Scheme of Selection The existing scheme of selection was initially designed in the US army, after the second World

War. The system was adopted in the selection of officers in Army, Navy and Air Force for induction through National Defence Academy, Army Cadet Corps, Officers Training Academy, Indian Military Academy, Air Force Academy or Naval Academy. The slection process has the following stages/components. (a) Psychological/Intelligence Test. (b) Group Testing Officer's (GTO's) Test. (c) Personal Interview. (d) Medical Examination. It is evident that the interview is mainly confined to first three stages of examination while the fourth one concerns the medical examination of only those who get through in the SSB interview comprising of first three components. Evaluation of a candidate is made by three independent examiners. The psychological test is carried out by a psychologist and GTO test is given by a Group Testing Officer (GTO). Personal interview is carried out by the interviewing officer who usually is also the President of the Board. The interview being an integrated process, culminates with the conference on the final day when all the three examiners gete together to give the final assessment of the candidate. If there is any doubt on any aspect of the personality of the candidate, a few questions are put to him/her and the evaluation is done accordingly. All the candidates who manage to obtain minimum prescribed marks are declared selected. There is no quota or percentage fixed about the number of candidates to be selected and the selection purely depends on the performance of the individuals. The selected candidates then have to undergo a comprehensive medical examination to be finally recommended for selection. Through this series of features on careers an effort is being made to acquaint the candidates, particularly the fresh candidates, with the techniques of SSB interviews and strategy to be adopted to overcome this final hurdle to a challenging career in the defence forces. In the first part of this series, psychological tests are being dealt with in detail. The scheme of selection is almost same for Army, Navy and Air Force with the only difference that in case of interviews for the flying branch of Air Force, an additional aptitude test is given to the candidates right at the beginning. The interview usually lasts for four to five days and the arrangements for free boarding and lodging are made for the candidates. Moreover, the candidates appearing before the Board for the first time are entitled to claim travelling allowance for to-and-fro journey upto the selection centre. Questionnaire Immediately on arrival at the Selection Board a questionnaire is given to all the candidates in which, in addition to personal details, including educational qualifications and details of family, hobbies, games and other extra curricular activities, details about other important happenings in life, friends, ambitions, etc are also sought from the candidates. This questionnaire usually forms the basis for interview. This part also assumes importance, considering the fact that it is of importance to a psychologist to know what a candidate thinks of oneself. Psychological Tests (a) Intelligence Tests: First and important part of pscychological tests is the intelligence test. There are two types of intelligence tests. In the first, usually 80 questions are required to be answered within 30 or 35 minutes. The time is lesser for the second in which 60 questions on figures are required to be answered in 20 to 25 minutes. This test presumes that even under adverse circumstances an intelligent person will be able to answer more number of questions accurately. The questions are objective type with multiple choice answers. To attempt maximum number of questions correctly, the candidates are advised to attempt those questions to start with, about which they are fully sure. The questions which need some more time to answer, must be skipped initially and if after attempting other questions there is some time left, it can then be devoted to the left-out questions. Exhaustive practice in these tests, which appear regularly in the Competition Master, can be of great help in attempting the intelligence tests effectively. A candidate who achieves a good score in

these tests may get the benefit of being placed higher in the order of merit if he/she finally makes it in the interview. (b) Word Association Test: This test aims at judging the personality traits and basic psychology of a candidate. It brings out attitudes, thoughts, desires, feelings and even negative aspects of one's personality. For testing the word association, candidates are shown a word of common usage for about 15 seconds, during which time candidates are supposed to write a sentence. After 15 seconds are over, another word is exposed for 15 seconds, the process continues and candidates are asked to write 50 sentences. The words are easy and of day-to-day usage. Time given to the candidates is so short that they have to write down the very first thought that comes after seeing the word. The psychologists analyse the personality traits, attitudes and feelings on the basis of these natural reactions of the candidates to specific words. There can be no readymade solutions to the word association test. However, with a little bit of practice the candidates can choose correct sentence. The pessimistic, negative, pervert and counter-productive feelings must be avoided whereas positive feelings of success, honesty, respectfulness, uprightness, optimism, humanism, etc should be highlighted. For example, the word "failure", can be used as "Failure cannot always be avoided", or "Failures are the pillars of success". Whereas the former sentence depicts pessimism and defeat, the latter sentence shows how a negative word can also be used in a positive manner. On similar lines the candidates must prepare himself beforehand for words like defeat, death, disease wrong, etc. It must be ensured that the sentences used are small and convey some positive aspect of one's psyche. Due care must be taken to ensure that the sentences do not depict the feeling of fear, insecurity, anxiety, cowardice, etc. To do well in this test the candidates must practice with several sets of words and do the self appraisal. (c) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT): This technique, also called picture story writing, is one of the most important aspects of psychological test at SSBs. This technique aims at judging the overall personality of a candidate by judging the traits like fearlessness, positive frame of mind, initiative, judgement, courage, temperament, ambitions, and more particularly candidates' suitability for the armed forces. This test is conducted by showing several slides/pictures (usually ten) to the candidate for a short while. Then he is asked to write a small story on the picture. The picture is shown for 30 seconds and the candidate is given a time of 3 minutes for writing a brief story. Needless to say that the time duration is very less and the candidates must think and write fast to complete the story within the stipulated time. The candidates need special practice to attempt this test successfully. It must be clearly understood that the story which is written by the candidates, depicts their own thoughts, perceptions and imaginations. Hence the initial 30-second time while the picture is displayed, must be utilised in most useful manner. After devoting minimum possible time for understanding the picture, the candidate should appreciate the situation, identify the hero of the story and prepare a simple but well thought of plot for the story. The plot should be simple considering the fact that the story has to be written within 3-minutes. The planned story should depict the feelings of courage, success, hard-work, initiative, ambition, achievement, helpfulness, patriotism and positive bent of mind. It should be ensured that no unnecessary time is wasted in describing the picture. The picture only depicts one of the situations which could form part of the story. It is pertinent to add that candidates may expect at least one picture each about hospital scene, war, road accident, a captive lady, a frustrated youth, a river, a thief, a graveyard, etc. There may be a few vague pictures also. Practice on writing stories on above situation/pictures would assist the candidates to do well in this test. (d) Situation Reaction Test (SRT): This is last in the series of psychological tests. In the SRT, the candidates are given 4 to 5 reactions to a particular day-to-day situation and the candidates are asked to choose the most appropriate one. This test aims at judging a candidate's aptitude towards cooperation, group interests and positive thinking. No answer is outrightly incorrect or correct. The candidates get weighted marks depending on the degree of correctness of an answer. In all 50 to 60 situations have to be reacted upon in 25 to 30 minutes. The candidates must exercise due care while choosing the alternatives as two to three alternatives may appear to be correct. The answer which appears to be the best in a real life situation must be chosen. Initially, questions appearing easier to answer should be chosen and the candidates should avoid conflicting replies and be considered. The second part of the interview contains Group Testing Officer's (GTO's) Test. While the first part aims at testing the intelligence and frame of mind of a candidate, the GTO's test is a complete test of one's personality, including physical fitness, mental obustness, leadership qualities, planning flexibility, expression, knowledge, argumentative capabilities, etc. In other words, the performance of every candidate

Group Obstacle Race. students and politics. argumentative capabilities. Proper tone. on the basis of which the group is asked to proceed with discussion. keen interest. . After the discussion on the first topic is closed. others are also asked to give their plans if there is some material difference in the plan. initiative. clarity in expression. Soon after writing down the solution. evils of dowry. The group discussion tests the expression. The group then nominates a leader who gets up and gives the group plan. participation and authenticity of a candidate. keenly observes the candidates for their qualities like cooperation. Each candidate is given the situation in which some problem like taking a patient to hospital within stipulated time. etc.is gauged as a member of a group. the candidates are required to prepare a plan to successfully accomplish the task. Considering these given limitations and facilities. and leader of the group. a situation is given to the candidates usually on a sand model or cloth model. role of women. GTO gives the second topic. To do well at group discussions. It is always better to take the initiative to start the discussion. the group is asked to discuss the solutions and arrive at a group plan. Half Group Task and Final Group Task. The candidates must properly appreciate the problem. it is suggested that the candidates should prepare well by selecting certain topics of general interest like role of science. By actively participating in the group plan discussion. reporting the matter to the police or any other situation is depicted and certain facilities as well as limitations are explained. The GTO. so that his/her behaviour as equal. The time for discussion is approximately 20 minutes. It has four sub-parts including Progressive Group Task. flexibility and knowledge are some of the properties which are sought by the GTO. volume and level of voice are other important aspects of a good candidate. appreciation of opinion of others. sports. group belonging feelings. After this. Usually two topics of general interest are given by the GTO to the group and the group is asked to choose one of the topics. carry out a mental framework of line of discussion to be pursued and plan the discussion quickly. status of Indian women. the candidates should try to get themselves nominated as the group leader to get an edge over the other candidates. The candidates must comprehend the topic properly. superior or subordinate is keenly observed and assessed. After considering the pros and cons of every alternative. In addition. is about 10 minutes. natural leadership qualities. therefore. For this exercise a further time of about 20 minutes is given. The individual plan tests the analytical ability and the discussion of the group plan sees whether the candidate is prepared to accept a superior plan over his plan or he is able to convince the group about superiority of his plan against an inferior plan being considered by the group. Group Planning Exercise Under the group planning exercise. to write down the solution. democracy. opportunity is provided to the natural leaders to emerge as leaders and take over the reins of the group. family planning. The group worthiness of a candidate is tested. Group Obstacles Next part of GTO's fest is the group obstacles. The GTO's test includes the following six broad sub-tests:       Group discussion Group planning exercise Group obstacles Command Task Individual obstacles Lecturette Group Discussion Candidates are divided in groups of 8 to 10 and each group is tested by a GTO. Self confidence. the GTO quietly observes the performance and behaviour of the candidates and makes his own assessment. flexibility. During the discussion. compulsory military training. take stock of the resources available with them and then try to generate some alternatives in the given situation. These tasks are designed to test the behaviour of a candidate in a group where there are no group leaders nominated. The time allotted to the candidates. The test is planned to test the understanding and analytical capability of the candidates. depth of knowledge. best alternative should be accepted. Every candidate is supposed to express his opinion and views on the topic given. in a group where no one is nominated a group leader.

have a clear head and clear line of thinking. Half group task is given by dividing the group into two sub-groups. Normally. this test aims at looking for bare minimum level of physical fitness. This candidate is given about four topic of general nature which do not need any specialised knowledge. facilitating the GTO in observing the candidates in a better manner. choose his team carefully. A leader should be able to speak effectively. Nevertheless. a person who is shy by nature.planning. This reflects his objective assessment of subordinates. The only change is that one candidate is nominated as a formal leader. one should be satisfied as in the words of one GTO "armed forces need officers. But in some cases. where there are more than one natural leaders. initiative and task orientation. Even if the candidate is unable to arrive at any solution he should try to assume the role of a mediator between several candidates having diverse solutions. swinging on ropes. Lecturette Lecturette is last in the series of GTO's tests and is aimed at testing the speech of a candidate. planks. choosing the best candidates who are cooperative and physically strong. or planning to cross these. Immediately on getting the solution. where they are declared leaders. the candidates must start asserting themselves by also seeking advice and suggestions of other candidates. therefore. The group is explained that within the obstacle area. Similarly. These obstacles include climbing ropes. plans to negotiate the obstacle and finally executes the plan. the leader should go ahead with the proper execution of the task by properly supervising and giving supplementary instructions if required. In the command task the nature of obstacles and facilitating material remain the same. Easier obstacles should be attempted first and even if one is unable to complete all the obstacles within three minutes. To do well at this test. the candidate must try to achieve a particular level of physical fitness before proceeding to the SSB interviews. the work should be got executed from the chosen candidates. Then the leader must explain to his men the objective or task. climbing wall. Under such a situation. There are usually more than one solution to each obstacle. etc. planning and analytical capabilities are checked and his capabilities to get a task executed are also tested. such a candidate gets more than maximum marks to the extent of repetition of obstacles. walking over a beam and parallel ropes. These qualities are tested by giving a small test to the candidates known as lecturette. but in case some part of obstacle negotiation needs his assistance. the candidate must select the subject/topic on . prepare for three minutes and then deliver a speech to the group for a period of three minutes. after completing all in the given time period. jumping. The group obstacle race is in the form of an intergroup race in which they also have to carry a sack type of load while crossing the obstacles. The candidate must. the strongest one will overshadow rest of them. not monkeys". The obstacles are not very tough and can be negotiated by any candidate with average physical fitness. The progressive group task has four tasks with each successive task getting tougher and final group task is the repeat exercise to facilitate the GTO to observe only the potential candidates. the natural leaders are allowed to emerge. the entire group has to cross the obstacle within a given period of time with the assistance of tools like ropes. asked to choose his team. wooden logs. The candidates are required to select one topic. While crossing these obstacles. The plan should be clear and spelt out in clear and commanding manner. While taking this test. in which particular parts are "out of bounds". may not be able to exhibit his leadership qualities in a group of equals and hence an opportunity is given to such candidates to show their worth in a formalised situation. At times. the commander may find it difficult to plan a solution to the obstacle. the candidates should think objectively to negotiate the obstacles with the help of given material. which can be built up by rigorous pre-commission training in the Training Acadmeies. Group obstacles in all the four sub-parts are in the form of obstacles which cannot be negotiated by an individual and need a group of persons to cross it. In case a candidate can repeat some of the obstacles. he should be ready to do so. Even while actually negotiating the obstacle endeavour should be to take on the most difficult tasks so that an impression of task orientation and leading by example is created in the mind of the GTO. etc. The relatively difficult obstacles carry higher marks and easier ones have lesser. the facilitating material available to them and spell out the plan as to how he planned to accomplish the task. attract attention while he is talking. In all the earlier exercises. After explaining the task to his men. the commander may ask the members of the group to suggest to him the possible solution. Individual Obstacles There are 10 obstacles which are required to be negotiated by every individual within a stipulated period of 3 minutes. Command Task Command Task is aimed at testing the leadership and command capabilities of candidates. The candidate's judgement.

detail of the brothers and sisters. parents or friends to which reaction of the candidate is judged. Final part of the personal interview may include a few questions on current topics. . sisters. place to which the candidate belonged. leadership. playing games. The GTO makes the assessment by assigning marks in each of the six exercises and then finally allots the aggregate marks on the basis of overall average assessment. it should also be ensured that no unnecessary details are given by the candidate. without its actually taking place. disposition. It is evident from the above that the GTO's test is a comprehensive test of one's personality. occupation of parents. a small administrative problem may be given to a candidate including organisation of a match or a picnic. philately. marks obtained etc are a few other questions that may be initially expected. The candidates should not be in a hurry to reply the questions. general knowledge. subjects offered. To keep the interview formal and the candidate at ease. The views expressed should be balanced and extreme positions in views should be avoided. be it reading. The information given by the candidate. The clarity of thoughts and ideas must be insured. the questions in the interview must be tackled very carefully. driving. Similarly. no candidate is expected to be perfect. initiative. It must be understood clearly that the President conducting the inverview handles several candidates every day and does the same thing over the years. Any attempt to hide some facts or give wrong facts will be certainly picked up by the experienced President and they usually make the candidate realise during the interview itself that he/she was trying to bluff. riding. girl/boy friends and the means adopted by the candidate to remain fit. photography or travelling. G. Capabilities of the candidates like knowledge. aspiring to become an officer in the armed forces. The questions should be properly understood and after considering the contents for a while. physical fitness. as every human being does have some weaknesses. one is expected to either play or have keen interest in some games. legs. Moreover. grasp and task orientation. planning capabilities. understanding. hobbies. forms the initial basis for questions during the course of interview. The replies should be to the point and relevant to the questions asked. Conduct At an average.T. The candidate is then asked to give his/her step by step planning and execution and perception of happening of the event. The President of the Board begins in a very friendly manner by asking very personal questions from the candidates like name. the President also observes the qualities of friendliness and the ease with which one can handle simple and personal questions. the candidates should be careful that they do not hide material facts or try to give wrong facts. gardening. The aim of the personal interview is to have a closer look at the personality of every candidate through conversation in friendly discussion. Every candidate is tested by a psychologist. Regarding personal questions. reply should be given. fingers etc should be avoided and the speech should be delivered in a pleasant but authoritative voice. and finally by the President or Deputy President of the Selection Board. on the very first day in the questionnaire.O. apart from the medical examination. How to tackle? As has been hinted above. An objective assessment of personality of the candidates is made by observing their behaviour in a group and as a leader as well. About 10 minutes-time is devoted on these questions so that the candidate is put at ease. However. some imaginary situation for reaction and small simple problems for judging the administrative planning capabilities of the candidate. Hence all these questions must be answered accordingly. he is trained to interview candidates in such a manner as the truth comes out. Similarly. is also expected to have friendship with the opposite sex. Problem solving may be judged by depicting a simple real-life imaginary situation involving the brothers. only one interviewer interacts with the candidate. names of good friends. swimming. Moreover. Personal interview is the last hurdle in the selection process to the defence forces through SSB Interviews. Name of the educational institutions where one studied. In addition to putting a candidate at ease. etc are tested by following a comprehensive and objective method of personality test. expression. Every young candidate. every person is expected to have a hobby. Unnecessary movements of hands.which he is fully confident of having enough knowledge and material to speak for three minutes. Other questions in the interview may be about games played. every interview lasts about 30-40 minutes. As a young and educated person.

Use of language and expression are the plus points but the candidates are usually not penalised for weak expression. but the candidates. They should react as if they would have done in a similar real life situation. but should be sober and properly cleaned. without any exaggeration. (b) "If you are not selected what would you do?" These are often-repeated questions and must be answered very honestly and correctly. therefore. clarify the doubts if any and after taking some time to think. Lack of confidence in replying to the questions reflects lack of knowledge and self-confidence. Hence. which invariably is also the right solution to the problem. must be exercised as this is one of the most crucial aspects of the interview. In a very . they should not be ashamed or evasive. be kept in mind that no unnecessary gesticulations are made with hands and sitting posture is also proper. Any contradiction reveals the untruthful intention of the candidate. Choosing a right course of action is not very difficult. One must enter the room after seeking permission. one is expected to thank the interviewer. Whatever is spoken from the mouth must be reflected from the eyes of the candidate as well the tone of his/her voice. The appearance and bearing of the candidate helps in making a good first impression. Similarly. The interviewers are trained to identify the signals sent by the body language alongwith the spoken word. the candidates must not bring in any artificiality and unnecessary heroism.P. Interview Etiquettes In addition to the above there are certain established interview etiquettes which must be strictly adhered to. At the same time one must not be over confident or arrogant. the questions on current affairs and general knowledge need a little-bit of brushing up of knowledge in this field. come out clearly with the course of action. Regular readers of "The Competition Master" normally do not find much difficulty in tackling this part. Rather than bluffing in this regard. however. Khanna. Candidates who feel less confident in this part are advised to consult the General Knowledge Refresher by O. While describing their achievements. as it is believed that the problems of fluency and expression are overcome during the training period. it should be declined gracefully. it is better to give a negative reply. The games which are stated to be played by the candidate should be ones about which the candidate has complete knowledge and is able to reply to most of the questions. On being offered a seat. the fact should be admitted without hesitation. Moreover. The candidates must grasp situation completely. If the President calls for a cup of tea or lights a cigarette and also offers to a candidate. The questions on the reactions in given situations have to be handled very carefully. therefore. without annoying him. as recommended for the interviews. the interviewer devotes a lot of time to the hobby named by the candidate. It should. on their own should not initiate shaking the hands. The candidates must imagine themselves in similar situation and consider the most probable course of action which would be taken by them. Two more questions which must be prepared properly arre (a) "Why do you want to join the Defence Forces?". But in case there is no such friend. Balanced Behaviour While proper replies to the questions are important balanced conduct of the candidates is still more important. In their reactions. Seat should be taken promptly and the candidate should sit properly and if possible in an upright manner. make sure that the hobbies and games they name must be fully known to them. The interviewee should offer a bright and cheerful face. as earlier pointed out it is good to have friends from the opposite sex with healthy and friendly relations. it must be shaken firmly. There must be eye-contact with the interviewer for most part of the interview. On entering the room. The candidates must. The clothes need not be new or highly fashionable and bright. the candidate must suitably wish the interviewer and should sit only when he/she is asked to do so. the candidates should be modest without being boastful and while admitting weaknesses and failures.The same principle applies to the other questions like games played. Due care. hobbies pursued and friends (particularly from the opposite sex) held. body language must be controlled to convey the same meaning as the word of the mouth. In case the President offers a hand for handshake. Finally. Hair should be properly groomed and hands should be properly cleaned with the nails cleanly cut. The candidates must be composed and maintain their poise. The candidates should avoid use of slangs and be very respectful to interviewer.

a form is given to the candidates to be filled which mainly relates to the past medical history of the candidate as well as his/her members of the family. If a question is not clearly understood or heard. including a situation. get up without battling with the chair. which takes another three to four days. and the President carry out their tests independently. Prior to the medical examination.O. Candidates who qualify in all the three tests independently are declared successful. G. During the earlier three stages. may not get a call to join at the concerned training academy if the number of vacancies is less or the candidate is very low in the order of merit. the candidates must not loose their poise and temper. Hence. As the interview is over. However. The result is announced soon after the conclusion of the conference and all those who are selected are required to stay back for the medical examination. the candidates are advised not to leave their studies or jobs till they rceive a call to join at the training academy concerned. The candidates should also show flexibility and admit his/her mistakes. .e. final decision about his/her selection is taken. At the conference all the three selectors sit together. three selectors i. the psychologist.few cases if the President asks some irritating and personally offending questions. the candidates should thank the President. may expect a couple of more absorbing questions.T. The candidates who pass all the medical tests are finally declared as successful and may expect a call to join the training academy concerned within a month or two of the selection. and on the basis of reply offered by the candidate. All those failing in all or any two are declared unsuccessful. wish him appropriately and quietly leave the room. A few candidates marginally failing in one of the tests. Medical Examination The selected candidates are then required to undergo medical examination. the call letters are issued after clubbing the marks obtained in the written examination of the UPSC as well as marks obtained in the interview. the President may be requested politely to repeat it as there is no harm in it. call the interviewee and ask two-three formal and routine questions. Such a question may be aimed at seeing whether or not a candidate gets provoked easily. if any pointed out by the President. Conference The last stage in the selection process is the conference which takes place on the last day. The questions like "How have I done Sir?" should not be asked by the candidates while leaving the interview room. At times it may so happen that even a candidate getting through in the interview finally.

Group discussion. Psychological Tests . Services Selection Centres Army: a) Bangalore. EKT (Engineering Knowledge Test). Air Force: a) Mysore. which the services are looking for. Only those candidates who qualify in the preliminary rounds are allowed to take the full SSB tests. PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE Dos and Donts @ SSB SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW Group Planning INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Story Writing Tips SSB Interview The Nature of Selection Tests: Under the present assessment techniques adopted by the S. negative thoughts lead one to destruction. under any given situation and in an unfamiliar situation is roughly called as having self-confidence.Have these things in You? i) Self Confidence ii) Interest iii) Motivation iv) Awareness v) Understanding vi) Good Health. Your positive thoughts go a long way in developing your selfconfidence. c) Dehradun Three Pronged Testing Three different officers subject each candidate to certain type of tests. Perception test. Due to a large number of candidates applying for commission in the armed forces each year. These form the part of Pre Screening and Screening tests. b) Varanasi. c) Allahabad Navy: Besides the above centers. to make way for deeper selection a new method of Pre-screening and Screening tests have been evolved in the recent times. help the individual to progress in life. Performing a given task. b) Bhopal. Department of Psychological Research Institute Dimalpur at Delhi specially trains the Board of officers. Positive thoughts. which put together beings out the OLQ (officer Like Qualities). a) Psychological Tests b) Group Testing Officers tests c) Interview by Interviewing Officer.There are certain qualities which can be developed /strengthened by training and some of the qualities cannot be developed by training. Belief in your own abilities. the candidates are put thorough a series of tests such as IQ tests. These are the vital factors an SSB candidate should have. What are the Candidates Tested For ? The candidates are examined and tested theoretically and practically for the assessment of Officers Like qualities.S. needless to say.B. Coimbatore is also one of the centers for selecting candidates for the NAVY.

i) Group Tasks ii) Command Tasks iii) Individual Endurance Tasks Interviewing officers Test Personal interview by President/Deputy President. tests a few tips.I 2. Interview Dos and Don'ts .a) Intelligence tests consists of Verbal and Non-verbal tests b) Psychological tests to assess the personality of the candidates. Stage . Stage . Group Testing Officers tests i) Tips to Tackle Group Discussion ii) Tips to Extempore Speech Making iii) Military planning Explanation and Sample iv) Tips to tackle Individual Obstacles v) Tips to tackle Group tasks and Command Tasks 5.5 4. which is followed by above.Extempore speech b) Outdoor Tests. Pre Screening Tests a) OIRT (Officers Intelligence rating test) b) Perception tests ( A model) c) Group Discussion.Non Verbal test vi) PIQ Form Filling vii) Pen Picture writing a few tips viii) Practice tests 1 .these include:i) Word Association Test (WAT) ii) Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT) iii) Situation Reaction Test (SRT) iv) Self Description test Group Testing Officers Tests a) Indoor Tests i) Group Discussion ii) Group Planning iii) Lecturing.II 3. Psychological tests i) Word Association Test ii) Situation Reaction Test iii) Thematic Appreciation Test iv) IQ Verbal Test v) IQ .

do not do so without thinking sufficiently. The Qualities that you are to project through your stories are:ALTERTNESS. PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE Dos and Donts @ SSB Thematic Appreciation test The Thematic Story writing will be 12 in all. Here your qualities such as Courage. Remember this is not a Make a sentence type exam.Your pen picture should tally with your thoughts pen down.This is designed to test your inner thoughts. Try different theme for different stories. but at the same time. social interaction. TRUTHFULLNESS ZEAL Only during the perception test you are required to give The age. HARD WORK INTEGRITY LOYALTY. (Never copy the suggestions for it might lead you to wrong conclusions) Please take the Practice test. Will be taking incase you are in those situations.Since these tests are designed to calculate your IQ. Even75% of the questions answered correctly will see you thorough. boldness. Write down the answers on a sheet of paper so thatyou can compare the same with some suggestions. Since every test is co-related.as many questions as possible. best approach is to write a positive yet a good citizen will do. FLEXIBILITY HONSETY.Since you are being compared with all other candidates your best performance will take you to your ultimate Goal. helping attitude. Write neatly and legibly. You will get about 3 minutes for each story. WAT Word Association Test: Write the first positive thought that comes to your mind. Do not write stereotype stories. AVAILABLITY FOR TASKS GOOD BEHAVIOUR CONSIDERATION COURGE DETERMIANTION DICISION MAKING ENDURANCE AND ENTHUSIASM FAIRNESS. Remember you are the Hero. be positive in what you write. PATRIOTISM RESOURCEFULNESS STRAIGHTFORWARDNESS SMARTNESS SUPPORTIVENESS TACT. LEADERSHIP. SRT (Situational Reaction Test) the tests contain day-to-day practical incidents that you will be facing in your real life. MANNERS PERSEVERANCE. empathy. responsibility.Time given is 15 seconds to write.Write what actions you. The sentence need not be grammatically correct or the word used just to write a sentence. sex. the aim should be to bring out leadership qualities of the hero through these stories.Your Handwriting is the mirror to judge your quality. Your story should such that it suits the picture yet tells The past is that what led to this situation What is happening in the picture? What will happen in the future? SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW Group Planning INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Story Writing Tips SSB Interview . mood. So be careful in what ever you write. try and complete. and number of group of the persons you see in the picture. honesty etc are tested.There are no right or wrong answers. 11 of them are having some picture and one does not have any.

As I used to take part in sports events and am used to regular exercise I am physically fit. I used to take p[art in school debate/quiz competition. whether it is studies or sports. Evening one hour of sports activity keeps me in shape. I do not remember to have taken ill except for some minor ailments. They have confidence in me and I am an extrovert by nature. I am now doing my final semester in BE Electronics at PSG Engineering College. We take part in the college functions. in which I scored285 out of 300 marks. and 5 feet 8 inches tall. None of our vacations with out our trekking trips to local hillocks and far off villages around Coimbatore. I like to mix around make friends. This will be the last part of the Psychological test. sports events. I got admission after a tough entrance examination. My ambition is to become an Officer in the Indian Air Force in Technical Branch. Physical Aspects: I am Medium built. . I have an elder brother who is working as a software engineer in PUNE. Education: I did my initial schooling at _________. My father is a businessman and mother is a housewife. I have won prizes for Elocution. We do organize Blood donation/health check up camps and hold children entertainment functions during Aug 15 every year in our neighborhood. We belong to a middle class family. As a result of my father's encouragement. My parents are moderately educated. I go for Jogging every morning before I start my studies. I always like some challenges from my classmates. Social Contacts: I have a number of good friends. The usual headings under which you will be asked to give out the appraisal is:a) What is you personal opinion about your self? b) What does your parents think of you? c) What does your best friend think about you? d) What does your worst enemy think of you? e) What does your teacher think of you? f) What are your strong points? g) What are your weak points? h) What are the qualities you would like to develop? Tips: Go systematic. I was groomed by my parents to pay attention towards my studies. Both short term and long term viii) Religion PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE Dos and Donts @ SSB SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW Group Planning INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Story Writing Tips SSB Interview An example of Self-Appraisal About parents and place of birth: I was born and brought up at Coimbatore.appraisal during the psychological test. achievements vii) Your aims and goals. Suggested headings: i) About your parents and place of birth and family background ii) Physical Attributes iv) Social Contacts v) Education vi) Extra curricular activities . The aim of this is to make you commit about your-self regarding your knowledge about your-self. sports and was encouraged to take part in school cultural activities.SELF APPRAISAL Every candidate will be asked to write a slf. an urban township in the western part of Tamil Nadu. I have always scored good marks and stood within the first three ranks in the class.

do your best. I keep a daily journal.Extra curricular activities: Sight seeing and trekking has always been my passion. What do they judge at SSB in Group Tasks ? A) Assessment of Candidate's Participation within the formulated Rules B) Planning and Intelligent Assessment of the situation C) Inidividual Quality in context to the Group D) Assuming control of a Group to execute a task E) Assess the problem from different angles F) Assign responsibility to Team mates G) Ability to realise the Potential of Group Members H) Capacity to motivate others . Remember to be natural and calm. Represented College at NCC Republic Day camp in the year 2002. I am an Under Officer and represented the college and took part in the Republic day parade held at New Delhi during 26 Jan 2002. I help my parents to look after our daily house hold work and take time to help my mother to clean up the house. >>Individual 2. for presenting my paper and " Robotics in space mission. I have a learned to give tolerance to all religions from my mother. Till date I have visited 11 Villages in the tribal area of Coimbatore. and Leadership course at Mt Pachmari I 2001. I have been selected to represent the university. Adjusted as best athlete in college in the Year 2001. which helps me to write articles for my college magazine keep a "DO IT TODAY List" on my computer. As per my hobby. be your self. I believe in the fact God is one . and always be alert. and collected about 14 items. By being yourself your qualities are easily seen by the selectors." Religion: I treat all religion as equal. >> Group By carefully following the suggestions you will be able to Project your OLQ (Officer Like Qualities) to the selectors at the Services Selection Board. so please do not use any unfair means are bluff. debate and essay writing. All the selectors are well trained. which help me to organize my day and all other activities. I collect handicraft items made by villagers. The Internet browsing is yet another hobby of mine. I have friends from all religions. Achievements: While at School I had won prizes in Elocution. I was the school athletics champion for three continuous years from 1997-2000. a few hours on Sundays. Hindi and Tamil Elocutions. 1. I have taken part in English. who too has kept the images of gods of all religions in our prayers room. in which ever form he may be worshiped. I use it to communicate with m friends as well read about my subject matter. I attend their religious functions. put the interest of the group before your own. INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Click Here to View the tasks assigned to the previous candidates at SSB. I am a member of my college senior wing of NCC.

Father's Name 4. (a) Place of maximum residence (b) Present Address (With Approximate population of the City/town/village) (c) Permanent Address (With Approximate population of the City/town/village) (Whether District HQ or Not) 5.I) Alertness J) Creative Thinking K) Putting the Group before the Self L) Helping Tendency M) Originality of Thought N) Quick Decision Making O) Cooperation with Others P) Group Integration Q) Planning and Execution R) Leadership Initiative ---Confidential--- PERSONAL INFORMATION QUESTIONNAIRE 1. Name in CAPITALS as in application form 3.Fill in the details below: State & District Religion WhetherSC/ST Mother Tongue Date of Birth Married/Single/Widowed PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Story Writing Tips .Selection Board (No & Place) Batch No Chest No UPSC Roll No 2.

C Training _________________________________________ Yes/No (b) Total Training (if Yes) (Give details below) Total Training Wing Division Certificate Obtained 11. a) Participation in Games & Sports Games/Sports Period or Duration of Participation Represented School/College/University OutstandingAchievement.Sc/B. (a) Nature of Commission (b) Choice of Service 13. Number if chances availed for commission in all three services 14.No Type of Entry Place and SSBNo Date Batch and ChestNo Recommended/Not Recommended .Dos and Donts @ SSB Group Planning SSB Interview 6. Age ( Year & Months) / Height (in Metre) Weight (in Kilograms) 10 (a) N.Com d) Professional 8. if any b)Hobbies/Interest c) Participation in Extra curricular activities :Name of the activity group Duration of Participation Outstanding achievement if any d) Position of responsibility/Offices held in NCC/Scouting Sports team/Extra-curricular group and other fields:12.if any (Air Force/Navy/Army Selection Board) S.No QualificationAcquired Name of Institute Year Division&Marks% Medium ofInstruction Boarder/DayScholar Out Standing Achievement if any a) Matric/Higher Secondary b) 10+2 c) B.A/B.(a) Parents Alive Yes/No (b) If not alive your age at the time of Father's/Mother's Death (c) Parents/Guardians Occupation /Income (As applicable) Particulars Education Occupation Income per Month Father Mother Guardian No of brothers No of sisters Your ranking amongst your brother and sister 7. Details of last interview .C. Educational Record(Commencing from matriculation /Equivalent Examination):S.

36.31.33.COUNTRY Candidate: a) I Love my Country (Good) b) Serving our country is Nobel (Acceptable) c) Its our duty to safeguard our country (A) d) Country first self next 6.11.SAVE. Always trust your leader 10 .MACHINE .FAULT.SISTER.17.19. Playground teaches us many lessons .COMPANY. Your answers come under the Candidates Reaction and the right way of answering comes under Suggestion 1.EXERCISE.GARDEN.PLAYGROUND. YOU FOLLOW? Follow the suggestions to get clear the interviews.WEALTH.29. b) Analyse causes of defeat to succeed 5.13.32.WORK Candidate: a) work is worship b) Hard work pays (Acceptable) c) Hardwork leads to success (Very Good) d) Work while you work play while you play (Avoid using proverbs) PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE Dos and Donts @ SSB SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW Group Planning INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Story Writing Tips SSB Interview 4.21.TRUST.LEAD.HEALTH.POOR. 23.AFRAID.45.ARMY.18.38.ENEMY.DEFEAT Candidate a) Defeat the enemy b) Defeat the defeat c) Defeat -dont get upset d) Dont get depressed by defeats (Acceptable) Suggestion: a) Defeat teaches us lessons.FORTUNE.48.40.AFFECTION24. Ghost stories are famous in England 9 .CHARACTER.55.ATOM.WORRY.FIGHT.STEP..PEACE Candidate: a) Every one loves peace (Acceptable) b) I love peace c) Peace brings Progress ( Very Good) 3.CONFLICT.WAR Candidates reactions: a) Peace overcomes war b) War is destruction c) I hate war d) War means bloodshed Suggestion: Love Peace.22.PROBLEM.SUCCESS.MONEY. Luck plus hardwork leads to success 8 .GHOST.SAD.57. 15.49.16. Enjoy good company of friends 11 .WHAT. Home teaches us Manners 7. 30.34. but be prepared for war 2.42.PRINCIPAL.43.26.41.53.HOME Suggestion:.9.JUMP.27.CUSTOM..BOAT.44.HELP.25.51.RESPONSIBLE.SNAKE.8. 46.FRIEND.LUCK.47.37.TIRED.SERIOUS.60.ATTACK.SPORTS.CO-0PERATE.28.59.DIFFER.SYSTEM.14.12.SOCIETY.WITHDRAW.AIM 7 .50.58.RUN. 54.56.20.WAR.MUSIC.39.RISK.52.10.PROTECT.35.EXPERIENCE.

Fight for a noble cause . I have great affection towards my parents . Boats are used to cross dangerous rivers . When intrested in work one feels seldom tired . Dont worry about failures . Yesterday I withdrew my savings to help the poor . Fortune and hardwork makes one succeed . ALways help others . Opinions always differ . Exercise protects us from diseases . A part from studies involve in sports . Character is a virtue . Snakes poison is used as medicine . Leaders always leads . Indian army is known for its patriotism .ure is steeping stone for success . Soldiers risk their life for their motherland . Co-operate with your neighbours . Jogging keeps us in good health . Take things seriously and work . Dont be afraid of obstacles . Fail. success is the fruit of hardwork . I am a responsible person .12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 . Every problem has a solution . Its our custom to respect elders .Education system in india is good . Engineers are capable of rectifying faults . My garden has many kinds of flowers . Happiness overcomes sadness . Machine is backbone of industry. Analyse the situation and jump into action .Music can cure diseases . Child was saved when he was drowned in the river . India won the kargil war . .

ie that any one of the 15 OLQ already told to you in this SSB Handbbok The story should be about 12 to 15 sentences 3 for Past 6 for Present 3 for future In the picture no 1. for you will need this to fill up your arrival info form. so that you will have an opportunity to put forward your points. bus route. Take initiative. Before you leave your room spend a minute in front of the mirror. he started his preparation from his final year at the college. this will help you during GTOs Task. Always write positive sentences/story it should bring out the officer like qualities (of which you have been taught.) 12. speak up. His/her chest number allotted by the board. On arrival introduce your self to the reception staff and show your documents. Smile while you enter the interviewing room and also say thank you.e what is happening in the scene) The Future. or friends. Know each indl of your group by name his qualification. 5. Mr. he had collected thematerials for the test. 3.) 9." 13. During interview if you do not know any answer politely say "I am sorry Sir. His aim was to become a collector. by what he wears and what he speaks. Make as many friends as possible at the reception center itself. at the . In the story the hero/heroien may be seen/or imagined the hero should bring out his good quality. 8. Do not give any false statement. During Psychological tests. As the time is at premium during discussions. Be calm. His hard workl and didication had paid him. A man / woman is judged by others. He passed the exam with flying colours He continued his hard work in the academy too. should be used. 10. Keep a record of all the Bio data. 4. train timings etc. I don't Know. Be bold and express your self clearly be brief and do not repeat what others have said. Try and become popular with them. At the railway station itself buy a city guide it will help you to know about the city and its places of importance. 6. Behave like a perfect Gentleman. 11. 2. It is better to speak either first or second. and he passed out as the best IAS officer in his course. In the picture we see him preparing for the forth coming prelim. Always address the group as Gentlemen.. Always dress up neatly and appear smart. 7. When you start writing the story remeber the following: The story should have a Past the present (i. Dos and Donts @ SSB Do: 1. (During Discussion and test only. Being a maticulas and a student of forsight. cool and attentive. Remember you are being judged by your own batch mates right from the word go. be co-operative.Story Writing Tips Thematic writing is given to judge your imagination and positive thoughts. Listen to others. Ram was an hard working and intelligent young man.

if not it would explode. No lies/false hood please. you you saw an Helicopter flying very low and crashed near Fort. all of you went to River Kasi for enjoying a boat ride. You have no bad points except to over work to get perfection in any task under taken. Write your actions and discuss a suitable solution. The time now is 1430 hours. Your handshake should be firm. who got stuck in the cable car just near to your boating site. 2. you saw a school bus carrying children for picnic spot near the River.time of departure. 4. you will get caught and spoil you chances of success. Do not Waste your time unnecessarily read some magazines. Two of your friends who went to investigate the Helicopter crash reported to you stating. 3. always think before you answer. When you started boating down the river. Don't be tense take it easy. Assume resources available are . never bluff. and requested you to help him out to repair the cable car and rescue the children. that the Pilot was injured and a box. The interviewing officer is a qualified gentleman. Be confident. One of your friends told you that he had left his wallet containing money and important address in the near by teashop. You also noticed that there was a lot of hue and cry of small children. Group Planning You are a group of Nine college students. 15. rehearse some favorite questions. While you were going for boating. The cable operator rushed towards you. which was 2 kms away from your location. You were also required to reach the college hostel to attend the function at 1700 hours. which he was carrying was to be delivered to ATC by 1500 hours. 14. PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE Dos and Donts @ SSB SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW Group Planning INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS Story Writing Tips SSB Interview Don't: 1.

Degree of preparedness for an interview helps reduce the uncertain anxiety prior to the Interview. Try to form your own questions based on it. Answer them to your full satisfaction. place of interview and places you have visited.a) a Jeep b) traffic on the road c) Phone at Local Hospital which is 6 Kms away from your location. A serious reader will score over others who refer cheap detective. thriller novels. Check your Bio-Date for grammatical and spelling error. be sure about what you have been reading. SSB's: One of the most fundamental factors that contribute to the successful interview is the time and quality of preparation made by. Revise your Bio-data thoroughly. the clarity of thought and expression and sense of balance. your School. He expects the names of the authors and then will ask questions based on their themes. They are very senior Officer from the Armed forces. It aims at evaluating your academic knowledge. Interviewer expects a serious reply. Try to put down everything in an orderly and crisp manner. Be sure regarding your hobbies. especially for the purposed of assessing the candidate for the job applied for. awareness or current topics. communication skills. Remember discerning interviewer expects Zero error in the Bio-Data. College.Try and collect as much information about the City in which you live. Normally the President/ Vice President of the Services Selection Board will conduct the personal Interview. How to plan your preparation ? Preparation develops Confidence and gears you for the anticipated grilling. The logic holds good for any other hobby you have . The amount of effort you wish to put into preparation is directly proportional to your out put at the interview. Prepare the following: How to Tackle? Write down in a neat and legible handwriting the PIQ form given to you (Please copy it down it is given in this CD).. and ability to extricate you from tricky situation. d) Road head is 2Kms from you e) Fort is 4 kms away from you An interview is a face-to-face meeting. For example. if you have written reading as a hobby.

Don't speak in a low voice.job.Your achievements should be brought out in a systematic order as and when you are asked about it. brevity is the hallmark of a good communicator. 15 Communication 16 On the day 17 Hospitality 18 Budget 19 Keeping the journal and recording the event 20 After the event 21 Maintain proper Eye contact with the person who asks you the Question. "as such" etc. It means you will be asked to answer a . Take a few long breaths this will calm down your nerves. " You know". do so.Be clear of your favorite subject and area of you interest in the subject. 23 In the end you want to ask the officer any questions plese do so. "well". Answer all the questions in a sequence. "Thank you for the wonderful evening and put the chair back to its original position before leaving. Appearance makes the man. Wait for the officer to speak first. 10 When the interviewer asks you to organize a trekking event remember the following points. RAPID Fire questions are the order of the.If you don't know an answer be Honest.Be brief. clarify your doubts if any. You should dress up for the occasion. elaborate your answers and tactfully take him on to your strong points.Never enter into an argument with the interviewer on any topic. Freshen up yourself before you set foot in the interviewers room. Your Appearance. Leave the place with a warm smile and a nod of head. Must Know these Stuffs: 1 The rank structure of the forces 2 The current events 3 Knowledge about your town 4 Your projects 5 Why you want to join the forces? 6 What will you do in case you do not get selected at selected? 7 (this is to see how determined you are in achieving your aim. if not just say. which you are/have specialized.A well-groomed look gives an image of thoroughness and professional look. Listen to the questions carefully. be loud enough so that interviewer don't have to strain their ears.) 8 Have a plan B in case you exhaust all the chances then you will 9 Take up ------. 22 Avoid using frequently words and phrases like" I mean".mentioned in your PIQ. Your warm smile. If offered a Handshake.Listen carefully before you speak. Think well before you answer. excellent etiquette and a firm handshake will be starting point. BE NATURAL. Close the door gently and leave the room. before you answer the question. Refresh your knowledge. Most of the time you will be asked to attend the Interview in the PT.Follow the normal etiquette for the interview. if not then so politely "I have no questions to ask you sir. This shows your Confidence and honesty. or any other event the heading under which you can cover the preparations are: 11 Initial Preparation 12 Venue 13 Event 14 Specific Items need for the event. For more questions will follow your answers. The Interviewer will respect integrity and honesty.. Kit it is better for you to keep a small pocket Comb and a neat and clean Handkerchief. Be very clear in your thought and expression. The New Technique adopted at the SSB Interview is RAPID FIRE questions. When the interview ends. Do not over emphasize them." 24 Last but not the least. Then interviewer might ask you a few technical questions.Think well before you answer. after listening to the question carefully.NEVER Exaggerate.Never boast about anything including your achievements.As we have brought out earlier..

l) Current affairs be a regualr reader of magazines and news paper. iii. loud and clear. . Do not sound egoistic. I will get an opporunity to mingle with all sorts of people and persons from different parts of the country. v. I will get an opportuniyt to learn and exprience the latest technological inventions. Interviewing Officers are usually hold the Rank of Colonel or its equivilant rank in the Navy/Air Force.DO NOT TELL A LIE. There are no perfect answer to this question. c) Do not get over anxious. h) Be brief.Here are some of the tips which you wil find it useful while facing the Interviewing officer: a) Be tidy and well dressed. g) Do not lie or beat around the bush. i) The major questions like Why do you want to join the Army/Navy/Air Force?. you are expected to talk in a loud and clear voice. While answering it try to convey 4 or 5 facts such as: i. j) Be truthful in stating your hobbies. Defence services offers a Challange to a young person ii. Since the distance between you and the interviewing officer would be about 6 feet. Please listen to the question carefully. If you are not sure of thre answer say that uyou do not know. n) Thasnk the Officer for hois time before you leave the room. "Sir". m) When a situation is given to you think and answer be very specific and answer in the most practical way. f) Be natural and never convey extravagant ideas like " I would die for my country" or " The best profession is the Defence Forces ". NCC and other extra curricular activites. In my opinioin the Uniformed forces offers reasonable pay and perks vii. d) Be Yourself e) Be polite and use words like "Please". k) High light your achievement in sports.Do not wear Jewllery b)On entering the room wish the panel and do what they say.number of questions after listening to them just once. One of the most respected professions in Indian is that of a soldier. Try and answer the questions in the same sequence as put forth to you. iv. I like an out door life rather than a 10 to 5 desk job. You are not going to be penalized for say it. You will be caught. Merit is given due recognition in te Forces. If you have not understood the question then ask for the clarification. Wear simple clothes but willo fitting clothes. be prepared to answer questions about it. A minor degree of nerveousness is expected from everyone. vi. Take your time think and answer questions.

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