THERMAL ENVIRONMENT ENGINEERING

Hantoro, R. Energy And Environmental Engineering Laboratory Engineering Physics - ITS

© American Standard Inc. 1999

Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro, R.

Refrigeration System Components
Air Conditioning Clinic

© American Standard Inc. 1999

Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN

Vapor-Compression Refrigeration
condenser

expansion device compressor

evaporator
© American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro, R.

Refrigeration System Components period one Refrigeration Cycle © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN .

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.Refrigeration Cycle pressure A evaporator B enthalpy © American Standard Inc. .

Refrigeration Cycle C pressure compressor A B evaporator enthalpy © American Standard Inc. . R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

Refrigeration Cycle

D pressure

condenser

C

compressor A B

evaporator

enthalpy
© American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro, R.

Refrigeration Cycle

D pressure expansion device A

condenser

C

compressor B

evaporator

enthalpy
© American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro, R.

Refrigeration System Components
period two

Condensers

© American Standard Inc. 1999

Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN

1999 subcooler Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. . R.Air-Cooled Condenser propeller fan outdoor air condenser coil © American Standard Inc.

R.Effect of Subcooling subcooling C DI { D pressure AI A refrigeration effect enthalpy © American Standard Inc. . 1999 B Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

Centrifugal Fan Air-Cooled Condenser condenser coil centrifugal fan © American Standard Inc. . R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

liquid refrigerant .Evaporative Condenser fan refrigerant vapor condenser coil sump © American Standard Inc. R. 1999 pump subcooler Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

1999 subcooler Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Water-Cooled Condenser hot. R. refrigerant vapor 95ºF [35ºC] cooling water 85ºF [29ºC] subcooled. . liquid refrigerant © American Standard Inc.

.Cooling Tower propeller fan sprays fill outdoor air sump 85ºF [29ºC] © American Standard Inc. 1999 to condenser from condenser 95ºF [35ºC] Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.

R. . 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Condenser Control Condenser capacity is influenced by: Temperature difference between refrigerant and cooling media Flow rate of cooling media through condenser Flow rate of refrigerant through condenser © American Standard Inc.

R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Condenser Capacity full load condenser heat rejection capacity full load pressure part load part load condenser heat rejection capacity enthalpy © American Standard Inc. .

Condensing Temperature Control flowflow-regulating valve condenser condenser water pump © American Standard Inc. . R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Vary Condenser Water Flow Rate cooling tower cooling tower condenser variablevariable-speed drive diverting valve bypass pipe condenser © American Standard Inc. R. .

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. . R.Vary Entering Water Temperature variablevariablespeed drive cooling tower condenser bypass pipe diverting valve cooling tower condenser © American Standard Inc.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. . R.Cooling Tower Bypass 40ºF [4ºC] cooling tower bypass pipe diverting valve 65ºF [18ºC] 55ºF [13ºC] condenser © American Standard Inc.

R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Air-Cooled Condenser Control damper A B condenser airflow fan A fan B fan A heat rejection capacity © American Standard Inc. .

R.Condenser Flooding Control B C condenser A liquid receiver expansion valve evaporator discharge line © American Standard Inc. 1999 compressor Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .

Refrigeration System Components period three Evaporators © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN .

. R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Finned-Tube Evaporator liquid/vapor refrigerant airflow refrigerant vapor © American Standard Inc.

R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Turbulent Flow © American Standard Inc. .

R. .Finned-Tube Evaporator liquid/vapor refrigerant airflow liquid distributor suction header © American Standard Inc. 1999 refrigerant vapor Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

Superheat B A B A C © American Standard Inc. 1999 C superheat Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. { . R.

R. 1999 .Shell-and-Tube Evaporator chilled water supply baffles chilled water return refrigerant vapor liquid/vapor refrigerant Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. tube bundle © American Standard Inc.

.Shell-and-Tube Evaporator baffles © American Standard Inc. R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Evaporator Control Evaporator capacity is influenced by: Temperature difference between refrigerant and air or water being cooled Flow rate of air or water through evaporator Flow rate of refrigerant through evaporator © American Standard Inc. . R.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. . R.Finned-Tube Evaporator Control expansion valve evaporator liquid refrigerant refrigerant vapor © American Standard Inc.

R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Face-Split Arrangement distributors © American Standard Inc. .

1ºC] © American Standard Inc. . 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Face-Split Arrangement 80ºF [27ºC] 55ºF [13ºC] 80ºF [27ºC] 30ºF [-1. R.

R.Intertwined Arrangement © American Standard Inc. . 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Row-Split Arrangement © American Standard Inc. . R.

R. .Row-Split Arrangement 70ºF [21ºC] 80ºF [27ºC] 55ºF [13ºC] © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

R.Shell-and-Tube Evaporator Control shell-andshell-and-tube evaporator refrigerant vapor liquid refrigerant © American Standard Inc. . 1999 expansion valve Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN .Refrigeration System Components period four Expansion Devices © American Standard Inc.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. . R.Expansion Device D pressure expansion device A condenser C compressor B evaporator enthalpy © American Standard Inc.

liquid refrigerant .Thermostatic Expansion Valve thermostatic expansion valve (TXV) evaporator liquid/vapor mixture A refrigerant vapor © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.

. R.TXV Control liquid refrigerant A liquid/vapor mixture refrigerant vapor © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R. .TXV Control liquid refrigerant liquid/vapor mixture © American Standard Inc.

8ºC] A superheated vapor © American Standard Inc. 42. 109ºF [2 MPa. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. 41ºF [0. R. .Superheat 85 psia.59 MPa. 5ºC] TXV liquid refrigerant 290 psia.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .8ºC] 49ºF [9. 109ºF 79 psia [0.54 MPa] [2 MPa.4ºC] © American Standard Inc. 5ºC] TXV 290 psia. R. 41ºF [0.59 MPa.Superheat 85 psia. 42.

. 1999 external equalizer distributor Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.TXV Operation diaphragm evaporator spring remote bulb suction line © American Standard Inc.

.13 MPa] suction line © American Standard Inc.67 MPa] 49ºF [94ºC] spring 79 psia [0.TXV Operation valve diaphragm 97 psia [0.54 MPa] 79 psia 18 psi [0. 1999 valve pin Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.54 MPa] [0.

TXV Operation external equalizer TXV remote bulb © American Standard Inc. R. . 1999 B A C Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

.Superheat Setting Too little superheat: Risk of damage to compressor by liquid refrigerant Too much superheat: Reduction of system efficiency Potential of coil frosting Risk of compressor damage due to overheating © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN .Refrigeration System Components period five Accessories © American Standard Inc.

R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .Solenoid Valve © American Standard Inc.

R. . 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Solenoid Valve expansion valve finnedfinned-tube evaporator solenoid valves © American Standard Inc.

R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .Solenoid Valve liquid line condenser expansion valve compressor evaporator suction line discharge line solenoid valve © American Standard Inc.

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.Liquid-Line Filter Drier liquid line liquidliquid-line filter drier expansion valve solenoid valve evaporator © American Standard Inc. .

.Liquid-Line Filter Drier replaceable core type core sealed type © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.

Moisture-Indicating Sight Glass liquid line sight glass expansion valve © American Standard Inc. R. . 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

Suction Line Filter suction line filter suction line compressor © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R. .

1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.Suction Line Filter replaceable core type sealed type © American Standard Inc. .

1999 perforated tube Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .Hot Gas Muffler reciprocating compressor hot gas muffler shell discharge line © American Standard Inc. R.

Shutoff Valve shutoff valve liquid line condenser liquidliquid-line filter drier evaporator compressor shutoff valve shutoff valves © American Standard Inc. R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .

.Access Port condenser liquid line access port evaporator compressor suction line access ports © American Standard Inc. R. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

Refrigeration System Components period six Review © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic TRG-TRC005-EN .

R.Review—Period One D pressure expansion device A condenser C compressor B evaporator enthalpy © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. .

R. .Review—Period Two evaporative condenser air-cooled condenser water-cooled condenser © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.

R. . 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro.Review—Period Three finned-tube evaporator shell-and-tube evaporator © American Standard Inc.

.Review—Period Four evaporator TXV remote bulb external equalizer © American Standard Inc. 1999 Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. R.

access port TXV suction line filter compressor liquidliquid-line filter drier © American Standard Inc. R.Review—Period Five shutoff valve condenser solenoid valve sight glass evaporator Air Conditioning Clinic – Hantoro. 1999 .

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