Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. Z125–5823. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. . “Safety notices” on page v. 2011. G229-9054. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. read the information in “Notices” on page 55.Note Before using this information and the product it supports.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . 13 . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . SAS cabling considerations . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions .Class A Notices . . 60 . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . Class B Notices . . .

v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition. operate. system. English source. or service this product.S. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. English publications. Before using a U. © Copyright IBM Corp. or data. If this requirement applies to your country. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet.S. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. 2011 v . German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. 2010. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program.S. English publication to install. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. device.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people.

To Disconnect: 1. networks. maintenance. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. 5. or structural damage. 3. 2. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. 2. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. 4. Turn on the devices. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. v When possible. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. v Disconnect the attached power cords. telephone. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. and modems before you open the device covers. moving. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. 4. Attach all cables to the devices. and communication cables are hazardous. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. telecommunications systems.DANGER When working on or around the system. water. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. Remove the power cords from the outlets. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. 3. To remove all hazardous voltages. Attach the power cords to the outlets. disconnect all power cords.

Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. v (For sliding drawers. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. (R001) Safety notices vii .Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. v (For fixed drawers. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. front. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord.

CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. doors. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. shelves. v If a long-distance relocation is required. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. When possible.). v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. If this configuration is not known. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards. and cables are secure. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. drawers. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. or equivalent. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material.

S. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. DVD-ROM drive. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive.S.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. which are Class 1 laser products. or laser module. (C026) Safety notices ix .. Outside the U. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. DVD-RAM drive.

x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. Do not view directly with optical instruments. Do not stare into the beam. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. do not view directly with optical instruments. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. For this reason.

© Copyright IBM Corp. 57CD. and 2BD9 cards. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. 2010. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. 2011 1 . and 57CF cards. 2BE1. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. 2BE1.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. General information is intended for all users of this product. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. 2010. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. © Copyright IBM Corp. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. and optical devices. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. tape. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. – Background data scrubbing. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. There are also images of adapters for you to view. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. 2011 3 . – Background parity checking.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine.

RAID 6. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. system mirroring Up to 1. 6. 6. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. RAID 6. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. one physical link to DVD drive. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5.Table 1. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. RAID System 63.

Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. 2. 3. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. 4.Table 1. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). The controller contains battery-backed cache. Figure 1.

CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3.Figure 2. There are also images of adapters for you to view. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.

system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. RAID 6.Table 2. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. system 61. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. RAID 6. RAID 6. RAID RAID 5. RAID 61.Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5.

Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 4. CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5.

Figure 6. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 . CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7.

CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

A connection enables communication to a device. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. which contain one or more physical links. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. Port 6 connects to an expander. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. If there is only one physical link in the port. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. it is a narrow port. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. enclosures. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. and I/O device ports. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. expanders. One differential signal transmits in one direction. and expanders. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . a disk). An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports.

If a single drive fails within an array. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. If a disk failure occurs. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks.Figure 10. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. If a disk failure occurs. If a part of the RAID system fails.

RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. is spread across all the disks.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. If a second disk fails. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view. The P and Q parity data. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. you can continue to use the array normally. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. The parity data is spread across all the disks. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array.

14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. If a third disk fails. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information.Figure 12. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. you can continue to use the array normally.

Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. and write performance for each RAID level.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. read performance. usable disk capacity. Table 3.The following information provides data redundancy.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . but has lower capacity. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% .

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

2011 17 . and search by entering your system type and controller type.1. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. For the latest fixes and updates. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. the requisite software support must be installed.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. For the latest PTF group.1 or later1 IBM i 7. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media.1 or later1 IBM i 6. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation.1.1.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. see Fix Central. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. The adapter runs onboard microcode. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. cumulative package media. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. Table 4. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. verification.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. go to the Support & downloads website. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. 2010.

Table 4.1.1 or later1 IBM i 6. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .1 or later1 1. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.1 or later1 IBM i 6. distributed.1. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support.1. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6.

SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. capacity. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. model. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. typically flash memory. to emulate HDDs. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. serial number. operating status. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. Using techniques. To view the SAS disk information and status. © Copyright IBM Corp.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. status. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. 2011 19 . and details. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. and protection status. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. 2010. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information.

An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. known as RAID and SSD adapters. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. v Some adapters. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. RAID 6. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . or by system mirroring.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs.

Table 5. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. © Copyright IBM Corp. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. 2011 21 . “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2010. Disk protection with dual storage. There are also images of adapters for you to view. There are also images of adapters for you to view. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection.

Figure 13. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. compare device information. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. and switch roles. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. it becomes the secondary controller. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. For example. such as creating a disk array. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. At any given time. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. through the SAS fabric. to the optimized controller. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. it switches roles to become the primary controller. The controllers communicate with each other. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. When the original primary controller comes back online. one controller functions as the primary controller. For all dual storage IOA configurations.

Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. Table 6. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. IOPs. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. 2. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 3. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. 6. 2. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. 4. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 1. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. 5. SAS controller functions. There are also images of adapters for you to view.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . : More. . . . : Storage . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . . . . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . . . . . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : I/O adapter . . . . : System bus System board . . . . . : Resource name . . . . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . : Not used 127 Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . : Controller . . . : Type-model . . . . .. . . . : I/O bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Serial number . . . . . : PCI bus . . . . . . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . . . . . . . . . : Part number . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

This provides redundancy similar to X cables. AT cables are used. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. press Enter. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To see details about each individual adapter. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning.

the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. This can significantly affect performance. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. which causes only a slight impact to performance. To change the parity set optimization. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. and so forth) to be created. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. 6. parity set. 2. set the parity set optimization to Performance. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. installation of the Cache RAID . The other controller contains the passive path. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. 4. As a result.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). For these configurations. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. see Changing parity set optimization. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. When creating disk arrays. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. For controllers with write cache. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path.

. complete the following steps.Figure 15. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. 3. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu.. 2. Press Enter to continue. 1. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. Dual storage IOA optimization.

follow the steps exactly as written. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. IOPs. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. 3. 4. 6. 5. view the active or passive path role for a controller. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites.. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. To avoid problems during installation. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More.. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. press Enter. complete the following steps. 2. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation.

1. 3. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. as applicable. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 4. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Power on your system or partition. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. 6. 2. For instructions. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. 7. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. 5. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables.

The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. and when appropriate. which is a small rectangular card with round. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. However. Press Enter. Error Log Analysis. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. 1. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. button-shaped batteries. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. forcing a rechargeable battery error. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. if the disks are members of a disk array. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. No system shutdown is required.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. 2010. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. On the command line. 2. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. rechargeable cache battery pack. Before attempting a disk movement. for a removable cache card. © Copyright IBM Corp. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. 2011 31 . type strsst.

. Press Enter. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . . type your service tools user ID and service tools password.10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . : Actual type-model . . .3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . Press Enter. . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. 4. . select Start a Service Tool. . : Power-on time (days) . . Press Enter. . . . . . c. . . . . . On the Start a Service Tool display. Select Display battery information. On the Hardware Service Manager display. : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . . : : battery pack . . . . . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . . . Battery Information Resource name . . . . . . . : Planar ID . . . . Press Enter. . : Card . . . . . . . select Hardware Service Manager. . . . . . . . . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . : Unit ID . . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. a. . . . . .001. . . . b. . : . : Serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . . . . . . . . . . : Battery type . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs.

v Cache data present LED stops flashing. in units of days. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. in units of days. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. in units of days. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. To prevent possible data loss. in units of days. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack.

On the System Service Tools (SST) display. a. To resume normal operations. 2. Press Enter. On the hardware Service Manager display. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. Press Enter. On the Start a Service Tool display. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. 4. Press Enter. On the command line. If it does not indicate yes. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. b. 3. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. replace the cache battery pack. Press Enter. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. e. Press Enter. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. select Start a Service Tool. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.” 7. d. type strsst. c. Press Enter. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. Press Enter. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. b. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. 6. select Hardware Service Manager. For a list of replacement procedures. and press the function key that confirms your choice. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. 5.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. 1. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. see “Replacing a battery pack. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here.

Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. place it component-side up. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. v Do not touch solder joints. For information. place it on its static-protective package. holding it by its edges or its frame. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. 1. call 1-800-426-4333. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. Remove the controller from the system. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . 2. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. See your system documentation for instructions. Attention: To prevent data loss. To avoid possible explosion. do not burn.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. 3. In the United States. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. v Handle the device carefully. pins. If the cache data present LED is flashing. (If your device is a controller. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. The plug connects to the board in only one way.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. If it is necessary to set the device down. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. To avoid damage. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. or exposed printed circuitry. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it.

follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. place the pen on top of rivet (C). 5. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. c. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. b. Install the new battery pack. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. 7. From the back of the adapter. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. 6. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. e. f. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. d. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. 8.Figure 16. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly.

Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. 4. 1. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Reinstall the adapter. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2. Figure 17. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. 3. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A).9. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 .

1. do not continue. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Figure 18. and remove it from the controller. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . If the cache data present LED is flashing. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. If it is flashing. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure.a. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. b. Press Enter. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error.

b.3. 4. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Press Enter. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. do not continue. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. If it is flashing. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. 1. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack.

Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. 4. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. Press Enter. Figure 20. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. 7.3. 6.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. b. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). After the battery is seated in the connector. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.

Remove the controller from the system. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. therefore. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. 2. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. Before servicing or installing any features. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. For more information. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. In addition. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. For more information. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. 3. The plug connects to the board in only one way. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. see Control panel LEDs. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.

secured by standoffs with retaining pins. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place.Figure 21. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. 5. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To remove the battery assembly.

v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. Replacing the cache battery 6. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. For more information. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. carefully follow this procedure. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache.Figure 22. Label both sides of the card before separating them. complete the following steps. 8. 1. 7.

After all five retaining screws have been loosened. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 23. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. and carefully pull the connector apart. then. as shown in the following figure. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . To prevent possible card damage. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. Figure 24.2. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23.

Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. To disengage the mounting pegs.Figure 25. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Figure 26.

perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. Unseating the connector 7.Figure 27. When connecting the two adapters together. insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 28. After the connector is seated correctly. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. To prevent possible card damage. 8. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . To reassemble the cards.

If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. 1. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. Figure 29. This ends this procedure. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. 2.C Screws 9. Remove the adapter from the system. Return to the procedure that sent you here. 10. perform the following steps: a. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. See PCI adapters. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. 3. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29.

Figure 30. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. Lifting the levers 4. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 31. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5.

See PCI adapters . Using the device access finger openings (C). 8. 9. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. Figure 33.Figure 32. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. Reinstall the adapter in the system. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position.

10. 2. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. return to that procedure. Select SAS Resource Path Information. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. 3. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information.

SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).Figure 35. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Table 8. Figure 36. SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 .

Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following.Table 8. Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. Figure 37. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 . For SAS Fabric Path Data View.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

are current and are subject to change without notice. Actual results may vary. 2010. Any reference to the manufacturer's product. Therefore.Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U. BUT NOT LIMITED TO. the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. and represent goals and objectives only. program. some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. services. The manufacturer may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. therefore. The manufacturer may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. Consult the manufacturer's representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. Furthermore. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this product and use of those websites is at your own risk. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. to the manufacturer. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. compatibility or any other claims related to products not produced by this manufacturer. Any references in this information to websites not owned by the manufacturer are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites. program. Dealer prices may vary. in writing. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions. Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. Information concerning products not produced by this manufacturer was obtained from the suppliers of those products. © Copyright IBM Corp. The manufacturer's prices shown are the manufacturer's suggested retail prices. program. This manufacturer has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance. or service may be used. However.A. it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any product. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents. MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. their published announcements or other publicly available sources. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. 2011 55 . You can send license inquiries. or service is not intended to state or imply that only that product. this statement may not apply to you. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. or features discussed in this document in other countries. All statements regarding the manufacturer's future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice. The manufacturer may not offer the products.S. Questions on the capabilities of products not produced by this manufacturer should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. or service. Changes are periodically made to the information herein. program. The manufacturer may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. Any functionally equivalent product. INCLUDING. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT. these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. or service that does not infringe any intellectual property right of the manufacturer may be used instead.

Trademarks IBM. To illustrate them as completely as possible. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. other countries. or both. cannot be eliminated. however. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Users who experience unplanned outages.This information is for planning purposes only. This risk. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. the IBM logo. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations..shtml. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. the examples include the names of individuals. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. power fluctuations or outages. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. and products. brands.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. and ibm. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. In addition. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software.com/legal/copytrade. system failures. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated.ibm. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. companies.

Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. this product may cause radio interference. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. 71139 Ehningen. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. In a domestic environment. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits.ibm. including interference that may cause undesired operation. uses. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. VCCI Statement .com Warning: This is a Class A product. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.generates. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment.

Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. the user may be required to take corrective actions. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. radio interference may occur. Warning: This is a Class A product. in which case. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council.

IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Notices 59 . Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen.CE . Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.zu führen. Um dieses sicherzustellen.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .

ibm. and can radiate radio frequency energy and.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . uses.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. This equipment generates. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . However. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. New Orchard Road Armonk. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. 71139 Ehningen. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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