16 .

which can be applied to several users.unx universes.unv universes. Alerting A feature that spans different applications and is used to notify users and administrators when events are triggered. access level A predefined set of rights. a copy of a standard table with an alternative name used to resolve multiple join paths between tables. An attribute is the equivalent of a detail in . 19 2010-11-16 . alert notification A brief message sent to an alert subscriber's email or BI inbox. an object attached to a dimension that provides additional descriptive information about the dimension. BI analyst A role with specific access levels to SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise applications that is typically assigned to users who are content designers. attribute In . alias table In a universe schema or data foundation. often used to perform hierarchical analysis.unx universes. access right The actions a user or group can perform on objects (including folders and categories). determined by an administrator. advanced right A granular right that is set to override the corresponding right in an access level for a principal. aggregate-aware A universe quality that allows the universe to use the query optimization of aggregate tables in the database. alert A message that is raised to let the user know that an event has happened.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary access control list A display of all principals that have been granted or denied rights to an object. analysis dimension In . a collection of universes of the same type representing an axis of analysis. Aggregate awareness is defined using the @Aggregate_Aware function.

BI launch pad A Web-based application delivered as part of SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise and intended for users and content administrators. hierarchies. catalog A unique name to identify a relational data source in source-independent SQL expressions. calculated member A member of a dimension or hierarchy that is calculated using either an explicitly defined formula. class A user-defined folder that contains related objects that have a common purpose in the universe. organization. attributes. business layer A collection of objects (dimensions. made of expressions containing only objects in the business layer. business security profile A collection of access qualifications defined on objects in the business layer that. cluster key 20 2010-11-16 . a destination for received messages and other objects in BI launch pad. See also dashboard. secures objects in the universe. BI viewer A role with specific access levels to BusinessObjects Enterprise applications that is typically assigned to users who are content consumers.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary BI Inbox In SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise. and monitoring to your business activities. Business layers are created on a data foundation or an OLAP cube. calculated column A column defined in a data foundation standard table as the result of a calculation between other columns of the table. or a formula that is generated by specifyingarguments and operations in a dialog box. calculated measure A measure that is calculated using an MDX expression. The principal role of the business layer is to define and organize metadata before it is published as a universe. business layer view A user-defined subset of the folders and objects in a business layer. business filter A filter created in the business layer editor. and predefined conditions) that map to SQL definitions in a database. business dashboard A web-based display of analytics and objects that display information about your business and allow you to provide visibility. when assigned to users. measures.

calculated columns. 21 2010-11-16 . which you can use to view downloaded Crystal reports without being connected to BusinessObjects Enterprise. or profit). data foundation A scheme that defines the tables and joins from relational databases. and stored in “dimensions” (each representing information such as customer. connection pool A database connections cache. Crystal Reports Viewer A report viewer that is installed locally on your computer. and used to build the business layer of a universe. to allow the re-use of connections to a data source. cryptographic key An encryption key used to protect data objects in the CMS repository. data access network layer The database middleware type. for example ODBC or JDBC. connection A named set of parameters that defines how one or more BusinessObjects applications can access relational or OLAP database middleware. context A defined group of objects in a query that share a common business purpose.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary An encryption key used to protect cryptographic keys in the CMS repository. dashboard A web-based display of analytics and objects that display information about your business and allow you to provide visibility. connection shortcut In the information design tool. maintained by Connection Server. or product line) and “measures” (for example sales. a reference in the local project to a secured connection stored in the Central Management Server. organization. See also network layer. and other SQL definitions. and monitoring to your business activities. enabling improved processing time and storage space requirements over traditional data storage methods such as relational databases. prompts. cube A multi-dimensional or OLAP database in which data is summarized. The data foundation is enhanced with contexts. data access driver The database-specific software that manages access between Connection Server and a source of data. See also business dashboard. Connection Server The data access layer that manages data source access by Business Objects applications. cost. consolidated. data foundation view A graphical representation of a user-defined subset of the tables and joins in a data foundation.

dominant viewing locale A predefined fallback locale that is used when no fallback locale is defined for the resource. A detail is the equivalent of an attribute in .L detail In .unx universes. an object that provides descriptive data about a dimensions. when assigned to users. or custom-coded data provider. drill To change the way data is displayed in a report to gain a more specific understanding of where the data comes from ("drilling down") or to gain a higher level understanding of the data by putting data sets together ("drilling up"). dominant locale A predefined fallback locale that is used when no fallback resource is defined for the resource. encyclopedia 22 2010-11-16 . database middleware The vendor-specific component of a database that provides API access to the data. delegated administrator A user who has been granted a subset of administrative rights for object management in BusinessObjects Enterprise. secures access to data. dynamic recipient A publication consumer that exists outside of the BusinessObjects Enterprise system. Driver Development Kit A Java-based software toolkit that you can use to develop data access drivers for datasources for which there are no existing drivers. delivery rule A setting that defines how documents in publications are processed and distributed. derived table A table in the data foundation or universe schema that is defined by an SQL query on one or more standard tables. This object can be a Crystal repot. See also DDK.unv universes. and email addresses. Desktop Intelligence document. drawer An expandable and collapsible pane in the Navigation panel of BI launch pad that lets the user browse the repository in different ways. Web Intelligence document. dynamic recipient source An object that provides a list of dynamic recipients and their IDs.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary data security profile A collection of access qualifications defined in the data foundation that. DDK A Java-based software toolkit that you can use to develop data access drivers for datasources for which there are no existing drivers. See also Driver Development Kit. names.

event A preset trigger for scheduling and processing objects. you can set up these triggers so that reports are processed when specified parameters are met. hyperlink An InfoView object that links to a website outside of BusinessObjects Enterprise. hierarchy A collection of members arranged in levels or in a parent-child relationship. information design tool SAP metadata design tool used to create universe with additional features such as multiple connections and hierarchical dimensions. that enables access to various data sources. JavaBean A Java component developed using the Connection Server Driver Development Kit. See also Encyclopedia component for BusinessObjects Enterprise Premium software. family A set of table display properties used to visually group tables in a data foundation. subfolders. giving you more control over scheduling. guided analysis A way of arranging reports or objects in a set order. event An object which represents an occurrence in the system. which users can follow. Encyclopedia component for BusinessObjects Enterprise Premium software A user panel inside BusinessObjects Enterprise for creating business intelligence reference guides. See also encyclopedia. JavaBean driver 23 2010-11-16 . inheritance The method by which rights set on groups or folders are passed to subgroups. called a storyline. fallback locale The locale used when report or query objects are not available in the preferred viewing locale. index-aware A universe feature that allows the universe to generate queries on key columns in database tables to speed up data retrieval. and files in BusinessObjects Enterprise. FIPS-compliant mode A data-processing security mode that is compliant with the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS).SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary A user panel inside BusinessObjects Enterprise for creating business intelligence reference guides. enabling them to see connections between the objects. individual users.

for example ODBC or JDBC. See also list of values. but not necessarily. level A collection of members in a hierarchy which have the same distance fromthe root of the hierarchy. a value. 24 2010-11-16 . join path A series of joins that a query can use to access data in the tables linked by the joins. navigation path A collection of hierarchically related dimensions used to perform drill analysis in interactive analysis. including rights that the delegated administrator does not have. and members for OLAP databases. native filter In the information design tool. Called a condition in the universe design tool. metadata Information about how data is stored in a database. Modify Rights right A right that allows a delegated administrator to grant to other principals any rights. See also LOV. See also data access network layer. list of values A collection of data values that can be associated with an object in theuniverse. named set A collection of members that is defined either with an MDX expression (native member set) or using a member selector (business member set).SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary A data access driver that manages JavaBeans developed using the Driver Development Kit (DDK). objects in the business layer. hierarchies. most commonly numerical. including table and column names for relational databases. or dimensions. LOV A collection of data values that can be associated with an object in theuniverse. that is derived from one or more dimensions. allowing the user to choose values for a filter on that object. a filter created using expressions in a database language (for example SQL) that can reference tables and columns in the data foundation and also. network layer The database middleware type. levels. loop Situation where joins create multiple paths between tables in a schema or data foundation. multisource-enabled A type of data foundation that can access multiple relational sources for universe design purposes. measure In a universe. allowing the user to choose values for a filter on that object.

data foundation. an InfoObject. Web Intelligence expression. a high-level metadata object built using the tool. and allows you to specify a number of options on each object that you publish. a report document. or Desktop Intelligence expression that is mapped to a user or group in a profile and determines the personalized data view in publications. any object that can be translated. or connection. object Items in the BusinessObjects Enterprise repository. profile target A data source that a profile filters and interacts with to provide personalized data views in publications. personalization The process of filtering data in dynamic content source documents so that only data that is relevant to recipients is displayed in publication instances. pin To make a document tab permanently open so that it is available the next time the user logs on. profile value A static value. report bursting A process in Publishing in which the source document data is refreshed and personalized for recipients. Crystal Reports expression. resource In the information design tool. Publishing Wizard An application which allows you to publish objects to BusinessObjects Enterprise quickly. for example a business layer. resource In the translation management tool. open driver A data access driver developed using the Business Objects Driver Development Kit (DDK). preferred viewing locale The user's preferred locale for viewing report and query objects in an application. or a dashboard. revoke key 25 2010-11-16 . for example a universe. owner right A right that applies only to objects that a principal owns. publication A collection of personalized dynamic content documents and static documents that is distributed to a mass audience according to delivery and processing meta data that the publisher specifies.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary New Connection wizard The Business Objects application component that guides you through the process of creating a connection to a source of data.

or both. rights collapse During migration from version 6. or Web Intelligence documents. source document A file or object in a publication that contains dynamic or static content. target analytic The next object in a storyline with respect to the current object being viewed or added to the storyline. standard table A table that is added in the data foundation or schema directly from a database table in the connection. Securely Modify Rights right A right that allows a delegated administrator to grant to other principals only those rights that the delegated administrator has. the automated detection and insertion into the data foundation of the tables and joins in an SAP NetWeaver BW InfoProvider. rights override A behavior in which a rights setting on a sub-object or group member prevails over the corresponding rights setting on an object or a group. time dimension 26 2010-11-16 . often refers to Crystal reports. the setting of rights on a migrated object that were not explicitly set on the original object. shortcut join A join that provides an alternative path between two tables and that does not take intermediate tables into account. subscribe To add oneself or another to the subscriber list for an alert or publication. or report has been created. schedule To indicate the time and options according to which an object will be run on the server. source language The locale in which a document. scope of rights The ability to define whether a right applies to objects. respectively. universe. Desktop Intelligence documents.x to version XI R2. summary field A database column which contains calculated values based on source values in a time series or an other column. strategy In the information design tool. semantic layer A set of data and metadata retrieved from the database and from the Universe. sub-objects.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary A key used to dissociate data objects from a specific cryptographic key.

type-specific right A right that applies to a specific object type and overrides the corresponding right set at the general global level.). Semester. unsubscribe To remove oneself or another user from the subscriber list for an alert or publication. dashboards. Formerly called Translation Manager.SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary A dimension in a universe defined as a hierarchy with known levels. 27 2010-11-16 . YearDay. reports. viewer An application that lets you view report and document objects in InfoView. or a right that is available for a specific object type only. for example: Year. Week. translation management tool Tool used to translate metadata in Business Intelligence objects (universes. HTML-based viewers do not need to be installed on the user's computer. though they may be overridden on a case-by-case basis. MonthDay. etc. Quarter. but ActiveX and Java viewers do. Month. universe An abstraction of a data source that presents data to users in non-technical terms. user group A collection of users to which you can assign rights that will affect all of the users in the group. this enables you to set rights for large numbers of users more conveniently. WeekDay.

SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Glossary 28 2010-11-16 .

analysis dimension In . alias table In a universe schema or data foundation. calculated measure A measure that is calculated using an MDX expression. when assigned to users. An attribute is the equivalent of a detail in . and predefined conditions) that map to SQL definitions in a database.unx universes. Business layers are created on a data foundation or an OLAP cube. made of expressions containing only objects in the business layer. a collection of universes of the same type representing an axis of analysis. measures. hierarchies. attribute In . an object attached to a dimension that provides additional descriptive information about the dimension. business layer view A user-defined subset of the folders and objects in a business layer. calculated member 29 2010-11-16 . a copy of a standard table with an alternative name used to resolve multiple join paths between tables. business filter A filter created in the business layer editor. attributes.Information Design Tool Glossary Information Design Tool Glossary aggregate-aware A universe quality that allows the universe to use the query optimization of aggregate tables in the database. often used to perform hierarchical analysis. business security profile A collection of access qualifications defined on objects in the business layer that.unv universes. secures objects in the universe. Aggregate awareness is defined using the @Aggregate_Aware function. business layer A collection of objects (dimensions.unx universes. calculated column A column defined in a data foundation standard table as the result of a calculation between other columns of the table. The principal role of the business layer is to define and organize metadata before it is published as a universe.

calculated columns.unv universes. when assigned to users. derived table A table in the data foundation or universe schema that is defined by an SQL query on one or more standard tables. class A user-defined folder that contains related objects that have a common purpose in the universe. family A set of table display properties used to visually group tables in a data foundation. prompts. a reference in the local project to a secured connection stored in the Central Management Server. or a formula that is generated by specifyingarguments and operations in a dialog box. connection shortcut In the information design tool. and used to build the business layer of a universe. data foundation view A graphical representation of a user-defined subset of the tables and joins in a data foundation.unx universes. data security profile A collection of access qualifications defined in the data foundation that.Information Design Tool Glossary A member of a dimension or hierarchy that is calculated using either an explicitly defined formula. an object that provides descriptive data about a dimensions. A detail is the equivalent of an attribute in . and other SQL definitions.L detail In . hierarchy A collection of members arranged in levels or in a parent-child relationship. catalog A unique name to identify a relational data source in source-independent SQL expressions. The data foundation is enhanced with contexts. index-aware A universe feature that allows the universe to generate queries on key columns in database tables to speed up data retrieval. join path 30 2010-11-16 . data foundation A scheme that defines the tables and joins from relational databases. connection A named set of parameters that defines how one or more BusinessObjects applications can access relational or OLAP database middleware. information design tool SAP metadata design tool used to create universe with additional features such as multiple connections and hierarchical dimensions. secures access to data.

native filter In the information design tool. measure In a universe. a filter created using expressions in a database language (for example SQL) that can reference tables and columns in the data foundation and also. objects in the business layer. standard table A table that is added in the data foundation or schema directly from a database table in the connection. allowing the user to choose values for a filter on that object. See also LOV. or connection. strategy In the information design tool.Information Design Tool Glossary A series of joins that a query can use to access data in the tables linked by the joins. LOV A collection of data values that can be associated with an object in theuniverse. for example a business layer. the automated detection and insertion into the data foundation of the tables and joins in an SAP NetWeaver BW InfoProvider. 31 2010-11-16 . a high-level metadata object built using the tool. list of values A collection of data values that can be associated with an object in theuniverse. that is derived from one or more dimensions. multisource-enabled A type of data foundation that can access multiple relational sources for universe design purposes. most commonly numerical. See also list of values. Called a condition in the universe design tool. but not necessarily. data foundation. a value. level A collection of members in a hierarchy which have the same distance fromthe root of the hierarchy. named set A collection of members that is defined either with an MDX expression (native member set) or using a member selector (business member set). loop Situation where joins create multiple paths between tables in a schema or data foundation. resource In the information design tool. shortcut join A join that provides an alternative path between two tables and that does not take intermediate tables into account. navigation path A collection of hierarchically related dimensions used to perform drill analysis in interactive analysis. allowing the user to choose values for a filter on that object.

Month. Week. for example: Year.Information Design Tool Glossary time dimension A dimension in a universe defined as a hierarchy with known levels. WeekDay. Quarter. YearDay. 32 2010-11-16 . MonthDay. Semester.

a Web-based display of modules and objects that contains information about business and allows users to provide monitoring.BI Workspaces Glossary BI Workspaces Glossary analytic A pre-built analysis technique for extracting business insight from data and creating alerts. module library A toolbox that stores different types of modules and BI workspaces from which users can drag and drop modules on the BI workspace layout. BI workspace In SAP BusinessObjects BI workspaces. module A prebuilt analysis template for inserting the data through interactive visualization applets for in-depth data analysis. BI workspaces An SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise application that helps users track their business activities and performance using modules and BI workspaces. analysis. and interactive data visualization applets. lists. 33 2010-11-16 . and visibility of the business activies ina single view.

BI Workspaces Glossary 34 2010-11-16 .

JAD file A file commonly used to package Java applications or games that can be downloaded to mobile phones. resource-constrained devices such as cell phones and PDAs. See also Java Application Descriptor file. The JAD files describe the MIDlets (Java ME applications) that are distributed as JAR files. resource-constrained devices such as cell phones and PDAs. computer program or system that accepts the same inputs and produces the same outputs as a given system. The JAD files describe the MIDlets (Java ME applications) that are distributed as JAR files. 35 2010-11-16 . See also JAD file. See also Java 2 Micro Edition. J2ME A subset of the Java platform aimed at providing a certified collection of Java APIs for the development of software for small. these are games and applications that run on a cell phone. Generally. See also J2ME. MIDlet A Java program for embedded devices.SAP BusinessObjects Mobile Glossary SAP BusinessObjects Mobile Glossary emulator A device. more specifically the Java ME virtual machine. Java 2 Micro Edition A subset of the Java platform aimed at providing a certified collection of Java APIs for the development of software for small. Java Application Descriptor file A file commonly used to package Java applications or games that can be downloaded to mobile phones.

SAP BusinessObjects Mobile Glossary 36 2010-11-16 .

Formula Workshop A feature used to create and edit most kinds of formulas. all the operations in its definition are performed without you having to specify them individually in the formula itself. personalized. dynamic prompt A request for information from the user which may appear upon viewing an object which may determine what data appears in the document. and customized using the program's powerful text object capabilities. data field The basic building block of a record. it provides a way for you to share and reuse formula logic which. Simply begin at the first tab and proceed through the remaining tabs.SAP Crystal Reports 2011 Glossary SAP Crystal Reports 2011 Glossary case-sensitive Pertaining to the differentiation between upper-case and lower-case letters. When you use this function in a formula. Thus. makes it easier and less time consuming for you and your users to create reports. It generally includes both text and field values. A program differentiates between upper-case and lower-case letters when evaluating a text string. Crystal Reports A reporting tool that allows users to create feature-rich reports and integrate them into web and Windows applications. and an area for defining the formula 37 2010-11-16 . form letter A letter that can be reproduced. custom function A procedure you create to evaluate. expert A tool designed to take you through various aspects of report creation by using a series of tabs. or transform data. conditional formatting A type of formatting that applies only under certain conditions. evaluation time The stage in the reporting process when a formula gets evaluated. It consists of a toolbar. make calculations on. Cross-Tab A report component that summarizes and presents data in a compact row and column format that makes it easy to compare data and identify trends. in turn. a tree that lists the types of formulas you can create or modify.

link A field that is common to two or more databases and that serves as a connecting point between those databases. Java Database Connectivity A Java API developed by Sun Microsystems that acts as an interface between a developer’s Java code and a database. 38 2010-11-16 . and ship applications without targeting specific database management systems. See also ODBC. It provides a mechanism for the developer to use to connect to a specified database. See also Java Database Connectivity. ODBC A standard developed by the Microsoft Corporation. Open Database Connectivity A standard developed by the Microsoft Corporation. request information about the database. record A complete unit of related information. request information about the database. compile.SAP Crystal Reports 2011 Glossary itself. It is an interface that gives applications the ability to retrieve data in data management systems using SQL for accessing the data. It does not mean zero because zero is a value. and ship applications without targeting specific database management systems. It provides a mechanism for the developer to use to connect to a specified database. null The absence of a value within a database field for a given record. An electronic file folder that holds all of the data on a given entity. and is accessed programmatically through an instance of the InfoObject class. Such an interface allows a developer to develop. managed report A Crystal report file (. parameter field A special kind of field that prompts the user for a value. Such an interface allows a developer to develop. and then select information from it. It contains one or more fields that contain the specific pieces of data of interest. Interactive Parameters A feature for Crystal Reports that allows users to modify parameter values without refreshing information from the database. It is an interface that gives applications the ability to retrieve data in data management systems using SQL for accessing the data.rpt) that resides in the BusinessObjects Enterprise CMS repository. The area for defining the formula changes depending on the type of formula you are creating. JDBC A Java API developed by Sun Microsystems that acts as an interface between a developer’s Java code and a database. See also JDBC. prompt group A container that holds the individual prompts that are needed for a Cascading prompt. The main benefit of this feature is that it provides guided interactivity on the report canvas without causing processing demands on the database. See also Open Database Connectivity. compile. and then select information from it.

wildcard A character that represents any character (?) or any group of characters (*) in a search string. selection formula A formula that specifies the records. database fields. you want included in your report.rpt) that resides on a local file system and is accessed programmatically by a file path. unmanaged report A Crystal report file (. or groups of records. 39 2010-11-16 . and formula fields.SAP Crystal Reports 2011 Glossary report An organized presentation of data. text object A specialized object that can contain text. substring A part of a larger string. report part A report object displayed by itself in a viewer without the rest of the report page. It contains its own mini word processor that can be used for anything from adding a label to creating an entire document.

SAP Crystal Reports 2011 Glossary 40 2010-11-16 .

or other applications. composite row A row that results from a databasejoin operation on at least two datasource tables. case In a case statement.. a domain lets you define permissible values more stringently than a type. a constraint. or some other application that lets Data Federator. a datasource. data-access application A generic term for a database. domain The set of permissible values of a column. either a target. It points to and represents the data that is kept in a data-access application. case statement A mapping rule that treats different cases based on conditions. a plain file. the combination of an (If. domain table 41 2010-11-16 ..Data Federation Administration Tool Glossary Data Federation Administration Tool Glossary bind join An operation used in data federation where a small set of data is used to provide additional parameters to a query on a large set of data in order to reduce the number of results transferred. datasource A pointer to a source of data. a domain table or a lookup table. component An element that you work on in the Data Federator Designer workspace. constraint A test that you define in Data Federator to verify a property of a mapping core table A datasource table that has columns that map to the key of a target table. datasource catalog A collection of datasources. access data." and "then. Then) condition and action.")... a mapping. conditional expression In a mapping formula. case statement formula A formula in a case statement. an expression that contains conditions (such as "if .

narrow query A query used in data federation that returns few results and for which little data transfer is needed from underlying sources to compute the final result. functional expression In a mapping formula. final datasource A datasource that cannot be modified. post-filter A filter that limits the results of a mapping rule. an expression that performs a function on a value. and whose content you enter. lookup table A table that you create. push 42 2010-11-16 . in Data Federator. primary key A column that is guaranteed to contain unique values. You can modify a draft datasource. the lookup table maps a column of values to another column of values. fanout In a relationship between columns. post-filters operate on data after the table relationships. merge join An operation used in data federation where two large tables of data are sorted before they are joined. pre-filters operate on data before the mapping formulas. and that you can use in a mapping. the average number of entries in the second column that are related to each entry in the first column. but it is not available to use in a mapping. not-null constraint A constraint that verifies that none of the values in a column are null. in order to reduce the time it takes to join the tables.Data Federation Administration Tool Glossary A table that defines a domain in Data Federator. draft datasource A datasource that you are working on. key constraint A constraint that verifies that all the keys in a table are unique. and whose values identify all of the rows in a table. primary key constraint A constraint that prescribes that all the values of a column must be unique. pre-filter A filter that limits the data that comes from datasources. filter An expression that limits the data returned.

Data Federation Administration Tool Glossary To request a source database to perform some operation (instead of performing the operation within the data federation engine. 43 2010-11-16 . semi-join An operation between two tables that returns the rows of the first table that match at least one row in the second table. sample target table data Data that is used in a constraint check to compare the expected results to the actual results. or average number of relationships between each value in a column and another column. sample datasource table data Data that is used in a constraint check to compare the data that you expect to extract from the sources to the data that Data Federator extracts from the sources. In other words. statistics Numeric information about data stored in sources that are used for data federation. including such things as estimated number of entries in a table. performing operations on source databases is generally more efficient than in the data federation engine). estimated number of distinct values in a column. the first table is filtered with the rows of the second table.

Data Federation Administration Tool Glossary 44 2010-11-16 .

15 Crystal Reports Viewer 19 cube 19 custom function 37 data foundation view 19. 15 composite row 41 conditional expression 41 conditional formatting 37 connection 19. 29 F facet 5 faceted navigation 5 fallback locale 19 family 19. 15 case 41 D dashboard 19 data access driver 19 data access network layer 19 data animation 11. 29 calculated measure 19. 29 business layer view 19. 15 charttype 5 check-box component 11. 29 cluster key 19 CMS Add-On 5 column chart 11. 29 calendar component 11. 29 analysis type 5 analytic 33 application server 5 area chart 11. 29 E embedded spreadsheet 11. 15 emulator 35 encyclopedia 19 Encyclopedia component for BusinessObjects Enterprise Premium software 19 evaluation time 37 event 19 expert 37 exploration facet 5 exploration interface 5 C calculated column 19. 15 business dashboard 19 business filter 19. 15 bar chart 11. 29 aggregated value 5 alert 19 alert notification 19 Alerting 19 alias table 19. 15 BI analyst 19 BI Inbox 19 BI launch pad 19 BI viewer 19 BI workspace 33 BI workspaces 33 bind join 41 breadcrumb 5 breakdown button 5 bullet chart 11. 29 category facet 5 chart component 11.Index A access control list 19 access level 19 access right 19 administration rights 5 advanced right 19 aggregate-aware 19. 15 combo box component 11. 29 data table 5 data-access application 41 database 5 database middleware 19 datasource 41 datasource catalog 41 DDK 19 delegated administrator 19 delivery rule 19 derived table 19. 29 connection pool 19 connection refresh button 11. 15 data field 37 data foundation 19. 29 dial component 11. 29 detail 19. 15. 15 class 19. 15 comparison analysis type 5 component 11. 15 canvas 11. 29 business security profile 19. 15 Connection Server 19 connection shortcut 19. 29 constraint 41 container component 11. 29 calculated member 19. 15 art and background component 11. 29 analysis dimension 19. 15 canvas container component 11. 41 component browser 11. 15 content search facet 5 context 19 contribution analysis type 5 Control 5 Control click 5 core table 41 creation rights 5 Cross-Tab 37 cryptographic key 19 Crystal Reports 37 Crystal Reports Data Consumer connection 11. 15 divider 5 domain 41 domain table 41 dominant locale 19 dominant viewing locale 19 draft datasource 41 drawer 19 drill 19 Driver Development Kit 19 dual slider component 11. 29 fanout 41 field 37 filter 41 45 2010-11-16 . 15 dynamic prompt 37 dynamic recipient 19 dynamic recipient source 19 B background component 11. 29 Authentication Type 5 case statement 41 case statement formula 41 case-sensitive 37 catalog 19. 15 attribute 19. 29 data security profile 19. 15 combination chart 11. 29 business layer 19.

29 subscribe 19 substring 37 suggested facet 5 summary field 19 I index-aware 19.Index final datasource 41 FIPS-compliant mode 19 folder 5 form letter 37 Formula Workshop 37 functional expression 41 lookup table 41 loop 19. 29 Properties 5 publication 19 Publishing Wizard 19 push 41 M Manage Spaces 5 managed report 37 measure 19. 29 LOV 19. 29 R record 37 report 37 report bursting 19 report part 37 resource 19. 29 narrow query 41 native filter 19. 29 measure facet 5 merge join 41 meta-data 19 metadata 19 MIDlet 35 model 11 Modify Rights right 19 module 33 module library 33 multisource-enabled 19. 29 highlight 5 Home 5 hyperlink 19 S sample datasource table data 41 sample target table data 41 SAP key date 5 SAP key figure 5 SAP variable 5 schedule 19 Scheduling 5 scope of rights 19 score 5 search engine 5 search phrase 5 Search Results 5 Search Server 5 Securely Modify Rights right 19 selected facet 5 selection formula 37 semantic layer 19 semi-join 41 shortcut join 19. 29 Information Space owner 5 inheritance 19 Interactive Parameters 37 N named set 19. 29 network layer 19 New Connection wizard 19 not-null constraint 41 null 37 J J2ME 35 JAD file 35 Java 2 Micro Edition 35 Java Application Descriptor file 35 Java Database Connectivity 37 JavaBean 19 JavaBean driver 19 JDBC 37 join path 19. 29 tooltip 5 translation management tool 19 46 2010-11-16 . 29 link 37 list of values 19. 29 statistics 41 strategy 19. 29 O object 19 Objects 5 ODBC 37 Open Database Connectivity 37 open driver 19 owner right 19 K key constraint 41 keyword search 5 P parameter field 37 PDF 5 personalization 19 pin 19 Portable Document Format 5 post-filter 41 pre-filter 41 preferred viewing locale 19 primary key 41 primary key constraint 41 profile target 19 profile value 19 prompt group 37 L label 5 legend 5 level 19. 29 indexing 5 information design tool 19. 29 navigation path 19. 29 source document 19 source language 19 standard table 19. 29 revoke key 19 rights collapse 19 rights override 19 G guided analysis 19 H hierarchy 19. 29 locale 5 logoff 5 logon 5 T tab 5 target analytic 19 text object 37 time dimension 19.

Index trend analysis type 5 type-specific right 19 user group 19 W Web Application Server Components 5 web server 5 Welcome page 5 wildcard 37 U universe 19 unmanaged report 37 unsubscribe 19 V viewer 19 viewing rights 5 visualization 5 47 2010-11-16 .

Index 48 2010-11-16 .