Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. . duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. read the information in “Notices” on page 55.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. G229-9054. Z125–5823. 2011. “Safety notices” on page v.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . RAID level summary . . . Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . 6 . . 3 . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 . . . . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . .

63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . . . . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . . . .

you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. or data.S. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. English publications. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U.S. system. device. Before using a U. operate. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. © Copyright IBM Corp. English publication to install. 2010. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. 2011 v . or service this product. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. English source.S. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. If this requirement applies to your country.

4. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. To remove all hazardous voltages. To Disconnect: 1. and communication cables are hazardous. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. moving. and modems before you open the device covers. maintenance. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. telecommunications systems. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 3. 3. v When possible. disconnect all power cords. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. Turn on the devices. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. 5. Remove the power cords from the outlets. 2. v Disconnect the attached power cords. or structural damage. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). 2. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. Attach the power cords to the outlets. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly.DANGER When working on or around the system. Attach all cables to the devices. water. telephone. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. networks. 4.

front. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. (R001) Safety notices vii . Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. v (For sliding drawers. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. v (For fixed drawers. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet.

drawers. Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. and cables are secure. doors. v If a long-distance relocation is required. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet.). Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v v v v v Ensure that all devices. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. or equivalent. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. When possible. If this configuration is not known. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. shelves. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards.

or laser module.S. Outside the U. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation.S. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. which are Class 1 laser products. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. DVD-ROM drive. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. DVD-RAM drive.. (C026) Safety notices ix . to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products.

CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. Do not stare into the beam. For this reason. Do not view directly with optical instruments. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. do not view directly with optical instruments. Note the following information: laser radiation when open.

v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. 2BE1. 2011 1 . v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 2BE1.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. and 57CF cards. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. 2010. © Copyright IBM Corp. and 2BD9 cards. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. 57CD. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

© Copyright IBM Corp.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. and optical devices. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. – Background data scrubbing. 2010. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. tape. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. 2011 3 . v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. There are also images of adapters for you to view. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. General information is intended for all users of this product. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Background parity checking. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks.

6. 6. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5. system mirroring Up to 1. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1.Table 1. RAID 6.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . one physical link to DVD drive. RAID System 63. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X.

4. 3. The controller contains battery-backed cache. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). 2. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance.Table 1. Figure 1.

CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3.Figure 2. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. There are also images of adapters for you to view. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

RAID 61. system 61. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. RAID 6. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance.Table 2. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. RAID RAID 5. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . RAID 6.Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .

Figure 4. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 . CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7.Figure 6.

CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

A connection enables communication to a device. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. If there is only one physical link in the port. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. expanders. which contain one or more physical links. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. enclosures. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. Physical links are contained in SAS ports.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. a disk). it is a narrow port. and expanders. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. One differential signal transmits in one direction. Port 6 connects to an expander. and I/O device ports. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables.

RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. If a disk failure occurs. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided.Figure 10. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. If a single drive fails within an array. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. If a part of the RAID system fails. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. If a disk failure occurs. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array.

RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. The parity data is spread across all the disks. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. There are also images of adapters for you to view. There are also images of adapters for you to view. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. is spread across all the disks. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. If a second disk fails. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. The P and Q parity data. you can continue to use the array normally.

A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. If a third disk fails. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities.Figure 12. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. you can continue to use the array normally. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. Table 3. read performance. but has lower capacity. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . usable disk capacity. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 .89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance.The following information provides data redundancy. and write performance for each RAID level.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

1. the requisite software support must be installed.1 or later1 IBM i 7. 2010.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. and search by entering your system type and controller type. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. go to the Support & downloads website.1. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6.1. The adapter runs onboard microcode. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. verification. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 6. 2011 17 . and cumulative PTF packages for your release. Table 4. For the latest fixes and updates. cumulative package media.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. For the latest PTF group. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. see Fix Central.

1. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.1. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support.Table 4. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .1 or later1 IBM i 6.1. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged.1 or later1 1.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. distributed.

enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. model. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. to emulate HDDs. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. To view the SAS disk information and status.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. status. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2010. serial number. 2011 19 . typically flash memory. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. operating status. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. and protection status. Using techniques. capacity. and details. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD).

Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. or by system mirroring. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. RAID 6. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. known as RAID and SSD adapters. v Some adapters. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array.

2011 21 . 2010. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Table 5. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Disk protection with dual storage. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. © Copyright IBM Corp. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID.

22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Figure 13. Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14.

Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. through the SAS fabric. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. it becomes the secondary controller. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. For all dual storage IOA configurations. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 .Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. it switches roles to become the primary controller. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. When the original primary controller comes back online. such as creating a disk array. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. For example. At any given time. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. one controller functions as the primary controller. compare device information. to the optimized controller. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. and switch roles. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. The controllers communicate with each other. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations.

IOPs. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. 5. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 .Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. 1. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 3. Table 6. SAS controller functions. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. 2. 2. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. 6. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 4. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information.

. : Not used 127 Device . . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Storage . . . . . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . : Serial number . . . . . . . . : More. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . : I/O bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : PCI bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : System bus System board . . . . . . . : . . . . . : Type-model . . . . : Resource name . . : I/O adapter . . . . . : Controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Part number . . . . . . . . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . . . . . . . . . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . : Operating mode . .

To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. AT cables are used. press Enter. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. To see details about each individual adapter. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29.

Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. 6. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. see Changing parity set optimization. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. and so forth) to be created. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . which causes only a slight impact to performance. set the parity set optimization to Performance. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. The other controller contains the passive path. To change the parity set optimization. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. As a result. parity set. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. For controllers with write cache.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). installation of the Cache RAID . The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. This can significantly affect performance. 4. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. For these configurations. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. 2. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. When creating disk arrays. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk.

complete the following steps. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. Press Enter to continue. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. 1.Figure 15. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Dual storage IOA optimization.. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. 2. 3.

2. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. complete the following steps. press Enter. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation. view the active or passive path role for a controller.. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. 6. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 4. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. 5. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. follow the steps exactly as written. 3. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. To avoid problems during installation. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. IOPs. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu.. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 .

Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 6. 7. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. as applicable. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. 5.1. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. Power on your system or partition. For instructions. 3. 2. 4. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24.

SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. However. if the disks are members of a disk array. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. and when appropriate. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. 2010. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. Press Enter. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. Before attempting a disk movement. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. 2. On the command line. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. which is a small rectangular card with round. for a removable cache card. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. rechargeable cache battery pack. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. 2011 31 . button-shaped batteries. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. 1. No system shutdown is required. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. © Copyright IBM Corp. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. Error Log Analysis. forcing a rechargeable battery error. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. type strsst.

. . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . 4. . . . . : : battery pack . . . On the Start a Service Tool display. . . : Card . Press Enter. . : Adjusted power-on time (days) .001. . . : Planar ID . . . . . . . . . . . . . select Start a Service Tool. . . . . . . . : Power-on time (days) . . : Actual type-model . . . Press Enter. . . . . . : Serial number . . Press Enter. . . c. . . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . a. . . . . . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . . . . . . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs.10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . . : Unit ID . . . Select Display battery information. Press Enter. . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . : Battery type . . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. . Battery Information Resource name . . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . select Hardware Service Manager.3. . . . . . . . . b. . . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . . . . . . . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094.

v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. in units of days. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. To prevent possible data loss. in units of days. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. in units of days. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. in units of days. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error.

b. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. To resume normal operations. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Press Enter. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux.” 7. c. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. replace the cache battery pack. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. Press Enter. see “Replacing a battery pack. Press Enter. If it does not indicate yes. and press the function key that confirms your choice. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. On the Start a Service Tool display. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. Press Enter. b. Press Enter. 3. Press Enter. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. 6. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. 2. select Start a Service Tool. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . type strsst. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. 4. a. e. Press Enter.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. d. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. 1. select Hardware Service Manager. On the command line. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. For a list of replacement procedures. On the hardware Service Manager display. 5.

Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. In the United States. or exposed printed circuitry. place it on its static-protective package. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. If the cache data present LED is flashing. See your system documentation for instructions. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. call 1-800-426-4333. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. do not burn. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. place it component-side up. For information.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. To avoid damage. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. v Do not touch solder joints. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. 1. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. holding it by its edges or its frame. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. If it is necessary to set the device down. The plug connects to the board in only one way. To avoid possible explosion. (If your device is a controller. Attention: To prevent data loss. 3. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. 2.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. Remove the controller from the system. v Handle the device carefully. pins. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement.

and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). 7. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. c. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. 5. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. f. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. From the back of the adapter. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. d. 6. 8. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. e. place the pen on top of rivet (C). The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. b. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. Install the new battery pack. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket.Figure 16. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter.

Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A).9. 4. Figure 17. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. 3. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 1. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Reinstall the adapter. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost.

verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See Displaying rechargeable battery information.a. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. If it is flashing. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Press Enter. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 18. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. b. do not continue. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 1. and remove it from the controller. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error.

determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. If it is flashing. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. do not continue. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. b.3. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. 1. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. 4. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. Press Enter.

4. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Press Enter. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . b. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. After the battery is seated in the connector.3.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. Figure 20. move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. 7. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. 6. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.

squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. Before servicing or installing any features. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. see Control panel LEDs. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. Remove the controller from the system. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. For more information. 2. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. For more information. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. therefore. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. In addition. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. The plug connects to the board in only one way.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. 3. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures.

5. secured by standoffs with retaining pins.Figure 21. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. To remove the battery assembly. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins.

To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. 8. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Label both sides of the card before separating them. 1. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. complete the following steps. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. Replacing the cache battery 6. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache.Figure 22. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. For more information. 7. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. carefully follow this procedure. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette.

and carefully pull the connector apart. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. Figure 24. as shown in the following figure. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. then. Figure 23. To prevent possible card damage. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23.2.

Figure 25. Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. Figure 26. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. To disengage the mounting pegs.

perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. To reassemble the cards. Figure 28. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. To prevent possible card damage. 8. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . When connecting the two adapters together. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . Unseating the connector 7. After the connector is seated correctly.Figure 27. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them.

Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. 10. This ends this procedure. Return to the procedure that sent you here. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Figure 29. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. 2. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. See PCI adapters.C Screws 9. 1. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. perform the following steps: a. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. Remove the adapter from the system. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . 3.

Lifting the levers 4. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. Figure 31.Figure 30. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors.

8. Reinstall the adapter in the system. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. 9. Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Figure 33. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. See PCI adapters . Using the device access finger openings (C).Figure 32.

Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. Select SAS Resource Path Information. 2. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. return to that procedure. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1.10. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. 3.

Figure 35. Figure 36. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . Table 8. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).

Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures.Table 8. Figure 37.

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. For SAS Fabric Path Data View. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 .For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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system failures. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available.This information is for planning purposes only. Trademarks IBM.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. and ibm. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. cannot be eliminated. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. the examples include the names of individuals. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. however. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment.shtml. and products. This risk. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.ibm. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. To illustrate them as completely as possible. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. other countries. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. companies. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. the IBM logo. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. or both. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss.. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. power fluctuations or outages. brands. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. In addition.com/legal/copytrade. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Users who experience unplanned outages. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear.

IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. VCCI Statement . IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. and (2) this device must accept any interference received.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. uses. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference.ibm. In a domestic environment. 71139 Ehningen. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. including interference that may cause undesired operation. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. this product may cause radio interference. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.generates.com Warning: This is a Class A product.

Warning: This is a Class A product. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. in which case. radio interference may occur. the user may be required to take corrective actions. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures.

Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen. Notices 59 . Um dieses sicherzustellen.zu führen. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen.CE . in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen .

uses. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. This equipment generates. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .ibm. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. However.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. 71139 Ehningen. New Orchard Road Armonk. may cause harmful interference to radio communications.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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