FOUNDING BROTHERS

Theme 1- Diverse personalities and ideologies between delegates Theme 2- They all knew each other personally and corresponded with one another Theme 3- Slavery Theme 4- They wanted to be remembered well in the future like heroes

The Duel
Theme 1- Hamilton showed a lot of energy which expressed itself in his moments of his brilliance, while Burr was a little more under control. Both men were ambitious and were willing to take risks. Theme 2- Hamilton and Burr fought for the same cause in the war, however their political views differed greatly. Hamilton was convinced that Burr is politically unstable and Burr takes that as a bad insult. "Hamilton's anti-Burr comments derived not so much from intense personal dislike per se as form his intense feat that the precarious condition of the infant nation rendered it so vulnerable to Burrs considerable talents." After Burr had hit Hamilton, the surprise and regret gave Burr the urge to talk to him. Theme 4- Hamilton and Burr knew that the hatred between them was bigger than just themselves. It concerned the USA and what will happen to it. Both Hamilton and Burr thought of themselves as great men who had come up during a great time in history, the American revolutionary era. Hamilton and Burr were fading from the political picture so they wanted to leave as honorable men and both showed up.

The Dinner
Theme 1- Madison was known for being unassuming, gentle and at many times logically devastating. Hamilton, however, was always fiercely pushing stuff he believed. Hamilton had more of an economic mindset set while Madison had a political mindset. Hamilton prized the elite people while Jefferson was concerned about the common people. Theme 2- Madison and Burr went to Princeton together. Madison would correspond with Jefferson even when Jefferson, secretary of state, was in France. "The fiscal goals Hamilton proposed were synonymous with the national vision Madison had advocated at the Constitutional Convention and in The Federalist Papers. What troubled Madison was not Hamilton's goal, the recovery of public credit, but rather the way he proposed to reach it.” When Madison came out against Hamilton's funding idea and proposed a different idea to the House, Hamilton was very surprised. Theme 4- The location of the capital was to reside in a non-economic power so that no one would take control of the American capital. The permanent residence of the capital on the Potomac institutionalized political values designed to carry the nation on a new path.

The Silence
Theme 1- Quakers calling for the federal government to put an immediate end to the African slave trade made James Jackson from Georgia angry because such a petition could be brought up in the national government. Jackson actually believed that the Quakers petition was a more radical scheme to end slavery all together. James Madison believed that Jackson was overreacting. A compromise between the slaves and their slave owners is what Elbridge Gerry believed should be done. His plan was to pay the slave owners in exchange for ending slavery. Washington vowed that he would never purchase a slave again, and John Adams was an enemy of slavery. Theme 2- Benjamin Franklin held huge influence and everyone knew him. His fame was known throughout the colonies. He was a great American scientist, a deft diplomat, a writer, and a sharp witted man. Madison and Jefferson also kept up on the issues of slavery. Theme 3- Two Quaker delegations from New York and Philadelphia presented petitions to put an end to the slave trade on February 11, 1790. It was pointed out by William Loughton Smith that Congress couldn’t pass a law that abolished slavery until 1808. Another petition came in the next day and asked Congress to put an end to all aspects of slavery. This petition could not just pass through Congress. The issue was now becoming a serious problem. The Southerners were appalled that this was even being considered, but the northerners argued that the Declaration of Independence was against slavery and this issue should be taken very seriously. Madison believed that this topic was too large and should be removed from the political agenda because he feared it would have the ability to tear the nation apart. Theme 4- The petitions from the Quakers really worried southerners as it could abolish slavery altogether and would destroy the southern economy. They wanted to be known as those who stopped the movement to abolish slavery.

The Farewell
Theme 1- George Washington described by many as being ugly, having false teeth and red hair. However the unity of his appearance conveyed majesty. Jefferson was an idealist while Washington was a realist. From Washington's perspective the republic was established by the constitution and of laws that must be obeyed. Jefferson on the other hand though that all the laws and treaties were illegitimate. "Jefferson could talk with genuine conviction about American neutrality and the need to remain free of European entanglements, thereby sounding much like Washington, his version of American neutrality was decidedly different. While Washington regarded the national interest as a discrete product of political and economic circumstances shaping the policies of each nation-state at a specific moment in history, Jefferson envisioned a much larger global pattern of ideological conflict in which all nations were aligned for or against the principles that America had announced to the world in 1776." Theme 2- George Washington was seen as a hero, and although he had his critics, his fame was far reaching and his achievements were grand. Many delegates such as Franklin, Madison and Hamilton saw Washington as a very important aspect of the new nation. Although Washington's political friendship with Jefferson diminished after Washington was criticized by him, personal letters were still sent between Mount Vernon and Monticello, the residences of the two. Washington asked Madison’s and Hamilton’s help for the Farewell Address, so the speech was very influential as it contained three different significant political figures' words and ideas. Theme 4- The Farewell Address marked the end of the legendary George Washington. After he chose to leave office after only two terms, all accusations of him wanting to become a monarch were gone. The Farewell Address was designed to give advice to future generations and leaders on how to deal with foreign policy and sustain unity in a republic. Hamilton also knew he was writing for future generation after he was asked to revise the Address. Washington urged Indian villages to adopt American culture instead of resisting, because he did not want division in the nation.

The Collaborators
Theme 1- While Washington was in office, there were only a few names that were capable of running for president: Adams and Jefferson. They were both very different men. Adams was short while Jefferson was tall. Adams was combative and liked argument. Jefferson on the other hand was self sustained and didn't like argument. These differences were the foundations for their political campaigns of the 1790’s. Adams and Jefferson found themselves on opposite ends of the disputes over domestic and foreign policy. Theme 2- Adams and Jefferson had been brought together during the Revolution and have been together since. Jefferson is considered an unofficial member of the Adams family as he has been with them in Paris and London, where they were both humiliated when George III turned his back on them. The bond between Jefferson and Adams was at a personal and emotional level and they knew and trusted each other greatly. "To choose between Jefferson and Adams would be like choosing between the heart and head of the Revolution." Theme 4- The presidency gave Adams and Jefferson the chance to do something for America to be remembered, and some of the things include the Sedition and Alien Acts.

The Friendship
Theme 1- “Bastard brat of a Scotch peddler...As ambitious as Bonaparte, though less courageous, and save for me, would have involved us in a foreign war with France and a civil war with ourselves.” Those were Adams' words about Hamilton, for Hamilton was his number one enemy. Jefferson was second, although his hate for Jefferson was far less, as he believed that Jefferson had betrayed him and their friendship during the presidency. Theme 2- Abigail Adams wrote a letter to Jefferson expressing her grief when Jefferson’s daughter died and Jefferson took this as a chance to reconcile their friendship. Abigail misinterpreted the letter from Jefferson and wrote an angry letter back to him. A hurt Jefferson tried to explain himself but Abigail refused to believe him. Theme 3- Adams believed that slavery was evil and knew that the issue must be resolved or else the nation will fall Theme 4- Adams knew that his legacy would inspire future generations. Jefferson’s actions helped him flourish as a historical figure. Adams did not want to be remembered as less than Jefferson, and his last words before he died were "Thomas Jefferson still live."

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