LEON COUNTY SCHOOLS ESOL Program 2010-2011

SELECTED ESOL STRATEGIES
According to the 1990 Florida Consent Decree, ELL students must be given “comprehensible instruction” using modifications and strategies that have proved effective with ELL students—as well as with non-ELL students who have difficulty using the English language. Because English is the language of instruction in our district’s mainstream inclusion model, teachers of ELL students must modify their instruction in the New Generation Benchmarks to meet the specific needs of their ELL students. Teachers of ELL students are required to implement—and document the use of—ESOL strategies. One easy way to document is to keep this sheet in the teacher plan book and record the number of each strategy used during a unit or lesson.

Strategies while planning a lesson:
1. Establish English language objectives for each lesson or unit. 2. Allow the use of bilingual dictionaries during class and tests. 3. Write instructions and problems using shorter, less complex sentences. 4. Include “pre” activities such as advance organizers and semantic webbing. 5. Modify assignments as appropriate for ELL student’s level of English proficiency (pre-production, early production, speech emergence, and intermediate fluency). 6. Prepare written outline of lesson objectives and instructions to give to ELL students.

Strategies while presenting a lesson:
7. Simplify grammatical structures. When speaking with ELL students, use familiar words, avoid long words, and limit the length of sentences. 8. Check for understanding. Make sure your ELL students know what is expected of them in terms of classroom and homework assignments, projects, etc. Model step-by-step procedures prior to a student activity. Always provide written directions for assignments. 9. Facilitate comprehension of concepts by using pictures, tables, graphic organizers, maps, diagrams, globes, and other visual aides to illustrate new words and terms and to assist in comparing and contrasting. 10. Assist students in understanding complex concepts and skills by presenting clear illustrations and using gestures, “realia” (concrete objects), demonstrations, and concrete examples. 11. Teach and reinforce study skills by using timelines, flow charts, outlines, underlining or highlighting main points, and Venn diagrams. 12. Build on the students’ prior knowledge and existing language skills.

Check for content comprehension with learning logs. Enlist volunteers. Communicate frequently with the parents and ask for them assistance when needed. experiments. 23. Enlist the assistance of bilingual individuals and resources to facilitate communications with parents. .13. pictures. dialogue journals. Facilitate reading comprehension by providing audio and/or visual supplements. with games. reading materials. Reflect cross-cultural understanding in the classroom through use of displays. reading logs. Make sure that tests and other materials are printed clearly—not handwritten or poorly copied. to tutor students in their native language. ask questions. guest speakers. strip stories. Use outlines and the “process writing” technique to foster development of students’ writing skills. 19. 24. 21. These include o jigsaws o cooperative games o peer tutoring o peer assignments o numbered head reviews o cooperative projects 14. Strategies for assessing student learning: 18. particularly from the multicultural community. Use cooperative learning activities that provide students with additional opportunities for verbal expression. through project presentations. Observe students. 17. 25. biographies. Facilitate partnerships between ELL students and neighbourhood children or parents for homework help. cloze exercises. drama/role play. Strategies for Improving Parent/School/Community Connections: 22. and evaluate constantly. Allow the student to use his/her native language especially when doing writing assignments or to clarify meaning with an individual proficient in his/her language. etc. 20. 15. if necessary. 26. Allow time for oral expression—in centers. illustrations. Use parents as a resource for tutoring students in their native languages or for sharing artifacts and cultural background. Consider parents’ English proficiency when assigning projects or homework requiring parental assistance. 16.

.9.90089.04-0.3/88-57080393.020703.900805.9014789:/039 80.8574.4250.9.081470.0/11.70799034:93041088434-0.9008057080393.43.9.-08 7.5...3/.3/94.08    3.0   0.98 09.9.3/390720/.9088:.700 89:/03982:89-0.3:.94334:7/897.:394708843  $97./079903/70.943 0.43.0989:/0398 .88320398    ..23..7 574/:.22.1.:84324/0 90..3:..3/897.3/0893.2.300/841907 89:/0398   %0.354398 .90/41902390728 41.88..3//4.38970.03 .98 /0243897.9.88893 .9438.7.4397.-838. 570 574/:.9./0894:897.3:.893   888989:/03983:3/0789.08:704:789:/039834.3/802.0/:708574794 .2.887442.0598-:835.0574.089:/88-:83920308 14.:203990:8041 $ 897.03.3/3 .43.89:/039.28 4-08 .8.28   :/439089:/0398 5747340/0.9:708 03850.3/90898    7903897:.47/903:2-07410..08843   $2517..8:.047..9.07841 89:/03982:8924/19073897:.70904-0.39.897:.80.747/8 .9438147..075.7894200990850.0--3    4/1..70706:70/942502039 .8.2508   %0.3078.3:.943  :8324/1.94339000307.43.8 .08.9 82..47/39490 47/..041385741.0/0110.    !705.3/574-028:83847907 088.3/3897:.4380390.42570038-03897:.3..3/'033/.94303.9:708 9.943 8500.0784189:/0398.58  /.:8038890.4250803903. 9–f¯     $%$ $%#%$  .90:80/ /:73./.3/42047.3/90728.708/:73. 4/08905 - 8905574.3989:/0398 :801.47.3/703147.9438 .903047/8./..3/70.9 .333.897.94/4.88320398.7:897.08    0.943.557457..3078 2.:/0 570 .  .9438.89343  89:/03984.0413897:.3/299003941803903.3/:83089:708  70.9008  300.0598.0 ..901:03.0.90.3/3.425..4/ 4347/8 .0884347:39    490:8041-3:..088      .98050.3/4907..09489:/0398  $97.9438 .:9:839038.425700384341.70900.7.:203989400598800939090..3-44.9.88320398 5740.73.3/.147:3/0789.943894..08843   89.798 4:9308 :3/073347 932.

//943.0..05740.3/.455479:3908147.9574.208 4 50079:9473 4 5007.039078 9.8 4 ./089:/03989./3.9..07-./3.4257003843-574.208 974:5740.00.9.98  492014747.88320398 4 3:2-070/0.9.:/0 4 8.95708039.9070.9./70.44507.08 4 .9089. &80.44507.733.05708843 3.:/4.9438   .9.44507. 05708843 %0803.

7488 .3/3390.990898.88088389:/0390.39   .3/0.0.9008147.:.8./32.907.8:55020398   &804:9308.425700384390.7057390/.:3/0789.8:..90.9.808 /7..:9:7.8 .  $97.733   -807.088793 90.450/   0.907.2.147.3/79903475447.36:094148907/0.3/49072.47.508 5.439039.04520394189:/0398 793 88   #010.86:089438 .40 007.4:04:73.089:/0398 .3/90 574.887442974::8041/85.08:709.9:708 :089850.4389.7 349.8 70.73348 8975894708 /.078 09.8  -47.

9438   49089:/03994:808. 050720398 70.7405./348 :897.

073.0.33/.03938.3:.8832039847 94.7120./:.5741..9.00850..339.03/43793.

3:.90081472574.3!.7039.07.0  $97.

$.44.

03...79307858-0900389:/0398.3.74:3/   438/075.0.0.3..9.943895./703475.70398 1 30.905.901706:0399905.422:3..0   .:9:7.70398.3/30-4:744/..8.3.:.422:394330..422:39 949:94789:/03983907 3.08471478.0      .70398.8.088.4:390078 5.3:.9.7   &805.3:.73.98 .90./:.8889.9438  422:3.-.8889.:9:7.3/.7084:7.70398147 4204705   389.7039.003300/0/ 38990 .8147902..9.01479:947389:/039839073. .8889.3/7084:7.88335740.791.03.3/.08941.041-3:.70398 385741.9.79.984742047706:735.3/.71742902:9.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful