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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This document is intended for the use of Nokia's customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is submitted, and no part of it may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nokia. The document has been prepared to be used by professional and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it. Nokia welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and improvement of the documentation. The information or statements given in this document concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the mentioned hardware or software products cannot be considered binding but shall be defined in the agreement made between Nokia and the customer. However, Nokia has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia will, if necessary, explain issues which may not be covered by the document. Nokia's liability for any errors in the document is limited to the documentary correction of errors. NOKIA WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENT OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL (INCLUDING MONETARY LOSSES), that might arise from the use of this document or the information in it. This document and the product it describes are considered protected by copyright according to the applicable laws. NOKIA logo is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation. Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective companies, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only. Copyright Nokia Corporation 2003. All rights reserved.

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Contents

Contents
Contents 3 1 1.1 1.2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) unit operation and main blocks 5 Operation 6 Main blocks 7 AXU unit power requirements 11 AXU unit dimensions and weight 13 AXU unit interfaces 15 AXC LED indications 17 AXU traffic capacity 19 AXC units mean time between failures 21 AXC delays 23

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

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ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) unit operation and main blocks

ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) unit operation and main blocks


The ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) is the master unit of the AXC node and it controls the node within the Nokia WCDMA BTS. It cross-connects ATM traffic within the BTS, and connects the BTS to other BTSs or to the Nokia Radio Network Controller (RNC). The AXU unit is always installed in the first slot of the AXC. There are two AXU units available: AXUA and AXUB. AXUB provides the centralised BTS AAL2 multiplexing feature. It is enabled by the ATM Adaptation Module (AAM) of the AXUB unit.

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

Power module Microcontroller module

Lever LED LMP Q1 ERC1 ERC2

AAM-Module (AXUB) Lever

Figure 1.

AXU unit

1.1

Operation
The following features are available with the AXU units:
.

semi-permanent ATM cross-connections on Virtual Path (VP) and Virtual Channel (VC) level providing connections between Wideband Application Manager (WAM) units and thus interconnecting different sectors inside the BTS, and providing a connection from the BTS to the RNC through the Iub interface and further connections between other base stations and the RNC. reference clock recovered either from a physical interface, or received from an external timing source, or from an internal reference source and provided for all the transmission interface units, and for BTS synchronisation and BTS clock unit (WSC).

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ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) unit operation and main blocks

management functionality of the AXC node for passing network management system information to the base station and vice versa. The Local Management Port (LMP) is available on the AXU front panel for local management of AXC and BTS or remote management of other network elements. up to 1.2 Gbit/s ATM switching capacity 1000 simultaneous connections supported BTS AAL2 multiplexing of the AXUB unit for multiplexing AAL2 connections between WAMs and RNC into one or several VCCs

1.2

Main blocks
The AXU unit includes the following functional blocks:
.

Control Unit Clock Distribution Circuit ATM Switch Fabric AAM (in AXUB) Backplane Bus Adaptation DC/DC Converter

The Functional blocks of the AXU unit figure shows the block diagram of the AXU unit.

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

LED

Q1

Q1 support function

ATM Switch Fabric

AAM (AXUB)

Backplane Bus Adapt.

LMP

Control Unit

To/from IFUX

To/from WAM

ERC1/2

Clock Distr. Circuit

DC/DC Converter

DC input Inter-unit communication and Q1 bus Clock distribution

Figure 2.

Functional blocks of the AXU unit

Control Unit

The Control Unit consists of the Microcontroller and other necessary circuitry. It is compiled on a module that is the same in each AXC unit. The module type is so generic that it meets all the requirements of each AXC unit. The Microcontroller runs all unit control software on the AXC. The Control Unit also features an IP router. Thus it provides a routing path for remote BTS management and enables the local management of the BTS via the LMP of the AXC. Management of other BTSs via the IP router is also possible. In addition the Control Unit features a Q1 management support function which can be used to manage Q1 network elements remotely. The Q1 network elements can be connected to the Q1 management support function by means of a cable connected to the Q1 interface at the front panel of the AXU or by means of operation channels (EOC) embedded in some transmission signals. The Q1 management support function can be connected via the backplane to AXC embedded Q1 network elements (IFUE).
Clock Distribution Circuit

The Clock Distribution Circuit provides a reference clock for all IFUs and the WSC.

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ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) unit operation and main blocks

The reference clock can either be recovered from a physical interface or received from an external timing source, or from an internal reference source. The internal clock is used if no external reference is available. In this case the AXC does not provide a reference clock for the BTS, but the BTS's WSC provides the clock for the BTS. The AXU features two dedicated interfaces for external timing source input.
ATM Switch Fabric

The ATM Switch Fabric performs all ATM layer functionalities of the AXC:
.

Virtual Path and Virtual Channel cross-connection functionality for ATM cells between a certain number of IFUs and WAMs header translation functionality for ATM connections traffic management functions like policing or traffic shaping O&M functionality (operations, administration and maintenance)

The total switching capacity of the block is 1.2 Gbit/s.


AAM (in AXUB)

The AXUB unit with the working AAL type 2 module (AAM) multiplexes or demultiplexes AAL type 2 connections between the WAMs and RNC into one or several VCCs.
Backplane Bus Adaptation

The Backplane Bus Adaptation provides serial payload backplane connections between the IFUs and the AXU by means of a bus, as well as the AXU and the WAMs.
DC/DC Converter

The DC/DC Converter transforms the input voltage of 48 V fed through the backplane to the voltages required at unit level.

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

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AXU unit power requirements

AXU unit power requirements


The tables below lists the DC power supply value and typical and maximum power consumption for AXUA and AXUB units.

Table 1. Property

AXUA power supply and consumption Property Value


-37.5 to -60 V DC 35 W 40 W

DC power supply Power consumption (typical) Power consumption (max.)

Table 2. Property

AXUB power supply and consumption Property Value


-37.5 to -60 V DC 38 W 43 W

DC power supply Power consumption (typical) Power consumption (max.)

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

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AXU unit dimensions and weight

AXU unit dimensions and weight


The tables below define the dimensions and weight of AXUA and AXUB units

Table 3. Property
Height Width Depth Weight

AXUA dimensions Value


264 mm 25 mm 285 mm (incl. front panel) 800 g

Table 4. Property
Height Width Depth Weight

AXUB dimensions Value


264 mm 25 mm 285 mm (incl. front panel) 900 g

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

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AXU unit interfaces

AXU unit interfaces


AXUA and AXUB interfaces

Interface
Local Management Port (LMP)

Connector
10baseT crossed Ethernet interface, RJ45 connector Ethernet standards IEEE 802.3 and ANSI 8802.3, RFC 1483 (routed)

Q1 management port External reference clock interface 1 (ERC 1)

V.11 interface, D-sub 9 connector TQ connector (symmetrical), 110 64 kHz + 8 kHz (AMI with 8 kHz bipolar violation) Coaxial BT-43 connector, 75 1.544 MHz, 2.048 MHz, 2 Mbit/s

External reference clock interface 2 (ERC 2)

4 2

3 1

1 2 3 4

Clock input Clock input + nc nc

Figure 3.

ERC1 symmetrical interface

Local management port pinout (RJ-45 connector)

Pin
1

Signal
TD+

Explanation
Transmitted data +

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

Pin
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Signal
TDRD+ nc nc nc nc RDnc

Explanation
Transmitted data Received data + Not used by 10baseT Not used by 10baseT Not used by 10baseT Not used by 10baseT Received data Not used by 10baseT

Nokia Q1 management interface pinout

Pin
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Signal
Q1_OUT_N nc GND GND Q1_IN_N Q1_OUT_P nc nc Q1_IN_P

Explanation
Transmitted data Not connected Ground Ground Received data Transmitted data + Not connected Not connected Received data +

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AXC LED indications

AXC LED indications


The LEDs of the Nokia AXC-ATM cross-connect unit (AXU) and Interface Units IFUA/IFUD, IFUB, IFUC and IFUE are presented in the following.
Front panel LEDs

Each of the Nokia AXC units has a 3-colour status LED located on the front panel. These indicators display the current state of the equipment. The LEDs indicate the following:

Table 5. Colour
Stable red

LED indications (O/A/F1) Explanation


Major or critical alarm or Unit disabled

Blinking red Stable yellow Stable green Blinking green

Minor alarm Unit starting up Normal operation, power on Software download from LMT or network during operation

IFUE LEDs

The Interface Unit IFUE has two 3-colour status LEDs on the front panel indicating the operational status of the unit: O/A/F1 and O/A/F2 (O/A/F signifies Operation/Alarm/Fail). The O/A/F1 LED indicates the operational status of the ATM part and the O/A/F2 LED indicates the operational status of the Flexbus part of the IFUE. In addition, each of the three Flexbus interfaces has a status LED of its own (DC on).

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

O/A/F1 (ATM part) O/A/F2 (Flexbus part) DC on (Flexbus 1) DC on (Flexbus 2) DC on (Flexbus 3)

The following table shows the indications of the O/A/F2 multi-colour LED for the Flexbus part.

Table 6. Colour
Green Yellow

IFUE O/A/F2 LED indications Status


The unit functions well, no alarms. Alarms with low priority occur, e.g. the node clock is not set Some errors occur, e.g. LOS of FB1 or 2M interface 3: Buffer overflow

Red

The following table shows shows the indications of the DC on Flexbus LEDs.

Table 7. Indication
Off Blinking

IFUE Status of DC on LED indications Status


Normal status, no remote power feeding. Try to find an Outdoor Unit (OU), remote power feeding is temporarily on. OU found and remote power feeding is on.

On

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AXU traffic capacity

AXU traffic capacity


Table 8. Property
Switching capacity Simultaneous connections Supported ATM service categories

Capacity of AXUA Value


1.2 Gbit/s 1000 (with any mix of VPs and VCs) Constant Bit Rate (CBR) Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR) ATM Forum af-0056.000

Supported cross-connections

semi-permanent Virtual Path Connections (VPC) semi-permanent Virtual Channel Connections (VCC)

Table 9. Property

Capacity of AXUB Value


1.2 Gbit/s 1000 (with any mix of VPs and VCs) Constant Bit Rate (CBR) Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR) ATM Forum af-0056.000

Switching capacity Simultaneous connections Supported ATM service categories

Supported cross-connections

semi-permanent Virtual Path Connections (VPC) semi-permanent Virtual Channel Connections (VCC)

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

Table 9. Property

Capacity of AXUB (cont.) Value


1736

Supported AAL2 connections

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AXC units mean time between failures

AXC units mean time between failures


Table 10. Unit
AXU IFUA (symmetrical E1/JT1/T1) IFUB (JT2) IFUC (SDH/Sonet) IFUD (E1 coaxial) IFUE (Flexbus)

Mean time between failures (years) MTBF


23 years 28 years 28 years 24 years 28 years 18 years

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

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AXC delays

AXC delays
Table 11. Estimated intrinsic delays Estimated intrinsic delay/interface
16 s 24 s 260 s 316 s 69 s 800 s 1000 s 30 s 350 s 0 s

Interface type
STM-1 STM-0 E1 JT1 JT2 IMA (n x E1) IMA (n x JT1) Flexbus CBR Cross-connection UBR Cross-connection

Table 12. Interface


STM-1 STM-0 E1 JT-1 IMA (2xE1)

Estimated generated Cell Delay Variation (CDV) CDV for CBR


12 s 12 s 660 s 828 s 120 s

CDV for UBR


12 s 12 s 220 s 276s 120 s

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ATM Cross-connect (AXU) Unit Description

Table 12. Interface


IMA (8xE1) IMA (2xJT1) IMA (4xJT1)

Estimated generated Cell Delay Variation (CDV) (cont.) CDV for CBR
40 s 160 s 85 s

CDV for UBR


40 s 160 s 85 s

The following example illustrates how the estimated delay can be calculated for the STM-1 - IMA (n x E1) connection shown in the figure below. If the connection is of type UBR the mean Cell Transfer Delay can be calculated with the following formula: intrinsic STM-1 + intrinsic E1 + intrinsic IMA (n x E1) or 16 + 260 + 800 = 1076 s. If the connection is of type UBR the mean Cell Transfer Delay can be calculated with the following formula: intrinsic STM-1 + intrinsic E1 + intrinsic IMA (n x E1) or 16 + 260 + 800 = 1076 s. The maximum Cell Transfer Delay can be calculated with the following formula: CTD Max = CTD Mean + CDV/2. Thus for this connection the maximum CTD is CTD Mean + CDV IMA (2xE1)/2, or for the UBR connection 1076 + 120/2 = 1136 s and for the CBR connection 1426 + 120/2 = 1486 s. The following table shows the Cell Transfer Delay (CTD) mean and maximum values for these UBR - UBR and CBR - CBR connections. The propagation delay of any layer on transport medium is not included.

Table 13.

CTD for example connection CTD mean


1076 1426

STM-1 - IMA (2XE1)


UBR - UBR CBR - CBR

CTD max
1136 1486

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