Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Power Systems

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

. G229-9054. 2011. and the IBM Environmental Notices and User Guide. “Safety notices” on page v. US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use. read the information in “Notices” on page 55.Note Before using this information and the product it supports. Z125–5823. duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp. © Copyright IBM Corporation 2010. This edition applies to IBM Power Systems servers that contain the POWER7 processor and to all associated models. the IBM Systems Safety Notices manual.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . 31 Rechargeable battery maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . © Copyright IBM Corp. Error state . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk array capacities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Forcing a rechargeable battery error . . . . . Viewing SAS fabric path information . Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Installing dual storage IOA configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System mirroring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Viewing dual storage IOA attributes . . . . . . . . RAID level summary . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA function attributes . . . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . RAID 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Possible disk storage IOA configurations Dual storage IOA functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Dual storage IOA configurations. RAID 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . SAS architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2010. . . . . . . . . . Dual storage IOA access optimization . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . SAS cabling considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Supported RAID levels . . . . Considerations for solid-state drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Removing and replacing a cache battery pack . . 17 Common controller and disk array management tasks . . . . . . . . . . Displaying rechargeable battery information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 iii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Verifying the controller software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 22 24 24 26 27 27 29 SAS RAID controller maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 31 33 34 34 35 37 38 39 40 41 43 47 50 52 Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack . . . . . . . Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card . 55 Trademarks .Contents Safety notices . . . . . . . . 19 Viewing IBM SAS disk information . . . . Example: Using SAS fabric path information . . . . . . . . . PCIe SAS RAID card comparison . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . Class B Notices . . . . . . . . . . . 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 iv SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . . . . . .Class A Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Terms and conditions . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

you must first become familiar with the related safety information in the booklet. device. or service this product.S. German safety information Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung geeignet. or data. operate. The booklet contains the safety information in your national language with references to the U.S. © Copyright IBM Corp. You should also refer to the booklet any time you do not clearly understand any safety information in the U. 2010. v CAUTION notices call attention to a situation that is potentially hazardous to people because of some existing condition.S. English publication to install. English publications. If this requirement applies to your country. system. a safety information booklet is included in the publications package shipped with the product. Laser safety information IBM® servers can use I/O cards or features that are fiber-optic based and that utilize lasers or LEDs. World Trade safety information Several countries require the safety information contained in product publications to be presented in their national languages. Laser compliance IBM servers may be installed inside or outside of an IT equipment rack. Before using a U. 2011 v . v Attention notices call attention to the possibility of damage to a program. English source.Safety notices Safety notices may be printed throughout this guide: v DANGER notices call attention to a situation that is potentially lethal or extremely hazardous to people.

disconnect all power cords. 3. 2. telecommunications systems. networks. Attach all cables to the devices. Attach the power cords to the outlets. Turn on the devices. v Connect any equipment that will be attached to this product to properly wired outlets. To remove all hazardous voltages. 4. and communication cables are hazardous. or reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm. Attach the signal cables to the connectors. water. (D005) DANGER vi SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . or opening covers on this product or attached devices. 4. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). telephone. 5. or structural damage. Remove the signal cables from the connectors. Ensure that the outlet supplies proper voltage and phase rotation according to the system rating plate. v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following procedures when installing. use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables. moving. To avoid a shock hazard: v Connect power to this unit only with the IBM provided power cord. v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire. Turn off everything (unless instructed otherwise). 2. v Disconnect the attached power cords.DANGER When working on or around the system. observe the following precautions: Electrical voltage and current from power. Do not use the IBM provided power cord for any other product. To Disconnect: 1. maintenance. and modems before you open the device covers. v The product might be equipped with multiple power cords. v When possible. v Do not open or service any power supply assembly. Remove all cables from the devices To Connect: 1. 3. v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation. Remove the power cords from the outlets. v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet. unless instructed otherwise in the installation and configuration procedures.

CAUTION v Do not install a unit in a rack where the internal rack ambient temperatures will exceed the manufacturer's recommended ambient temperature for all your rack-mounted devices.Observe the following precautions when working on or around your IT rack system: v Heavy equipment–personal injury or equipment damage might result if mishandled. Do not place objects on top of rack-mounted devices. It is the responsibility of the customer to ensure that the outlet is correctly wired and grounded to prevent an electrical shock. Do not plug a power cord from a device installed in one rack cabinet into a power device installed in a different rack cabinet. v (For sliding drawers. always install the heaviest devices in the bottom of the rack cabinet. To provide the correct power connection to a rack. Attempting to move the drawer partially or completely out of the rack might cause the rack to become unstable or cause the drawer to fall out of the rack. Be sure to disconnect all power cords in the rack cabinet when directed to disconnect power during servicing. v Rack-mounted devices are not to be used as shelves or work spaces. v (For fixed drawers. v Do not install a unit in a rack where the air flow is compromised. refer to the rating labels located on the equipment in the rack to determine the total power requirement of the supply circuit. Always install servers and optional devices starting from the bottom of the rack cabinet. v Connect all devices installed in a rack cabinet to power devices installed in the same rack cabinet. (R001) Safety notices vii . v An electrical outlet that is not correctly wired could place hazardous voltage on the metal parts of the system or the devices that attach to the system.) Do not pull out or install any drawer or feature if the rack stabilizer brackets are not attached to the rack. Ensure that air flow is not blocked or reduced on any side. v To avoid hazardous conditions due to uneven mechanical loading. v Always lower the leveling pads on the rack cabinet. v Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the supply circuit so that overloading of the circuits does not compromise the supply wiring or overcurrent protection. Do not pull out more than one drawer at a time.) This drawer is a fixed drawer and must not be moved for servicing unless specified by the manufacturer. v Always install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. or back of a unit used for air flow through the unit. front. The rack might become unstable if you pull out more than one drawer at a time. v Each rack cabinet might have more than one power cord.

v If a long-distance relocation is required. – Ensure that there are no empty U-levels between devices installed in the rack cabinet below the 32U level.). – Install stabilizer brackets on the rack cabinet. Ensure that there is no stabilizer bracket installed on the rack cabinet during movement. Also lower the leveling pads to raise the casters off of the pallet and bolt the rack cabinet to the pallet. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. – If you removed any devices from the rack cabinet. and cables are secure. Follow these general guidelines whenever you relocate a populated rack cabinet within a room or building: v Reduce the weight of the rack cabinet by removing equipment starting at the top of the rack cabinet. When possible. or equivalent. drawers. v Verify that the route that you choose can support the weight of the loaded rack cabinet. v Verify that all door openings are at least 760 x 230 mm (30 x 80 in. v Inspect the route that you plan to take to eliminate potential hazards. detach the rack cabinet from the suite. Pack the rack cabinet in the original packaging material. you must observe the following precautions: – Remove all devices in the 32U position and above. v v v v v Ensure that all devices. shelves. Ensure that the four leveling pads are raised to their highest position. v If the rack cabinet you are relocating is part of a suite of rack cabinets. – Ensure that the heaviest devices are installed in the bottom of the rack cabinet. If this configuration is not known. restore the rack cabinet to the configuration of the rack cabinet as you received it. Refer to the documentation that comes with your rack cabinet for the weight of a loaded rack cabinet. repopulate the rack cabinet from the lowest position to the highest position. doors. When the rack cabinet is in the new location. complete the following steps: – Lower the four leveling pads. (R002) (L001) (L002) viii SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .CAUTION: Removing components from the upper positions in the rack cabinet improves rack stability during relocation. Do not use a ramp inclined at more than 10 degrees.

or laser module. CAUTION: This product might contain one or more of the following devices: CD-ROM drive. Consult the label on each part for laser certification numbers and approval information. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in exposure to hazardous laser radiation.. v Use of the controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure. DVD-RAM drive. There are no serviceable parts inside the device. Note the following information: v Do not remove the covers.S. which are Class 1 laser products.(L003) or All lasers are certified in the U. to conform to the requirements of DHHS 21 CFR Subchapter J for class 1 laser products. DVD-ROM drive.S. Outside the U. (C026) Safety notices ix . they are certified to be in compliance with IEC 60825 as a class 1 laser product.

The DC battery return terminal shall not be connected to the chassis or frame ground. These interfaces are designed for use as intrabuilding interfaces only (Type 2 or Type 4 ports as described in GR-1089-CORE) and require isolation from the exposed OSP cabling. x SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . The addition of primary protectors is not sufficient protection to connect these interfaces metallically to OSP wiring. and avoid direct exposure to the beam. Do not view directly with optical instruments. Do not stare into the beam. never look into the end of an optical fiber cable or open receptacle. Note the following information: laser radiation when open. (C030) Power and cabling information for NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE The following comments apply to the IBM servers that have been designated as conforming to NEBS (Network Equipment-Building System) GR-1089-CORE: The equipment is suitable for installation in the following: v Network telecommunications facilities v Locations where the NEC (National Electrical Code) applies The intrabuilding ports of this equipment are suitable for connection to intrabuilding or unexposed wiring or cabling only. The dc-powered system employs an isolated DC return (DC-I) design. Note: All Ethernet cables must be shielded and grounded at both ends. For this reason. (C027) CAUTION: This product contains a Class 1M laser. (C028) CAUTION: Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. The intrabuilding ports of this equipment must not be metallically connected to the interfaces that connect to the OSP (outside plant) or its wiring. The ac-powered system does not require the use of an external surge protection device (SPD).CAUTION: Data processing environments can contain equipment transmitting on system links with laser modules that operate at greater than Class 1 power levels. do not view directly with optical instruments.

What's new in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Read about new or significantly changed information in SAS RAID controllers for IBM i since the previous update of this topic collection. v Updated the “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 table to include information about 57CD cards. 57CD. and 2BD9 cards. v Updated the “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 table to include information about 2BD9. 2BE1. September 2010 v Updated the “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 table to include information about 2BE0. and 57CF cards. 2011 1 . © Copyright IBM Corp. February 2010 v Added information for IBM Power Systems™ servers that contain the POWER7® processor. v Updated the SAS cabling considerations with SAS cable requirement details for integrated SAS RAID adapters. v Updated the Verifying the controller software table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards. 2BE1. 2010. v Added a procedure for “Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter” on page 47 March 2010 v Updated the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table to include information about 57C7 and 57CF cards.

2 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

General information is intended for all users of this product. v Embedded PowerPC® Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) processor. Service information is intended for a service representative trained on the system unit and the subsystem being serviced. v Advanced RAID features: – Hot spares for RAID 5 and 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. The tables in this section provide a breakdown of the main features of the SAS RAID PCI-X and PCIe controller cards. v Controller managed path redundancy and path switching for SAS devices with multiple ports. Note: The number of all physical SAS and SATA devices plus the number of logical RAID disk arrays must be less than 255 per controller. v Support for SAS devices and nondisk Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) devices. – Background parity checking. and hardware finite field multiplier (FFM) DMA engine for RAID 6. – Ability to increase the capacity of an existing RAID 5 or 6 disk array by adding disks. 2010. hardware XOR Direct Memory Access (DMA) engine. v Supports a maximum of 64 advanced function disks with a maximum of 255 devices. and optical devices. Feature comparison of SAS RAID cards Compare the main features of PCI-X and PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. tape. The SAS RAID controllers for IBM i have the following features: v PCI-X 266 system interface or PCI Express® (PCIe) system interface. There are also images of adapters for you to view. – Background data scrubbing. v Support for RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays and system mirroring. Use this information with your specific system unit and operating system documentation. © Copyright IBM Corp. – Optimized hardware for RAID 5 and 6 sequential write workloads. v Support for attachment of other devices such as non-RAID disks. v Optimized for SAS disk configurations that use dual paths through dual expanders for redundancy and reliability. – Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector. v Support nonvolatile write cache for RAID disk arrays on some adapters. providing cyclical redundancy checking (CRC) and logically bad-block checking. v Physical link speed of 3 Gbps SAS that supports transfer rates of 300 MB per second. – Optimized skip read-and-write disk support for transaction workloads. PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. v RAID disk arrays and non-RAID devices supported as a bootable device.SAS RAID controllers for IBM i Find usage and maintenance information regarding controllers for the serial-attached SCSI (SAS) Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID) for IBM i. 2011 3 .

and optionally one physical link to tape drive) RAID 5. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. system mirroring 175 MB Not applicable2 LiIon LiIon No No Yes4 Not applicable2 No No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes No No Auxiliary write No cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration No No Yes No Yes Yes No No No No Yes Yes 4 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . one 2x wide port to 2BD9 adapter. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 572A PCI-X 266 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 572C PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS adapter 572F and 575C 57B8 PCI-X 266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter PCI-X 266 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 2BD9 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache storage controller) Planar unique 64-bit PCI-X 2BE1 PCI-X266 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (RAID/cache enablement) Planar RAID enablement Form factor Low profile 64 bit PCI-X Planar integrated Long 64 bit PCI-X. RAID 6. double-wide card set 12 (bottom 3 mini SAS 4x connectors) and 2 (top mini SAS 4x connector for high availability only) Planar RAID enablement Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 81 81 6 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS drives and one 2x wide port to 2BE1 adapter) 8 (two 2x wide ports to shared SAS Drives. 6.Table 1. system mirroring Up to 1. one physical link to DVD drive. system mirroring 175 MB RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card RAID 53.6 Gb (compressed) Lithium ion RAID 5.5 Gb (compressed) Up to 1. RAID 6. 6. RAID System 63. system mirroring 175 MB RAID 5.

Figure 1. 4.Table 1. 3. but the battery power is supplied by the 57B7 controller through the backplane connections. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6 or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. which is physically located on the 575C Auxiliary Cache card. Some systems provide an external mini SAS 4x connector from the integrated backplane controller. 2. PCI-X SAS RAID controller card comparison (continued) Features 572A 572C 572F and 575C 57B8 2BD9 2BE1 1. The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. CCIN 572A PCI-X266 External Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 5 . The cache battery pack for both adapters is contained in a single battery field-replaceable unit (FRU). The controller contains battery-backed cache. Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers.

CCIN 57B8 planar RAID enablement card Figure 3. 6 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. There are also images of adapters for you to view.Figure 2. CCIN 572F PCI-X266 Ext Tri-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter and CCIN 575C PCI-X266 auxiliary cache adapter Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. Related information SAS subsystem for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B SAS subsystem for the 8231-E2B PCIe SAS RAID card comparison Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i.

system mirroring 175 MB RAID 51. PCIe SAS RAID controller card comparison Features Description 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter 57B7 PCIe x1 Auxiliary Cache adapter 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter 3 Gb x8 57CF PCI Express x8 planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID . system mirroring 175 MB Lithium ion Lithium ion Lithium ion Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes The write performance of RAID 5 and RAID 6 might be poor on adapters that do not provide write cache. system 61. or use solid-state drives (SSDs) where they are supported to improve write performance. RAID RAID 5. RAID 6. RAID 6. system mirroring mirroring RAID 5. Consider using an adapter that provides write cache when using RAID 5 or RAID 6. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 7 . RAID 61.Table 2. system mirroring 380 MB RAID 51.Dual IOA Enablement card) Form factor PCIe x8 PCIe x8 Planar Auxiliary Cache 2 Planar Planar and Double-wide PCIe x8 with 1 Enablement to 4 integrated card SSDs 4 (one direct SAS physical link to each integrated SSD) 8 Physical links 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 (two mini SAS 4x connectors) 8 RAID levels supported Write cache size Read cache size Cache battery pack technology Cache battery concurrent maintenance Cache data present LED Removable cache card Auxiliary write cache (AWC) support Dual storage IOA configuration Requires dual storage IOA configuration 1 RAID 5. RAID 6.

CCIN 57C7 PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS adapter (disk/media backplane) Figure 5. Figure 4. CCIN 57CF PCI Express x8 Planar 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter (with 175 MB Cache RAID .Adapter graphics View the SAS RAID controllers.Dual IOA Enablement card) 8 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

CCIN 57B7 Planar Auxiliary Cache Figure 7. CCIN 57B3 PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS adapter SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 9 .Figure 6.

CCIN 57CD PCIe SAS RAID and SSD Adapter 3 Gb x8 10 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . CCIN 574E PCIe x8 Ext Dual-x4 3 Gb SAS RAID adapter Figure 9.Figure 8.

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 11 . A port is identified by a unique SAS worldwide name (also called SAS address). An SAS expander enables connections between a controller port and multiple I/O device ports by routing connections between the expander ports. and I/O device ports. Using expanders creates more nodes in the path from the controller to the I/O device. A connection enables communication to a device. expanders. A controller is shown with eight SAS physical links. The uppermost port in the figure shows a controller-wide port number 6 that consists of physical link numbers 6 and 7. and expanders. A path is a logical point-to-point link between a SAS initiator port in the controller and a SAS target port in the I/O device (for example. Physical links are contained in SAS ports. which contain one or more physical links. One connector contains four physical links grouped into two ports. The controller can communicate to the I/O device over this connection by using either the SCSI command set or the Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA) and Advanced technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) command set depending on the device type. One differential signal transmits in one direction. SAS is an evolution of the parallel SCSI device interface into a serial point-to-point interface. The dashed red line indicates a path between the controller and an I/O device.Related concepts “Dual storage IOA configurations” on page 21 You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. If an I/O device supports multiple ports. The following example SAS subsystem shows some of the concepts described in this SAS overview. SAS architecture Serial-attached SCSI (SAS) architecture describes a serial device interconnection and transportation protocol that defines the rules for information exchange between devices. An SAS fabric refers to the summation of all paths between all SAS controller ports and all I/O device ports in the SAS subsystem including cables. Another path runs from the controller's port number 4 to the other port of the I/O device. while the other differential signal transmits in the opposite direction. Only a single connection through an expander can exist at any given time. Data can be transmitted in both directions simultaneously. Four of those physical links are connected into two different wide ports. Port 6 connects to an expander. enclosures. “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. which attaches to one of the dual ports of the I/O devices. If there is only one physical link in the port. a disk). The four-physical links connector can contain one to four ports depending on the type of cabling that is used. The SCSI Enclosure Services (SES) is a component of each expander. An SAS controller contains one or more SAS ports. A port is a wide port if there are more than one physical link in the port. it is a narrow port. SAS physical links are a set of four wires used as two differential signal pairs. These two paths provide two different connections for increased reliability by using redundant controller ports. more than one path to the device can exist when there are expander devices included in the path. A connection is a temporary association between a controller and an I/O device through a path. The connectors have no significance in SAS other than causing a physical wire connection.

the array controller can reconstruct the data for the failed disk by using the data stored on other hard drives within the array. If a disk failure occurs.Figure 10. Not all controllers support all RAID levels. different RAID levels help to recover lost data in different ways. If a disk failure occurs. Example SAS subsystem Disk arrays Disk arrays are groups of disks that work together with a specialized array controller to take advantage of potentially higher data transfer rates and data redundancy. System mirroring provides data redundancy by mirroring the same data across pairs of disks. This data reconstruction has little or no impact to current system programs and users. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operation. the disk can typically be replaced without interrupting normal system operations. The following information provides details for each supported RAID level. Supported RAID levels The RAID level of a disk array determines how data is stored on the disk array and the level of protection that is provided. The controller supports RAID levels 5 and 6 as well as system mirroring. If a part of the RAID system fails. Disk arrays use RAID technology to offer data redundancy and to provide improved data transfer rates over single large disks. 12 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Data redundancy The disk array controller tracks how the data is distributed across the disks. ensuring that data is not lost if a disk in the array fails. Each RAID level supported by the controller has its own attributes and uses a different method of writing data. RAID 5 and RAID 6 disk arrays provide data redundancy. If a single drive fails within an array.

RAID 5 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 6 array of four disks.Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. you can continue to use the array normally. The P and Q parity data. There are also images of adapters for you to view. If a second disk fails. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. RAID 6 stripes data across all disks in the array. For a RAID 5 array of three disks. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. A RAID 5 array that is operating with a single failed disk is said to be operating in degraded mode. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disk by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. Related information RAID 5 concepts RAID 6 Learn how data is written to a RAID 6 array. is spread across all the disks. RAID level 5 also writes array parity data. array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 13 . array data and parity information is written in the following pattern: Figure 11. RAID level 6 also writes array P and Q parity data. Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. RAID 5 If a disk fails in a RAID 5 array. Related information Device parity protection concepts RAID 5 Learn how data is written to a RAID 5 array. The parity data is spread across all the disks. There are also images of adapters for you to view.

Whenever data is read from a degraded disk array. Disk array capacities These guidelines help you calculate the capacity of a disk array. RAID level summary Compare RAID levels according to their capabilities. all disks are treated as if they have the capacity of the smallest disk. use the following methods: RAID 5 Multiply one fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. Related information RAID 6 concepts System mirroring Mirrored protection is beneficial if you have a multibus system or a system with a large single bus. The capacity of a disk array depends on the capacity of the disks that are used and the RAID level of the array. A RAID 6 array that is operating with a one or two failed disks is said to be operating in degraded mode. the array controller recalculates the data on the failed disks by using data and parity blocks on the operational disks. RAID 6 If one or two disks fail in a RAID 6 array. Note: If disks of different capacities are used in the same disk array. you can continue to use the array normally.Figure 12. the array is placed in the failed state and is not be accessible. If a third disk fails. System mirroring Multiply the number of disks by the disk capacity and divide by two. RAID 6 Multiply two fewer than the number of disks by the disk capacity. To calculate the capacity of a disk array. 14 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . A RAID 6 array with a single failed disk has similar protection to that of a RAID 5 array with no disk failures. Refer to Mirrored protection for more information. A greater number of disk units provides more opportunity for failure and increased recovery time.

94% Read performance Very good Write performance Good Devices per array Minimum: 3 Maximum: 18 RAID 6 Excellent 50% . usable disk capacity. Table 3. and write performance for each RAID level. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. RAID level summary RAID level RAID 5 Usable disk Data redundancy capacity Very good 67% . but has lower capacity. SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 15 . Provides better data redundancy than RAID 5 but with slightly lower capacity and possibly lower performance. RAID 6 Creates array "P" and "Q" parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if one or two disks in the array fail. Provides better performance than RAID 5 or RAID 6. System mirroring Stores data redundantly on mirrored pairs to provide maximum protection against disk failures.The following information provides data redundancy. Provides better capacity than System Mirroring but possibly lower performance. read performance.89% Very good Fair to good Minimum: 4 Maximum: 18 System mirroring Excellent 50% Excellent Very good Not applicable RAID 5 Creates array parity information so that the data can be reconstructed if a disk in the array fails.

16 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Verify other possible code prerequisites that are described in the following table and at IBM Prerequisite. Support for the controller is contained in the Licensed Internal Code of IBM i. For complete information related to the installation and maintenance of IBM i. see Fix Central.Controller software For the adapter to be identified and configured by IBM i. Verifying the controller software Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. and maintenance of the IBM i software support for the adapter. 2011 17 . verification.1.1 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i 6.1.1 or later1 IBM i 7.1 or later1 © Copyright IBM Corp. The adapter runs onboard microcode.1 or later1 IBM i 6. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i. Table 4. For the latest PTF group. Software for the adapter is packaged in Program Temporary Fix (PTF) format and distributed as part of the base IBM i installation media. HIPER (High Impact PERvasive) PTF. see the IBM System i® and IBM i Information Center website. Attention: Ensure that the adapters have the latest adapter microcode PTFs as part of the initial installation. The requisite software for the adapter is often preinstalled during IBM i installation.1. go to the Support & downloads website. 2010. and cumulative PTF packages for your release. the requisite software support must be installed. cumulative package media.1 or later1 IBM i 6. CCIN and version and release data CCIN (Custom card identification number) 572A 572C 572F and 575C 574E 57B3 57B7 57B8 57C7 57CD 57CF Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i V5R4M5 or later IBM i V5R4M5 or later1 IBM i 6. and through the Web-based Fix Delivery Center for IBM i. Although a version of adapter microcode might be distributed along with the IBM i. Newer PTFs might be available for the most current level of adapter microcode. this does not necessarily represent the most recent version of microcode that is available for the adapter. and search by entering your system type and controller type. It might be necessary to perform operations related to the installation. Contact your technical support to verify the latest PTFs available for your specific adapters. For the latest fixes and updates. This information is an overview of the IBM i software support that is required for the adapter.

1.1.1 or later1 IBM i 6. distributed. Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.1 or later1 1. See the PCI adapter information by feature type topic in Managing PCI adapters for the minimum IBM i level requirements.Table 4. CCIN and version and release data (continued) CCIN (Custom card identification number) 2BD9 2BE0 2BE1 Minimum required IBM i version and release IBM i 6. The standard IBM i technical support procedures can be used to determine the latest available level of adapter software support. and installed through the same mechanisms that are used for other portions of the IBM i Licensed Internal Code.1 or later1 IBM i 6. It might become necessary to install software updates so that you have the latest available level of adapter software support.1. Related information PCI adapter information by feature type 18 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Updates to the adapter software support are packaged.

v Work with disk units v Display disk configuration Note: This display shows disk unit details such as type. and details. status. v Disk unit management This procedure allows viewing disk status and disk unit details. Viewing IBM SAS disk information This procedure enables you to view SAS disk information. Using techniques. To view the SAS disk information and status.Common controller and disk array management tasks You can perform various tasks to manage SAS RAID disk arrays. SSDs are a storage device using nonvolatile solid-state memory. and protection status. such as wear leveling and overprovisioning. HDDs have an inherent latency and access time caused by mechanical delays in the spinning of the platter and movement of the read/write head. 2010. v Using hot spare disks Hot spare disks are used to automatically replace a disk that has failed in a RAID environment. to emulate HDDs. Use the information in this section to manage your SAS RAID disk arrays. Considerations for solid-state drives Use this information to understand the importance of controller functions when you use solid-state drives (SSD). SSDs greatly reduce the latency and time to access the stored data. model. The nature of solid-state memory is such that read operations can be performed faster than write operations and write cycles are limited. capacity. © Copyright IBM Corp. serial number. The system does not need to be in dedicated service mode to display disk information. v Managing disk arrays Refer to this topic to see the interface for performing various tasks with disk arrays. enterprise class SSDs are designed to withstand many years of continuous use. v Device parity protection The topic describes the use of device parity protection on IBM i. Some disk configuration functions do require dedicated service mode. operating status. typically flash memory. v Creating a disk array Use this procedure to start device parity protection. 2011 19 . SSD and HDD use Follow these guidelines when using SSDs and HHDs. see the following: v IBM i Service Functions v IBM i Dedicated Service Tools (DST) options Note: The disk unit information options can also be accessed through System Service Tools. Hard-disk drives (HDD) use a spinning magnetic platter to store nonvolatile data in magnetic fields.

contain SSDs which are integrated on the adapter. v It is important to plan for hot-spare devices when you use arrays of SSDs. v See Installing and configuring solid-state drives to identify specific configuration and placement requirements related to the SSD devices. or by system mirroring. v It is preferred that SSDs be protected by RAID 5. A mirrored pair must only contain SSDs or HDDs. RAID 6. See the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison table for features and additional information for your specific adapter type. v Some adapters. A disk array must only contain SSDs or HDDs.v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs within the same disk array. Related information Installing and configuring Solid State Drives 20 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . An HDD hot-spare device replaces a failed device for an HDD disk array. v Do not mix SSDs and HDDs with system mirroring in the same mirrored pair. An SSD hot-spare device replaces a failed device in an SSD disk array. known as RAID and SSD adapters.

Multi-initiator configuration RAID Dual storage IOA v Two controllers v Both controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Both controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition Operating system mirroring v Four controllers (two pairs of controllers) v Each pair of controllers must have the same write cache capability and write cache sizes v Each pair of controllers must support dual storage IOA configuration v Controllers are in the same system or partition The following figure illustrates an example of a Dual storage IOA configuration with RAID. This table describes what is needed to have dual storage with different kinds of disk protection. 2010. There are also images of adapters for you to view. See the PCI-X SAS RAID cards or the PCIe SAS RAID card comparison tables to look for controllers that have dual storage IOA configurations. Table 5. Disk protection with dual storage. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Possible disk storage IOA configurations This topic shows a table illustrating what is needed to have dual storage IOA configurations with RAID or operating system mirroring and images of dual storage IOA configurations. Related concepts “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i.Dual storage IOA configurations You can increase availability using a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration to connect multiple controllers to a common set of disk expansion drawers and the included disks and disk arrays. © Copyright IBM Corp. Note: Not all controllers support all configurations. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. 2011 21 .

Figure 13. Dual storage IOA system mirroring configuration Dual storage IOA functions Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions. Dual storage IOA RAID configuration Figure 14. 22 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

v If the primary controller loses contact with the disks that are also accessible by the secondary controller. For example. such as creating a disk array. one controller detects more disk drives than the other. Typical reasons for the primary and secondary controllers to switch roles from what was expected are as follows: v Controllers switch roles for asymmetric reasons. only one controller in the pair is optimized for the disk array. Controller support is shown in the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards. The controller optimized for a disk array is the one that directly accesses the physical devices for I/O operations. no mode jumpers or special configuration settings are needed. For all dual storage IOA configurations. Disk array errors might also be logged on the secondary controller if a disk array is optimized on the secondary controller at the time the error occurred. If the secondary controller detects that the primary controller is going offline. v Downloading controller microcode might cause an automatic transition (failover) to occur. Look for controllers that have Dual Storage IOA configuration marked as Yes. Both controllers are capable of performing direct I/O accesses (read and write operations) to the disk arrays. one controller functions as the primary controller. v Failure of the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. compare device information. it switches roles to become the primary controller. through the SAS fabric.Use of the dual storage IOA function requires controller and IBM i software support. Primary controllers perform management of the physical devices. The controllers communicate with each other. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. The primary controller logs most errors that are related to problems with a disk array. The other controller functions as the secondary controller and is not capable of physical device management. v Powering off the primary controller causes an automatic transition (failover) to occur. When the original primary controller comes back online. to the optimized controller. The IBM i software levels that are required for multi-initiator support are identified in the Controller software verification topic. The controller that is not optimized for a disk array forwards read and write requests. At any given time. If the secondary controller is able to find devices that are not found by the primary controller. it becomes the secondary controller. and switch roles. an automatic transition (failover) occurs. Dual storage IOA configurations 23 . A configuration error is logged if the write caches for the controllers are not the same size. Controllers connected in a dual storage IOA configuration must have the same write cache size (assuming that they support write cache). When you configure a controller for a dual storage IOA configuration.

Perform the following steps to view details about your adapters. This is an example of the display: SAS RAID controllers for IBM i 24 . 2. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. 5. This table describes controller functions that are supported with dual storage IOA configurations. 4. but these disks can be formatted to 528 bytes per sector. SAS controller functions. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. 2. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. IOPs. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. 3.Related concepts “Verifying the controller software” on page 17 Verify the minimum software support that is required for your specific controller. The operating mode can be viewed by using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display. Viewing dual storage IOA attributes This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu. “PCIe SAS RAID card comparison” on page 6 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI Express (PCIe) SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Table 6. “PCI-X SAS RAID card comparison” on page 3 Use the table in this topic to compare the features of the various PCI-X SAS RAID cards for IBM i. Type 5 (Display detail) in front of Storage IOA to get details about the storage IOA. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector are not to be used functionally. 6. 1. Controller functions Disks formatted to 512 bytes per sector Disks formatted to 528 bytes per sector Dual storage IOA configurations No1 Yes Mirrored write cache between controllers that have write Yes cache Mirrored RAID parity footprints between controllers Dual paths to disks System-level mirroring IBM-qualified disk drives IBM-qualified disk expansion drawers Tape or optical devices Load source capable Operating mode 2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Primary or secondary adapter 1. There are also images of adapters for you to view. Type 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the adapter that you want. Dual storage IOA function attributes Find out which controller functions are supported with dual storage IOA configurations.

. . . . . . . . : Controller . : I/O bus . : System bus System board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Serial number . . . . . . . . . . . . : Operating mode . . . . . . . . : Cache size (MB) . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Type-model . . . . . . . . . . . . . Primary Storage IOA F3=Exit F5=Refresh F12=Cancel F6=Print F14=Dual Storage IOA Configuration F9=Change detail 7. . . . . . . . . . : Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . : Not used 127 Device . . . : Resource name .. . . . Press F14 (Dual Storage IOA Configuration) to view a list of both adapters in the dual storage IOA pair. : 517 0 0 System card . . . . : More. : Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational YL3028269C6B 0000044V4198 DC10 380 Status . This is an example of the display: Dual storage IOA configurations 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . : Part number . . .Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail Description . : I/O adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . : PCI bus . . . . . . . . . .

Follow these guidelines when you cable your system. X cables provide redundancy for two wide SAS ports between each controller and disk expansion drawer. 2=Change detail 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 8=Associated packaging resource(s) 9=Resources associated with controlling IOP Resource Opt Name _ _ DC10 DC09 TypeModel Status Serial Number YL3028269C6B YL3028270DA0 Operating Mode Primary Storage IOA Secondary Storage IOA 574E-001 Operational 574E-001 Operational F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F12=Cancel 8. To see examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations. press Enter. AT cables are used. This provides redundancy similar to X cables. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations with a 5802 or 5803 PCIe 12X I/O drawer. type 5 (Display detail) in front of the adapter that you want. SAS topology is incorporated with in the IO drawer wiring. Look for the following sections for examples of how to cable dual storage IOA configurations: v Two SAS adapters to disk expansion drawer – multi-initiator HA RAID configuration 26 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . For additional details on how to set up a configuration. v For RAID configurations with internal SAS disk slots. see Serial attached SCSI cable planning. and it also provides redundancy for two narrow SAS ports for each disk drive. v For RAID configurations on a 5886 EXP 12S disk expansion drawer. SAS cabling considerations Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration.Dual Storage IOA Configuration Type options. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To see details about each individual adapter. see “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29. YR cables provide redundancy for two narrow SAS ports between each controller and internal disk enclosure.

This can significantly affect performance. It also enables the system to optimize disk arrays on each controller. Separate SAS cables are not required to connect the two integrated SAS RAID adapters to each other. The controller is designed to minimize performance impacts when running in a dual storage IOA configuration. Best performance is achieved when the dual storage IOA access characteristics on each disk array have a balanced workload. The system only sends read and write operations down the active path. When using RAID 5 and RAID 6. see Changing parity set optimization. Dual storage IOA configurations 27 . This attribute sets an even number of disk arrays (for example. This happens when the two controllers have an equal number of disk arrays with active paths to the disk units. When creating disk arrays.v PCIe SAS adapter in PCIe 12X I/O drawer to the internal SAS disk slots v Two SAS adapters to internal SAS disk slots in models 9117-MMA and 9406-MMA Note: Some systems have SAS RAID adapters integrated onto the system boards and use a Cache RAID Dual IOA Enablement Card (for example. which also causes only a slight impact to performance. specifies which controller is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. Related information Serial attached SCSI cable planning Performance considerations Controller failures can affect performance. Dual storage IOA access characteristics can balance the controller workload. For controllers with write cache. If one controller fails in a dual storage IOA configuration. and so forth) to be created. To change the parity set optimization. The dual storage IOA access characteristics for a disk array. particularly when using RAID 5 and RAID 6. parity footprints are mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memory. The other controller contains the passive path. parity set. 4. 2. set the parity set optimization to Performance. 6. contains the active path to the disk units in the disk array.Dual IOA Enablement Card places the two integrated adapters into a dual storage IOA configuration. Related concepts “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” on page 29 Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. the remaining controller disables write caching (if auxiliary cache is not also provided by the controllers) and begins to keep an additional copy of parity footprints on disk. all cache data is mirrored between the controller's nonvolatile memories. As a result. the two controllers will have an equal number of disk units with an active path. which causes only a slight impact to performance. Dual storage IOA access optimization View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. FC5662) to enable storage adapter write cache and dual storage IOA (HA RAID mode). It performs direct read and write operations to the physical devices. The passive path is only used if the active path fails. installation of the Cache RAID . For these configurations. The controller that is preferred to be optimized for the disk array. The system selects the disk units and dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array.

2. This figure shows RAID arrays with primary and secondary adapters. 3. Select Display disk configuration from the Work with Disk Configuration display. Display Disk Path Status Serial ASP Unit Number * * Y6800024F78E * * * * * * * * * * * * Y680002AEB3D Y6800024F754 Y6800024F771 Y68000268517 Y680002B31DD Y6800024F74D Resource Type Model Name 433C 099 DMP001 DMP002 433C 099 DMP003 DMP004 433C 099 DMP005 DMP006 433C 099 DMP007 DMP008 433C 099 DMP009 DMP010 433C 099 DMP011 DMP012 433C 099 DMP013 DMP014 Path Status Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active Passive More. Press Enter to continue. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F11=Display encryption status F9=Display disk unit details F12=Cancel 28 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Select Display path status on the Display Disk Configuration display. Viewing the active or passive path of disk units To view the active or passive path of the disk units.. Dual storage IOA optimization..Figure 15. Select Work with disk units on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. complete the following steps. 1.

follow the steps exactly as written. which is available as a program temporary fix (PTF) as part of the initial installation.. Attention: Ensure that the adapters are updated with the latest adapter microcode. Related information Changing parity set optimization Installing dual storage IOA configurations Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. To avoid problems during installation. Perform the following steps to install a dual storage IOA configuration Dual storage IOA configurations 29 . Press F11 (function key) until Path Role is shown. Select the Virtual IOP by typing a 9 (Resources associated with IOP) in front of the desired IBM dual storage IOA. Select Logical hardware resources (buses. F3=Exit F5=Refresh F6=Print F8=Include non-reporting resources F9=Failed resources F10=Non-reporting resources F11=Display status/resource name F12=Cancel Opt Description Virtual IOP Storage IOA Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Disk Unit Type-Model 572F-001 572F-001 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433B-099 433C-099 433C-099 433C-099 433B-099 Path Role Related concepts “Dual storage IOA functions” on page 22 Consider these factors when using dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) functions.. 6. “Installing dual storage IOA configurations” Use this procedure to install a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. 5. Logical Hardware Resources Associated with IOP Type options. press Enter. Select Hardware service manager on the Start a Service Tool menu. Select System bus resources on the Logical Hardware Resources on the System Bus menu.Viewing the active or passive path role for a controller To 1. Go to the IBM Prerequisites website and click the Feature Prerequisites tab. Attention: Disk arrays can be created either before or after the dual storage IOA configuration is set up. Select Start a service tool on the Use System Service Tools (SST) menu. controllers) on the Hardware Service Manager menu. Each controller requires a supported release of IBM i and other possible code prerequisites. IOPs. view the active or passive path role for a controller. 2. 3. complete the following steps. 2=Change detail 4=Remove 5=Display detail 6=I/O debug 7=Verify 8=Associated packaging resource(s) Resource Name * CMB01 DC02 Active DMP002 Passive DMP004 Active DMP006 Passive DMP008 Active DMP010 Active DMP012 Active DMP014 Passive DMP016 Passive DMP018 More. 4.

1. see PCI adapters for the 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B systems or PCI adapters for the 8231-E2B. For examples on how to cable the Dual storage IOA configurations. Verify that all prerequisites are permanently applied. Power on your system or partition. To prevent errors while connecting the cables. 4. see “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24. Install the SAS controllers on the system or partition. perform a normal shutdown of the system or partition before you attach the cables. Related concepts “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26 Cabling your system correctly is one of the most important aspects of planning for a dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration. Attach the necessary SAS cables from the shared disk enclosure to the same SAS connector on each controller. as applicable. Best performance is achieved when dual storage IOA access characteristics for each disk array are such that the workload is balanced between the two controllers. Related tasks “Viewing dual storage IOA attributes” on page 24 This topic collection provides the details for using the Auxiliary Storage Hardware Resource Detail display to obtain dual storage I/O adapter (IOA) configuration information. 6.See “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 and create or change the RAID configuration as necessary. see “SAS cabling considerations” on page 26. 7. 5. “Dual storage IOA access optimization” on page 27 View the active or passive path of your disk units and controller. 2. 3. Related information Installing PCI adapters 30 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . For instructions. Note: Do not attach any cables to the SAS controllers. Verify that the cabling and functioning of the controllers are correct by using the Dual Storage IOA configuration screen.

2010. type strsst. v Do not confuse the cache directory card.SAS RAID controller maintenance Ensure optimal performance of your controller by using these maintenance procedures. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. v You can physically move disks from one controller to another. To help avoid controller and disk array problems. button-shaped batteries. ensure that the disk array is not in an unprotected state because of a disk failure. © Copyright IBM Corp. be sure to move all the disks in the array as a group. use the following tips: v Perform a normal system shutdown before physically replacing or moving the RAID controller or members of disk arrays. A normal shutdown of the system flushes the controller's write cache and remove dependencies between the controller and the disks. rechargeable cache battery pack. This action avoids loss of data and disk-array-related problems the next time that these disks are used. Displaying rechargeable battery information Use this procedure to view information about the controller rechargeable battery using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM® i operating system. Rechargeable battery maintenance Rechargeable battery maintenance tasks include displaying rechargeable battery information. v If the load source disk is part of a disk array and the system fails to IPL because of a suspected disk array problem. v When physically removing disks that are members of a disk array. The write cache memory itself is battery-backed by the large. follow the appropriate Isolation Procedures for problem determination. 2011 31 . No system shutdown is required. Do not remove this card except under specific recovery cases as described in the Isolation Procedures. which is a small rectangular card with round. and other tools are available on the Dedicated Service Tools menu to help determine and resolve the problem with the disk array. v Always use the Device Concurrent Maintenance option to remove and replace a disk. forcing a rechargeable battery error. Failure to follow these procedures might result in data loss. However. for a removable cache card. Note: Disks that are failed members of an unprotected (exposed) disk array can be replaced and the disk unit data rebuilt while the system continues to run. Before attempting a disk movement. Use Error Log Analysis to determine what actions to perform. The nonvolatile write cache memory is integrated into the controller. v Do not attempt to correct problems by swapping controllers and disks unless you are directed to do so by the service procedures. Press Enter. remove the disks from the auxiliary storage pool (ASP) and then stop RAID on the disk array before removing the disks. If multiple errors occur at approximately the same time. Powering off the PCI slot using concurrent maintenance options in Hardware Service Manager (HSM) has the same effect as it would on a single controller when the PWRDWNSYS command is used. 1. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are moved. IPL the system or partition using D-IPL media (CD/DVD or SAVESYS media). and when appropriate. 2. On the command line. Error Log Analysis. and replacing the rechargeable cache battery pack. The cache directory card contains only a secondary copy of the write cache directory and no cache data. The system or partition must be powered off normally before disks are physically removed. look at them as a whole to determine if there is a common cause. v Do not unplug or exchange a cache battery pack without following the procedures as outlined in this section or in the Isolation Procedures. if the disks are members of a disk array.

. . . . . select Start a Service Tool. . . : DC01 YL3229021013 572F-001 U5094. . : Serial number . : Actual type-model . On the System Service Tools (SST) display. . . . . . . . . .001. . . : . . b. . . . . . . . .: Battery pack can be safely replaced : Yes No The following are the fields displayed on the rechargeable battery information screen: Resource name The resource name of the selected controller. . . . . . . . . 4. . : Planar ID . .10XS187 CB1 C01 Lithium Ion (LiIon) No battery warning/error 215 236 673 756 Battery state . . . . . c. : Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time to error (days) Concurrently maintainable . . . . . . select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. . . . . : Adjusted power-on time (days) . . . . . . . : Power-on time (days) . Select Display battery information. a. . . . On the Hardware Service Manager display. Press Enter. type your service tools user ID and service tools password. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Serial number Serial number of the selected controller Actual type-model CCIN of the selected controller Unit ID Enclosure feature identifier containing the selected controller Planar ID Planar identifier containing the selected controller Card Physical card slot identifier containing the selected controller Battery Type The type of rechargeable cache battery pack. . . . . . . . . . On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. . : Card . . Battery Information Resource name . . . Press Enter. . . Press Enter. . . . . . : : battery pack . . . . select Hardware Service Manager. . . . . . .3. : Unit ID . . On the Start a Service Tool display. . . Press Enter. . : Battery type .

Error condition An error condition currently exists and an error has been logged. until a message is issued indicating that the replacement of the rechargeable cache battery pack must be scheduled. in units of days. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the Replacing a battery pack section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. The new battery pack may take several hours to charge. Note: Some rechargeable cache battery packs are negatively affected by higher temperatures and thus are prorated based on the amount of time that they spend at various ambient temperatures. Battery state No battery warning/error No warning or error condition currently exists. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. v Data caching becomes disabled on the selected controller. of the rechargeable cache battery pack. Unknown Information is not available to determine whether a warning or error condition currently exists.Battery State Indicates if an error condition currently exists related to the rechargeable cache battery pack. Power-on time (days) Indicates the raw power-on time. Estimated time to error (days) Estimated time. Warning condition A warning condition currently exists and an error has been logged. Battery pack can be safely replaced Indicates if the controller's write cache has been disabled and the rechargeable cache battery pack can be safely replaced. Estimated time to warning (days) Estimated time. the cache battery pack must be in an error state before replacing it. until an error is reported indicating that the rechargeable cache battery pack must be replaced. Forcing the battery error results in the following: v The system logs an error. in units of days. in units of days. v The battery pack can be safely replaced field on the controller rechargeable battery information screen indicates Yes. This ensures that all cache data is written to disk before battery replacement. v System performance could become significantly degraded until the cache battery pack is replaced and charging of the new battery pack has completed. in units of days. Error state The cache battery pack must be in an error state before you replace it. v Cache data present LED stops flashing. Adjusted power-on time (days) Indicates the adjusted (prorated) power-on time. SAS RAID controller maintenance 33 . The possible values for this field are: Table 7. To prevent possible data loss. Concurrently maintainable battery pack Indicates if the rechargeable cache battery pack can be replaced while the controller continues to operate.

On the hardware Service Manager display. For information about maintaining the rechargeable battery using the AIX® or Linux operating systems. the battery must be disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. b. replace the cache battery pack. verify that the correct I/O adapter has been selected. select Force battery pack into error state for the I/O card. Sign on to the system with at least service level authority. Press Enter. select Work with resources containing cache battery packs. Press Enter. do the following steps on the system or partition that is using the adapter. contact your next level of support before continuing this procedure.” 7. Note: When replacing the cache battery pack. Press Enter. select Start a Service Tool. type strsst. Press Enter. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. To force the cache battery pack into an error state. 4. To resume normal operations. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select Display battery information and verify that the Battery pack can be safely replaced field indicates yes. On the Start a Service Tool display. Replace the cache battery pack using the procedure that sent you here. Press Enter. Press Enter. On the System Service Tools (SST) Sign On display. b. 34 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . type your service tools user ID and service tools password. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the “Replacing a battery pack” section to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. 1. On the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display. Forcing a rechargeable battery error Use this procedure to place the controller's rechargeable battery into an error state using the Hardware Service Manager in the IBM i operating system. select Hardware Service Manager. On the Force Battery Packs Into Error State display. Verify that the cache data present light emitting diode (LED) is no longer flashing before replacing the cache battery pack. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. e. For a list of replacement procedures. c. d. If it does not indicate yes. and press the function key that confirms your choice. Ensure that you have the correct type and quantity of cache battery packs to do the replacement. This topic applies to the IBM i operating system. Press Enter. On the command line. 6. 3. 2. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. see SAS RAID controller for AIX or SAS RAID controller for Linux.This error state requires replacement of the cache battery. On the System Service Tools (SST) display. 5. Replacing a battery pack Follow these guidelines before replacing your battery pack. see “Replacing a battery pack. The cache battery pack for the 572F storage I/O adapter and the 575C auxiliary cache adapter is contained in a single battery field replacement unit (FRU) that is physically located on the 575C auxiliary cache adapter. a. The functions of forcing a battery pack error and starting the adapter cache on either adapter in the card set results in the same function automatically being performed on the other adapter in the card set.

(If your device is a controller. Attention: To prevent data loss. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around you. If the cache data present LED is flashing. keep this device in its antistatic protective bag until you are ready to install it. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. so it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. Have the IBM part number for the battery unit available when you call. call 1-800-426-4333. See your system documentation for instructions. Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack. To avoid possible explosion. (This duration drains static electricity from the package and from your body. v Do not leave the device where others can handle and possibly damage the device. if the cache battery pack is not already in the error state. Unplug the battery connector (B) from its connector on the adapter. v While the device is still in its antistatic package. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. read the following precautions: v Limit your movement. 2. do not burn. follow the steps described in Forcing a rechargeable battery error before proceeding. If it is necessary to set the device down. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. v Handle the device carefully. Remove the controller from the system. v Do not touch solder joints. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected.) v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into your system unit without setting it down. as heating reduces indoor humidity and increases static electricity. place it component-side up.) Do not place the device on your system unit cover or on a metal table. place it on its static-protective package. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. For information. IBM has a process for the collection of this battery. SAS RAID controller maintenance 35 . 3. holding it by its edges or its frame. or exposed printed circuitry. See the feature descriptions and the figures in the following sections to determine if your adapter has a cache data present LED and the location of the LED. Recycle or discard the battery as instructed by local regulations. To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge. pins. The plug connects to the board in only one way. In the United States. 1. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Replacing a 572B nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572B. To avoid damage. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug.Note: The battery is a lithium ion battery. touch it to an unpainted metal part of the system unit for at least 2 seconds. Attention: Static electricity can damage this device and your system unit. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Exchange only with the IBM-approved part.

so it cannot be inserted incorrectly. If the rivets (C) cannot be pressed through the back of the adapter. Turn the adapter over and press the rivets (C) back into the adapter. 36 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . f. 8. remove the two pins (D) that are inserted inside of the rivets. Remove the cache battery pack (A) from the adapter. 5. Slide the card off the edge of the work area enough so rivet (C) can be pressed out of the back of the adapter. 6. Press the rivets through the back of the adapter and remove the battery pack (A) from the adapter. 7. but small enough that it does not slide over the rivet and contact the battery assembly bracket. d.Figure 16. Reinsert the pins (D) into the rivets from the back of the adapter. Repeat steps 5b and 5c for the other rivet (C). place the pen on top of rivet (C). b. Locate a retractable ballpoint pen. and gently press straight down until rivet (C) presses out. Removing the cache battery (A) Cache battery pack (B) Battery connector (C) Plastic rivet (D) Plastic pin 4. e. Release the rivets (C) that secure the battery assembly to the adapter. Install the new battery pack. The small opening must be large enough so that the pen (or equivalent) can go around the tip of the rivet. Connect the cache battery pack connector (B) to the adapter. Note: A medium-sized retractable ballpoint pen is preferred. Hold the pen with the ballpoint retracted. or an equivalent item with a small opening can be used. (A) onto the press rivets (C) of the adapter. c. From the back of the adapter. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. follow these steps to press out the rivets with a ballpoint pen: a. Locate the two plastic rivets (C) that hold the cache battery pack in place.

Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. 3. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: SAS RAID controller maintenance 37 . It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. locate the metal cover (A) that holds the battery pack. If the cache data present LED is flashing. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. 1.9. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Complete the following steps to replace a 572F/575C concurrent maintainable battery pack. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. 4. Remove the battery unit by pulling on tab (C). Pull out on the push-rivet (B) to release the metal cover (A). determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. Replacing a 572F/575C card set concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 572F/575C card set. Ensure that the replacement cache battery pack is fully seated. Figure 17. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards present LED and its location. Reinstall the adapter. Replacing the 572F/575C cache battery (A) Metal cover (B) Push-rivet (C) Tab 2.

38 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Complete the following steps to replace a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack. b. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. pull out the cache battery pack ( B ). Press Enter. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replacing a 574E concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 574E. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. Squeeze tab (D) against tab (E) to disengage the battery retaining tab. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. do not continue. Figure 18.a. 1. verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. If the cache data present LED is flashing. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. and remove it from the controller. Replacing the 574E cache battery (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache data present LED (D) Cache battery tab (E) Cache battery tab 2. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Important: Use caution when squeezing tabs because the plastic parts can be fragile. return to Forcing a rechargeable battery error. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. If it is flashing.

do not continue. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. If it is flashing. b. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components.3. Install the new cache battery pack by reversing this procedure. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. Replacing a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack Use this procedure to replace the concurrent maintainable battery pack on adapter type CCIN 57B7. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack. If the cache data present LED is flashing. Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Removing the 57B7 cache battery 2. return to “Forcing a rechargeable battery error” on page 34. Ensure that the replacement cache battery back is fully seated. Complete the following steps to replace a 57B7 concurrent maintainable battery pack. See the feature comparison tables for PCIe and PCI-X cards and the following figures to determine whether your adapter has a cache data present LED and its location. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. SAS RAID controller maintenance 39 . verify that the cache data present LED (C) is not flashing. Move the cache battery lever (A) away from the connector to disengage the battery from the connector. 1. Attention: Before continuing with this procedure. Press Enter. do not replace the cache battery pack or data will be lost. 4. (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache present LED Figure 19.

3. Replacing the 57B7 cache battery (A) Cache battery lever (B) Cache battery pack (C) Cache battery connector 5. see Removing and replacing the 9117-MMB or 9179-MHB 175 MB cache RAID . Continue to slide the cache battery pack out of the mounting guides and remove it from the controller. To replace the 57CF cache battery pack. 6.dual IOA enablement card cache battery pack. Using the following illustration to locate the battery components. b. move the lever to the latched position to fully seat the battery into the connector. 40 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . After the battery is seated in the connector. 4. This duration is the minimum amount of time needed for the card to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Replacing a 57CF cache battery pack Learn how to replace the 57CF cache battery pack. Figure 20. Press Enter. move the lever to the unlatched position (away from the connector). Restart the adapter's write cache by doing the following: a. Ensure that you get the message Cache was started. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. Return to the Work with Resources containing Cache Battery Packs display and select the Start IOA cache. 7. Slide the new cache battery pack into the mounting guides on the controller until it is seated in the battery connector.

In addition. therefore. Remove the controller from the system. it is important to understand that these features have implications on the SAS configuration and data accessibility of the system. It is important to understand the differences between the various configurations and the resulting service considerations. Note: Ensure that the cache battery pack is disconnected for at least 60 seconds before connecting the new battery. 3. Review the SAS subsystem topic to understand the various SAS configuration and service considerations. Place the controller on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. It is safe to replace the cache battery pack when Yes is displayed next to Battery pack can be safely replaced. This is the minimum amount of time needed for the adapter to recognize that the battery has been replaced. Attention: Before continuing with this procedures. Unplug the battery connector (A) from its connector on the adapter. squeezing the retaining latch while gently pulling on the plug. For more information. See Displaying rechargeable battery information. see Control panel LEDs. Attention: To maintain system availability and prevent possible data loss. SAS RAID controller maintenance 41 . consider possible impacts to the following areas: v v v v Logical partitions and their I/O adapter assignments RAID array configurations Physical disk locations Path to your boot device Complete the following steps to replace a nonconcurrent maintainable battery pack: 1. determine that it is safe to replace the cache battery pack.Removing and replacing a cache battery pack Use this procedure to replace the cache battery pack on a battery card. review the I/O configurations for each logical partition on your system. it cannot be inserted incorrectly during the replacement procedure. see Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller. Identify the system that you will be working on by using the identify the system process to turn on the system locate (blue) indicator. 2. For more information. Before servicing or installing any features. The plug connects to the board in only one way.

42 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . secured by standoffs with retaining pins. 5. allowing the holes in the plate to squeeze the retaining features of the pins. To remove the battery assembly.Figure 21. Removing the cache battery (A) Battery connector (B) Cache battery pack 4. pull the tabs of the black mounting plate up. The battery is mounted on a black plastic plate with two tabs. Install the battery on to the posts until the latches click into place.

SAS RAID controller maintenance 43 . Reinstall the adapter and restart the cache. Replacing the cache battery 6. carefully follow this procedure. see the following procedures: v Removing and replacing the cache battery card v Removing the model 8202-E4B or 8205-E6B RAID/cache storage controller Separating the 572F/575C card set and moving the cache directory card When the maintenance procedures direct you to separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card on a 572F controller for recovery purposes. complete the following steps. Important: To avoid loss of cache data. Attention: All cards are sensitive to electrostatic discharge. See Handling static-sensitive devices before beginning this procedure. do not remove the cache battery during this procedure. For more information. Label both sides of the card before separating them. Connect the cache battery pack connector (A) to the adapter. 7.Figure 22. The plug connects to the adapter in only one way. v If you are removing the adapter from a double-wide cassette. 1. Reinsert the pins into the rivets from the rear of the adapter. Notes: v This procedure should only be performed if directed from an isolation procedure or a maintenance analysis procedure (MAP). To separate the 572F/575C card set and move the cache directory card. go to the procedures in your system unit's service information for removing a double-wide adapter from a double-wide cassette. therefore it cannot be inserted incorrectly. 8.

then. Figure 24. as shown in the following figure. remove the screws C from the 572F storage adapter.2. 572F/575C card set adapter 3. Figure 23. set the adapters on the ESD protective surface. Location of screws on the 572F/575C card set adapter C Screws 4. Important: Failure to loosen all five retaining screws prior to removing any of the screws can result in damage to the card. loosen all five retaining screws C before removing any of them. After all five retaining screws have been loosened. Grasp the 572F and 575C adapters close to the interconnect connector A . 44 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . To prevent possible card damage. Place the 572F/575C card set adapter on an ESD protective surface and orient it as shown in Figure 23. and carefully pull the connector apart.

Turn the 572F storage adapter over so the components are facing up. pivot the cache directory card back over the mounting pegs. Location of interconnect connector on the 572F/575C card set adapter A Interconnect connector 5. Locate the cache directory card D on the 572F storage adapter.Figure 25. Figure 26. Unseat the connector on the cache directory card by wiggling the two corners that are farthest from the mounting pegs. SAS RAID controller maintenance 45 . Cache directory card D Cache directory card 6. To disengage the mounting pegs. The cache directory card is the small rectangular card mounted on the I/O card.

apply pressure to completely squeeze the connector together. 8. Figure 28. To prevent possible card damage. carefully align guide pins B on each side of the interconnect connector A . insert all five screws C before tightening any of them. When connecting the two adapters together. Unseating the connector 7.Figure 27. perform the preceding procedure in reverse order. After the connector is seated correctly. Move the cache directory card to the replacement 572F storage adapter and seat it on the connector and mounting pegs. To reassemble the cards. Reassembling the cards A Interconnect connector B Guide pins 46 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Return to the procedure that sent you here. Note: Each of the levers (A) undocks two SSDs at a time. Replacing an SSD module on the PCIe RAID and SSD SAS adapter Use this procedure to replace an integrated solid-state drive (SSD) on a PCIe serial-attached SCSI (SAS) RAID and SSD Adapter. Remove the adapter handle B as shown in Figure 29. Remove the adapter from the system. SAS RAID controller maintenance 47 . perform the following steps: a. This ends this procedure. Lift the lever (A) for the SSD that you are replacing to a fully vertical position. Place the adapter on a surface that is electrostatic-discharge protected. Figure 29. See the documentation for your system for removing a PCI RAID and SSD SAS adapter from the system.C Screws 9. 3. Cassette adapter handle attachment A Push-rivets B Adapter handle b. See the procedures in your system unit's service information for installing a double-wide adapter in a double-wide cassette. 2. Complete the following steps to perform a nonconcurrent SSD replacement on a PCIe SAS RAID and SSD adapter: Note: When an SSD on the PCIe adapter fails. the entire adapter must be removed from the system prior to replacing the individual SSD. Cassette installations only: If you are installing the 572F/575C card set adapter into a cassette. If you removed the double-wide PCI adapter from a cassette in the beginning of this procedure. 10. reinstall the adapter into the double-wide cassette to complete the installation. 1. See PCI adapters.

Lifting the levers 4. Figure 31.Figure 30. With the lever (A) in the vertical position. firmly push the lever (A) away from the adapter tailstock to undock the two SSDs from their connectors. Pushing the lever away from the adapter tailstock 5. Lift the single device retaining latch (B) for only the SSD that you are replacing by first moving it away from the center of the SSD divider and then lifting it to a fully vertical position. 48 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

Install the replacement SSD by performing steps 7 to 2 on page 47 in the reverse order. Reinstall the adapter in the system. Using the device access finger openings (C). Grasp the SSD and continue to remove it from the adapter. See PCI adapters . Pushing the SSD that is being replaced 7. SAS RAID controller maintenance 49 . push the single SSD that you are replacing out of the device holder. 8. Lifting the device retaining latch 6. Note: Ensure that the device retaining latch and undocking lever are in the fully closed position. 9.Figure 32. Figure 33.

If you replaced the SSD as a part of another procedure. Enter 1 in front of the required adapter resource to display resource path information. The screen displayed looks similar to the following example: Figure 34. 2. Viewing SAS fabric path information Use the Hardware Service Manager to view details of the SAS fabric information. Select SAS Resource Path Information. 3. Following is an example for Display SAS fabric path graphical view. Start the Hardware Service manager and page forward to the second selection screen. 50 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .10. return to that procedure. SAS resource path information Selecting a device displays the details of all the nodes on each path between the controller and the device. Perform the following steps to view the SAS fabric information: 1.

Following is an example of SAS Fabric Path Data View. Table 8. Figure 36. SAS fabric path graphical view An alternative view can be displayed by selecting F11 (SAS Fabric Path Data View). Possible status values Status Operational Degraded Failed Description No problem detected The SAS node is degraded The SAS node is failed SAS RAID controller maintenance 51 . SAS fabric path data view The possible status values for the SAS Fabric Path Data View and the SAS Fabric Path Graphical View are defined in the following table.Figure 35.

52 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Possible status values (continued) Status Suspect Missing Not valid Unknown Description The SAS node is suspect of contributing to a failure The SAS node is no longer detected by controller The SAS node is incorrectly connected Unknown or unexpected status Example: Using SAS fabric path information This data becomes helpful in determining the cause of configuration or SAS fabric problems. The following example assumes a cascaded disk enclosure with a broken connection on one path between the cascaded enclosures. Cascaded disk enclosure The state of all paths to all devices displays information similar to the following.Table 8. Figure 37.

For SAS Fabric Path Data View. choosing one of the devices with a Failed path displays information similar to the following.For Display SAS fabric path graphical view. SAS RAID controller maintenance 53 . pressing the F11 key displays information similar to the following.

54 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

are current and are subject to change without notice. program. The materials at those websites are not part of the materials for this product and use of those websites is at your own risk. Some measurements may have been made on development-level systems and there is no guarantee that these measurements will be the same on generally available systems. some measurements may have been estimated through extrapolation. or service that does not infringe any intellectual property right of the manufacturer may be used instead. Any reference to the manufacturer's product. 2011 55 . Any performance data contained herein was determined in a controlled environment. The manufacturer may not offer the products. program. You can send license inquiries. BUT NOT LIMITED TO. THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF NON-INFRINGEMENT.A. their published announcements or other publicly available sources. services. All statements regarding the manufacturer's future direction or intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice. INCLUDING. The following paragraph does not apply to the United Kingdom or any other country where such provisions are inconsistent with local law: THIS INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. or service. or features discussed in this document in other countries. Any functionally equivalent product. or service is not intended to state or imply that only that product. these changes will be incorporated in new editions of the publication. the results obtained in other operating environments may vary significantly. Changes are periodically made to the information herein. EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. therefore. Dealer prices may vary. Consult the manufacturer's representative for information on the products and services currently available in your area. The manufacturer may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter described in this document. Furthermore. and represent goals and objectives only. Actual results may vary. MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. The manufacturer may make improvements and/or changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any time without notice. to the manufacturer. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. in writing. 2010. program. or service may be used. it is the user's responsibility to evaluate and verify the operation of any product.Notices This information was developed for products and services offered in the U. Therefore. Information concerning products not produced by this manufacturer was obtained from the suppliers of those products. this statement may not apply to you. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or implied warranties in certain transactions. Any references in this information to websites not owned by the manufacturer are provided for convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those websites.S. program. The furnishing of this document does not grant you any license to these patents. Questions on the capabilities of products not produced by this manufacturer should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. compatibility or any other claims related to products not produced by this manufacturer. However. The manufacturer may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes appropriate without incurring any obligation to you. This manufacturer has not tested those products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance. © Copyright IBM Corp. The manufacturer's prices shown are the manufacturer's suggested retail prices.

Other product or service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. The information herein is subject to change before the products described become available. other countries. Trademarks IBM. All of these names are fictitious and any similarity to the names and addresses used by an actual business enterprise is entirely coincidental. brands. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.shtml. companies.This information is for planning purposes only. and products. however. or both.. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States. the IBM logo. cannot be eliminated. the examples include the names of individuals.ibm. The manufacturer makes no representations that it is suitable for any other purpose. To illustrate them as completely as possible. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. The drawings and specifications contained herein shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written permission of the manufacturer. you must use the designated monitor cable and any interference suppression devices supplied with the monitor. The manufacturer has prepared this information for use with the specific machines indicated. or component failures must verify the accuracy of operations performed and data saved or transmitted by the system at or near the time of the outage or failure. If you are viewing this information in softcopy. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device. Ethernet connection usage restriction This product is not intended to be connected directly or indirectly by any means whatsoever to interfaces of public telecommunications networks. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at Copyright and trademark information at www.com/legal/copytrade. power fluctuations or outages. the photographs and color illustrations may not appear. users must establish procedures to ensure that there is independent data verification before relying on such data in sensitive or critical operations.com are trademarks or registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corp. and ibm. Users should periodically check the manufacturer's support websites for updated information and fixes applicable to the system and related software. This information contains examples of data and reports used in daily business operations. system failures. Electronic emission notices When attaching a monitor to the equipment. This equipment 56 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . This risk. Class A Notices The following Class A statements apply to the IBM servers that contain the POWER7 processor and its features unless designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature information. In addition. registered in many jurisdictions worldwide. Users who experience unplanned outages. The manufacturer's computer systems contain mechanisms designed to reduce the possibility of undetected data corruption or loss.

including interference that may cause undesired operation. uses. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference. in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.ibm. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. Industry Canada Compliance Statement This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. In a domestic environment. if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual. Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.com Warning: This is a Class A product. in which case the user may be required to take adequate measures. Department M456 IBM-Allee 1. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.Japan The following is a summary of the VCCI Japanese statement in the box above: Notices 57 . IBM is not responsible for any radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. VCCI Statement . European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. European Community Compliance Statement This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. this product may cause radio interference. and (2) this device must accept any interference received. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. 71139 Ehningen.generates.

This is a Class A product based on the standard of the VCCI Council. the user may be required to take corrective actions. If this equipment is used in a domestic environment. in which case. radio interference may occur. Warning: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user will be required to take adequate measures.People's Republic of China Declaration: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user may need to perform practical action. IBM Taiwan Contact Information: 58 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .Taiwan The following is a summary of the EMI Taiwan statement above. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement . Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase) Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase) Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .

IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. in diesem Fall kann vom Betreiber verlangt werden. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Diese Einrichtung kann im Wohnbereich Funk-Störungen verursachen.Korea Germany Compliance Statement Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse A EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse A ein. angemessene Maßnahmen zu ergreifen und dafür aufzukommen. sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Notices 59 . Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Um dieses sicherzustellen. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw.Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement ." Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. EN 55022 Klasse A Geräte müssen mit folgendem Warnhinweis versehen werden: "Warnung: Dieses ist eine Einrichtung der Klasse A.zu führen. wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw.CE . in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen . der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse A Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt.

IBM is not responsible for 60 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i . Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.Russia Class B Notices The following Class B statements apply to features designated as electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Class B in the feature installation information. Proper cables and connectors are available from IBM-authorized dealers. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: v Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations. Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1. However. Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm. and can radiate radio frequency energy and. This equipment generates. 71139 Ehningen. uses. v Consult an IBM-authorized dealer or service representative for help. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. New Orchard Road Armonk. v Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. v Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse A. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement .

any radio or television interference caused by unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or modifications could void the user's authority to operate this equipment. This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.

Industry Canada Compliance Statement
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.

Avis de conformité à la réglementation d'Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.

European Community Compliance Statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council Directive 2004/108/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a non-recommended modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards. This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class B Information Technology Equipment according to European Standard EN 55022. The limits for Class B equipment were derived for typical residential environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed communication equipment. European Community contact: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Department M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tele: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com

VCCI Statement - Japan

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline (products less than or equal to 20 A per phase)

Notices

61

Japanese Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) Confirmed Harmonics Guideline with Modifications (products greater than 20 A per phase)

IBM Taiwan Contact Information

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Statement - Korea

Germany Compliance Statement
Deutschsprachiger EU Hinweis: Hinweis für Geräte der Klasse B EU-Richtlinie zur Elektromagnetischen Verträglichkeit Dieses Produkt entspricht den Schutzanforderungen der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG zur Angleichung der Rechtsvorschriften über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten und hält die Grenzwerte der EN 55022 Klasse B ein. Um dieses sicherzustellen, sind die Geräte wie in den Handbüchern beschrieben zu installieren und zu betreiben. Des Weiteren dürfen auch nur von der IBM empfohlene Kabel angeschlossen werden. IBM übernimmt keine Verantwortung für die Einhaltung der Schutzanforderungen, wenn das Produkt ohne Zustimmung von IBM verändert bzw. wenn Erweiterungskomponenten von Fremdherstellern ohne Empfehlung von IBM gesteckt/eingebaut werden. Deutschland: Einhaltung des Gesetzes über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten Dieses Produkt entspricht dem “Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG)“. Dies ist die Umsetzung der EU-Richtlinie 2004/108/EG in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Zulassungsbescheinigung laut dem Deutschen Gesetz über die elektromagnetische Verträglichkeit von Geräten (EMVG) (bzw. der EMC EG Richtlinie 2004/108/EG) für Geräte der Klasse B

62

SAS RAID controllers for IBM i

Dieses Gerät ist berechtigt, in Übereinstimmung mit dem Deutschen EMVG das EG-Konformitätszeichen - CE - zu führen. Verantwortlich für die Einhaltung der EMV Vorschriften ist der Hersteller: International Business Machines Corp. New Orchard Road Armonk, New York 10504 Tel: 914-499-1900 Der verantwortliche Ansprechpartner des Herstellers in der EU ist: IBM Deutschland GmbH Technical Regulations, Abteilung M456 IBM-Allee 1, 71139 Ehningen, Germany Tel: +49 7032 15-2937 email: tjahn@de.ibm.com Generelle Informationen: Das Gerät erfüllt die Schutzanforderungen nach EN 55024 und EN 55022 Klasse B.

Terms and conditions
Permissions for the use of these publications is granted subject to the following terms and conditions. Personal Use: You may reproduce these publications for your personal, noncommercial use provided that all proprietary notices are preserved. You may not distribute, display or make derivative works of these publications, or any portion thereof, without the express consent of the manufacturer. Commercial Use: You may reproduce, distribute and display these publications solely within your enterprise provided that all proprietary notices are preserved. You may not make derivative works of these publications, or reproduce, distribute or display these publications or any portion thereof outside your enterprise, without the express consent of the manufacturer. Except as expressly granted in this permission, no other permissions, licenses or rights are granted, either express or implied, to the publications or any information, data, software or other intellectual property contained therein. The manufacturer reserves the right to withdraw the permissions granted herein whenever, in its discretion, the use of the publications is detrimental to its interest or, as determined by the manufacturer, the above instructions are not being properly followed. You may not download, export or re-export this information except in full compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, including all United States export laws and regulations. THE MANUFACTURER MAKES NO GUARANTEE ABOUT THE CONTENT OF THESE PUBLICATIONS. THESE PUBLICATIONS ARE PROVIDED "AS-IS" AND WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, NON-INFRINGEMENT, AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Notices

63

64 SAS RAID controllers for IBM i .

.

Printed in USA .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful