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Claudia Avila M. Novoa English1302 March 22, 2011 Aikman, Troy. "The best should be able to rest." The Sporting News 18 Jan. 2010: 57. General OneFile. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. Troy Aikman, a Professional Football Hall of Fame quarterback, and a regular contributor to the Sporting News, examines the Indianapolis Colts' decision to pull Peyton
Manning and some other starters in the third quarter of their game against the New York Jets. The decision by the coach angered lots of fans due to the fact that the Colts wound up suffering their first loss of the season. Aikman does agree with the teams decision though. He feels that even though the Colts lost, it is more important to minimize the risk of injury. The relevance of the article is the fact that injury can shorten a professional athletes career. Troy Aikman gives an inside look into what most National Football League teams have to deal with when trying to keep their starting players healthy enough to endure sixteen regular season games as well as playoffs. Whether it be angry fans, a critical media, or the National Football Leagues competition committee, there will always be someone out there to question a coachs decision to bench a starter in order to keep them healthy.

Barth, Jeffrey T, et al. "Neuropsychological evaluation in the diagnosis and management of sports-related concussion." Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 22.8 (2007): 909-916. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 8 Mar. 2011. This study was created by the RSM Psychology Center in order to inform the reader about the effects of concussions sustained by athletes involved in contact sports. The article describes what a concussion is and how it occurs. It also describes that while most recover quickly, there is concern that re-injury could occur if the sufferer does not allow for adequate recovery time. Also, athletes who have experienced multiple concussions risk long-term effects. The study states that concussions are very common in professional, as well as amateur sports, and that proper evaluations should be made when dealing with concussions. The study is very relevant in the fact that professional athletes need to take into consideration their health and well being. Athletes have a higher risk of injury than most other occupations. Concussions are so common in contact sports in this day and age that helmets have been upgraded to better protect players. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 201011 Edition, Athletes, Coaches, Umpires, and Related Workers, on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos251.htm (visited March 20, 2011). The site describes the role of an athlete an employee. It describes training, the qualifications required, and opportunity for advancement. It statistically outlines projection data as well as earnings for 2008. As far as earnings are concerned, they are broken down Cunningham, Michael. "Players Pay Price for Booming NFL." Sun-Sentinel (Ft. Lauderdale, FL). Feb. 29 2004: 1C+. SIRS Researcher. Web. 20 Mar 2011. Michael Cunningham, a sport columnist with the Sun-Sentinel in Fort Lauderdale Florida, begins his article by comparing the job security between the National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, and the National Football League. Unfortunately, because the National Football League is the most popular sport, it essentially gives itself the power not to guarantee the same types of contracts that a basketball or baseball player would procure. Cunningham exposes just how far behind professional football players are

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compared to their fellow professional athletes when it comes to contracts and union agreements. This is a prime example of how Businesses like the National Football League exploits its football players for their own benefit. But there is the plain and simple fact that football is a contact sport. The likelihood of injury in baseball and basketball do not compare to a football player. Football players suffer more injuries than most professional sports combined. Guarneri, Brandon. "X-ray: MF's ongoing examination of what athletes put their bodies through." Men's Fitness Oct. 2007: 54. General OneFile. Web. 22 Mar. 2011 Brandon Guarneri highlights the injuries suffered by professional baseball catcher Paul Lo Duca. Guarneri describes Lo Ducas position as a bigger risk for injury than most in baseball. At press, Lo Duca continued to persevere as a big-league catcher. His has been an all-star for three different clubs, and became a crucial component for the New York Mets as they strove to win the World Series. The main focus of this article is how Lo Duca has had to deal with the many injuries hes sustained throughout his career. Hes had to deal with muscle tears, a cyst that grew after broken hand, and numerous head injuries sustained one right after the other. The injuries would normally sideline a regular person. It would be easy to assume that Paul Lo Duca is insane to go through all that misery. Is it because of his love of the game, or the plain and simple fact that the job pays well. H. A., S. "The athlete's plight." Nutrition Health Review: The Consumer's Medical Journal 71 (1994): 4. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 6 Mar. 2011. Henry A. Solomons short article, which was published in The Consumers Medical Journal, paints a picture of the various types of injuries that are sustained by athletes. He maps out more specific injuries suffered by tennis players, skiers, and amateur, as well as marathon runners in his article. Unfortunately, he does not extend his research to include football, basketball, or baseball players. The author tends to focus on injuries related to runners, particularly the lower part of the body. The only mentioned upper body part is in relation to tennis elbow. There really isnt mention of high impact injuries such as concussions, muscle tears, and broken bones. There is also no reference to professional sports injuries, which in the end, does not help very much as far as the related research is concerned. Even though this article does not essentially help in the research it lends relevance to the repetitive injuries athletes in general suffer. Leitch, Will. "The Markup on Manning; The Giants quarterback's new contract, said to be the richest in NFL history, may really be a bargain." New York (Oct 5, 2009): NA. General OneFile. Gale. El Paso Community College. 29 Mar. 2011. "LeBRON'S GONE. Whether the Cavs' surprisingly robust ticket renewals still lead to big crowds is less certain." Crain's Cleveland Business 6 Sept. 2010: 1. General OneFile. Web. 29 Mar. 2011. McGrath, Ben. "DOES FOOTBALL HAVE A FUTURE?." New Yorker 86.46 (2011): 41. TOPICsearch. EBSCO. Web. 20 Mar. 2011. The article discusses head injuries and concussions among professional football players in the National Football League. McGrath begins by recounting how his father used to take him to high school football games. He then goes through the history of injuries related to football as well as the rising public awareness of the dangers associated with the violence of the sport. Alot of the credit for the publics increased awareness of the injuries would go to Alan Schwarz, whom was a career baseball writer. The article goes into great detail in

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relating how excessive collisions can lead to chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Other topics in this article include reforms to the game of football itself, better helmet technology, and the future of the National Football League. The fact that The article does help in the related research because it gives an inside look at what football players endure for the money they earn. Maese, Rick. "For Many Athletes, Life After the Game Can Be a Living Nightmare." Orlando Sentinel (Orlando, FL). Feb. 29 2004: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 20 Mar 2011. Rick Maese Walks the reader down a path that very few people get to see. It is the path of the retired professional athlete. He describes how few retirees are able to transition to media relations, coaching, and even successful business opportunities. Then there are the majority of people whom dont handle the transition very well. They go into poor business ventures that fall apart. Some studies says that within two years of retirement, three-quarters of athletes either are divorced, unemployed or bankrupt. Others battle depression or physical pain related to a demanding professional sports career. Some resort to drug use, while others turn to crime. In the end, these people wind up in prison, homeless, or dead. This article shows how quickly the fame and fortune related to professional sports can disappear. Talk of retirement is taboo in the locker room. Some players compare retirement to death. Nation, A., N. Nelson, E. Yard, R. Comstock, and L. McKenzie. "Football-Related Injuries Among 6- to 17-Year-Olds Treated in US Emergency Departments, 19902007. " Clinical Pediatrics 50.3 (2011): 200. ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source, ProQuest. Web. 2 Mar. 2011. The authors in this article begin by stating the obvious. Football happens to be the most popular sport in America, even though there are a high number of injuries related to the sport. Although studies in the past have investigated football injuries, they were focused on organized play. No study had ever covered unorganized as is done in this study. The article gives valuable information and statistical data of the injuries sustained by adolescents. It also presents the need to find a way to better protect the children from such injuries. This article really shows the type of conditioning and determination that most athletes require to make it in the National Football League. In a sense, it statistically shows what most of the public either doesnt know, or ignores altogether. That is the fact that most football players put their physical well being aside in order to make it to the professional level. Thomaselli, Rich. "Over $12 billion could be sidelined if NFL lockout puts end to 2011 season; Forget the players and owners; networks, sponsors, websites, fantasy leagues, sports bars and stadium workers will be real losers." Advertising Age 82.2 (2011): 3. General Reference Center Gold. Web. 04, March 2011. The author breaks down the effects that the National Football League has on everything from the networks to the fans. He begins by giving the economic losses that any company associated with the National Football League could sustain. Network executives, sports book directors, and bar managers all weigh in on their potential losses if the lockout does go into effect. This article really shows how much economic power the National Football League holds. There is another article that was cited in this bibliography that concurs how the National Football League controls what team owners, as well as players can and cannot do. This article in particular goes beyond that. It shows how an empire such as the National Football League can economically destroy business whom solely depend on

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them by locking out its players. The article gives a face to the many entities that are affected by the current war between the National Football League and its players. Wood, Anthony R. Phila, Pa. N.J. Tax Visiting Athletes Salaries. The Philadelphia Inquirer 01,December 2009. LexisNexis Academic. Web. 02, March 2011. As a staff writer for The Philadelphia Inquirer, Anthony R. Wood describes the difficulty professional athletes have in figuring their income taxes when the athletes play in various taxing states. The author begins by providing the windfall each state garnishes when a star such as Alex Rodriguez or Payton Manning plays in each taxing state. The author also goes into the breakdown of what type of taxes could be levied on each visiting professional athlete. The article gives a view of what professional athletes are required to pay in taxes whether they play in Dallas, Texas or Los Angeles, California. When a professional athlete asks for millions of dollars to play for a team, no one sees the cost of playing in these states. As a matter of fact, the players themselves have such a hard time figuring out what they owe, they are forced to hire financial consultants. The article also provides rationale as to why athletes demand so much in compensation. Wylleman, P., and A. Reints. "A lifespan perspective on the career of talented and elite athletes: Perspectives on high-intensity sports." Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 20.(2010): 88-94. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 22 Mar. 2011. Most professional sports athletes will be confronted during as well as after their athletic career with transitional challenges that will impact the course and progress of their athletic development. This article provides an in depth description of a lifespan model showing a whole career/whole person concept of career transitions in the professional athletic career. Then four specific career transitions are highlighted in the development of talented and elite athletes are detailed with special attention for high-intensity sports. Finally, perspectives are formulated on future lifespan research and the provision of career support services in high intensity sports. The research data further points out the sacrifice a professional athlete makes in order to excel in his given sport.