Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

© Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. G229-9054. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. read the information in “Notices” on page 55. . duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. Z125–5823. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. 2011. “Safety notices” on page v.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 . . 12 . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . Supported RAID levels . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . 13 . Disk array capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . Error state . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . .

. . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 . . . .

a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. 2011 v . English publications. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. English publication to install. or data. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. If this requirement applies to your country. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. 2010. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U.S. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. Before using a U. or service this product.S. © Copyright IBM Corp. device. English source. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages.S. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. operate. system. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet.

water. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. or structural damage. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. Turn on the devices. 3. moving. To remove all hazardous voltages. 5. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). or opening covers on this product or attached devices. telephone. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. disconnect all power cords. 4. 4. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. networks. To Disconnect: 1.DANGER When working on or around the system. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. Attach the power cords to the outlets. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . maintenance. Attach all cables to the devices. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. v Disconnect the attached power cords. and communication cables are hazardous. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. 3. telecommunications systems. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. Remove the power cords from the outlets. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. 2. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. 2. and modems before you open the device covers. v When possible.

front. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. v (For sliding drawers. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. (R001) Safety notices vii . v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. v (For fixed drawers. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection.

doors. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . drawers. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. shelves. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. If this configuration is not known. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet.). Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. or equivalent. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. v If a long-distance relocation is required. and cables are secure. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. When possible. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above.

CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. or laser module. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. (C026) Safety notices ix . to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. Outside the U. DVD-RAM drive. DVD-ROM drive. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers.. which are Class 1 laser products. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information.S. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product.S. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.

These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. and avoid direct exposure to the beam.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. do not view directly with optical instruments. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. For this reason. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. Do not view directly with optical instruments. Do not stare into the beam. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. and 2BD9 cards. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2BE1.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. 2011 1 . February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. 57CD. 2BE1. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. 2010. and 57CF cards.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. 2011 3 . – Background data scrubbing. and optical devices. tape. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. © Copyright IBM Corp. – Background parity checking. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. 2010. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. There are also images of adapters for you to view. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. General information is intended for all users of this product. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters.

RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. RAID System 63. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. one physical link to DVD drive. 6. RAID 6.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. system mirroring Up to 1. 6.Table 1. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . The controller contains battery-backed cache. 3. 2. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. Figure 1. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. 4. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers.Table 1. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache.

Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3.Figure 2. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . There are also images of adapters for you to view. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays.

Table 2. RAID 61. RAID 6. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. RAID RAID 5. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. RAID 6. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 .Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . system 61. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5.

Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 4. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .

Figure 6. CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .

Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.

The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. enclosures.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. expanders. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. a disk). Physical links are contained in SAS ports. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. One differential signal transmits in one direction. A connection enables communication to a device. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. and expanders. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. which contain one or more physical links. it is a narrow port. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. Port 6 connects to an expander. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. If there is only one physical link in the port. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. and I/O device ports. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices.

Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. If a disk failure occurs. If a disk failure occurs. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. If a part of the RAID system fails. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. If a single drive fails within an array. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy.Figure 10. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations.

the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. The parity data is spread across all the disks. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. is spread across all the disks. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. The P and Q parity data. If a second disk fails. you can continue to use the array normally. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. There are also images of adapters for you to view.

RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. you can continue to use the array normally. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. If a third disk fails. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array.Figure 12. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks.

94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. and write performance for each RAID level.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. usable disk capacity. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. read performance.The following information provides data redundancy. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. but has lower capacity. Table 3.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

For the latest fixes and updates.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. go to the Support & downloads website. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. Table 4. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. 2010. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 7. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i.1. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. see Fix Central.1 or later1 IBM i 6. verification.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. cumulative package media.1. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i. The adapter runs onboard microcode. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. the requisite software support must be installed.1. and search by entering your system type and controller type. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. For the latest PTF group. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. 2011 17 .

1 or later1 IBM i 6. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .1.1 or later1 1.Table 4.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1. distributed.1. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements.

enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. To view the SAS disk information and status. operating status. Using techniques. and protection status. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. typically flash memory. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. model. 2010. © Copyright IBM Corp. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. and details. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. capacity. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. to emulate HDDs. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. serial number. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. status. 2011 19 . The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data.

v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. RAID 6. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. known as RAID and SSD adapters. v Some adapters. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. or by system mirroring. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs.

Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. Table 5. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. There are also images of adapters for you to view. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. © Copyright IBM Corp. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Disk protection with dual storage.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2011 21 . 2010. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations.

Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 13. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14.

Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. to the optimized controller. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. The controllers communicate with each other. When the original primary controller comes back online. For all dual storage IOA configurations. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. and switch roles. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. such as creating a disk array. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. For example. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . it becomes the secondary controller. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. it switches roles to become the primary controller.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. one controller functions as the primary controller. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. At any given time. through the SAS fabric. compare device information. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache).

6. 3. 4. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. SAS controller functions. 5. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 1. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. IOPs. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. Table 6. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 2.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. 2. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations.

. . . : Controller . : Cache size (MB) . . : Resource name . . . . . : More. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Not used 127 Device . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Serial number . . . . : I/O adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . . . . : Storage . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . : Part number . . . : I/O bus . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . : Type-model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . . . . . . : System bus System board . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. : PCI bus . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. AT cables are used. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. For additional details on how to set up a configuration.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. To see details about each individual adapter. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. press Enter. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure.

If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. 4. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. installation of the Cache RAID . Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. and so forth) to be created. 6. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode).Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. This can significantly affect performance. parity set. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. To change the parity set optimization. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. When creating disk arrays. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. The other controller contains the passive path. which causes only a slight impact to performance. As a result. For these configurations. 2. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. set the parity set optimization to Performance. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. see Changing parity set optimization. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. For controllers with write cache.

1. 3.Figure 15. Dual storage IOA optimization. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. 2. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. complete the following steps.. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Press Enter to continue. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display..

3. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. To avoid problems during installation. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. 2. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. 4. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. complete the following steps.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. IOPs. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. press Enter. follow the steps exactly as written.. 6. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 .. 5. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. view the active or passive path role for a controller. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options.

“Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 5. 2. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. 6. 4. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. 3. For instructions. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. 7. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration.1. as applicable. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. Power on your system or partition. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition.

and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. type strsst. On the command line. However. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. Error Log Analysis. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. if the disks are members of a disk array. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). To help avoid controller and disk array problems. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. Press Enter. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. and when appropriate. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. forcing a rechargeable battery error. 1. 2011 31 . No system shutdown is required. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. rechargeable cache battery pack. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. 2010. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. 2. for a removable cache card. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. button-shaped batteries. Before attempting a disk movement. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. © Copyright IBM Corp. which is a small rectangular card with round.

.10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . . .3. : Actual type-model . select Hardware Service Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . select Start a Service Tool. . . . . . . . . . : Power-on time (days) . c. . Press Enter. . On the Start a Service Tool display. : Serial number . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . . . . . : Planar ID . . . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . . . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. On the Hardware Service Manager display. : Unit ID . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . . . . . . . 4. . . b. : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . . . . . Press Enter. . . . . . . . . . . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. Press Enter.001. . : : battery pack . . . . . . . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. a. . . . . : Card . . . . . . Battery Information Resource name . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. Select Display battery information. Press Enter. . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . : Battery type . . .

v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. in units of days. To prevent possible data loss. in units of days. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. in units of days. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. in units of days. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced.

Press Enter. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display.” 7. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Press Enter. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. Press Enter. c. Press Enter. 5. Press Enter. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. a. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. 2. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. On the Start a Service Tool display. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. and press the function key that confirms your choice. 1. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. select Start a Service Tool. d. type strsst. If it does not indicate yes. On the hardware Service Manager display. see “Replacing a battery pack. Press Enter. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. On the command line. For a list of replacement procedures. replace the cache battery pack. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. To resume normal operations. 6. 3. e. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. select Hardware Service Manager. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 4.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. b. b. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. Press Enter.

For information. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Attention: To prevent data loss. If the cache data present LED is flashing. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. v Do not touch solder joints. To avoid possible explosion. v Handle the device carefully. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. pins. The plug connects to the board in only one way. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. 3. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. (If your device is a controller. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Remove the controller from the system. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. 2. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. 1. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. To avoid damage. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. do not burn. If it is necessary to set the device down. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. place it component-side up. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. or exposed printed circuitry. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. See your system documentation for instructions.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. place it on its static-protective package.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. holding it by its edges or its frame. In the United States. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. call 1-800-426-4333. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug.

d. Install the new battery pack. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. f. 5. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter.Figure 16. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. 8. e. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. place the pen on top of rivet (C). If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. From the back of the adapter. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. 6. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. c. b. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. 7.

locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). 1. Reinstall the adapter. Figure 17. If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. 4. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . See Displaying rechargeable battery information.9. 3.

Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. do not continue. If the cache data present LED is flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. If it is flashing. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. b. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack.a. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. and remove it from the controller. Press Enter. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. 1. Figure 18. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost.

Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. 1. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. 4. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. do not continue. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a.3. If the cache data present LED is flashing. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. b. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. If it is flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. Press Enter. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.

7.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. b.3. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. Figure 20. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. 6. After the battery is seated in the connector. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. Press Enter. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. 4. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced.

Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. For more information. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. 3. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. therefore. Remove the controller from the system. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. 2. In addition. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. The plug connects to the board in only one way. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. Before servicing or installing any features. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. For more information.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. see Control panel LEDs. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller.

pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. secured by standoffs with retaining pins.Figure 21. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. To remove the battery assembly. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. 5. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins.

For more information. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . 7. carefully follow this procedure. complete the following steps. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). 1. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. Replacing the cache battery 6.Figure 22. 8. Label both sides of the card before separating them. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache.

loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. Figure 23. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. and carefully pull the connector apart. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . To prevent possible card damage. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. then. Figure 24. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. as shown in the following figure.2.

Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. To disengage the mounting pegs. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. Figure 26. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs.Figure 25. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs.

Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. To reassemble the cards.Figure 27. To prevent possible card damage. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . After the connector is seated correctly. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. Unseating the connector 7. 8. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. When connecting the two adapters together. Figure 28.

Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. 3. Return to the procedure that sent you here. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. Figure 29. See PCI adapters. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . 10. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. This ends this procedure. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. perform the following steps: a. 2. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. 1. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. Remove the adapter from the system.C Screws 9.

Figure 30. Figure 31. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Lifting the levers 4. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position.

SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . Reinstall the adapter in the system.Figure 32. See PCI adapters . 8. 9. Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. Figure 33. Using the device access finger openings (C). Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder.

2. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. return to that procedure. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. 3. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. Select SAS Resource Path Information. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information.10.

Figure 35. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View). SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . Figure 36. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Table 8.

Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following.Table 8. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. Figure 37. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures.

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following. For SAS Fabric Path Data View.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 .

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. This risk. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. system failures. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. and products. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. and ibm. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated.shtml. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. or both. In addition. Users who experience unplanned outages. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. however. the IBM logo. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. To illustrate them as completely as possible. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device.. other countries.ibm.com/legal/copytrade. brands. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks.This information is for planning purposes only. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. power fluctuations or outages. companies. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. cannot be eliminated. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. Trademarks IBM. the examples include the names of individuals. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022.ibm. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. VCCI Statement . including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. 71139 Ehningen. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. including interference that may cause undesired operation. this product may cause radio interference. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.generates. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. In a domestic environment. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.com Warning: This is a Class A product. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. uses.

in which case. radio interference may occur. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures. the user may be required to take corrective actions. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Warning: This is a Class A product. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action.This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council.People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .

Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein.CE . EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. Um dieses sicherzustellen. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben.zu führen. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . Notices 59 . der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. New Orchard Road Armonk.ibm. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. 71139 Ehningen. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . uses. This equipment generates. However. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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