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LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE

Lecturer
Itamar Medeiros (Brazil)
BA in Industrial Design;
PgDip in Information Design;
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MSc In Design.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Expertise
Multimedia/Web Design,
Photography, Information Design
and Human-Computer Interaction.
LESSON 06:

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


ART LECTURE
learning outcome

Students will learn about the main


periods of western art, making co-
relations with CULTURAL ASPECTS
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of each corresponding historical

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


period.
LESSON 06:

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


CULTURE LECTURE
content

A retrospect of the major periods of


western art, particularly the avant-
garde.
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


noun

The expression or application of


human creative skill and
imagination, typically in a visual form
such as painting or sculpture,
producing works to be appreciated /31

primarily for their beauty or emotional

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


power : the art of the Renaissance.

Works produced by such skill and


imagination : his collection of
modern art | an exhibition of Tibetan
art | [as adj. ] an art critic.
ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


skill & imagination

Art, being a product of skill and


imagination of those who produce it,
reflects both the technology of its
time, as well as the vision of the
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world of those who produce it.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


MODERN ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


abstraction

Up until the first decade of the 20th


century, art whether drawing painting
or sculpture was always essentially
pictorial; based on themes and
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compositions representing real
world ideas.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


But with the increasing use of machines
in industry and daily life, artists
sought new ways to interpret the
dynamic changes taking place around
them.
MODERN ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


the first years

Art was taken in many different


directions by movements such as
Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Dada
and Die Brucke, as artists continually
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re-evaluated the role of art

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


CUBISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


1908-1912

An early 20th-century school of painting


and sculpture in which the subject
matter is portrayed by geometric
forms without realistic detail,
stressing abstract form at the
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expense of other pictorial elements

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


largely by use of intersecting often
transparent cubes and cones.
CUBISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


1908-1912

Cubism is essentially the fragmenting of


three-dimensional forms into flat
areas of pattern and color,
overlapping and intertwining so that
shapes and parts of the human
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anatomy are seen from the front and

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


back at the same time.
CUBISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


1908-1912

The style was created by Picasso in


tandem with his great friend Georges
Braque, and at times, the works were
so alike it was hard for each artist
quickly to identify their own
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
CUBISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


innovations & achievements

It drew inspiration from 2 sources: tribal


art, especially that of Africa – primitive
art - African tribal masks. The other
influence was the work of Paul
Cézanne - "Everything in nature
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takes its form from the sphere, the

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


cone, and the cylinder."
CUBISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


innovations & achievements

Cubism had an impact on art in general


that extended far beyond the
existence of the painting style itself; it
paved the way for other art
revolutions, such as Dada and
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Surrealism.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


It also inspired newer modes of art,
such as Orphism and Futurism, and
Even affected the formal structure of
styles whose origins had predated
cubism, such as expressionism.
MODERN ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


the first years

The view of the mind seen by the


founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund
Freud, stipulated that the human
psyche, far from being unified, was
mixed with emotional conflicts and
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contradictions.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


MODERN ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


the first years

The discovery of X rays, physicist Albert


Einstein's theory of relativity, and
other technological innovations
suggested that our visual
experience no longer
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corresponded with science's view

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


of the world.
DADA

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


The movement was founded in 1916 in Zurich, a neutral city in the middle of a war-torn
Europe, by a group of exiles from countries on both sides of the conflict. Nihilistic
protest against all aspects of Western culture, especially against militarism during
and after World War I (1914-1918). The term dada is said to have been selected at
random from a dictionary. This symbolized the movement as a whole, as the artists
were attempting to protest war, greed and the corrupt powers that existed.

Hannah Hoch John Heartfield Raoul Hausmann

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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


MODERN ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


Suprematism, Neo-Plastiscism
and Construtivism
Art movements such as Suprematism,
Neo-Plasticism, Productivists and
Constructivism had their roots deeply
imbedded in the material nature of
the machine age.
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


MODERN ART

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


Suprematism, Neo-Plastiscism
and Construtivism
Although short lived as movements in
art, their abandonment of the
figurative in favour of an abstract
approach to space and form
greatly influenced the course that
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art, architecture and design were to

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


take.
SUPREMATISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


The Russian abstract art movement
developed by Kazimir Malevich c.
1915, characterized by simple
geometric shapes and associated
with ideas of spiritual purity.
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


SUPREMATISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


Kasimir Malevich's art and his
Suprematist manifesto are amongst
the most vital artistic developments of
this century. Most of his paintings are
limited to geometric shapes and a
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narrow range of colors, but the

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


pinnacle of his Suprematism was his
White on White series.
SUPREMATISM

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


Malevich claimed to have reached the
summit of abstract art by denying
objective representation.
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Malevich
Black Square
[1913] 1923-29; Oil on canvas, 106.2 x 106.5 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg
LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Malevich
Black Square and Red Square
1915; Oil on canvas, 71.4 x 44.4 cm
The Museum of Modern Art, New York
LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Malevich
Suprematist Painting: Aeroplane Flying
1915; Oil on canvas, 57.3 x 48.3 cm
The Museum of Modern Art, New York
LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Malevich
Supremus No. 56
1916; Oil on canvas, 80.5 x 71 cm
State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg
LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Malevich
Suprematism (Supremus No. 58)
1916; Oil on canvas, 79.5 x 70.5 cm (31 1/4 x
27 3/4 in); State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg
BAUHAUS

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


1919, Germany

Founded by the architect Walter


Gropius in Weimar.

Famous German school of design that


had influence on modern architecture,
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the industrial and graphic arts, and

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


theater design.
BAUHAUS

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


1919, Germany

The Bauhaus was based on the fact that


art should meet the needs of
society and that no distinction
should be made between fine arts
and practical crafts.
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


Bauhaus is a German expression that
literally means house for building.
The Bauhaus school was founded to
rebuild the country after a devastating
war and also form a new social order.
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DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM
BAUHAUS

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


Innovation & Achievements

The practical innovations developed by


the Bauhaus have profoundly
effected designs favored by
industry as shown by the desks and
chairs that fill offices, lobbies, and
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lounges across the world.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE


BAUHAUS

LESSON 06: BAUHAUS, CUBISM & SUPREMATISM


Innovation & Achievements

The effects of the Bauhaus stretches


beyond our furniture and light fixtures,
into the realms of architecture,
theater, and typography, where the
designs and style of the Bauhaus are
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still spoken of today.

DESIGN INVESTIGATION & CULTURE