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Location : Tucked in the north eastern corner of India, close to Myanmar (Burma). State Capital : Kohima Best Time to Travel : Through out the year. Official Language : English Tribes : Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khiamniungan, Kuki, Konyak, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sumi, Sangtam, Yimchungru, Zeliang. Climate Rains are heavy in Nagaland. The average rainfall is between 175cm and 250 cm. Most of the heavy rainfall is during the 4 months from June to September. The rains during April to May is low. Strong winds blow from the north west in February and March. The climate is pleasant.
Nagaland The State of Nagaland was formally inaugurated on December 1st, 1963, as the 16th State of the Indian Union. It is bounded by Assam in the West, Myanmar (Burma) on the east, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assam on the North and Manipur in the South. The State consists of seven Administrative Districts, inhabited by 16 major tribes along with other sub-tribes. Each tribe is distinct in character from the other in terms of customs, language and dress. The History The ancient history of Nagaland is very obscure. Little is known about what is now Nagaland, including the origin of several large sandstone pillars at Dimapur. British rule was established over the area by the 1890s, and headhunting, then a traditional practice, was banned. The Naga territory remained divided between Assam and the North East Frontier Agency after Indian independence in 1947, despite a vocal movement supporting the political union of all the Naga tribes; one faction called for discord from India. The Indian government established a single Naga administrative unit under Indian rule in the year 1957, following the violent incidents. The Naga people replied by refusing to pay their taxes and by conducting a campaign of sabotage. In 1960, in the face of civil unrest, the Indian government agreed to make Nagaland a self-governing state within India. The state was officially inaugurated in 1963. However, the Naga separatists continued to demand autonomy and a single administrative unit comprising all the Naga-inhabited areas spanning some of the north-eastern states. A long history of insurgency has been painstakingly stemmed with talks and ceasefire agreements between Naga rebels and the Central Government, and today the state is relatively free of conflict.
The Physiology of Nagaland The state is divided into seven districts - Kohima, Phek, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheloto, Twensang and Mon. The terrain is hilly, rugged and mountainous. The highest peak is Saramati in the Twensang district which is 3840 metres above sea-level. The average height of the peaks is between 900 and 1200 metres. The main rivers that flow through the state are Dhansiri, Doyang, Dikhu, Tizu and Melak. There is
no waterfall in Nagaland. The only lake well known is Lacham to the east of Mehiri. The hill sides are covered with green forests. In the Angami region, the terraced fields are a feast to the eyes.
Three Major Cities of Nagaland
Nagaland Cities Dimapur Kohima Dzukou valley
This farthest lying state in northeast, Nagaland, was born on 1st December 1963. The state is divided into seven districts: Kohima, Phek, Mokokchung, Wokha, Zunheloto, Twensang and Mon. It is a largely mountainous state. Agriculture is the most important economic activity in Nagaland. Principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes and fibres. Other economy boosters are Forestry, Cottage industries, Insurance, Real estate and Tourism. Nagaland Festivals
Horn Bill Festival Time : 1st week of December (Every year) Venue : Kohima, Nagaland in India. Celebrated By : All the tribes of Nagaland. Duration : 8 days
Dr. Miten Mehta
Digitally signed by Dr. Miten Mehta DN: cn=Dr. Miten Mehta, c=IN, ou=Anandabawa Kidney Dialysis Centre, email=drmiten@gmail .com Reason: I am the author of this document Date: 2008.02.12 23:34:23 +05'30'
Time : 1st Venue : Celebrated Duration : One Week. Nazu Festival Time : February. Celebrated By : Pochury Tribes. Venue : Phek, Nagaland in India. Duration : 10 Days.
Moatsu Festival week of May. Mokokchung, Nagaland in India. By : Ao Tribe.
Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary
State : Nagaland, the north eastern state of India. Best Time to Travel : November to February. Locate : Situated close to the Myanmar (Burma) border in the north eastern state of Nagaland in India. Know the Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary in Nagaland Nagaland boasts of its rich flora & fauna. Each of the sanctuary in Nagaland is different than the other in terms of variety and scenic beauty. The Fakim Sanctuary in Nagaland is close to the Myanmar border. The sanctuary lies in the Pungro circle headquarter in Nagaland. The Nagaland Fakim Sanctuary is spread over an area of 642 ha. The Fakim Sanctuary receives high rainfall and is home to numerous flora & fauna. The sanctuary houses some of the rare species of flora & fauna, found elsewhere. Journey to Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary Airport : Kohima, the state capital is linked to Guwahati (Assam) by the NH 39. One can easily reach the sanctuary from Kohima by road. Railhead : Nagaland does not possess well laid rail lines. As the rail lines do not connect all of Nagaland, one can only reach the sanctuary by road. The closest railway station from the Fakim Sanctuary is located at Dimapur in Nagaland.
Road Transport : NH 39 links Nagaland to Guwahati by road. Once in Kohima , one can easily reach the sanctuary by bus or taxi. Staying near Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary Circuit House and PWD Inspection Bunglow are available for the tourists in Nagaland. Sightseeing in the Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary The Landscape Physiographically, the area is covered with hills, high ridges deep gorges and narrow valleys. Because of this variation, in altitude, vegetation of this district is equally varied and variegated. Forest of the district is tropical to sub-tropical. Important trees found in the district are, Bonsum, Bogipoma, Khasi Pine, Oaks, Amari, Gamari, Hollock, Nahor, Uriam, Alder, Kachnar, Sasi, etc. Because of heavy rainfall in these area the forests are full of undergrowth shrubs. More than dozen species of ferns and numerous species of orchids are found in this district. Rhododendrons are found flowering pleasantly in March- April.Various variety of canes bamboos are also found in abundance. Trees of Dalchini and Tejpata are found scattered in the area. The Fauna The Fakim Sanctuary is quite rich in its variety of fauna. Some important animals found in the district are; Tiger, Hoolock gibbons, Panther, Jungle Cat, Himalayan Bear, Bison, Sambar, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Slender Loris etc. Indian Horn Bill, Tragopan Pheasant, Grey Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, Green Pigeon, Doves etc are important birds found in the district. Adventure in Nagaland Trekking in Nagaland Dzukou Valley
Trekking in Nagaland
State : Nagaland, the north eastern state of India. Best Season to Trek : November to March. Locations for Trekking : Dzukou Valley, Mokokchung, Pungro, Mount Tiyi, Satoi Range. Trekking Tips : Take trekking shoes and other trekking equipment with yourself. Try to contact a proper trekking guide, who would help you in your trekking requirements and also in organising your treks to Nagaland.
State : Nagaland, in the north eastern part of India. Best Time to Travel: From June to September. Location: Located in south western part of Nagaland. It is about 30 km south of Kohima, the
capital of Nagaland.
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