Whale watching, defined by the IWC as any commercial enterprise which provides for the public to see cetaceans in their natural habitat (IWC 1994) is one of the fastest growing tourism products in the world. Thirty-four of the 40 IWC member countries (85%) now have whale watching activities (Hoyt 2001) , and ironically, it is a rapidly growing activity in countries that still hunt whales such as Norway and Japan. As of 1998, over 100,000 people went whale and dolphin watching in Japan, spending an estimated $33 million (USD) (Hoyt 2001) . Annual income from whale watching here far outweighs that of the sale of whale meat products. Whale watching nature tourism here has the potential to become a vehicle for transforming conservation and research into key economic forces. Marine mammal viewing can result in conservation and socioeconomic benefits for the animals and local communities alike if it is conducted responsibly (Spradlin, Barre et al. 2001) . (Orams 2001) agrees that whale watching tourism is likely to lead to a greater appreciation of and public desire to conserve, the wildlife involved.


As populations of whales around the world are starting to show signs of slow recovery from past whaling exploitation, the potential is also growing to observe whales from coastal communities.

Whalewatching was developed in 1953 whale watching has become one of the fastest growing nature tourism industries in the world. It now occurs in over 87 countries and territories and is estimated to be worth in excess of $1 billion (USD) each year attracting more than 9 million participants (Hoyt 2001). As the socioeconomic value of whales grows as a tourism resource, so too does the need for long-term conservation of whales and management of the whale watching industry. In recent years, Whale Watching has taken off in a big way all over the world. Over 50 countries offer whale and dolphin-watching trips and they are all very different. You can choose from a host of different vessels, ranging from huge cruise ships


to small yachts and catamarans. You can even paddle your own kayak! It is also possible to go up in a helicopter for a real "birds-eye view"! It's a beautiful way to observe these exciting and playful creatures in their natural habitat, without subjecting them to confined and depressing quarters to be trained for our enjoyment.

2.Facts About Whales As

Tourism Marketing Product.
whales are members of the Cetacea order of marine mammals, which also includes Dolphins and Porpoises. Toothed Whales (Odontoceti) are predators eating a variety of marine wildlife, wheras Baleen Whales (Mysticeti) have a filter called a baleen used to sieve tiny food particles from the water.


Scientists estimate that during feeding season, larger baleen whales eat approxinately 4 percent of their body size! Humpback whales sometimes blow “bubble nets” to help them feed. This is done when the whale dives down and then swims in a spiral while releasing air from the blowholes. Doing this creates bubbles which form a tubular net. The whale gets in the center of the bubble to eat the trapped prey. Several humpbacks can

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come up through the bubble net at one time to feed. The largest baleen whale is the blue whale. It is said that blue whales are the largest creatures - bigger than anything living or extinct. Baleen whales use their flippers to steer and their flukes (tails) to stop. Of the larger whales Blue, Fin and Sei Whales, the fastest can swim up to 18.6 miles per hour. Whales shed! Yes, it’s true; all whales shed. The Beluga whale, for example, sheds when it migrates to the North Pole. By rubbing against rocks, its old, yellowed skin comes off in large sheets, revealing new white skin underneath. Whales are Flexible. Because water, not the whale’s skeleton, supports its body, whale bones are light, flexible and spongy. (This is also why whales can grow so large.) Fat and oil in the bones enhance floating. Whales have been known to live as long as 100 years. Whales don’t actually sleep; they take catnaps. While one half of the brain is sleeping, the other signals it to come to the surface to breathe and keeps it alert to predators. Much like human fingerprints, the markings on each whale’s tail are unique. This helps researchers identify and study them.


The splash can be heard for several kilometres. Breaching: A much more spectacular way of announcing its presence is for a whale to breach. and then falls on its back with a tremendous splash. When it expels its breath. The breath rushes out at speeds up to 450 kph and can go up to a height of 5 metres.Whale Behaviour The Blow: The first sign that whales are around is usually the blow. It has a fishy smell and has sufficient oil content to put an unpleasant smear of oil on a camera lens if a photographer gets too close. Head Lunge: When a whale breaks the surface and Page1 . With 2 or 3 beats of its huge tail the creature hurls itself up through the surface sometimes clearing the water completely. A humpback breathes through the blow hole on top of its head. Breaching is thought to communicate position to others. the resulting burst of air and water vapour can be seen for as far away as two kilometres on a clear day.

Once extended. Spy Hop: Humpbacks are curious. This behaviour is rare but could be to do with feeding. maintains that position for a short period of time and then lowers its head back into the water. Tail Extension: Sometimes humpbacks are seen with their tail flukes extended above the water for up to 15 minutes at a time. and often pop their head up above the waterline to look around. The creature lies on the surface and lifts one or both of its pectoral fins up out of the water depending on body position. This common behaviour is thought to be used mainly for orientating themselves with the shoreline during migration. Pectoral Fin Extension: Humpbacks are often seen waving their huge oar-like fins above the water. The creature raises its head vertically from the water until the eyes are exposed.falls forward instead of backward the action is called a head lunge. Page1 Tail Slapping: Whales like to lift their huge tails high above the water and slap them down on the . as a calf is often seen bobbing around its mother's tail at this time. the fins can be waved about.

It is used in a variation of the tail slap where the tail is slapped in a sideways movement like a massive karatechop. Tail Slash and Tail Swish: Two further movements of the tail involve slashing from side to side in the water and swishing on the surface to create turbulence. This can be heard for great distances by others and is probably associated with marking position. probably during courtship and mating. The fins . Peduncle Slap: The peduncle is the muscular part of the body nearest to the tail flukes. Both these activities are also associated with aggression.surface making a tremendous splash. An aggressor can cock its tail up in the air and then bring it down heavily on an opponent in a disagreement over territory.. Humans should keep well clear. Mothers and calves also stroke one another as a display of closeness. Tail Cocking: Tail cocking is another sign of aggression that is used when stressed. Page1 Pec Slapping: The humpback has the largest pectoral fins of any of the great whales. They are frequently used to stroke the body of another of the same species. This movement is a sure sign that the creature could become aggressive. Crews of whale watching boats watch for these behaviours as signs to move away. Pectoral Stroking: Pectoral fins are the equivalent of human hands.

In 1971 the Montreal Zoological Society commenced the first commercial whale watching activity on the eastern side of North America. The spectacle proved popular. attracting 10. charging customers $1 per trip to view the whales at closer quarters. In 1955 the first water-based whale watching commenced in the same area. offering trips in the St. By 1985 more visitors watched whales from New England than California.000 visitors in its first year and many more in subsequent years.alone can weigh up to several tonnes! When brought down onto the water from the extended position they create a forceful splash which can be heard from quite a distance. thought to be used as a form of communication. In the late 1970s the industry mushroomed in size thanks to operations in New England. both above and below the surface. History Of Whale Watching Whale watching as an organized activity dates back to 1950 when the Carbillo National Monument in San Diego was declared a public spot for the observation of Gray Whales. The rapid growth in this area has been 3. Page1 . The industry spread throughout the western coast of the United States over the following decade. Lawrence River to view Fin and Beluga Whales. Pec slapping is a common behaviour among humpbacks.

and the close proximity of whale populations to the large cities on the east coast of the US. motorized rafts. restaurants and souvenirs) of over one billion dollars. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s whale watching spread throughout the world. Viewing of species that usually stay some distance Page1 . Land-based watching of species such as the Orca who come very close to shore remains popular. and sailboats through to out-of-use fish or whaling boats and custom-built craft carrying as many as 400 people. with over 9 million participants generating an income to whale watcher operators and supporting infrastructure (such as accommodation.attributed to the relatively dense population of Humpback Whales. Today Whale watching today is carried out from the water from crafts from kayaks. whose acrobatic behaviour such as breaching (jumping out of the water) and tail-slapping was an obvious crowd-pleaser. significantly adding to popular support for the full protection of these animals from any resumption of commercial whaling. Whale watching is of particular importance to developing countries as coastal communities start to profit directly from the whales' presence. In 1998 Erich Hoyt carried out the largest systematic study of whale watching yet undertaken and concluded that whale watching trips were now available in 87 countries around the world.

"Wikipedia Encyclopedia 4. estimated to be worth up to $1bn per annum worldwide to whale watching operations and their local communities. Whales are watched mostly commonly for recreation (cf.from the shore is also offered by fixed-wing aircraft "Whale watching is the practice of observing whales and other cetaceans in their natural habitat. whale watching is primarily a commercial activity. The size and rapid growth of the whale watching industry has led to complex and unconcluded debates with the whaling industry about the best use of whales as a natural resource.Few TypesOf Whales HumpBack Whales Page1 . bird watching) but the activity can also be for scientific or educational reasons. Whilst individuals do organize private trips.

They strain out plankton and very small crustaceans called krill from the water. Their pectoral flippers are long. The humpbacks now boast a population of around 4.Humpbacks are also known to be curious. dark-colored with distinctive bumps on their noses. Humpback whales take their name from their habit of exposing a large central area of their backs when diving. rolling and breaching movements which Page1 . nearly a third of their body length.to 55-foot long. They are the fifth largest animal on this planet. growing to a size equivalent to 11 elephants or 600 humans each ! Humpbacks are the most acrobatic of all of the great whales displaying a wide variety of leaping. • • • • • Adult humpbacks weigh up to 45 tonnes Adults are 10 to 15 metres in length An adult can eat up to a tonne of krill per day Humpback calves weigh around one tonne Calves consume 600 litres of milk per day At the time that hunting of the humpbacks finally ceased numbers had shrunk to little more than 500. Each year their migration during the winter months takes them from the feeding waters of the Antarctic north along the Australian coast to breed and give birth to new calves in the warm waters off the Whitsundays.Humpbacks are 50. Humpbacks are baleen whales which means they feed by straining their food from seawater through a series of plates on their upper jaws. and are renowned for swimming up really close to whale watching boats where they poke their heads out of the water to get a good look at the humans. as they do repeatedly when swimming along near the water surface.500.

Yes. These cetaceans have a very rough and ragged appearance once you get up close. They have a massive head that they are fond of popping high up out of the water to get a good one-eyed look at the humans. up against the northern tip of Fraser Island. As winter approaches they start their annual migration north to the central and southern Great Barrier Reef. whales do have a navel because. liberally interspersed with barnacles. Humpbacks are also known for their complex underwater vocalisations or whale songs particularly during breeding. This behaviour is known as a spy-hop. shallow.30 times in succession. a warm. averaging only 10 seconds between breachings. sheltered bay on the eastern side of Hervey Bay.provide fascinating viewing for whale watching humans. Fraser Island is a World Heritage listed area for many other reasons. Adult humpbacks have been seen to breach 20 . According to marine biologists. Many migrating humpback whales stop off at Platypus Bay. Calves are born in the warm waters of the Great Barrier Reef and then commence their first migration with their mothers back to Antarctica. but it is because of the humpback whales that Platypus Bay is part of the Hervey Bay Marine Park Growing to a length of 15 metres. humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) spend the warmer summer months in Antarctic waters feeding on krill. with many knobs and lumps on their skin. Along the underside of their body they have up to 22 throat pleats running from their chins to their navel. they were once attached to their mother by an umbilical cord. Page1 . humpback whales can weigh up to 45 tonnes. as mammals.

but those that migrate to the Arctic waters feed mainly on small fish. winglike flippers can extend to 14 feet. They grow from 15-35 feet and weigh up to 10 tons. Colours of Minke whales are bluish grey on top and white underneath. Very energetic. Small compared to other whales." Minke Whales The Minke whale has a slender streamlined body with a pointed head. Their large. They’re also very vocal. and always have a characteristic white band on each flipper. spin. or slap their fluke or flipper on the water’s surface." Orcas Page1 . and it's blow has been described as inconspicuous. Marine biologists report that the Minkes which migrate to the Antarctic feed on krill. They live in all the oceans of the world. Minke's are 25 to 30 feet long. “singing” a long series of repeated phrases. They often approach whale watch vessels and seem to enjoy leaping clear of the water’s surface."Humpbacks measure from 30-60 feet and weigh up to 40 tons. They sometimes have pale trapezoidal stripes behind the flippers on the top. "Minkes are the smallest baleen (non-toothed) whale in North American waters.

and even the massive Humpback and Blue Whales. and is more closely related to smaller dolphins than to the 'great' whales. seabirds. squid.Despite its size and common name "Killer Whale". and a brilliant white that covers three areas. The head is rounded. in fact. but there is the addition of a grey 'saddle' behind the dorsal. with an indistinct beak. fish. the Orca is. turtles. Orcas are fearsome predators. inside of which are 10-12 pairs of large teeth in both the upper and lower jaws. the largest dolphin. Orca is found in all oceans and seas of the world. The Orca (Orcinus Orca) family Orcas have a striking colour combination: the main colour is black. Page1 . known to hunt in pods to kill and eat seals. from the deepest waters to the coast. The male Orca's dorsal fin is a tell-tale giveaway. being as tall as a man and shaped like a huge triangle. dugongs.

up to 45 feet long. Grey whales are mediumsized.Blue Whales The blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) is the largest known animal ever to live on sea or land. thin pectoral flippers. Grey Whales The entire population of grey whales (over 20. Blue-grey in color. they're long and streamlined. This is more than the weight of 50 adult elephants! The blue whale's blood vessels are so big that a full grown trout could swim through them to its heart.000) swim past the west coast twice a year. Blue whales are sighted near California's Channel Islands. slate grey skin is covered with white patches caused by barnacles and Page1 . which is the size of a small car. Individuals can reach more than 33 metres (110 feet) and weigh nearly 180 tonnes (200 tons). Their dark. with a very small dorsal fin and long. and Baja Mexico. traveling between summer feeding in the Bering and Chukchi Seas and their nursery and breeding grounds in California. with light grey mottling.

They have no dorsal or back fin. Finback Whales Finbacks are also called “razorbacks” for their sharp dorsal fins. Sighted along the entire West Coast. usually measuring 65-70 feet long and weighing up to 60 tons. 5. The Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary The Indian Ocean Whale Sanctuary is an area in the Indian Ocean where the International Whaling Commission (IWC) has banned all types of commercial whaling. Repeated proposals at the IWC for a South Atlantic Sanctuary and a South Pacific Sanctuary have never reached the 75% majority needed to pass. They are the second largest of all whales. Page1 . They can swim up to 70 miles per hour and dive deeper than some other baleen whales. the other being the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary.parasites. The IWC has at present designated two such sanctuaries.

From the unusual pygmy blue whales off the West coast of Sri Lanka. partly in order to protect whales in their breeding grounds. which prevents Page1 . the Indian Ocean has a Northern coastline. in 1989. large and small. The status of the Whale Sanctuaries is reviewed by the IWC every 10 years. in its first meeting as an IWC member. Indian Ocean whales and Whaling. 1992 and 2002.History The Indian Ocean Sanctuary was established by the IWC in 1979 after being proposed by the tiny island nation of the Seychelles. the Indian Ocean is an important area for cetaceans. Unlike the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. and the Indian Ocean Sanctuary has so far been reviewed (and extended) three times. to the humpback whales off the South Coast of Oman.

Supported by the Indian Ocean range states In 1979. India. came with messages of support from many Indian Ocean range states.the migration of whales to Arctic waters and may have lead to the evolution of unique populations of whales. Sri Lanka and Mauritius are mentioned in the Seychelles proposal. the Seychelles. were almost wiped out by illegal Soviet whalers in the 1960s. During the meeting the Seychelles spoke of others that indicated support Somalia. efforts were made to document the illegal whaling of the Soviets. The Nairobi Convention is under the Page1 . “Reaffirm(ed) the need to maintain the status of the Indian Ocean as a sanctuary for the protection of endangered marine mammals of the convention region…”. Though many populations of whales were devastated by commercial whaling. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union. which proposed the Sanctuary. unknown to the world. Tanzania and Bangladesh. Kenya. which were not then members of the IWC. most survive and the Sanctuary provides a long-term opportunity for their eventual recovery. It is now clear that Oman’s humpback whales survived –but only just. which. involving several of the scientists who were present on the whaling ships at the time. The most remarkable story is that of Oman’s humpback whales.

which involved acoustic and photo-identification work have since been used in all oceans of the world. Mauritius. Comoros. Madagascar. Seychelles. Following an IFAW-funded aerial whale survey. France (Reunion). Research in the Sanctuary The Sanctuary has stimulated a great deal of research over the years. South Africa and Tanzania are members. Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment in the Eastern African Region. The research methods developed during that project. Mozambique. Kenya. Research since has been published in a variety of scientific journals. Page1 . A book published by UNEP in 1993 details the research done during the 1980s.auspices of UNEP and is the Convention for the Protection. WWF funded a project to study sperm whales using a small sailing boat. Since then work has been conducted in many Indian Ocean states. Somalia.

Tourism Locations for Watching Whale . British Columbia. Vancouver Island . Port Stephens in NSW is another popular port for tours. Australia offers reliable whale watching conditions for Southern Humpback Whales from the beginning of August through to the end of November each year.6. and the Channel Islands off Southern California. On the West Coast of the United States and Canada. and fall at the Farallon Islands off San Francisco. Whale numbers and activity have increased markedly in recent years as a result of cessation of whaling. Kaikoura in New Zealand is a world-famous site for whales (in particular Sperm Whales) and Albatrosses. Hervey Bay in Queensland. In California good whalewatching can be found in spring. Excellent whale watching can be had on the commercial car ferries crossing the Bay of Biscay from Britain to Spain. summer. Monterey Bay. excellent whale watching can be found in Alaska (summer). and the San Juan Islands/Puget Sound in Washington. Page1 .

Fin Whale. It is here that the Northern Humpback Whale. it is not unknown for the whales to approach the boats entirely on their own.S. depending both on weather and precise location. Baja becomes an excellent place to watch Gray Whales in their breeding lagoons. Though strict laws oturight prohibit the molestation of these large wild mammals. Also seen often are members of the dolphin family and two species of seal. and the very endangered Northern Right Whale are often observed. Minke Whale. the whale watching season typically takes place from about mid-spring through October. For generations areas like the Gulf of Maine and Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (the inner waters formed by Cape Cod's hooked shape) have been important feeding grounds for these species and in the past this area was a whaling capital for the U.In the winter. Page1 In Brazil. whaling industry. In New England and off the east coast of Long Island. particularly calves and juveniles. humpback whales are observed off Salvador in Bahia State and at the National Marine .

5 million years old was found in the Simla hills in the foothills of the Himalayas. recognized as a Brazilian ' Whale Capital '. Southern Right Whales are observed from shore in Santa Catarina State during the same season. [31] [32] Other fossil whales from India Page1 . Income from whale watching has bolstered many a coastal community in Brazil and has made the township if Imbituba. This area was underwater (in the Tethys sea) during the Tertiary period (when India was an island off Asia). as mother/calf pairs can come as close to shore as 30 meters (about 100 feet). about 53. Santa Catarina.Park of Abrolhos during their breeding season in austral winter and spring. Likewise. This whale may have been capable of living partly on land. T he Marine Mammal Conser vation Networ k of India Himalayacetus subathuensis the oldest-known whale fossil of the family Protocetidae (Eocene). 7.

pygmy right whale. pygmy Bryde's whale (Eden's whale). pygmy sperm whale. Being mammals. southern right whale. and sperm whale. seals and the dugong. namely the dugong. Longman's beaked whale. bats and hares than they are to sharks and other fish. they are more closely related to elephants. also known as the sea cow. and a fourth of these may be found in India and adjacent countries. Cuvier's beaked whale. concerned by what Page1 . humpback whale. dolphins. One species belonging to the order Sirenia. fin whale. are found in the waters of the Indian subcontinent. There are some 120 species of marine mammal to be found in the world. leopards. Regulations Environmental campaigners.include Remingtonocetus approximately 43-46 million years old Marine mammals form a fascinating group of animals including whales. whales and porpoises. Bryde's whale. They include the blue whale. 8. A number of types of whales live in the Indian Ocean and have been observed there. and 30 species of cetaceans. including dolphins.

Almost all popular whale watching regions now have such regulations.minimize number of boats at any one time/per day Do not coerce dolphins into bow-riding. the Caribbean.they consider the "quick-buck" mentality of some boat owners. encircle or come in between whales Approach animals from angles where they won't be taken by surprise Consider cumulative impact . Campaigners hope that a combination of peer pressure. This last rule is more contentious and is often disregarded in. the economic benefit of being advertised and promoted by ethical tourism operators and operators' own passion for marine wildlife forces them to stick such regulations. Do not allow swimming with dolphins. continue to strongly urge all whale watcher operators to contribute to local regulations governing whale watching (no international standard set of regulations exist because of the huge variety of species and populations). for example. Page1 . Common rules include: • • • • • • • • Minimize speed/"No wake" speed Avoid sudden turns Minimize noise Do not pursue.

ginger ale. Most medications must be taken a few hours prior to the trip. the opposite is true. you may want to consider motion sickness medications. However. This includes things like bagels and cereal. in turn. These can usually be found in most convenience or drug stores. Eat a good carbohydrate breakfast. A good breakfast is key! Very often people will go on their first whale watch fearing they may get sick. Talk with your doctor to determine what might work best for you. If you are a first time whale watcher. Prescription medications are also available through your doctor. can actually make you sick. Be sure to check the label. An empty stomach produces acids and. Avoid drinks that are high in sugars. tea or even sports drinks. it is too late to take anything. Don't get dehydrated! When on the ocean it is recommended that you keep hydrated by drinking water. In fact. Keep munching on light snacks like crackers or ginger snaps during the trip! This reduces stomach acid build up and can prevent sea sickness. They will skip breakfast thinking that no food in their stomach means they won't get sick.Preparation When cruising 10-20 miles off shore in the ocean it is better to be safe than sorry. Most boat companies will allow you to bring your own food and beverage on board. glass bottles and Page1 .Once your trip begins. Avoid fatty or fried foods.

• • • • • • Page1 Stay outside. This keeps your mind occupied. the less motion is felt. Also. The closer you are to the water. Whales. Go to the lowest deck. The fresh air helps a lot. Looking at something that is not moving helps the equilibrium. be sure to bring your sunglasses to protect your eyes from glare on the water. Take some nice deep breaths. A few helpful hints if you start to feel queasy Remember sea sickness can sometimes be stopped if caught in time. Nibble on crackers and sip on ginger ale. Sometimes this is all that it takes. The excitement of seeing these beautiful. porpoises. you can get severely sunburned during a 3-5 hour trip.alcoholic beverages are usually not permitted on board. Check with the company beforehand. dolphins. Without protection. Keep Warm! It is always colder on the ocean than on land. seals and birds can usually be seen at anytime during a . Dress in layers and bring extra clothes. Start looking for whales and other animals. Look at the horizon. Don't forget the sunblock! Water reflects and magnifies the sun rays. magnificent creatures is enough to make anyone feel better. Sometimes on choppy days people can get wet and chilled. It can really help to have something in your stomach.

strike up a conversation with a friend. Hawaii. You never know what you can see until you really start looking. the Pacific Regional Guidelines for Whale & Dolphin Watching aim to minimise the potential impacts of tourism activities on whales and dolphins and their environment.• trip. keep your mind occupied. Developed by IFAW (International Fund for Animal Welfare). the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and Opération Cétacés. 9. Finally. The Pacific Islands region is an important habitat for more than thirty species of cetaceans. It provides a vital breeding ground and migration Page1 . Guidelines Responsible Whale Watching The first regional guidelines for responsible whale and dolphin watching across the Pacific Islands were launched today on the eve of the first International Conference for Marine Mammal Protected Areas in Maui. Again.

responsible whale watching that minimises disturbance to the animals is best for the whales. The guidelines were developed by 35 representatives from 13 Pacific Island governments. Additional funding support was received from the Australian Government Department of the Environment. “The Pacific Islands region offers visitors a unique cultural nature tourism experience with endangered whales in their breeding grounds. “Already many Pacific Island governments are taking steps to bring their current whale watching regulations in line with this new regional template and we encourage all commercial and private boaters to follow these sensible rules. Page1 . The presence and diversity of marine mammals in the region has led to a whale watching industry that generates more than US$21 million each year and that is growing at a staggering rate of 45 per cent annually. whale watch operators and scientists and carry the endorsement of 25 SPREP member countries and territories. including endangered populations of humpback whales.” Ms Andrews said.” said IFAW Pacific Officer. “Safe. It is vital that governments and industry ensure the protection of the animals that are attracting increased prosperity to many countries in the region. best for tourists and best for the community. Olive Andrews.corridor for many species.

especially if the whale is in a curious mood and visits your boat. The upper deck allows you to see further out and may have better visibility.Water.Whale Watching Tips Following these simple tips can really save the day. You can . Heritage and the Arts and Fonds Français pour l'Environnement Mondial (FFEM). 10. The best place to see the whales Upper deck verses the lower deck: When on the lower deck one is closer to the whales. Page1 Starboard (right side) verses the port (left side): Whales are extremely unpredictable.

A moving vessel is not Page1 .Usually the whales are close enough to see better without binoculars. Things to bring Here is a short list of things you may want to bring on your trip. Binoculars -. They may. Strict guidelines dictate the Captains maneuverability. the Captain must put the vessel in neutral and can not maneuver until the whale is more than 100 feet away. Rubbersoled shoes -. then the Captain can parallel the course from beside or behind the animal at a distance greater than 100 feet. be useful if bird watching is also on your agenda. Sometimes they even swim around the vessel. however. When a whale decides to check the boat out.never really tell where they may pop back up. The Captains may not always be able to maneuver the boat the way you want them too. If a whale is traveling. Have a little patience. The Captains always do their best.

Remember that sometimes the decks get wet and slippery. Picnic Lunch -. Usually they do. You just never know until you actually find them.It is nice to have your favorite foods while out for the day. This time will depend on where the whales are located at the time of your whalewatch trip and the speed of your boat. A book or playing cards -.usually the best place for high heels. Sneakers have much better traction. Warm clothes or even a blanket -. Page1 . Sunscreen and Sunglasses -. Also.On sunny days you can get quite a sunburn on a three hour trip. Travel times average between 30 minutes to 2 hours. A good book or a game can help pass the time. Sometimes they are near shore and sometimes far offshore. Sunglasses will help protect your eyes from glare off the water as you scan the horizon for whales. check to see if the boat company sells food. Camera or Camcorder (see below tips on photographing or videotaping whales) -.It usually takes a bit of time to reach the whales. If it is not convienent for you to pack and lug a picnic.You may want to consider a heavy winter coat or a blanket if your trip is in the colder months of spring or fall. tapes and batteries. you may want to check if bringing your own food or a cooler is allowed.Bring plenty of film.

It is difficult to take pictures without a zoom. When fully zoomed in on an animal the recording can look jerky due to the movement of the boat. however batteries are usually hard to come by. A polarised lens will sometimes help with sun glare. the polarised lens allows you to see the whales body below the surface of the water. you may want to bring along some extras just in case.Photo tips Batteries and film always tend to run out just before the perfect shot. the whale does come over to peek at you. Be sure to have plenty of film. but 200 works well too. Video tips Make sure your batteries are fully charged. Page1 The Perfect Shot . Patience is a virtue. Usually the photograph comes back with mostly ocean and very little whale without it. Sometimes. You can get some amazing shots. Watch the sun direction. Start your recording at wide angle not zoom.. 400 speed film is recommended. however. When a whale comes over to your boat. Film may be available onboard. The average time spent watching the whales is between 45 minutes to 1 hour and 15 minutes. Photos do not come out well when the whales are in the sun. if you can't remember when you last changed your batteries. Also. a 70-300 zoom lens works best.

This behavior is as unpredictable as the animals themselves. Sometimes they breach for hours (this is your best chance) and sometimes they breach just once (to tease you). The perfect shot is pure luck. Children on boats Children tend to get bored easily. think like a whale. You will notice a black and white pattern. they may be able to get you in contact with someone who can.the breach. Instead. Everyone hopes to get the ultimate picture. It is kind of fun to take these pictures. When humpback whales go on a deep dive. In other words. Be focused. called a fluke print. This is unique to every whale and is how we can identify individuals. Researchers usually wait a few seconds later. They rarely come back up in this spot. try to determine the direction it was moving in and have your camera pointed in the same direction. A photograph of the fluke as it is first coming up with water streaming off the trailing edge can be a very beautiful picture. centered and ready to snap your shot. If they can't identify the whale for you. when the tail is completely out of the water and the underside is visible. Plan ahead by bringing crayons and Page1 .After a whale dives. You must look in the right place at the right time and snapping the shot at the precise moment. You may be able to later identify your shots by contacting the boat company you went with. especially on the trip out. do not concentrate on the exact area it went down. they first arch their backs.

This is extremely dangerous for both you and your child. A fall can lead to an extremely painful injury. You may want to call ahead to see if your boat company has special activities for kids. Looking through them is hard on a moving boat. do not hold your child in your arms while standing or have them sit on your shoulders to get a better view. Please ask your children to refrain from screaming. Be sure to bring their favorite snack and plenty of it. followed by three. One wrong movement from the boat can send a kid flying. they restrict your view to a small area. If your child is having trouble seeing or getting to a railing ask a crew member to help. By thinking ahead and preparing yourself you should get the most out of your trip. Loud noises will put the crew on alert. Lastly.to six- . make it fun. or the speed of a child on a bicycle. 30 seconds apart. General Unless you're an expert whale-watcher.coloring books for the young ones. Boats are made of metals and sometimes have nonskid surfaces. Page1 Grey whales normally swim in a cycle of 3 to 5 blows. They move about 5 miles per hour. For safety reasons do not allow your children to run around the boat. Cards and travel games are a good idea as well. and even on dry land. binoculars may not be very useful. It is also not a good idea for them to stand on benches. Make it safe. sketch pads and journals for older ones. Eating always takes up a little time.

Bring along something to entertain them. Festivals Page1 The Annual Gray Whale Migration . 60% of the sunlight bounces back up from the water's surface. in layers. 11. you may want to bring gloves or mittens (an extra pair of socks make a good emergency substitute). Any time of the year it will be colder out on the water than it is on the shore. Few Whale Watching . Young children can get bored on a whalewatching trip. Wear sunglasses.minute dive. some of the smaller boats can kick up quite a spray. • Dress Warmly. Even if it isn't raining. The glare from the water can give you a headache. and you can sunburn even under cloudy skies. Bring a waterproof jacket with a hood. In winter. no matter what the weather. Even if you sit in the shade. Wear sunscreen. and they often show their tail flukes just before they dive. Wear a hat or visor to shade your eyes.

wine.Whale watching festivals are a fun way to enjoy the annual migration of the gray whales along the California coast. ordered from north to south. and whale-watching excursions are offered at just about every harbor. you don't have to wait for a festival to go whale-watching. They celebrate with food. music. is held annually to celebrate the return of the Southern Right whales to the waters of Walker Bay. They hold whale-watching walks and informational programs. In the Monterey area. Many coastal communities offer special events from fall through spring. parades and street fairs. You'll find a listing of California whale-watching festivals below. The Hermanus Whale Festival The only Environ-Arts festival in South Africa. our magnificent environment and the arrival of Spring! Page1 . Of course. You can watch the great beasts swim by from numerous headlands and promontories along the coast. they're even offered year round.

Hermanus. plays host to thousands of visitors who flock to the seaside resort to exhilarate in the unique natural environment. revel in music. On Friday the Four Kings Comedy show will tickle your funny bone and ABBA Page1 . Billy Forrest. The focus will once again be on our wonderful environment. Come face to face with Wally the whale and his ocean buddies. Sally Vaughn and Bobby Angel will take to the stage on Thursday 24 September. comedy and African rhythms throughout the Festival. known as the best land based whale watching destination in the world. Educational displays for little festinos and well known guest speakers are just a few of the highlights! Further highlights of the 2009 festival includes the SAB gig rig where our country greats. watch whales. with a strong emphasis on marine life and protection.

The Whales 'n Wheels Vintage Classic Car Show has gained momentum and an increased following. and the gleaming machines will be showcased at the Primary School grounds. The whales are always the star performers at the Festival and will be joined on land by musicians.Magic will bring the great ABBA hits to life on Saturday. Do read more. sports celebrities and thousands of people celebrating Spring in the most beautiful place on earth – Hermanus. Page1 . The National Sea Rescue Institute offers dramatic rescues on Saturday. crafters. Pay a visit to the Whale of a Wine Festival on Saturday. Budding entrepreneurs are invited to participate. 26 September. Little festinos will be further entertained at the Kids Morning Market that will be held at Market Square on Saturday. 25 September. The popular Whale Festival Classic Charity Golf Event will take place at the Hermanus Golf course on Friday. 26 September from 08:00 to 14:00.

Dana Point: A Profile Just south of Laguna Beach on the California coast lies a lovely stretch of shoreline where year-round temperatures hover around 70 degrees and a soft sea breeze wafts in daily from the glistening Pacific. In the middle of this gentle setting lies a historic headland known as Dana Point. baboons and kayak trips are just some of the adventures available. emerald green lawn and park.” Atop the majestic cliffs above the shoreline are 42 acres of brilliant. and especially for whale watching excursions on the ocean. Casual sports clothing year-around during the day is suitable. named for author/seaman Richard Henry Dana who. bird watching and Fynbos hikes. A sweater or jacket is recommended for cool mornings and evenings. Average annual rainfall is 12 inches. Average winter temperature 65 degrees F (18 degrees C). after sailing into the area. described the cliffed cove as “the only romantic spot in California. Average summer temperature (April-September) is 75 degrees F (24 degrees C). Dana Point festival of whales Dana Point's year-round Mediterranean climate affords visitors sunny days and cool evenings. cool paths for strolling and Page1 . Here are miles of jogging and bicycling trails for the fitness buff.Whale watching and shark cage diving.

Doheny offers lush. or the man versus nature sport of windsurfing. Whether it be the excitement of ocean sailing. Visitors relax on a beach and relish a view. Through a colorfully trellised walkway is Dana Wharf. Dana Point harbor fulfills man’s love of the sea. and ample room for families. the contest of deep sea fishing. watch the gracefully swooping seagulls. regardless of their seafaring abilities. Protected by a 1½-mile jetty. or charter a fishing boat and try their hand at harnessing what the ocean has to offer. one of Southern California’s most valued coastal recreational preserves. with room left over for the kite flyer wanting to put the soft ocean breezes to good use. But. the jewel of Dana Point is the 2500-slip yacht harbor. roller skate along the harbor pathways. a variety of playing fields for the sports minded and the white sandy beaches of picture postcards. grassy picnic areas. is a non-profit educational facility that serves the needs of the educational community and promotes ocean awareness and preservation Page1 . the picturesque harbor offers two separate marinas equipped for those who want to experience the thrill of the sea. cool wooded campgrounds. canvas the shops for that special gift.enjoying the spectacular view. Steps away is the 62-acre Doheny State Beach and Park. another charming themed shopping and dining area. located at the far west end of the Harbor. The Ocean Institute. which is nestled in a natural cove below towering white cliffs.

and are offered through the first of April. Special events are integral to the enchantment of Dana Point. The Festival is held in March. Portions of the center are open to the public on weekends from 10 a. The Institute lies at the edge of the open ocean.m. Dana Point has something for everyone. there are many points of interest for the casual visitor throughout the campus providing a fun. is a celebration of the annual migration of the magnificent California Gray Whale.through its programs.m. Other annual community events include a July 4th fireworks spectacular. unique and memorable learning experience. to 2:30 p. The brig Pilgrim is open for tours most Sundays from 10 a. Dana Point’s most famous annual event. A newly expanded 33. While the new Ocean Education Center is designed primarily for students. and the Institute’s Research Vessel Sea Explorer and historic tallship.m. Whether visitors seek the quiet charm of a seaside village or the exhilaration of a recreational mecca.m.000 square-foot Ocean Education Center consists of six buildings in a campus-like setting reminiscent of an oceanographic outpost station. Spirit of Dana Point offer regularly scheduled weekend cruises. Page1 . the Dana Point Marine Life Refuge and the historic headlands. The Festival of Whales. but whale watching excursions begin the end of December. Tallships Festival and December’s festive Christmas Boat Parade. to 3 p.

Los Angeles International Airport or San Diego Airport. Visitors can fly into John Wayne/Orange County Airport. the San Juan Capistrano Amtrak Depot is located just minutes from Dana Point Page1 Conclusion . For visitors that want to enjoy leisurely travel on the train.Dana Point is the “Whale Capital of the West!” Dana Point is located midway between Los Angeles and San Diego on a coastal bluff just off the San Diego (I-5) freeway.

Whale-watching can bring about fantastic economical possibilities. restaurants. The World Organization of Commerce estimates that "nature" travelling and ecotourism constitute 20% of international travels. whale-watching is a sustainable alternative. it brings in 1 billion dollars per year. still practised by Page1 . It generates the creation of marine sanctuaries. whale-watching brings in more money than whale-hunting. If achieved in good conditions. notably in terms of employment. for coastal communities whose profit is drawn directly from the presence of cetaceans. and providing biologists with a propitious terrain for their studies.The observation of whales in the Northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere represents a flourishing part in the increasing industry of eco-tourism .7 million people who can thus admire numerous species of cetaceans (whales. his conclusions are that these excursions are available in 87 countries worldwide. from the WDCS (Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society) systematically studied whale-watching programmes . they are consumed for hotels. stores etc. Sea-outings on the Atlantic ocean draw every year 1. Erich Hoyt. and porpoises). Tourist come long way to see cetaceans . thus contributing to the conservation of the cetaceans. In 1998. On economical grounds. profitable for men and animals. dolphins.

apo-tokyo. But.wikipedia.some countries .pinnacle-travel.google.com www.com http://whale-watching. In 2003. Bibliography www. that same country drew 82 000 tourists due to whalewatching activity. Iceland killed several dozens of small finbacks during its whale-hunting campaign.co.za www.org www.org www.flicker.org Tourism Marketing Page1 . throughout the year 2004.org/ en.whalefestivel.ifaw.

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