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# Code No: X0225

II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
(Com. to EEE, E.Con.E)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
1. a) State and explain Gauss’s law as applied to electrostatic fields in differential form.
b) Three equal positive charges of Q C each are located at three corners of a square, side
‘a’ meter. Determine the magnitude and direction of the resulted force experienced by a
test charge if placed at the vacant corner of the square

2. a) Derive the Laplace’s equation in three coordinates form
b) Show that the family of equipotential for a dipole may be given by r
2
= d
1
cosθ.
Further show that r = d
2
sin
2
θ represents the line of force of the dipole, where d
1
and d
2

are constants.

3. a) Derive the expression for capacitances of the spherical condenser
b) A capacitor consists of two metal plates each 120cm
2
, placed parallel and 3mm apart.
The whole of space between the plates is filled with a dielectric having a relative
permittivity of 4. A potential difference of 400V is maintained between the plates.
Determine (i) the capacitance, (ii) The charge on the capacitor, (iii) The electric flux

4. a) Determine the magnetic field intensity on the axis of an infinite solenoid
b) A current carrying circular wire of radius ‘a’ is centered around the origin in the plane
z = 0. Obtain an expression for magnetic field intensity on the axis of the wire at (0,0,2).

5. a) Derive the point form of Ampere’s circuital law
b) A solid conductor of radius R has uniform current density. Derive the expressions for
H both inside and outside the conductor and also show the variation of H as a function of
radial distance from the center of the wire.

6. a) Derive the expression for torque on a current loop placed in a magnetic field
b) If a point charge of 5 coulombs moves with a velocity of (
] \ [
X X X 6 5 2 − + )m/s,
determine the force exerted (i) if the electric field intensity is (
] \ [
X X X 4 5 10 − + )v/m (ii)
if the flux density is (
] \ [
X X X 3 4 7 + + ) wb/m
2

7. a) Explain the characteristics of permanent magnets and mentions their applications
b) Determine the vector magnetic potential for an infinitely long solenoid with N turns
per unit length, radius ‘r’ and current I.

8. a) State and explain Faraday’s law’s of electromagnetic induction
b) Find the displacement current density within a parallel plate capacitor where ε= 100ε
0
,
a =0.01 m
2
, d = 0.05mm and the capacitor voltage is 100sin 200πt volts
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Code No: X0225
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
(Com. to EEE, E.Con.E)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks

1. a) Explain with the help of sketch, the principle of super position as applied to electric
fields.
b) In spherical coordinates E =
2 2 2
) (
2
a r
r
+
a
r
. Find the potential at any point using the
reference, (i) V = 0 at infinite and (ii) V = 100 at r = a

2. a) Explain the behavior of conductors in electric field

b) A dipole at the origin in free space has P =
100
ε
0
u
z
C-m. Determine the following in
Cartesian coordinates
(i) Voltage at P (x, y, z)
(ii) Electrical field intensity at P (x, y, z)

3. a) Derive the equation of continuity in electrostatic fields
b) A capacitor is composed of two plates separated by a sheet of insulating material 5
mm thick and ε
r
= 6. The distance between the plates is increased to allow the insertion
of second sheet 8 mm thick and of relative permeability ε
r
. If the capacitance of the
capacitor so formed is one-half of the original capacitance. Determine the value of ε
r
.

4. a) Explain the Oesterd’s experiment
b) A single turn circular coil of 45m diameter carries a current of A
4
10 25× . Determine
the magnetic field intensity at a point on the axis of the coil and 125m away from the
coil. The relative permeability of free space surrounding the coil is unity

5. a) State Ampere’s circuital law and hence derive
- + = × ∇

b) Obtain the expression for + in all the regions if a cylindrical conductor carries a
direct current ‘I’ and its radius is ‘R’ m. Plot the variation of + against the distance ‘r’
from the center of the conductor

6. a) Derive the Lorentz force equation
b) A long straight conductor lying along the z-axis carries a current of 15 A in the
positive direction of z-axis. If the magnetic flux density is } 7 3 (
\ [
X X + wb/m
2
, determine
the force per meter length of the conductor
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Code No: X0225

7. a) Derive the expression for energy stored in a magnetic field
b) A toroidal coil of 350 turns is wound on a steel ring of 20cm mean diameter and 2

2
10

× m
2
cross-sectional area. An excitation of 5000 Am
-1
produces a flux density of 1.5
tesla. Calculate the inductance of the coil. If a 20mm long gap is cut in the ring, calculate
the current required to maintain the flux density at 1.5 tesla. Also calculate the inductance
under these new conditions. Neglect all leakage and fringing.

8. a) Describe the pointing theorem and its interpretations
b) Derive the general field relations for time varying electrical and magnetic fields

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Code No: X0225
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
(Com. to EEE, E.Con.E)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
1. a) Derive the expression for the field due to a surface charge
b) Calculate electric field E at a point P (3, -4, 2) in free space due to (i) a charge Q
1
=
4µC at A (0, 0, 0), (ii) a charge Q
2
= 2µC at B (-1, 2, 4) and (iii) both the charges of part
(i) and (ii) presents.

2. a) Derive the expression for Electric field intensity due to an electric Dipole
b) Prove that the potential due to an electric dipole satisfies Laplace’s equation

3. a) State and explain the ohms law in point form
b) The capacitance of the capacitor formed by two parallel plates, each 120 cm
2
in area
separated by a dielectric 4 mm thickness is 5 x 10
-4
µF. A potential difference of 32kV is
applied. Find the following
(i)Total dielectric flux, (ii) The potential gradient and (iii) The relative permeability of
the material

4. a) Sate and explain Biot-savarts law. Mention the units of the quantities used in the law
b) Find the magnetic field intensity at the origin due to a current element 50x10
-6
U
z
A-m
at the point (4, -7, 0) in free space.
5. a) Find the magnetic field of current in a straight circular cylindrical conductor of radius ‘r’.
b) A ‘z’ directed current distribution is given by } (
2
XU U - + =

for r ≤ a. Find

% at any
point r ≥a using Ampere’s circuital law
6. a) Derive the expression for force between two parallel current carrying conductors of
finite length
b) A conductor of 300cm long carries a current of 20 amps at right angles to a uniform
field produced by the pole core of an electrical machine. Now if core has a circular
cross section of 100mm diameter and total flux in core is 15m wb, then determine (i)
force developed on the conductor and (ii) power required to move conductor at a speed
of 50 m/sec in a plane at right angles to the field?

7. a) Describe the scalar magnetic potential and what are its drawbacks
b) Obtain an expression for magnetic vector potential in the region surrounding an
infinite long straight filamentary current ‘I’.

8. a) Write Maxwell’s equations in (i) point form (ii) integral form. Explain the
significance of each equation
b) If the magnetic field
− −
+ =
]
D \6LQ [&RV + | 6 3 | α β , find current density

- if fields are
invariant with time
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Code No: X0225
II B.Tech I Semester (R07) Regular Examinations, Nov- 2009

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS
(Com. to EEE, E.Con.E)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
1. a) Derive the relation between electric field and electric potential in rectangular
coordinates
b) Given a field E = (
2
x
y 6 −
a
x
+
x
6
a
y
+ 5 a
z
) V/m. Calculate the potential difference
between P (-2, 7, 1) and Q (4, 1, 2)

2. a) Explain Electric dipole and dipole moment
b) In cylindrical coordinates, V = 70volts at ρ =4mm and V = 0 at ρ = 100mm. Find the
voltage at ρ = 150mm, if the potential depends only on ρ.

3. a)Derive the expression for capacitance with multiple dielectrics between two plates

b) The radii of two spheres differ by 0.04 m and the capacitance of spherical condenser
is 75 x 10
-2
F, if the outer sphere is earthed. Determine the radii, air as a dielectric.

4. a) State and explain Biot-savarts law. Show that the divergence of magnetic induction
is always zero.
b) A conductor is bent in the form of a rectangular polygonal frame of ‘n’ sides inscribed
in a circle of radius R. Show that the expression for the magnetic field density at the
centre for a current ‘I’ is
¸
¹
·
¨
§
=
Q 5
Q,
%
π
π
µ ian
2
0

5. a) Derive the Maxwell’s third equation
b) Using Ampere’s circuital law, obtain an expression of the magnetic field intensity at
any point due to a concentric cylindrical conductor, the inner and outer conductors
carrying equal and opposite currents.

6. a) What is a magnetic dipole ? How does a magnetic dipole differ from an electric dipole
b) Two long parallel wires separated 6m apart carry curry currents of 30A and 75A
respectively in the same direction. Calculate the magnitude and direction of the force
between them per unit length.

7. a) Describe the vector magnetic potential and its properties
b) Find the mutual inductance between two toroidal windings which are closely wound
on iron core of relative permeability 200. The mean radius of the core is 7cm and radius
of its cross-section is 3cm. The winding has 400 and 600 turns for windings 1and 2
respectively

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Code No: X0225

8. a) Derive the expressions for statically and dynamically induced emf’s
b)A lossy dielectric has µ = 4π10
-9
H/m and ε=
π 36
10
8 −
F/m, σ =2x10
-8
S/m. The electric
field
− −
=
z
a 200 W 6LQ ( ω V/m exists at a certain point in the dielectric
i) At what frequency will the conduction current density and displacement current
densities have equal magnitudes?
ii) At this frequency calculate the instantaneous displacement current density
iii) What is the phase angle between the conduction current and the displacement current?

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