Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. “Safety notices” on page v. 2011. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. G229-9054. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. Z125–5823. . read the information in “Notices” on page 55. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models.Note Before using this information and the product it supports.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . 17 Verifying the controller software . Supported RAID levels . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . 55 Trademarks . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Class A Notices . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . Terms and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

system. or service this product. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition.S. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. operate. Before using a U. 2011 v . If this requirement applies to your country. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. or data. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. English source. device. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. English publications.S. English publication to install. © Copyright IBM Corp. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. 2010.S.

4. Remove the power cords from the outlets. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. Turn on the devices. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). or opening covers on this product or attached devices. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . water. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. 4. Attach the power cords to the outlets. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. To Disconnect: 1. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. Attach all cables to the devices. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. v Disconnect the attached power cords. 2. moving. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). telecommunications systems. telephone. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.DANGER When working on or around the system. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. To remove all hazardous voltages. and communication cables are hazardous. 3. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. networks. disconnect all power cords. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. or structural damage. 5. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. and modems before you open the device covers. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. 3. maintenance. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. 2. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. v When possible.

Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. (R001) Safety notices vii . v (For fixed drawers. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. front. v (For sliding drawers. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. To provide the correct power connection to a rack.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces.

repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. When possible.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. v If a long-distance relocation is required. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. shelves. or equivalent. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. If this configuration is not known. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. and cables are secure. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .). Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. drawers. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. doors. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets.

Outside the U. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information.. DVD-RAM drive. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. or laser module. (C026) Safety notices ix .S. which are Class 1 laser products. DVD-ROM drive.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.S.

do not view directly with optical instruments. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. For this reason. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Do not view directly with optical instruments.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. Do not stare into the beam.

2BE1. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. 57CD. © Copyright IBM Corp. and 2BD9 cards. 2BE1. 2010.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. and 57CF cards. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 2011 1 . v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

– Background parity checking. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. 2011 3 . – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. © Copyright IBM Corp. General information is intended for all users of this product. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. and optical devices. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. tape. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. – Background data scrubbing. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. 2010. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. There are also images of adapters for you to view.

one physical link to DVD drive. RAID 6. RAID 6. RAID System 63. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. 6. 6.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . system mirroring Up to 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5.Table 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5.

The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . 2. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. 3. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). The controller contains battery-backed cache. 4.Table 1. Figure 1.

Figure 2. There are also images of adapters for you to view. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays.

Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5.Table 2. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. RAID 61. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. system 61. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . RAID 6. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. RAID RAID 5. RAID 6.

Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 4.

CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .Figure 6.

CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. A connection enables communication to a device. and I/O device ports. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. One differential signal transmits in one direction. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. and expanders. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. which contain one or more physical links. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. Port 6 connects to an expander. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. it is a narrow port. a disk). An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. enclosures. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. If there is only one physical link in the port. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). expanders. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port.

the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. If a disk failure occurs. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. If a single drive fails within an array. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. If a disk failure occurs. If a part of the RAID system fails. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 10. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails.

the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. There are also images of adapters for you to view. There are also images of adapters for you to view. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. The parity data is spread across all the disks. you can continue to use the array normally. If a second disk fails. The P and Q parity data. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. is spread across all the disks. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible.

the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. you can continue to use the array normally. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk.Figure 12. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. If a third disk fails. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity.

Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. usable disk capacity. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . read performance.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. but has lower capacity. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. Table 3. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. and write performance for each RAID level. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail.The following information provides data redundancy. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% .

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

1. 2011 17 . CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6.1 or later1 IBM i 6. The adapter runs onboard microcode. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller.1. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation.1. go to the Support & downloads website. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. Table 4. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. the requisite software support must be installed. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. see Fix Central. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 6. For the latest fixes and updates. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. cumulative package media.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. verification. and search by entering your system type and controller type. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation.1 or later1 IBM i 7. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. For the latest PTF group. 2010.

It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support.1. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1 or later1 IBM i 6. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements. distributed.1.Table 4. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .1. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.1 or later1 1.

operating status. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. © Copyright IBM Corp. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. and details. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. To view the SAS disk information and status. to emulate HDDs. capacity. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. typically flash memory. 2010. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. and protection status. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). status. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. 2011 19 . model. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. Using techniques. serial number. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields.

See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. RAID 6. or by system mirroring. v Some adapters. known as RAID and SSD adapters. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs.

Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2011 21 . This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. There are also images of adapters for you to view. © Copyright IBM Corp. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. Disk protection with dual storage. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Table 5. 2010.

Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.Figure 13. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

an automatic transition (failover) occurs. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. it becomes the secondary controller. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. and switch roles. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. For all dual storage IOA configurations. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. For example. At any given time. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. such as creating a disk array. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. When the original primary controller comes back online. one controller functions as the primary controller. it switches roles to become the primary controller. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. The controllers communicate with each other. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. compare device information. to the optimized controller. through the SAS fabric.

Table 6. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. 5. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. IOPs. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . There are also images of adapters for you to view. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. 1. 3. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 4. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. SAS controller functions. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. 2. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 6.

: Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . . . . . . : Not used 127 Device . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . . . . . . : I/O adapter . . . : Part number . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. : Storage . : System bus System board . . . . : Controller . . . . . . . . . : More. . . . . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . : I/O bus . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . . . . . . . : Resource name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : . : Serial number .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Type-model . . . . . . . : PCI bus . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . . . .

To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. AT cables are used. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. press Enter.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. To see details about each individual adapter. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive.

6. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. For these configurations. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. For controllers with write cache. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. This can significantly affect performance. parity set. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. which causes only a slight impact to performance. set the parity set optimization to Performance. installation of the Cache RAID . 4. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . see Changing parity set optimization. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. As a result. and so forth) to be created. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. 2. To change the parity set optimization. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. When creating disk arrays. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. which also causes only a slight impact to performance.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. The other controller contains the passive path.

Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units.Figure 15. Dual storage IOA optimization. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters.. complete the following steps. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. 2. 3. 1. Press Enter to continue.. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu.

Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown.. 5. complete the following steps.. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. 6. 4. To avoid problems during installation. 2. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. view the active or passive path role for a controller. IOPs. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. 3. press Enter. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. follow the steps exactly as written.

Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. 3. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. as applicable. 6. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .1. 5. Power on your system or partition. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. 2. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. For instructions. 7. 4. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied.

Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. button-shaped batteries. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. and when appropriate. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). Press Enter. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. for a removable cache card. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. forcing a rechargeable battery error. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. 2011 31 . be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. if the disks are members of a disk array. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. 1. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. 2010. On the command line. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. However. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. 2. © Copyright IBM Corp. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. rechargeable cache battery pack. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. Error Log Analysis. which is a small rectangular card with round. Before attempting a disk movement. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. No system shutdown is required. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. type strsst.

. . . . : Actual type-model . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . . . 4. . . . . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . . . . . . . . . . . c. Press Enter. . .001. . Select Display battery information. . . . . . : Unit ID . . Battery Information Resource name . . . . . . . . . . . . : : battery pack . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . On the Start a Service Tool display. select Hardware Service Manager. . . . . . . . . . . : Serial number . a. . : Battery type . . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . b. . . . . . : Card . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Press Enter. . . . . . . : Power-on time (days) . . . . Press Enter.10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . : Planar ID . . . . . . . . . . . Press Enter. . . . . . select Start a Service Tool. . . . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. : . . . . . .3. .

Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. in units of days. in units of days. in units of days. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. in units of days. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. To prevent possible data loss.

select Hardware Service Manager. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . On the command line. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. Press Enter. and press the function key that confirms your choice. a. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. 4. d. b. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. 6.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. see “Replacing a battery pack. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. replace the cache battery pack. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. If it does not indicate yes. To resume normal operations. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. Press Enter.” 7. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. e. Press Enter. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. 3. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Press Enter. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. type strsst. 5. For a list of replacement procedures. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. Press Enter. On the Start a Service Tool display. Press Enter. 1. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. Press Enter. c. On the hardware Service Manager display. select Start a Service Tool. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. 2. b. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started.

3. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. For information. If it is necessary to set the device down. call 1-800-426-4333. See your system documentation for instructions. To avoid possible explosion. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. or exposed printed circuitry. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. In the United States. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. place it on its static-protective package. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. 1. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. 2. Remove the controller from the system. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. pins. v Handle the device carefully. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 .) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. The plug connects to the board in only one way. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. (If your device is a controller. do not burn. v Do not touch solder joints. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. Attention: To prevent data loss. place it component-side up.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. If the cache data present LED is flashing. holding it by its edges or its frame. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. To avoid damage.

Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. place the pen on top of rivet (C). Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 5. From the back of the adapter. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. f. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). c. e.Figure 16. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. d. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. b. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. 7. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. 8. 6. Install the new battery pack. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet.

locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Reinstall the adapter. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Figure 17. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. 1. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. 4. 3. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. If the cache data present LED is flashing.9. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack.

Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Figure 18. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . If it is flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. b. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E.a. do not continue. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. Press Enter. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. If the cache data present LED is flashing. and remove it from the controller. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. 1. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2.

Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. 4. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. If it is flashing. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. b. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Press Enter. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced.3. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. do not continue. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. 1. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure.

Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. 4. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). 7. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack.3. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. b. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Press Enter. 6. Figure 20. After the battery is seated in the connector. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack.

review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. therefore. In addition. Remove the controller from the system. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. 2. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. 3. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . Before servicing or installing any features. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. For more information. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. For more information. see Control panel LEDs. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. The plug connects to the board in only one way. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced.

allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. 5. To remove the battery assembly. secured by standoffs with retaining pins. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4.Figure 21. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Label both sides of the card before separating them. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. For more information. carefully follow this procedure. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter.Figure 22. Replacing the cache battery 6. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. 1. complete the following steps. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . 7. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. 8. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure.

Figure 23. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23.2. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . then. Figure 24. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. To prevent possible card damage. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. and carefully pull the connector apart. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. as shown in the following figure. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. After all five retaining screws have been loosened.

Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. To disengage the mounting pegs. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. Figure 26.Figure 25. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs.

insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Unseating the connector 7. To reassemble the cards. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. To prevent possible card damage. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order.Figure 27. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. When connecting the two adapters together. After the connector is seated correctly. 8. Figure 28.

Return to the procedure that sent you here. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. 3. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Remove the adapter from the system. 2. This ends this procedure. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. 1. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. perform the following steps: a.C Screws 9. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Figure 29. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. See PCI adapters. 10. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation.

With the lever (A) in the vertical position. Figure 31. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Lifting the levers 4. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position.Figure 30. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5.

push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. 8. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. Using the device access finger openings (C). Figure 33. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . 9. Reinstall the adapter in the system. See PCI adapters .Figure 32.

Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. 3. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. Select SAS Resource Path Information. return to that procedure.10. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. 2. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1.

Table 8. SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. Figure 36.Figure 35. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View). Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 .

Table 8. Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following. Figure 37. Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

For SAS Fabric Path Data View. pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 .

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

2011 55 . this statement may not apply to you. their published announcements or other publicly available sources. program. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. therefore. However. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. services. The manufacturer may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. Therefore. Changes are periodically made to the information herein. are current and are subject to change without notice. The manufacturer may not offer the products. or service may be used. or service. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. All statements regarding the manufacturer's future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice. it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any product. © Copyright IBM Corp.S. program. compatibility or any other claims related to products not produced by this manufacturer. Any functionally equivalent product. Any reference to the manufacturer's product. in writing. or service is not intended to state or imply that only that product. The manufacturer may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. program. 2010. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. Furthermore. This manufacturer has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions. Any references in this information to websites not owned by the manufacturer are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites. or features discussed in this document in other countries. Dealer prices may vary. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this product and use of those websites is at your own risk. some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. BUT NOT LIMITED TO. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents. or service that does not infringe any intellectual property right of the manufacturer may be used instead. You can send license inquiries. Consult the manufacturer's representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Questions on the capabilities of products not produced by this manufacturer should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. Information concerning products not produced by this manufacturer was obtained from the suppliers of those products. The manufacturer may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document.Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U. The manufacturer's prices shown are the manufacturer's suggested retail prices. and represent goals and objectives only. the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. Actual results may vary.A. these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. to the manufacturer. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT. INCLUDING. program. Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment.

This risk.ibm.shtml. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. cannot be eliminated. and ibm. or both. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. other countries. Trademarks IBM.This information is for planning purposes only. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. Users who experience unplanned outages. system failures. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. however. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. power fluctuations or outages. brands. companies. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor.. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. the examples include the names of individuals. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. and products. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. In addition.com/legal/copytrade. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. To illustrate them as completely as possible. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. the IBM logo. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations.

in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual.com Warning: This is a Class A product.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . and can radiate radio frequency energy and.generates. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. including interference that may cause undesired operation. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. In a domestic environment. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. 71139 Ehningen. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. this product may cause radio interference. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards.ibm. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. uses. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. VCCI Statement .

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. radio interference may occur. the user may be required to take corrective actions.People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Warning: This is a Class A product. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. in which case. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action.

" Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen. Um dieses sicherzustellen. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden.CE .Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. Notices 59 . wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.zu führen. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A.

IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. This equipment generates. New Orchard Road Armonk. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.ibm. uses. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. 71139 Ehningen. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. However. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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