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Nawarat Computer rS Managing Director OD;&JxGef;0if;jzpfygonf/
uGefysLwma&mif;onfhtcgwGif awGY BuHK&aom tcuftcJwpfckrSm
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uGefysLwmjzifh tdrfwGif pm&if;jyKpkjcif;? pmpDpm½dkufjcif;?
'DZikd ;f a&;qGjJ cif;? E-mail, Internet toH;k jyKjcif; azsmaf jza&;tjzpf Game
upm;jcif;? oDcsif;? ½kyf&SifMunfhjcif;pojzifh uGefysLwmwpfvHk;tm;
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cifrif&if;ESD;aom Computer qdkifrsm;? ,HkMunftm;xm;avmufaom
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&Sdygonf/
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rmwdum

- uGefysLwmwpfvHk;wGif yg0ifaomtpdwftydkif;rsm; 1
- Processor or Central Processing Unit (CPU) 2
- 0,f,lvdkolrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf 6
- Motherboard 7
- 0,f,lvdkolrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf 9
- Memory 11
- 0,f,lvdkolrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf 13
- Hard Disk 13
- 0,f,lvdkolrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf 15
- Floppy Drive 15
- Video Graphic Card 16
- 0,f,lvdkolrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf 18
- Keyboard 18
- Mouse & Pad 19
- Casing 20
- 0,f,lvdkolrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf 21
- Monitor 21
- uGefysLwm0,fpOf ta&;BuD;tcsuftvuftESpfcsKyf 22
-1-

uGeyf sLwmwpfv;kH wGiyf g0ifaomtpdwt


f ydik ;f rsm;
uGefysLwmwpfvHk;wGif tajccHtm;jzihf atmufyg tpddwf
tydkif;rsm; yg0ifygonf/
(1) Processor or Central Processing Unit (CPU)
(2) Motherboard
(3) Memory
(4) Hard Disk
(5) Floppy Drive
(6) Video Graphic Card
(7) Keyboard
(8) Mouse & Pad
(9) Casing
(10) Monitor wdkY yg0ifonf/
txufyg tcsuftvufrsm;tjyif Multimedia oHk;pGJEdkif&ef
twGuf CD-ROM Drive, DVD-ROM Drive, CD-RW Drive
(R= Read / W= write), COMBO Drive (CD, DVD, CD-RW),
DVD RW Drive (DVD Read / Write), Sound Card, Speaker
xyfrHwyfqifEdkifygonf/
-2-

(1) Central Processing Unit (CPU)

uGeyf sLwmwpfv;kH \ ta&;tBu;D qH;k t"du tpdwt f ydik ;f


jzpfonfh CPU tm; Motherboard ay:wGif wyfqif&ygonf/
CPU xkwv f yk of nfh ukrP Ü rD sm;teuf Intel , AMD wdrYk mS txif
&Sm;qHk; jzpfonf/ Intel ukrÜPDxkwf CPUrsm;rSm wurÇmvHk;\
aps;uGuftrsm;pkudk &&Sdxm;onf/
Intel ukrP Ü rD S Celeron® ESifh Pentium® processor series
ESpfrsdK;udk xkwfvkyfvQuf&Sdygonf/ Celeron® Processor trsdK;
tpm;tm; pmpDpm½du k jf cif;? e-mail ydjYk cif;? pm&if;tif; aqmhz0f rJ sm;
toHk;jyKjcif;? ynma&;ESihf oufqdkifaom Software rsm; toHk;jyK
Edkifygonf/
Pentium® Processor trsKd ;tpm;rSm Celeron® Processor
rsm;xuf ydrk v kd sijf refygonf/ Pentium® Processor trsKd ;tpm;rsm;
rSm *dr;f upm;vdo k rl sm;? Photo Editing Software rsm;? Multimedia?
Internet ponfwdkYudk vQifjrefpGm toHk;jyKvdkol rsm;twGuf
&nf&G,f xkwfvkyfxm;ygonf/ Processor \ tjrefEIef;tm; Hz
(Hertz)jzihf wdkif;wmygonf/ yxrqHk; xkwfvkyfcJhaom Pentium
Processor Speed rSm 60 MHz rS ,ckaemufqHk; Pentium 4 rSm
3.4 GHz txd xG u f & S d a eNyD ; jzpf & m ,cif 60MHz xuf
tq(40)ausmf ydkrdkjrefqef aeNyD jzpfygonf/
-3-

Processor rsm;wGif Internal Speed ESihf External Speed


[lí (2)rsdK;&Sdygonf/ Internal Speed udkom t"duxm; ajym
qdkMuygonf/ Oyrm txufpmydk'fyg Pentium 4 3.2E GHz rSm
Internal Speed jzpfygonf/ ,if;\ External Speed rSm 800
MHz jzpfygonf/ Internal Speed rSm tvkyv f yk af qmifEikd rf I tjref
EIef;jzpfNyD;? External Speed rSm Processor xuf aES;auG;aom
Memory rS tcsuftvufrsm;udk vkyfaqmif&mwGif toHk;jyKjcif;
jzpfonf/ Front Side Bus (FSB)[k vlodrsm;ygonf/ Oyrm
Pentium 4 3.2E GHz \ FSB rSm 800 MHz jzpfygonf/
Processor rsm;wGif L2 Cache [kac:aom UltraFast
Memory tm; xnho f iG ;f xkwv
f yk x
f m;ygonf/ ,if;\ vkyaf qmif
csufrSm MemoryrS owif;tcsuftvufrsm; tm; ProcessorodkY
ydaYk qmif&mwGif Processor rS tvkyf vkyaf qmifEikd rf I vsijf refojzihf
apmifq h ikd ;f rIr&Sad p&ef Mum;cH,m,Doakd vSmif Xmetjzpf toH;k jyK&ef
jzpfygonf/ Processor rS L2 Cache Mum;cHoakd vSmifXmerS owif;
tcsut f vufrsm;udk ,laqmifí wGucf surf rI sm; jyKvyk yf gu vsif
jrefaom Processor ESihf aES;auG;aom Memory tMum; uGm[
csufudk usOf;ajrmif;oGm;apygonf/
Oyrm
Oyrm-
Intel Pentium II CPUs
Internal Speed Range : 233 MHz to 450 MHz
Front Side Bus : 66 MHz to 100 MHz
L2 Cache : 256 KB
-4-

Intel Pentium III CPUs


Internal Speed Range : 450 MHz to 1.26 GHz
Front Side Bus (FSB) : 100 MHz to 133 MHz
L2 Cache : 256 KB or 512 KB
Intel Pentium 4 CPUs
Internal Speed Range : 1.3 GHz to 3.40 GHz
FSB : 400 MHz, 533 MHz, 800 MHz
L2 Cache : 256 KB , 512 KB, 1MB , 2MB
Intel Celeron CPUs
Internal Speed Range : 266 MHz to 2.80 GHz
FSB : up to 400 MHz
L2 Cache : 128 KB, 256 KB

Oyrm Pentium 4 2.4 A GHz onf


FSB : 533 MHz, L2 Cache : 1024 KB (1MB)
Pentium 4 2.4 B GHz onf
FSB : 533 MHz, L2 Cache : 512 KB yg0ifojzifh
* 2.4 A onf 2.4 B xufydkrkdvQifjrefonf
Celeron 2.4 GHz onf
FSB : 400 MHz ES i h f L2 Cache :128 KB om
yg0ifojzihf
Pentium 4 2.4 A GHz ESifh Edi
I ;f ,SOyf gu Internal Speed
wlaomfvnf; FSB ESihf L2 Cacheyg0if r I t & vsif j ref r I ?
aps;EIef; uGmjcm;rIjzpfygonf/
-5-

jrefrmhueG yf sLwmaps;uGuw
f iG f a&muf&adS ecJNh y;D aom Intel
ukrÜPDxkwf Pentium 4 Processor erlemtcsdKU
Intel Celeron 1.8 GHz (L2 Cache:128KB, FSB:400MHz, 478)
Intel Celeron 2.26D GHz (L2 Cache:256KB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel Celeron 2.4D GHz (L2 Cache:256KB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel Celeron 2.53D GHz (L2 Cache:256KB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel P4-1.6 GHz (L2 Cache:256KB, FSB:400MHz,478)
Intel P4-2.4A GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel P4-2.4B GHz (L2 Cache:512KB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel P4-2.8A GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel P4-2.8B GHz (L2 Cache:512KB, FSB:533MHz,478)
Intel P4-2.8C GHz (L2 Cache:512KB, FSB:800MHz,478)
Intel P4-2.8E GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:800MHz,478)
Intel P4-3.0C GHz (L2 Cache:512KB, FSB:800MHz,478)
Intel P4-3.0E GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:800MHz,478)
Intel P4-3.2E GHz (L2 Cache:1KB, FSB:800MHz,478)
Intel P4-3.0E GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:800MHz / LGA775)
Intel P4-3.2E GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:800MHz / LGA775)
Intel P4-3.0F GHz (L2 Cache:2MB, FSB:800MHz / LGA775)
Intel P4-3.2F GHz (L2 Cache:2MB, FSB:800MHz / LGA775)
Intel P4-3.4E GHz (L2 Cache:1MB, FSB:800MHz / LGA775)
txufyg rsm;wGif 2.8C GHz rSpí
Processor Speed
Hyper-Threading Technology jzifh xkwfvkyfvmcJhygonf/
-6-

Hyper-Threading Technology onf Software Application


rsm;pGmudk tcsed wf pfcsed w
f nf;wGif wNyKd ief ufwnf; udik w f ,
G af qmif
&GufEdkifojzifh Memory rsm;pGmvdktyfaom Adobe Photoshop uJhodkY
aom Photo Editing Software, 3D Animation Software, rsm;udk
udik w
f ,G f aqmif&u G o
f nft h cg tcsed w
f w kd pfct k wGi;f tvkyrf sm;udk
vQifjrefpGmNyD;pD;apEdkifygonf/
yxrOD;qHk; xkwfvkyfcJhaom Pentium 4 Processor rSm
423 Pin (180 nm Process), xdkYaemuf 478 Pin (130nm Process)
trsKd ;tpm;rsm;udo k m t"duxm; xkwv f yk cf o
hJ nf/ ,cktcg LGA
775 (90 nm Process) Pentium 4 CPU rsm;udk topfxyfrH xkwf
vkyv f mcJyh gonf/ Hyper-Threading Technology tm; xyfrjH yKjyifí
Dual Core Technology enf;ynmoH;k CPU rsm;vnf; xyfrx H uG af y:
aeNyDjzpfygonf/

0,f,v
l o
kd rl aS r;jref;oifo
h nft
h csuf
* Processor onf Intel ukrÜPDxkwfjzpfygu
Celeron (or) Pentium ?
* Processor \tjrefEIef; ?
* FSB tjrefEIef; ?
* L2 Cache ?
* Socket 478 (or) Socket LGA 775 ?
* Support Hyper-Threading Technology ?
-7-

(2) Motherboard

Motherboard onf uGefysLwm tpdwftydkif;rsm;udk


wyfqif&mwGif t"dutpdwftydkif;BuD; jzpfonf/ Motherboard
wGif uGefysKwm(1)vHk;\ tajccH tpdwftydkif;rsm;jzpfaom
Processor CPU? Memory? Graphic Card? Sound Card, Hard
Disk ESifh tjcm; CD-Rom tp&Sdojzihf Drive rsm;? Network
qdkif&mypönf;rsm; yl;wGJNyD; wyfqif&mbkwfjym;BuD; jzpfygonf/
uGefysLwm0,f,l&mwGif Motherboard a&G;cs,frIonf
tvGet f a&;Bu;D onf/ 3D Graphic Card rsm; wyfqifp&m rvdb k J
Motherboard wGif On Board tjzpf waygif;wnf; wyfqifay;
vdu
k af om Motherboard rsm;rSm aps;EIe;f csKd omonf/ 3D Graphic
Card xyfrHpdkuf&aom Motherboard rsm;rSm oHk;pGJvdkol\ qE´
tavsmuf Memory oD;oefY yg0ifaom Graphic Card u'frsm;udk
a&G;cs,fwyfqifEdkifonf/
VGA On Board rsm;rSm Total System Memory rS
rQa0 oHk;pGJojzihf trSefwu,foHk;pGJEdkifaom Memory rSm
avsmhenf;avh &Sdonf/ Motherboard wGif yg0ifaom Chipset
onf Intel Chipset vm;? VIA Chipset vm; ay:rlwnfí
aomfvnf;aumif;? aps;EIef; uGmjcm;Edkifonf/ Chipset Series
Oyrm Intel 845,
-8-

Intel 848, Intel 865, Intel 875,Intel 925X tp&Sdojzihf Model


jrif&h ifjriho
f vd?k vkyaf qmifcsuf yg0ifrI tenf;trsm;ay:rlwnfí
aps;EIef;uGmjcm;onf/
jref r muG e f y sLwmaps;uG u f w G i f toH k ; rsm;aom
Motherboard tcsdKUrSm -
- P4-Axper VIA266A (478/DDR)w/Sound+VGA+LAN
- P4-GIGA 8VM 533M-RZ (478/DDR)w/Sound+VGA+LAN
- P4-GIGA 8S648-FXP-RZ(478/DDR/HT)w/Sound+LAN
- P4-GIGA 8S648-FX775(775/DDR/HT)w/Sound+LAN
- P4-MSI Intel 848P Neo-V(478/DDR/HT)w/Sound+LAN
- P4-GIGA 8IPE775-G (775/DDR/HT)w/Sound+LAN
- P4-Intel 865 PERL (478/DDR/HT)w/Sound
oHk;pGJvdkolrS ukrÜPDtcsdKUjzpfonfh Gigabyte, Albatron,
ABIT, MSI, Intel ukrÜPDxkwf Motherboard rsm;rS a&G;cs,f
0,f,lEdkifovdk? wyfqifrnfh CPU ESihf vdkufzufrnfh Mother-
board a&G;cs,fwwf&ef vdktyfygonf/ Pentium ESihf Celeron
CPU rsm;twGuf aps;EIef;oufomqHk; On Board (VGA)
Motherboard rsm; a&G;cs,fEdkifovdk aps;EIef;BuD;jrihfaom Intel
ukrÜPDxkwf Motherboard wGifvnf; wyfqifEdkifygonf/
uGefysLwm 0,f,lonfhtcg aiGaMu;aMumifh aps;enf;
aom Motherboard, Memory enf;enf;ESifh 0,f,lcJhaomfvnf;
aemif t em*gwf w G i f CPUtm; tqif h j r§ i f h w if v k d o nf h t cg
MotherboardrS topfxyffrHwyfqifvkdaom CPUtm; vufrcH
Ekdifjcif; BuHKawGU&wwfygonf/ xkdtcsdefwGif CPUtjyif?
-9-

Motherboard topfyg xyfrH0,f,lwyfqif&rnf jzpfygonf/


Motherboard Manual pmtkyfwGif rnfonfh CPUtxd wyfqif
Ekdifonfudk a&;om;xm;avh&Sd&m avhvm xm;oifhaom tcsuf
wpfckjzpfNyD; Manual tm;em;rvnfygu uRrf;usifol Computer
Technician tm; ar;jref;oify h gonf/ Motherboard wyfqifxm;
rItay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;uGmjcm; Ekdifonfjzpf&m txl;owdxm;
oihfaom tcsufjzpfonf/ CPU, Motherboard, Memory,
Graphic Card tcsKd ;nDrQwpGm wyfqifroI nf ta&;Bu;D vSygonf/
0,f,v
l o
kd rl aS r;jref;oifo
h nft
h csuf
* VGA On Board trsdK;tpm; ?
On Board jzpfygu pmpDpm½dkuf?
½Hk;oHk;twGufomoifhawmf
ygonf/ aiGaMu;wwfEdkifygu Graphic Card oD;jcm;
wyfqif&aom Motherboard om a½G;cs,foifhygonf/
* Chipset Model u VIA, SIS, Intel ?
Intel Chipset wyfqifxm;aom Motherboardu ydkrdk
aumif; rGefygonf/ Chipset Model - SIS848, Intel 865,
Intel 915 pojzifhodoifhygonf/
* rnfhonfh Processor Model txd wyfqifEdkifygovJ ?
Motherboard Manual pmtkyfwGif &Sif;vif;pGmazmfjyxm;&m
a&mif;csoñfh Computer Sales Center udkar;jref; oifhyg
onf/
* Memory wyfqifrnhf Motherboardonf Dual Channel
Support vkyfygovm; ?
- 10 -

* rnfonfh CPU Socket trsdK;tpm; wyfqifEdkifoenf;/


Oyrm- Socket 478 (or) Socket LGA 775
Socket LGA 775 CPU wyfqifrnfqdkygu Motherboard
a&G;cs,fonfhtcg DDR400 Memory wyfqifEdkifaom Socket 775
Motherboard rsm;&Sdovdk DDR2 533/667 Memory om wyfqifEdkif
aom Motherboard rsm;vnf;&Sdygonf/ AGP 8X Graphic Card
wyfqifEdkifaom Socket 775 Motherboard rsm;&Sdovdk PCI Express
16X Graphic Card om wyfqiftoHk;jyKEdkifaom Motherboard
rsm;vnf;&Sdojzifh Socket 775 Motherboard 0,f,lygu rnfonfh
Memory trsKd ;tpm; (DDR 400 or DDR2 533/667) wyfqifEi kd o
f nf
udk od&Sd&efvdktyfygonf/ xdkYtwl rnfonfh Graphic Card (AGP
or PCI Express) wyfqifEdkifonfudk od&Sd&efvdktyfygonf/ Socket
LGA 775 Pentium 4 CPU ESifh Socket LGA 775 Motherboard udk
a&G;cs,fxm;aomfvnf; AGP 8X Graphic Card ESifh omref DDR
400 Memory wyfqiftoH;k jyKEi kd jf cif;onf DDR2 Memory ESihf PCI
Express Graphic Card wyfqiftoH;k jyKrx I uf ukeu
f sp&dwo
f ufom
rnfjzpfaomfvnf; aemiftem*wfwGif DDR2 Memory ESifh PCI
Express Graphic Card rsm;om ydkrdkacwfpm;vmrnfjzpfojzifh
csifhcsdef0,f,loihfygonf/
- 11 -

Motherboard wpfck\ vkyfaqmifEdkifrIay:rlwnfíaps;EIef;


uGJjym;apaomtcsufrsm;/
MotherboardwpfckwGif Chipset Model tedrfhtjrifh? Memory
wyfqifEdkifrIyrmP ESifh Dual Channel Memory wyfqifEdkifrI?
AGP Slot - 4X or 8X or aemufqHk;ay: PCI Express yg0ifrI?
PCI Slot ta&twGuf? Hard Disk Type- IDE, SATA, Raid
rsm;wyfqifEdkifrI? Sound System- 2 Channel,6 Channel, 7.1
Channel, LAN, IEEE 1394 pojzifh oD;oefYvkyfaqmifrIrsm;
yg0ifrIay: rlwnfí aps;EIef;uGmjcm;ygonf/
(3) Memory

Memory onf Computer \ ,m,DrSwfÓPf jzpfyg


onf/ uGefysLwm rD;ydwfvdkufygu rSwfÓPftwGif;&Sd tcsuf
tvufrsm; aysmufysufoGm;rnfjzpfygonf/ Random Access
Memory (RAM) [kvnf;ac:Muonf/ Memory yrmPtm;
B(Byte) jzifhwdkif;wmNyD;? tvkyfvkyfaqmifEdkifrI tjrefEIef;tm;
MHz jzihf wdi
k ;f wmygonf/ Pentium II, III Computer rsm;twGuf
SD RAM trsdK;tpm;udk oHk;Muygonf/ SD RAM wGif PC 100
ESifh PC 133 udk Standard tjzpf toHk;rsm;onf/ PC 100
trsKd ;tpm; Memory onf 100 MHz tjrefEeI ;f jzihf tvkyv f yk Nf y;D
- 12 -

PC 133 trsdK;tpm; Memory onf 133 MHz tjrefEIef;jzihf


tvkyfvkyfonf/
Pentium 4 uG e f y sLwmrsm;onf DDR SD RAM
(DDR=Double Data Rate)udk oHk;Muygonf/ DDR RAM
rsm;onf SD RAM rsm;\ tjrefEIef;ESpfqjzihf Data rsm;udk
ydkYaqmifay;Edkifonf/ DDR SDRAM rsm;onf 200 MHz, 266
MHz, 333 MHz, 400 MHz rsm;jzihf tvkyfvkyfNyD; 200 MHz
tm; (PC 1600), 266 MHz tm; (PC 2100), 333 MHz tm;
(PC 2700), 400 MHz tm; (PC 3200)tjzpf ajymif;vJ ac:qdk
Edkifygonf/
,cktcg 533 MHz tjrefEe
I ;f &Sad om DDRII Memory
rsm;vnf; xGufay:aeNyDjzpfygonf/ ,aeY toHk;rsm;aom
Memory yrmPrsm;rSm 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB rsm; jzpfMu
ygonf/ 128 MB ESpfacsmif;wyfqifjcif;jzihf 256 MB &Edkifovdk?
256 MB wacsmif;wnf; wyfqifjcif;jzihfvnf; 256 MB &Edkifyg
onf/
Memory yrmPrsm;av Memory udk t"duxm; oH;k pG& J
aom Adobe Photoshop vdk Software rsm; oHk;pGJonfh tcgwGif
vnf;aumif;? 3D Game rsm; upm;onfhtcgwGif vnf;aumif;?
ydkrkdvsifjrefrI? jrefqefrIudk &&Sdapygonf/
Memory yrmPtm; pmpDpm½dkuftwGuf 128 MB
tenf;qHk;&SdoihfNyD;? Game rsm; upm;vdkygu 256 MB, 512
MB &So d ihyf gonf/ 3D Graphic Card rsm; wGiyf g0ifaomMemory
yrmPESihf ra&maxG;oihfyg/AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port)
- 13 -

wGif wyfqifMuaom Graphic Card rsm;wGif yg0ifaom Memory


yrmPrS m 32 MB, 64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB [l í
trsdK;tpm;rsm;&Sd&m ,if;wdkYonf 3D ½kyfyHkrsm;? Game twGuf
oD;oefxY wk v
f yk x
f m;jcif; jzpfonf/ Computer \ t"du Memory
vnf ; rsm;rsm;wyf q if NyD ; ? Graphic Card ud k v nf ;
tjrifhqHk;wyfqifygu pGrf;aqmif&nf onf twdkif;xuftvGef
aumif;rGefjynfh0pGm ay;Edkifrnfjzpfyg onf/
0,f,v
l o
kd rl aS r;jref;oifo
h nft
h csuf
* Memory trsdK;tpm; ?
Kingston ukrÜPDxkwf Memory rsm;u ydkaumif;ygonf/
* Memory Speed ?
DDR 333 MHz, DDR 400 MHz, DDRII 533 MHz
* rnfhonfhyrmPtxd Memory wyfqifEdkifygovJ ?

(4) Hard Disk

Hard Disk onf Primary Storage Area jzpfygonf/


Memory uJhodkY rD;ydwfvdkufygu Data rsm; aysmufqHk;oGm;jcif;
r&Syd g/ y½d*k &rfrsm;udk Hard Disk wGif xnfo
h iG ;f &ygonf/ owif;
- 14 -

tcsuftvufrsm;udk xkwf,loHk;pGJEdkifygonf/
Hard Disk wpfvHk;onf owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk
rnfrQ odr;f qnf;xm;Edik o
f vJqwkd mudk Byte jzifh wdik ;f wmygonf/
0ifqefYwJh yrmPvdkuf 850 MB, 1.2 GB, 4.3 GB, 8.4 GB, 10
GB, 20 GB, 40 GB, 80 GB, 120 GB, 200 GB pojzihf
t&G,ftpm; trsdK;rsdK;&Sdonf/
,aeY Pentium 4 uGefysLwmrsm;wGif 40 GB, 80 GB
Hard Disk rsm;udk toHk;rsm;Muygonf/BuD;rm;onfh Hard Disk
Size rsm; aps;EIef;usqif;vmonfESifhtrQ oHk;pGJEdkifolOD;a&
rsm;jym;vmrnfjzpfygonf/ Seagate ukrÜPDxkwf Hard Disk rSm
vlBuKd urf sm;onf/ Hard Disk wpfcuk kd azmfjy&mwGif oufqikd &f m
ukrÜPDemrnfudkyg a&;om;azmfjyavh&Sdonf/ erlemjytcsdKUrSm -
40 GB (Maxtor) 7200 rpm, IDE
40 GB (Seagate) 7200 rpm, IDE
40 GB (Samsung) 7200 rpm, IDE
80 GB (Maxtor/ Hitachi) 7200 rpm, IDE
80 GB (Seagate) 7200 rpm, IDE
80 GB (Seagate) 7200 rpm, SATA
120 GB (Seagate) 7200 rpm, IDE
120 GB (Seagate) 7200 rpm, SATA
txufazmfjycsufwGif Maxtor, Seagate, Samsung rSm
oufqdkif&m Hard Disk xkwfvkyfonfh ukrÜPDrsm;\ trnfjzpf
onf/ 7200 rpm rSm Hard Disk\ vnfywfrItjrefEIef;jzpfNyD;
IDE rSm Integrated Device Electronics(IDE) twda
k umufjzpfNy;D
- 15 -

SATA rSm Serial ATA jzpfygonf/ SATA trsdK;tpm;


Hard DiskrSm IDE trsKd;tpm; Hard Disk xuf Datarsm;udk
ydkrdkvQif jrefpGm o,f,lydkYaqmifEdkifygonf/
xkwv f yk af om ukrP
Ü tD rnfuvkd u
kd í
f aps;EIe;f uGmjcm;Edik f
ygonf/ Hard Disk a&G;cs,o f nht
f cg 40 GB, 80 GB, tenf;qH;k
wyfqifoifhygonf/
0,f,v
l o
kd rl aS r;jref;oifo
h nft
h csuf
* Hard Disk xkwfvkyfonfhukrÜPD ?
(Maxtor, Hitachi, Samsung, Seagate )
Seagate ukrP
Ü x
D w
k f Hard Disk rsm;rSm ydrk v
kd Bl uKd urf sm;onf/
* Hard Disk yrmP ?
(40GB, 80GB, 120GB )
* Hard Disk TYPE ?
IDE xuf SATA trsKd;tpm;u ydkrdkvQifjrefonf/
(5) Floppy Drive

wGif 3.5" &Sd Floppy Disk udk xnfo


Floppy Drive h iG ;f Ny;D
owif;tcsutf vufrsm;udk ul;,lEikd yf gonf/ Floppy Disk onf
1.44 MB om vufco
H nf/ Floppy Disk udk toHk;jyKNyD; uGefysL
- 16 -

wmwpfvHk;rS Data awGudk wjcm;wvHk;udk vTJajymif;Edkifonf/


Data 0ifqefYEdkifrI yrmPonf pmom;tenf;trsm;? ½kyfyHk
yg0ifrIay: rlwnfygonf/ File Size onf 1.44 MB txdom
odrf;qnf; Edkifojzihf tvGefrsm;jym;aom pmrsufESmrsm;? ½kyfyHkrsm;
odrf;qnf; Edkifrnfr[kwfay/
(6) Video Graphic Card

,cktcg Graphic Card rsm;wGif AGP (or) PCI Express


trsdK;tpm; Graphic Card rsm;udkom oHk;pGJaeMuygonf/ 3D
Graphic Controller Card [lívnf; odem;vnfMuygonf/ AGP
onf (Accelerated Graphic Port) jzpfygonf/ PCI Express
onf aemufq;kH ay: Graphic Card jzpfygonf/ 3D ½kyyf x kH u
G rf sm;
aumif;rGefa&;onf t"duusvSaom aemufqHk;ay:uGefysLwm
*&yfzpf*rd ;f rsm;upm;&m Edik ef if;pGm pGr;f aqmif&nfay;Edik jf cif;? yH&k yd f
rsm;udk acsmarGUMunfvifjywfom;apjcif; ponft h usKd ; aus;Zl;rsm;
ay;pGr;f Edik yf gonf/ AGP Card rsm;rxGuaf y:ao;rDu ½d;k ½d;k omref
½kyfyHkxGuf VGA Card (PCI) trsdK;tpm;rsm; xGufay:cJhygonf/
,if; Card rsm;tm; ,ckaemufq;kH ay: uGeyf sLwmrsm;wGif toH;k jyK
- 17 -

jcif; r&Sdawmhyg/
AGP Card rsm;wGif Memory oD;oefy Y g0ifavh &Syd gonf/
32 MB, 64MB,128 MB, txdyg0ifaom AGP Card trsdK;rsdK;
&Syd gonf/ AGP Card rsm;\ Data o,f,yl aYkd qmifEikd rf I tjrefEeI ;f
tm; 1x , 2x, 4x, 8x pojzihf ajymqdkMuygonf/
Oyrm 32 MB SDR DRAM yg0ifaom AGP Card
onf 4x = 1.07 g bps (giga byte per second) tjrefEIef;
jzihfvnf;aumif;? 64 MB DDR RAM yg0ifaom AGP Card
onf/ 8x = 2.1 g bps tjrefEIef;jzihfvnf;aumif; Data rsm;udk
o,f,lydkYaqmifEdkifonf jzpf&m AGP 4x Card rsm;xuf AGP
8x Card onf Data rsm;tm; o,f,& l mwGif 2 qcefY ydrk kd jrefqef
vSygonf/
xdkYaMumihf AGP Card wpfckonf 4x ?, 8x ? odoifhyg
onf/ AGP 8x Card udk AGP 4x om vufcHEdkifaom
Motherboard wGif wyfqifygu AGP 8x tjrefEIef; &&Sdrnf
r[kwfay/
,cktcg New Technology PCI Express Card rsm;yif
xGufay:aeNyD jzpfygonf/ PCI Express 16X Graphic Card
rsm;onf 8 gbps tjrefEIef;jzifh Data rsm;udk o,f,lydkYaqmif
Edkifojzifh AGP 8X Graphic Card rsm;xuf ydkrdkvsifjrefayvdrfh
rnf/
oDt&kd t
D & aES;omt&mESifh jrefaomt&m yl;wGJ wyfqif
ygu aES ; aomtjref E I e f ; jzih f o m tvk y f v k y f r nf j zpf o jzih f
Motherboard a&G;cs,fonhftcg txl;owdxm;oifhygonf/
- 18 -

64 MB AGP ( MX 440,8X ) wtith TV Out


64 MB AGP ( MX 4000,8X ) wtith TV Out
ponfjzifh ypönf;trsdK;tpm;ay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;uGmjcm;rI
½SdEdkif&muGefysLwm0,f,l&mwGif rnfonfhtrsdK;tpm;jzifhwyfqif
xm;onfudk avhvmEIdif;,SOfoifhygonf/
0,f,v
l o
kd rl aS r;jref;oifo
h nft
h csuf
* Graphic Card xkwfvkyfonfhukrÜPD ?
(Albatron, Gigabyte, MSI, ASUS)
Gigabyte, MSI, ASUS Graphic Card rsm;u ydkrdkaumif;rGef
ygonf/
* AGP Graphic Card (or) PCI Express Graphic Card
* Memory yrmP (64MB, 128MB, 256MB)
* Data Transfer Speed 4x or 8x or 16x ?

(7) Keyboard

Wireless Keyboard Multi Media Function rsm;yg0ifaom Keyboard

uD;bkwfonf owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk uGefysLwm


odx
Yk nfo
h iG ;f &m Input Device wpfck jzpfygonf/ PS/2 Keyboard
wpfck\ BudK;acgif;rSm c&rf;a&mifjzpfNyD; uGefysLwm Casing \
taemufzuf? Mother board &Sd c&rf;a&mif taygufwiG f wyfqif
- 19 -

&ygrnf/
Keyboard rsm;wGif aps;EIe;f t& 2500d^-wef rS wireless
keyboard aomif;ausmftxd &SdEdkifygonf/ Function pHkvifrI
tay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;uGmjcm;Edkifygonf/
(8) Mouse

Serial Mouse PS2 Mouse

armuf(pf)onf owif;tcsuftvufrsm;udk uGefysLwm


odkY xnfhoGif;&m Input Device wpfckjzpfonf/ uGefysLwmwpfvHk;
wGif Keyboard ESihf Mouse onf r&Sdrjzpf vdktyfvSygonf/
Mouse wGif Serial Mosue, PS\2 Mouse, USB Mosue, Opitcal
Mouse, Wireless Mouse pojzihf trsdK;rsdK;&Sdonf/
PS/2 armufpuf wpfc\ k BuKd ;acgif;rSm tpdr;f a&mif jzpfNy;D
uG e f y sLwm Casing \ taemuf z uf ? Mother board &S d
tpdrf;a&mif taygufwGif wyfqif&ygrnf/
Serial Mouse rsm;rSm aES;auG;NyD; PS/2 Mouse rsm;udk
om toHk;rsm;onf/ Optical Mouse rsm;onf PS/2 Mouse
uJhodkY a&GUvsm;&mwGif bD;udkroHk;bJ Sensor jzihf oHk;ojzihf acs;
rwufjcif;? a&&SnfcdkifcHhjcif;wdkYaMumihf ydkrdk vlBudKufrsm;onf/
- 20 -

0,f,lvdktm; a&G;cs,fapvdkonfhtcsuf
Optical Mouse a&G;cs,o
f nfth cg Samsung ukrP
Ü x
D w
k f
Optical Mouse rsm;rSm vlBudKufrsm;onf/

(9) Casing

Casing onf uGey f sLwmypön;f rsm;jzpfaomMotherboard,


Hard Disk, Floppy Drive, CD-ROM Drive pojzihf uGefysLwm
qufpyfypönf;rsm;tm; wyfqifEdkifNyD;? ¤if;wGif uGefysLwmpepf
wpfckvHk;tm; vdktyfaom vQyfppfrsm; ay;ydkY&mjzpfaom Power
Supply wyfqif&mvnf; jzpfonf/ pm;yGJay:wGifwifxm;NyD;
oHk;pGJEdkifojzihf Desktop Casing [kvnf; ac:qdkMuonf/
Casing wGif (1) Normal Casing
(2) Normal Light Casing
(3) Light (tvSrD;) Casing
(4)Light + Second Fan Casing [l í
tMurf;zsif;cGJjcm;Edkifygonf/
rdrd0,f,lrnfh uGefysLwmtwGuf Casing udk ta&mif?
yHko@mefutp rdrdudk,fwdkif a&G;cs,f&onfu taumif;qHk;
jzpfygonf/ Model tedrfhtjrifh? Casing Design ay: rlwnfí
- 21 -

aps;EIef;uGmjcm;Ekdifygonf/
Casing 0,f,l&mwGif Casing ESifhtwl wGJbufyg&Sd
vmonft h &mrS Power Supply jzpfygonf/ ,if; Power Supply
onf 350W? 400W? 450Wvm; ar;jref;oifyh gonf/ 0yfrsm;ygu
aemiftem*wfwGif xyfrHwyfqifvdkonfh uGefysLwmypönf;rsm;udk
Ekdifeif;pGm 0efaqmifrIay;Ekdifygonf/
0,f,lvdkrS ar;jref;oihfonfhtcsuf
wGifyg0ifaom Power Supplyonf tmrcHoufwrf;
* Casing
umv 6-v(odkY) 1 ESpf ay;ygovm; ?
(10) Monitor

armfeDwmonf Computer \ Out Put Device wpfckjzpf


onf/ owif;tcsut f vufrsm;udk xnfo
h iG ;f &mwGiv
f nf;aumif;?
xkwf,l&mwGifvnf;aumif;? Monitor rS owif; tcsuftvuf
rsm;tm; Munfh½IqHk;jzwfEdkifonf/ Hard Copy xkwf,lvdkygu
Printer rS xkwf,lEdkifygonf/
- 22 -

armfeDwmtrsdK;tpm;rsm;rSm 15", 17", 19", 21" CRT


(Cathode Ray Tube)oHk; Monitor rsm;rSm vloHk;rsm;onf/
xdkYtjyif LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) Monitor rsm;vnf;
&So
d nf/ LCD Monitor rsm;rSm aps;EIe;f Bu;D jrihaf eao;onf/ LCD
Monitor rsm;wGifvnf; 15", 17", [lí&Sdonf/
armfeDwmrsm;wGif Philips, Samsung Monitor rsm;rSm
vlBudKufrsm;onf/ xdkif;EdkifiHxkwf Socos Monitor rsm;vnf;
t&nftaoG; aumif;rGeo f nf/ Color t"duxm;í vkyaf qmif&
aom Graphic Design vkyfief;rsm;? "mwfyHkvkyfief;rsm;wGif
Viewsonic Monitor udk oHk;oihfonf/
txufyg tajccHtcsuftvufrsm;tjyif Multimedia
ypön;f rsm;jzpfaom CD-ROM, DVD ROM, CD-Writer, Speaker
rsm; xyfrHwyfqifvdkygu wyfqifEdkifygonf/
uGefysLwm0,fpOf ta&;BuD;tcsuftvuftESpfcsKyf
(1) Motherboard rm;om;bk w f trsd K ;tpm; EI d i f ; ,S O f j cif ; /
(Gigabyte / MSI / ASUS / Intel )
MSI / ASUS / Intel Motherboard rsm;udk ydr kv
kd Bl uKd urf sm;onf/
Motherboard Chipset EIdif;,SOfjcif;/ ( VIA / SIS / Intel )
Motherboard Chipset Model EIdif;,SOfjcif;/
(InteltrsKd ;tpm;jzpfygu Intel 845, Intel 848, Intel 865 etc.,)
(2) Memory trsdK;tpm;EIdif;,SOfjcif;? DDR or DDR2 ?
(Oyrm DDR 400 Memory trsKd ;tpm;wGif Kingston ukrP Ü D
xkwf Memory udk ydkrdkvlBudKufrsm;onf/)
- 23 -

Memory tjrefEIef;EIdif;,SOfjcif;( DDR 400 MHz or DDR2


533 MHz )
(3) Hard Disk trsdK;tpm; EIdif;,SOfjcif;?
( Seagate / Maxtor / Hitachi ) Seagate udk vlBuKd ur
f sm;onf/
Hard Disk yrmP EIdif;,SOfjcif;?( 40 GB/ 80GB /120GB )
(4) AGP or PCI Express trsdK;tpm; EIdif;,SOfjcif;?
MSI, Gigabyte, ASUS trsdK;tpm;rsm;ukd vlBudKufrsm;onf/
AGP or PCI Express Chipset trsdK;tpm; EIdif;,SOfjcif;?
( for AGP 64MB ) MX 440 or MX4000
( for AGP 128MB ) MX 4000 or FX 5200
uGeyf sLwm wpfv;kH 0,f,&l ef pOf;pm;onft
h cg Computer
Sales Center rsm;wGif Computer uGefysLwmaps;EIef;tm; vdkufvH
pHkprf;onfhtcg rdrdvdkcsifaom Processor Speed wlnaD omfvnf;
aps;EIe;f rwlno D nfukd yxrOD;pGm awGU&rnfjzpfygonf/ trsm;tm;
jzifh aps;EIef;oufomonfudkom 0,frdwwfygonf/ aps;EIef;
uGJjym;jcif;rSm Specification rwlnDjcif;aMumifhjzpfNyD; rnfonfu
ydak umif;onfukd EdiI ;f ,SO&f mwGif uGeyf sLwm tajccHr&Sad o;olrsm;
twGuf þpmtkyfonf taxmuftyHh jzpfap&efom jzpfygonf/
0,f,o l ul , kd wf ikd f rnfonfu aumif;rGeo
f nfukd qH;k jzwfwwfap
csifygonf/
odjYk zpfygí uGeyf sLwm Specification tm; EdiI ;f ,SO&f mwGif
Processor Speed Oyrm Pentium 4 3.0E GHz wlnDaomfvnf;
wyfqifxm;onfh Motherboard trsdK;tpm;? Hard Disk tenf;
- 24 -

trsm;? Memory tenf;trsm;? Graphic Card wyfqifxm;rI


tenf;trsm; Casing, Monitor, Keyboard, Mouse rS tpuGjJ ym;
Edkifonfjzpf&m Processor Speed wlnDaomfvnf; aps;EIef;rSm
wlnDrnfr[kwfay/
Multimedia tjzpf Speaker, DVD ROM, CD Writer
rsm; xyfrw H yfqif&ygOD;rnfjzpfNy;D rD;ysuo
f mG ;aomf uGeyf sLwmtm;
xd c d k u f r I r &S d a p&ef t wG u f UPS yg waygif ; wnf ;
0,f,l&rnfjzpf&m þpmtkyfonf tajccHrQom jzpfygonf/
xdkYaMumihf uGefysLwm r0,f,lrD r&Sif;vif;onfrsm;?
em;rvnfaom uGeyf sLwm toH;k tEIe;f rsm;tm; pmzwfot l aejzihf
tawmftoihf od&Sdem;vnfatmif þpmapmifjzihf a&;om;azmfjy
tyfNyD; xyfrHod&Sdvdkonfrsm;? tultnDrsm; vdktyfygu vludk,f
wdkif jzpfap? ]]e0&wfuGefysLwm}}trSwf-135? bdkuav;aps;vrf;
(txuf)? zke;f -392047odjYk zpfap tcsed rf a&G; qufo, G af r;jref;Edik f
ygaMumif; a&;om;wifjyvdkuf&ygonf/

&JxeG ;f 0if;