Moi University | String Instruments | Musical Instruments


COURSE: CULTURAL STUDIES CODE: EPE 103 TASK: Identify eight types of musical instruments and give a traditional or English translation. NAME: ETYANG JOHN KELVIN REG NO: EDH/1054/11 LECTUTER: MR. MAKOBILA


They include Drums (Atenus) This is a percussion traditional musical instrument that was commonly played in Teso community. This instrument is made either from clay. They are hit by small sticks to produce sound while atenus is hit by hands mostly by women and it produces low pitch. Drums bring power that derives a performance. In summery: Atenus accompanied by Ideta. marriage and funeral. Mostly a log is perforated and end of it covered by skin. Etida drums accompanied by the Itelele are used when performing Etida dance which is a curative dance. It is the largest drum among the iteso people and its always accompanied by other four small drums varied in sizes called Ideta. Etida accompanied by itelele and Emidiri the two cylindrical drums. Flutes (Auleru) This is one of Iteso traditional musical instrument which air is blown into a mouth piece. Drums were used for “talking” that is sending information and signals by initiating speech. The Ideta drums are used to accompany atenus by producing high sounds. Therewith producing a vibration generating a sound without the use of lips. Drumming music and dance are almost always an accompanied for any manner of ceremony. today there is only naturally also used metal or plastic. The Emidiri drums which are cylindrical in shape are used in the twin” ceremony. . Atenus which 5-8ft in length and 23ft width. Some are used as children’s toys or in rituals in various tribes in the Iteso community more especially those found in Kenya.(TESO) The musical instruments played on important role in accompanying the songs and “dancer”. wood or animal horns. This method is applied in connection with mouthpiece of the flute. The drum is called Atenus in Teso translation.Identify eight types of musical instruments and give a traditional or English translation.

Adeudeu This is a traditional bow harp-arched harp stringed instrument.1 and 5 are tuned octaves. The strings are wound tightly around the fibre which serve as a tune reg. The highest note in the scale is the third from the left and the lowest string is the fifth. where they are attached and tuned with pegs. The harp is used to accompany epic and lyrical songs and it is also used as a solo instrument. a wooden resonator(sound box) in which the neck is fixed and a series of parallel strings of an equal lengths that are plucked. The endongo has six to eight strings which are plucked. The first. The lyre has a four –sided frame consisting of the sound box. The strings are made of ox tendon attached to platted leather rings that can be slid up and down the crossbar to tune the strings. The Adungu consist of an arched neck. two arms and crossbar. crossbar. The strings are fixed at one end to the resonator and run at an oblique angle to the neck. The player holds the instrument in front of him. Strings 7. The harp is also used to accompany epic and lyrical songs. the serries to hold the strings. Nowadays they also play in churches.stringed arched (bow)harp. seventh and eighth respectively. Endongo It is a stringed instrument the Iteso played to lead a wedding dance. second and third strings are tuned in octaves with sixth. It is made with a large hemispherical sound –box made from a guord.4. and it is also used as a solo instrument. Player of arched harps have had a high social status and are in royal retinues. In traditional music the instrument is tuned in a pentatonic (five-note) scale. (embaga). dividing then into two parallel sets. It is played either solo or accompany songs of praise. Adungu The Adungu is a nine. but it can also be tuned in modern style to adiatonic scale. .2. The strings run along the two sides a large notched bridge in the center of the sound table. so that he may pluck the strings between the bridges and the with the thumbs and forefingers of each hand. The endongo has one hole has two pieces of cloth. bank bananas leaves wrapped around the frame. It is a six stringed instrument adeudeu (bow-harp) of the Iteso.

usually with four finger holes. It exists in many different names as:Akogo.It emphasizes the narrative and story. It is also called Aunene-ground bow by the Iteso people. The strings run parallel to the resonator. Alamaru is a dominant instrument and it is played in combination with other wind or percussion instruments. The instrument may be accompanied by drums.shaped sound box with a fairy long wooden neck. which extends the entire length of the strings. The musician holds the instruments in both hands uses his thumbs to plack the slightly upturned free end of the tines. which enters the resonator. The Iteso people use this flute mostly solo or they accompany it with an akogo (finger piano). The sound box made from aguord. Aunene It is a musical bow-string instrument. vary regionally. The Ennanga is strickly a solo instrument and has eight strings.dirge songs and humorous songs.telling tradition of the people. Alamaru It is a flute that is widely used in the Iteso community. .string Instrument . This instrument is thought to have been developed from hunting bow made to shoot arrows. It is played both as a solo and accompaniment of instrument. praise songs. Akadongo or Akalimba. The number and arrangement of the tires or lameline.percussion instrument.Ennanga It is a wooden zither. which change pitch depending on the tension of the bow.epic. It is usually played solo.shaped slit end of the instrument. which run above a wooden trough. It is the only one string. It is also used to play smooth melodies for grazing cattle or to interpret love songs. It is the mother of all string instruments. perhaps to relieve atrarelers solitary trek a night caretakers long watch. It consists of a series of flexible metal or cane tongue of varying lengths fixed a wooden plate or prapezoidal sound box. Akogo/Akadongo It is a thumb piano. The instrument is blown at the slightly v. and it dates back to very early times. Ancient painting depict there instruments often in hands of women. Love songs. The instrument has a boat.

or lament. it takes its name from blowing action and the kind of sound the instrument produces. It is accompanied with a set of drums or played singly. Arupepe is used in palaces at ceremonies like crowning and marriage of kings. . sung by both men and women. trio or together with other instruments. The horn is covered with only cow skin to give a beautiful finish of different colors. It is with sets of royal trumpets. It is made of long cow horn with only one mouth hole used for communicating messages. Akadingidi It is a tube fiddle.This instrument is played to enunciate words and phrases as if to parrot human language. Arupepe It is a hand – blown instrument that requires a lot of energy for blowing. It is essentially a solo instrument with voice but can also be played as a duet.The instrument accompanies a repertoire of “songs for thought”. anniversaries and burials.

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