SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN PENANTI 14400 KUBANG SEMANG, SEBERANG PERAI TENGAH NAMA:__________________________________________________ TINGKATAN : _____________________________________________

KERJA RUMAH TERANCANG 2011 TINGKATAN DUA SAINS (27/8/2011-4/9/2011) Disediakan oleh: ……………………….. Pn. Durisyah Md Daud Guru Sains Ting 2 Disemak oleh: …………………….. Pn. Azlina Abdul Karim Ketua Panitia Sains Disahkan oleh: …………………………. Pn. Raha Abdul Aziz Guru Kanan Sains dan Matematik Pengetua, SMK Penanti 14400 Kubang Semang Seberang Perai (T) Tarikh:……………………

Adalah saya ________________________________Ibu/Bapa/penjaga kepada________________________________Tingkatan 2 ___________________dengan ini mengesahkan anak jagaan saya telah menyiapkan tugasan, kerja rumah terancang bagi mata pelajaran sains tingkatan 2

Adalah saya yang benar, ………………………………………………… ( )

1. Complete the table below to list the types of interactions between living organisms using the words given.
Lengkapkan jadual di bawah jenis-jenis interaksi antara organisma menggunakan perkataan yang diberikan

Mutualism
Mutualisma

Prey-predator
mangsa-pemangsa

Parasitism
parasitisma

Interaction/interaksi

Example/contoh Frog and insect(katak dan serangga) Tapeworms and humans(cacing pita dan usus manusia

Commensalisms

Remora fish and sharks(ikan remora dan ikan jerung) Lichen and algae(lichen dan alga)

Competition

Fishes in a pond (ikan dalam kolam)

2. Underline the correct answer in the statements below to explain the interaction between a cat and a mouse.
Gariskan jawapan yang betul bagi penerangan pernyataan di bawah

a. A cat is a hunter that hunts its food at night and is called the (prey / predator).
Kucing ialah pemburu yang mencari makanan pada waktu malam dikenali (mangsa/pemangsa)

b. A mouse searches food at night and becomes a (prey / predator) because it is often being hunted by cats.
Tikus mencari makanan pada waktu malam dan menjadi(mangsa/pemangsa) kerana sering menjadi buruan kucing.

3.

Write True (T) or False (F) for the following statements to justify the importance of interaction between buffaloes and the environment.

Tuliskan (T) untuk betul atau (F) untuk salah bagi pernyataan berikut untuk menentukan kepentingan interaksi antara kerbau dan persekitaran

a. If the population of buffaloes increases rapidly, the population of grass will also increase. ( Jika populasi kerbau bertambah dengan cepat, populasi rumput juga akan bertambah.)

b. If the population of birds increases rapidly, the population of insects will decrease.
(Jika populasi burung bertambah dengan cepat, populasi serangga akan berkurangan)

c. If all the grass in the area dies, the population of buffaloes, birds and insects will also decrease. (Jika semua kawasan rumput mati, populasi kerbau, burung dan serangga akan berkurangan)

4. The table below shows the population of different living organisms living in the same habitat.
Jadual di bawah menunjukkan populasi organism yang tinggal dalam habitat yang sama

Living organisms Grass (rumput)

Population 20000 1200

Caterpillars(ulat
beluncas)

Snakes(ular) Frogs(katak)

20 400

Labelkan piramid nombor di bawah dengan menggunakan maklumat dalam jadual di atas

a. b. d. c.

5.

The diagram below shows the energy flow of a food chain in a food web.

Grass

Caterpillars

Frogs

Snakes

Underline the correct answer in the statement below to relate the food web and the pyramid number to energy flow.

As the number of the organisms in the pyramid number decreases, the amount of energy transferred along the food chain (increases / decreases).

6.

Based on the pyramid number above, underline the correct answer in the statement below to show the consequences to the population of snakes and caterpillars if the population of frogs decreases.

The populations of snakes will (increase / decrease) while the population of caterpillars will (increase / decrease).

7.

Complete the statement below to show the meaning of the freezing point of water.

The freezing point of water is the temperature when water changes into solid at ____________oC.

8.

Underline the correct answer below to show the meaning of the boiling point of water.

The boiling point of water is the temperature when water changes into (liquid / gas) at 100oC 9. The diagram below shows that water exists in three states. Label in the boxes below the three states of water.

a.

b.

c.

10.

Underline the correct answer to explain the effects of impurities on the physical characteristics of water

Diagram (a)

Diagram (b)

a. In Diagram (a), when impurities like salt is added to the ice, the temperature of the ice (increases, decreases). b. In Diagram (b), when impurities like salt is added to the water, the temperature of the boiling water (increases, decreases).

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