TOPIC- Conservation of forest and Wildlife.

1) Main Natural Resources- The non-living materials which are essential for the origin of living, single or multi cellular organism are available on the Earth. These material are air, water, soil and minerals and are commonly called major resources of the earth. 2) Resources of the earth- Living organisms depend upon air, water, land minerals, sunlight, other living organisms and many more factors for there survival. All the materials used by living organisms for there sustainance and welfare is called natural resources. TOPIC- Conservation of renewable Resources- The Forest. valuable economic but are very important to the ecological balance of on earth. To preserve our natural hertage government of India has framed a National Forest Policy outlining the follow Ing objectives.intain environmental stability and restore ecological balance. check soil erosion and denudation in catchment areas of rivers, lakes and reservoirs. c. to check soil extension of sand dunes in desert areas of R ajasthan and along coastal tracts. d. to provide fuel wood, fodder and minor forest produce and timber for tribal and rural population. e. To increase the productivity of forests to meet the national needs . f. to popularize the afforestation programmes and enhance people, participation . g. to maintain essential ecological processes and life –supporting systems(air, water and soil) Important steps to conserve forests 1. Limit the use of forestwood 2. avoid deforestation 3. reforestation 4. prevent forest fires 5. forest management Conservation of wild- life 1.Protections By natural and artificial means-the wild life should be protected as far as possible in natural habitats or in artificial habitats under human control as biological sanctuaries or parks 2.To preserve endangered species- efforts are to be made to preserve vulnerable or rare species. 3.To Maintain ecological balance-Conserve the air,water and land so as to provide a natural environment to the wild organisms to grow and live. 4. Controlled breeding programmes- all varieties of useful plants and animals are to be preserved to run national and international breeding programmes. 5. avoid over- exploitation - the species should not be exploited beyond their productive capacities. 6.Maintain protected areas –Protected areas should be set up to preserve the habitats of migratory birds and animals and their exploitation has to be controlled.

7..Prohibit hunting- shooting of wild animals has to be banned firm footedly. 8.Education- People are to be educated and encouraged to preserve wild-life.

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