AppleTalk Protocol Suite

Sun NFS Protocol Suite
NIS
Network Information Services

IBM Protocol Suite
SNA Transactions Services

Media over IP Protocol Suites

Mobile Protocol Suites
2.5G WAP Forum SSP
Skinny Station Protocol

TCP/IP Protocol Suite
FTP
File Transfer Protocol

Microsoft Protocol Suite
Remote Unix

Novell Netware Protocol Suite
NWWDOG
NetWare Watchdog Protocol

X.25 Protocol Suite
CMIP
Common Management Information Protocol

ISO Virtual Private Network Protocol Suite Protocol Suite
FTAM
File Transfer, Access & Management

Other Supported Protocol Suites
Banyan Vines DECnet IV DECnet V XNS 3COM

Telnet
Telnet

SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

RSTAT
Remote Statistics

SNA/MS
Management Services

SNA/FS
File Services

RPRINT
Remote Unix Print (Ipr)

RSHELL
Remote Unix Shell

RLOGIN
Remote Unix Login

REXEC
Remote Unix Exec

RWHO
Remote Unix WHO Protocol

NWDiag
IPX Diagnostic Support Protocol

VTP
Virtual Terminal Protocol

CMISE
Common Management Information Service Element

DDM AFP NFS
Network File System

DIA
Document Interchange Architecture

PMAP
Port Mapper

Distributed Data Management

APPLICATION

7 6 5 4

AppleTalk Filing Protocol

H.450 .1-.9
Call Supplement Services

H.323 Telephony & Multimedia Applications

SGCP
Simple Gateway Control Protocol

UA Profile
User Agent Profile

SL
Service Load

BGMP
Border Gateway Multicast Protocol

NNTP
Network News Transfer

IRC
Internet Relay Chat

Gopher
File Retrievel

TACACS HTTP WWW
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Access Control Protocol

NTP
Network Time Protocol

DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

NWBCAST
NetWare Broadcast Message Notification

NWSERIAL
Novell Serialization Protocol

MOUNT
Mount Server

SMB
Sever Message Block

DCA
Document Control Architecture

SNA/DS
Distributed Services

POP3 SI MGCP
Service Indication

OTA
Over the Air

From TCP

Post Office Protocol v3

TDP
Tag Distribution Protocol

X.500
Directory Services

MMS
Manufacturing Messaging Service

ODA
Office Document Architecture

X.400
Electronic Mail

BOOTP
Bootstrap Protocol

TFTP
Trival File Transfer Protocol NetWare Lite

Application Layer
• Top end-user layer. • Provides appropriate semantics or meaning to transferred data. • Provides for setup and termination of associations between application processes. • Provides virtual terminal, file and job transfer and manipulation services.

Media Gateway Central Protocol

From NetBIOS (Novell) ND Postscript
Sun Network Disk

From VSPP From SPP From NSP From IP From SPX, SPXII XGCP
Extended Gateway Control Protocol

H.248 MEGACO + Text Variant 3G UMTS W-CDMA

GIOP
General Inter-ORB Protocol

From IP
Internet Management

PAD NDS
NetWare Directory Service (X.29) Packet Assembly Disassembly

7 6

APPLICATION

ACSE
Association Control Service Element

From NetBIOS (3Com) From NetBIOS-DGM From NetBIOS (ISO)

SIP
Session Initiation Protocol

IIOP
CORBA Internet Inter-ORB Protocol

SNMP V1
Simple Network Management Protocol

NLP SNMP V2
Simple Network Management Protocol

SNMP V3
Simple Network Management Protocol

NAS
Non Access Station

NetWare Lite Protocol

NCP
NetWare Core Protocol

COPS
Common Open Policy Service

From IP IBMNM
IBM Network Management

CC
Call Control

TACACS+
Access Control Protocol

LSP
NetWare Lite Sideband Protocol

CMOT
CMIP over TCP

DISP
Dispatching for SNMP

RTSP
Real Time Streaming Protocol

TCAP X Windows

SAP
Service Advertising Protocol

ROSE
Remote Operations Service Element

RTSE
Reliable Transfer Service Element

From UDP From TCP From TCP

MM
Mobility Management

Mail Slots

MS-RAP

Named Pipes

SM
Presentation Services Session Management

From NSP CIFS / SMB Common Internet File System / Server Message Block

PRESENTATION

3270 Data Stream SCS
SNA Character Stream

GMM
GPRS Mobility Management

PRESENTATION

Presentation Layer
• Third end-user layer. • Manages and transfers end-user data-unit syntax. • Isolates application layer processes from differences in data representation and syntax. • Initiates and terminates connections and handles errors.

LPP
Lightweight Presentation Protocol

TOPS IPSD
Intelligent Printer Data Stream

IP NetBIOS (SSN)

SMBTCP

IP NetBIOS (DGM)

ISO PP
Presentation Protocol

LU6.2
Logical Unit 6.2

From TCP

From TCP

From UDPvv

From NetBEUI Radius Accounting

SoftTalk

ASP
AppleTalk Session Protocol

Q.931
(H.225) Call Setup

RAS
(H.225) Registration, Admission, Status

ALCAP RRC
Radio Resource Control

LDAP
Lightweight Direction Access Protocol

DNS
Domain Name Server

RANAP
Radio Access Network Application Part

Access Link Control Application

Radius MP
Multilink Protocol

RTSP
Real Time Streaming Protocol

Remote Authentication Dial In User Service

SESSION

Session Layer
• Second of four end-user function layers. • Controls establishment and termination of sessions between two end users. • Manages session to ensure orderly delivery of information or data. • Manages parameter negotiation and synchronizes connection data flow.

WSP ZIP
Zone Information Protocol

AAL2L3
Signaling Tansport Covertor

RPC
Remote Procedure Call

H.245
Call Control

RTP
Real Time Protocol

Wireless Session

PDCP
Packet Data Convergence Protocol

To SMB NetBIOS-NS
(TCP/IP) Name Server

EAP
Extensible Authentication Protocol

SMPP To SMB
Short Message Peer to Peer

To PPP ISO SP
Session Protocol

To PPP L2TP L2F

To SLIP

RNSAP
Radio Network Subsystem Appliation Part

STC

5 4

SESSION

NetBIOS-SSN
(TCP/IP) Session Protocol

PAP
Printer Access Protocol

KSP
Kiewit Stream Protocol

From UDP

Data Flow Control

T.120, T.122, T.123, T.125
Multimedia Conferencing

RTCP
Real Time Control Protocol

BMC
Broadcast/Multicast Control

From PPP

From TCP

From UDP

From PPP

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

Layer 2 Forwarding Protocol

NetBIOS
(Novell)

NBAP
Node-B Application

From UDP To MPTN

From TCP To SMB From UDP From Frame Relay From X.25

Codecs Supported: G.711, G.729, G.723

From UNI From TCP From Frame Relay ATP
AppleTalk Transaction Protocol

From UDP From Frame Relay

WTP
Wireless Transaction

Routing Protocols

BGP
Border Gateway Protocol

LDP
Label Distribution Protocol of MPLS

MSDP
Multicast Source Discovery Protocol

RUDP
Reliable UDP

MGCP
Media Gateway Control Protocol

IP-SEC
Internet IP-Security

DIFFSERV
Differentiated Services

Transport Layer
• Lowest of the higher-layer protocols which provide end-user functions. • Utilizes network layer to ensure reliable, sequenced data exchange between end users. • Can be connection or connectionless (datagram) oriented. • Datagrams are separately routed and may arrive out of sequence. • Connection oriented services provide a virtual connection over which all packets travel in sequence. • Segments messages into smaller units (packets) for transmission.

ADSP
AppleTalk Data Stream Protocol

TRANSPORT

Transmission Control Request/Response Header
Wireless Datagram Protocol

To ISO TP ISO DE WDP
ISO Development Environment

SGCP
Simple Gateway Control Protocol

XGCP
Extended Gateway Control Protocol Cisco Properties

MBGP
Multi-protocol BGP

PPTP
Point to Point Tunneling Protocol

GDP
Cisco Gateway Discovery Protocol

NetBIOS SPX To SMB
Sequenced Packet Exchange

TRANSPORT

SPX ll
Sequenced Packet Exchange

(ISO)

From IP

HSRP
Hot Standby Router

STUN
Cisco Serial Tunneling of SDLC header

RSRB
Remote Source Route Bridging Protocol

XOT
Cisco X.25 over TCP

NetBIOS-DG
(TC P/IP) Datagram Protocol ISO Transport

To MDLP

Lucent Wireless AEP
AppleTalk Echo Protocol

From IP RLP
Reliable Link Protocol

To DLSw TP0 TCP Comp
Compressed Transport Control Protocol

TP1
Transport Protocol Class 1

TP2
Transport Protocol Class 2

TP3
Transport Protocol Class 3

TP4
Transport Protocol Class 4

NBP
(AppleTalk) Name Binding Protocol

TCP
Transport Control Protocol

UDP
User Datagram Protocol

Transport Protocol Class 0

RLP
RADIO Link Protocol

SS7 Over IP SCMG
SCCP Management

From ISO DE To XTP VJC
VAN Jacobson Compression

3.5G Mobile IP HPR
High Performance Routing

APPN
Advanced Peer to Peer Networking

To VFRP IRDP To ISO TP
ICMP Router Discovery Protocol

Routing Protocols

Routing

Motorola Wireless MOBIS
Motorola Property

3COM 3G CESH
Channel Element Speech Handler 3COM 3rd Generation Protocol

WCMP
Wireless ICMP

EGP
Exterior Gateway Protocol

GRE
Generic Routing Encapsulation

IGMP
Internet Group Management Protocol

DVMRP
Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol

OSPF
Open Shortest Path First Protocol

Error (IPX) Echo (IPX)

To ND

RIP
(Novell) Routing Information Protocol

NLSP
Netware Link Services Protocol

3
NETWORK

i DEN
Motorola Property

CLNP
Connectionless Network Protocol

Routing

ICMP CCP RPL
Remote Program Load

PIM-DM
Protocol Independent Multicast Dense Mode

PIM-SM
Protocol Independent Multicast Sparse Mode

RSVP
Resource Reservation Protocol

RIP
(TCP/IP) Routing Information Protocol

GGP
Gateway to Gateway Protocol

Network Layer
• Last Network Services layer. • Data units are called packets. • Uses data link layer to ensure error free delivery of data. • Uses unique source and destination network addresses to route packets through the internetwork. • Provides flow and congestion control to prevent network resource (buffers, transmission links, etc.) depletion.

AURP
AppleTalk Update Routing Protocol

BAC/BACP
Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol

MIP From LAPD
Mobile IP

IuUP
Iu Interface User Plane

SCCP UMTS/GSM WIRELESS GPRS To IP GTP
GPRS Tunneling Protocol Signaling Connection Control Part

ISUP
ISDN Signaling User Part

Internet Control Message Protocol

RTMP
Routing Table Maintenance Protocol

NetBIOS NetBEUI

Path Control

Compression Control Protocol

IPX WAN NHRP
Next Hop Routing Protocol

3
ISO Routing

NETWORK

MOSPF
Multicast OSPF

VRRP
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol

IPinIP
IP within IP

LMP
Link Management Protocol

To SNMP To PPP
Internet Packet Exchange

From PPP From SDLC OSP To FTP, Telnet...
Optical Signaling Protocol

From UDP

RLC
Reliable Link Control

MTP3
Message Transfer Part Level 3

Cisco Properties

IPX

To IP

To QLLC

IP
Internet Protocol

E-IGRP
Cisco Enhanced IGRP

IGP
Internet Gateway Routing Protocol

IGRP
Internet Gateway Routing Protocol

RSRB
Remote Source Route Bridging Protocol

ORP
Optical Routing Protocol

To PPP From TCP From UDP SCTP
Simple Control Transmission Protocol

RIPv6 From X.25 From PPP
Routing Information Protocol

OSPFv6
Open Shortest Path First

ICMPv6
Internet Control Message Protocol

From X.25 From FDDI From Ethernet X.25
Packet Layer Protocol

DDP
Datagram Delivery Protocol

To SNA NLP

MPTN
AnyNet Multi-Protocol Transport Networking

SIP L3 SMDS
Interface Protocol Level 3

From LAPD

From SLIP CSLIP MAC
Address Resolution

IPv6
Internet Protocol

From Token Ring
Routing and Tunneling Protocols

Packet Switched Signaling between Public Networks

X.75

ES-IS
End System to Intermediate System Routing

IS-IS
Intermediate System to Intermediate System Routing

IDRP
IntraDomain Routing Protocol

To RI LLAP
LocalTalk Link Access Procedure

DLSw To SNA To SNA XID
Data Link Switching

AARP
Apple Talk Address Resolution Protocol

From SNA QLLC

From UDP

IBM RT
IBM RT Distributed Services Header

Medium Access Control

Signaling NNI Signaling UNI (ATM) Trailers
Berkeley Trailers Encapsulation

ARP
Address Resolution Protocol

RARP
Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

HDLC POS
PPP in HDLC-like framing

MPLS
Multi-Protocol Label Switching

PPPOE
Point-to Point Over Ethernet

XTP
Xpress Transfer Protocol

IPinIP
IP within IP

GMRP
802.1 GARP Multicast Registration Protocol

From LAPB
Other Properties

Wellfleet SRB
Wellfleet Source Route Bridging

SSP
Switch-to-Switch Protocol

From TCP

VIVID
Newbridge Routing Protocol

SDLC
Synchronous Data Link Control

From TCP

From TP4

Qualified Logical Link Control

FP
Framing Protocol

Q.2931 4.0

3.1 PNNI

IARP
Inverse Address Resolution Protocol

Cisco Propertties

MLP (X.25)
Multi-Link Protocol

SLARP Cisco
Serial Line Address Resolution Protocol

CDP
Cisco Discovery Protocol

CGMP
Cisco Group Management Protocol

DISL
Dynamic ISL

VTP
VLAN Trunk Protocol

ISL
Cisco Inter-Switch Link Protocol

SLE
Serial Like Encapsulation

2
DATALINK

Data Link Layer
• Second Network Services layer. • Blocks of data are called frames. • Ensures reliable and error-free data transfer across links between adjacent network nodes. • Links may be physical, e.g. point-topoint WAN, or a virtual link between two nodes on a multiaccess LAN. • Concerned with bit synchronization, recognizing end of block and detection and correction of bit errors, usually by retransmission. • Frames are composed of network layer packets and control information. • Control information may be in the form of headers or trailers. • Control information allows the receiving node to perform synchronization and error detection.

Internetwork Ethertype LLC 802.2
SNAP
Sub Network Access Protocol

From X.25

From LAPB

UNI 3.0 802.1 Spanning Tree TOH
Transport Overhead

To To Ethernet Token Ring SSCOP
Service-Specific Connection-Oriented Protocol

Airlink Security MNLP MNRP
Mobile Network Registration Protocol Mobile Network Location Protocol

PAP (PPP)
Password Authentication Protocol

To DRP To DDP
Control Protocols

CSCP
Cisco Systems Control Protocol

IPCP
Internet Protocol Control Protocol

2
Q.933
Annex A

Q.SAAL

LANE (ATM)
LAN Emulation

SLIP
Serial Line Interface Protocol

DATALINK

CHAP (PPP)
Challenge Handshake Protocol

802.2
Logical Link Control

SMT
FDDI Station Management

ILMI (ATM) LMI (SMDS)
Local Management Interface

To DS1 CES
Circuit Emulation Service

MPOA
Multi Protocol Over ATM

MPEG-2
Motion Picture Expert Group

Interim Local Management Interface

From CLNP SNDCP
Subnetwork-Dependent Convergence Protocol

MPPE
Microsoft P2P Encryption

BVCP
Banyan VINES Control Protocol

DNCP
DECnet Routing Protocol

IPXCP
Internetwork Packet Exchange Control Protocol

T1.617
Annex D

CLLM
Consolidated Link Layer Management

ASP (CDPD)
Accounting Services Protocol

GR-303 MLP (PPP)
Multi-Link Protocol

SVC (Frame Relay) Q.931
Switched Virtual Connection Control Message

OSINLCP
OSI Network Layer Control Protocol

ATCP
AppleTalk Control Protocol

XNSCP
XNS Control Protocol

IEEE 802.3 CSMA/CD
(Ethernet) Medium Access Control

MAC
(Token-Ring) Medium Access Control

RI
Source Routing Indicators

SMT
FDDI Station Management

IEEE 802.6

FDDI - MAC
Medium Access Control

DASS2 PRM LMI (Frame Relay)
Local Management Interface

Wellfleet PPP Router Bridge

HDLC
High-Level Data-Link Control

To X.25

To Ethernet

DXI (SMDS)
Data Exchange Interface

SIP L2 SMDS
Interface Protocol Level 2

From X.400 To TCP AAL1 From SMDS OAM (ATM)
Operations and Maintenance

To IP RRM
Radio Resource Management

PPP
Point-to-Point Protocol

DPNSS To Ethernet To Token Ring To FDDI LCP
Link Control Protocol

Performance Report Message

AAL2

AAL3/4

AAL5

PNNI (ATM)
Private Network-to-Network Interface

To CLNP To TCPComp DXI (ATM)
Data Exchange Interface

LAPB
Link Access Procedure Balanced

Ethernet DIX V2

IEEE 802.5
Token Ring 4/16 Mbps

IEEE 802.1p

FDDI
Fiber Distributed Data Interface 100 Mbps

DXI (Cisco)
Data Exchange Interface

FRAME RELAY LAPD
Link Access Procedure D Channel Link Access Procedure for Frame Mode Bearer Services (LAPF)

ATM Cells

MDLP
Mobile Data Link Protocol

From PPP BCP
Bridging Control Protocol

V, E, T Series

LAN

IEEE 802.1Q
Load balanced switch-to-switch trunking on VLAN

WAN
SIP L1 SMDS
Interface Protocol Level 1 PDH - G.804

ATM
To Frame Relay E1
2 Mbps

CDPD
From ISO TP MAC (CDPD)
Cellular Digital Packet Date Medium Access Control

ISDN
To LAPB To Frame Relay ISDN-D
16 Kbps BRI 64 Kbps PRI

Frame Relay
V.24 or RS-232
1.92 Mbps

HDLC
RS-530 V.11 or X.21 HSSI
High Speed Serial Interface

PHYSICAL

1

802.6 DQDB
Man Mac

Ethernet
50 ohm coax

100 VG-AnyLan

IEEE 802.3z
Gigabit Ethernet

V.35

Physical Layer
• First of three Network Services layers. • Concerned with the physical transmission of data bits. • Specific to the media, e.g. optical, copper, coax, RF, twisted pair, etc. • Specifies data signal encoding and magnitudes and physical connector specifications and pin outs. • Ensures that a bit entering at one end of the transmission media reaches the other end.

Thin Wire
50 ohm coax

10 BASE-T 10 BASE-5 10 BASE-2 10 BASE-F 10 BROAD 36 1 BASE-5 100 BASE-T 100 BASE-F

DS1
1.544 Mbps

V.36 or RS-449

DS3
45 Mbps

E3
34 Mbps

E1
2.048 Mbps

DS1
1.544 Mbps

Shielded Twisted Pair
4/16 Mbps

Fiber Optic
100 Mbps

Broadband
75 ohm coax

DS0 PLCP
64 Kbps

E3 PLCP
34.368 Mbps

SMDS

25 Mbps ATM To PPP DS2/J2
6.24 Mbps

DASS2/DPNSS
ISDN Variant Motorola & British Telecom

ISDN-B
64 Kbps

ISDN H0
384 Kbps

ISDN H11
1.536 Mbps

ISDN H12
Modem Standards

1

PHYSICAL

Unshielded Twisted Pair
4/16 Mbps

Twisted Pair SDDI
100 Mbps

E3
34 Mbps

Cellular Modems

V.21
AT&T 103 300 bps

V.22
AT&T 212 1200 bps

AT&T 209
9600 bps

V.22 bis
2400 bps

V.26
2400 bps

V.26 bis
2400 bps

DS1 PLCP
1.544 Mbps

DS3 PLCP
45 Mbps SDH/SONET

TAXI
100 Mbps

Fiber Optic
4/16 Mbps

Twisted Pair CDDI
100 Mbps

OC-1 E1 PLCP
2.048 Mbps 51.840 Mbps

STM-1 OC-3
155.52 Mbps

STM-4 OC-12
622 Mbps

STM-16 OC-48
2.488 Gbps

DS3
45 Mbps

DS4
140 Mbps

V.27 bis
4800 bps

V.29
9600 bps

V.32
9600 bps

V.33
14.4 bps

V.42

V.42 bis

When a single hour of network downtime can cost millions
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By internet, phone or fax, get assistance with all your Test and Measurement needs. Online assistance:

http://www.agilent.com/find/assist United States: (tel) 1 800 452 4844 Canada: (tel) 1 877 894 4414 (fax) (905) 282-6495 China: (tel) 800-810-0189 (fax) 1-0800-650-0121 Europe: (tel) (31 20) 547 2323 (fax) (31 20) 547 2390 Japan: (tel) (81) 426 56 7832 (fax) (81) 426 56 7840 Korea: (tel) (82-2) 2004-5004 (fax) (82-2) 2004-5115 Latin America: (tel) (305) 269 7500 (fax) (305) 269 7599 Taiwan: (tel) 080-004-7866 (fax) (886-2) 2545-6723 Other Asia Pacific Countries: (tel) (65) 375-8100 (fax) (65) 836-0252 Email: tm_asia@agilent.com

Product specifications and descriptions in this document subject to change without notice. © 2001 Agilent Technologies, Inc. Printed in USA August 2, 2001

*5968-3611E*
5968-3611E