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for Dust Supression System at Saoner B.G. Railway Siding of Western

Coalfields Limited.

Client – Western Coalfields Limited., Nagpur.

Contractor – M/s. Gulati Construction Co., Nagpur.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF COLUMN,

COLUMN FOOTING AND PLINTH BEAMS

Design Data :

Internal room size of Pump House – 36.00 Sqm.

Opening for Ventilation – Not less than 20%

Rolling Shutter – 2.00 m x 2.10 m

Flooring – 50 mm thick IPS Flooring.

S.B.C. of Soil :

100 KN/Sqm (10 T/Sqm) at 2.00 M depth.

Permissible Stresses in concrete & steel :

Design of all structural members is carried out limiting to permissible stresses

that of M-20 Grade of Concrete.

Grade of Concrete = R.C.C. M-20 (Design Mix Concrete).

Direct stress in compression – 5 Mpa.

Bending stress in compression – 7 Mpa.

Shear Stress – As permitted in I.S. 456 – 2000 (Table -19 )

Grade of Steel

**= Tor Steel – Fe-415
**

Mild Steel – Fe-250

**Permissible tensile stress in bending
**

In axial compression = 190 Mpa.

Tensile stress in bending = 230 Mpa.

Contd….2.

-2DESIGN CONSTANTS :

Modular ratio “m” = 280/3σ

Co-efficient of Neutral axis.

N1 = (mxσ cbc )/ σ st +mσ cbc

= 280/3x7 = 13.33 Say 13

cbc

= (13x7)/{230+(13x7)} = 0.28

Lever arm, j = (1-n1/3) = (1-0.28/3) = 0.91

Co-efficient of Moment of Resistance,

q = ½ x σ cbc x n1 x j = ½ x7x0.28x0.91 = 0.89

ANALYSIS & DESIGN OF COLUMNS :

COLUMN C-1 - ( 230 x 350 )

Load Calculation on Column C-1 :

Thickness of Roof Slab = 125 mm

Dead Load = 0.125x25

Live load

Weight of finishes/tiles.

=

3.125 Kn/Sqm.

=

1.50 KN/Sqm.

=

1.00 KN/Sqm.

------------------------------Total Load 5.625 KN/Sqm.

**Influence Area of Critically loaded Column. (3.715x2.615 = 9.7147 Sqm.)
**

Effective Wall Length = 3.715+2.615 = 6.33 M

Therefore,

Load Transferred from Roof Slab = 5.625 x 9.147 = 51.45 KN

Load Transferred from Wall = 6.33x0.25x4.70x20 = 148.75 KN

-------------------------Total = 200.20 KN.

Add 10 % Weight of footing

=

20.02 KN

-----------------------------------TOTAL = 220.22 KN

Design of Column for 200.20 KN.

Proposing R.C.C. Column of 230 x 350 with 6 -12 tor main reinforcement and 8

mm dia. Rings.

**-3Load carrying capacity of column
**

P

Therefore,

= (σ

cc

x A c) + (σ

sc

x Asc)

**σ cc = 5.00 Mpa for M-20 Grade Concrete.
**

σ sc = 190.00 Mpa

Asc = 6x113 = 678 Sqmm.

Ac = 230x350 – 678 = 79822 Sqmm.

P

=

(79822x5.00) + (678x190)

= 527.93 KN > 200.20 KN O.K.

Design of lateral ties (Ring) – Provide 8-Tor four legged lateral ties.

Spacing – It should be min. of following three.

16 times dia. of main bar = 16x12 = 192 mm

Least lateral dimension

=

230 mm.

48 x dia of lateral ties

=48x8 = 384 mm.

Therefore, Provide 8-Tor four legged lateral ties @ 190 c/c throughout, as shown

in figure.

Design of Column Footing, for 220.20 KN

Axial load on column

Add 10 % for weight of footing

=

=

200.20 Kn.

20.02 KN

-------------------------Total =

220.22 KN

Area of footing required (Assuming S.B.C. of soil as 100 Kn/Sqm.)

A

=

=

220.22/100

2.20 Sqm.

**Proposing rectangular footing having equal projections beyond column face.
**

Length of footing

Breadth of footing

=

=

0.350 + 2a

0.230 + 2a

**Therefore, (0.350 + 2a) x (0.230 + 2a) =
**

2.20 Sqm.

Solving for a = 0.6355 m , L = 1.8 M and B = 1.50 M

Therefore, Provide footing of size 1800 x 1500 giving A = 2.70 Sqm > 2.20 Sqm

O.K.

**-4Upward soil pressure = 200.02/2.70 = 74.08 KN/Sqm.
**

Maximum B.M. = 74.08 x 0.635x0.635/2 = 14.94 KN-M per Mtr.

Effective depth required, d = (14.94 x 10^6/0.90x1000)^0.5

=

128.82 mm

Depth required from two-way shear action is more than that required from

B.M. consideration. Therefore proposing the overall depth of 450 mm.

Effective depth 450 – 50 = 400 mm.

Check for two-way shear action.

The permissible shear stress (Limit state method) = 0.5 x √fck

fck for M-20 Grade Concrete = 20 N/sqmm.

Therefore τ c = 0.25√20 = 1.1 N/sqmm.

Shear Stress at section ‘d’ from the face of column

2 {(230+400) +(400+350)} x 400 x τ c actual = 1.50x220x1000 N

on solving τ c actual = 0.29 N/Sqmm < 1.10 N/Sqmm O.K.

Therefore, Provide footing of size 1800 x 1500. Depth at edge of footing

150 mm and face of the column 300 mm as shown in figure.

Reinforcement = (14.94 x 10^6/230x0.9x400) = 180.43 Sqm,

Provide 10 – TOR @ 175 c/c both ways.

The R.C.C. footing shall be casted over P.C.C. 1:3:6 (M-10) 100 mm

thick.

Note – Same footing have been provided for other columns.

Analysis & Design of Plinth Beam –

Plinth Beam marked PB-2 = Span – 5.23 M

Load = 0.25x20x3.10 = 15.50 KN/m say 20 KN/m.

Maximum B.M. (assuming partial fixity at support) = wl2/10

= + 20 x (5.23)2/10 = 54.70 KN-M

Provide beam of overall size 230x450 mm.

Effective depth considering 40 mm effective cover = 410 mm.

Therefore, Area of steel required = 54.70 x 10^6/230x0.9x410

644.52 mm2

-5Provide 2-12 tor (str.) + 2-16 tor (ckd) = 2 x(113+ 201) = 628 mm2 > 644.52 mm2

and stirrups 8 mm dia @ 200 C/C.

=

**Check for shear :
**

Maximum shear force = 0.60 WL = 0.60 x 20 x 5.367 = 64.40 KN.

Nominal Shear Stress, ι

v

= (64.40 x 1000)/230 x 410 = 0.68 N/mm2

**% age steel = (804x100)/(230x410) = 0.85 %
**

Therefore, ι

c

= 0.34 + (0.39-0.34)x 0.1/0.25 = 0.36 N/ mm2

**Balance Shear force = (0.68 – 0.36) x 230 x 410 = 30.176 KN.
**

Shear taken by bent up bar = (σ

sv

x A sv x sin α )

**= 230 x 402 x Sin 45
**

= 65.37 KN

but it is assumed that only 50 % of the balance shear is taken by bent up bars

( Ref. IS-456 – 2000), Therefore 50 % of balance shear is taken up by stirrups.

Therefore required spacing of 8 mm dia reinforcement :

Sv = (σ

sv

x A sv x d)/Vs

**= (230 x 50.28x2 x 410)/0.50x65370
**

= 290.12 c/c, whereas provided spacing is 200 c/c

Similarly other Plinth Beams have been designed.

Analysis & Design of Roof Slab (125 MM) M-20:

Assuming 125 mm thick slab, D.L. = 3.125 KN/Sqm.

Live Load = 1.50 KN/Sqm., Finish = 1.00 KN/Sqm.

Hence, Total load on Roof Slab = 5.625 KN/Sqm.

Internal Panel Size =

3.715 M x 5.23 M

Ly/Lx =

5.23/3.715 = 1.40

Assuming the Simply Supported Slab, Spanning in two directions at right angles

to each other.

**-6The B.M. Coefficients as per TABLE No. 27 of I.S.-456 : 2000 (P-91)
**

α

x

= 0.099, α y = 0.051

Mx

=

α

My

=

α y x w x L2

x

x w x L2

L = Span = 3.715

W = 5.625 KN/Sqm.

Therefore Max. B.M.

Mx

=

=

**0.099 x 5.625 x 3.7152
**

7.68 KN-M

My

=

=

**0.051 x 5.625 x 3.7152
**

3.96 KN-M

**Effective depth required, d = (7.68 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5
**

= 108.69 mm

Depth required from stiffness criteria = span/35 = 3715/35 = 106.14 mm.

Whereas overall provided depth is 125 mm O.K.

Calculation of Steel,

Astxx = (7.68 x 10^6/230x0.9x 105) = 353.35 Sqm

Provide 10 – TOR @ 175 c/c, Alternate bars are cranked near support, extra top

10 – Tor @ 350 c/c.

Astxx = (3.96 x 10^6/230x0.9x 105) = 182.19 Sqm

Provide 8 – TOR @ 200 c/c, Alternate bars are cranked near support, extra top 8

– Tor @ 400 c/c.

2)

DESIGN OF GROUND WATER SUMP :

**Data : Capacity = 50,000 Ltrs.
**

Internal Diameter = 4600 mm

Height of tank = 3.05 M + 0.3 meter free Board.

**Capacity Calculation = 0.7854x4.60x4.60x3.05 = 50.688 Cum > 50 Cum. O.K.
**

-7The total height of tank = 3.35 M (1.00 M above G.L., and 2.35 M below G.L.)

Assume Wall thickness = 150 mm.

The ratio H2/Dt = (3.05x3.05)/(4.60x0.15) = 13.50

The Coefficients of Hoop Tension, B.M. and S.F are calculated from Table-9,10

& 11 of I.S. 3370 (part-IV)

Sr.no.

Hoop Tension

Max. B.M.

Max. S.F.

Coeiff.

0.65742

0.00936

0.13760

Value

Tank Empty

0.729 KN-M

4.56 KN

46.11 KN-M

2.6568 Kn

12.80 KN

Ast.

307.40 mm2

145.77 mm2

------ mm2

Astmin

450.00 mm2

450.00 mm2

------ mm2

21.32000 KN

Tank Full

Ast

provided

**10 Tor @ 200 c/c
**

horizontal bars,

staggered on each

face.

Design of Raft :

8 Tor @ 200 c/c

horizontal bars,

staggered on each

face.

**The raft is resting on firm ground. Provide 250 mm thick raft.
**

Critical Condition – Tank is Empty & raft is subjected to upward soil pressure.

The Max. B.M. = 0.032 x (50-5.125) x 4.6 x 4.6 = 30.47 KN-M

Depth required = (30.47 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5

= 216.51

Therefore, Provide overall depth of 250 mm.

Ast = (30.47 x 10^6/230x0.9x 215) = 684.64 Sqm

Provide 10 – TOR @ 200 c/c in both directions and staggered on each face.

DESIGN OF TOP SLAB :

Total Load on Slab = 3.125+1.50+1.00 = 5.625 KN/Sqm.

The Max. B.M. = 0.062 x (5.625) x 4.6 x 4.6 = 7.3625 KN-M

Depth required = (7.3625 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5

= 106.42

Therefore, Provide overall depth of 125 mm.

Ast = (7.3625 x 10^6/230x0.9x 105) = 338.74 Sqm

Provide 8 – TOR @ 200 c/c in both directions and staggered on each face.

**Analysis & Design of Roof Slab (100 MM) M-20:
**

Assuming 100 mm thick slab, D.L. = 2.50 KN/Sqm.

Live Load = 0.75 KN/Sqm., Finish = 0.25 KN/Sqm.

Hence, Total load on Roof Slab = 3.50 KN/Sqm.

Internal Panel Size =

3.27 M x 3.27 M

Ly/Lx =

3.27/3.27 = 1.00

Assuming the Simply Supported Slab, Spanning in two directions at right angles

to each other.

The B.M. Coefficients as per TABLE No. 27 of I.S.-456 : 2000 (P-91)

α

x

= 0.062, α y = 0.062

Mx

=

α

My

=

α y x w x L2

x

x w x L2

**L = Span = 3.27 + Wall thickness (0.15) = 3.42 M
**

W = D.L. + L.L. + Finishes = 2.50 + 0.75 + 0.25 = 3.50 Kn/Sqm.

Therefore Max. B.M.

Mx

=

=

0.062 x 3.50 x 3.422

2.54 KN-M

My

=

=

0.062 x 3.50 x 3.422

2.54 KN-M

**Effective depth required, d = (2.54 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5
**

= 62.51 mm

**Depth required from stiffness criteria = span/35 = 3420/35 = 97.71 mm.
**

Whereas overall provided depth is 100 mm O.K.

Calculation of Steel,

Ast = (2.54 x 10^6/150x0.9x 80) = 235.18 Sqm

Provide 8 – TOR @ 200 c/c both ways, Alternate bars are cranked near support,

extra top 8 – Tor @ 400 c/c.

Analysis & Design of Gallary Slab (100 MM) – M-20 :

**Maximum B.M. (assuming partial fixity at support) = wl2/10
**

= + 17.88 x (4.23)2/10 = 31.99 KN-M

Therefore, Area of steel required = 31.99 x 10^6/230x0.9x315

=

448.00 mm2

**Provide 2-12 tor + 2-12 tor = 4 x 113 = 452 mm2 > 448 mm2
**

And stirrups 6 mm dia @ 200 C/C.

Check for shear :

Maximum shear force = 0.60 WL = 0.60 x 17.88 x 4.23 = 45.37 KN.

Nominal Shear Stress, ι

v

= (45.37 x 1000)/230 x 315 = 0.62 N/mm2

**% age steel = (452x100)/(230x315) = 0.62 %
**

Therefore, ι

c

= 0.29 + (0.34-0.29)x 0.12/0.25 = 0.30 N/ mm2

**Balance Shear force = (0.62 – 0.31) x 230 x 315 = 22.46 KN.
**

Shear taken by bent up bar = (σ

sv

x A sv x sin α )

**= 230 x 226 x Sin 45
**

= 36.755 KN

**but it is assumed that only 50 % of the balance shear is taken by bent up bars
**

( Ref. IS-456 – 2000), Therefore 50 % of balance shear is taken up by stirrups.

Therefore required spacing of 6 mm dia reinforcement :

Sv = (σ

sv

x A sv x d)/Vs

**= (140 x 28.50x2 x 315)/0.50x22460
**

= 223.83 c/c,

whereas provided spacing is 200 c/c O.K.

DESIGN OF R.C.C. COLUMNS & FOOTINGS :

Maximum load on central column

= Reaction transferred from roof beam + wall loads.

= 69.06 + (5.23+4.23)3.3x0.23x20 = 212.66 KN.

Proposing R.C.C. Column of 230 x 350 with 6-12 tor main reinforcement and 6

mm dia. Rings.

Load carrying capacity of column

P

Therefore,

= (σ

cc

x A c) + (σ

sc

x Asc)

**σ cc = 4.00 Mpa for M-15 Grade Concrete.
**

σ sc = 190.00 Mpa

Asc = 6x113 = 678 Sqmm.

Ac = 230x350 – 452 = 79822 Sqmm.

P

=

(79822x4.00) + (678x190)

= 448.12 KN > 212.66 KN

**Design of Column Footing,
**

Area of footing required

A

=

1.10 x 212.66/100

(Assuming S.B.C. of soil as 100 Kn/Sqm.)

Area of footin2.33 SQM. Provide square footing of size 1.60 M x 1.80 M

giving area = 2.88 Sqm. O.K. Provide depth at edge = 150 mm and at column

face = 450 mm.

Upward soil pressure = 212.66/2.88 = 73.84 KN/Sqm.

**Maximum B.M. = 73.84 x 0.57x0.57/2 = 11.99 KN-M per Mtr.
**

Effective depth required, d = (11.99 x 10^6/0.65x1000)^0.5

=

135.84 mm

Whereas overall provided depth is 450 mm O.K.

Reinforcement = (11.99 x 10^6/230x0.9x410) = 141.27 Sqm

Provide 10 – TOR @ 175 c/c both ways.

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF QUANTITIES AS PER OLD AND NEW DESIGN.

Sr.No.

1

Description and

Qnty as per

calculations

Old design

Earth

Work

in 1x5.40x5.40x4.00

Excavation –

= 116.64 Cum.

2

P.C.C. 1:4:8

3

R.C.C. (M-20) grade of

concrete in

(a) Bottom slab BS-1.

4.50x4.50x0.175 =

3.54 Cum.

(b) Beam WB-1

4x4.35x0.30x0.425

= 2.22 Cum.

(c) Column

(d) Foundation

4

(e) Beam at foundation

FB-1

Total Concrete

Steel Reinforcement :

(a) Roof Slab

(b) Wall :

**Qnty as per new
**

Difference

design.

4x1.50x1.50x2.00 = 98.64

18.00 Cum.

Cum.

**4x4.20x1.00x0.1 = 4x1.50x1.50x0.1
**

1.68 Cum.

0.90 Cum.

4x14x0.30x0.30 =

5.04 Cum.

4x4.20x1.0x0.15 =

2.52 Cum. + 4 x

4.20x(1+0.3)/2x0.3

=3.276 Cum, total

= 5.796 Cum.

4x4.20x0.30x0.15

= 0.756 Cum.

17.352 Cum.

10-Tor @ 200 c/c

2x23x4.40x0.62 =

125.488 Kg.

Vertical bars on

inner face – 12 Tor

@ 100 c/c

4x43x4.20x0.89 =

642.936 Kg.

Vertical bars on

= 0.78 Cum.

4.50x4.50x0.10

=

2.02 Cum.

4x4.35x0.23x0.40 =

1.60

Cum.

+

2x4.20x0.23x0.40 =

0.77 Cum.

4x12x0.23x0.23

=

2.54 Cum.

4x1.2x1.2x0.15

=

0.864 Cum. + 4 x

0.25/3x(1.44+0.0529

+1.2x.23)

=0.589

Cum, total = 1.453

Cum.

-----------------8.383 Cum.

8-Tor @ 200 c/c

2x23x4.40x0.39

=

78.936 Kg.

Vertical bars on

inner face – 10 Tor

@ 100 c/c upto 1.00

M

4x43x2.20x0.62

=

234.60 Kg.

(c) Bottom Slab

(d) Beam WB-1

(e) Column

(f) Foundation

**outer face – 12 Tor
**

@ 200 c/c

4x22x3.95x0.62 =

215.512 Kg.

Horizontal bars 10

Tor @ 200 c/c.

2x4x16x4.35x0.62

= 345.216 Kg.

8-Tor @ 250 c/c

corner bars

4x13x1.50x0.39 =

30.42 Kg.

**For remaining height
**

10 Tor @ 200 c/c

4x43x2.0x0.62

=

109.12 Kg.

Vertical bars on

outer face – 8 Tor @

200 c/c

4x22x3.95x0.39

=

135.56 Kg.

Horizontal bars 10

Tor @ 200 c/c.

2x4x16x4.35x0.62 =

345.216 Kg.

**12-Tor @ 100 c/c
**

2x43x4.20x0.89 =

321.46 Kg.

Extra top – 12 Tor

@ 200 c/c

4x21x1.00x0.89 =

74.76 Kg.

4x6x4.35x1.58 =

164.95 Kg.

8x14x4x1.58

=

707.84 Kg.

10 Tor @ 150 c/c

4x29x0.90x0.62 =

62.50 Kg.

Dist. 8-Tor

4x5x4.20x0.39 =

32.76 Kg.

Beam FB-1

4x8x4.20x2.47 =

331.96 Kg.

Stps.

4x33x1.55x0.39 =

78.62 Kg.

Total = 3134.422

Kg.

8-Tor @ 100 c/c

2x43x4.20x0.39

=

140.86 Kg.

Extra top – 8 Tor @

200 c/c

16x21x0.50x0.39 =

65.52 Kg.

6x6x4.35x1.58

=

247.42 Kg.

4x12x4x0.89

=

170.88 Kg.

10 Tor @ 200 c/c

bothways.

4x2x7x1.1x0.62

=

38.19 Kg.

Total = 1566.29 Kg.

Total

=

1568.132

Kg. + 5 %

overlap =

1650 Kg.

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