Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

read the information in “Notices” on page 55. G229-9054. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. Z125–5823. . US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. “Safety notices” on page v. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. 2011.

. . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . 14 . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performance considerations . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions .Class A Notices . . . 60 . . . . . . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . .

English publication to install.S. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet.S.S. device. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. English publications. 2011 v . Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. or data. If this requirement applies to your country. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. 2010. English source. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. operate. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. or service this product. Before using a U. system.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. © Copyright IBM Corp.

Turn on the devices. 2. To remove all hazardous voltages. networks. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. v When possible. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. 4. Attach the power cords to the outlets. maintenance. Attach all cables to the devices. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. disconnect all power cords. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. moving. water. 4. and modems before you open the device covers. Remove the power cords from the outlets. or structural damage. and communication cables are hazardous. 3. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. telephone.DANGER When working on or around the system. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). To Disconnect: 1. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). 2. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. 5. telecommunications systems. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. 3. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. v Disconnect the attached power cords. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets.

v (For fixed drawers. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. v (For sliding drawers. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. (R001) Safety notices vii . front. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time.

shelves. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. doors. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. and cables are secure. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. When possible. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. drawers. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. or equivalent. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. v If a long-distance relocation is required. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. If this configuration is not known. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet.). Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet.

to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. Outside the U. which are Class 1 laser products. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation.S. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. DVD-ROM drive.S. DVD-RAM drive.. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. or laser module. (C026) Safety notices ix .(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U.

CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. do not view directly with optical instruments. For this reason. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. Do not view directly with optical instruments. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. Do not stare into the beam. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring.

February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. 2BE1. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 57CD. © Copyright IBM Corp.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. and 2BD9 cards. 2BE1. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. and 57CF cards. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 2010. 2011 1 . v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

– Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. © Copyright IBM Corp. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 2010. tape. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. General information is intended for all users of this product. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. 2011 3 . The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. – Background data scrubbing. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. – Background parity checking. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. and optical devices. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device.

RAID 6. 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53.Table 1. system mirroring Up to 1.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. RAID System 63. RAID 6. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. one physical link to DVD drive.

4. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. The controller contains battery-backed cache. Figure 1. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . 2. 3. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU).Table 1. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller.

CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays.Figure 2. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. RAID 6. RAID 6. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. system 61. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. RAID 61. RAID 6. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. RAID RAID 5.Table 2.

Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. Figure 4. CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .

Figure 6. CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .

CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 8.

The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. enclosures. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. expanders. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. it is a narrow port. which contain one or more physical links. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. and expanders. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. One differential signal transmits in one direction. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. If there is only one physical link in the port. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. A connection enables communication to a device. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. a disk). The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. and I/O device ports. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . Port 6 connects to an expander. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction.

different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. If a single drive fails within an array.Figure 10. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. If a disk failure occurs. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. If a part of the RAID system fails. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. If a disk failure occurs. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks.

RAID level 5 also writes array parity data.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. The P and Q parity data. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. you can continue to use the array normally. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. If a second disk fails. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. is spread across all the disks. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. The parity data is spread across all the disks. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. There are also images of adapters for you to view. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view.

RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array.Figure 12. you can continue to use the array normally. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. If a third disk fails. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information.

and write performance for each RAID level. read performance. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 .94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . Table 3. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance.The following information provides data redundancy. but has lower capacity.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. usable disk capacity.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

cumulative package media. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 7. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website.1. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. 2011 17 .Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 6. go to the Support & downloads website. 2010. For the latest PTF group. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. Table 4. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. see Fix Central. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF.1. and search by entering your system type and controller type. verification. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. The adapter runs onboard microcode. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. the requisite software support must be installed. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6.1.1 or later1 IBM i 6. For the latest fixes and updates.

1.Table 4.1 or later1 IBM i 6. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .1 or later1 IBM i 6. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code.1.1 or later1 1. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements.1. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged. distributed. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.

The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. status. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. 2011 19 . v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. and details. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. typically flash memory. To view the SAS disk information and status. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. to emulate HDDs. and protection status. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. Using techniques. serial number. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. capacity. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). operating status. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. model. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. © Copyright IBM Corp.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. 2010. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head.

An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. known as RAID and SSD adapters. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. or by system mirroring. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. RAID 6. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. v Some adapters. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices.

Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. Table 5. Disk protection with dual storage. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2010. 2011 21 . Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. There are also images of adapters for you to view. © Copyright IBM Corp. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations.

Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 13. Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.

v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. through the SAS fabric. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. For all dual storage IOA configurations. For example. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. it switches roles to become the primary controller. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. one controller functions as the primary controller. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. to the optimized controller. When the original primary controller comes back online. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. compare device information. At any given time. and switch roles. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. it becomes the secondary controller. such as creating a disk array. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. The controllers communicate with each other. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur.

“PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. 5. SAS controller functions. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. 6. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. 1. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 2. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. IOPs. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. 2. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. 3. There are also images of adapters for you to view. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. Table 6. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. 4. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller.

. . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . : . . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . : Storage . . . . . . . . . . . : System bus System board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : I/O bus . . . . . . . : PCI bus . . . . . . . . . . . . : Not used 127 Device . . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Resource name . . . . . : Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Serial number . . : Type-model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . : Part number . : More. . . . . . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . : Operating mode . . . . . . . .. . . . . . : I/O adapter . . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . . .

see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. AT cables are used. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. press Enter. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. To see details about each individual adapter. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . For additional details on how to set up a configuration. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. This provides redundancy similar to X cables.

For these configurations. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. For controllers with write cache. 4. see Changing parity set optimization. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. parity set. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. installation of the Cache RAID . Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. As a result. 2. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. To change the parity set optimization. and so forth) to be created. set the parity set optimization to Performance. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. which causes only a slight impact to performance. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. The other controller contains the passive path. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. When creating disk arrays. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. This can significantly affect performance. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. 6. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration.

Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. 3.Figure 15. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. complete the following steps. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 2.. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. 1.. Dual storage IOA optimization. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. Press Enter to continue.

Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. 6.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. 5. To avoid problems during installation. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. 2. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. follow the steps exactly as written. 3. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. 4. IOPs. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. complete the following steps. press Enter. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration.. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 .. view the active or passive path role for a controller. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.

Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. 2. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers.1. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. 7. 4. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Power on your system or partition. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. as applicable. For instructions. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 5. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. 6. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. 3. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B.

If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. Press Enter. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. which is a small rectangular card with round.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. 2. 2011 31 . forcing a rechargeable battery error. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. No system shutdown is required. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. Before attempting a disk movement. if the disks are members of a disk array. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. Error Log Analysis. However. 2010. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. 1. and when appropriate. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. type strsst. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. button-shaped batteries. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. for a removable cache card. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. rechargeable cache battery pack. On the command line. © Copyright IBM Corp. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks.

. .3.10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. . . . . . . : Actual type-model . On the Start a Service Tool display. . . . . select Start a Service Tool. . . . . . . : Card . . . . . . . . . Press Enter. . . . a. Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . Press Enter. . : Unit ID . . . . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . Press Enter. . . . . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . . select Hardware Service Manager. : Serial number . . . . . : Power-on time (days) . . . . . . . . . . . : Battery type . . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . : : battery pack . . Battery Information Resource name . . . . . . . . . . . . . b. c. 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . : . . : Planar ID . . . . Select Display battery information. . . . . . . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . . . 4. . . . . . . . . . . .001. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. Press Enter. . . .

Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. in units of days. To prevent possible data loss. in units of days. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. in units of days. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. in units of days.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement.

This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. b. replace the cache battery pack. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. Press Enter. d. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. On the command line. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. and press the function key that confirms your choice. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. On the Start a Service Tool display. Press Enter. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. Press Enter. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. select Hardware Service Manager. b. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. If it does not indicate yes. a. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set.” 7. Press Enter. Press Enter. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Press Enter. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. To resume normal operations. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. c. For a list of replacement procedures. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 6. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. On the hardware Service Manager display. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 5. 3. see “Replacing a battery pack. type strsst. Press Enter. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. select Start a Service Tool. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. 1. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. 2. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. 4. e. On the System Service Tools (SST) display.

v While the device is still in its antistatic package. If it is necessary to set the device down. Attention: To prevent data loss. To avoid damage. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. or exposed printed circuitry. To avoid possible explosion. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. holding it by its edges or its frame. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. 3. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. place it on its static-protective package.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. 2. v Handle the device carefully. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. For information. do not burn. See your system documentation for instructions. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Remove the controller from the system. The plug connects to the board in only one way. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. call 1-800-426-4333. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. In the United States. pins. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. place it component-side up. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. If the cache data present LED is flashing. v Do not touch solder joints. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. (If your device is a controller. 1.

f. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. 8. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . d. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. b. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out.Figure 16. 7. 5. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. 6. place the pen on top of rivet (C). but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. Install the new battery pack. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. From the back of the adapter. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. e. c. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter.

Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. 4. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. Figure 17. Reinstall the adapter. If the cache data present LED is flashing. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. 3. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A).9. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 1.

verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. b. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. do not continue. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. Figure 18. and remove it from the controller. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Press Enter. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. 1. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. If the cache data present LED is flashing.a. If it is flashing. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack.

Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. If it is flashing. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started.3. b. do not continue. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. 4. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. Press Enter. 1.

move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 6. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Press Enter. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. After the battery is seated in the connector. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. b. 7. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. Figure 20. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack.3. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. 4.

Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. 2. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. see Control panel LEDs. 3. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. The plug connects to the board in only one way. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. In addition. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . Remove the controller from the system. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. For more information. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. For more information. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Before servicing or installing any features. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. therefore.

To remove the battery assembly. 5. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. secured by standoffs with retaining pins. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4.Figure 21.

SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. complete the following steps. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. Label both sides of the card before separating them. 7. For more information. Replacing the cache battery 6. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. 8. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette.Figure 22. carefully follow this procedure. 1. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge.

572F/575C card set adapter 3. then. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. Figure 23. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. To prevent possible card damage. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . and carefully pull the connector apart.2. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . After all five retaining screws have been loosened. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. as shown in the following figure. Figure 24. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23.

Figure 26. To disengage the mounting pegs.Figure 25. Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 .

8. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. To reassemble the cards.Figure 27. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . After the connector is seated correctly. Unseating the connector 7. When connecting the two adapters together. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To prevent possible card damage. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. Figure 28. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs.

10. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. See PCI adapters. Return to the procedure that sent you here. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Figure 29. perform the following steps: a. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. This ends this procedure. 1. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. Remove the adapter from the system. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 .C Screws 9. 2. 3. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails.

Lifting the levers 4. Figure 31. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 30. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors.

Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. Figure 33. See PCI adapters . Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder.Figure 32. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Reinstall the adapter in the system. Using the device access finger openings (C). 9. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. 8. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 .

If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. return to that procedure. 3. Select SAS Resource Path Information. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. 2. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1.10. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information.

Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View.Figure 35. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View). Table 8. Figure 36.

Table 8. Figure 37. Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 .For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. For SAS Fabric Path Data View. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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com/legal/copytrade. This risk. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. brands.ibm. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . In addition. system failures. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. however. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. the IBM logo. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. Trademarks IBM. To illustrate them as completely as possible. cannot be eliminated. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. companies..shtml. and products. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure.This information is for planning purposes only. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. power fluctuations or outages. and ibm. or both. Users who experience unplanned outages. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. the examples include the names of individuals. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. other countries. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.

European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. this product may cause radio interference. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. In a domestic environment. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. including interference that may cause undesired operation. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. 71139 Ehningen. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference.com Warning: This is a Class A product. and can radiate radio frequency energy and.generates. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. VCCI Statement . uses. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits.ibm.

Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . in which case. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures. Warning: This is a Class A product. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . radio interference may occur. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment.This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. the user may be required to take corrective actions.

in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden.CE .Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. Notices 59 . Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden.zu führen. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. Um dieses sicherzustellen. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen.

v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. 71139 Ehningen. New Orchard Road Armonk. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. This equipment generates. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. uses.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.ibm. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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