MATERI, SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 2) MATERI: EXPRESSIONS · PENGERTIAN Expressions adalah beberapa jenis ungkapan yang lazim

dipakai dalam berkomunikasi atau percakapan. · BEBERAPA JENIS EXPRESSIONS: 1. Introduction (Perkenalan) · I’d like to introduce myself, ______ · Let me introduce myself, ______ · Allow me to introduce myself, ______ · Let me introduce you to ______ · This is ______ 2. Greeting and Leave –Taking (Selamat / Bertemu dan Berpisah) · How do you do ? · How are you ? · How are you doing ? · How is life ? · It is nice to meet you · I am very happy to meet you · Hello · Hi · Good morning, afternoon, evening, night

· Good bye · See you later · See you soon · Cheerio 3. Gratitude and Appreciation (Terima Kasih dan Penghargaan) · Thank you · Thank you very much · It is very kind of you · Congratulation · Congratulation on ______ · Happy ______ · Have a nice ______ · Good luck 4. Apology (Permintaan Maaf) · I am sorry · I don’t mean to ______ · Forgive me · I hope you forgive me 5. Ability and DisabilityUJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.INGGRIS Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan) www.haarrr.wordpress.com education for all; education for a better life (Mampu dan Tidak Mampu) · Yes, I can · No, I can’t

· Yes, I am able to ______ · No, I am not able to ______ · I think I am able to ______ · I think I am unable to ______ · I can’t, I’m afraid 6. Certainty and Uncertainty (Yakin/Pasti dan Tidak Yakin/Tidak Pasti) · I am sure · I am not sure · I am certain · I am not certain · I doubt that · I can’t decide · I don’t know 7. Agreement and Disagreement (Setuju dan Tidak Setuju) · I agree · I disagree · I absolutely agree · I think so · I don’t think so · You are absolutely right · You are right, but ______ 8. Like and Dislike (Suka dan Tidak Suka)

education for a better life · Listen to me! · Keep the room clean! .· I like it · I love it · I’m very keen on ______ · I don’t like it · I hate it 9. Command and Prohibition (Perintah dan Larangan) · Pay attention. please 10.INGGRIS Materi: Expressions (Ungkapan) www.wordpress.com education for all. Opinion (Pendapat) · What do you think of ______ · I think ______ · Let’s talk about it · I wonder ______ · Give me comments or suggestions. please ? · What can I do for you. _____? 11.haarrr. please!UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. May I ______ ? · Do you mind ______ · Would you please ______ · Would you help me. Asking and Offering (Meminta dan Menawarkan) · Excuse me.

Preference (Lebih Suka / Pilihan) · I like ______ better than ______ · I prefer ______ to ______ · I would rather ______ than ______ 14. Exclamation (Kekaguman) · What a wonderful world ! · What a beautiful girl ! · How beautiful she is ! . Warning (Peringatan) · Watch out ! · Be aware of ______ ! · Be careful ! 13. please! · Don’t go away! · Don’t worry! · Don’t be late! · No talking. please! · No smoking! · No parking in this area! 12.· Let’s go! · Be on time! · Be a good student! · Don’t move.

It has a three – year guarantee. Shopkeeper : So. I’m certain the quality is good B. but ______. (UN 2006/P1) A. I believe that it will satisfy you. Shopkeeper : Please don’t worry about it. I can’t decide if it is goodUJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. I’m not sure about the quality D. are you going to buy this gas stove? Customer : Yes. everything will be all right · What a pity · I am sorry to hear that · Poor you · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘EXPRESSIONS’ ) 1. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 3) MATERI : TENSES Tenses yaitu bentuk kata kerja Bahasa Inggris yang perubahannya berkaitan dengan ‘waktu’. there ‘s no doubt about the quality C.INGGRIS Materi: Expressi MATERI. .· How big the ship is ! · It is great ! · Excellent ! 15. Sympathy (Ikut bersimpati) · Take it easy · Don’t worry.

Simple Present B. Catatan: Untuk pola 1 = Ada penambahan s/es pada V1 jika Subj he. they = are ) . I am fine. jenis tenses dasar yang harus dikuasi adalah: A. Present Perfect E. she is diligent. Simple Past C. she.Verb): do / does ( I. she. they are here. Contoh penggunaan ‘tenses’: 1. is. you. ever. Present Future A. we. it = is ) ( You. Negative dan Tanya. Saya akan belajar di SMA tahun depan 3. Noun and Adverb). it Untuk kal. Complement: Non-Verb. they like English 2. seldom. often. usually. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (waktu kini / saat ini) Digunakan untuk menjelaskan sesuatu yang bersifat umum dan kebiasaan. S + to be + Complement. Present Continuos D. we. S + V1 (s/es) I like English. sometimes. never. I studied at SD three years ago 3. always. kata kerja Bantu-nya (Aux. she likes English. ( I = am ) ( He. Keterangan Waktu dan Frekwensi: Every.Misal: Verb 1 (infinitive). bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective. they = do ) ( He. Pola: 1. it = does ) Untuk pola 2 = to be (am. Saya belajar di SMP (saat ini) 1. I will study at SMA next year · JENIS-JENIS TENSES Ada 16 bentuk tenses. Untuk tingkat SMP. Verb 2. Saya belajar di SD tiga tahun yang lalu 2. I study at SMP 2. she. are) tergantung subject. dan Verb 3.

jamak = were . Pola: 1. kata kerja bantu-nya (Aux. they.wordpress. we. Contoh kalimat: (+) She played badminton yesterday (-) She did not play badminton yesterday >> You.ago. last ---. SIMPLE PAST TENSE (waktu lampau) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan di masa lampau/lalu. Pembentukan V2 : Untuk regular verb (teratur) >> tambahkan d/ed Untuk irregular verb (tdk teratur) >> lihat kamus (daftar Verb) Untuk kal.haarrr. S + to be + Complement She was sick last night. S + V2 I studied English yesterday 2. Noun and Adverb). Negative dan Tanya. were) tergantung Subject >> I. Verb) adalah: did Pola 2. they were here yesterdayUJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. (-) He is not smart (?) Is he smart? B.Contoh kalimat: 1. she. (+) She plays badminton every Sunday (-) She does not play badminton every Sunday (?) Does she play badminton every Sunday? 2. etc. (+) He is smart. --. To be (was. Keterangan Waktu: Yesterday. he. bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective. in 1997. it = was.com education for all. Catatan: Pola 1. education for a better life Complement: Non-Verb.INGGRIS Materi: Tenses www.

we. at present. for (selama). at this moment Contoh kalimat: (+) He is studying English now. understand. want. already/just now (baru saja) = has to be present: (is. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (telah / sudah) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang telah atau sudah selesai dilakukan. they. · I. she. bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective. like. jamak = have · He. S + have/has + been + Complement I have been here for 1 hour Complement: Non-Verb. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE (waktu sedang-sekarang) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sedang terjadi (sekarang) Pola: S + to be + V-ing Keterangan Waktu: Now. believe. am. it Keterangan Waktu: since (sejak). see. D. Misalnya: Verb be. are) . know. you. (-) He is not studying English now (?) Is he studying English now? Catatan: Tidak semua kata kerja bisa diubah menjadi bentuk continuous. Pola: 1. Noun and Adverb).(?) Did she play badminton yesterday? (+) He was here last night (-) He was not here last night (?) Was he here last night? C. S + have/has + V3 I have worked for 1 hour 2. Penggunaan ‘have’ atau ‘has’ tergantung pada Subject.

I will be here tomorrow Complement: Non-Verb.are) sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya Contoh: I will work tomorrow / I am going to work tomorrow to be + going to She will work tomorrow / She is going to work tomorrow Keterangan Waktu. next week.INGGRIS Materi: Tenses www. S + will + be + Complement 2. (-) She has not worked at the bank for 4 yearsUJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. coming holiday Contoh kalimat: (+) she will write the letter tonight. next time. diganti dengan to be (is.haarrr.com education for all. education for a better life (?) Has she worked at the bank for 4 years? Catatan: Jika negative (has not / have not) : belum Jika ditambah ‘ever’ : sudah pernah Jika ditambah ‘never’ : belum pernah I have ever met him (saya sudah pernah bertemu dia) I have not met him (saya belum bertemu dia) I have never met him (saya belum pernah bertemu dia) E. bukan kata kerja (Contoh: Adjective. Noun and Adverb). misalnya: tomorrow. . Pola: 1. Pola Lain: kata ‘will’. (-) She will not write the letter tonight.am.wordpress. S + will + V1/inf 1. I will work tomorrow 2. PRESENT FUTURE TENSE (akan. di masa mendatang) Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang akan dilakukan di masa mendatang. tonight.Contoh kalimat: (+) She has worked at the bank for 4 years.

will take B. Sir. wins B. menggunakan Verb 2. He’s sick. takes D. present future berpasangan dengan simple present.wordpress.com education for all. Teacher : I see. His mother ______ him to the clinic yesterday. (UN 2006/P1) A. Dian Basuki is a piano player. · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘TENSES’ ) 1. (UN 2005/P1) A. tookUJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. Pilihan yang me . Contoh: I will come if he invites me. ada keterangan waktu yesterday. Berarti Kalimat Simple Past.(?) Will she write the letter tonight? · Dalam kalimat pengandaian. perhatikan keterangan waktu ‘since’ (sejak). has won C. Maka pilihan yang tepat adalah ‘has won’ (telah memenangkan) JAWAB: B 2. will won D. Teacher : Who’s absent today. Berarti kalimat tersebut ber-tenses ‘Present Perfect’ (telah/sudah).INGGRIS Materi: Tenses www.haarrr. He ______ many competitions in Indonesia since he was a primary school student. won PEMBAHASAN: Untuk melengkapi kalimat terakhir dari soal di atas. education for a better life PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Jihan yang kedua. Pola ‘Present Perfect’: Subj + have/has + V3. children? Jihan : Umar. He plays the piano very well. has taken C.

haarrr.wordpress.com education for all.UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.INGGRIS Materi: Question Words www. Contoh beberapa Question Words: · what : apa (benda. konkret/abstrak) · who : siapa (subject/object) · whom : siapa (object) · whose : milik siapa · where : dimana / kemana · when : kapan · which : yang mana (pilihan) · why : mengapa · how : bagaimana (keadaan & cara) · what else : apa lagi yang lainnya · what kind of : apa jenisnya · which one (s) : yang mana · how many : berapa banyak (dapat dihitung) · how much : berapa banyak (tak dapat dihitung) · how much : berapa harganya · how far : berapa jauh (jarak) · how long : berapa lama (waktu) . education for a better life MATERI. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 4) MATERI: QUESTION WORDS Question Words (kata tanya) merupakan salah satu materi yang sering muncul dalam soal Ujian Nasional.

Tina : Yeah. how high D. (UN 2005/P2) A. too. Han ? Jihan : The new one on the table. Ario : Oh. ______ is Australia from here ? Alice : It’s about 20. how far C. I’d like to visit you in Sydney. JAWAB: B 2. it is.· how old : berapa umurnya · how tall : berapa tingginya · how wide : berapa lebarnya · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘QUESTION WORDS’ ) 1. Which one C. (UN 2005/P1) A. berarti Tina menanyakan jarak.000 km). Tina : By the way. but I bet your country is beautiful. It’s my dream. how long B.000 kilometers. Alice : Your country is really beautiful. how old PEMBAHASAN: Berdasarkan jawaban Alice: “It’s about 20. Alice : You can come any time you like. What guitar .000 km” (sekitar 20. it’s mine. Which ones B. Maka Question word yang tepat adalah “how far” (berapa jauh/jaraknya). Jihan : Whose guitar is that ? Ario : ______.

Where elseUJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.wordpress. Sifat Adverb Noun : kt.haarrr. · TABEL TINGKAT PERBANDINGAN TINGKAT POLA KETERANGAN CIRI-CIRI Positive Sama as adj /adv as the same N as Adjective : kt.D. JAWAB: B UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.INGGRIS Materi: Comparison (Perbandingan) www. Benda Comparative Lebih . Keterangan : kt. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 5) MATERI: COMPARISON Comparison (Perbandingan) adalah struktur kalimat yang meliputi tingkat perbandingan sama (positive). Han?” (Which one). Kata “one” menggantikan “gitar” (satu buah).haarrr. menandakan bahwa gitar Cuma satu.wordpress.INGGRIS Materi: Question Words www. education for a better life PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan ucapan Jihan: ”Whose guitar is that ?” (Milik siapa gitar itu?).com education for all. Sedangkan “ones” (banyak/lebih dari satu buah). Sedangkan maksud Han: “Yang mana.com education for all. tingkat perbandingan lebih (comparative) dan tingkat perbandingan paling (superlative). education for a better life MATERI.

adj /adv er more adj/adv 1 suku kata 2 atau lebih suku kata Pembandingnya: ’than’(daripada) Superlative Paling the adj/adv est the most adj/adv 1 suku kata 2 atau lebih suku kata Pembandingnya: ’of’ . They are as diligent as Andi 3. Linda is as good as Santi . Anita is as smart as Ifa 2. ’among’ (daripada/diantara) · Adjective tidak beraturan (irregular adjectives): · good better the best (baik) (lebih baik) (paling baik) · bad / ill worse the worst (buruk) (lebih buruk) (paling buruk) · Contoh kalimat: · Tingkat Sama 1.

000 3. He is the best in his class · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘COMPARISONS’ ) 1. Microwave Rp. Electric Coffe Maker Rp. Albert is more diligent than Katty 3.com education for all.INGGRIS Materi: Comparison www.· Tingkat Lebih 1. 1.250. (UN 2006/P1) A. I am the smartest of all 2. . 1. Aco is better than Beddu · Tingkat Paling (ter . the most expensive B. Berdasarkan table. as cheap as PEMBAHASAN: Lihat perbandingan harga antara Washing Machine dengan Microwave. cheaper than D. Refrigerator Rp.wordpress. education for a better life The list shows that a washing machine is ______ a microwave.) 1. 2. You are smarter than Nur 2.haarrr. Look at the following list. (Perbandingan) 237. She is the most diligent among her friends 3.500UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. Washing Machine Rp.010. the same price C.750.950.000 5. harga Washing Machine lebih murah daripada Microwave.000 2. Vacuum Cleaner Rp. No Appliances Price 1. Lebih murah= ‘cheaper’. 2.000 4.

aren’t they? Joe : Yes. stronger than B. very strong PEMBAHASAN: Dari perkataan Frank (Mike bisa meng-K. 100. (UN 2004/P2) Price: Rp. more expensive D.000 / ticket A. cheaper C. Frank : And Mike can knock out his opponent easily. informasi yang ditonjolkan adalah “harga tiket” (Price).JAWAB: C 2. jawabannya adalah tingkat lebih. (UN 2005/P1) A. Dengan demikian. faster B. JAWAB: B Price: Rp. but Mike Tyson is ______ Hollyfield. lawannya dengan mudah) bisa diambil kesimpulan bahwa sebenarnya Mike Tyson “lebih kuat” (stronger)daripada Hollifield. Berarti Bepergian dengan kereta api “lebih murah” (cheaper)daripada dengan bus.O. 75. as strong as C. more comfortable PEMBAHASAN: Berdasarkan gambar.000 / ticket . They are both strong. JAWAB: A 3. The Picture shows us that traveling by train is ______ than by bus. aren’t Mike Tyson and Hollyfield good boxers? Linda : Yes. the strongest D. Amanda : Look.

SUBJECT OBJECT POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE. (Milik tanpa benda) REFLEXIVE (Penegas) I me My mine myself You you Your yours yourself / yourselves He him His his himself She her Her hers herself It it Its . SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 6) MATERI : PERSONAL PRONOUNS Personal Pronoun yaitu kata ganti yang menggantikan / menunjukkan benda atau orang. (Milik + benda) POSSESSIVE PRONOUN. Adj.INGGRIS Materi: Pronouns (Kata Ganti) www.wordpress.itself We us Our ours ourselves They them Their theirs themselves Contoh Penggunaan: (Subject) = I love her ( Saya mencintai dia ) (Object) = She loves me ( Dia mencintai saya ) (Pos.haarrr.) = It is my book ( Itu buku-ku / itu buku milik saya ) diikuti benda (book) .com education for all. education for a better life MATERI.UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.

(Pos.) = It is mine ( Itu kepunyaanku/ Itu milik saya) tidak diikuti benda (Reflexive) = I myself do not know ( Saya sendiri tidak mengetahui ) · CONTOH SOAL: 1. us PEMBAHASAN: Anita and I sama dengan We (sebagai Subject). we D. them C. maka ‘we’ menjadi ‘us’. her B.Pro. dan ini membuat ‘kami’ terlambat untuk hadir di pesta perkawinan teman kami. Karena yang ditanyakan sebagai Object. and this made _____ late for our friend’s wedding. JAWAB: D · BEBERAPA PERSONAL PRONOUN YANG LAIN: PRONOUN SINGULAR (S) / PLURAL (P) COUNTABL E NOUN (CN) UNCOUNTABLE NOUN (UNC) ARTI one S √ − seseorang / sesuatu Each S √ − masing-masing Every S √ − setiap . A. Terjemahannya: Anita dan saya ketinggalan penerbangan pagi. Anita and I missed the morning flight.

haarrr. There is somebody in the room.com education for all. (singular) 2.INGGRIS Materi: Pronouns (Kata Ganti) www. bermakna negative) 3. I don’t have many cars. Both of the students are required to come on time. negative & Tanya) : 1. (uncountable noun) (Positif.Both P √ − keduanya Some P √ − beberapa a lot of P √ √ banyak Many P √ − banyak Much P − √ banyak a little P − √ sedikit a few P √ − sedikit Most P √ − sebagian besar All P √ − semua none / no body S √ − tak ada seorangpun someone / somebody S √ − seseorang anyone / anybody S √ − seseorang (kal negatif & tanya) everyone / everybody S √ − setiap orang Contoh Penggunaan:UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. There is not anybody in the room. Is there anybody in the room? (tanya) · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘PRONOUNS’ ) 1. Each of the students is required to come on time. (countable noun) 2. Brother : Is this your box? .) : 1. (plural) (Count / Uncount. education for a better life (Singular / Plural) : 1. I don’t have much money. (negative) 3. (positive) 2. (positif.wordpress. There is nobody in the room.

(UN 2004/P2) A. Maka kata yang tepat adalah ‘both’ (keduanya). JAWAB: B 2. Anyone B.’ Personal Pronoun yang mempunyai arti seseorang ialah pilihan A dan B. (UN 2005/P1) A. I am Mr. JAWAB: B 3. who has put in here? Sister : ______ has. but I don’t know who. Brother : So. (UN 2000/P2) A. none D. Someone C. No one PEMBAHASAN: Maksud dari ucapan ‘sister’ adalah ’Seseorang telah menaruh kotak tersebut. Dengan demikian jawaban yang tepat adalah ’someone’. Smith. your B. Student : Would you tell ______ name. yours . Sir? Teacher : With pleasure. Berarti dua orang. both C. Peter : Have you met Jeremy Thomas and Anjasmara? Russell : Not yet. Pilihan A (Anyone) digunakan untuk kalimat negatif dan Tanya. each B. all PEMBAHASAN: Yang akan diganti dengan Personal Pronoun adalah Jeremy Thomas dan Anjasmara. Pilihan B (Someone) untuk kalimat positif. Everyone D. tetapi saya tidak tahu siapa.Sister : No. But everyone knows that ______ of them are famous entertainers.

C.haarrr. adalah ’Possessive Adjective’(kepunyaan). Karena nama yang dimaksud adalah kepunyaan pembicara/orang kedua. education for a better life MATERI.wordpress. Contoh: 1. my D. Pilihan yang menunjukkan ’kepunyaan / milik’ adalah A dan C. maka pilihan yang tepat adalah A (your). Benda). Verb + Subj. I like listening to music Diringkas menjadi: She likes listening to music and so do I (Dia suka mendengarkan musik dan saya juga) Kalimat induk Elliptical · BENTUK-BENTUK ”ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES” 1. 2 .INGGRIS Materi: Elliptical Sentences www. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 7) MATERI: ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES Elliptical Sentences yaitu Kalimat yang diringkas dan pengertiannya sama dengan kalimat utama atau kalimat induk. ’your name’ (nama Anda / nama-mu) JAWAB: A UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.com education for all. She likes listening to music 2. Personal Pronoun yang diikuti dengan kata benda. mine PEMBAHASAN: Perhatikan kata ‘name’ (kt. Jika Kalimat Induk Positif (+): · So: So + Aux.

· Too: Subj. Verb-nya have / has (Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya) 5. may. Verb-nya: to be (is. Jika Kalimat Induk Negatif (-): · Neither: neither + Aux. My father watched TV last night and my mother did. are) Aux. Verb-nya did had + V3 Aux. He does not have a new car and neither do I. to be (is. were) (Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya) 2. have/ has + noun Aux. am. Jika menggunakan: 1. too. 2 · Either: Subj. Verb + too 2. can. Verb + not + either · MENENTUKAN AUXILIARY VERB (KATA KERJA BANTU) Perhatikan predikat pada kalimat induk. are) to be (was. Verb 2 Aux. Verb + Subj. must. Verb-nya modals (will. am. were) Aux. Verb-nya did had to + V1 Aux. must) CONTOH KALIMAT: She is a good student and so am I. Verb-nya had 6. 2 + Aux. Verb 1 (s/es) Aux. Verb-nya: to be (was. . My friends have done the homework and so has Linda. Verb-nya do / does have /has to + V1 Aux. Verb-nya do / does 3. may) Aux. can. Modals (will. had + noun Aux. Verb-nya do / does have /has + V3 Aux. 2 + Aux. Verb-nya did 4.

So am I B. maka kata kerja bantunya do / does. (UN 2004/P2) A. Rhinoceros is protected.INGGRIS Materi: Elliptical Sentences www. Untuk Subject I adalah do. Kalimat tersebut menggunakan Verb 1 sebagai predikat.UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.. Sisca : I like to watch the Indonesian idol programme. Rhinoceros is protected. We can also say ______. either.haarrr. JAWAB: B 2.haarrr. Ranti : ______.. I think it is the most interesting among the programmes.. JAWAB: B UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. I don’t either D. Karena positif. and neither is Jalak Bali B. Rhinoceros is protected. Rhinoceros is protected. maka pakai so atau too.They will not go tomorrow and I won’t. I do too C.wordpress.com education for all. Maka menggunakan so / too.V sama dengan Kalimat induk “is”).).wordpress.INGGRIS Materi: Elliptical Sentences www. and so was Jalak Bali D. Rhinoceros is protected. Neither do I PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Induk adalah ucapan Sisca (I like to watch. Pilihan yang tepat adalah B (Aux. and Jalak Bali isn’t either PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Induk (Rhinoceros is protected) adalah positif. Jalak Bali is protected. education for a better life · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES’ ) 1. Sisal : I agree with you. education for a better life .com education for all.. (UN 2006/P1) A. and Jalak Bali is too C.

Verb + Subj. are) Aux. 2 · Either: Subj. 2 + Aux. Jika Kalimat Induk Negatif (-): · Neither: neither + Aux. Verb-nya did . Verb 1 (s/es) Aux. Verb 2 Aux. am. Verb-nya do / does 3. were) (Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya) 2. Verb + not + either · MENENTUKAN AUXILIARY VERB (KATA KERJA BANTU) Perhatikan predikat pada kalimat induk. Verb + Subj. Jika Kalimat Induk Positif (+): · So: So + Aux. 2 + Aux.MATERI. were) Aux. to be (is. are) to be (was. am. She likes listening to music 2. Verb + too 2. Verb-nya: to be (was. Contoh: 1. I like listening to music Diringkas menjadi: She likes listening to music and so do I (Dia suka mendengarkan musik dan saya juga) Kalimat induk Elliptical · BENTUK-BENTUK ”ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES” 1. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 7) MATERI: ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES Elliptical Sentences yaitu Kalimat yang diringkas dan pengertiannya sama dengan kalimat utama atau kalimat induk. Jika menggunakan: 1. Verb-nya: to be (is. 2 · Too: Subj.

. have/ has + noun Aux. Verb-nya have / has (Sesuaikan dengan Subject-nya) 5. Sisca : I like to watch the Indonesian idol programme. Verb-nya did had to + V1 Aux. may.. Verb-nya do / does have /has + V3 Aux. Verb-nya do / does have /has to + V1 Aux. I do too C. My father watched TV last night and my mother did.4. Neither do I PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Induk adalah ucapan Sisca (I like to watch. I don’t either D.UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.. too. (UN 2006/P1) A. My friends have done the homework and so has Linda.haarrr. Karena positif.INGGRIS Materi: Elliptical Sentences www. Verb-nya did had + V3 Aux. Sisal : I agree with you. Modals (will. had + noun Aux. Verb-nya had 6.. Ranti : ______. Verb-nya modals (will. must) CONTOH KALIMAT: She is a good student and so am I. So am I B. may) Aux.com education for all. They will not go tomorrow and I won’t.). either.wordpress. He does not have a new car and neither do I. can. must. can. I think it is the most interesting among the programmes. education for a better life · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘ELLIPTICAL SENTENCES’ ) 1. maka pakai so atau .

too. maka kata kerja bantunya do / does.com education for all. Jalak Bali is protected.V sama dengan Kalimat induk “is”). Rhinoceros is protected. JAWAB: B 2. Maka menggunakan so / too. Type 1 : Future-Probable Condition (Kondisi yang mungkin terjadi di masa mendatang) Pola : If + Subj + V1 (s/es). Rhinoceros is protected. . I will buy a new car. Pilihan yang tepat adalah B (Aux. education for a better life MATERI. Rhinoceros is protected. and so was Jalak Bali D. saya akan membeli sebuah mobil baru). Untuk tingkat SMP. Untuk Subject I adalah do.INGGRIS Materi: Conditional Sentences www. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 10) MATERI: CONDITIONAL SENTENCES Conditional Sentences yaitu kalimat pengandaian yang terdiri dari 3 tipe.haarrr. and Jalak Bali isn’t either PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Induk (Rhinoceros is protected) adalah positif. Rhinoceros is protected. We can also say ______. JAWAB: B UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.wordpress. klausa akibat: present future) Contoh : If I have much money. Rhinoceros is protected. (UN 2004/P2) A. and Jalak Bali is too C. Kalimat tersebut menggunakan Verb 1 sebagai predikat. Subj + will + V1 (Klausa-if: simple present. Klausa – if Klausa akibat (Seandainya/jika saya punya banyak uang. yang harus dikuasai yaitu tipe 1. and neither is Jalak Bali B.

Perhatikan penambahan s/es untuk Verb 1 jika Subject he. Perhatikan penambahan be jika bukan kata kerja setelah ‘will’ (pada klausa akibat) · CONTOH SOAL UJIAN NASIONAL ( ‘CONDITIONAL SENTENCES’) 1. Susi : Please. I will be very happy. · He will not study abroad if he does not have money. · If it rains. (UN 2006/P1) A. Klausa –if menggunakan tenses ”present”: Verb 1 (win). you are not there . JAWAB: C 2. · He will study abroad if he has money. but I am not sure. I ______ the salaries of the workers and hire more women in the government offices. it (pada klausa – if ). will increase D.· If she comes on time. Susi : Will you come to my party next week? Dony : Maybe. Dony. If I win the election. she. I will come. I will not come. increased C. maka pada Klausa Akibat menggunakan tenses ”present future”: will + V1 (will increse). I have time C. (UN 2006/P4-Susulan) A. have increased PEMBAHASAN: Kalimat Pengandaian. 2. · My father will give me a present if I win the competition. · If it doesn’t rain. Dony : Ok. increase B. I will come if ______. I am busy B. CATATAN: 1.

education for a better life MATERI. Report / Descriptive: Teks yang menjelaskan atau mendiskripsikan tentang sesuatu. 1. meliputi: 1. Biasanya menggunakan tenses ‘present’. Teks ini biasanya menggunakan tenses ‘past’. Report/Descriptive dan Procedure. 3.haarrr. Recount / Narrative: Teks yang isinya menceritakan kembali (retell) kejadian di masa lampau.com education for all.D. Pilihan yang kemungkinan besar membuat Doni bisa datang adalah ”jika saya punya waktu”(if I have time). 2. dari segi makna. Menemukan gambaran umum (general idea) . · RUANG LINGKUP MATERI Siswa mampu memahami teks fungsional pendek yang berbentuk Recount/Narrative. Dari segi struktur Kalimat. Procedure: Teks yang isinya berupa prosedur atau proses dan urutan terjadinya sesuatu. Report/Descriptive dan Procedure. Analisa berikutnya. JAWAB: B UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. semua pilihan sudah menggunakan tenses ”simple present”. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP (Bagian 11) MATERI: READING · STANDAR KOMPETENSI Siswa mampu memahami makna teks tulis interpersonal maupun transaksional dalam bentuk Teks Recount/Narrative.wordpress. it rains PEMBAHASAN: Menanyakan Klausa-if.INGGRIS Materi: Reading www. biasanya menggunakan tenses ‘present’.

Informasi tersurat: Informasi yang tertera jelas atau langsung dalam teks bacaan . we may conclude that ______. The text tells us about ______. iklan. Untuk menemukan informasi ini. Pikiran utama juga bisa berupa kesimpulan dari kalimat-kalimat dalam paragraf / teks. 2. What is the main idea of the text? 2.2. Menemukan informasi tersurat (reference) dan tersirat (inference) 5. Menemukan informasi rinci. Contoh: 1. 3. surat dan grafik/tabel. Pikiran utama bisa didapat dari kalimat utama. Based on the text. Contoh: 1. · CONTOH PERTANYAAN BERDASARKAN RUANG LINGKUP MATERI 1. label. Catatan: Teks Fungsional adalah teks bentuk khusus dengan fungsi tertentu. Pertanyaan berkaitan dengan penjelasan atau pendapat penulis tentang topic bacaan. What does paragraph 2 talk about? 2. Which statement is NOT TRUE according to the text? 2. How many children does she have? 4. Informasi yang tidak tertera secara jelas pada teks bacaan. ditengah atau di akhir paragraph / teks. Menfsirkan kata. Menemukan pikiran utama (main idea) 3. Menemukan informasi rinci tertentu (specific information) 4. Menemukan informasi tersurat dan tersirat. Misalnya: pengumuman. Menemukan Pikiran utama. Menemukan gambaran umum. Kalimat utama ada di awal. Pertanyaan biasanya berupa judul dan topic bacaan. frase atau kalimat dalam teks. harus membaca teks secara rinci atau intensif (intensive reading). Contoh: 1.

Where does the conversation take place? 5. What is the synonym of the underlined word? 2. The graphic shows that ______.wordpress. Contoh: 1. Bicycles are not expensive C. tetapi bisa didapat dari menyimpulkan bagianbagian tertentu dalam teks bacaan (reading between the lines). 2.INGGRIS Materi: Reading www.haarrr. Bicycles do not cause any pollution PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menemukan Pikiran Utama (main Idea). .com education for all. frase atau kalimat dalam teks. JAWAB: A 2. Pikiran Utama tersebut terdapat di kalimat utama yang berada di awal paragraph. Yang menjadi pikiran utama adalah pilihan A (bicycles are very popular today). “Bicycles are very popular today” (line 1). Pilihan yang lain. education for a better life · Lawan kata ( antonym/opposite) · Definisi / pengertian (definition) · Rujukan / Acuan (reference) Contoh: 1. What does ‘it’ (in paragraph 1) refer to? TEXT 1. Pertanyaan biasanya berupa: · Persamaan arti ( synonym)UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. Menafsirkan kata.Informasi tersirat: Informasi yang tidak tertera jelas. 1. merupakan kalimat-kalimat penjelas atau pendukung kalimat utama. Bicycles are very popular today B. What is the main idea of the paragraph? A. Many people like bicycles D.

Andi and Siska. interesting B. Now. He was a widower and he had got two children. What is the relationship between the writer. we are waiting for the birth of my mother’s baby.The closest meaning of the underlined word is ______. baca secara rinci (baris 4 & 5). Andi and Siska are the writer’s brother and sister D. JAWAB: C TEXT 2. JAWAB: B 4. famous D. Informasi tersebut tidak tertera jelas dalam teks. We live happily in my step father’s house. Daud. He left my mother and me. Andi and Siska become my step brother and step sister. 3. Last year my mother married Mr. Andi and Siska are the writer’s cousins PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan Informasi Rinci. Both of them are older than me. wonderful PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menafsirkan makna kata. The writer . A. The writer is Andi and Siska’s step brother C. “He was a widower…” (line 3) What does “he” in the sentence refer to? A. Mr. their only boy. comfortable C. Untuk menemukannya. Daud now becomes my step father. Andi and Siska? A. My father died of cancer five years ago when I was three years old. Arti yang paling dekat (synonym) dengan “popular” adalah “famous” (terkenal). The writer is Andi and Siska’s children B.

They also do not have to find a place to park. JAWAB: D TEXT 3. I was pleased to get your latest letter. . but not much about Indonesia. Bicycles are not expensive to buy. Daud. Daud PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menentukan Rujukan Kata. Many people use bicycles for exercise.LATIHAN DAN PEMBAHASAN Bicycles are very popular today.UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.haarrr. The writer’s father D. We have heard a lot about Malaysia. My parents and I are planning to spend this summer holiday in Malaysia and Indonesia. they never have to wait in traffic. bicycles do not cause any pollution. Thanks a lot. 2004 Dear Dony. education for a better life B. Kata “he” merujuk atau menggantikan Mr. Mr. The only boy C. They do not need gas to make them go. Finally. Hope to get another one soon. I enjoyed reading it. In cities. But exercise is only one of the reasons why bicycles are popular.com education for all. Another reason is money.wordpress. So could you tell us more about Indonesia? We particularly want information about the main tourist destinations with their places of interest. They are also easy and cheap to fix.INGGRIS Materi: Reading www. By bicycles. many people like bicycles better than cars. 17 Derriford Road Beverly Hills May 21.

Best wishes. Glad B. A planning to spend the summer holiday in Malaysia B. Dony wanted some information about Malaysia and Indonesia C. What is the synonym of the underlined word? A. education for a better life MATERI. JAWAB: C 6. I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon. My best regards to your parents. SOAL & PEMBAHASAN UN SMP . maka bisa diambil kesimpulan bahwa surat tersebut topiknya adalah Bruce meminta informasi tentang tempat-tempat wisata atau persinggahan turis (tourist destinations) di Indonesia. “I was pleased to get your latest letter (paragraph 1). berupa ’synonym’ (persamaan arti). Bruce informed some places of interest for tourist destinations in Indonesia PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menemukan Topik (intisari) bacaan. Bye.That’s all for now. What does the letter mostly talk about? A. A request for some information about tourist destinations in Indonesia D.com education for all.wordpress. Bruce 5. Unhappy PEMBAHASAN: Pertanyaan menafsirkan makna kata.haarrr. JAWAB: A UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS. Sad C. Berdasarkan pada paragraf 2. ‘Synonym’ dari “pleased” adalah “glad” (gembira). Disappointed D.INGGRIS Materi: Exclamation www.

. Kata what dan how tersebut.(Bagian 12) MATERI: EXCLAMATION Exclamation merupakan salah satu bentuk expressions (ungkapan) yang mengindikasikan rasa kekaguman. Pada materi ini. alangkah. ketakjuban. dia!) 2. Exclamation using ”what” Pattern: what + article + adjective + noun Examples: What a beautiful girl! (Betapa seorang gadis yang cantik!) atau: (Betul-betul seorang gadis yang cantik!) What an interesting story! (Betapa sebuah cerita yang menarik!) What a wonderful world! (Betapa sebuah dunia yang menakjubkan!) Catatan: untuk menegaskan atau menunjuk pada benda atau orang yang dimaksud. dibahas secara singkat ungkapan exclamation dengan menggunakan kata ”what” dan ”how”. Exclamation using ”how” Pattern: how + adjective + noun/subj-pronoun + predicate/to-be Examples: How beautiful you are! (Alangkah cantiknya kamu!) atau: . keheranan dan keterkejutan.. Misal: What a beautiful girl she is! (Betul-betul seorang gadis yang cantik. betul-betul. pola dasar di atas biasanya diikuti dengan pronoun benda/orang-nya.. 1.. biasa diterjemahkan: betapa.

.com education for all. misalnya: How beautiful..wordpress.haarrr.INGGRIS Materi: Exclamation www.!) ***UJIAN NASIONAL – SMP _BHS.(Betapa cantiknya kamu!) How big the house is! (Alangkah besarnya rumah itu!) How smart they are! (Betapa cerdasnya mereka!) Catatan: terkadang pula bentuk exclamation ’how’ diperpendek menjadi..! (alangkah cantiknya.. education for a better life .

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