Araban kepada eaton: Jawab semua soalan dalam Bahagian A dalam ruang yang disediakan. Semua kerja mestilah ditunjukkan. Bagi jawapan berangka, unit mestilah dinyatakan di mana-mana yang sesuai. Jawab mana-mana empat soalan daripada Bahagian B. Untuk bahagian ini, tulis jawapan anda pada helaian jawapan yang dibekalkan. Mulakan setiap jawapan pada helaian kertas yang baru, dan susun jawapan anda mengikut tertib berangka. Ikat helaian jawapan anda bersama dengan buku soalan ini. Jawapan boleh ditulis dalam bahasa Melayu atau bahasa lnggeris. Buku Data dibekalkan.

Untuk kegunaan pemeriksa (For examiner's use)

1 2

5 6


to candidates:

------------~.---------7 8 -9

Answer all the questions in Section A in the spaces provided. All working must be shown. For numerical answers, units must be quoted wherever they are appropriate. Answer any four questions from Section B. For this section, write your answers on the answer sheets provided. Begin each answer on a fresh sheet of paper; and arrange your answers in numerical order. Tie your answer sheets to this booklet. Answers may be written in either Malay or English. A Data Booklet is provided.



10 Jumlah (Total)

Kertas soalan ini terdiri daripada 10 halaman bercetak, (This question paper consists of 10 printed pages.) © Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia 2002




Section A
Answer all the questions in this section.

1 (a) (i) Sketch the energy level diagram for the orbitals of an atom (other than hydrogen) with the principal quantum number of n = 1 to n = 3.

(ii) Using arrows to represent electrons, show on the diagram sketched above the electronic arrangement of a carbon atom in the excited state. [3] (b) The carbon atom uses hybridised orbitals to form bonds in the propene molecule,

(i) State the type of hybrid orbitals involved.

(ii) Draw a labelled diagram indicating the overlapping of orbitals in the propene molecule and show the type of bonds involved.

STPM 2()02

(c) Propene is a monomer for polypropene, (i) Draw a repeating unit of polypropene.

(ii) State one use of polypropene and state one

property related to its use.




Arrange the elements (i) in the Third Period of the Periodic Table in the order of decreasing atomic radius,

(ii) in Group 17 of the Periodic Table in the order of increasing first ionisation energy.

[2] (b) Draw the Lewis structure and state the geometry for the SF6 molecule and the I3 ion. SF6 molecule Lewis structure Lewis structure IJ- ion




Geometry: [4]

(c) State why (i) SF6 is used as a insulating gas in high voltage electric appliances,

(ii) S16 does not exist,

(iii) 13 and Br3- ions exist but F3- ion does not exist under normal conditions.


STPM 20()2

3 (a) A bleaching liquid can be prepared by the reaction of chlorine with aqueous sodium hydroxide at room temperature. (i) Write a balanced ionic equation for the reaction taking place.

(ii) State the change in the oxidation state of chlorine in the above reaction.

(iii) State the active ingredient in the bleaching liquid formed.

[4) (b) The two stable aqueous ions of iron are the iron(II) and iron(III) ions. (i) With respect to the electronic configurations, which ions of iron are more stable? Give the electronic configuration of that jon.

(ii) Aqueous iron(II) ion is acidic. Write a balanced equation to illustrate this property.

[4] (c) The making of photochromic glass is based on the concept of black and white photography. (i) What is the added substance in photochromic glass?

(ii) State what happens when photo chromic glass is exposed to light, and write a balanced equation for the reaction that takes place.


Sl'PM 200]

4 (a) Carboxylic acids are organic acids obtained from plants and animals. The structural formulae of four carboxylic acids are given below.

(i) Arrange the acids in the order of increasing acidity.

Which of the above acids has the strongest conjugate base?

(iii) State the effect of the -N02 group on the acidity OfHO~COOH.

[5] (b) HO~COOH can be used to make polymers.

(i) State the type of polymerisation involving this acid.

(ii) Draw the structure of the polymer.

What functional group is present in the polymer?



(c) CH3COOH can be used to prepare a buffer solution. solution. (i) State one chemical that needs to be added to CH3COOH to produce a buffer

(ii) Give the structural formulae of the species that are responsible for the buffer action of the solution.


STPM 20()2

Section B Answer any four questions in this section. 5 (a) Boric acid, B(OH)3' is an antiseptic found in some eyewash. In an aqueous solution, boric acid acts as a Lewis acid.
(i) Define Lewis acid. (ii) Explain the acidic property of aqueous boric acid. [6]

(b) Phenol, C6HPH, is a weak organic acid. A solution containing 0.385 g of phenol in 2.00 dm' of water has a pH of 6.29 at 25°C. (i) Explain why phenol is a weak organic acid. (ii) Calculate the acid dissociation constant Ka of phenol at 25

6 (a) One mole of any gas occupies the same volume under the same temperature and pressure. Calculate the volume of one mole of gas at standard temperature and pressure.
[3] (b) 3.00 g of a sample of antimony pentachloride is vaporised. The vapour occupies a volume of 285 em" at standard temperature and pressure. (i) Calculate the relative molecular mass of antimony pentachloride

in the vapour

state. (ii) Calculate the relative molecular mass of antimony pentachloride from its molecular formula. Explain the difference between this value and the value you obtained in (b)(i) above.
(iii) Predict the shape of the antimony pentachloride molecule. [12]

7 (a) Liquid hydrazine, N2H4, is used as a rocket fuel because its enthalpy of combustion is very exothermic. The thermochemical equation for the combustion of hydrazine is as follows: !ili = -534.0 kJ

(i) 1.0 g of hydrazine is burnt in a bomb calorimeter. Calculate the temperature change if the total heat capacity of the bomb calorimeter and its contents is 5.86 kJ °C~I. (ii) Calculate the enthalpy of formation of hydrazine if the enthalpy of formation of water vapour is -242.0 kJ mol:'. [8] (b) An aqueous solution of sodium chloride of concentration 2.00 mol dm? is electrolysed for 25.0 minutes using graphite eletrodes. The resulting solution is then titrated with hydrochloric acid of concentration 0.250 mol dm'. If the volume of hydrochloric acid needed to complete the titration is 15.50 em', calculate the magnitude of the current used during the electrolysis. [7]

STPM 2002 8 (a) Aluminium oxide and aluminium chloride have different chemical properties. reference to the bonding in aluminium oxide and aluminium chloride, explain (i) the amphoteric nature of aluminium oxide, With

(ii) the reaction between aluminium

chloride and water. [8]

(b) Explain the following (i) Nitrogen is inert.


(ii) Carbon dioxide is a gas-while

silicon dioxide is a solid under normal conditions. [7]


(a) The molecular

formulae for compounds


S are given below.

CH3 CH( 0 H)C3H7




(i) Draw the structural formulae for all the isomers of Rand S. (ii) Give dichromate(VI).
the equation for the reaction between

R and



(iii) Give the equation for the reaction between S and hydrogen gas in the presence of nickel catalyst at 150°C. [7] (b) (i) State the functional groups in an amino acid molecule.

(ii) Glycine or 2- aminoethanoic acid is a solid with a high melting point. It is soluble in water but is insoluble in ether. Draw the full structural formula of glycine and explain the given observations.
(iii) Indicate, glycine molecules. with a balanced equation, how a peptide bond is formed between two

(iv) Write equations sodium hydroxide.

for the reaction

of glycine with hydrochloric

acid and aqueous [8]

STPM 2002 10 (a) An organic compound P with relative molecular mass of 126.5 has the following composition by mass: carbon, 66.4%; chlorine, 28.1%; and hydrogen, 5.5%. (i) Determine the molecular formula of P.

(ii) When P is refluxed with aqueous potassium hydroxide, Q is formed. Controlled oxidation of Q produces R that gives an orange precipitate S with 2,4dinitrophenylhydrazine. Continued oxidation of R produces T, a white solid. Determine the structural formulae of P, Q, Sand T. [8] (b) 2-bromo-2-methylpropane hydroxide. (i) Describe undergoes hydrolysis of the hydrolysis. of aqueous potassium hydroxide on the rate [7) when boiled with aqueous potassium

the mechanism

(ii) State the
of hydrolysis.

of the concentration

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