You are on page 1of 1

The Solutions Guide

Unitor Maintenance and Repair Welding
PROBLEM STEEL
Cast steel machine bases/supports Cast steel cargo pipes

UNALLOYED & LOW ALLOYED STEEL
Pipes Ø<30mm Capillary joints Large welds in flat position, mild steel

STAINLESS STEELS
Pipes with capillary joints small dia. Larger constructions

CAST IRON
Large size components, cold welding Rebuilding worn or broken parts

ALUMINIUM
Repair of castings Repair of castings

COPPER ALLOYS
Copper pipes Ø<30mm Capillary joint Yorcalbro pipes Ø<100mm Capillary joint

HARDFACING & OVERLAYING
Stainless overlay on mild steel Spark proof overlays on tools

38 39

2

5

13

3

4 13

38 39 + 34

10 29 + 34
Duplex steel used in tanks, cargo loading pipes, heating coils and ladder material. Also for welding duplex to mild steel

14

14 37 Replacing missing parts with steel plate

16 26

33

26 33

38

39

38

11

36

Pipes Ø<160mm t<3mm, butt joint unalloyed

Main parts of the ships construction

Mechanical structures with high loads

Machine parts of U.S. T1 steel

Butt welded thin walled pipes

Oil impregnated or old cast iron

Rebuilding worn or broken areas

Cracks in larger parts

Larger size copper pipes

Yorcalbro pipes Ø<100mm butt welds/patches

Hardfacing rope or chain handling equipment

Rebuilding shaft ends

24 27 28

3

4

5

6

13

13

10

21 + 34

12 + 34

14

14

17

33

26

16 26 33

35

22 31

17

13 36

Pipes Ø>160mm t>3mm unalloyed

Weld subject to high loads

Rebuilding worn edges and engine parts

Joining tool parts

Thin walled constructions

Compound steel first layer, or mild steel to stainless steel

Small parts preheated

Reassembling broken parts

Reassembling broken parts

Plate or tube constructions

Rebuilding pump impeller wear edge (bronze)

Constructions of Yorcalbro

Anchor winch wheels and guides

Cargo grab wear surfaces

+ 34 1 3 27 28 3 4 13 13 17 38 39 10 21 38 39 11 30 + 34 37 14 26 33 16 26 33 15 30 39 31 22 31 17 17

Galvanized pipes and plates

Weather resistant steel used for flue gases and sea water

Rebuilding gear teeth

Rebuilding machine parts

Rebuilding impeller blades

Cunifer pipes Ø<100mm

CUTTING & GOUGING
15 30 31 All unalloyed/low alloyed steels, cutting, gouging applications, thickness up to 100mm. ‘UTC-500’ Cutting, gouging or flushing plates, all conductive materials Removing welds or other excess material Preparing grooves, opening cracks, small cuts, in all conductive materials All applications on electrically conductive materials, thickness up to 38mm 38

Hardfacing/ rebuilding wear surfaces on machine parts

Spot welds on ladder steps

35

9

13 17

13 17

13

17

13

17

Large welds in flat Cast steel repairs position on ships quality steel

Gear wheel welded to shaft

Tool repairs (building up drill shank)

Fractures in pump housing bronze/ brass

Cunifer pipes Ø>100mm

Rebuilding exhaust valve seats

Rebuilding gear teeth

UNITOR ‘UTC-500’

UNITOR PLASMA CUTTER

5

3

4

13

13

13

Acetylene and Oxygen supply 20 20 19

Clean compressed air and mains power supply

15 31

23

32

18

36 13

Thin plate constructions

General repairs and tack welding

Joining of spring steel

Cracks in bearings housings

HOW TO USE THE SOLUTIONS GUIDE FOR UNITOR PRODUCTS
ALUMINIUM
Repair of castings Holes or fractures in smaller parts

Filling pittings in valve housing bronze/brass

Repair of sliding surface brass/ bronze

Steel valve closing surface

Rebuilding worn feeder screws

1

3

24 27

1

3

27

28

13

13

Ice class hull plates and plate/ pipe material used for low temperature cargo

Boiler plates and tubes of chrome/ molly alloyed steel

Joining of tool steel

Fuel injector pipes

Repair of castings

26 -235 A magnesium alloyed 16 -351N Sea water resistant

ALUMAG

15 35 36

31

15 36 Light constructions e.g. electrical components

17 18

13 17

ALUMIN

16 26 33 33

8

7

25

13

13 17

Identify base material in headings

Find the closest related problem

-235 Solid sea water resistant

ALUMAG-W

Still in doubt? See the Wilhelmsen Ships Service Welding Handbook

Rebuilding threads on fittings brass/ bronze

Rebuilding closing surfaces on butterfly valve

Cargo grab teeth

Study the alternative solutions

35

40

36

13 17

COATED ELECTRODES FOR ARC WELDING/CUTTING
1

GPO-302N

2

GPR-300H

3

SPECIAL-303N

4

LH-314N

5

LHH-314H

6

LHV-316N

7

LHT-318N

8

LHL-319N

9

LHR-320N

10

18/8-321N

Versatile general purpose electrode type organic rutile, for unalloyed steels
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 60–100 80–150 100–200 DC± AC

High recovery (180%) rutile electrode for downhand welding of large deposits on unalloyed steel
DIA. 3.2mm 4.0mm 5.0mm AMP. 130–170 180–230 250–340 DC± AC

Double coated electrode for unalloyed and ship quality steel
DIA. 2.0mm 2.5mm 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 40–80 50–90 90–150 120–190 DC+ AC

Low hydrogen type basic electrode for unalloyed steels, ship quality steel and cast steel
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 75–105 95–155 125–210 DC±

High recovery (160%) basic electrode for down-hand welding of large deposit on unalloyed and ship quality steel
DIA. 4.0mm 5.0mm AMP. 170–240 225–355 DC± AC

Low hydrogen type basic electrode especially for welding of unalloyed steels, ship quality steel and cast steel vertical down
DIA. 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 110–150 180–220 DC+

Basic type electrode for heat resistant low alloy steels, used e.g. for boilers and boiler tubes
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 60–100 80–150 100–200 DC± AC

Low hydrogen type basic electrode for low temperaturesteel with up to 2.7% Ni. Ice class hull plates. Plates and pipes used for low temperature cargo DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm AMP. 70–110 105–150 DC+ AC

Low hydrogen type basic electrode for weathering steel. Corrosion resistant to sea water and flue gases
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm AMP. 80–115 100–150 DC+ AC

AWS type 316L electrode for all position welding of most stainless steels found on board
DIA. 1.6mm 2.5mm 3.2mm AMP. 35–50 60–90 80–125 DC+ AC

11

23/14-322N

12

DUPLEX-325N

13

TENSILE-328N

14

High alloy electrode for clad steel, stainless to steel and corrosion resistant overlays on mild steel
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 50–90 90–120 130–180 DC+ AC

A rutile basic duplex stainless steel welding electrode for all welding positions. For welding duplex to duplex, duplex to stainless steel and duplex to mild steel
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm 80–120 AMP. 50–90 DC+ AC

High alloy electrode for joining or overlaying. For all ‘problem’ repairs of steels where other electrodes fail
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm AMP. 50–85 80–125 DC+ AC

General purpose cast iron electrode for rebuilding, joining cast iron to cast iron or for joining cast iron to other materials. On old, oil- contaminated cast iron use NICKEL-333N as buffer layer DIA. 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 75–100 85–160 DC± AC

NIFE-334N

15

ALBRONZE-344

16

ALUMIN-351N

17

WEARMAX-327

18

IMPACT-329S

19

CH2-382

20

ACA-384

Electrode for welding of copper alloys and also joining of these to steel and cast iron
DIA. 3.2mm AMP. 80–160 DC+ AC

Sea water resistant aluminium electrode for joining or rebuilding rolled, drawn or cast aluminium
DIA. 3.2mm AMP. 70–110 DC+

Electrode for repair of worn winch and anchor windlass wheels, dredger and cargo handling equipment and equipment subject to metal earth or metal to metal wear
DIA. 2.5mm 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 75–140 90–170 120–240 DC+ AC

Cobalt alloyed electrode for overlaying steel surfaces subject to impact, corrosion or wear at high temperature
DIA. 3.2mm 4.0mm AMP. 70–120 90–150 DC+ AC

Gouging electrode for cutting or preparing grooves in steels, cast iron, stainless steels and copper alloys. Use ordinary electrode holder
DIA. 3.2mm AMP. 160–280 DC± AC

Carbon graphite electrode for cutting, flushing, gouging conductive materials. Use special holder, 6–9 bar air supply
DIA. 6.3mm 8.0mm 16 x 5mm flat AMP. 200–350 200–450 400–600 DC+

RODS FOR TIG & GAS WELDING
21

WIRES FOR WIRE WELDING
27

RODS FOR SOLDERING/BRAZING
S309M-GF-222
35

18/8MO-221

22

IALBRO-237MF

23

ICUNI-30-239

GPS-W-200

28

MS-W-201

29

S316M -GF

30

FC-BRONZE-261

36

FC-WEARBRO-262

37

FC-CAST IRON-268
ID No 804005 Designed and produced by Voice reklame. Printer: Grafia - Norway. 02.10 5K. Country of origin Norway.

Molybdenum alloyed welding rod for corrosion resistant and acid resistant steels
TIG: No flux needed Argon shielding gas Current DCDIA. 2mm

Flux-coated aluminiumbronze for welding of Yorcalbro. Anneal at 350°C after welding
TIG: Flux: I flux 238 PF Argon shielding gas Current DCDIA. 2.4mm

Copper-nickel alloyed rod for Cunifer 70/30 and 90/10

TIG: No flux needed Argon shielding gas Current DCDIA. 2.5mm

General purpose solid wire for unalloyed steels including sheet metal. Welds in all positions including vertical down
GMAW: Current: DC+ Shielding gas: Argon 80% CO2 20% (0r CO2 100%) DIA. 0.8mm Spool: O.D. 200mm, 5kg

Self shielded fluxcored wire for low alloyed + unalloyed steels, all thicknesses.Handles poor fitup. All positions including vertical down
FCAW: Current: DCShielding gas: None DIA. 0.8mm Spool: 200mm, 4,5kg

Gas shielded fluxcored wire for welding stainless and acid resistant steels of 316 type. Welds in all positions including vertical down
FCAW: Current: DC+ Shielding gas: Argon 80% CO2 20% DIA. 0.9mm Spool: 200mm, 2.5kg

Gas shielded fluxcored wire for welding stainless steels AISI 309 + repairs of AISI 317. Welding of mild steel stiffeners to stainless steel and repairs of clad steel (compound steel) FCAW: Current: DC+ Shielding gas: Argon 80% CO2 20% DIA. 0.9mm Spool: 200mm, 2.5kg

Fluxcoated bronze rod with low melting point.

Flux-coated bronze rod for surfacing or rebuilding

FC-CAST IRON-268

Flux: Bronze flu-261PF Flame: Neutral, Ox-surplus for brass or galvanized steel DIA. 2mm, 3mm

Flux: Wearbroflux-262PF Flame: Neutral, Ox-surplus for brass or galvanized steel DIA. 3mm, 5mm

Flux:

No additional flux needed Flame: Ox-surplus DIA. 4mm

24

IMS/MS-210 -200

25

ICROMO-216

26

ALUMAG-235

31

IALBRO-W-237

32

ICUNI-W-239

33

ALUMAG-W-235

34

PICKLING GEL

38

AG-60-252

39

AG-45-253

40

TIN-240

General purpose rod for GAS or TIG welding of unalloyed steel
TIG: Use IMS-210 current DCArgon shielding gas DIA. 2mm GAS: Use MS 200Neutral flame DIA. 2mm, 3mm

Chrom-molybdenum alloyed rod for heat resistant steels
TIG: No flux needed, DCArgon shielding gas DIA. 2.5mm

A magnesium alloyed aluminium rod for gas welding of cast, rolled or drawn aluminium
GAS: Use Aluflux 234F Flame: Slight AC surplus DIA. 3mm

Solid copper based wire for bronzes, brasses and aluminium brass alloys, e.g. Yorcalbro. Also wear resistant and corrosion resistant overlays on steel GMAW: Current: DC+ Shielding gas: Pure Argon DIA. 0.8mm Spool: O.D. 200mm, 2kg

Solid copper based wire for copper-nickel alloys, e.g. Cunifer 90/10 and 70/30 which are used in a.o. cooling water systems on board GMAW: Current: DC+ Shielding gas: Pure Argon DIA. 0.8mm Spool: OD. 200mm, 2kg

Solid seawater resistant aluminium wire for repair welding of practically all aluminium alloys found onboard, including cast part GMAW: Current: DC+ Shielding gas: Pure Argon DIA. 1.0mm Spool: O.D. 200mm, 2kg

Pickling gel is used to remove oxides and discolouration after welding of stainless steel. Apply with brush. Remove with water after 1 hour Container: 2 litre, 2,5kg (incl.brush)

Exceptionally easy flowing flux-coated capillary solder containing 56% silver
Flux: AG-60/45 flux 252 For Yorc Albro use Albro Flux-263PF Flame: Neutral DIA. 2mm

Silver solder for capillary joints, containing 45% silver
Flux: AG-60/45 flux 252 Flame: Neutral DIA. 2mm

Soft solder on a spool. Flux is included in the wire. No additional flux needed
Flux: Soldering iron or indirect heating with AC-surplus flame 1.6mm

DIA.

For more information regarding Unitor welding products please visit our website

www.wilhelmsen.com/shipsservice