Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

. 2011. Z125–5823. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. “Safety notices” on page v. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. G229-9054. read the information in “Notices” on page 55.

. . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . Disk array capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . . 13 . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . 19 . . . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . 60 . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

S.S. or data. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. operate. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. or service this product. English source. Before using a U. device. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U.S. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. 2010. English publications. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. 2011 v . If this requirement applies to your country. © Copyright IBM Corp. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. English publication to install. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. system.

Remove the power cords from the outlets. water.DANGER When working on or around the system. To remove all hazardous voltages. v Disconnect the attached power cords. telecommunications systems. v When possible. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . telephone. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. Turn on the devices. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. 3. and communication cables are hazardous. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. and modems before you open the device covers. 5. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. 4. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. Attach the power cords to the outlets. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). 2. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. or structural damage. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. moving. disconnect all power cords. Attach all cables to the devices. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. 3. networks. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. 2. 4. maintenance. To Disconnect: 1. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord.

) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. v (For sliding drawers.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. front. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v (For fixed drawers. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. (R001) Safety notices vii . v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack.

CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. drawers. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. v If a long-distance relocation is required. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards.). and cables are secure. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. If this configuration is not known. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. doors. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. When possible. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. or equivalent. shelves. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads.

which are Class 1 laser products.S. DVD-ROM drive. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.S.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. DVD-RAM drive.. (C026) Safety notices ix . v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. or laser module. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. Outside the U. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation.

The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. and avoid direct exposure to the beam.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. Do not stare into the beam. do not view directly with optical instruments. For this reason. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Do not view directly with optical instruments. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

2BE1. 2011 1 . v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. and 57CF cards.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. 2BE1. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. 2010. and 2BD9 cards. 57CD. © Copyright IBM Corp. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

– Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. General information is intended for all users of this product. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. and optical devices.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. © Copyright IBM Corp. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. tape. 2011 3 . Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. – Background data scrubbing. – Background parity checking. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. 2010.

one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. 6.Table 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5. one physical link to DVD drive. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. 6. system mirroring Up to 1. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . RAID 6. RAID System 63. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. RAID 6.

but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. 4. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. 3. The controller contains battery-backed cache.Table 1. 2. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). Figure 1. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card.

Figure 2. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

RAID 6. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6.Table 2. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. RAID 6. system 61.Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. RAID 61. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. RAID 6. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. RAID RAID 5.

CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5. Figure 4.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers.

CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .Figure 6.

Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.

The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. If there is only one physical link in the port. which contain one or more physical links. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. it is a narrow port. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. One differential signal transmits in one direction. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. a disk). while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). If an I/O device supports multiple ports. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. A connection enables communication to a device. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. expanders. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. enclosures. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. and expanders. and I/O device ports. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. Port 6 connects to an expander.

This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks.Figure 10. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. If a disk failure occurs. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . If a disk failure occurs. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. If a part of the RAID system fails. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. If a single drive fails within an array. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data.

There are also images of adapters for you to view. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. The P and Q parity data. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. If a second disk fails. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. is spread across all the disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. The parity data is spread across all the disks. you can continue to use the array normally. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks.

A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible.Figure 12. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. If a third disk fails. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. you can continue to use the array normally. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks.

and write performance for each RAID level. but has lower capacity. read performance. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. Table 3. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% .89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. usable disk capacity.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6.The following information provides data redundancy.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. and search by entering your system type and controller type. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. 2010. For the latest PTF group. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. verification. cumulative package media. see Fix Central.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. Table 4.1. The adapter runs onboard microcode. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i. 2011 17 .1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation.1. go to the Support & downloads website. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF.1 or later1 IBM i 6. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. For the latest fixes and updates.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6.1 or later1 IBM i 7. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i.1. the requisite software support must be installed.

1 or later1 IBM i 6. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support.1 or later1 1.1.Table 4.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . distributed.1. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements.

Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. and details. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. Using techniques. 2011 19 . Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. operating status. to emulate HDDs. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. and protection status. serial number. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. To view the SAS disk information and status. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. status. typically flash memory. capacity. © Copyright IBM Corp. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. model. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. 2010.

See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. RAID 6. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. v Some adapters. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. or by system mirroring. known as RAID and SSD adapters.

2010. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Disk protection with dual storage. Table 5. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 21 .

22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 13. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.

Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. one controller functions as the primary controller. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. For example. compare device information. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. and switch roles. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. For all dual storage IOA configurations. At any given time. When the original primary controller comes back online. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. such as creating a disk array. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. to the optimized controller. it switches roles to become the primary controller. it becomes the secondary controller. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. The controllers communicate with each other. through the SAS fabric. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic.

“PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 2. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. 4. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . IOPs. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. 1. There are also images of adapters for you to view. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. Table 6. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. 3. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. 5. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. 6. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. SAS controller functions. 2. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu.

. . . : System bus System board . . . . . . . . . . : Type-model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Not used 127 Device . . . . . . . : Storage . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . : PCI bus . . . : Serial number . . : More. . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Part number . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Operating mode . : Controller . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : I/O bus . . : I/O adapter . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . : Resource name . . . .

v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. AT cables are used. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. To see details about each individual adapter. press Enter. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive.

The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. To change the parity set optimization. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. and so forth) to be created. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. 6. As a result. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. installation of the Cache RAID . parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. When creating disk arrays. For controllers with write cache. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. parity set. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. For these configurations. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. This can significantly affect performance. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. set the parity set optimization to Performance. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . The other controller contains the passive path. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. see Changing parity set optimization.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). which causes only a slight impact to performance. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. 4. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. 2. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path.

3. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. complete the following steps. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 2.Figure 15. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. Dual storage IOA optimization. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Press Enter to continue.. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display.. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. 1.

Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 3. 6. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 5. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 4. view the active or passive path role for a controller. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. To avoid problems during installation. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. press Enter. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. complete the following steps. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu.. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. 2. IOPs. follow the steps exactly as written.. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More.

2. 4. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. 3. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To prevent errors while connecting the cables.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. 7. Power on your system or partition. For instructions.1. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. 5. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. 6. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. as applicable. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26.

if the disks are members of a disk array. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. button-shaped batteries. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. Error Log Analysis. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. 2. On the command line. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. rechargeable cache battery pack. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. Press Enter. 2011 31 . © Copyright IBM Corp. Before attempting a disk movement. type strsst. for a removable cache card. However. 1. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. and when appropriate. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. 2010. No system shutdown is required. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. forcing a rechargeable battery error. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. which is a small rectangular card with round.

: Serial number . . . . . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. . . .001. . . . . : Planar ID . . . . . 4. . . . . . .3. . . . . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . select Hardware Service Manager. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a. : Actual type-model . Press Enter. : . . . . . . . Press Enter. . . . b. . . . . . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . : Unit ID . . . . Select Display battery information. . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . . . . . . . . . c. . Press Enter. . . . . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . . . . . . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . . select Start a Service Tool. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . . . . On the Start a Service Tool display. Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . . . .10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . : Card . . . : Battery type . . . . : Power-on time (days) . . : : battery pack . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . . . Press Enter. . . Battery Information Resource name .

v Cache data present LED stops flashing. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. in units of days. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. To prevent possible data loss. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. in units of days. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. in units of days. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. in units of days. of the rechargeable cache battery pack.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack.

This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. b. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. a. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. If it does not indicate yes. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. 5. On the command line. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. For a list of replacement procedures. replace the cache battery pack. On the hardware Service Manager display. and press the function key that confirms your choice. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. Press Enter. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. b.” 7. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. 4. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. 1. select Start a Service Tool. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. To resume normal operations. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. d. e. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Press Enter. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. 2. Press Enter. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. Press Enter. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. 3. Press Enter. Press Enter. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. select Hardware Service Manager. see “Replacing a battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. 6. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. type strsst. Press Enter. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. c. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. On the Start a Service Tool display. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.

do not burn. place it on its static-protective package. Remove the controller from the system. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. If it is necessary to set the device down. (If your device is a controller. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. To avoid possible explosion. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. place it component-side up. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. 3. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. 2. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. See your system documentation for instructions. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. 1. Attention: To prevent data loss. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. pins. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. For information. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. call 1-800-426-4333. v Do not touch solder joints. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. v Handle the device carefully. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. or exposed printed circuitry. To avoid damage. In the United States. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. If the cache data present LED is flashing. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. The plug connects to the board in only one way. holding it by its edges or its frame.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 .

Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. 7. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. 6. e. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. place the pen on top of rivet (C). Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. b. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. 8. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. f. 5. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. c. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. d. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. From the back of the adapter. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. Install the new battery pack.Figure 16. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter.

Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). Figure 17. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Reinstall the adapter. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.9. 1. 3. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. 4. See Displaying rechargeable battery information.

Press Enter. b. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. do not continue. If it is flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2.a. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. If the cache data present LED is flashing. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. 1. and remove it from the controller. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Figure 18. See Displaying rechargeable battery information.

Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Press Enter. do not continue. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. b. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. 1. 4. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. If it is flashing. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started.3. If the cache data present LED is flashing.

4. 7. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. Figure 20. b. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller.3. 6. After the battery is seated in the connector. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Press Enter.

Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. In addition. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. 2. see Control panel LEDs. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. The plug connects to the board in only one way. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . Remove the controller from the system. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. For more information. 3. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. For more information. therefore.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. Before servicing or installing any features. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure.

42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . secured by standoffs with retaining pins. 5. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4.Figure 21. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. To remove the battery assembly.

Replacing the cache battery 6.Figure 22. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. 1. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. complete the following steps. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. 8. 7. carefully follow this procedure. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. For more information. Label both sides of the card before separating them. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP).

After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .2. as shown in the following figure. Figure 24. Figure 23. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. To prevent possible card damage. and carefully pull the connector apart. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23. then.

Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. To disengage the mounting pegs. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. Figure 26. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up.Figure 25. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card.

carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . Unseating the connector 7. 8. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. To prevent possible card damage. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . After the connector is seated correctly. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them.Figure 27. To reassemble the cards. When connecting the two adapters together. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. Figure 28.

3. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. Figure 29. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. See PCI adapters. 2. Remove the adapter from the system. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. Return to the procedure that sent you here. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . 1. This ends this procedure. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. perform the following steps: a. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter.C Screws 9. 10.

48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. Figure 31. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. Lifting the levers 4.Figure 30. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. With the lever (A) in the vertical position.

Figure 32. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Reinstall the adapter in the system. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. Figure 33. See PCI adapters . Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. 8. 9. Using the device access finger openings (C). SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position.

Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. 3. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen.10. 2. Select SAS Resource Path Information. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. return to that procedure.

SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).Figure 35. Table 8. Figure 36. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 .

The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following.Table 8. Figure 37. Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems.

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 .For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following. For SAS Fabric Path Data View.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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. This risk. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. or both. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.shtml.This information is for planning purposes only. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer.ibm. power fluctuations or outages. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. system failures. companies. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. In addition. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. brands.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. and products. Users who experience unplanned outages.com/legal/copytrade. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. To illustrate them as completely as possible. cannot be eliminated. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. other countries. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. Trademarks IBM. however. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. and ibm. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. the IBM logo. the examples include the names of individuals.

European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules.com Warning: This is a Class A product. VCCI Statement . Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. including interference that may cause undesired operation. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations.generates. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. In a domestic environment. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. 71139 Ehningen. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product.ibm. uses.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. this product may cause radio interference. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. may cause harmful interference to radio communications.

In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. in which case. Warning: This is a Class A product.This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. the user may be required to take corrective actions. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. radio interference may occur.

Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. Notices 59 . Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. Um dieses sicherzustellen. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben.zu führen.CE .

Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. This equipment generates. However. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. uses. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. 71139 Ehningen. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1.ibm. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. New Orchard Road Armonk. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

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Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

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SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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