University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City National College of Public Administration and Governance

In partial fulfillment of the requirements in PA 151: LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION

Project Analysis: Integrated Shelter & Land Tenure for the Urban Poor to Effectively Reduce the Incidence of Poverty & Homelessness in Las Piñas City

Submitted by: Decena, Shella Marie Guiang, Julliano Fernando Ignacio, Eunice Anne Submitted to: Prof. Zita Concepcion Calugay

April 7, 2011
Table of Contents:

I.

Introduction

A. Statement of the problem
B. Objectives of the Paper C. Methodology D. Limitations of the paper

II. Review of Related Literature
III. Socio-Economic Profile of the Las Piñas City IV. Profile of the Project A. Title of the project

B. Situation Analysis C. Goals and objectives of the project
D. Structure, staffing, partners E. Funding, Budget, and Utilization of funds F. Project Implementation V. Assessment of the Project

A. Accomplishments
B. Issues and concerns C. Measures to address the issues VI. Recommendations and Conclusion

Review of Related Literature The Philippine Housing Dilemma

. it could be results of various aspects such as fiscal difficulties.gov. T.pdf [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] . [Online] Available at: http://www3. we 1 Llanto. & Tang. Sanchez. It also gives proper investment by means of having a place which could be developed in the long run.. According to studies. 3. but the latter is the less preferred one because again of the notion of house ownership.. that is every household must be able to have their own house. though not very significant to all. M. Lastly. house ownership entails a status in society. In the country’s metropolis areas such as Metro Manila.pids..3 million are considered informal settlers. etc. G. So why have status if housing is a necessity in society? Indeed. Individuals. like the place’s value. even though we cannot change this fact. or groups may not be able to materialize this notion abruptly. aesthetic aspects. Orbeta. one third of the Philippine population can only afford appropriate shelter. If we are to analyze further why there dilemmas occur. The Philippines faces an enormous housing problem. families.1 House ownership assures people the security of tenure of having a place to live in. A Study of Housing Subsidies in the Philippines.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps9842. however. no matter what it looks like or no matter how humble it is – the point is that there is a house that is owned. There is a choice to own a house of for the mean time rent. A. policies and interventions or lack of intervention of the government. Another point is that the Philippines stretch out on the destructive “typhoon belt”. it is essential but reality dictates that this certain need is not provided to everyone due to various dilemmas.There is a notion that could not be written in legal documents or even informal records has been existent in the minds of people since time in memorial. and even a sociological perspective of norms and culture of the Filipinos. this unfortunate fact of course is out of the hands of the administrators of our country.

to intensify the concern in solving the housing problems so as to prevent possible scenarios that could make numerous lives suffer. According to a statement released by the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines which was written by Archbishop Lagdameo of Jaro. does not have suitable housing is the victim of an injustice.” The Church stands firm that proper housing programs. Addressing Housing Problems. and uncollected garbage. a community that is free of stagnant and diseaseridden waters. proper housing entails the human right of having security of tenure. the Philippines spend half a billion yearly as a response to the damages made by uncontrollable natural disasters. It is a point that must be significantly considered for everyone. without any direct fault on his or her own. if only proper housing programs were implemented. “Any person or family that. being a necessity to all citizens. Further human rights are even connected with it such as having clean and inexpensive water. The said statement begins with a quote from the Pontifical Commission Justice & Peace on the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless in the year 1988. Talking about these possible scenarios. decent house. especially the authorities.blogspot.html [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] .2 Having the situation stated with regard to the dilemmas in Philippine housing. J. there are housing dilemmas in the Philippines due to lack of adequate housing..can still do something about it. the challenge on recognizing concrete reasons of why these should be addressed immediately rises. [Online] Available at: http://housingproblem-torresjohn. Failure of the 2 Torres. should be provided due to human rights that must be adhered. This very massive amount of budget could have been allocated to other equally or more important services.com/2009/01/addressing-housingproblem-in. Adequate and humane dwelling is said to be a fundamental right of the people. Also.

religious organizations. It is also the government’s responsibility to mobilize and make the people follow the policies which they have created.html [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] . by regulating policies that would promote the feasibility of financing programs and projects. Government must exert much effort in informing all citizens regarding all laws. the government. The success of formulating and implementation of solutions firstly depends on the active participation of the national and local government. The successful implementation of these programs would definitely prevent the existence of other possible dilemmas. and other groups. [Online] Available at: http://housingproblem-torresjohn.government to deliver to address these problems entails unjust implications to the constituents. the constituents being affected by certain programs. for instance is the policies on land use which basically prohibits illegal settlement. J. non-government organizations. and other groups have been proactive in contributing to the desired solution of the Philippine housing problem. The government is in the perfect position lead the move in addressing the problem such as creating policies that could deliver timely and long-term needs.com/2009/01/addressing-housingproblem-in. [Online] Available at: http://www.cbcponline.blogspot.net/statements/statementonhousingproblems.. Efficient 3 Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines. non-government organizations. The government is also in the proper position to focus on the financial aspect. A Statement of the Nation’s Housing Problems. so as to have a society that is sound and orderly due to the citizens’ adherence to proper guidelines. Addressing Housing Problems.html [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] 4 Torres.3 Recognizing grave effects and possible scenarios that could occur in the future if the said dilemma is not addressed.4 Another aspect that could be considered as a solution is the proper management of financial matters such as the administration of taxation.

same as what the government focuses on.html [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] . the inclusion of another linking age-old dilemma of corruption will never be passé.5 Another solution would be subsidies and other sources. Upon discussing taxation. rather it entails the notion that government would be much effective if there is participation of external efforts which primarily focus on the further development of the nation. citizens must also play their part to ensure that these will all materialize by being proactively vigilant. and financing measures. again for the benefit of the poor households. Government’s intervention entails formulation of regulatory.. which is why these groups enter the frame. [Online] Available at: http://housingproblem-torresjohn. Their image do not necessarily make the government look so bad. J.and effective management would surely entail more funds for the program. The government could only do so much.blogspot. 6 Torres. If the citizens want to have proper allocation of funds and proper administration of taxes. and with these formations. The demand-supply gap being suggested is being responded by the government through intervention of the housing market. great demand for supplies arises – which is also a primary reason why poor households fail to get full access to decent housing. Here enters the crucial role of the non-government organizations and international organizations. The said groups must just only ensure that proper coordination would be conducted so as not to make their efforts and programs overlap with one another.6 There is rapid formation of new households. Addressing Housing Problems. most especially in urban areas. Such measures bring back the discussion to 5 Ibid.com/2009/01/addressing-housingproblem-in. or much proper allocation of budget to certain programs. production.

7 The government has also made efforts to addressing the dilemma being tackled. T. Sanchez. specifically homeless Filipinos.pids. Also. A. [Online] Available at: http://www3. It is an instrument used by the government to provide targeted households of having decent housing. They should not legally own a house and lot and has not availed any housing loans from funding institutions like the SSS and GSIS..pdf [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] 8 Ibid. government and as well as non-governmental organization and concerned citizens must ensure if these ‘target’ beneficiaries are the ‘actual’ beneficiaries of the subsidies – it is just a notion of consistency on being proactively vigilant. It also states that the private sector would be the principal player in giving decent and affordable housing.ph/ris/dps/pidsdps9842. A Study of Housing Subsidies in the Philippines. Housing subsidies exist to bring down the cost of housing. & Tang. that sectors would be tapped so as to make the administration of the government more effective in being able to focus on matters which they should prioritize.. this basically reiterates the notion of participatory and inclusive governance. the said program allows the government to focus more in assisting poor families.subsidies. LBP had formulated a basis in providing financial assistance such as entertaining eligible borrowers only. G. . Borrowers should also have a Gross 7 Llanto. however.. LBP had launched their “Pabahay Program” in line with their social mission that is to allocate housing fund to lend to eligible borrowers. Orbeta.8 Banks of the government such as the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP) also have programs in providing loans to people for housing. It aims to solve housing problems through minimum government assistance. The National Shelter Program was created to address the housing problem.gov. M.. This instrumentality is targeted to relatively poor members of the society.

000 to Php180. the Philippines continue to face the mentioned series of dilemmas on housing.asp [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines. Authorities must recognize that there are laws which entail proper processes in evicting people from their places.” National government will continue to work with the Local Government Units to be able to have full implementation of the provisions provided by the Urban Development & Housing 9 Land Bank of the Philippines. the Church suggests to create a government-church-civil society commission that will focus in formulating guidelines for further development of our cities. Lastly. The new administration.10 In status quo. A Statement of the Nation’s Housing Problems. the government must stop uncaring evictions and demolitions. They should also ensure that the people they are evicting should be transferred to a relocation site with provisions of human needs such as clean water. LBP had also cleared that amount of loan that could be transacted is from Php80. The 45 th promise is called “Working with LGUs in solving housing problems. the bank had created and continuously uses a methodical and efficient collection system. but that should not hinder us in doing something about it. etc. has laid out their list of promises. [Online] Available at: https://www.landbank. electricity. Housing Loans. [Online] Available at: http://www.000 only. government officials must be able to be consistent with the plans which they were saying during their campaigns before they were elected.Family Monthly Income (GFMI) of Php10. They recognize that our country lacks resources.com/products_houseloan.net/statements/statementonhousingproblems.000.cbcponline.html [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] 10 . First. Second. Lastly. under the leadership of President Benigno Aquino III.9 The Catholic Church had also contributed in giving our possible solutions to solve the housing dilemma.

php [Accessed 06 Mar 2011] .noynoy.780 (which composed 4. LGUs will also be empowered to address their housing needs. Promise. ‘Empowerment’ will be concretized upon the provision of incentives such as co-financing schemes. In the same year. Lastly.11 Las Piñas Socio-Economic Profile Summary Las Piñas has grown from a municipality into a highly urbanized city by the late 1990s. among others. In 2000. km. it had a total population of 472. Las Piñas was considered the tenth densest city in the National Capital Region with a density of 14.93 percent.8 percent of the region’s population) and a growth rate of 2. there will be institutionalization and strengthening of participatory shelter planning at the local level. [Online] Available at: http://www.Act (UDHA). according to their contextual situations.463 persons per sq.ph/v3/covenant-urban-poor. 11 President Benigno Aquino III. technical assistance.

To address the build-up in traffic along major thoroughfares. institutions and utilities. Political Subdivision Las Piñas City comprises two districts and twenty barangays. The two biggest barangays. The city does not have a central business district. however. District 2 has fewer barangays than District 1 but it has a bigger land area with 1. they are already undergoing development or are planned to be developed for residential and commercial uses. The smallest barangay in terms of land area is Barangay Ilaya. Activities are concentrated in areas surrounding major shopping malls and residential subdivisions. It also has the two biggest barangays: Almanza Dos with 507. and District 2 which has fewer barangays but a bigger land area. Most of the lands in Las Piñas are used for residential structures.17 hectares.61 has (11. followed by commercial establishments. Almanza Dos and Talon Dos.87 percent). Found in Table 1 is the list of barangays with their corresponding land area.01 hectares (15. the so-called Friendship Routes were opened up to motorists.37 percent) and Talon Dos with 391. Vacant areas and open spaces are still present. the Alabang-Zapote Road serves as the primary spine of Las Piñas City while the Old Quirino Highway serves as the secondary spine.Two districts compose Las Piñas City: District 1 which has more barangays but a smaller land area. which result in heavy vehicular and pedestrian traffic. The . Smaller areas are occupied by industries. are located in District 2.995. At present. This represents approximately 60 percent of the total land area of the city.

49 2.93 1. by Barangay Barangay Las Piñas CAA-BF International Village Daniel Fajardo Elias Aldana Ilaya Manuyo Uno Manuyo Dos Pamplona Uno Pamplona Tres Pulanglupa Uno Pulanglupa Dos Zapote Almanza Uno Almanza Dos Pamplona Dos Pilar Village Talon Uno Talon Dos Talon Tres Talon Kuatro Talon Singko Island Source: 1995 Socio-Economic Profile of Las Land Use Las Piñas became a first-class municipality with the construction of the South Superhighway during the late 1960s.15 4. and the eastern region of what would eventually be called Metro Manila.31 143.298.smallest barangay in terms of land area is Barangay Ilaya which covers less than a hectare.68 247. The seat of local government was transferred from Barangay Daniel Fajardo to Barangay Pamplona Tres.35 5.92 2.32 74.09 209.77 33.13 4.27 5.57 0.44 507. and the commercialization of the Old Town shifted to areas along the Alabang-Zapote road.) 3.19 6.89 72.70 2.50 15.40 2.56 195. This eased access from the Land Area (has.36 11.64 235. Land Area in Las Piñas.37 3.85 187.01 112.40 69.61 115.11 District II 7.65 30.91 southern provinces of Laguna and Batangas.16 204.4 6.20 7.16 0. Table 1.36 13.25 30.62 391.87 3.00 District I 6.60 216.00 Piñas Percent to total 100. Residential subdivisions and large industrial establishments were put up .01 0.77 137.22 70.

The conversion of agricultural lands into urban uses.in the municipality because of its geographical advantage and relatively inexpensive land rent. Population growth has become more dispersed as the need to urbanize more areas increased. population increased and became concentrated in the central portion of Las Piñas where many residential subdivisions were developed. mostly commercial and residential. Because of the development of the nearby towns of Cavite. Table 2. Meanwhile.48 percent of Las Piñas City. Commercial growth along the Alabang-Zapote Road continued. Las Piñas City is largely residential. In the same decade. 2002 . the Manila-Cavite Coastal Road was constructed and it somehow relieved the Quirino highway of traffic congestion. major transport routes became dense with commercial establishments. there are over 200 existing residential subdivisions or ongoing residential development in the city. It experienced a boom in the commercial and industrial sectors. Residential lands occupy roughly 71. Las Piñas began to play host to new industries and those that were originally based in the center of Metro Manila. In the 1980s. Las Piñas City became vulnerable to urban sprawl. The land uses are summarized in Table 2. At present. Land Uses in Las Piñas City. At present. the influx of migrants to Las Piñas City contributed significantly to the mushrooming of informal settlements on public and private lands. The current uses of land in Las Piñas are based on the Land Use Plan crafted in 2002. traffic congestion along the old Quirino highway became problematic. During the same period. was very evident.

61 2.0 0.68 0.75 Promenade 18.04 Residential 2 1.43 0.44 Tourist Area 9.19 3.02 Industrial 131.17 2.54 53 Residential 3 146.68 9.29 4.48 4.08 0.00 Total Land Use Map: . Las Piñas City Area (has.04 Commercial 3 297.19 Residential 1 462.37 4.5 Parks & open spaces 82.0 Institutional 72.09 Cemetery 16.45 1.) Land Use Percent Commercial 1 136.298.28 Utility 3.Source: City Planning & Development Office.753.32 3.57 PUD 43.60 100.68 0.96 14.14 Commercial 2 100.5 Mixed Use 24.

086 and a growth rate of 6.643 15. Table 3.478 17. Las Piñas City registered a total count of 472. compared to a total population of 413.55 7.21 5.780 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 .438 11. Its fast population growth was due to rapid urbanization influenced by the construction of major infrastructure such as the South Expressway in the late 1960s.538 24. The population continued to grow especially in the 1970s and 1980s when a lot of migrants from the provinces came to Las Piñas to seek greener pastures in what is now known as Metro Manila.548 30.514 26.39 percent in 1995.93 4. 2000 Populatio Barangay Percent to Rank n t (1 as the o highest) t a l Las Piñas City CAA-BF International Village Talon Dos Almanza Uno Almanza Dos Pulanglupa Uno Talon Uno Pamplona Tres Talon Singko Talon Tres Pulanglupa Dos Pilar Talon Kuatro Zapote Pamplona Uno Manuyo Dos Elias Aldana Pamplona Dos Daniel Fajardo Manuyo Uno 72.925 17.780 with a growth rate of 2.301 21.53 5.61 5.33 3.684 33.20 1.891 27.379 9.415 13.544 20.136 35.68 2.076 23.99 1.85 7.56 4.35 2.93 percent.79 3.617 24.84 2.83 472.39 7.81 5.411 8.768 37.10 6.097 10.Population In the year 2000.10 4. Total Population by Barangay.

042 2.93 2009 563.127 structures are in danger of demolition. Projected figures computed by research group based on NSO projected annual rate.60 2008 547. Projected Population of Las Piñas (2007-2017) Percentage Increase Year Total Population from Previous Year 2000 472. Las Piñas City is faced with the challenge of an increasing number of informal settlements that encroach on both public and private lands. there are about 226 identified informal settlements or urban poor communities within the city.93 2012 615.330 (actual) 12.682 2.93 2017 710.93 2011 597.93 2016 690. consisting of an estimated 34.927 2.377 : National Statistics Office (NSO) 1.93 Source: Actual figures from 2007 Census.93 2014 651. of household Social housing No. June 2006 Location No.506 2.780 (actual) n/a 2007 532.93 2015 670.12 Identified informal settlements in Las Piñas.Source Ilaya 6.981 2.022 2. As of 2006.061 household structures (Table 5). Roughly 3.333 2.35 20 Based from the National Statistics Office survey. The population of Las Piñas City is projected to increase at an annual rate of2.93 2013 633. Informal Settlers Like other urban areas in Metro Manila.93 2010 580. Table 2.962 households in 2000.560 2. of identified .590 2. The average household size in 2000 was about five family members per household. Table 4.93 percent.515 2. the city had a total number of 97.

026 11. Aldana Ilaya Manuyo I Manuyo II Pamplona I Pamplona II Pamplona III Pilar Pulang Lupa I Pulang Lupa II Talon I Talon II Talon III Talon IV Talon V Zapote structures 2.710 in 2007. then to 41.317 Total 34.113 1. from 34.286 1.369 2.447 463 750 1.061 Source: Urban Poor Affairs Office.193 704 2.411 348 0 252 818 903 374 1. Profile of the Project Title of the Project Integrated Shelter & Land Tenure for the Urban Poor to Effectively Reduce the Incidence of Poverty & Homelessness in Las Piñas City The project of the city of Las Piñas on housing for the urban poor entitled “Integrated Shelter & Land Tenure for the Urban Poor to Effectively Reduce the .319 1.071 457 22.072 1.505 households of informal settlers (from final figures gleaned in December 2009).056 30 10.19 1 292 108 220 828 1.061 households to 36.1 32 Piñas City communitybased organizations 15 6 13 5 4 6 7 5 6 5 4 12 17 7 46 15 9 7 27 10 226 These figures have increased exponentially as time passed.411 374 256 582 938 2. Fajardo E.178 470 248 422 1.Almanza I Almanza II CAA/BF International D.390 2. Las beneficiari es 1.002 1.504 1.

illiteracy. In order to address the issue on land ownership and housing problems of the informal settlers the City of Las Piñas decided to create a housing program for them. the government had the responsibility not just to help but also to uplift the life and situation of those who are in need.” By taking that view into account. foremost of which are the freedoms to avoid hunger. Situational Analysis Prior to the implementation of the project. Informal settlers were squatting on idle lands that are either owned by the local government or by private land owners. and other brought about in the lack of command over resources.Incidence of Poverty & Homelessness” was awarded as one of the ten outstanding local government programs in 2007 by Galing Pook Foundation. The program recognized the fact that shelter is an important factor in upholding one’s dignity. Objectives of the Project . Being said so. disease. Poverty as defined by the United Nations is the “absence or inadequate realization of certain basic freedom. The late Pope John XXIII also said that “Shelter is not only a basic human need but a basic right of every person and families that must be uphold by those who have been given the responsibility and authority to do so”. the number of informal settlers in the City was numerous and had been going uncontrolled for a long time. Las Piñas City considered charity as an important tool in achieving their obligations as well as an instrument for empowerment to the urban poor.

2. the private sector and other sections. Enhance the capabilities of Community Based Organizations (CBOs) in implementing their housing project from beginning to end and beyond. Generate local as well as national resources for social housing.To successfully trim down the incidence of poverty and homelessness in Las Piñas City. 4. 3. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE LAS PIÑAS CITY URBAN POOR OFFICE . Establish mechanisms governance and for CBO empowerment towards participatory 5. Work for a more meaningful principled partnering with NGOs. 710 urban poor families of Las Piñas City. the program on Integrated Shelter and Land Tenure for the Urban Poor aims to achieve the following: 1. Ensure security of land tenure of the 36.

and workshop involving other department. computer and other equipments) of trainings and discussions. dialogue.Project Implementers and Their Roles 1. encoders and database person in-charge and the field work in the barangays. FDA . trainings of interviewers. Urban Poor Affairs Office (UPAO) It coordinates all the activities including meetings. 2. 3. It will facilitate participants’ attendance and logistical requirements (venue. ICSI Acts as the project holder and will be directly accountable for the documentation and reporting of the project. It will be responsible in putting together the inputs for the research component and the discussions as well as serve as resource person for the trainings.

00 110.00 120.321.000.00 158.535. 35 29.00 100.The organization assists in facilitating the conduct of activities in the community such as data gathering and training of community leaders. 242.00 120. 40 60 2.000. 000. 091. 364.210. Having previous working relationship with Las Piñas City Government in securing tenure for the urban poor. 282.608.000.45 412.329. 00 1.83 257.00 52. 00 5. 95 11. 345. 80 10.709. 00 1. 744. 140. 000.00 432. Personal Services 2. 00 00 Year 2005 P 149. 020.00 24. 000.00 60. 00 PROGRAM BUDGET CALENDAR YEAR 2007 I. 000. FINANCIAL PROFILE OF THE PROGRAM FOR THE LAST THREE YEARS Sources of Funds LGU of Las Piñas National Governme nt Communit y-Based Organizati ons NGOs & Private Sector Year 2004 P 151. It will also actively join as a participant in the training process.00 Salaries and Wages PERA ADCOM Clothing & Uniform Allowance Productivity Incentive Benefits Overtime & Night Pay Cash Gift Year end Bonus Life & Retirement Insurance Benefits Pag-ibig Contribution Philhealth Contribution ECC Contribution Monetization 1. it will definitely involve in post-project activities particularly in institutionalizing the pro-poor mechanisms in the LGU. 810.000. 534. 927.973. 404.00 40.00 24.586.000. 891. 184. 000. 855.000. 900. 955. Total P 413. 896.020. 676.791. 60 7. 728.00 .31 350.857.120. Year 2006 P 111. 59 1.600.00 15. 432.000.000.507. 704.

000. 064.00 14. 410. 1 42. 150 141. 985 310 661 785 180 601 Project Cost (Land Acquisition) 427. 118.00 50. 00 0 0 0 40.00 100.00 2. 98 34. 63 520. 000.00 600. 069 15.00 800. 000 0 16. 000.314. Comprehensive Development Plan and Public Investment Program ________________ TOTAL BUDGET 62.000. 00 3.000. 573 1.000.Local Office Supplies Expenses Gasoline.00 70.000. 000.045.385.000. 918. Of CBOs 97 18 8 46 4 3 4 1 5 Area Occupied (sq. Economic Development (CDC Res. 2 569.00 IV.000. 377. 02-06) 42.00 Travelling Expenses . 200 . No.000. 857.00 200. 187.853.II. Maintenance and Other Operating Expenses 4. Of HH per Acquisition 8. 001 23.000.000.00 III.631.3 7 74. Oil & Lubricants Expense Telephone Expenses – Landline Repairs & Maintenance – Office Equipment Repairs & Maintenance – Motor Vehicles Donations Other Maintenance & Operating Expenses 215.000.385.00 Program Delivery and Assisted Projects ( 2007 YEAR END REPORT) Mode of Land Acquisitions Community Mortgage Program Direct Purchases Zonal Improvement Program Presidential Proclamation Miscellaneous Sales Deed of Donation Usufruct Area for Priority Development Land Tenurial Assistance No. 115 2. M) 323.892.000. 919 8. 072 10. 936 No.

600 . 182.Program of NHA Group Land Acquisition and Dev’t of PAGIBIG fund 1 657 24 1.

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