This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Line 1-3: Life deceives you into thinking that you have a long, long time to achieve your dream and ambitions, because time seems to move slowly. However, it suddenly to an end and then life seems too brief (brief candle). Line 2: petty pace - Time moves very, very slowly; this expression conveys a sense of frustration and impatience. Line 3: the last syllable of recorded time -The end of time as we know it; history written down Line 4: Life is meaningless, and everything you do turns out to be a waste of effort because everything ends in death. It’s pointless believing in life and its promise; you were fool to have been deceiving by life. Line 5: the way to dusty death- to death; death is ‘dusty’ because when we die, our body turns to dust; this expression conveys a sense of futility or meaningless. Line 6: walking shadow- this expression conveys to idea that life has no real substance or meaning. Life has no substance or truth; it is false (walking shadow); it is only a shadow with no body. Line 7: Struts and frets his hour upon the stage- The reality of the character played by the actor lasts only for that short period, while he is on stage ; all the passion he puts into the role means nothing after that short period. Line 6-8: Life is a bad actor (poor player) who is guilty of overacting, putting on a show of too much passion and drama; at the end of the performance all this passion and drama means nothing, and the actor seem to be forgotten. Life is a story which makes little sense and which means little or nothing, a story told by a madman; it may sound like it means something. But it really doesn’t. Line 8-9: a tale/Told by an idiot – life is as meaningless as the nonsensical stories that a madman might tell Line 9 : full of sound and fury - a lot of drama, passion and noise, which really amount to nothing because life is not real. This poem uses several vivid images: time creeping slowly, death: Life. Life is pictured as a short candle; a shadow that can move but which has no body; a bad actor; a story told by a madman.
Theme Setting Castle of Macbeth Scotland during an age of military valour Life is short and temporary Death Disillusionment
Element of the poem
Values Life is what we make of it We must find meaning in our lives, and not let disappointed cloud our judgement We must build our lives on things of value, worth and significance Tone Sad and pessimistic Despair and hopelessness Acceptance Language Metaphor- (petty pace, dusty death, brief candle, walking shadow) Figurative language- ( creeps in this petty pace, last syllable of recorded time) Personification- ( life’s but, a poor player, an idiot full o sound and fury ) Repetition- (to-morrow, and to-morrow and to-morrow, out, out ) Alliteration- (petty pace, dusty death) Symbol- ( candle)
He wants the politicians / government to plan development carefully so that a clean and healthy environment may be preserved for now and for future generations . The poet wonders why we are still suffering when we have a country that is so abundant with natural resources like clean air and clean water. He wants the greedy businessman who make huge profits from timber to stop destroying the forests.Stanza 1 He saw a dead crow in a drain by the post office. He wants a green environment. Stanza 2 The poet demands cleans air for his grandchildren. He also saw an old man and a baby with a breathing problem in a crowded morning health clinic.
Persona o o Setting o o o o o Drain Clinic Open land/earth Forest Rivers o Two “voice”Stanza 1 – third person Stanza 2 – first person Tone and mode o Anger .(about environment destruction ) Didactic – (demands a clean environment ) (Poet’s own voice) o Element of the poem Theme o Values o Environmentalconsciousness Language o Symbol – (crow. Need for cooperation between the government and capitalists to ensure that development goes together with the environmental preservation Life is meaningless journey to a dark end o o .a symbol of the deadly effects of pollution and mother nature ) Repetition – (I want – to emphasize the poet’s demand ) o Environmental pollution is a serious threat to health and life.
Stanza 3 I will get up and listen to the water lapping quietly by the shore. I will build a small cabin using clay and wattles. In nite evening. I will also plant nine rows of beans and set up a hive for honey bees. the crickets will come out to sing. Once I get there. Stanza 2 I shall enjoy the peace which comes slowly like morning mist that slowly fades away until it is night. . the midnight sky twinkles in the dark and the high-noon is like a purple glow in the sky. At this beautiful lake isle. I will also see the flying brown and grey birds (linnets). I will be all alone among the sound of the bees. then. I will stand and watch from the roadway or the grey pavements.Stanza 1 I will get up and go to Innisfree. I hope to reflect and contemplate with wisdom and hope to gain an understanding of humanity.
(lake water lapping ) .Tone and mode o o o o Peaceful Thoughtful Expectant Harmonious o Value All of us need return to Nature to enjoy peaceful. stress-free lives We must learn to appreciate the beauty of Mother Nature o Persona o The poetYeats himself Setting o o o o o Irish countryside Cabin Lakeside Roadway Pavement Element of the poem o Theme Nature brings peace and harmony to Man Man should live close to Nature o Language o o o Imaginary – (veils of the morning. cricket’s sing ) Metaphor – (peace comes dropping slow. midnight’s all glimmer ) Alliteration. bee-loud glade. noon a purple glow.
He had sold his Bally shoes to his Cousin Lan to raise funds for the wedding. Therefore. Jamal tries to get a bank loan of RM5000 but rejects it when he finds the loan repayment to be too steep. Jamal gets involved with the wedding preparations and discovers that expenses will be very high. matchmaking is still practiced. he works out a more reasonable budget. Synopsis This short story is about Jamal. Although the story takes place in contemporary times. Soon. on the eve of his wedding. His mother chooses a bride for him . He is happy to get a small loan of RM1500 from his mother. educated. the 'bunga telur' is a must.a beautiful. Amongst the Malays. Jamal has no good shoes for his wedding. usually the women. Finally. take the responsibility of choosing a bride / bridegroom for their children. which is located on the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. weddings are usually celebrated on an elaborate scale. a young Kelantan’s man who decides to get married. Among the Malays. rich and cultured girl. . The 'bunga telur' is a hard-boiled egg that is presented in a special case to guests who come for the wedding.Overview The story is set in a traditional Malay village in the state of Kelantan. However. This is often followed by the elders taking full charge of the wedding preparations. The older folks. he still has to raise funds to pay for the expenses.
borrows from his sister and gets a small loan from his mother. he sells his Bally shoes to his cousin. he works out a budget. Resolution At the dress rehearsal. Climax Jamal suggests using Hacks sweets instead of 'bunga telur'. He sells some of his possessions.Plot Exposition Jamal decides to get married. Lan. He tries to get bank loan but realises the interests is too high. Jamal gets involved in the wedding preparations. beautiful girl Development Soon. Among the places mentioned are Jamal’s house. Therefore. the bride’s house. Jamal discovers that he has no good shoes for his wedding! Setting It is in a Malay kampung in Kelantan. His mother chooses a young Kelantanese girl for him – a fair. . the bank and cousin’s Lan house. His traditional sister threatens to call off the wedding. He realises that the wedding will cost him quite a big sum of money. But he still lack of money. Falling action Still short of funds.
ignorant not think before he acts. He sells his Bally shoes to his cousin Lan for a low price. He does not save even though he only has a Rather irresponsible and a small salary. leaving Jamal teary and frustrated. in explaining the many preparations needed for a wedding. Like many Kelantanese women. She and her daughter excite him with stories of the bridal chamber and then threaten to call off the wedding. He does not consider the fact spendthrift that he may not be able to support a wife on his small salary. She is very pushy and determined that everything will work out according to her plans. naïve. She insists that Jamal pay for certain items for the wedding. She is rather unreasonable to demand so much money from him since he has very little savings. Jamal’s mother Patient Dominant and demanding She is especially patient with her son. He does Rather foolish.Jamal He is easily bullied and ordered around by the A weak character womenfolk. Fierce . The Bally shoes and simple-minded would have been perfect for the wedding! He also does not manage to get back the RM500 loan from his cousin. The actual cost is RM800. He cannot make decisions by himself. she has a good heart but scolds and lectures Jamal because he needs to be more responsible especially regards with finances. Jamal.
Jamal’s cousin He insists on wearing only designer labels even though the items come from Golok. are imitations! He tries to strike a hard bargain with Jamal Shrewd. She insists on the ‘bunga telur’ although it is expensive. When Jamal threatens to go elsewhere to sell Decisive and accommodating at his Bally shoes. he quickly agrees to buy it at the right moment the asking price. conniving and miserly about the sale of his Bally shoes.Jamal’s sister Short-tempered Traditional Dominant and bossy She tells Jamal off when he suggests that they cut cost on the ‘bunga telur’ by distributing Hacks sweets instead. her husband has no say in anything. even though he covets it and knows that they are genuine. Thailand. Like most Kelantanese women. Status-conscious .
The Importance of Custom and Tradition * Custom and tradition must be followed in a traditional society like Kelantan for example. Status Consciousness * Jamal's mother makes sure that her daughter-in-law has looks. Jamal can only view his bride in the presence of relatives. He has to learn to budget and be moderate. The Need for Moderation * Jamal is not very mature. and is not earning much. especially with regards to his future wife. and has not considered getting a better-paying job. status and a good education. but fails to consider the fact that he might need them for his wedding. Moral values Thrift Patience Generosity Self-Control . He is also quite a spendthrift. Jamal must follow and go through all the wedding preparations. the choice of bride is the responsibility of the elders.Theme Being Responsible * Jamal sells his Bally shoes to his cousin for immediate cash. Thus. and does not save much. He is not ambitious. his decision to get married seems a little hasty.
Language and Style The following are the main literary devices used in the story : * diction / suitable choice of words page 11 .'hands folded neatly on her lap'. the reader does not get emotionally involved with the characters but watches in amusement at Jamal's attempts to raise funds and the ironic ending of the story. The writer has a detached tone throughout the story.Jamal's 'heart leapt sky high' page 16 . Therefore. 'langsat-yellow skin' page 13 .'crooned to the shoes' * Symbols * Idiomatic expressions Tone and Mood The story is told with some humour and has an ironic twist at the end.'suicidal budget' page 15 . .'lick his wounds' page 17 .
which was twice as long as the ordinary ones and had a curved plastic handle with a large eraser. he buys a three inch pocket knife to boost his self-esteem. the man character in this story. Schools were small wooden buildings and teachers were highly respected. Berahim gives Zahid two pencils. Zahid is unhappy. a classmate who steals his special pencil he has just bought. and so he punishes Zahid.more brazen and disruptive. Mr. Zahid is very touched and gives one of the pencils to Dolah. Jamal now has a better relationship wtih Zahid and makes him more responsible in the classroom. After being sick for three days. Hence. gets back his pencil. and they discuss about the reasons for Zahid's behaviour. Jamal tries to discipline him. believes that the pencil belongs to Dolah. was the envy of many. Synopsis Zahid. breaks it into bits and throws the pieces into the river. He ambushes Dolah after school one day. Berahim. The principal. Mr. Mr. . Jamal. Later. In fact.Overview The story is most probably set in a small town in Malaysia during the 1950's. Most the children came from poor or average income families and sophisticated stationery was not available. Mr. Jamal. Mr. exactly like the one which had been stolen. Mr. Zahid returns to school a changed person . One day. but Zahid becomes more aggressive. His teacher. Zahid's pencil. Berahim also has a session with Mr. is a wise and kind man and manages to get Zahid to talk about all that had happened. fights with Dolah. he cuts Dolah with teh knife and is summoned to the principal's office.
Plot Exposition 1st week ( Wednesday ) Zahid and Dolah fight during recess. Zahid hits Dolah Udin on the shoulder in the class after Dolah Udin sneers at him. Conflict Later week Zahid changes into a trouble-maker in class. Zahid fights with Dolah Uidn and wins the fight. . Zahid refuses do to his homework. Zahid runs off wildly after the school to prepare an ambush for Dolah Udin. 1st week ( Thursday . Zahid is sent to the principal’s office. Class monitor reports the fight to Mr Jamal. Climax Zahid cuts Dolah Udin with his knife. the teacher on duty. Zahid finds the pencil in Dolah Udin’s bag. Mr Jamal acts roughly towards Zahid. break it and throw the pieces into the river. His grandmother keeps watch over him. Zahid carries a stick to protect himself. Zahid buys a three-inch pocket knife. when he comes into the class.Saturday ) Zahid has a fever and mumbles in his sleep about the pencil. Dolah Udin admits to stealing the pencil from zahid. Zahid bullies the younger children and vandalises the class property. Zahid break down and regrets the cause of his disruptive behaviour. Mr Berahim. the principal question Zahid gently about his pocket knife. Mr Jamal questions the boys and he canes Zahid three strokes with a rotan.
Zahid makes up with his teacher. Resolution Mr Jamal changes his attitude towards Zahid.Mr Berahim and Mr Jamal discuss the case. He is more considerate and gives zahid more attention and care. . Setting In a primary school situated in a rural area. Mr Berahim presents Zahid with two pencils that are like the one that has been stolen Zahid shared his present with Dolah.
He does not try to find out the cane. He sympathetic with Zahid . bullying smaller children and attacking Dolah. is a short and small sized He shows his violent side by vandalising. He steal the pencil. Dolah Dishonest Conniving Big-size He steal zahid’s pencil but lies about it. He know how to deal with children. He does not know how to handle children Mr Berahim Kind and understanding Wise Sympathetic He listens patiently to Zahid’s story. He is able to get Zahid to tell the truth. . He can not tell the thief from the victim. He does not have a good relationship with his student. He is willing to share his pencil with Dolah in the end. He cries when Zahid confronts him in class to gain the teacher’s sympathy.. and carves a “D” on it to suggest that it is his.. if he were big as Dollah Mr Jamal Poor judge of character Strict Lack wisdom He believes Dolah even though Dolah is lying. He also use the cane too quickly. although had been cruel to him.. He also able to show to Mr Jamal how to handle children..Zahid Lack confidence Aggressive Generous He comes from broken family.
justice is served and everyone is happy. Jamal treats Zahid and his students with more kindness and compassion. escape. love and patience. Moderation Material possessions do not bring happiness. Jamal is too gullible and fails to see the real culprit. Understanding Children * Children are delicate. Jamal punishes Zahid unfairly and lets the real thief. Justice versus injustice * Mr. Dolah. Jamal's hasty judgement and punishment had negative effects. * After learning the truth. everyone knows that Dolah is the actual thief. In the end. Moral Values Honesty Truth prevails. Generosity Generosity is a virtue we should have. The pencil causes the fight between the two friends. This enables Zahid and the other students to change and develop into happier. Mr. Discretion and Wisdom We should not be hasty in our judgements about people.Themes Appearance and Reality / Lies and Truth * Dolah lies to Mr. Zahid generously forgives Dolah and gives the latter one of the pencil . Mr. * Mr. more balanced individuals. Hence. they may be damaged emotionally. Zahid goes through a lot of anger and emotional damage. Jamal misjudges Zahid's character. * If children are treated with injustice. Jamal does not see the hurt in Zahid. understanding. Mr. sensitive human beings who deserve care. Mr. * After the truth is revealed. Jamal about the pencil's real thief.
Overview The story is set in a small town called Dalat on the Oya river located in the state of Sarawak. The Melanau community that lives as an agrarian society work on farms near a river. The wise. the eldest son. However. Flies swarm around the dead bodies. Melanau coastal town is renamed after a bitter fight between two brothers. Umat leaves and gets the help of enemy villagers. Meanwhile. The people are ruled by tradition and hold on to their traditional customs and values. Tradition states that Galau. Peace and order is finally restored . he is challenged by his ambitious brother. The bloody battle that follows leaves many people dead. Synopsis This story is about how a peaceful. Galau prepares his village for war. Umat. Umat. should be chief. and his innocent people who died. old chief dies without naming anyone to succeed him. the noble Galau renames the village 'Dalat' (which means 'flies' in Melanau) in memory of his brother. Therefore.
Enemy survivors run away. Setting There are two main settings . including Umat. should be chief. Resolution Peace and order is restored. Falling Action Many men die. he is challenged by his younger brother Umat. The trees fall on the enemy boats and some of Umat's men are crushed to death.Exposition The wise old chief. riverine village in Sarawak namd Dalat * The village chief's house * The Oya River in Sarawak . However. meaning 'flies' to remind future generations of the futility of sibling rivalry and war. The villagers take sides and the community is divided into 2 groups. Umat's men burn the houses in the village. Galau.the physical setting and the social setting. who has three sons (Galau. Umat takes his men and leaves the vilage. Climax A bloody war breaks out. Umat and Lutong) dies without naming a successor. The following are some of the physical settings in the story : * a small. Rising Action According to tradition. Galau's men open the trap-doors of the tallhouse and pour boiling water on the enemies. Galau renames the village Dalat. the eldest son. There are bitter arguments within the family and village over the succession issue. The fighting continues for three days and three nights.
He believe in sharing power. He feels he is entitled to be chief since he is a better warrior. fair He honour to his father’s wishes and keeps the traditions. He is able to judge Umat’s action. . He is discerning. Peace-loving Intelligent and wise Umat Brave Bossy and presumptuous Disrespectful and non-traditional He fights and win in many battles. Galau. Old village chief Wise Kind. just. Lutong Obedient Patient. peace-loving. He recognizes his brother’s strengths. He tries to maintain the peace of the village. He plans the riverine attack. His father feels that he has these qualities. He builds a tall house to keep his people’s save. sensible and fair Intelligent He obey his dying father’s wish that he help the new chief. He keeps his village together.Galau Kind. He does not respect the traditions and culture of his tribe. He knows the strengths and weakness of his children. fair He gained his people’s respect.
Galau is willing to follow the traditions of his society in terms of succession. he rebels and leads a way against his brother. -Peace and Order in Society it is important to maintain peace and order in society. but Umat refuses to give in. including Umat. Moral Values -Traditionalism Tradition is important. -Love and Forgiveness We should not be jealous. Umat feels that his military skills is superior and more important than the diplomatic and administrative skills of his elder brother. Galau forgives Umat in the end. A war breaks out and many innocent people lose their lives. chaos will result. . Lutong helps Galau according to his dead father's wishes. -Loyalty and Obedience to Elders This is a virtue we should have. -Power Struggle and its Evil Effects on Society The power struggle after the death of the old chief is mainly between Galau and Umat. This rivalry makes the people very unhappy. The elder brother. Galau becomes the new chief according to tradition where the eldest usually succeeds the father. Galau. The village is divided into two camps. Therefore. Galau wants to fulfill his duty as the new chief. envy or jealousy.Theme -Order versus Chaos There will be order in society if everyone fulfils his / her roles and functions and act in an orderly manner. This was the case in the village of Dalat. This results in bloodshed and great losses in society. Umat and his followers leave the village. Lutong tries to keep the peace by saying that Galau should be the new chief while Umat should be the military leader. Umat is jealous and wants power. However. If this situation is threatened by greed. envious or hateful.
para.49. Example : * Galau . object or person which / who represents something else. violence. jealousy.a symbol of wisdom. Hence.Language and Style Simile A way of comparing things in an unusual or unexpected way using the word 'like' or 'as'. para. . the tone of the story is a blend of nostalgia for a forgotten era of peace and simplicity and a mood of regret arising from the tragic power struggle. war and rebellion. peace and order. Example : * 'the house was as safe as a big ship' (p.a symbol of death. * Umat .47.3) * 'His wisdom is as good as another man's strength!' (p. 1) Symbols A word.a symbol of envy. * The Flies . Tone and Mood This story is about family feuds and power struggles which lead to painful consequences on individuals and society at large.
He builds two homes. When he is shipwrecked on a deserted island.Courage and Determination Robinson Crusoe’s parents want him to become a lawyer but Crusoe is determined to become a sailor. the parrot and the cats. equipment and other materials from the ship so that he can make a life for himself until he is rescued. thus starting Crusoe’s involvement in business and sailing. a raft and a canoe. During his twenty-fifth year on the island. Crusoe is a friendly and sociable person. When Crusoe runs away to London. he is desolate and miserable. The mutineers who are disloyal to their captain are finally overcome by the ‘good’ forces of Crusoe and Friday. He ensures he has guns and food before he escapes. Friday’s father. This man is so grateful that he wants to be Crusoe’s slave. he manages to save a savage from a group of cannibals who land on the island. he makes friends with a ship’s captain who grows to like and trust him. He teaches Crusoe mathematics and navigation until Crusoe becomes a good sailor. He shows great courage when he escapes from his Turkish master. When Crusoe gets shipwrecked on the island. Crusoe also teaches Friday about God’s goodness and how it triumphs over the Devil’s evilness. The captain invites Crusoe to go with him to Guinea. speak English and share his . He struggles alone in order to carry food. However. Crusoe overcomes great obstacles to survive. He shows great courage when he saves Friday. Friendship and Loyalty Humans need friendship and good relationships with others. He does all this at the risk of being captured and eaten by the cannibals. Crusoe also makes many friends while farming in Brazil. Deprived of human company. He is also able to make tools and plant enough food for himself and his companions. He leaves home without his parents’ blessing and works hard to become a good sailor. Crusoe prefers him to be a friend. Crusoe teaches him to eat animal flesh. the Spaniard and the second English sea captain. Good versus Evil Robinson Crusoe shows that good triumphs over evil when he helps Friday to escape from the cannibals. he finds comfort and companionship with two dogs he rescues from the shipwreck.
Friday. His faith that God will sustain him through the many trials in life keeps him going.” (p. He solves their disputes and helps them to form friendships with each other. 41. Crusoe says. He does not give up hope when he is shipwrecked and finds himself all alone on a deserted island. Crusoe also becomes a friend to the Spanish and English mutineers who were left on the island. 3) Crusoe’s strong belief in God is also seen when he teaches Friday about the goodness and power that comes with having faith in God. becomes his faithful companion and friend.religious beliefs. ‘All… God for an answer. para. . as Crusoe calls him. Faith in God Robinson Crusoe has great faith in God.
Creates a comfortable life on the island.honest. para 2) Minor Character First English Captain . generous. Salvages useful items from the shipwreck. Friday’s father and The Spaniard. Run way from home because he want to be sailor against his family’s wish. Learnt English and religion from Crusoe (p. kind. grateful. far-sighted Second English captain . Friday Faithful Intelligent Brave Curious Stayed with Crusoe and followed his orders until end.adaptable.Main Character Robinson Crusoe Intelligent Determined Hard-working Adventurous Courageous Learn mathematics and navigation Works hard to become a sailor. intelligent.shrewd. kind Spaniard . Escapes from Turkish captain. courageous. para. a survivor.1 ) Fought the cannibals with Crusoe (p. a good teacher Turkish captain .para 2 ) Willing to learn and ask about something new ( p.43. generous. . a man of honour. Save Friday. Build a homes and plants crops for food.honest.38. kind. grateful.41.
Savage – He came from a culture that was He is horrified and disgusted by the not very developed. Civilized – He is educated and intelligent. However. Robinson Crusoe and the first English Captain – Their relationship is that of student and mentor. 3. Brave – He fights alongside Crusoe. teach him a lot. Robinson Crusoe Friday A natural leader – In the end Friday and A follower – He recognizes that Robinson the English and Spanish sailors on the Crusoe is more intelligent than him and can island obey him. the sight of the remains after the cannibals had eaten their captive. 2. . At the same time. the Spaniards and Friday’s father. Comparing and Contrasting Characters Compare and contrast means understanding in what ways the characters are similar to. Robinson Crusoe and the Turkish Captain – Crusoe is the Turkish captain’s slave and he serves the Turk well. 4. they are friends and companions. Loyal and faithful – He owes his life to Kind and loyal – He takes care of Friday. He would give his life for Crusoe. one another. Robinson Crusoe and Friday – Crusoe is Friday’s mentor or teacher while Friday is his faithful helper. the Spanish and English Sailors– Crusoe is seen as the lord and master because he allows them to settle on ‘his’ island. Crusoe learns a lot from the captain. or different from. Brave – He fights to free Friday. At the same time. this does not stop Crusoe from plotting to escape.Relationship between Characters 1. he acts as a responsible leader by ensuring they have enough food and settling their disputes. He was not horrified by cannibals. Crusoe and remains true to him. Robinson Crusoe.
Hard-working Examples * Crusoe works hard to build a good and secure home that will protect him from bad weather and his enemies. * He shares his faith with Friday. * Friday remains faithful to Crusoe as a valued companion. * Crusoe helps to fight the mutineers who have taken control of the second English captain’s ship. teaching him the difference between Good and Evil. Crusoe saves first Friday and then his father and the Spaniard from them. * Crusoe makes his own clothes. * Even though the cannibals were scary. *Brazilians take good care of his farm and land in Brazil during his long absence. 2. Tolerance and Harmony Between Races . * The Spanish and English learn to live with one another on the island. * The second English captain and his loyal crew are grateful to Crusoe because he saves them from the mutineers. Courage and Determination 5.Moral Values Values 1. utensils and everything else he needs. * Crusoe is able to live in peace with Friday who looks and acts very differently from him. * Friday is grateful to Crusoe for saving his life and becomes his trusted friend. Faith in God 6. Gratitude 3. This gives him t he strength to survive all alone on the deserted island. * Crusoe has faith in God. Loyalty and Faithfulness 4.
He grew up in the ferment of the Darwinian period. In 1889. . He is perhaps best remembered for his children's classics. 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde'. and for his tale of horror and suspense. but his sole ambition was to be a writer. He was the only child of Thomas and Margaret Isabella Stevenson. poet and essayist. grandfather and two uncles were noted civil engineers. He married Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne in 1880 and stayed in California. after getting the inspiration from a dream.Author's Background Robert Louis Stevenson was born in Edinburgh. He studied civil engineering and then law. Robert and his family settled on the island of Samoa for health reasons (he had been having lung problems since childhood). 1850. 'Treasure Island' and 'Kidnapped'. Scotland on November 13. Robert wrote 'Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' in 1886. His wife was his critical judge for his works. By then he had become an established novelist. He died on the island in 1894. His father.
. The story revolves around the streets of London. Dr Jekyll’s house. Take place in 19th century in London. Mr Hyde’s house in Soho and Dr Lanyon’s house in Cavendish Square. during the Victorian period Society is divided into the rich upper class and the lower working class.
The other half of Dr Jekyll. .A doctor who has the same passion for science as Dr Jekyll but cannot see eye to eye with him.Still ready to help when Dr Jekyll is in difficulty by getting the drug that the latter badly needs .Demanding.A lawyer who shows professionalism in his work.As a doctor : caring.Enjoys treating the sick and serving the poor. . Dr Jekyll. shorter in height and younger.Shows great concern for his good friend. whose will does not make any sense to him (Mr Utterson).God-fearing – tells Dr Jekyll that man should not change God’s creation. . he regrets that he is not able to help his best friend. .Becomes a famous doctor and scientist. .A trustworthy lawyer and friend.Also enjoys night life by frequenting night spots without feeling regretful but shunning publicity. crude and ugly.Born in a wealthy family. .Ever willing o help but in the end.Shifts the responsibility entirely to Mr Hyde for all the wrong doings.Revels in sinful acts. . . rude. .Has savage and inhuman feelings. . . . . resorts to violence if demand is not granted. . .Does not believe in Dr Jekyll’s super natural powers.Contrasting personalities.As a social worker.Resorts to destroy himself as Mr Hyde when he finds that he cannot restore himself back to Dr Jekyll. Mr Hyde . .Attempts to live as the good Dr Jekyll but yields to temptation time an again. . . Mr Utterson . . tries to pay or compensate for the harm or damage done by Mr Hyde. generous and caring.Did not open Dr Jekyll’s letter (from Dr Lanyon) as instructed. .Does social and welfare work. as shown by Dr Jekyll’s confidence in him. Dr Lanyon .Dr Jekyll . responsible and respectable.Takes great pains to find out the identity of Mr Hyde whom he thought was blackmailing Dr Jekyll.Revels in wrong doings under the personality of Mr Hyde. sadistic as proven by when he continuous beating of Sir Danvers Carew until his death. . .
be honourable and stand up for what is right. search for the truth. we must find a way of bringing together the different parts of our characters to make a complete whole. The dual-life of Dr.Theme It is the study of the duality of man's nature . Hyde . learn to control our negative desires. Jekyll his public respectable world versus his secret ugly side as Mr. .the good side and the bad side and that the good instincts are always fighting the evil ones. It is therefore important to be aware of our failings or weaknesses and to overcome them with a strong moral sense instead of succumbing to them easily.probably mirrors the public face of Victorian respectability and its darker hidden side. *The duality of human nature* * Friendship and loyalty* * Secrets* Moral Values We We We We should should should should always be loyal to our friends. The novel effective portrays the good and evil aspects inherent in every man. To be fully human.
Initially silent. Jekyll's death. have a farewell note from Hyde. the men pass a mysterious basement cellar door. After leaving. but that of the respectable Dr. and we learn that although Hyde has not been located. Edward Hyde. Jekyll. The girl's family and Mr. One year later. Agreeable to this compromise. Jekyll. Hyde will assume Jekyll's estate without delay. Enfield catch the mysterious man and instead of getting the police. Enfield and Utterson are struck by the disturbing appearance of Jekyll's face as he withdraws from view. Mr. Enfield launches into a story about a strange occurrence related to the door. Utterson concludes that Hyde is blackmailing Jekyll and resolves to seek the man out to understand why. Jekyll secludes himself and Dr. to Jekyll's home. Dr. The men have a brief conversation. Utterson attends a dinner party at Jekyll's home and sees Dr Lanyon there. matches a dinner invitation written by Dr. Utterson assumes that Jekyll has forged a letter for a murderer. Mr Utterson and his cousin Mr. who is sitting by a window in the apartment. Lanyon falls severely ill due to "shock" and dies. Utterson also realizes that the mysterious door is connected. Lanyon leaves Utterson a letter instructing him only to read it after Dr. but Jekyll abruptly shuts the window as he begins to suffer what appears to be a seizure. the police find Hyde's apartment ransacked and all papers burned. the mysterious man disappears into the cellar door and returns with a check bearing not his own name. Jekyll. Angrily. probing into his relationship with Dr. decide to force him to give the girl's family money. whom Utterson has never met and whom he assumes is the mysterious man in Enfield's story. Jekyll. Utterson proceeds to Jekyll's and confronts him for harboring a murder. With help from Utterson.At the book's opening. short man who trampled a girl in the street on her way to fetch a doctor. his substantial estate will pass to Mr. Jekyll's death or disappearance. are leisurely walking through London. After his death. Guest later discovers that the handwriting. Even stranger. which Jekyll recently filed. while on his way home. Hyde is initially civil but turns angry when Utterson extends the conversation. One day. Shortly thereafter. Jekyll claims that he is done with Hyde forever and that their relationship is terminated. Enfield and Utterson again walk by the mysterious door and get a rare glimpse at Dr. More time passes. Utterson returns to his home where he removes his friend and client Dr. and Mr. . returning to his pre-Hyde days of friendly meetings and intellectual gatherings. Enfield chanced upon a deformed. Dr. Jekyll has become increasingly social. the will states that in case of Jekyll's disappearance for more than three months. Sometime after these mysterious events. two men. however. in an L shaped way. The will states that in case of Dr. although slightly altered. Jekyll does. it proves to be legitimate. After tracking the man down. After hearing the story. Richard Enfield. Utterson examines the note and his clerk. Henry Jekyll's mysterious will. Edward Hyde brutally murders Sir Danvers Carew by beating him to death with a cane. Although Enfield assumed the check would be a forgery. Late one night.
They ransack the area looking for Jekyll's body or evidence of his death. a messenger will come to Lanyon's house in Jekyll's stead to recover these items. Jekyll as an astounded Lanyon observes. [and] had awakened Edward Hyde. Inside. at this point Jekyll had given too much power to his evil side. Lanyon is deeply affected by this shock and the pure evilness of Jekyll. One transforms him into Edward Hyde. brings on his subsequent illness and death. The two men break down the door to the room where Jekyll has hidden himself. Utterson agrees to assist and follows Poole to Jekyll's house. Jekyll experiments extensively and then makes two potions. Afterwards." Jekyll was alarmed that he transformed into Edward Hyde without the assistance of the potion. whom he eventually names Edward Hyde. Hyde was an irrevocable part of Jekyll's character. These two separate beings live in continuous and inherent conflict with each other. They find Hyde's dead body and assume he committed suicide immediately before they entered the room. The letter begins with a description of a strange letter Lanyon received from Henry Jekyll. This amazingly successful experiment begins Jekyll's extensive exploration of his other self. Jekyll chose to give up the freedom of Hyde and for two months maintained the identity of Dr. Unfortunately. a phial. After reading Dr. a man entirely comfortably in morally corrupt behavior. Poole reports that Jekyll has locked himself in his cabinet and strange sounds. read the further description Jekyll provides within the envelope. dressed in clothes far too large for him. Utterson reads Lanyon's narrative. and became concerned that the character of Hyde might irrevocably take over. Lanyon follows the instructions thinking that Jekyll has lost his mind. the men discover a large envelope addressed to Mr. Jekyll. Lanyon is curious and agrees. In the laboratory. Hyde then asks Lanyon whether or not he would like to see the end result of his errand. the night after a dinner party at Jekyll's residence. which include powder. "had gone to bed Henry Jekyll. and transforms into Dr. Slowly. looking particularly strange. Because of the manhunt for Hyde. Jekyll begins an experiment where he attempts to completely differentiate these two aspects of human nature. Hyde mixes the ingredients into a potion. drinks it. Unfortunately. Jekyll urges Utterson to read the package from Lanyon and if he wishes to know more. The only communication that Poole has received from Jekyll consists of letters desperately asking for a specific type of medicine. Richard Poole Jekyll's faithful butler approaches Utterson. Hyde brutally murdered Carew. this behavior continues until Jekyll. For some months. . Concerned that he had overstepped his bounds. including crying and pacing are all that have been emanating from the room. and the second transforms him back into Henry Jekyll. Lanyon's account. Mr. Hyde appears at the specified time. and a paper book. During this transformation. Utterson. Jekyll believed that the soul is made up of two separate distinctions: good and evil. he was tortured with Hyde's longing to freely take part in evil doings. Utterson reads Jekyll's own description of his failed experiment.About a week later. The letter urges Lanyon to go to Jekyll's house and fetch a certain drawer with specific contents from the laboratory. and the many transformations and evil behaviors only strengthened Hyde's power. but are unsuccessful. and he once again took the potion. Jekyll swore off ever again making the transformation and set out to try to remedy the evil inside of him. Lanyon gives Hyde the ingredients.
he went home once again but every time he fell asleep. While living in the cabinet apartment and not allowing any of his servants to see him. Lanyon. while contemplating Hyde's deeds. Because his dual identity was a secret to all members in his house. he reverted to Mr. he sent the urgent letter to Dr. he realized he could not walk through his house to the laboratory to retrieve the potion's ingredients. When Poole and Utterson finally break into the room. Hyde launches a desperate but unsuccessful search across London for the potion ingredients. Soon. Jekyll. Hyde kills himself. . Jekyll spontaneously transformed into Edward Hyde. Therefore.One night. Hyde. and he ran out of the specific medicine needed. even at double strength. his potions failed to work. After successfully turning back into Dr. thus finally releasing both Jekyll and Hyde.
This exciting novel of adventure and romance was popular with the public. Besides publishing his own newspaper. Robinson Crusoe. the daughter of a rich English merchant. In 1684. . politics and writing. He had many talents and tried his hand at business. essays. They had eight children. He was a butcher’s son. A Journal of the Plaque Year (1722) and Roxana (1724). Daniel Defoe also wrote political satires. Today. he married Marry Tuffley. articles and pamphlets. He was imprisoned several times because he expressed his strong political opinions in his writings. and was translated into many languages. His other famous realistic novels include Moll Flanders (1722).Daniel Defoe (1660-1731) Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660. He is best remembered for his literary masterpiece. which he wrote in 1719 when he was 60. Daniel Defoe is known as the Father of the English Novel and modern journalism.
edu.Books Literature Component Form 1 .html http://www.my/csm07001/stories_bunga. P.edu.sabah. Wong Reference Text Series English PMR .edu.my/csm07001/poem_lake_isle_innisfree.html http://www.my/csm07001/stories_dalat.sabah.edu.html http://www.sabah.my/csm07001/novels_drjekyll_mrhyde.my/csm07001/poem_life_brief_candle.edu.html http://www.html http://www.sabah.my/csm07001/stories_pencil.Doreen Da Costa Internets http://www.html .C.edu.html http://www.P.edu.html http://www.my/csm07001/novels_robinson_crusoe.sabah.edu.sabah. Lee .Angelina Ng .sabah.Tan Phaik Lee .my/csm07001/poem_deadcrow.sabah.
wisdom and caution in the management of money 2. to free from or deprive of illusion. the doctrine of the ultimate triumph of evil over good 3. something futile guilty (ˈɡɪltɪ) — adj . the tendency to expect the worst and see the worst in all things 2. maritima. of. intended to instruct.. guiltiest 1.Futility futility (fjuːˈtɪlɪtɪ) — n . (of works of art or literature) containing a political or moral message to which aesthetic considerations are subordinated thrift (θrɪft) — n 1. pessimism (ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzəm) — n 1. esp excessively 2. the doctrine that this world is corrupt and that man's sojourn in it is a preparation for some other existence didactic (dɪˈdæktɪk) — adj 1. of Europe. trash [dis-i-loo-zhuh n] –verb (used with object) 1. idealism. disenchant. esp A. Also called: sea pink any of numerous perennial plumbaginaceous low-growing plants of the genus Armeria. law having committed an offence or adjudged to have done so: the accused was found guilty 3. –noun 2. unintelligible language. or characterized by guilt: a guilty smile . morally instructive. guilty pleasures nonsense (ˈnɒnsəns) — n 1. W Asia. things of little or no value or importance. something that has or makes no sense. showing. foolish or evasive behaviour or manners: she'll stand no nonsense 4. and Guilty Nonsensical Disillusionment Pessimistic Didactic Thrift . lack of purpose or meaning 3. conduct or action that is absurd 3. improving 3. disenchantment. a freeing or a being freed from illusion or conviction. confess 4. responsible for an offence or misdeed 2. lack of effectiveness or success 2. pl -ties 1. See no-nonsense 5. guiltier . drivel 2. belief. etc. law plead guilty (of a person charged with an offence) to admit responsibility.
something that amuses. -eled. located or dwelling near a river. fetch 1 (fɛtʃ) — vb 1. rare vigorous thriving or growth. often with regard to business 2. etc. 2. to cause to come. Often. etc) 5. the act of amusing or the state or quality of being amused riverine (ˈrɪvəˌraɪn) — adj 1. get: to fetch help 2. to go after and bring back. astute and penetrating. masking. groan. an obsolete word for prosperity amusement (əˈmjuːzmənt) — n 1. etc) . riparian determination (dɪˌtɜːmɪˈneɪʃən) — n 1. obsolete a. slap. such as a game or other pastime 2. bring or draw forth: the noise fetched him from the cellar 3. etc. noun –verb (used without object) 1. or credit union 5. savings bank. of something 5. a decision or opinion reached. indulge in boisterous festivities. or settled upon shrewd (ʃruːd) — adj 1. the act or an instance of making a decision 2. or produced by a river 2. to take great pleasure or delight (usually followed by in ): to revel in luxury. revels. as of a plant 4. the act or an instance of fixing or settling the quality. ( US ) a building society. as at a fair 3. boisterous merrymaking or festivity. piercing: a shrewd wind b. rendered. ( also intr ) to cost or sell for (a certain price): the table fetched six hundred pounds 4. a mechanical device used for entertainment. –noun 3. Spiteful [rev-uh l] Show IPA verb. of. informal to deal (a blow. like. an occasion of merrymaking or noisy festivity with dancing. position. to make merry. to utter (a sigh. revelry. -el·ing or ( especially British ) -elled. artful and crafty: a shrewd politician 3.Amusement Riverine Determination Shrewd Revels Fetch North America. relating to. resoluteness 3. -el·ling. the act or an instance of ending an argument by the opinion or decision of an authority 4. having narrow leaves and round heads of pink or white flowers 3. the condition of being determined. limit. 4.
guiltier . something that has or makes no sense. lack of effectiveness or success 2. drivel 2. etc. law plead guilty (of a person charged with an offence) to admit responsibility. the . a freeing or a being freed from illusion or conviction. showing. of. confess 4. idealism. Pessimistic pessimism (ˈpɛsɪˌmɪzəm) — n 1. lack of purpose or meaning 3. –noun 2. things of little or no value or importance. conduct or action that is absurd 3. or characterized by guilt: a guilty smile . responsible for an offence or misdeed 2. something futile Guilty guilty (ˈɡɪltɪ) — adj . law having committed an offence or adjudged to have done so: the accused was found guilty 3. trash Disillusionmen t [dis-i-loo-zhuh n] –verb (used with object) 1.. to free from or deprive of illusion. guilty pleasures Nonsensical nonsense (ˈnɒnsəns) — n 1. pl -ties 1. disenchantment. See no-nonsense 5. disenchant. unintelligible language. foolish or evasive behaviour or manners: she'll stand no nonsense 4.Futility futility (fjuːˈtɪlɪtɪ) — n . belief. guiltiest 1.
intended to instruct. limit. the act or an instance of fixing or settling the quality. the act of amusing or the state or quality of being amused riverine (ˈrɪvəˌraɪn) — adj 1. the condition of being determined. such as a game or other pastime 2. esp excessively 2. esp A. artful and crafty: a shrewd politician 3. or credit union 5. located or dwelling near a river. having narrow leaves and round heads of pink or white flowers 3. the act or an instance of making a decision 2. of something 5. ( US ) a building society. and North America. W Asia. a decision or opinion reached. Also called: sea pink any of numerous perennial plumbaginaceous low-growing plants of the genus Armeria. wisdom and caution in the management of money 2. or settled upon shrewd (ʃruːd) — adj 1. rendered. the doctrine of the ultimate triumph of evil over good 3. riparian determination (dɪˌtɜːmɪˈneɪʃən) — n 1. a mechanical device used for entertainment. savings bank. as at a fair 3. resoluteness 3. like. morally instructive. as of a plant 4. often with regard to business 2. relating to. maritima. of. of Europe. astute and penetrating. something that amuses. or produced by a river 2. the doctrine that this world is corrupt and that man's sojourn in it is a preparation for some other existence Didactic didactic (dɪˈdæktɪk) — adj 1. the act or an instance of ending an argument by the opinion or decision of an authority 4. (of works of art or literature) containing a political or moral message to which aesthetic considerations are subordinated thrift (θrɪft) — n 1. improving 3. obsolete Thrift Amusement Riverine Determination Shrewd . rare vigorous thriving or growth.tendency to expect the worst and see the worst in all things 2. etc. an obsolete word for prosperity amusement (əˈmjuːzmənt) — n 1. position.
-eled. Fetch fetch 1 (fɛtʃ) — vb 1. ( also intr ) to cost or sell for (a certain price): the table fetched six hundred pounds 4. noun –verb (used without object) 1. an occasion of merrymaking or noisy festivity with dancing. bring or draw forth: the noise fetched him from the cellar 3. to take great pleasure or delight (usually followed by in ): to revel in luxury. etc. groan. indulge in boisterous festivities. piercing: a shrewd wind b. –noun 3. masking. Spiteful Revels [rev-uh l] Show IPA verb. to make merry. 2. revelry. -el·ing or ( especially British ) -elled. etc) . to go after and bring back. Often.a. to utter (a sigh. slap. informal to deal (a blow. -el·ling. get: to fetch help 2. etc) 5. 4. revels. boisterous merrymaking or festivity. to cause to come.