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It has lead to the automation of vehicles, industries, machines etc. Due to this automation in mechanical field there has been revolutionary change in industrial production and quality of products. The automation is only possible due to robots, sensors, and control systems. Automation and robotics are two interrelated technologies. Robots industries are example of programmable automation. According to Robotics Industrial Association (RIA’s), “A robot is software controllable mechanical device that uses sensors to guide one or more end effort through a programmable motion in workplace in order to manipulate physical objects”. What brought about the resurrection of Industrial Automation? The answer is only better robot. Industrial robots are reducing costs, boosting productivity, and minimizing errors. Robotic system is being deployed in factories, buildings, cell phones, packaging, and even making cookies, welding work etc. This paper includes evolution of robotics, phases in robotics, different types of robots such as ASIMO robot, Walking robot, etc. relation between AI and robotics, case study and the most important its application.
Robotics brings together several very different engineering areas. First there is wood/metal/plastic working for the body. Then there is mechanics for mounting the wheels on the axles, connecting them to the motors and keeping the body in balance. Next you have electronics to power the motors and connect the sensors to the µcontrollers. At last you have the software to understand the sensors and drive the robot around. This Wikibook tries to cover all the key areas of robotics as a hobby. When possible examples from industrial robots will be addressed too. You'll notice very few "exact" values in these texts. Instead, vague terms like "small", "heavy" and "light" will be used. This is because most of the time you'll have a lot of freedom in picking these values, and all robot projects are unique in available materials.
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1 An Introduction to Robotics 2 Design Basics 3 Physical Construction 4 Components 5 Computer Control 6 Sensors 7 Navigation 8 Exotic Robots 9 Resources
9.1 Other Wikibooks
 An Introduction to Robotics Robotics is defined as the science or study of the technology associated with the design, fabrication, theory, and application of robots. All robots have three main components:
1. Sensors, which detect the state of the environment 2. Actuators, which modify the state of the environment 3. A control system, which controls the actuators based on the
environment as depicted by the sensors
In terms of Building and Design of a robot, all of these components can be found in the general definition of Mechatronics. There is no widely accepted definition of the term robot, but most proposed definitions require these components. Some definitions require mobility, autonomy, sentience, or sapience, while others do not. The various types of robot are usually classified by their capabilities. A device with autonomy does its thing "on its own" without a human directly guiding it moment-by-moment. What is a "robot" in this book? There isn't one exact definition, but there are 2 examples that capture most of what we see as a "robot". 1. Machine Pet: A machine, capable of moving in some way, that can sense its surroundings and can act on what it senses autonomously. Most of these robots have no real useful purpose, other than to entertain and challenge. These are also commonly used for experimenting with sensors, artificial intelligence, actuators and more. Most of this book covers this type of robot. 2. Autonomous Machine: A machine with sensors and actuators that can do some sort of work "on its own". This includes things like robotic lawmowers and vaccuum cleaners, and also self-operating construction machines such as CNC cutters. Most industrial and commercial robots fall in this category. What isn't considered a "robot" in this book? Pretty much everything you see on RobotWars; those are remote-controlled vehicles without any form of
autonomy. These devices use the same technologies decribed in this book, but aren't really in the scope of it. In short: If it has autonomy it's a robot (in this book). If it's remote controlled, it isn't.
What is DROS? DROS stands for Dave's Robotic Operating System and it is basic software modules needed for robotics. At the moment, the framework consists mainly of support functions for modular programming and modules for mobile robots. However, in the future the scope should expand and, of course, contributions are most welcome. DROS is open source and is distributed under the GNU Public License. This license was chosen because we want to advance the progress of robotics research and would like people all to contribute to the science of robotics by releasing their code.
List of basic robotics topics From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Robotics is the science and technology of designing, making, and applying robots, including theory from many contributing fields. A robot is an automated machine which follows instructions or which by design autonomously performs the actions expected of it without an operator. Instructions may be in the form of preprogramming, direct commands communicated in almost any form, or signals from an attached or remote controller