Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

2011. “Safety notices” on page v. G229-9054. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. Z125–5823. . US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual. read the information in “Notices” on page 55. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models.

. . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . 14 . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 5 . Viewing SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . Disk arrays . . . . . . © Copyright IBM Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . .Contents Safety notices . 56 iii . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . RAID 6 . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . 3 . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . 12 . . . .

. . . . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

or data. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. operate.S. device. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U. 2010. © Copyright IBM Corp. English source. system. or service this product. you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. English publications. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. English publication to install. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. Before using a U. v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. 2011 v .S.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people. If this requirement applies to your country. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition.S. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs.

3. or opening covers on this product or attached devices. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 4. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. 4. v Disconnect the attached power cords. networks. water. To Disconnect: 1. v When possible. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. Attach the power cords to the outlets. 2. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. or structural damage. and communication cables are hazardous. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. disconnect all power cords. moving. Turn on the devices. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. Remove the power cords from the outlets. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. and modems before you open the device covers. telecommunications systems. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing.DANGER When working on or around the system. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. 3. telephone. To remove all hazardous voltages. 5. 2. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. Attach all cables to the devices. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. maintenance.

v (For sliding drawers. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. front. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. v (For fixed drawers. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. To provide the correct power connection to a rack.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. (R001) Safety notices vii .

v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. When possible. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position.CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. shelves.). v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. and cables are secure. or equivalent. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. doors. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. v If a long-distance relocation is required. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. If this configuration is not known. drawers. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards.

which are Class 1 laser products. (C026) Safety notices ix .(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product.S. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers. Outside the U. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive.S.. DVD-RAM drive. DVD-ROM drive. or laser module.

For this reason. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only.CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. Do not stare into the beam. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Note the following information: laser radiation when open. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD). The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. Do not view directly with optical instruments. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. do not view directly with optical instruments.

2BE1.What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. © Copyright IBM Corp. 2BE1. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. and 57CF cards. 2011 1 . v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 57CD. 2010. and 2BD9 cards. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. – Background parity checking. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. General information is intended for all users of this product. © Copyright IBM Corp. and optical devices. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. There are also images of adapters for you to view. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device. 2010. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. – Background data scrubbing. 2011 3 . v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. tape. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second.

PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53. one physical link to DVD drive. 6. one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. RAID 6. system mirroring Up to 1. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5.Table 1. 6.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5. RAID System 63.

The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Figure 1. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. 3. The controller contains battery-backed cache.Table 1. The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. 2. 4.

Figure 2. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays.

Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . RAID 6. system 61. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. RAID 61.Table 2. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51. RAID RAID 5. RAID 6. RAID 6. system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5.

CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5. Figure 4. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Figure 6. CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .

Figure 8. CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.

Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. it is a narrow port. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. a disk). while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. and I/O device ports. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. If there is only one physical link in the port. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. A connection enables communication to a device. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. enclosures. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection. which contain one or more physical links. An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. expanders. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device. One differential signal transmits in one direction. Port 6 connects to an expander. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. and expanders.

RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. If a disk failure occurs. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . If a disk failure occurs. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks.Figure 10. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. If a part of the RAID system fails. If a single drive fails within an array. the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array.

RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. There are also images of adapters for you to view. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. If a second disk fails. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. For a RAID 6 array of four disks. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. There are also images of adapters for you to view. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. The P and Q parity data. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. The parity data is spread across all the disks. you can continue to use the array normally. is spread across all the disks. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.

14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. you can continue to use the array normally. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity.Figure 12. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. If a third disk fails.

89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails. Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance.94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . Table 3. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . and write performance for each RAID level. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. but has lower capacity. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6.The following information provides data redundancy. read performance. usable disk capacity.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

1. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. Table 4. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. the requisite software support must be installed. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i.1. go to the Support & downloads website. see Fix Central.1. For the latest fixes and updates. The adapter runs onboard microcode. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. 2011 17 . It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. verification. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. For the latest PTF group. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter. 2010.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation. Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i.1 or later1 IBM i 7. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. and cumulative PTF packages for your release.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1 or later1 IBM i 6. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. cumulative package media. and search by entering your system type and controller type. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website.

1 or later1 IBM i 6. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code. distributed.Table 4.1 or later1 IBM i 6.1.1. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements. Updates to the adapter software support are packaged.1 or later1 1. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.1. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support.

and protection status. 2010. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. operating status. and details. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. capacity. status. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. © Copyright IBM Corp.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. typically flash memory. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. Using techniques. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. to emulate HDDs. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. 2011 19 . model. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. serial number. To view the SAS disk information and status.

An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs. or by system mirroring. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. RAID 6. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. v Some adapters. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. known as RAID and SSD adapters.

2011 21 . Disk protection with dual storage. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. There are also images of adapters for you to view. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. 2010. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. Table 5. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. © Copyright IBM Corp.

Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.Figure 13. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

one controller functions as the primary controller. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. and switch roles. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. through the SAS fabric. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. to the optimized controller. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. The controllers communicate with each other. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. it becomes the secondary controller. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. For example. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. compare device information. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. such as creating a disk array. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. it switches roles to become the primary controller. A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. When the original primary controller comes back online.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. For all dual storage IOA configurations. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. At any given time. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array.

4. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 1. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. 3. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Table 6. 5. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. There are also images of adapters for you to view. 2. IOPs. SAS controller functions. 6. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . 2. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : 517 0 0 System card . . . : Not used 127 Device . . . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . .. . . . . . . . : Cache size (MB) . : I/O bus . . : More. . . : System bus System board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . : Serial number . . : I/O adapter . . . . . . . : . . . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . : Part number . . . : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Resource name . . . . . . . . . . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. . : PCI bus . . . . . : Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Controller . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . . : Type-model .

Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. press Enter. AT cables are used. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure. To see details about each individual adapter. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . This provides redundancy similar to X cables. For additional details on how to set up a configuration. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive.

2. This can significantly affect performance. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. As a result. To change the parity set optimization. When creating disk arrays. installation of the Cache RAID . For these configurations. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. and so forth) to be created. The other controller contains the passive path. This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. set the parity set optimization to Performance. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 4. which causes only a slight impact to performance. 6. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. see Changing parity set optimization. It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. parity set. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. For controllers with write cache. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other.

Figure 15. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units. 1. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. complete the following steps. 3. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. 2.. Dual storage IOA optimization. Press Enter to continue..

controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. IOPs. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. 2. To avoid problems during installation. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation.. view the active or passive path role for a controller. press Enter. follow the steps exactly as written. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. 4. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. 5. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. complete the following steps. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1.. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. 3. Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 6. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options.

Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. as applicable. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. 5. 6. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 3. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen.1. For instructions. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 4. 2. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. 7. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. Power on your system or partition.

for a removable cache card. 2010. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. which is a small rectangular card with round. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. On the command line. forcing a rechargeable battery error. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. rechargeable cache battery pack. © Copyright IBM Corp. Error Log Analysis. 2011 31 . button-shaped batteries. and when appropriate. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. 2. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. However.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. type strsst. Before attempting a disk movement. No system shutdown is required. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). if the disks are members of a disk array. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. v Do not confuse the cache directory card. Press Enter. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. 1. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed.

. . . . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . . . . . . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . Press Enter. 4. : : battery pack . . . . . . select Hardware Service Manager. : Power-on time (days) . Press Enter. . On the Hardware Service Manager display. . . . . . . . . . . : Actual type-model . Battery Information Resource name . . . . . . . . a. . : Planar ID . .10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . . . . . . . : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. . . . . . .3. . . .001. . . : . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. select Start a Service Tool. . . . . c. . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . . : Card . . : Serial number . . . : Battery type . . . . Select Display battery information. : Unit ID . Press Enter. . . b. . On the Start a Service Tool display. . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. Press Enter. . . . . . . . .

Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. in units of days. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. in units of days. in units of days. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . To prevent possible data loss. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate. in units of days. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. The possible values for this field are: Table 7. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists.

contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure. 6. On the Start a Service Tool display. type strsst. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. 4. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. 3. a. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. d. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. select Start a Service Tool. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. On the hardware Service Manager display. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. Press Enter. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. replace the cache battery pack. e. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. b. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. select Hardware Service Manager. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set. 1. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. Press Enter. Press Enter. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. For a list of replacement procedures. b. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Press Enter. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. and press the function key that confirms your choice. 2. Press Enter.” 7. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. On the command line. To resume normal operations. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. If it does not indicate yes. 5. see “Replacing a battery pack. c. Press Enter. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. Press Enter.

v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. 2. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. To avoid damage. 1. pins. 3. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. do not burn. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. place it on its static-protective package. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. (If your device is a controller. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. place it component-side up. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. or exposed printed circuitry. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. call 1-800-426-4333. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. For information. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part. v Do not touch solder joints. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. holding it by its edges or its frame.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. The plug connects to the board in only one way. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. In the United States.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. Remove the controller from the system. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. If it is necessary to set the device down. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. See your system documentation for instructions. v Handle the device carefully. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. Attention: To prevent data loss. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. To avoid possible explosion.

Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. d. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter.Figure 16. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. f. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. e. place the pen on top of rivet (C). Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. 5. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. From the back of the adapter. c. b. 6. 8. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Install the new battery pack. 7.

It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Figure 17. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. 1. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. 3. 4. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2.9. Reinstall the adapter. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated.

1. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Figure 18. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack.a. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. b. do not continue. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. Press Enter. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. 38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . and remove it from the controller. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. If it is flashing. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). If the cache data present LED is flashing. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2.

do not continue. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced.3. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Press Enter. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. If the cache data present LED is flashing. If it is flashing. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. 1. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. 4. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. b. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated.

move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector).3. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. Figure 20. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . 7. 6. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. b. 4. Press Enter. After the battery is seated in the connector. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack.

See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. Before servicing or installing any features. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. For more information. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. see Control panel LEDs. consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. For more information. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. The plug connects to the board in only one way. 3.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. therefore. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Remove the controller from the system. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. In addition. 2.

pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. secured by standoffs with retaining pins. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. To remove the battery assembly. 42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place. 5.Figure 21.

Important: To avoid loss of cache data. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). Replacing the cache battery 6. Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. carefully follow this procedure. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. 7. SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . 1. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly.Figure 22. complete the following steps. 8. To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. Label both sides of the card before separating them. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. For more information. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter.

set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Figure 23. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. and carefully pull the connector apart. Figure 24. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. then. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. To prevent possible card damage. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter. as shown in the following figure. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23.2.

Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter. Figure 26. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card.Figure 25. To disengage the mounting pegs. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs.

Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. 8. Unseating the connector 7.Figure 27. apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. When connecting the two adapters together. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. Figure 28. To reassemble the cards. After the connector is seated correctly. To prevent possible card damage. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A .

Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. Figure 29. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system. 10. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. 1. Remove the adapter from the system. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. This ends this procedure. See PCI adapters. Return to the procedure that sent you here. perform the following steps: a. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. 3. 2. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b.C Screws 9.

48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Figure 31. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. Lifting the levers 4. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position.Figure 30. With the lever (A) in the vertical position.

Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. See PCI adapters . Reinstall the adapter in the system.Figure 32. Using the device access finger openings (C). Figure 33. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. 8. Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. 9. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position.

Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. 3.10. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. Select SAS Resource Path Information. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. 2. return to that procedure.

Table 8. SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View).Figure 35. Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Figure 36. Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 .

Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following. Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. Figure 37.Table 8. 52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures.

SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 . For SAS Fabric Path Data View.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following. pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. or service is not intended to state or imply that only that product. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT. Furthermore. However. these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. program. some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. or service that does not infringe any intellectual property right of the manufacturer may be used instead. 2011 55 . Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. services. therefore. BUT NOT LIMITED TO. The manufacturer may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. and represent goals and objectives only. it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any product. program. this statement may not apply to you. or features discussed in this document in other countries. Changes are periodically made to the information herein. Dealer prices may vary. The manufacturer may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. Any reference to the manufacturer's product. INCLUDING. The manufacturer's prices shown are the manufacturer's suggested retail prices. 2010. The manufacturer may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this product and use of those websites is at your own risk. MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.A. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. Questions on the capabilities of products not produced by this manufacturer should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Actual results may vary. are current and are subject to change without notice. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents. in writing. or service.S. This manufacturer has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance. © Copyright IBM Corp. All statements regarding the manufacturer's future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice. Any functionally equivalent product. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. The manufacturer may not offer the products. the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. to the manufacturer. Any references in this information to websites not owned by the manufacturer are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites. You can send license inquiries. their published announcements or other publicly available sources.Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions. compatibility or any other claims related to products not produced by this manufacturer. Information concerning products not produced by this manufacturer was obtained from the suppliers of those products. Therefore. Consult the manufacturer's representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. program. program. or service may be used.

. or both. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. Users who experience unplanned outages. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available.This information is for planning purposes only. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. companies. To illustrate them as completely as possible. brands. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations.ibm. and ibm. other countries. cannot be eliminated. Trademarks IBM. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated.com/legal/copytrade. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information.shtml. This risk. the IBM logo. and products. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. however. system failures. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. In addition. the examples include the names of individuals. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. power fluctuations or outages. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment.

com Warning: This is a Class A product. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. including interference that may cause undesired operation. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. VCCI Statement . European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.generates. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada. this product may cause radio interference. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. 71139 Ehningen. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. uses. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment.ibm. In a domestic environment.

This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. Warning: This is a Class A product. the user may be required to take corrective actions. radio interference may occur.Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. in which case.

Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland.CE . wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. Notices 59 ." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . Um dieses sicherzustellen.zu führen. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .

ibm. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. uses.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. This equipment generates.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. However. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. 71139 Ehningen. New Orchard Road Armonk. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules.

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

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Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

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Notices

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64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

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