Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. “Safety notices” on page v. G229-9054. Z125–5823. 2011. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. read the information in “Notices” on page 55. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . .Class A Notices . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 . Class B Notices . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program.S. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. English publication to install. © Copyright IBM Corp. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product.S. 2010. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. operate. 2011 v . If this requirement applies to your country. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. English source. device. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages.S. or service this product. or data. Before using a U. English publications. system. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet.

To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. maintenance. and communication cables are hazardous. 4. v When possible.DANGER When working on or around the system. 3. moving. 2. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). Remove the signal cables from the connectors. 2. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. Turn on the devices. v Disconnect the attached power cords. telecommunications systems. networks. 5. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. telephone. water. To remove all hazardous voltages. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . disconnect all power cords. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). and modems before you open the device covers. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. To Disconnect: 1. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. Remove the power cords from the outlets. Attach all cables to the devices. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. 3. or structural damage. Attach the power cords to the outlets. 4. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire.

CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. v (For fixed drawers. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. (R001) Safety notices vii . v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. front. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. v (For sliding drawers. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack.

complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. and cables are secure. shelves. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. When possible. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position.). If this configuration is not known. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . drawers. or equivalent. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. v If a long-distance relocation is required.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. doors. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level.

Outside the U. (C026) Safety notices ix .S.S. DVD-ROM drive. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. DVD-RAM drive. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. which are Class 1 laser products. or laser module. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive.

The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). Do not view directly with optical instruments. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. For this reason. Do not stare into the beam. do not view directly with optical instruments. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. Note the following information: laser radiation when open.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. and 57CF cards. 57CD. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. 2BE1. 2011 1 . v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. © Copyright IBM Corp. and 2BD9 cards. 2010. 2BE1.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. 2010. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. © Copyright IBM Corp. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. – Background parity checking. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. and optical devices. General information is intended for all users of this product. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. 2011 3 . and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. tape. – Background data scrubbing.

double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. one physical link to DVD drive. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5.Table 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. 6. 6. RAID 6.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. system mirroring Up to 1. RAID 6. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. RAID System 63.

Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. 4. The controller contains battery-backed cache. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Figure 1. 3. 2. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU).Table 1.

There are also images of adapters for you to view. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 2. CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3.

RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. RAID 61.Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. RAID RAID 5. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 .Table 2. RAID 6. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . system 61.

Figure 4. CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Figure 6. CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .

CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 8. CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.

An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. it is a narrow port. Port 6 connects to an expander. a disk). A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. which contain one or more physical links. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). A connection enables communication to a device. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. and expanders. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. If there is only one physical link in the port. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. One differential signal transmits in one direction. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . If an I/O device supports multiple ports. and I/O device ports. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. expanders. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. enclosures. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction.

If a part of the RAID system fails. If a disk failure occurs. If a single drive fails within an array. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways.Figure 10. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. If a disk failure occurs. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Not all controllers support all RAID levels. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data.

There are also images of adapters for you to view. The parity data is spread across all the disks. is spread across all the disks. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. you can continue to use the array normally. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. If a second disk fails. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. The P and Q parity data. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. There are also images of adapters for you to view. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible.

RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity.Figure 12. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. you can continue to use the array normally. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. If a third disk fails. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array.

Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. but has lower capacity. Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance.The following information provides data redundancy.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. read performance. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. usable disk capacity. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. and write performance for each RAID level. Table 3.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

1.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. and search by entering your system type and controller type. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite.1 or later1 IBM i 6. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. go to the Support & downloads website. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. For the latest PTF group.1 or later1 IBM i 7.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. The adapter runs onboard microcode.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 6. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. verification. cumulative package media. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. 2011 17 . this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. the requisite software support must be installed.1. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. Table 4. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode.1. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. For the latest fixes and updates. 2010. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. see Fix Central.

1 or later1 1. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged.1. distributed.1. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements.Table 4.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.

HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. typically flash memory. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. 2010. Using techniques. to emulate HDDs. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. capacity. © Copyright IBM Corp. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. 2011 19 . SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. and details. To view the SAS disk information and status. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. and protection status. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. model. status. operating status. serial number.

RAID 6.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. v Some adapters. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. or by system mirroring. known as RAID and SSD adapters. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array.

This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Disk protection with dual storage. Table 5. 2011 21 . © Copyright IBM Corp. 2010. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. There are also images of adapters for you to view.

Figure 13. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.

one controller functions as the primary controller. through the SAS fabric. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. such as creating a disk array. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. At any given time. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. to the optimized controller. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. The controllers communicate with each other. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. it switches roles to become the primary controller. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. compare device information. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). For all dual storage IOA configurations. For example. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. it becomes the secondary controller. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. When the original primary controller comes back online.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. and switch roles. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller.

“Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. 2. 4.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. 2. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 1. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. 5. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 6. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. SAS controller functions. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. 3. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. IOPs. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Table 6. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector.

. : . . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . . : Serial number . . . . . . . . . . : Storage . . . . . . . . . : PCI bus . . . : Type-model . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . : I/O adapter . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . : System bus System board . : Not used 127 Device . : I/O bus . . . . : More. . . .. . . . . . . .. : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Part number . . . . . . . . . . : Controller . : Resource name . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. To see details about each individual adapter. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. press Enter. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. AT cables are used. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options.

It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. 2. For these configurations. and so forth) to be created. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. 6. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. This can significantly affect performance. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. which causes only a slight impact to performance. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. To change the parity set optimization.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. For controllers with write cache. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. see Changing parity set optimization. installation of the Cache RAID . When creating disk arrays. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. The other controller contains the passive path. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. 4.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. As a result. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. parity set. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. set the parity set optimization to Performance. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration.

Dual storage IOA optimization. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units... Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. 2. 3. 1. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. complete the following steps. Press Enter to continue. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters.Figure 15.

Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. follow the steps exactly as written.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab.. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration.. IOPs. 6. complete the following steps. press Enter. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. 3. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. 4. 5. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. To avoid problems during installation. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. 2. view the active or passive path role for a controller. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options.

4. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26.1. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 2. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. 6. 7. 5. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. For instructions. 3. as applicable. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Power on your system or partition.

forcing a rechargeable battery error. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. No system shutdown is required. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. However. if the disks are members of a disk array. for a removable cache card. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. 2. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. and when appropriate. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. which is a small rectangular card with round. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. rechargeable cache battery pack. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. 1. 2011 31 . Error Log Analysis. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. Before attempting a disk movement. 2010. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. Press Enter. button-shaped batteries. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. © Copyright IBM Corp. type strsst. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. On the command line. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used.

a. . . . . . . Press Enter. . : Planar ID . . . . . . . . : Serial number . : Actual type-model . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . .001. . . . . . . . . . . . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . On the Start a Service Tool display. select Start a Service Tool. . . . . . . . . . . . Select Display battery information. . . . . . b. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . . . Press Enter. . . : Power-on time (days) . . . . Press Enter. . . . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . .3. . . : Card .10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . . 4. .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . . . c. . . . . . . Battery Information Resource name . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . : : battery pack . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . . . . select Hardware Service Manager. . . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . . . . . . . : Battery type . . . . . : Unit ID . . . . . . . Press Enter.

Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. in units of days. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. To prevent possible data loss. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. in units of days. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. in units of days. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. in units of days. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged.

Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. On the hardware Service Manager display. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. On the Start a Service Tool display. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. 2. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. Press Enter. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. Press Enter. If it does not indicate yes. 4. d. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. and press the function key that confirms your choice. For a list of replacement procedures. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . select Hardware Service Manager. c. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Press Enter. type strsst. a. Press Enter. replace the cache battery pack. 5. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Press Enter. 3. b. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 6. On the command line. see “Replacing a battery pack. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. Press Enter. b. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. select Start a Service Tool. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. e. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. Press Enter.” 7. 1. To resume normal operations. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs.

This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. See your system documentation for instructions. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. holding it by its edges or its frame. The plug connects to the board in only one way. v Handle the device carefully. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. place it on its static-protective package. If it is necessary to set the device down. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. pins. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. If the cache data present LED is flashing. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. 3. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. For information. 1. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . To avoid possible explosion. call 1-800-426-4333. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Attention: To prevent data loss. v Do not touch solder joints. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. or exposed printed circuitry. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. To avoid damage. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. In the United States. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. Remove the controller from the system. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. 2. do not burn. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. (If your device is a controller. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. place it component-side up.

b. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. 5. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. 7. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. e. f. From the back of the adapter. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). c. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. 6. Install the new battery pack. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. d. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. place the pen on top of rivet (C). follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter.Figure 16. 8.

1. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). Reinstall the adapter. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Figure 17. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 .9. 3. 4. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2.

and remove it from the controller. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. 1. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab.a. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. If it is flashing. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Figure 18. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. Press Enter. do not continue. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. b. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started.

Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. If it is flashing. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. b. See Displaying rechargeable battery information.3. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. 4. If the cache data present LED is flashing. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. 1. do not continue. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. Press Enter. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector.

40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. 7.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 4. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Figure 20. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller.3. 6. After the battery is seated in the connector. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Press Enter. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. b. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack.

Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. The plug connects to the board in only one way. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. 3. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . see Control panel LEDs. Remove the controller from the system. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. Before servicing or installing any features. therefore. For more information. In addition. For more information. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. 2.

pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 21. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. To remove the battery assembly. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. secured by standoffs with retaining pins. 5. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place.

carefully follow this procedure. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache.Figure 22. complete the following steps. For more information. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Replacing the cache battery 6. 7. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. 1. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. Label both sides of the card before separating them. 8.

then. To prevent possible card damage. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. Figure 23. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . 572F/575C card set adapter 3. After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Figure 24. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23.2. as shown in the following figure. and carefully pull the connector apart. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface.

Figure 26. Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 .Figure 25. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. To disengage the mounting pegs. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up.

Figure 27. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. Figure 28. After the connector is seated correctly. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. To reassemble the cards. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. To prevent possible card damage. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . When connecting the two adapters together. Unseating the connector 7. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . 8.

This ends this procedure. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. 3. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. 1. See PCI adapters. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. 10. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. Figure 29.C Screws 9. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Return to the procedure that sent you here. perform the following steps: a. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Remove the adapter from the system. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. 2. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation.

firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. Figure 31. With the lever (A) in the vertical position.Figure 30. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. Lifting the levers 4. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5.

Figure 32. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. 8. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Reinstall the adapter in the system. Figure 33. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. See PCI adapters . Using the device access finger openings (C). SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. 9.

return to that procedure. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1.10. 2. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. Select SAS Resource Path Information. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. 3. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information.

Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Table 8. SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table.Figure 35. Figure 36. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).

Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following.Table 8. Figure 37.

For SAS Fabric Path Data View. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 . choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. power fluctuations or outages. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. Users who experience unplanned outages. This risk. the IBM logo. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure.shtml.This information is for planning purposes only. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. and products. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. cannot be eliminated. the examples include the names of individuals. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. and ibm. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. companies. brands. system failures. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. or both. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. however. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose.com/legal/copytrade. If you are viewing this information in softcopy.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. In addition. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. other countries. To illustrate them as completely as possible. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available.ibm. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. Trademarks IBM.

in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. In a domestic environment. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. including interference that may cause undesired operation. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. VCCI Statement . Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.ibm. uses. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 .generates. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations.com Warning: This is a Class A product. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. 71139 Ehningen. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. this product may cause radio interference. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment.

In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Warning: This is a Class A product. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . radio interference may occur. in which case. the user may be required to take corrective actions.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above.This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment.

Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen. Um dieses sicherzustellen. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A.zu führen. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement ." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. Notices 59 .CE .

may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . New Orchard Road Armonk. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. However. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. This equipment generates. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits.ibm.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. uses. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. 71139 Ehningen. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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