The Exhortation Given by Anthony Mary Zaccaria

October 4, 1534, feast of St. Francis of Assisi.

Anthony Mary exhorts his companions in the wake of bitter accusations, threats, and persecutions from evil and worldly people.

1. Our Persecutions: Pre-announced by Christ. We are fools for Christ's sake,” 2 said St. Paul, our most holy guide and patron, of himself, of the other Apostles, and of those who profess the Christian and apostolic faith. But there is no reason to be surprised or afraid, my dear brothers, if we are troubled by the snares and deceits of the devil, or by the open attacks and insults of people with minds set on earthly things.3 For “a disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master. If they persecuted me”—said our Teacher and Lord—“they will persecute you.”4 The world cannot help hating you; “if you were of the world, the world would love its own.”5 “Blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you [falsely] on account of me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven.”6 As you well

know, our Savior and heavenly Teacher foretold that similar things would happen to us, so that we would not be surprised as if they were new and unexpected. He confirmed it by His example, so that we would not fear to experience them as being unbearable. However, those who persecute us are hurting themselves, because they provoke God's wrath against themselves. At the same time they benefit us, because they enhance our crown of eternal glory. 2. Our Attitude in the Face of Persecutions We, therefore, instead of hating and detesting them, have to pity them and love them. Indeed, we have to pray for them 7 and, as our Apostle warns us, we should not allow evil to control us but instead we should conquer it with good and heap on their heads acts of mercy as so many burning coals 8 of charity, so that they, seeing our patience and confounded in their iniquity, may return to a better life and be inflamed with God's love.

The Advantages of Patience As for us, God in His mercy has taken us, though unworthy, out of the world, so that we may serve Him, advancing from virtue to virtue, and through patience, bear abundant fruits of charity, boasting not only of the hope of God's children but also of our afflictions. For we know “that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope, and hope does not disappoint us.”9 3. The Example of Jesus Christ and of St. Paul But what is there so great and worthy of admiration, my brothers, if the worldly scorn us for being fools for Christ's sake, and persecute us when Christ Himself, the very Son of God and God's Wisdom, willed to be treated as a fool and be scorned and despised for our sake? And didn't our Apostle—the most excellent Doctor of the Nations—show himself and the other Apostles, as we have already said, a pattern of derision for us when he said, “We are fools for Christ's sake [...] when slandered, we try to conciliate.”10 Are we, perhaps, wiser than the Apostles? Are we perhaps, or do we claim to be, in a better position than Christ? Is there anyone of us who thinks he is wiser than the others? But if someone is that wise, let him become a fool that he may become wise.11 4. Our Vocation: A Participation in the Suffering of Christ Well then, “consider your own calling, brothers,”—I speak to you with the very words of the Apostle,—“not many of you were wise by human standards, not many were powerful, not many were of noble birth. Rather, God chose the foolish of the world to shame the wise, and God chose the weak of the world to shame the strong, and God chose the lowly and despised of the world, those who count for nothing, to reduce to nothing those who are something.”12 Consider your own calling, my dear brothers. If we examine it carefully, we would easily recognize that this is what it demands of us. As we have started to follow, though from afar, in the footsteps of the Holy Apostles and of the other Knights of Christ, so let us not refuse to share in their suffering; bearing these trials which are much lighter than theirs. As a result, just as in times past, the Catholic Church, despite the hardest persecutions she had to endure, did not diminish in number, but rather increased more and more; so this little part of her body will not be weakened by outrages, but will increase if we endure; and while it is subjected to hardships, it will grow stronger. By walking on this road, the holy Martyrs, the glorious Confessors, and all the Saints of God, after having gone through fire and water,13 reached heaven. And “indeed all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted.”14 5.

6. The Model Offered by the Liturgy of the Day: St. Francis of Assisi Let us look, among others, at St. Francis whose feast day we are celebrating, “so that we may not loathe imitating that which we delight in celebrating.”15 In him, in fact, as if in a mirror, there shine the most splendid example of Christian patience, profound humility, and, above all, the most ardent charity. Oh, how ready was he to accept reproaches! How strong in despising himself and the world! How firm when offended, how joyous when scorned! How prepared at enduring the most painful things for the love of Christ! He welcomed all kinds of abuses as the most precious jewels sent him from heaven; to him offenses were far more precious than praises; suffering for Christ's sake was more desirable than being happy in the world. Now he sits the higher and more glorious in heaven, the humbler and more despicable he was to his own eyes and the eyes of others while on earth. Let us then, beloved brothers, imitate this saint, and let it not be a burden for us to follow in our own life and conduct the one we venerate with religious devotion and honor with praises. 7. Conclusion: St. Paul, Our Father and Guide: And, concluding with the Apostle, let us run with perseverance “the race that lies before us while keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the leader and perfecter of faith. For the sake of the joy that lay before him he endured the cross, despising its shame, and has taken his seat at the right of the throne of God. Consider how he endured such opposition from sinners, in order that you may not grow weary and lose heart. In your struggle against sin you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding blood.”16

And let us also “commend ourselves, as servants of God, in every way: through great endurance, in afflictions, hardships, calamities, beatings, imprisonments, tumults, labors, watching, hunger; by purity, knowledge, forbearance [...] with weapons of righteousness for the right and for the left, in honor and dishonor, in ill repute and good repute, as impostors and yet true.”17 Therefore, since we have chosen such an Apostle as guide and father and have committed ourselves to follow him, let us strive to put into practice his doctrine and his example. It would not be proper that in the ranks of such a captain there should be soldiers who are cowards and traitors, or that the children of such a great father should be degenerate.

_____________ NOTES:
One of these religious, Fr. Battista Soresina (1512-1601) who had treasured this famous speech in his heart, and could later on repeat it almost word for word, did enact it to our second–generation Fathers, among them Fr. Giovanni Antonio Gabuzio (1551-1627), our first official historian, who paraphrased it in elegant Latin in his History of the Clerics Regular of St. Paul (Rome: Salviucci, 1852) 52-56. 2. 1Cor 4:10. 3. cf. Phil 3:19. 4. Jn 15:20. 5. Jn 15:19. 6. Mt 5:11–12. 7. cf. Mt 5:44. 8. cf. Rom 12:20–21. 9. Rom 5:3–5.

10. 1Cor 4:10ff. 11. cf. 1Cor 3:18. 12. 1Cor 1:26–28. 13. cf. Ps 66:12. 14. 2 Tm 3:l2. 15. PL 39.2161. 16. Heb 12:1–4. 17. 2Cor 6:4–8.