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**1 Find the derivative of
**

1 2

sin 2 2 1 4 x x x

−

+ −

, expressing your answer in the form

2

1 4 k x −

, where k is a constant to be determined. [3]

Hence find the exact value of

1/ 4

2

0

1 4 d x x −

∫

. [2]

2 Let S be the sum of the first 120 terms of an arithmetic progression with first term a and

common difference d. Given that the 9

th

term is 14 − and the sum of the first 40 even-

numbered terms is 780

6

S

− , find the value of d. [5]

3 Expand

2

2

2

2 1

x x

x

+

+

in ascending powers of x up to and including the term in x

5

. State the

range of values of x for which this expansion is valid. [3]

Find, in the simplest form, the coefficient of x

2009

in this expansion. [2]

4 A prism has a regular hexagonal base of side x cm and height y cm. Show that the

volume of the prism V, is given by

2

3 3

2

x y .

Given further that

2

( 2 ) 3 x y + · , find the exact value of x such that volume of the prism

is maximum. [6]

[Volume of a prism = Base area

×

Height.]

5 [In this question give all answers correct to 3 decimal places.]

Sketch the graphs of

2

x

y · − and

5

1 3

x

y

x

·

+

, stating clearly the equations of

asymptotes (if any). [2]

Using the graphs, find the range of values of x which satisfy

5

2 1 3

x x

x

− <

+

. [2]

Hence find the range of values of x which satisfy

5

2 1 3

x x

x

<

−

. [2]

6 A sequence

1 2 3

, , , u u u K

is defined by

1

3 u ·

and

1

1

2

n n n

u u

+

· − for all positive integers

n. Write down the exact values of

2 3 4

, , u u u

.

Hence make a conjecture for

n

u

in the

form of

1

1

2

n

a b

−

¸ _

+

¸ ,

, where a and b are constants to be determined. [3]

Prove your conjecture using mathematical induction. [5]

© HCI 2009 [Turn over 1

7 The n

th

term of a sequence is given by ( ) ! 1

n

u n n · −

, for all positive integers n where

n ≥ 2. Show that ( ) ( )

2

1

1 ! 2 2

n n

u u n n n

−

− · − − +

and

( )

( )

1

2

2

1 !

1 ! 1 .

2 2

N

n

N N

n

n n

+

·

1 + ¸ _

− − + ·

1

¸ ,

¸ ]

∑

[6]

Hence find the value of N such that ( ) ( )

1

2

5

1 ! 5 10 10 163295640.

N

n

n n n

+

·

1

− − + ·

¸ ] ∑

[3]

8

(i) Show that the areas of the shaded squares A

1

, A

2

, … , A

n

in the n

th

diagram form a

geometric progression. [2]

(ii) Show that the total area of the shaded squares in the n

th

diagram S

n

is

4 1

1

3 4

n

¸ _

−

¸ ,

.

[2]

(iii) Let S be the total shaded area in the n

th

diagram as

n → ∞

. Find the value of S.

[2]

(iv) Find the least value of n for which the difference between S

n

and S is less than 1%

of S. [3]

9 A curve C has the following parametric equations

2

e

t k

x

−

·

,

3

y t kt · − , t ∈¡ ,

and k is a fixed positive integer.

(i) Express

d

d

y

x

in terms of k and t. [2]

(ii) The tangent to the curve at 1 t · intersects the y-axis at y =

3

2

− .

(a) Show that 2 k · . [3]

(b) Hence find the equation of the normal to the curve at 1 t · . [2]

(c) Deduce the acute angle that the normal to the curve at 1 t · makes with the

y-axis. [2]

© HCI 2009 [Turn over

2cm

2cm

Diagram 1 Diagram 2 Diagram 3

A

1

A

1

A

2

A

1

A

2

A

3

2

10

The diagram above shows the curve with equation

ln(3 2 ) y x · −

.

(i) By using the substitution

y x · −

, prove that

0

0

ln(3 2 ) d ln(3 2 ) d

a

a

x x x x

−

− · +

∫ ∫

, where a > 0. [2]

(ii) Hence show that

3

3

ln(3 2 ) d ln3 x x p q

−

+ · +

∫

,

where p and q are constants to be determined. [5]

(iii) R is the region bounded by the curve

ln(3 2 ) y x · −

, the x-axis and the lines

1.5 x · and

y k ·

, where k < 0. Write down the equation of the curve when it is

translated by 1.5 units in the negative x-direction. [1]

Hence find the value of k if the volume of the solid formed when R is rotated

completely about the line x = 1.5 is

3

32

π

unit

3

. [3]

11 (a) The plane

1

∏

has Cartesian equation

2 2 3 17. x y z + − ·

The coordinates of point A is (0, 3, 2).

(i) Find the position vector of N, the foot of perpendicular from the point A to

the plane

1

∏

. [3]

© HCI 2009 [Turn over

x O

y

1

x=1.5

y=k

3

(ii) Hence find the coordinates of the point B such that line segment AB is

perpendicular to the plane

1

∏

and the plane

1

∏

cuts AB internally in the

ratio of 1 : 3. [2]

(iii) Find the perpendicular distance from the origin O to the plane

1

∏

. [2]

(iv) Given that ' O is the foot of perpendicular from the origin O to the plane

1

∏

,

identify the shape of the quadrilateral ' OANO , justifying your answer. [3]

(b) Given that the plane ∏ and the line l are as follows

: 3 5 x y z ∏ − + · α

,

3

: 0 3 ,

0 4

r l

− ¸ _ ¸ _

· + ∈

¸ , ¸ ,

β

λ λ ¡

.

Find the values of

α

and

β

where

(i) ∏ and l intersect at only one point,

(ii) ∏ and l do not intersect. [4]

12 (a) The graphs of

f ' ( ) y x ·

and ) ( f

2

x y · are shown below.

(i) Sketch the graph of

1

f ( )

y

x

·

′

. [4]

(ii) Sketch the graph of ( ) f y x ·

, indicating clearly any axial intercept,

asymptote and stationary point. [4]

(b) Sketch the graph of

2 2

4 y x x · − , indicating clearly any axial intercept,

asymptote and coordinates of turning point(s). [3]

Hence, find the range of values of b such that the graphs

2 2

2( 2) 2 by x b + − · and

2 2

4 y x x · − intersect at least twice, where 0 b > . [2]

© HCI 2009 [Turn over 4

x

−4 −2 2

y = f

′ (x)

O

(−6, 1.5)

y

x

2

y

2

= f (x)

O

−3

−2

2

(−4, 1.5)

(−4, −1.5)

y

End of Paper

© HCI 2009 [Turn over 5

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