This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Homi J. Bhabha
Homi Bhaba (1909-1966) Born 30 October 1909 Bombay, British India, Present-day India 24 January 1966 (aged 56) Mont Blanc, France New Delhi, India India Indian Nuclear Physics Atomic Energy Commission of India Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Cavendish Laboratory Indian Institute of Science Indian National Committee for Space Research Elphinstone College Royal Institute of Science University of Cambridge Ralph H. Fowler
Residence Citizenship Nationality Fields Institutions
Other academic advisors Paul Dirac Known for Indian nuclear program(also known as Father of India nuclear program) Cosmic Rays point particles Padma Bhushan (1954)
Notes Bhabha was a close and personal friend of Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
Not to be confused with Homi K. Bhabha Homi Jehangir Bhabha, FRS (30 October 1909 – 24 January 1966) was an Indian nuclear physicist and the chief architect of the Indian atomic energy program. He was also responsible for the establishment of two well-known research institutions, namely the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), and the Atomic Energy Establishment at Trombay (which after Bhabha's death was renamed as the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)). As a scientist, he is remembered for deriving a correct expression for the probability of scattering positrons by electrons, a process now known as Bhabha scattering. For his significant contributions to the
the laboratory was the center of a number of scientific breakthroughs. and served as President of the United Nations Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in Geneva. in which performed the first calculation to determine the cross section of electron-positron scattering. headed by Nobel laureate C. Bhabha died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc. he worked at the Cavendish Laboratory while working towards his doctorate in theoretical physics. During his studentship. Switzerland in 1955.The paper helped him win the Isaac Newton Studentship in 1934. In the 1950s. He chose to remain in India until the war ended. In the meantime. he embarked on his mathematical studies under Paul Dirac to complete the Mathematics Tripos.Homi J. World War II broke out in September 1939 while Bhabha was vacationing in India. he completed his doctoral studies in theoretical physics under Ralph H. while heading to Vienna. John Cockcroft and Ernest Walton transmuted lithium with high-energy protons. he accepted a position at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Bhabha published his first scientific paper. Higher education and research at Cambridge At Cambridge Bhabha's interests gradually shifted to theoretical physics. In 1932. he split his time working at Cambridge and with Niels Bohr in Copenhagen. In 1935. This was due to the insistence of his father and his uncle Dorab Tata. Bhabha represented India in International Atomic Energy Forums. He received his early education at Bombay's Cathedral Grammar School and entered Elphinstone College at age 15 after passing his Senior Cambridge Examination with Honors. Afterwards. In January 1966. in honor of his contributions in the field. During the 1931–1932 academic year. and he agreed to finance his studies in mathematics provided that he obtain first class on his Mechanical Sciences Tripos exam. Series A. Bhabha development of atomic energy in India. Bhabha was awarded the Salomons Studentship in Engineering. he obtained first class on his Mathematical Tripos and was awarded the Rouse Ball traveling studentship in mathematics. through which he was related to Dinshaw Maneckji Petit. In 1928 Bhabha in a letter to his father. The following year. . Austria to attend a meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency's Scientific Advisory Committee. James Chadwick had discovered the neutron. V. who planned for Bhabha to obtain an engineering degree from Cambridge and then return to India. At the time. he is known as the father of India's nuclear program. In the publication. and the Atomic Energy Commission of India three years later. Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Dorab Tata. where he would join the Tata Iron and Steel Company in Jamshedpur. He established the Cosmic Ray Research Unit at the institute. Raman. Electron-positron scattering was later named Bhabha scattering. he established the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay. and began to work on the theory of the movement of point particles. Research in theoretical physics In January 1933. He then attended the Royal Institute of Science until 1927 before joining Caius College of Cambridge University. Fowler. which he held for the next three years. He was awarded Padma Bhushan by Government of India in 1954. Bhabha's father understood his son's predicament. Bhabha published a paper in the Proceedings of the Royal Society. 2 Early life Bhabha was born into a wealthy and prominent Parsi family. Meanwhile. Bhabha offered an explanation of the absorption features and electron shower production in cosmic rays. and Patrick Blackett and Giuseppe Occhialini used cloud chambers to demonstrate the production of electron pairs and showers by gamma radiation. "The Absorption of Cosmic radition". He later served as the member of the Indian Cabinet's Scientific Advisory Committee and set up the Indian National Committee for Space Research with Vikram Sarabhai. Bhabha took the Tripos exam in June 1930 and passed with first class. In 1945.
he played an instrumental role in the establishment of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay. He accepted an offer to serve as the Reader in the Physics Department of the Indian Institute of Science. Bhabha selected a few students. This prompted him to send a proposal in March 1944 to the Sir Dorab J. When Bhabha realized that technology development for the atomic energy programme could no longer be carried out within TIFR he proposed to the government to build a new laboratory entirely devoted to this purpose. the two published a paper. and experimental research on cosmic rays. With the help of J. Tata. In 1948 the Institute was moved into the old buildings of the Royal Yacht club. The same year the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) was also established. in which they used their theory to describe how primary cosmic rays from outer space interact with the upper atmosphere to produce particles observed at the ground level. Series A. Thus the Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay (AEET) started functioning in 1954. which helped him continue his work at Cambridge until the outbreak of World War II in 1939. and other frontiers of knowledge in physics.  ” The trustees of Sir Dorab J. Tata Trust for establishing 'a vigorous school of research in fundamental physics'. Raman. The subjects on which research and advanced teaching would be done would be theoretical physics. when nuclear energy has been successfully applied for power production in say a couple of decades from now. to work with him. Bhabha later concluded that observations of the properties of such particles would lead to the straightforward experimental verification of Albert Einstein's theory of relativity. there was no institute in India which had the necessary facilities for original work in nuclear physics. He represented India in International Atomic Energy Forums. was inaugurated in 1945 in 540 square meters of hired space in an existing building. named Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. and as President of the United Nations Conference on the . Atomic Energy in India When Bhabha was working at the Indian Institute of Science. Tata Trust decided to accept Bhabha's proposal and financial responsibility for starting the Institute in April 1944. both theoretical and experimental. which he used to establish the Cosmic Ray Research Unit at the institute. scattered all over India competent workers who are not doing as good work as they would do if brought together in one place under proper direction. He received a special research grant from the Sir Dorab Tata Trust. however. he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society . Bhabha was in India for a brief holiday when World War II broke out. "The Passage of Fast Electrons and the Theory of Cosmic Showers" in the Proceedings of the Royal Society. and he decided not to return to England for the time being. R. For this purpose.. The institute. There are. If much of the applied research done in India today is disappointing or of very inferior quality it is entirely due to the absence of sufficient number of outstanding pure research workers who would set the standard of good research and act on the directing boards in an advisory capacity . India will not have to look abroad for its experts but will find them ready at hand. including Harish-Chandra. I do not think that anyone acquainted with scientific development in other countries would deny the need in India for such a school as I propose. Moreover. In 1937. Later. then headed by renowned physicist C. 1200 acres of land was acquired at Trombay from the Bombay Government.. Bombay was chosen as the location for the prosed Institute as the Government of Bombay showed interest in becoming a joint founder of the proposed institute. Bhabha was awarded the Senior Studentship of the 1851 Exhibition. It is neither possible nor desirable to separate nuclear physics from cosmic rays since the two are closely connected theoretically. high energy physics. on 20 March 1941. D. cosmic rays. Bhabha In 1936. In his proposal he wrote : “ There is at the moment in India no big school of research in the fundamental problems of physics. It is absolutely in the interest of India to have a vigorous school of research in fundamental physics. for such a school forms the spearhead of research not only in less advanced branches of physics but also in problems of immediate practical application in industry.Homi J. Bhabha and Heitler then made numerical estimates of the number of electrons in the cascade process at different altitudes for different electron initiation energies. V. 3 Return to India In September 1939. especially on fundamental problems and with special reference to cosmic rays and nuclear physics. The calculations agreed with the experimental observations of cosmic ray showers made by Bruno Rossi and Pierre Victor Auger a few years before.
wlu. Retrieved 25 June 2011. org/ publications/ BookofMembers/ ChapterB. besides being an amateur botanist. Switzerland in 1955. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1958. In addition to being an able scientist and administrator. Mumbai. 1966. in Geneva. 4 Death and legacy He died when Air India Flight 101 crashed near Mont Blanc on January 24. edu/qsearch. an Indian deemed university and the Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education. space science. Bhabha also encouraged research in electronics. vigyanprasar.Homi J. The Homi Bhabha Fellowship Council has been giving the Homi Bhabha Fellowships since 1967 Other noted institutions in his name are the Homi Bhabha National Institute. in/ scientists/ bhabha/ BHABHANEW. Bhabha from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues (http://alsos. and it became a reality in 1970. page 216.  "Book of Members. amacad. pdf). . Pan Macmillan Ltd. the Atomic Energy Establishment at Trombay was renamed as the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in his honour. . gov. radio astronomy and microbiology. American Academy of Arts and Sciences.+Homi). HTM)  Ramachandra Guha (2008).He is one of the most prominent scientists that India has ever had. Bhabha was also a painter and a classical music and opera enthusiast. 1780–2010: Chapter B" (http:/ / www. India. After his death. External References • Annotated Bibliography for Homi J.aspx?browse=people/Bhabha. including a conspiracy theory in which CIA is involved in order to paralyze Indian nuclear weapon programme. London. References  Homi Jehangir Bhabha (http:/ / www. India After Gandhi. The famed radio telescope at Ooty. Many possible theories have been advanced for the aircrash. Bhabha Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy.. India was his initiative.
Hagerman. MZMcBride. Utcursch. Bhabha Source: http://en. Jessel. Ageo020. Fys. Chochopk. InverseHypercube. Amillar.wikipedia. IMpbt. Bletchley. Richard Arthur Norton (1958.org/w/index.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2. Basilicofresco. Demmy. Tpvipin. SuperGirl. Mannerheim. Rajvaddhan. Lal4661. Na9an. Dearsanthosh. Tarush1990. RG2. MaximvsDecimvs. Theta. Plucas58. Instinct. Cassinova. Sylvain Mielot.org/licenses/by-sa/3. Off2riorob. Fastfission. Omoo. Kwan Hwa. Akt111. Lovysinghal. Nishkid64. Bharat 21. Dewan357.). Hdpal. Mitso Bel. GcSwRhIc. ChiragPatnaik. Aumnamahashiva.org/w/index. Licenses and Contributors File:Homi Jehangir Bhabha. Kartikkaul1. Digitalme. Alren.zeta. Ixfd64. Vikramadityabhardwaj21. Pratik. Salih. Shyamsunder. Japanese Searobin. Jaraalbe. Jpbowen. Dinakarr. Iniks. Headbomb. Allstarecho.0 Unported //creativecommons. Fullstop. John of Reading. 120 anonymous edits Image Sources. Olando. Mel Etitis. Ekabhishek.0 Contributors: Konrad Jacobs. Teleutomyrmex. Amitdotchauhan. Shivap.mallya. SlaveToTheWage. Woohookitty.php?title=File:Homi_Jehangir_Bhabha. Saish sa sawant. John. NSH001.Article Sources and Contributors 5 Article Sources and Contributors Homi J. Moonriddengirl. Spundun. Roisterer. CommonsDelinker. Bender235. Bakasuprman. Kkm010. WhisperToMe. Arun. Sardanaphalus. R'n'B.wikipedia.php?oldid=452790393 Contributors: -Midorihana-. Plasticup. Mairi. Crharish. Dudewheresmywallet. Δ. Hindustanilanguage.0/ . Stemonitis. Kc27. BigDukeSix. Darklilac. DuncanHill. Zscout370. Lazylaces. Ironboy11. Wknight94. John Carter.jpg Source: http://en. Wiccan Quagga. ParideLegovini. Mhym. Xezbeth. Hvn0413. David Straub. Easwarno1. Legaleagle86. PrinceRegentLuitpold. Fizzycyst. Roghov. Erlangen License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Bharatveer. Wikipelli. Quadell. TheParanoidOne.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.