Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. 2011. “Safety notices” on page v. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. Z125–5823. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. read the information in “Notices” on page 55.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. G229-9054. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use.

. . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . Class B Notices . . . . . . . 60 . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

S. or data. English publications. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. If this requirement applies to your country. English publication to install. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. device.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. 2010. system. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. © Copyright IBM Corp. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. operate.S. 2011 v . or service this product. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. Before using a U. English source.S. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet.

2. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. maintenance. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm.DANGER When working on or around the system. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. networks. 2. water. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. To Disconnect: 1. Remove the power cords from the outlets. 3. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. telephone. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. moving. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. telecommunications systems. 5. v Disconnect the attached power cords. and modems before you open the device covers. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). Attach the power cords to the outlets. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. disconnect all power cords. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. Turn on the devices. v When possible. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. 4. To remove all hazardous voltages. Attach all cables to the devices. 4. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. and communication cables are hazardous. or structural damage. 3.

front. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. (R001) Safety notices vii . v (For fixed drawers. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. v (For sliding drawers. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit.

– Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. If this configuration is not known. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. drawers. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above.). repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. or equivalent. and cables are secure. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. shelves. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. doors. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. v If a long-distance relocation is required. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. When possible.

DVD-ROM drive. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. Outside the U. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. which are Class 1 laser products. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. There are no serviceable parts inside the device.S. or laser module. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. DVD-RAM drive..S. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. (C026) Safety notices ix . they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information.

Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. do not view directly with optical instruments. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. For this reason. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. Do not stare into the beam. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. Do not view directly with optical instruments. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser.

What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 57CD. 2BE1. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 2011 1 . v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. © Copyright IBM Corp. and 2BD9 cards. 2BE1. 2010. and 57CF cards. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. 2010. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. tape. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. – Background data scrubbing. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. There are also images of adapters for you to view. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. General information is intended for all users of this product. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. 2011 3 . v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. © Copyright IBM Corp. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. and optical devices. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. – Background parity checking.

RAID System 63. RAID 6. 6. 6.Table 1. system mirroring Up to 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. RAID 6. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. one physical link to DVD drive.

4. 2. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. The controller contains battery-backed cache. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. Figure 1. 3. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 .Table 1. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache.

Figure 2. CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . RAID RAID 5. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. system 61. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51.Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. RAID 61. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. RAID 6. RAID 6. RAID 6.Table 2.

CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . Figure 4.

Figure 6. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 . CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7.

Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.

expanders. If there is only one physical link in the port. and I/O device ports. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. which contain one or more physical links.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. and expanders. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. a disk). Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. Port 6 connects to an expander. One differential signal transmits in one direction. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. enclosures. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. it is a narrow port. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. A connection enables communication to a device. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path.

Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. If a part of the RAID system fails. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy.Figure 10. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. If a single drive fails within an array. If a disk failure occurs. If a disk failure occurs. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users.

RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 .Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. The parity data is spread across all the disks. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. is spread across all the disks. The P and Q parity data. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. you can continue to use the array normally. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view. There are also images of adapters for you to view. If a second disk fails. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array.

If a third disk fails. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. you can continue to use the array normally. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures.Figure 12. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two.

94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . Table 3.The following information provides data redundancy. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . read performance. but has lower capacity. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . usable disk capacity. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. and write performance for each RAID level. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

1 or later1 IBM i 6. Table 4. and search by entering your system type and controller type. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. For the latest fixes and updates. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. 2011 17 . It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation.1. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media.1.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i. see Fix Central. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. cumulative package media.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. the requisite software support must be installed. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. The adapter runs onboard microcode. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. For the latest PTF group. go to the Support & downloads website. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. 2010.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. verification.1 or later1 IBM i 7. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i.

See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.1.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1.1 or later1 1. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.Table 4. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged. distributed. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

2010.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. to emulate HDDs. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. Using techniques. model. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. To view the SAS disk information and status. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. capacity. © Copyright IBM Corp. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. and protection status. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. operating status. typically flash memory. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. 2011 19 . Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. and details. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. serial number. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. status.

v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v Some adapters. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. known as RAID and SSD adapters. or by system mirroring. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. RAID 6. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs.

Disk protection with dual storage. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. © Copyright IBM Corp. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2011 21 . See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Table 5.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 2010.

Figure 13. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.

it switches roles to become the primary controller. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. compare device information. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. At any given time. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. The controllers communicate with each other. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. such as creating a disk array. through the SAS fabric. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. one controller functions as the primary controller. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. to the optimized controller. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. it becomes the secondary controller. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. When the original primary controller comes back online. and switch roles. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. For all dual storage IOA configurations. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. For example. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array.

2. 4. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. SAS controller functions. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. 6. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. 3. 2. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Table 6. 1.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. 5. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. IOPs.

. . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Part number . . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . : System bus System board . . . . . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . : Not used 127 Device . . : I/O adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : More. . . . . : Type-model . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . . . . . : I/O bus . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . : Controller . . . . . . : Resource name . . . . . . . . . : PCI bus . . . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description .. . . : Storage . . : Serial number . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . . . . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. press Enter. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. AT cables are used. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To see details about each individual adapter. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. For additional details on how to set up a configuration.

As a result.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. see Changing parity set optimization. When creating disk arrays. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). set the parity set optimization to Performance.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. To change the parity set optimization. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. This can significantly affect performance. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. installation of the Cache RAID . The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. For controllers with write cache. For these configurations. which causes only a slight impact to performance. 4. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. 2. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. 6. and so forth) to be created. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. parity set. The other controller contains the passive path. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration.

. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters.. 2. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display.Figure 15. complete the following steps. 1. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. 3. Press Enter to continue. Dual storage IOA optimization. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. view the active or passive path role for a controller. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 6. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab.. press Enter. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. 5.. To avoid problems during installation. complete the following steps. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. IOPs. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. 3. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. follow the steps exactly as written. 2. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . 4.

See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. 5. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. 3. 2. as applicable. To prevent errors while connecting the cables.1. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. Power on your system or partition. 6. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 4. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. For instructions. 7. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information.

v Do not confuse the cache directory card. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. 2011 31 . However. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. rechargeable cache battery pack. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. 2. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. forcing a rechargeable battery error. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. which is a small rectangular card with round. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. Press Enter. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. On the command line. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. © Copyright IBM Corp. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. if the disks are members of a disk array. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. Error Log Analysis. Before attempting a disk movement. 1. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. button-shaped batteries. 2010. type strsst. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. No system shutdown is required. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. and when appropriate. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. for a removable cache card. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media).

. . . . . . . . . select Hardware Service Manager. . On the Start a Service Tool display. a. . . : Card . . . . . . . . Select Display battery information. . 4. . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Press Enter. . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . . : Planar ID . . . . . . . . . . . . : Unit ID .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. . Press Enter. . b. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . . Press Enter. . . . . . . .3. Battery Information Resource name . . . . Press Enter. 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . : Battery type . . . . . . . . . . . select Start a Service Tool. : : battery pack . . . . . : . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . .001. . . . : Power-on time (days) . . . . . : Actual type-model . . . . . . .10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . : Serial number . . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . c. Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. .

Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. To prevent possible data loss. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. in units of days. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . in units of days. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. in units of days. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. in units of days. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time.

Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. d. Press Enter. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. Press Enter. On the hardware Service Manager display. see “Replacing a battery pack. a. type strsst. To resume normal operations. Press Enter. 5. Press Enter. 2. 4. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. e. If it does not indicate yes. select Start a Service Tool. On the command line. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. c. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. select Hardware Service Manager. b. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. 6. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Press Enter. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. 1. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. On the Start a Service Tool display. Press Enter. b. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. and press the function key that confirms your choice. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. replace the cache battery pack. Press Enter. For a list of replacement procedures. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To force the cache battery pack into an error state. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here.” 7. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. 3. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system.

If it is necessary to set the device down. Attention: To prevent data loss. place it component-side up. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. call 1-800-426-4333. do not burn. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. To avoid possible explosion. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. 2. v Handle the device carefully. place it on its static-protective package. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. v Do not touch solder joints. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. (If your device is a controller. See your system documentation for instructions. To avoid damage. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. or exposed printed circuitry. The plug connects to the board in only one way. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. Remove the controller from the system. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. pins. In the United States. If the cache data present LED is flashing. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. For information. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. 3. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. holding it by its edges or its frame. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. 1. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected.

remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. d. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. b. place the pen on top of rivet (C). f. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Install the new battery pack.Figure 16. 6. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. 8. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. c. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. From the back of the adapter. e. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. 5. 7. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred.

Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. If the cache data present LED is flashing. See Displaying rechargeable battery information.9. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. 1. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . Reinstall the adapter. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Figure 17. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. 4. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. 3. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C).

Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.a. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. and remove it from the controller. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. b. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Figure 18. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). If it is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. do not continue. 1. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. Press Enter.

4. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . See Displaying rechargeable battery information. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. do not continue. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. If it is flashing. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. 1. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. If the cache data present LED is flashing. b. Press Enter.3. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.

move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . 7. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. 4. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.3. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Press Enter. b. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. After the battery is seated in the connector. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. Figure 20. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. 6.

it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. see Control panel LEDs. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Remove the controller from the system. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. Before servicing or installing any features. For more information. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. 2. therefore. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. For more information. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . The plug connects to the board in only one way. In addition. 3.

Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. secured by standoffs with retaining pins. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. To remove the battery assembly.Figure 21. 5.

See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. carefully follow this procedure. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette.Figure 22. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. Label both sides of the card before separating them. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. 1. 8. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. Replacing the cache battery 6. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. complete the following steps. 7. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. For more information. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP).

After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Figure 24. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. and carefully pull the connector apart. then. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. Figure 23. as shown in the following figure. To prevent possible card damage. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4.2.

Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. To disengage the mounting pegs.Figure 25. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. Figure 26.

8. When connecting the two adapters together. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. Figure 28. To reassemble the cards. Unseating the connector 7.Figure 27. After the connector is seated correctly. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. To prevent possible card damage. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure.C Screws 9. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. 2. Remove the adapter from the system. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. perform the following steps: a. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. 10. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. See PCI adapters. 3. Return to the procedure that sent you here. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. 1. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. This ends this procedure. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Figure 29.

Figure 30. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. Lifting the levers 4. Figure 31. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Figure 33. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. 9. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. Reinstall the adapter in the system. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . 8. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. See PCI adapters .Figure 32. Using the device access finger openings (C).

Select SAS Resource Path Information. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .10. return to that procedure. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. 2. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. 3. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen.

SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View.Figure 35. Figure 36. Table 8. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).

Table 8. Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. Figure 37. Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following.

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. For SAS Fabric Path Data View. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 .For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. compatibility or any other claims related to products not produced by this manufacturer. 2011 55 . 2010. program. Any references in this information to websites not owned by the manufacturer are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites. program. it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any product. You can send license inquiries. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT.S. Furthermore. Therefore. Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this product and use of those websites is at your own risk. or service may be used. are current and are subject to change without notice. or service. or service that does not infringe any intellectual property right of the manufacturer may be used instead. Questions on the capabilities of products not produced by this manufacturer should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents. The manufacturer may not offer the products. MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Changes are periodically made to the information herein. However. or features discussed in this document in other countries. All statements regarding the manufacturer's future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. The manufacturer may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice.A. Dealer prices may vary. services. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions. Information concerning products not produced by this manufacturer was obtained from the suppliers of those products. or service is not intended to state or imply that only that product. Any functionally equivalent product. Any reference to the manufacturer's product.Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U. their published announcements or other publicly available sources. The manufacturer may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. BUT NOT LIMITED TO. some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. to the manufacturer. program. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. therefore. program. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. and represent goals and objectives only. The manufacturer may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. this statement may not apply to you. Actual results may vary. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. © Copyright IBM Corp. This manufacturer has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance. Consult the manufacturer's representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. INCLUDING. in writing. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. The manufacturer's prices shown are the manufacturer's suggested retail prices. these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication.

In addition. however. the examples include the names of individuals. This risk. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. and products. the IBM logo.shtml. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. other countries. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. Trademarks IBM.com/legal/copytrade. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. To illustrate them as completely as possible. Users who experience unplanned outages. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. power fluctuations or outages. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. and ibm. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. or both.This information is for planning purposes only. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. brands.. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. companies. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. cannot be eliminated. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. system failures.ibm. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated.

Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. In a domestic environment.com Warning: This is a Class A product.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. VCCI Statement . European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. this product may cause radio interference. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. 71139 Ehningen. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. including interference that may cause undesired operation. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.generates. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. uses. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. may cause harmful interference to radio communications.ibm.

This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. the user may be required to take corrective actions. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Warning: This is a Class A product.People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . radio interference may occur. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. in which case.

CE .Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Um dieses sicherzustellen. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. Notices 59 . Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden.zu führen.

This equipment generates. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. New Orchard Road Armonk.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. uses. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . However. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. 71139 Ehningen. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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