m-s riwc R-D

NAVY
To ail !nsert
Approved

f
BUREAU OF ORDNANCE,
1002 (1st. Rev,) I entered” -4 --~-__---__ -. A<! Ch4.l B”rso” “q ‘01 -

i81t//:,
WASHINGTON, D.C.

/
OP

/I+
1002 )

./A

(. L
I 1’3QLt I

DEPARTMENT,
holders change;
by The

CHANGE I2 September

of

Ordnance Pamphlet writeon cover “Change
Chief of The Bureau

(1st Rev

of Ordnance

I

Page _~.~

Page

ORDNANCE PAMPHLET is changed OS follows:

1002

(1st. Rev.)

7’12

ROCKET

LAUNCHERS
AND

MARK

20,

MARK

22

AMMUNITION

;,s:;i:'ication changed from C~~NF'Ij)EI'iTTAL, is to RESTRICTED. Clasrifioat ion is now marketl I. on the cover and every page cf lJa!lll)r,iet; s,ouLd be cl!:,nged R?Q'1'1~lC' +hl:; ?,o IL 1.1 . a. CJIJI.Iz!J?Ii:,I, 1
“‘1 e c i

JJ~STFIBUTION - - _ --_ - - - - Heque E’0rrn -t,c: for :idritionaIcopies of OP 1002 (1st Revision), Change 1 should be submitted on NAV(JX :9 !rRDNI,NCll: PUBLICATIONS AND FORMS REQJJISITION,to the nearest Ordnance Publications ?Jlc;tribu?if~rl Center: Navy Yard, Wash. 25, D.C.; Adak, Alaska; Pearl Harbor, T.H.; Mare I::l;int-l, C2,lif'.11 ; .piritll Santo, New Hebrides; Exeter, England;Brisbane,Australia'. Disi ri~JUtiOn Cent.i:r ;.dtire ;SC?S should be obtained from List!Onnof the Standard Navy Di::tribut,ion rn;i iiir!,? I,irt, 01 from _v,erever:‘+: side of NAVORD FORM 1.

star,cl: 1’ “L’ ~Jl.:;t~‘itJUtiOn i-d List No. 26 2 co, ie' c;li uILlessotherwise noted. 1. . 1. 3. . i2 ;5 : 'I)I:,t:,II, i, k, 1; h, , c, h, k, n, v ' I,lJ'J';, S cui

I.

Y,

:Ik, u+' x, ee ,
‘0 p i es> i, j, h

.
‘: , .

(
:i

P.

i,'1:76P;dI:t &STS , )/I roijiei:), n (IO) b,

G, K, Q, S, Z, kAj, hh

- l-

BUREAU

Of6iibNANCE
25, D. C.

WASHINGTON
To all holders of Ordnance Pamphlet 1002 (1st Rev.) insert change; write on cover ‘Change 2 inserted’ Approved by The Chief of The Bureau of Ordnance

1 Page ORDNANCE PAMPHLET 1002 (1st Rev,) is changed as follows: i On page 4, add the following reference: OP 1437 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Range Table for 7.2 Inch Shipboard Rockets

Page 1

7’:2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS, MK 20, MK 22, AND AMMUNITION,

On page 58, add the following note under 712 assemblies: > Range Table data for 7:‘2 assemblies given in OP 1437 supersede the corresponding data given in this table.

DISTRIBUTION Requests for additional copies of OP 1002 (1st Rev.) Change 2 should be submitted on NAVORD FORM 1 ORDNANCE PUBLICATIONS AND FORMS REQUISITION, to the nearest Ordnance Publications Distributiok Center: Navy Yard, Wash. 25, D.C.; Adak, Alaska; Mare Island, Calif,; GuamIsland, Marianas; Pearl Harbor, T.H.; Manus Island, Admiralty Islands, Distribution Center mailing addresses should be obtained from List 1Onn of the Standard Navy Distribution List, or from the reverse side of NAVORD FORM 1. Standard Navy Distribution List No. 28 (C) and 31 (R) 2 copies unless otherwise noted. 1. 2. 3.* B3. F.: 5. 6. 7. ;. . 10. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. a, e, g-i, k, 1 a*, c, h, k, n c(l), k, o, z, bb, kk, mm, nn, w(3), ww-yy, bbb; LIONS, CUBS k z bb kk mm, nn, ww-yy, bbb b’ (Londbn only) a f, h-k, u*, x, ee (5 copies), b, c, j, p, s b, h*, i, j, 1, n (SPECIAL LISTS G, K, Q, S, Z, AA, GG, NH), hh i, .j, t, qq, ss (25 copies), nn a (BuShips, CNO, ComdtMarCorps) a, b (Revision 1) c(3), (4), (6) a, q, s.

* Applicable addressees.

-l-

/ i

WESlRiCTED NAVY BUREAU

DEPARTMENT

OF ORDNANCE
OP 1002 (let Rev)
15

WASHINGTON25,D.C.
To all holders of Ordnance Pamphlet 1002 (let Rev) insert change; write on cover ‘Change 3 inserted’ Approved by The Chief of the Bureau
Acting Chief UJ Bureau

CHANGE 3
November EJL~

1 Page

Page 1

OIUINUCE PAWHLET1002 (let is changed a8 follows:

Rev)

7!2 ROCKET LAmCmHs, 20, MARK ANDAHHUNITIOP 22

1. 2. 3. 4.

Insert

Change 3 inetructlon

sheet between Change 2 instruction

sheet and tltlo

page.

P8ge 33. Page 34. Page 35.

Cancel lnf ormatian in lae t paragraph under NOTE. Cancel information continued heading Safety Featuree. Cancel heaiing from page 33 and the two paragraph0 above the

Handling and the paragraph below the heading.

CONFIDENTIAL

ORDNANCE PAMPHLET

No. 1002

FIRST REVISION

7’2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS, MARK20, MARK22 ANDAMMUNITION
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION

30

NOVEMBER 1943

This publication with Article

is

CONFIDENTIAL
76,
United

and will States Navy

be handled Regulations,

in accordance

1920

NAVY BUREAU

DEPARTMENT OF ORDNANCE D. C.

WASHINGTON,

CONFIDENTIAL

30 November

1943

ORDNANCE

PAMPHLET

NO. 1002,

FIRST REVISION

7”.2

ROCKET LAUNCHERS,
1. Ordnance Pamphlet No.

MARK 20, MARK 2FL,AND AMMUNITION
1002, First Revision, describes the operation and use of the and theammuare approved,

7”.2 Rocket nition

Launchers,

Mark 20 and Mark 22, the control This pamphlet and Mods. of 7” .2 Launchers

panels, the equipment, therefor

used with these launchers. can be readily

is made in loose leaf form with the intention and Ammunition chapters. for the instruction of men who may be

that when new Marks the data thereon 2. This assigned

added as additional

pamphlet

is intended

for use by officers the equipment. 0. P. 1002 dated should

to operate

and maintain supersedes

3. This A69-43, missioned

pamphlet

August

1942, Ordnance equipments

Circular

Letters of a com-

G4-42, officer.

and G13-43, Pamphlet.

which

be destroyed

by burning

in the presence

Other publications

on these and related

are listed on page 4 of

this Ordnance 4. This current 1920.

publication

is CONFIDENTIAL Publication

and should Manual

be handled

in accordance

with the

edition

of the Registered

and Article

76, U. S. Navy

Regulations,

W. H. P. BLANDY, Rear Admiral, Chief of the Bureau U. S. Navy,

I

of Ordnance.

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

REFERENCES TO EXISTING PUBLICATIONS
The following publications, pertaining to Launchers, Mark 20 and Mark 22, and accessories, may be of interest to personnel responsible for launcher installations. 0. P. No. 0. S. No. 1017 2759 Projector Charge Fuzes (Restricted) August and Test 1943. of Pro-

Specifications jector, Mark

for the Installation 20. (Restricted.)

0. S. No. 2963

Specifications jector, Mark

for the Installation 22. (Restricted.)

and Test

of Pro-

Ordalt

No.

1383

Projector, Mark 20, Installation Safety Plug and Rewiring of (Restricted.)

of Watertight Control Panel.

Ordalt

No.

1435

Projector, Projector

Mark Ways. Panel,

20,

Instructions

for

Stiffening

the

(Restricted.) Mark 2, for Launchers, Panel, Mark 20 and

Ordalt

No.

1803

Control 2 or 3.

22---Replacement

with Control

Mark 3, Mods.

Ordalt

No.

1836

7” .2 Launchers, of New Type

Mark Knife

20 and Mark

22, Installation

Edges. Mark 20 Electrical and Mark Wiring. 22,

Ordalt

No.

1952

7”.2 Rocket Launchers, Installation of Watertight Letter No. A4-43, dated A50-43, dated Jan. 1943. 1943. 25 June 1943.

BuOrd. BuOrd. BuOrd. BuOrd.

Conf.

Circular Letter

Circular Conf.

No. A31-43, Letter No.

1 May dated

Circular

Order No. 47-43,

dated

8 July

1943. Charge, Mark 20 and Mark 22 (Mouse-trap)”

“Tentative Cominch (confidential). (jf’ /yy7

Instructions,

Projector

CONTENTS

0. P. 1002

Page
REFERENCES TO EXISTING PUBLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4

Chapter 1
7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER,

MARK 20 ..........................................

9
13 13 15 17
21 9

INTRODUCTION. ............................................................ DESCRIPTION ............................................................... 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER ............................................. ....................................................... INSTALLATION ELECTRICAL CONTROLS ................................................ FIRING PANELS ........................................................

Chapter 2
7”.2

ROCKET AMMUNITION
7”.2

AND FUZES ..................................

25
25 25 25 27 27 29 31 33 33

............................................................. AMMUNITION ROCKET. ................................................................ BODY ................................................................ MOTOR .............................................................. PROPELLANT COMPONENTS ......................................... FUZE SEAT LINERS .................................................... FUZES ...................................................................... U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK 131 (AND MODS.) ................................. GENERAL ............................................................. OPERATION .......................................................... SAFETY FEATURES ..................................................... HANDLING .......................................................... SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS ................................................ U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK 135 (AND MODS.). ............................... GENERAL ............................................................. OPERATION .......................................................... SAFETY FEATURES ....................................................

33
34 35 35

37 37 37
38

CONFIDENTIAL

5

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

Page
U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK 140 ............................................. GENERAL ............................................................ THE MECHANISM ..................................................... EXPLOSIVE COMPONENTS ............................................ OPERATION .......................................................... SAFETY FEATURES .................................................... ARMED FUZES ........................................................ INSTALLING IN ROCKET .............................................. POINTS TO CHECK .................................................... 7".2 ROCKET ASSEMBLY SHEET. ...................................... SERVICING ........................................................... PACKING AND MARKING ............................................ 39 39 41 41 41 42 42 43 43 44 46 46

Chapter 3
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20. 47
47 47 48 49 52 52 OPERATION ................................................................ STOWAGE AND ASSEMBLY .......................................... LOADING AND FIRING ............................................... SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ................................................ ...................................................... MAINTENANCE TACTICAL OPERATION ...............................................

Chapter 4
PERFORMANCE DATA OF 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20.. . . . e.. 53
53 PERFORMANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

COGNIZANCE

Chapter 5
61

COGNIZANCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Chapter 6
7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER,

MARK 22 .........................................
. ... . ...

63
63 63 63 65 65 67 69 71

INTRODUCTION .......................................................... DEFINITION ........................................................... USE ................................................................ DESCRIPTION ................................................................ 7".2 ROCKET LAUNCHER. ............................................ ....................................................... INSTALLATION ELECTRICAL CONTROLS ............................................... CONTROL PANELS ...................................

. ................

6

CONFIDENTIAL

CONTENTS
.

0. P. 1002

Page

Chapter 7
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 22.. . 75
OPERATION ................................................................. LOADING AND FIRING .............................................. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ................................................. ........................................... MAINTENANCE ..N .......... ROCKET PERFORMANCE ................... 75 75 76 77 77

............ ..O ............

Chapter 8
COGNIZANCE
COGNIZANCE ............................ ....... .a,............, ............. 79

Chapter 9
2”.5

ROCKET LAUNCHER AND 2”.5 ROCKETS FOR LAUNCHERS, MARKS2oAND 22...................................................
INTRODUCTION .............................................................. DEFINITION ........................................................... USE .................................................................... AMMUNITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..“.........................

81
81 81 81 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 84 84 85 85 87

THE 2".5 ROCKET ........................................................... GENERAL ............................................................ .............................. . ......................... INSTALLATION BODY ................................................................. MOTOR .............................................................. PROPELLANT COMPONENTS .......................................... OPERATION ................................................................ .......................... LOADING AND FIRING .................... SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ................................................ COGNIZANCE ........................................................ DISTRIBUTION ...............................................................

CONFIDENTIAL

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

FIG.

I.

7".2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20, LOADED,

FOR FIRING

READY

CONFIDENTIAL
INSI ALLING IN KUCKt I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ;I POINTS TO CHECK.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7” o RACKET ACCFAARI CUFFT V
43

INTRODUCTION
Chapter

0. P. 1002

1

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK20

DEFINITION

9
The 7”.2 “Map”) Rockets. jector Mark The subsequent.

Rocket

Laer,

Mark

20 (formerly

known and

as the 7”.2 Pro-

is a set of steel wazsupporting launcher was also name Panel formerly

firing as the

This

known

20, and many Control

plates

are so marked. to Firing Panel

designation

was changed

to the preparation

of this Ordnance

Pamphlet.

CONFIDENTIAL

9

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

LAUNCHER IN FOLDED AND RAISED POSITIONS
The launchers can be folded, When lashed down and locked to the deck when not in use. in elevation heading raised for firing, they are fixed being fired with the ship and at the proper

and azimuth,

the salvo

on the “gun

train order

bearing”

value of range.

LOCATION OF LAUNCHERS ON FOREDECK
Ordinarily port center and one two launchers starboard, are mounted arranged and facing on the foredeck, about one the symmetrically forward. Each

line of t:he boat in a salvo.

launcher

fires 4 rockets

Firing is electrical

and is controlled

from the bridge.

7”.2 ROCKETS
The rockets fired from long. the Launcher, The body Mark 20, are 7”.2 in about 30

diameter pounds

and 35”.0 of explosive.

is filled with

The rocket

is equipped

with an impactof

firing fuze and is propelled the powder in the motor.

through

the air by the burning

10

CONFlDENTlAl

INTRODUCTION

0. P. 1002

RANGE OF ROCKETS
A small boat, approximately using two launchers, 300 yards forward. can fire a salvo of 8 rockets

PATTERN OF FIRE
The ways of the launcher wise, so that the 8 rockets about boat. 83 yards long are spread apart at the ends, fanin a straight line strike the water angles

at right

to the center

line of the

CONFIDENTIAL

11

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

ANGLE’IRON q BY ORDALT

STIFFENER DATED 1435

ADDED l-14-43

A. -

STOWED

POSITION r ‘-% WAYS

RETAINERS \ RETAINER HANDLE e-d .

!UTCH

ELECTRICAL

CONTACTS

DEFLECTOR

PLATE

=-..,

DEFLECTOR

-

DECK PLATE

r

1BASE

FOUNDATION

RAISED

POSITION

FIG. 2.

7”.2ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20

12

CONFIDENTIAL

DESCRIPTION
7”.2

0. P. 1002

ROCKET LAUNCHER,

MARK

20

The launcher unit which deck crutch two

consists

of ways welded

together

to make

a rigid to the by a

is hinged

to the base which erected, the

in turn is fastened ways are supported in place of

structure. which

When

also is hinged The ways

to the base and locks consist of

with steel

levers.

themselves

sections ride.

plate bent up to make rails in which inside sections serving are made broad

the rockets

The three thus of

and wedge-shaped, adjacent rockets.

one piece

as common

rail for two

A spread

one part in 40 is made between of shots. rockets retainers A set of retractable from being washed manually

ways to give the required retainers is provided in a heavy in place

spacing the

to keep sea.

out of place and pinned

These

are raised They

after the ways In firing, an

are loaded. intense motors

do not interfere

with the firing. from the nozzles

blast of hot gases is ejected for several they feet. Unless

of the rocket structures To steel laid

the deck

and nearby

are protected, divert

are likely

to be scorched

considerably. heavy long

the direct

blast

at the base of the projector, and a $-inch behind. steel plate not

deflectors

are provided

24”.0

on the deck immediately by the blast, The launcher

For places

directly

struck

a light steel sheet is sufficient. is designed to fold down and be lashed in figure 2. When to the deck require elevated that the

when not in use, as shown it, weather and loaded. permitting, Whenever

conditions

the launcher weather

may be maintained conditions are such

launchers ject to

or the ammunition damage or

exposed

on the rails would ammunition and lashed

be subbe

deterioration,

the

should down.

unloaded

and stowed

and the rails lowered

CONFIDENTIAL

13

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
LAUNCHER \ IN STOWED POSITION

0. P. 1002

PORT

LAUNCHER

STARBOARD

LAUN CHER

STEEL

DECK SHEATHING

/

FIVE WIRE CONNECTION

BOX

STEEL SHEATHING ON BREAKWATER

FIVE WIRE CABLE

,p SAFETY READY SERVICE AMMUNITION BOXES k

RECEPTACLE PANEL

CONTROL

PILOT HOUSE

FIG. 3.

FOREDECK INSTALLATION OF 7”.2ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20

CONFIDENTIAL

r~--

~ -

-RI-“.--

-.--

“-I---n--*.--

-

---_I__--

-___-._---

-

-_1.11_.

-

^

“.l__

-m

DESCRIPTION

0. P. 1002

INSTALLATION
The launchers ing two tures tection direct long paint clear against line from directly aft are mounted about are sheathed blast. The on the foredeck 38”.0 by 84”.0. with j{s-inch from the floor (see fig. 3) requirAll wooden steel sheet launcher, plate intensity about strucas proin the 2 feet
SO

spaces

Extending flame

of the blast, surfaces

a SC-inch steel

is provided. repainting launchers

is of sufficient may

to remove

directly

in line for the first

2 or 3 feet,

frequent The

of the sheathing

be necessary. foundations
SO

are mounted forward. The

on wood

or metal

that they

are level athwartships position, the ship. of the base is inversely This

and have a 3’-5’

slope fore and are placed, about of the the inThis

aft with the high point in the folded centerline board further deviation launchers. imately edge from of

The two launchers symmetrically forward point deviates the

on the foredeck extreme than of each launcher to

4 to 5 inches between an approx-

the centerline placement

the aft end of the base. dis:ance gives launchers

proportional of the to all 8 rockets. are provided ready below in easily decks

equal spacing boxes for

Ready-service to the launchers, and holds proof

on the foredeck, Each box accessible in magazine racks.

convenient is waterAdditional

ammunition.

8 rounds

ammunition

is stowed

stowage.

CONFIDENTIAL

15

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
MOTOR

0. P. 1002
TROUGH OF WAY

FORWARD

SHROUD

UPPER ELECTRICAL CONTACT

LOWER ELECTRICAL CONTACT

‘o COMMON

FIG.

4.

ELECTRICAL CONTACTS FOR 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20

16

CONFIDENTIAL

P

DESCRIPTION

0. P. 1002

ELECTRICAL CONTROLS
Electrical rocket contact grounded contact motor contact for firing is made of knife deflector edges plate to the two shrouds (see fig. 4). The inside grips the of the lower of the to on are by means in the

mounted

rear motor is mounted

shroud,

which

is electrically bronze shroud. spring Both

connected and bears

one side of the igniter, the outside

and serves as a stop. on a phosphor forward steel.

The upper insulated contacts

of the insulated stainless

made of hardened

CONFlDENTlAL

17

-T

---------”

-

-

+”

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

f

c

~BRANCH

BOX “EM TYPE

I
SAFETY RECEPTACLE b SAFETY PLUG

5 WIRE CONNECTION BOX

CONTROL PANEL p MARK 2, MOD. 2

FIG.

5.

CIRCUIT SCHEMATIC FOR 7.“2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20
(USING CONTROL PANEL, MARK 2, MOD. 2)

A cable with 5 active conductors runs from the control panel to a 5-wire connection box. From this box, a cable runs to a branch box Type E at each launcher, and thence to the launcher. In certain watertight installations, bushing the cable from the control panel passes through the deck through a to a 5-wire connection box. For schematic diagrams of the circuits, see

figures 5 and 6.

18

CONFIDENTIAL

DESCRIPTION

0. P. 1002

5 WIRE CONNECTION BOX SAFETY RECEPTACLE 3, MOD. 2

/

\

SAFETY PLUG

-

BATTERY BOX

FIG.

6.

CIRCUIT SCHEMATIC FOR 7”.2 MARK 20
panel is located plug receptacle. The safety on the bridge. All connections receptacle From the control mounted

ROCKET LAUNCHER,

(USING CONTROL PANEL, MARK 3, MOD. 2)
The control to a safety in a position panel, a 4-conductor unless cable runs the safety structure are broken in this receptacle from the launchers.

plug is in place.

is usually

on the side of the bridge

protected

from blast and at a safe distance

CONFIDENTIAL

19

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002
FIRING BUTTON

TH IS NAME PLATbE USED ON CONTROL PANEL MARK 3, MOD.1 AND MARK 3, MOD. 3

CONTROL PANEL MARK 3 AND MARK 3, MOD. 2

TERMINAL TUBE TO SAFETY PLUG (ADDED BY ORDALT 1383 DATED 12-18-42) PLUG RECEPTACLE =

FIG. 7.

CONTROL PANELS FOR 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS, MARK 20 AND MARK 22

20

CONFIDENTIAL

,

DESCRIPTION

0. P. 1002

CONTROL PANELS
The Mark identical Control Control from decks. Figure 45-volt batteries unchanged Two Mark The Mark 7X-volt 3, Mod. battery 3, Mod. types 3, and of control Mark panels 2. in use are Mark (See fig. 7.) The The differences batteries either 2, Mod. latter 2, the two are The the 3, Mod. in external Panel Mark appearance. of power
2,

lie in the batwiring. whereas

teries used as sources Panel Mark One 45-volt 8. The

and in the internal 2, contains 3, Mod. located

Mod.

3, and Mark box and one 6-volt Panel

2, have power above

supplied or below

batteries

in a separate Mark 2, Mod. Control

dry battery 3 operates

serve as power for with either one

the ControlPanel

2, as is shown in the wiring diagram, Mark 9 (A). 6-volt or one 45-volt The wiring dry batteries with and two 6-volt to the panel is are supplied. Panel 3 and

and one 6-volt as is shown whether dry 2. box

dry battery in Figure

one or two batteries

are supplied with

the Control Panels Prior Mark

The wiring of this panel is shown in Figure 9 (B). supplied the Control be discarded as a unit when the batteries to discarding, a portable This the old box and installed the launchers. 2, Mod. 2, should

2, should should may The

are exhausted the receptacle storage battery hour operated battery should

and replaced

by a new box. from

be removed

on the new one.

In case no battery be 6-volt

box is available,

be used for operating and preferably Panel Control Mark

not less than 50 ampere-

capacity.

be

only with 45-volt

and 6-volt batteries,

as described

above.

Service experience and laboratory tests have demonstrated that the 45-volt battery originally supplied with control panel Mark 2 and with about200 control panelsMark 3 as unsuitable dueto high internalresistance. Ordalt No. 1803 has been issuedwhichprovides for the replacement the firing panelMark I, Mod. 2 by the firing of panelMark 3, Mod. 2.

CONFIDENTIAL

21

F

--

_.--

--

--

-

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

BOX TYPE

5 WIRE
CONNECTION BOX

CORD CONNECT0 STARBOARD b

POWER,#j’POWER L ._ --_-.-. ---- --.CONTROL PANEL c+

FIG. 8.
The operation ways

WIRING DIAGRAM FOR Y.2 MARK 20
of any of the above ways Switches when control permit panels is the same. a time-delay of port relay selection Plug

ROCKET LAUNCHER,

(USING CONTROL PANEL, MARK 2, MOD. 2)
A push button which marked “FIRE” and is on Panel, fires the odd-numbered
l/&XOnd later.

and actuates

fires the even-numbered launchers or both switch

or starboard

a master Mark

switch

cuts off all power. 2.

A green pilot light indicates is in place

when the power

and a red light indicates 2, Mod.

the Safety

in the case of the Control

22

CONFIDENTIAL

r

--

--_-_.--__

-

DESCRIPTION

0. P. 1002

BRANCH

BOX 5 WIRE CONNECTION BOX

BOX TYPE

FIRING P SWITCH

SAFETY RECEPTACLE BATTERY CONTROL PANEL BOX

A 0

CONTROL PANEL MARK 3. MOD. 2

FIG.

9.

WIRING DIAGRAM MARK 20

FOR 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER,

(USING FIRING PANEL MARK 3 OR MARK 3, MOD. 2)
On the Firing Panels, Mark 3 and Mark 3, Mod. 2, a single light is illuminated when the The power switch on the panel should Safety Plug is in place and the power switch is “ON.” be turned to firing. misfires. 64) 6-8 to “ON” Leaving The volt only to ascertain if the launchers unnecessarily the switch at “ON” lights No. furnished 90) 12-16 with double Volt candelabra contact are in a ready condition, and just prior will result in a run-down battery and bases. are Navy type TS-20 (Mazda NO. If these lamps are too bright,

indicator (Mazda

the panels

3 c-p, bayonet

Navy

type TS-43

6 c-p may be used instead.

CONFIDENTIAl

23

--~__---__ F

.---1.11

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
NOSE FUZE MARK
131

0. P. 1002

FUZE PROTECTING CAP

/

YUZE

PROTECTING CAP

-

-4

7”2 ROCKET BODY MK. 5

7:‘2 R 0 CK ET BODY MK 4 v

b

THREADED

JOINT

F‘ORWARD SHROUD REAR SHROUD P 2’i25 ROCKET MOTOR MK. 3
0

b

/

FINS

7:2 ROCKET END VIEW

7:2 ROCKET

FIG.

IO.

7”.2ROCKET

24

CONFIDENTIAL

AMMUNITION
Chapter 2

0. P. 1002

7”.2 ROCKET AMMUNITION FUZES AND 7”.2 ROCKET AMMUNITION
Two general views of the 7”.2 Rocket ammunition for use with Launchers, Mark 20 and 22, are shown in figure 10. The units consist of the body, the motor, and the fuze. The body is 7.2 inches in maximum diameter and the assembled projectile weighs about 63 pounds. The entire unit is streamlined and provided with The pounds consisting fins to give body of of TNT stable the flight and a high is filled of TPX. sinking An rate in water. 30 booster projectile TNT with approximately auxiliary

or 34 pounds

of granular

is employed

to detonate

this charge.

BODY
The body for 7”.2 Rocket ammunition is a welded steel cylindrical case, with a relatively flat nose section and a conical tail fairing. It is provided with an opening in the nose section to receive designed the nose. the fuze seat liner and the fuze. Later designs provide Originally the body was into for nose filling and the fuze seat liner was screwed for filling through

the rear and

the fuze seat liner in these bodies is integral with the body. The body, Mark 4, and motor, Mark 3, are assembled by screwing the motor into the threaded cone bushing of the body. The newer body (Mark 5) with integral fuze seat liner uses a connector closure into which an adapter is screwed which, in turn, accommodates the motor. The design of this body not only permits of pouring of the high explosive through the rear opening but also permits the use of a larger other motor when the adapter is omitted, thus allowing applications of this body.

CONFIDENTIAL

25

v

_____

_._-_

-_--__---

-----.

-

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
FRONT CLOSURE DISC ‘/

0. P. 1002

--------i

/ /I

IGNITER

INSULATED

WIRES

c-==-/

SECTION

A-

PERSPECTIVE

OF POWDER

GRAIN

INSULATION GRID

INSULATED MACHINE

WIRE

INSULATED

WASHER

NOZZLE

CLOSURE

DISC

DESICCANT

BAG

FIG. 11. DIAGRAMMATIC SKETCH OF ROCKET MOTOR
(SHOWING DETAILS OF TYPICAL PROPELLANT ASSEMBLAGE)

26

CONFIDENTIAL

AMMUNITION

0. P. 1002

MOTOR
The motor 2.25 inches, consists of a steel tube having an outside shroud diameter of the 4 radial fins and a cylindrical The forward surrounding

fins (see fig. 11). threaded relative rotation would

end of the motor tube is externally The fins are inclined to 10’

for assembly to the tube

with the body. axis. This design

is intended

impart which

to the rocket disturb

and to cancel

“ruddering”

effects

the underwater

trajectory.

PROPELLANT COMPONENTS
The typical propellant assembly components are contained is shown in the in figure extruded motor. 11. A The of the components

main component powder. igniter At the which

is a single grain of solventless forward end of this powder squib

b&stite an

grain is located

consists

of an electrical electrical

leading

into a charge the motor grain to the burns,

of black shrouds igniter. igniting

powder. through When

Two a central

wires

are run from

perforation circuit which

in the powder is closed, burns

the electrical grain

the igniter

the propellant

uniformly

on all sur-

faces at a pressure

of 800 to 2,300 pounds The gases evolved

per square inch, dependare forced out through

ing upon temperature. the nozzle propel any blast, the the

at high velocity unit forward. with

and, by their reaction The propulsion does

on the motor, not depend on

interaction

the air or upon exists.

the shields

struck which light

by the makes boats.

so no recoil problem use of such equipment

It is this feature on relatively

possible

The burning ture, while

continues the rocket

for about travels occurs

0.4 second 33 feet.

at normal After

tempera-

about

this period,

no further

propulsion

and the rocket

is in free flight.

CONFIDENTIAL

27

-

7
U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK 131
U.S.Na NOSE FUZE- MARK 131

SAFETY BE IN

PIN MUST POSITION

U. S. NOSE FUZE, MARK 135

FIG.

13

30

CllNFlDENTlAL

FUZE SEAT LINERS
(See Rocket The opening nently fig. 12). seat A threaded 4, into head liner is threaded light opening which is provided in the 7”.2 body, Mark the fuze seat liner externally metal internally is screwed. threaded to fit the permafor the

fuze

to fit this or liner the cavity

in the body

and is threaded

fuze threads.

A formed, booster.

extension

fixed to the fuze seat liner head forms for engaging 131 fuze

fuze and auxiliary with hooks used. loaded the Mark

The fuze seat liner flange is provided the fuze cap when the Mark to protect remain the propeller 131 fuze is vanes of is

This fuze cap is intended and should way. on the launcher

in place until the rocket

The fuze seat liner is an integral Mark 5. -

part of the 7”.2 Rocket

body,

CONFIDENTIAL

29

AMMUNITION

0. P. 1002

THE FUZES
One of the three fuzes is used with 7”.2 Rockets as follows: (Uses one

1. U. S. N. Nose
Mark 1 (3-inch)

Fuze,

Mark

131 and

Mods.

booster.) Fuze wit

2. U. S. N. Nose bodies Mark provided 1 booster.)

3. U. S. N. Nose Fuze, Mark 140 and Mods. (2 -inch) These upon boosters.) after entering object. the

(Uses two Mark 2

fuzzes are armed or other

water deck

and

all fire of

impact

with the steel surface submerged

or the wood

gratings

a submarine

The fuze is screwed or directly the body, booster cylinder inspection is removed.

into the fuze seat liner of the Mark 4 body c into the Mark 5 body. Before the fuze is screwed into should be made to ascertain that the auxiliary shipping

is present in the fuze liner and that the cardboard

CONFIDENTIAL

7’2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
BOOSTER PELLET \ \j \ P BOOSTER CASE BODY SHUTTER /STdP LEAD-INaLOAb DETONATOR LEAD-IN-DISC P STOP PIN FUZE

0. P. 1002

Y/P

SPRIN PIN

G

SHUTTER DETONATt 3R

JI

SECTION

A-A

/ i/

SECTION SLEEVE FIRING SLEEVE 3 BALLS RETAINING Ba* :: % P GASKET SET-BACK

B-B STOP PIN SLEEVE SPRING RING COLLAR

FIRING PI SPRING FIRING PI WEIGHT 1
2 i,

SEALING

COLLARb I > fz

SEALING WASHER

! FUZE-PLUG ARMING ---o SPRING ARMING I a LOCKING SCREW PLATE WIRE HUB \

” -. I

I

VANE SHEAR VANE PINS

-SAFETY

- -- ------,
PIN

SET SCREW

n

ARMING

VANE A

UNARMED

POSITION

FIG. 14. U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK

131

32

CONFIDENTIAL

FUZES
U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK
GENERAL
The Nose Fuze, Mark 131, in general a counterpart is illustrated in Figure of the British 14. to the Fuze, Mark

0. P. 1002

131

(AND MODS.)
Fuze No. 420, except that

the collar shear wire is omitted, NOTE. The Nose Arming for complete Detonation immersed object Generally,

The Nose Fuze, Mark charge, Fuze, Mark

131, is identical

in appearance

136, which red. is not

is used in the projectile sufficient

except

that the nose of Nose never be used in rockets. revolutions be sufficiently

Fuze, Mark

131, is painted in rockets

136, has a collar

shear wire and since the set back

to shear this wire, it should the fuze is accomplished the surface. although revolutions arming, it will

after the fuze strikes the water and has sunk to between of the arming armed vanes are required probably to fire on side impact or glancing, on an

10 and 15 feet below after only 4 complete

Seven complete of the vane.

of the fuze is accomplished the fuze will not operate

by impact, on striking

either direct, and sinking

oblique,

after the rocket has sunk beyond

the arming distance

of between

10 and 15 feet.

into soft sea bottoms.

OPERATION
The arming rockets to avoid Prior set-back fuzes screw, have are issued fuze plug, been with the tagged and set-back in place safety pin in place. remain at which to weather. vane is prevented vane hub lock the arming from and vane rotating the plug. until by the These set-back secured due to behind arming ways, rockets This time pin passes until it should through the collar and should in place after the fuzzed be removed. firing-

positioned remain from

on the launcher on fuzed

The fuze caps should damage collar to firing

at all times ---until just before

to fuzes by handling the launcher, locking which engages collar

or by exposure the arming pins in the

pins fit in a slot force causes When against rotation

in the set-back

collar to move

and positively backward

the set-back the rocket

on the plug. the set-back

The vane collar moves

is further rearward drops

by a vane shear wire which fixes the arming vane hub directly is fired from the launcher, position in this rearward

to the fuze plug.

its inertia and is retained the fuze plug pin. NOTE.be retracted When 131, and mod$

by a small spring plate which

CONFIDENTIAL

33

7’2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
remains, should it is true, but this could’$e armed by sub$$bent should’be severed spray. replaced. by heavy I+$er . ’ ” the arming impa& p,f-.sea water

0. P. 1002

coming

over

the

bow, and the fize

such sba%onditions,

the set-back

collar If the

not be retracted the &t-back

until just .before firing, collar’has moved

i~S’$&l weattier

fuze is not fired, the collai After

rearward,

vane is restricted,

or with sticky‘jcollars. I ,‘. ’ l ! i

again&t rota-

tion, during air flight,, by the vane shear wire. Upon striking the water, the tbr$ue impoyd on I the vane by the water! action shears the vane shear wire, allowing the:vane to r&Ate hs the charge sinks. As the %ane:rotafes, forward into und& the the arming influence scre& moves fo&ard, alpowing spring.!’ th$ w$ght, This togither to pl@es shutter with the associated also move the weight to spring moves prevent effort ’ firing pin, f&ng pin locking ballb, firing pin spfing sleeve and firing pin sleevi, action detonator

of the compressed with

in its armed!‘position, a? arqed pos&on khe 4 stops

free to oscillate in alignment agairist ,:

about its base, and allow&he the firing inward pin. by their springs. by rotation

As the firing

pin sleeve vane

forward,

z/re released, and moved bking forced when unarming described theirelease booster

These, detents by hand in z$n

the firing pin from to render

the detonator : ’ a&&e, o!!the pellet

of the arming

and screw in the r&efse With the fuze’$q’the The firing

direction

an/inadvertently

armed’fuze

it isafe to handle. ax-me4 cond+ion

any blow which will cause the weigh? firing pin from tfe locking The balls ‘q<b detonator thk detonagor.

to iosci)late sleeve.:’ detonates cause rockets

abouC iis .ba’se will\permit pin spring which booster

&h,en forces, the firing and the main filler. to fix$ due cause oscillation

pin in@

init!ia%es the lead-in adjacent laterally

fires the tetr$ rockets

the auxiliary “armed”

in tie base of the\fu,ze, which in turn 6’ , The detonation of one roc’ket will probably countesmining iJ /’ action accelerating ‘I i the

to the

of their weight&.

SAFETY FEATURES
The safety follows : (a) position mitted booster (b) manner (c) wire, arming The detonator is held out of alignment or otherwise, rather with features of the fuze,

when in the unarmeci’condition, the firing Firing

may

be summarized and in

as

pin point

alignment

with a vent hole leading by any means, into the interior pellet. The arming as to prevent The arming

to the interior accidentally

of the fuze body.

of the detonator

while in this to the in such shear the

will permit

the explosive

force to be trans-

of the fuze body

than to the lead-in a retaining

and subsequently

screw holds oscillation safety

the weight

within

ring of the fuze body collar,

of the weight. rotation of which by the set-back must be displaced by the vane before pin-all or ruptured

vane is held against

and by the tagged vane can turn.

Remember thefuze is in a very dangerous that condition afterthearming vanehasbeenunscrewed 2 or 3 revolutions,for any reason.

34

CONFIDENTIAL

FUZES

0. P. 1002

SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
No attempt any circumstances. In installing this precaution arming the fuze. allowance record fits the outer should be made to remove armed or partially armed fuzes from rockets under The rocket or removing is not followed, parts) and the fuze should be disposed of together.

this fuze in or from a rocket, the plug may be unscrewed wrench be’ used for installing

do not grasp the fuze by the arming set-back collar, or arming vane turned, This vane. If or the arming or removing tools. thereby wrench is on

vane or use a pipe wrench

or any other tool on the plug,

Only the special spanner should

which has been placed

on the ship’s launcher There

list (spare

the fuze.

pair of holes in the fuze body, accident caused

and not the holes in the fuze plug.

a serious

by the use of improper

CONFIDENTIAL

35

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
P POST
SHUTTER / DETONATOR

t P. lU2

SHUTTER

SPRING

DETENT

SPRING

SHUTTER

SPRING

CAP

DETENT

SPRING

CAP

SECTION

A-A

LEAD-I N-LOAD

BOOSTER

PELLET

LEAD-I N-DISC

BOOSTER

CUP

HOUSING

RETAINING

RING

FIRING

PIN

LOCATING

PIN

SET-BACK

COLLAR

FIRING

PIN

SPRING

3 BALLS

BODY

WEIGHT

BELL

CRANK

NOSE

PLATE

BELL

CRANK

PIN

DIAPH RAG M

GASKET

SAFETY

PIN

NOSE

CAP

DIAPHRAGM

BUTTON

NUT d

‘b DIAPHRAGM

BUTTON

FIG.

15. U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK 135 AND MARK 135,MOD. 1
(H.I. FUZE) R.

36

CONFIDENTIAL

I

U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK
GENERAL
The Nose “H. I. R.” Fuze, Mark 135, is illustrated in figure 15.

135

(AND MODS.)
designated

This fuze was formerly impact firing, rocket type.

fuze.

The fuze is of the hydrostatic

arming,

OPERATION
Arming the fuze is accomplished two builds up against by pressure which a prestressed behaving shutter of water phosphor entering bronze the cavity previously diaphragm. thus pin in the nose of withdrawn. At a certain the fuze. The the fuze through value of pressure, two bell cranks, Upon impact f:G-inch holes from “pops,” a safety pin has been

The water pressure

the diaphragm releasing

like the bottom freeing pellet the

of an oil can and operates arming locking balls.

the detonator the weight

and freeing

the weight, firing

or jarring, which

is displaced, booster

firing pin spring then forces initiates booster the lead-in and the main filler.

the firing pin point fires the tetryl

into the lead azide detonator. which in turn detonates

The detonator the auxiliary

The fuze normally At the high velocity pressure depth on one velocity reached. After hold is built which

arms under with which

a static

pressure strikes after

equal

to approximately when actually causing merely range. before

30 feet of water. fired, a dynamic or the

the rocket immediately short

the water the impact,

up on the head

the fuze to arm at a dropped overboard cases, In these depth

of 15 to 20 feet. in the water

This effect would would

not occur normal

on a rocket operating arming

fell considerably

of the

not be sufficient

to cause

a 30-ft.

had been

the fuze is armed, pin. forward, them. is about

it will fire if the weight deceleration, the balls inward hit causes sponding less than a foot fuze.

is jarred against

off, releasing the rocket

3 steel balls which strikes head-on,

the firing

A sudden

for example the weight to about

when

pulls the weight

first forcing A glancing the body equal,

the force of the firing pin spring to roll about drop at a;uch outline a point on the edge and The sensitivity to forward

and then releasing where it is supported sidewise (head-on). sufficient impacts wood post.

against

and releases the balls. surface inclined of the extreme

a&inch

in air on the end of a as 7S” from normal of a submarine hull is

The fuze will fire on an under-water Th us a hit within to actuate the armed

CONFIDENTIAL

37

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
-. .

0. P. 1002

SAFETY
Safety weight locking shaking positive against positively button safety

FEATURES
dropping or jolts is guaranteed by the fact that the bell cranks the other in. Similarly, In shipping hold the in place until they have been forced on the diaphragm is provided prevents out by the diaphragm. independently. Their symmetry The intereffects of

/
I

is such that sidewise are cancelled

blows tend to move one bell crank out and move their moving action out by the opposing of the bell cranks.

and handling, is fired, position, against the ’ j , it

by a safety pin which passes through If this wire is pulled which heavy action and completely in excess

a hole in the nose cap and locks the rocket

the diaphragm

in the safe position. is fairly

out just before supported

serves also to clean out the ports through Since the diaphragm the fuze will remain penetration penetration operative at depths

water enters the nose cap. in the collapsed The unit is sealed clamped of 600 feet. compound”.

of water by the gasket supplemented of moisture

of the edge of the diaphragm

between

nose cap and the body,

by a coat of “crater parts in storage.

This seal also prevents

to the moving

CONFIDENTIAL

FUZES

0. P. 1002

- _-

^

I^“--__

-

SAFETY

PfN

TO BE REM OVED BEFORE FI RING

FIG.
GENERAL
The Nose Arming high velocity Fuze, Mark

16.

u. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK 140

140, is a hydrostatic pressure

arming,

impact-firing pressure

fuze. however, at the is built up on the head deck or a wooden

occurs

under a static

of approximately dynamic

30 feet of water;

with which the rocket on impact

strikes the water,

so that the fuze arms at depths The fuze will function deck grating.

of from 8 to 15 feet. with a solid object such as a submarine

CONFIDENTIAL

39

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
/MAGAZINE
LEAD-IN DISC

0. P. 1002
BOOSTER,

STRIKER

RING BELL CRANK

FIRING I,/ RELEASING SPRING

PIN SPRING BUTTON PIVOT

1

2 LOCK

SCREW

DIAPHRAGM NUT -1

DIAPHRAGM

DETENT SHUTTER SHUTTER

--___ ____-

SPRINGS

SECTION
(UNARMED

X-X
140

POSITION)

SECTION
(ARMED

X-X

POSITION)

FIG. 17. U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK

40

CONFIDENTIAL

FUZES
U. S. N. NOSE FUZE, MARK
THE MECHANISM
The mechanism is screwed bronze phragm diaphragm is contained in the fuze body. and covered A nose cap with two water with a fuze protective against a diaphragm of from cup. seat.

0. P. 1002

140

intake This

ports dia-

in the upper end of the body is set in the upper and so clamped

A phosphor-

end of the body A button, is secured

is prestressed

at the rim that a static pressure so that inverting wire is inserted from which the diaphragm through extend

12 to 15 pounds are engaged, against ports the the diaof the A

per square inch is required is secured bell cranks. phragm nose cap.

to push it inward. the button

in which two bell cranks will work intake

by a nut in the diaphragm, The nut to which

is so shaped

that it will anchor

to the nose cap when a safety

the water upward

The bell cranks are affixed by pins to slots in the head in which they can be pivoted. hooks and downward. fitted on the hub of the head. The head fits tightly and locking on the fuze base and The striker ring the base. A lead-in The disc

On each bell crank there is a projection safety ring is loosely is secured by a press fit.

The fuze base houses and the firing sleeve which detonator is housed shutter between under

the firing pin, firing pin spring, maintains spring pressure is fitted

balls.

the lockin, u balls in place in a groove A booster

are set around encloses

in the fuze base. magazine

the shutter

and the booster.

the fuze cavity.

EXPLOSIVE COMPONENTS
The explosive (1) (2) (3) components -Housed consist of: in disc. 30 grams (1 .l) ounce tetryl Housed m booster cap. DetonatorBooster Boosterin shutter. lead-in-Housed Approximately

OPERATION
ARMING.
is removed. intake through reached bottom ports After When the fuze has been assembled the rocket enters the water, tending action thereby detents. in the nose of the the pressure built to push “pops” rocket, motion When the which safety enters wire the has of the water up by the it inward. of the nose cap and the dynamic act .on the diaphragm This diaphragm of from pressure of the rocket the rocket like the under be

the water a depth

8 to 15 feet the diaphragm moves arming The

or is inverted, The shutter

behaving operating

of an oil can.

the two bell cranks the fuze. is aligned sleeve

out of engagement

with the shutter spring pressure lead-in dislodged where

and the firing sleeve, slides to a position by spring

where the detonator

with the firing pin and booster is also free and can now acting

it is locked

firing

by impact

with a solid object. is fired, the set-back However, bell cranks force and air pressure the freely moving force set-back on the diaphragm such premature safety ring is held in engageto prevent

At the time the rocket ment with the hooks

tend to arm the fuze prematurely. on the arming.

by the

CONFIDENTIAL

41

? +

-c__--__-I

-_- _.._ ---_-

--~-

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
When water impact occurs, premature arming is also prevented

0. P. 1002

by the momentary

engage-

ment of grooves

in the firing sleeve with the hooks upon impact

on the bell cranks. It is designed bottoms. When balls. so that it

FIRING: Th e f uze functions
is not likely however inertia ejected firing detonator forces pin, now A glancing The sideways to function the firing on impact sleeve on impact by the force free, blow with wood

with a solid object. such as muddy releasing

with soft objects thereby under

It will function the impact The spring. strikes occurs, balls are The the the

gratings forward, forward

on the decks of submarines. is under pressure

the locking

of the firing pin which is moved causes releasing train.

of its compressed

the force striker one-fourth

of its compressed ring to move

spring,

and sets off the explosive

the loosely the locking

fitting

sidewise

camming

firing sleeve forward,

balls and thus permitting

the fuze to function,

sensitivity

is approximately

of the nose sensitivity.

SAFETY
DETONATOR
detonator maturely, the force

FEATURES
SAFETY:
This fuze is detonator charges. be dissipated safe. In the unarmed an opening position, function the prewith the booster would Should the detonator of the detonation components. in the rocket, “pops” the fuze After is in the of through in the body

is out of alignment

away from the explosive

INSTALLED
unarmed position. 12 to 15 pounds been armed, some solid object.

IN ROCKET: Wh en the fuze is installed
Arming per square will not occur inch until pressure to operate is required

the diaphragm. by impact of the

Pressure fuze

the diaphragm.

the fuze has with

it will not function

until the locking

balls are freed

DURING SHIPPING AND STOWAGE:
and stowage tively moving locks by a safety wire inserted button through the diaphragm ports. The fuze has a large wrench to’the

Additional

safety

is provided ports. of the

during

shipping wire posifrom clean to

the water intake The removal

The safety wire serves

nose cap, thereby the fuze.

preventing

the diaphragm

inward

and accidentally

arming

the water intake

DROP SAFETY:
with water protective nose. entry

dome-shaped

steel cup fitted over the exposed The sole purpose is accidentally dropped

end on its

and spanner

holes around

its sides.

of this fuze

cup is to prevent

functioning

of the fuze if a round

ARMED FUZES
From through an examination However, of the exterior ports of the fuze, it is impossible it is impossible to tell whether to reinsert the safety or not the wire wire can fuze is armed. be reinserted when this fuze is armed, in the nose cap. the nose cap. the safety the water intake If the fuze is unarmed,

all the way through

42

CONFIDENTIAL

FUZES
INSTALLING IN ROCKET
INSTRUCTIONS: (1)
69
Remove liner. the shipping plug from the rocket and inspect

0. P. 1002

the fuze

seat

Clean if necessary. the fuze from as to the gasket. This is accomplished should its container Check by turning when and examine the fuze it for defects, par-

Remove ticularly ring. The

the freedom

of movement alternately

of the safety nose-down

and nose up. last click position. (3)

The ring should be heard

be heard to “click”

with each movement. to the nose-up on the bell cranks. wrench

the fuze is turned the hooks

In this position

the ring engages

Screw the fuze securely in the openings so that Seepage fuze. should entering provided. cup. of the fuze protective the connection Before inserting or any

in the nose of the rocket The spanner of the fuze with wrench the

using a spanner

fits the holes in the side in position of the wire from will be watertight. a light coat safety

Insure that the gasket is properly rocket

of water past the gasket available

may result in the malfunctioning should be given Also, the mineral grease.

the fuze the threads

of petrolatum be coated

with a light coat of grease in order to keep moisture

into the fuze. the safety wire from the water intake ports in the nose of the

(4)

Remove

fuzc prior to firing the charge.

(5)

Do not

remove

the fuze

protective

cup

from

the fuze.

This cup is a body.

part of the Mark

140 fuze and should

not be confused

with the fuze cap

used to protect, fuzes and which is a part of the projectile

POINTS TO CHECK:
The following points should be checked during the installation of the fuze in the rocket:

(1)
(2)
(3)

That

the fuze seat liner into substances.

which the fuze is to be screwed

is clean

and free of foreign

That the two 2”.0 length auxiliary That That the safety ring moves freely.

boosters

are in place in the rocket.

(4) (5) (6)

the fuze gasket is properly seated

in position. in the rocket.

That the fuze is securely That

the safety wire has beenremoved.

CONFIDENTIAL

43

7

---

------

- -

-

- --

.-.---

-

--

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
ASSEMBLY SHEET AMMUNITION USE
BODY COMPONENTS LINER Dwg. No. Dwg. No.

0. P. 1002

7”.2

AND

2”.5
FOR

ROCKET

SHIPBOARD
ROCKET

COMPLETE ROUND MARK No.

USE OF ROUND

NOMINAL ROUND WT. (LBS.) Size Mark

ROCKET Mod.

BODY

FILLER

TYW

2 -- Service 101 201 Target Drill Service Target Drill Service 6 106 206 7 Service Target Drill Service Service Service Target Drill Service Service Target NOTE. (1) (2) (3) Mark Mark Mark 60 60 60 60 60 60 65 62. 5 62. 5 62. 5 61. 4 62. 4 57. 5 57. 5 57. 5 58. 5 63. 5 8. 8

--

--7”.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7”‘.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 7” ---- .2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7ll.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 --7”.2 2”.5 bodies motors loaded

1 1 1 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 1 All All . All (Note 1) All (Note 1) All (Note 1) All (Note 1)

Lane Wells Lane Wells Lane Wells 330904 330904 330904 329138 329138 329138 329138 330906 330906 330906 330906 330906 330906 329138 329402 Mark Mark 4a bodies. 3 mod.

SK99440 SK99440 SK99440 SK99440 SK99440 SK99440 SK99440 328708 329292 (Note (Note 3) 3)

TNT Plaster Plaster TNT Plaster Plaster TNT TNT Plaster Plaster TPX TPX TNT Plaster - Plaster TNT TNT Solid

t

2 102

Integral Integral Integral Integral Integral Integral 328708 329292 None

8
9 109
‘-

209 10 15

4 all mod. 3 all mod. 4 plaster

do not include do not include bodies

1 motors. fuze seat liner.

may or may not include

CONFIDENTIAL

0. P. 1002

BOOSTER

I
Mark

ROCKET ROCKET

MOTOR MOTOR Mod.

COMPONENTS

_GRAIN Mark FUZE Mark

I

BALLISTIC Curve No.

DATA Column No.

Mark

Needed

Dwg.

No.

.1

Page

54

Page

58

I

1 None None

2r’.25

I

1 1 1 3 3 3

2fl.25 I
2!‘.25 1 1 2”.25 2”.25 2lj.25 1 1 2ll.25 2lj.25 2”.25 2”.25 1 2 1 2”.25 2ll.25 2ll.25 2ll.25 I ’ 2 2 2”.25 2ll.25 2”.25 1”.25 /

I
1

I I
1 1 1 1 All (Note 2)d All (Note 2) All (Note 2) (Note All (Note All ‘(Note All (Note All (Note 2) 2) 2) 2) 2)

I

I

I I
1

330905 330905 330905 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932 329932

-.-

1 1

135 None None 135 None None 135 1 131

1 1

1 1

.- None
1

1
None None 1 1 None None 1 2 1 None None 2 2

1 1

1 1

.-

1 None ---

---

3 3 3 3 3

=

2 3 3 None 3 3 10 10 None 10 3 4

2 / 1 3 3 1 1

2 3 3

1 None None 131 140 131 None None 140 140 None

4 3 5 5

4 3 5 5

-_

3 3 3 3 3 3

I

None

I

/ (N:e! 2) / All (Note 2) All (Note 2) 1

6 7 8

6 7 8

1

1

1 329403

CONFIDENTIAL

45

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

SERVICING
USE OF LUBRICANTS:
or corroded Before of grease. should be given installing in the projectile Fuze surfaces fuze threads that might should become rusted grease. a light coat of petrolatum or mineral

be given a light coat

DISASSEMBLY:

No disassembly

of this fuze is authorized.

REPORTS OF MALFUNCTIONINGS:
tionings to the fuze. or any difficulties Bureau of Ordnance. history detailed encountered The report should a complete and all pertinent

Reports contain

of

malfuncnumber, the

with this fuze should information

be reported

the lot

concerning

PACKING

AND
PACKING:
tainer . ping box.

MARKING
One fuze is packed in a sealed cylindrical metal conshipfuzes in containers are packed in a wooden

Twenty-four

MARKING:
the date shipping contained number, within,

The

fuze

is marked

with

mark, activity. year

mod.,

and lot number, container and order number of fuzes

of manufacture box are marked name

and the loading with mark number, of manufacturer, initials.

The

lot number, of

manufacture,

and the inspector’s

46

CONHDENTIAL

__,

-I-_ ----

OPERATION
Chapter 3

0. P. 1002

OPERATIONAND MAINTENANCE 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK20

STOWAGE
The installed), motors ten high. The above 7”.2 Rockets rocket motors, uncrated

AND
are issued to and fuzes.

ASSEMBLY
ships They in three units: Bodies (with auxiliary with boosters and are to be stowed the motors facilities. in ready stowage service stowage, fuzes are not to be In ships where to proin magazines bodies

assembled,

and unfuzed, with existing

and may be stacked stowage Except

on top of each other not to exceed slightly apart.

Separators

should

be used between

to keep the shrouds

is in conformity

Fuzes are issued in boxes of 24 each. assembled in the ammunition to provide in watertight or stowed separate it is impracticable vide stowage

in magazines

with the ammunition. for the fuzes,

magazine

it is acceptable

lockers,

topside. care must tubular spacer Before be exercised cardboard to avoid spacer, cross threading. fully home plug, and the

In assembling It will be necessary into the body fuze cap are installed fuze cap, shipping tain that the correct given

the motor to employ The

to the body strap auxiliary

wrenches booster,

in order to drive

the motor

threads shipping

threads.

in the body number

when shipped. cardboard

Prior to inserting boosters mineral

the nose fuze, remove

plug, and tubular

from the nose of the body inserting

and make cershould be

and correct petrolatum

mark of auxiliary or any available

are in place (see page 3 1), grease, such as water pump seal

and that the fuze hole threads a light coat of grease down it should wrench provided grease, bearing and screwed The special

are undamaged.

the fuze the threads

grease, or cup grease.

After the fuze has been inserted Attention

in the nose of the body is invited to 0. P. 1017

be set up sufficiently

tight on its gasket to insure a watertight

must be used for this purpose.

CONFIDENTIAL

47

T’

_... --

.-_-.

.-

--___-______-_

_

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
BuOrd Circular Letter before No. covering plugs this subject. When the Mark

0.P.1002

and

A5043
Nose

131 fuze

is

used the fuze cap should in place issuing until just depot. should

be put on again after the fuze has been installed, firing. and fuze caps should

and should

be kept

be turned

in to the next

Rockets Excessive rockets

not be fuzed boxes

until just should

before

they

are put into the ready-service at hand. Fuze intervals for inspection surfaces

boxes. caps on of the toavoid with

ready in ready

box temperatures service any moisture Before

be avoided

by any means

should

be removed

at frequent

fuze and to remove be covered rust or corrosion.

which may have accumulated or mineral the fuze in the body

under the cover. should

Fuzes should

with a light coat of petrolatum screwing

grease on the exposed the threads

be covered

a light coat of grease.

LOADING
Exact loading Headquarters, In general, two loaders provided.
possession.

AND
and firing in Chief,

FIRING
is covered States in publications Fleet. To prepare a launcher for firing, under the cognizance of United

procedure

Commander 4 to 6 loaders

plus a gun captain

will be used.

lift the rails or ways and swing the crutch
B e f ore loading, the gun captain

up in place, boxes. They

locking remove

it with the latches
plug in his

of the launcher

crew must have

the safety

Two

loaders

are stationed load the rockets

at the

ready

the rockets

from

the ready boxes and pass them to 2 other loaders loaders, rocket. last mentioned, one hand is placed between

who are stationed

at the launchers. In loading position

The two the rockets, and pushed

in the ways of the launchers. 6 inches above

the fins of the tail ring and the other hand grasps the nose of the its normal shrouds should seat properly accidentally and that the the

The rocket is then laid in the way about with the rear contact.

down into the contacts. vanes do not interfere two motor When foredeck captain shrouds

Care must be taken that the motor If the rocket

be dropped

may short together

and make a misfire possible. are swung up and pinned in place, and the to the from plug is in to The gun “POWER” “ON.”

all the ways are loaded, These and the guards at the safety for firing, 2, Mod. 3, Mod. “ON.” Mark Mark

the retainers positions receptacle the conning protected

crew takes firing stations. are guarded takes station Panel, Panel,

are chosen

in such a way that all entrances the safety plug at a command marked the safety plug

out of line of blast of the launchers. and inserts officer throws indicator the switch

the bridge. is inserted place

To prepare

on the Control On the Control

2, the red safety 2, the

lights up when switch when

in the receptacle, the power switched

and the green indicator The power

when the power lights should switch

is turned

red indicator

the safety

and

be kept at “OFF”

except

48

CONFlDENTlAl

OPERATION
check board” officer button for readiness are thrown presses should or to fire.

0.P.1002

To fire both launchers,
position. When at the next instant until all the rockets large interval

the switches

marked

“port”

and “starthe conning The firing is in good of a salvo.

to the “ON”

the proper have gone;

range

is reached,

the firing button be kept depressed

that the ship is on even keel. unless the battery between the firing of the halves

condition,

there may be a relatively
is gone, the safety

As soon as the salvo

plug must be removed and the power switch opened.

The laun-

chers can then be reloaded. The ready between salvos. the connection the rockets safety boxes are replenished be noted These from storage as soon rockets as possible, have safety in any time shorting available before issue, a

It should in the motor.

that certain boxes. With

wires shorting

wires are to be clipped ammunition

off close to the terminals of present and future after

are placed

in the ready

clip will be used instead on the ways.

of wires.

This

clip must

be removed

the ammunition

has been loaded

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
It should motors excess blowing should of that be emphasized printed that all rocket exposed tube, ammunition must be treated may no result with care. in the rocket Rocket in to not be needlessly to the direct is fired. rays of the sun or to any temperature Under circumstances the safe limits. in excess within are rockets Ammunition limit

on the motor

as such exposure

motor

up on the launcher

when the rocket

be fired when they have been subjected until they have been allowed which limits has been exposed the lower within or less than limit to excessive printed use. before

to a temperature temperatures

in excess of the safe firing limitations within of the upper

to return to a temperature on the tube) Every should

(temperatures should

be maintained be made

the safe firing ammunition

for at least 6 hours

effort

to maintain

in ready service Since, and asphalt development procedure stance disposed

the safe temperature the propellant

firing limits at all times. into the motor visual is at present tube by means of closure discs The

at present, paint,

is sealed to conduct

it is not possible

or surveillance

tests of any kind. Under Any rocket

of surveillance

tests for ballistite from

being undertaken of a publication.

and when a proper no circummotors on must be

has been worked

out it will be made the subject disc or discs have become in to an ammunition

is the propellant

to be removed

the motor of any rocket. loosened depot

hand in which the closure ing into deep water. It is obvious being loaded.

must not be fired.

They

of either by turning

or, if this is not practicable,

by dump-

that it is dangerous
It is more dangerous,

to stay directly
however, to

in front of a launcher
behind

while it is loaded

or

stay directly

the launcher

under the same

CONFIDENTIAL

49

7.“2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
The blast that is emitted from the nozzle thousand (rear) end is intensely difficult

0.P.1002

circumstances.

hot and the slivers of

gases travel burning
Extreme loaded

at a rate of between may be blown

six and seven

feet per second. are very always

Small

powder
caution launcher

out of the nozzle,
loaded.

and these should

to extinguish.
to the rear of a

must be taken to make sure that no one is directly or one that is being

in front of or directly

Loading should

be done in such a manner or intentionally.

that the loader or the blast Carelessness

and any member take in case

of the crew are well to one side of the path that the projectile a rocket be fired either accidentally in fatal casualties. with safety circuit. The plugs and safety receptacles. These receptacles therefrom, be to see respects to be in the

would

in this respect launchers of the

has resulted

All rocket are installed and are part possession ready place safety have

are equipped bulkhead, firing

on an external or under

in sight of the launcher person, whose

and at a safe distance plug is at all times responsibility it shall

electrical the control

of a particular immediately person. launcher

that the safety

plug is not installed

in the receptacle a loaded

until the launcher The safety loaded must

is in all other

to be fired, and is removed is approached plug resulted by any other

after firing. or partially

plug shall be removed with the plug in not to load any that the casualties certain Fatal

by the person charged launcher

with its care before any loaded

launcher

All personnel member

be instructed with its care.

or to approach from

until it has been made absolutely charged precautions.

is in the possession failure

of the crew

to observe

the necessary
Marks

Tests immediate

of Firing circuits vicinity

of launchers, shall

20 and 22, when they involve
until all rockets or stored

personnel

being

in the from

of the launchers

not be conducted of the launchers

have been removed box.

the launchers

and the immediate

vicinity

in the ready-service only

Subseof

quent to the completion an individual actual physical

of such tests, the rockets may be reloaded who has been plug. made responsible

on the launchers for the loading

at the order and

at the launchers possession

operation

is in

of the safety

The personnel

safety

precaution

in the

preceding

paragraph instructed

shall

be posted in it.

conspicuously

and

concerned

frequently should

and thoroughly

and drilled

The projectiles grease. The tests should

be kept free from rust, and the unpainted should be periodically bending of the danger due to lack trajectory. that a misfire occurs of setting off the electric

surfaces primer.

protected but

with

condition

of the insulation

inspected,

no electrical

be made because and handled

It is important a

that it be stored serious effect

in such a way as to avoid

of the tail rings, since distortion and will also have

of these rings may cause misfires on the underwater happen

of contact

in the launcher,

It may sometimes remain such on the ways. a misfire.

and one or more rockets for at least

in a salvo 10 minutes

will after

No one is to be allowed
the launcher,

on the forecastle
which should

Be f ore approaching

be done from one side

if possible,

make sure that the safety

plug has been removed

from the safety

receptacle.

If inspection

then

re-

veals that the closure

disc in the nozzle

has not been blown

out, it is probable

that the igniter

50

CONflDENTlAL

OPERATION
did not fire because
inspected. that shorting the nozzle Note rockets found,

0.P.1002

of electrical
have

difficulties.
by salt bridges down

The contacts which

should

be checked

and connections it may be These can at

If the rockets

been subjected with water.

to sea spray The stream

while in the launcher, on the contacts.

has been caused by washing

have formed

easily be removed closure

of water must not be directed

disc, as it may loosen

the disc. two rockets may remain on the ways, defects since are

that if a misfire is due to a short circuit, are connected examine reveals in parallel pairs. the delay-relay no obvious

the contacts

For example, in the control remove

if all the evenpanel.

or odd-numbered again fails to replace the shortthe

are misfired,

If any obvious from

they are to be repaired

and the firing repeated. defects,

In case the same rocket the round body,

fire, and inspection the safety ing wire or shorting the character number which

the launcher,

wire in the fuze, and remove clip, unscrew previous of malfunctioning,

the fuze from the projectile. from the rocket of days firings from of misfire. Mine the round Then

After replacing properly had been

the motor successful the cause

tag it so as to show on the ways, to the remarks nearest the
but in has

the number

of immediately

the same ways, Depot, Yorktown,

or any other

may aid in determining rules apply interval

turn in the motor In actual

ammunition enemy,

depot for trans-shipment to target

to the Naval practice

Va., for inspection. combat against officer,

All the foregoing the time

or test firings.

may be shortened
shall

at the discretion
remain

of the commanding

such case every precaution shown to be dangerous

be taken that personnel powder gases.

clear of the area which experience

because of burning

The misfired rounds shall be dropped It is not intended as the time taken to prevent to repeat

overto

board, cycle

after the fuze safety by repeating and possibly

wire has been replaced. the normal firing procedure of misfire,

efforts

fire the rocket

the firing

clear the launcher

is small. armed once it has been armed, unfired rockets

Because

of the fact that the fuze remains They

are not to be fished up out of the water. Since small pieces of solid propellant precautions be thoroughly inflammable. It is of the utmost shall never be allowed powder in the igniter which ing any work partment, powder plans. practicable. importance makes may should be taken to avoid

do not necessarily during washed

fire on sand bottom. firing and remain overboard, on the deck should

may be ejected fragments

fire hazards.

After firing the launcher,

the decks

hosed down and all such powder

as they are highly

that naked lights, matches, where this ammunition highly an abnormally high

or other flame producing is present. temperature Because storage The presence Before to ignition.

apparatus of black performlocal comwhere

in the vicinity cause

this ammunition either place type

susceptible

or an intense

heat in a magazine

or storage

where rocket ammunition

ammunition separate

is kept or in an adjacent of the presence be provided with should

the ammunition in the igniters Storage

must be removed should

to safe storage. not be made

of black approved

of rocket

in magazines

except

in accordance

GONFIDENTIAL

51

?---

_______ -_-- ---- .-

__-____

--

Y.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
MAI NTE NANCE

0.P.1002

The launcher units should be kept painted and free from rust, dirt and accumulations The electrical system should be examined at frequent intervals to insure that the of salt. batteries, dition.
launcher

firing panel, contacts, U n d er
rails
no

safety

plug and receptacle
electrical system in the immediate

and wiring
be checked vicinity

are in satisfactory
when rockets are on

conthe

condition

should

the

or when in an exposed

condition

of the launcher.

A simple

test of the electrical (a) (b) switch With With at ON.

system

is outlined in the OFF unloaded

below: position measure the voltage at ON at the battery. and the
starboard

all switches the launcher

place the power switch

(or

upper)

Insert the safety plug into its receptacle. Measure the voltage between the hot knife edge contact and ground. A reading appreciably less than that obtained under (a) indicates a short circluit or low resistance parts, which should be found and corrected. If both voltage readings (a) and (b) are substantially and ground; passing a quick about check the same, connect a suitable resistance 21 Such a at least 3 the knife edge contact a convenient resistance consists of a 6-volt

between

cl, or 32 cp automobile type lamp, lamp should light up fairly brightly; volts across (c) the lamp. To avoid duration as possible. Repeat (b) with power switch

4 and 6 amperes, respectively. with a voltmeter should show down
port

running

the battery and the

these tests should (or
lower)

be of as short at ON.

at ON;

switch

(d) All terminal tubes, glands, boxes, fittings, tight, gaskets and packing being used as necessary. one of the electric pass into (e) connection Remove cables, boxes, the covers which etc., both Wash paint above

etc., exposed to salt spray should be kept Unless this is done water may enter into will act as a hose, providing a channel whereby water may and below decks. If moisture and dry. particularly on the of the application assembly, in general is present ascertain intervals. edge contact varnish;

of all boxes at frequent on the knife

and remove (f) Do insulation. varnish (g) Each

means of entry. not use ordinary

out the box with fresh water

If necessary use an approved insulating will not materially improve performance. Salt bridges ship may on may form on ex,posed carry a spare safety hosing with fresh, or even sea water, plug Yards. and or Navy

parts causing

short circuits remove battery.

and misfires. them. Additional

In genbatteries removed to the process,

eral, a thorough may be obtained If ice forms before ways. firing. Extreme

should

one spare

from tenders If loaded, care

the launchers,

including

the contacts,

it must

be completely the de-icing

must be taken to insure

that the rockets during

are not frozen

care must be taken using a hose.

that the fuzes are not armed

particularly

when

TACTICAL
Tactical must be determined issued by Headquarters,

OPERdTlON
of the launcher, Commander Mark 20, including firing range, States the several will be found Fleet. corrections which and included in the proper in Chief, in a publication United

employment

52

CONFIDENTIAL

PERFORMANCE
Chapter 4

0.P.1002

PERFORMANCE OF DATA 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK20

As has been previously with an almost The from value about constant of the

mentioned, pressure depends

the propellant

grain burns of a second. varying 1,500 per square The time of varying from

for several tenths inch

pressure

on temperature,

800 pounds

per square

at 10" F., and

pounds

per square inch,

inch at 70” F., to 2,300 pounds tube is tested is provided. safety factor

inch at 120” F. per square burning depends

Since the motor ample inversely

to 5,000 pounds

on the temperature,

0.7 seconds

to 0.2 seconds.

CONFIDENTIAL

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0.P.1002

CONFIDENTIAL

PERFORMANCE
A graph,
temperature. on a number escaping from figure 18, shows the relationship between range

0.P.1002

and propellant depends of the gas pressure. temperis greater in a

The variation of factors. the nozzle

of velocity is lowered

and range because

with temperature velocity burning distance effects

At low temperature,

the effective of the lower acceleration of these decrease

Also, more energy ature, leaving at low and decrease hence temperature,

must be used to heat the powder Further,the The combination resulting range. of about in more curvature 10 percent,

mass to the burning

less for propulsion.

in this part of the trajectory results 20 percent, in going strength praclow

in shorter

in velocity

in range of about loss of powder to increase

from 70” F. to loo F. of the powder tically is sensibly velocities, for vacuum. A range The correction results compensating constant the ranges

At elevated for effects from 70’ will only

temperatures, tending F. to

in mechanical in unburned

in an increased

form,

the range.

Thus the range

120°

F.

Because

of the relatively

be about 3 percent

shorter than those calculated

for complete in range

round is twice

assemblies the

which

differ

in weight rule: in in weight,

from the nominal percentage and in the opposite

round change

weight of page 44, may be made by the following percentage in weight change i. e., an increase

direction,

causes a decrease

range and vice versa.

CONFIDENTIAL

55

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0.P.1002

DEPTH-FEET

-

56

CONFIDENTIAL

PERFORMANCE
Since the point of the charge, beyond depend 120’ imately the launcher. quite markedly one-fifth 2 yards in 300. approximately about 6 yards of application of thrust of the rocket motor is behind

0.P.1002

the center of gravity continues way may at is approxand the is nearly to the a given

there may be some tendency For this reason, on the burning of the burning At normal 12 yards.

to veer off course dispersion

when the acceleration of shots from

the lateral occurs At

time, and hence on the temperature. on the ways and the lateral one-tenth of the burning 10’ F., the fraction in range, angle,

For example,

F., about

dispersion

temperatures, The

is on the ways and hand,

the dispersion dispersion constant,

is approximately

4 yards.

is one-thirteenth

dispersion

on the other

in 300? since at 49” quadrant at the end of burning.

the range is not sensitive

angle of the trajectory In cold causes notable less. weather, deflection

due to slower errors. into the wind.

burning

time

of propellant

grain,

a strong

cross

wind or

For example,

at 25’ F., a 20 mile per hour cross wind produces the corresponding component error is 5 yards to the cross range of wind velocity. position and

a 25 yard deflection

At 70’ F. or higher,

The error into the wind is proportional It is recognized that pitch affects

the range since the ways are in a displaced component in range quantity depending on the direction to make firing should is not sufficient Thus which

the charges However, while. rocket

have an upward the amount

or downward

of the pitch. worthof the be done when

of this variation Another

corrections

Also the roll of the ship results in an error in train. is the forward first speed of the boat. after striking the water, course the

the ship is on an even keel.

has a bearing

on the trajectory

In the path, of travel, velocity

2 or 3 feet is brought fig. 19.)

rocket

continues gravity.

on its former In about 30 feet

but with a large deceleration the rocket (See of 22 to 25 ft./set.

of the order of 50 to 100 times and proceeds takes 100 foot depth

to a vertical In order

downward under

with its terminal including water, 8 seconds it is given make about the rate in 12 at one

To reach

12.5 seconds, on course

flight in air. four revolutions of spin greater depths.

to keep the rocket in 40 feet. probably

a spin by the vanes on the motor. per second is approximately one turn

Near the end of the air trajectory, in 6 feet, decreasing

the rockets to about

and one revolution

Just under

the surface,

Until temperature

further

notice

is given,

this ammunition

must not be used if the propellant

is higher

than

120" F., or lower than 10" F.

At

temperatures

higher with a burning from

than 120’ F., burning of the propellant grain is greatly accelerated At temperatures lower than 10’ F., dangerous increase in pressure. may be incomplete and large unburned may result. pieces of powder may the nozzle. Also misfires

be ejected

CONFIDENTIAl

57

F

------

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0.P.1002

. 4

f

-I.

I I T

I I

. \.

I

- o>

I/

58

CONFIDENTIAL

PERFORMANCE
SPREAD-YARDS
40 20

0.P.1002

I

0 I

20

I

40

ROCKETS APPROXIMATELY 11.8 YARDS APART ON LANDING

300

280

260

240

220

200

180

v) n

160

% >i G f 140 M

120

100

80

60

40

20

0

FIG.

20. PATTERN OF FIRE

CONFlDENTlAL

59

COGNIZANCE
Chapter 5

0.P.1002

COGNIZANCE

The Bureau equipment :
A B

of Ordnance 7”.2 Rocket

will supply Launcher,

and retain 20.

cognizance

over the

following

items

of

Mark

Control panel, Mark 2, Mod. 2, or Mark panel, Mark 7, when furnished. plug and receptacle. from launcher to branch box “E”

3 or

Mark

3, Mod.

2, or control

C Safety
D E

Wiring

type,

Ammunition

and fuzes.

F Fuze wrenches.
G Batteries.

The Bureau ment : A

of Ships will supply Foundations thereto.

and retain

cognizance including used

over the following means for securing

items of equipthe launchers

for the launchers, or other stowage

B All steel sheathing C Watertight D Magazine
E

material lockers

for deck

protection. ammunition.

metallic stowage stowage

for ready-service

for fuze containers. for assembled rockets (unfuzed). (except panel. in order that the at the launchers. with personnel safety plug and receptacle)

Magazine

F All wiring

and electrical

appurtenances to the control proper

for connecting
G

the launchers may maintain

Such communication firing station

or signal facilities

as may be authorized

contact

CONFlDENTlAl

61

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0.P.1002

UPPER WAYS Q,

LOWER

WAYS

JTCHES RETAII HANDL

RETAIN

BAS E

DEFLECTORS

k/

FIG. II.

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 22, LOADED, READY

FOR FIRING

62

CONFIDENTIAL

INTRODUCTION
Chapter 6

0.P.1002

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK22

DEFINITION
The 7”.2 Rocket Launcher, Mark 22, is a rocket-launching device similar to the launcher, sets of steel ways instead This launcher Mark 20, but consisting of two hinged of one set, as is the case with the Mark 20. known as the Projector, Mark 22,

was formerly

and many The

name plates

are so marked. Panel was changed to Firing pamphlet. Panel

designation

Control

subsequent

to the preparation

of this ordnance

USE
The 20. launcher, Mark 22, is used exactly the same as the Mark in a salvo. Each launcher, Mark 22, fires 8 rockets

CONFIDENTIAL

63

/-----------

..-.---.- -__ __

I

--__I__

7’:2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

-----------------

UPPER WAYS

LOWER

WAY:

BASE\

FIG. 21.

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER,

MARK 22, IN STOWED

POSITION

64

C ONflDENTlAl

b

--~-

DESCRIPTION
l
7”.2

0.P.1002

ROCKET LAUNCHER,
The hinged position launcher consists to the base frame by its own crutch. bent way up to make are made for two ways broad

MARK
ways. themselves

22
Each supported consist ride. set of ways in the of sections is of raised

of 2 sets of steel The ways

and is independently rails in which rockets.

steel plate as common is made retractible blast should must

the rockets

inside sections

and wedge-shaped,

The three one piece thus serving of one part in 40

adjacent

A spread

between

to give the required

retainers

is provided out of place.

spacing of shots. A set of for each set of 4 ways to keep the rockets In general, the same protection Mark against 20. Mark It 22 for the Launcher,

from being washed be noted

be provided

as is provided Mark 20.

that the deck plate is not a part of the launcher,

as it is with the Launcher, The launcher permitting, ever weather exposed lashed ammunition down. is designed

to fold down 22. When

and be lashed conditions elevated

to the deck when require it, weather Whenthe and

not in use, as shown

in figure

the launcher conditions should

may be maintained are such that be subject

and loaded. or deterioration, rails

the launchers to damage and the

or the ammunition lowered

on the rails would

be unloaded

and stowed

CONFIDENTIAL

65

LAUNCHER \

IN STOWED

POSITION

PORT

LAUNCHER,

H

FIVE WIRE CONNECTION

BOX

FIVE WIRE

CABLE

2 SAFETY

RECEPTACLE

CONTROL /

PANEL

PILOT

HOUSE

d’

-N _J,
I

I

1’
CONFIDENTIAL

0

FIG. 23.

FOREDECK INSTALLATION LAUNCHER, MARK 22

OF 7”.2 ROCKET

66

DESCRIPTION

0.P.1002

INSTALLATION
For mounting by 108 inches portion plates upper the launchers, are required requires two clear spaces foredeck. about 42 inches or less on the it. A 16-inch of the forward end of the lower launcher Mark ways may be cut

off only if installation on Page 15.

The same type of blast deflector 22, as have been described of the deck between behind the the upper set

are used for the Launcher, In addition, against

the portion blasts. on wood

and lower set of ways and immediately

of ways is sheathed The launchers

are mounted forward.

or metal

foundations

so

that they are level athwartships aft with the high point in the folded centerline edge of the is position, base of of the ship.

and have a 3’-5”

slope fore and are placed, about the

The two launchers symmetrically point 5>/, to distance gives forward deviates to the

on the foredeck The extreme each launcher than

of the inboard 6% inches This between approxi-

further ,from deviation launchers. mately

the centerline inversely This placement

the aft end of the base. an

proportional

of the launchers

equal spacing boxes for

to all eight rockets. are provided ready racks below on the foredeck, Each box convenient holds stowage. the Additional

Ready-service to the rounds launchers, in easily

ammunition. decks

accessible

and is watertight. in magazine

ammunition

may be stowed

CONFIDENTIAL

67

)r

-.-

-_-

--

-

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS
MOTOR

0.P.1002
TROUGH OF WAY

INSULATION

UPPER ELECTRICAL CONTACT

\

LOWER ELECTRICAL CONTACT

FIG. 24. ELECTRICAL CONTACTS FOR
MARK 22

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER,

68

CONFIDENTIAL

DESCRIPTION

0.P.1002

ELECTRICAL CONTROLS
Firing is electrical contact and is controlled from the bridge. shrouds The of the rocket lower contact Electrical by means mounted shroud for firing is made to the motor as in Launcher, Mark 20. of knife edges

in the deflector which

plate grips the inside of the grounded connected to one side of the

rear motor igniter and

is electrically

serves as a stop. bronze contacts spring

The upper insulated bears

contact

is mounted

on a phosphorshroud. Both

and

on the outside stainless

of the forward steel.

are made of hardened

The wiring to the safety plug is the same as described Mark
bility

for the Launcher,

20.
to

The safety see that the

plug is carried plug is not

by the gun captain inserted in the safety

and it is his responsireceptacle until all

personnel

is off the foredeck,

after the launchers

have been loaded.

CONFIDENTIAL

69

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0.P.1002

FIRING BUTTON

THIS NAME PLiTE USED ON FIRING PANEL MARK 3, MOD. 1 AND MARK 3, MOD. 3

CONTROL AND MARK

PANEL 3,

MARK MOD. 2

3

FIG. 25. CONTROL PANEL FOR
MARK 22

7”.2 ROCKET

LAUNCHER,

CONFIDENTIAL

DESCRIPTION

0.P.1002

FIRING PANELS
The one two Control and dry Panels, Mark two Mark 22. dry The 3, Mod. The Control batteries. Control Panels, Panels, 1, or Mark Panel, (The Mark Panel, 3, Mod. 45-volt 3, are used 1 utilizes is now 3 utilizes 3, Mod. with the Launcher, 45-volt 7%-volt known 3, Mod. Panels, board.” plate Mark Mark 3, Mod. 3, Mod. 6-volt battery

to be unsuitable). batteries. that 3 are identical except Mark reads

Control

3, Mod.

1 and Mark

to the Control 3, Mod.

Mark 3 and Mark is changed. reads 1 and Mark

2, respectively,

the name-plate Mark 3, Mod. (See “UPPER” upper the ways

In the Control “Port-Power-Star3, Mod. 3, the

3 and Mark

2, the plate

In the Control

Panels,

“Upper-Power-Lower.” the switch the marked

fig. 25.) is operated of both marked and port the projectors and starboard is operated above is

When are and fired, launchers repeated

odd-numbered are fired,

fire together.

When the switch same

“LOWER” as described

the launchers

sequence

for the lower ways, both port and starboard. description of the rocket and fuzes is given in chapter 2 of this

A detailed pamphlet. mentioned

Views

of the rocket

are shown

in the illustrations

in this chapter.

CONFIDENTIAL

71

________------.--

.-.-

--

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

0. P. 1002

BRANCH

BOX “E”

CH BOX “E” TYPE

BRpANCH BOX “E” TYPE

10 WIRE CONNECTION

130Xdx-’
ABCDE

SAFETY

PLUG\

SAFETY RECEPTACLE I CONTROL PANEL MARK 3, MOD. 1 BATTERY BOX -

A$CbE’

, RFADY LIGHT

A 0

CONTROL PANEL MARK 3, MOD 3

FIG.

26.

WIRING DIAGRAM MARK 22

FOR
3,

7”.2

ROCKET
3,

LAUNCHER,
MOD.
3)

(USING CONTROL PANEL, MARK

MOD. 1 OR MARK

WIRING
Control Panel, Mark

DIAGRAMS
3, Mod. 3.

Wiring diagrams for the launcher, Mark 22, are shown in figures 26 A and B. Figure 26A shows the wiring of Control Panel, Mark 3, Mod. 1 and figure 26B shows the wiring of

72

CONFIDENTIAL

DESCRIPTION
LOWER
LAUNCHERS

0.P.1002

XlBLt

CONDUI T o

BRANCH BOX “E” TYPE i

-----Y
UPPER

BRANCH BOX “E” TYPE

BRANCH BOX “E” TYP ,---, j h

BRANCH BOX “E” TYPE WIRE CONNECTION BOX

1

SAFETY

RECEPTACLE PLUG

1

BATTERY

BCX

SAFETY

FIG. 27,

CIRCUIT SCHEMATIC MARK 22

FOR

7".2
3,

ROCKET
MOD.
3)

LAUNCHER,

(USING CONTROL PANEL, MARK

CIRCUIT SCHEMATIC
A Circuit is shown Schematic for the Launcher, Mark 22, using Control Panel, Mark 3, Mod. 3, in figure 27.

@ONFIDENTIAL

73

OPERATION
Chapter 7

0.P.1002

OPERATION MAINTENANCE AND 7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK22

LOADING
Exact loading

AND

FIRING
will be covered in publications from other sources.

and firing procedure

To prepare up in place, swing
captain

a launcher

for firing, two loaders provided. it with

lift the upper set of ways and swing its crutch They the latches then raise the lower provided.
Before

locking

it with the latches and lock

set of ways
loading, the

and
gun

its crutch

up in place

of the launcher

crew must have the safety

plug in his possession.

Two loaders

are stationed

at the ready loaders,

boxes.

They

remove

the rockets

from the ready boxes and pass them to two other The two loaders, last mentioned load the rockets the fins of

who are stationed

at the launchers. In loading

in the ways of the launchers. the tail ring and the other hand way about be taken 6 inches above that the motor After

the rockets,

one hand is placed The rocket

between

grasps the nose of the rocket. position and pushed down

is then laid in the Care must with the

its normal shrouds

into the contacts. do not interfere

seat properly of the motor

and that the vanes

rear contact. the safety be dropped

the shroud be removed

has been placed

in contact

with the knife edges, The rocket to short should not and

clip should

if this has not been done previously. blow may cause the two shrouds

on the motor

as a hard

together

make a misfire possible.

CONFIDENTIAL

75

OPERATION e
MAINTENANCE
The maintenance to the Launcher, Mark instructions 22. of page 52 of this pamphlet apply also

ROCKET PERFORMANCE
The rocket given rocket the for the Launcher, Launcher, 53 through Mark Mark 20. 22, is exactly the the same performance as the data for Therefore,

on pages

58 will apply.

CONFlDENTlAl

77

r-

------

-

-

COGNIZANCE
Chapter 8

0.P.1002

COGNIZANCE

The equipment

Bureau :
A B

of Ordnance 7”.2 Rocket Control Safety Wiring

will supply Launcher, Mark

and retain Mark 22.

cognizance

over

the following

items

of

Panel,

3, Mod.

1 or Mark

3, Mod.

3, or Control

Panel,

Mark

7, when supplied.
C D E F G

plug and receptacle. from launcher to branch box “E” type.

Ammunition

and fuzes.

Fuze wrenches. Batteries. of Ships will supply Foundations thereto. and retain cognizance including over the following means for securing items of equip-

The Bureau ment :
A

for the launchers, including stowage

the launchers

B

All steel sheathing, blast. Watertight, Magazine Magazine All wiring metallic stowage stowage

the steel deck plates lockers

in the area of the direct ammunition.

C D E F

for ready-service

for fuze containers. for assembled the launchers or signal may rockets (unfuzed). (except safety plug and receptacle) in order that panel. contact with personnel at the

and electrical

appurtenances facilities

for connecting
G

to the control proper

Such communication the firing station launchers.

as may be authorized

maintain

CONFIDENTIAL

79

____________._--T-

--

_---__

-

..---

-

2”.5 ROCKET LAUNCHER
al’5 ROCKET LAUNCHER \

0.P.1002

FIG. 28.

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHER, MARK 20, EQUIPPED WITH 2”.5 ROCKET LAUNCHER AND LOADED WITH 2”.5

ROCKETS

80

CONFIDENTIAL

INTRODUCTION
Chapter 9

0.P.1002

2”.5 ROCKET LAUNCHER 2”.5 ROCKETS AND FOR LAUNCHERS, MARKS 20 AND 22

DEFINITION
2”.5 Rocket Launchers, Mark 4 are used Mark as subcaliber purposes. attachments on 7”.2 Rocket the use of subcaliber Launchers, ammunition 20 and Mark 22 to permit for practice

USE
2”.5 Rocket against target Launchers submarines by the crews and 2”.5 Rockets contact thus are used for training crews in the use of launchers. can be heard registered. 2 “.5 Rockets inside, are used in practice with the submarine each hit to be and upon

enabling

CONFlDENTlAL

81

2”.5 ROCKET LAUNCHER

+------

BODY

ROCKE IDY MK.

’ IGNITER -------

SAFETY SHORTCIRCUITING WIRE (TO BE REMOVED ONLY WHEN ROCKET IS READY FOR USE)?

CONTACT POWDER GRAIN @

PLUG d

1:25 ROCKET MOTOR MK. I

INSULATED

WIRES o,/./--GRID NOZZLE RING,

/
2'15 ROCKET

BODY MK. I MOD. 2 --o SHROUD

DESICCANT

BAG 9

SECTION

THROUGH

ROCKET WIRE

VIEW FIRING

OF ASSEMBLED PIN ASSEMBLY

ROCKET REMOVED

READY FOR USE EXCEPT FOR REMOVAL OF SHORT-CIRCUITING

FINS END VIEW

FIG. 29.

2”.5 ROCKET (SUBCALIBER)

82

CONFIDENTIAL

----

--__

-

AMMUNITION
THE 2”.5
GENERAL:
The 2”.5 Rocket is approximately 17 inches Performance data is given on pages 54 and 58. long and 2’.5 in diameter

0.P.1002

ROCKET
at its widest point.

INSTALLATION:
The 2’.5 Rocket Launchers are installed between the adjacent rails of the 7’.2 Rocket launcher in such a way that the guide near the lower end of the 2’.5 Launcher fits between the ways of the 7”.2 Launcher ward of the upper From with the ground the upper cross 2’.5 Launcher this position and the hook on the upper of the 7’. 2 Launcher. Launcher is slid down until the lower end is in firm contact under side of the 2’.5 Launcher lies forcross member the 2’.5

contact on the 7’.2 Launcher and the hook of the 2”.5 Launcher has engaged member of the 7’.2 Launcher way assembly. The electrical contact of the should then be bearing on the insulated electrical contact point on the 7’.2

Launcher. Care should be taken to insure that no part of the 2”.5 Launcher other than the electrical contact is bearing on the insulated electrical contact point of the 7’.2 Launcher.

BODY:
The after engage vided 2’.5 Rocket Body, Mark 1 is approximately in shape 6”.6 long and 2”.5 in diameter. internally The to section of the body a shotgun is ogival and terminates in a base threaded the thread to contain of the motor The cavity in the nose of the body was originally proshell which was fired when the rocket came in contact with the has proven the use of shotgun issues of 2’.5 shells for such a purpose will contain no explo2”.5 It future rockts tube.

hull of a submarine. to be unsatisfactory sive charge Rocket Body, has no cavity

As experience

and unsafe for handling,

in the body.

Shotgun shells will not be used. A later development is the Mark 1, Mod. 2, which is approximately 6’.27 long and 2’.5 in diameter. provided for any shotgun shell.

MOTOR:
The 4 radial externally motor, fabricated of steel, consists of a tube having an external The forward diameter of 1’.25, is to the fins and a cylindrical threaded for engaging shroud surrounding the fins. end of the tube 5” relative of improvthe base of the body, The fins are inclined

tube axis in order to impart a certain amount ing the travel of the rocket in water.

of “spin”

to the rocket

with the object

PROPELLANT
The propellant ponents powder is shown with

COMPONENTS:
components in figure ribs 28. are confined in the motor. A typical assembly of the comThe main component is a single grain of extruded ballistite and a perforation through the center. At the forward end of

extruded

this powder grain is located an igniter which consists of an electrical squib leading to a charge of black powder. Two insulated electrical wires are run from an electrical plug through the powder grains to the igniter. When the electrical circuit is closed, the igniter burns, igniting the propellant through grain which burns uniformly on all surfaces. The gases evolved propel are forced out the nozzle at high velocity and by their reaction on the motor, the unit forward.

CONFIDENTIAL

83

f

2’3 ROCKET LAUNCHER

0.P.1002

LOADING

AND

FIRING

Before possession

loading,

the gun captain plug.

of

the launcher

crew must be in

of the safety

After

the 2”.5 Rocket the 2”.5 Rockets

Launchers are placed conthen

are in place

on the 7”.2 Launcher,

in the launchers. nects together be removed

The short circuiting

wire or clip which plug should

the two prongs and the contact

of the contact plug inserted

in the receptacle. which are are

As soon as this is done, the crew takes firing stations chosen guarded launchers.
Safety

in such

a way

that

all entrances out

to the foredeck of line of blast station

and the guards The

protected

of the at the of the

gun captain

of the crew takes

Receptacle

and inserts the safety plug on command From here on the firing procedure
As

conning

officer.

is exactly
is gone,

the same as for live ammunition.
the safety plug must be removed

soon as the salvo

and the power switch

opened.

The launchers

can then be reloaded.

84

CONFIDENTIAL

OPERATION

0.P.1002

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
It should ballistite above 120” be emphasized in the Also, F. the that motor blast
when

although can blow the from
Rockets, using 7”.2

the rocket motor

body

is inert,

the

powder

up at elevated

temperatures intense.
should

is extremely
precautions

Consequently, be observed

when using the 2”.5 as are observed

the same safety Rockets.

Pages

47 through

to

51 apply

to 2”.5 Rockets

as well as to 7”.2 Rockets.

COGNIZANCE
The tioned Bureau items of Ordnance of equipment will supply, (in addition and retain cognizance over the menfollowing to the items previously on page 61): (a) (b) 2”.5 Rocket Launchers (Subcaliber Ways).

2”.5 Rockets.

CONFIDENTIAL

85

v I/

--_

--

7”.2 ROCKET LAUNCHERS

DISTRIBUTION
Requests for OP 1002 1st. Revision, Distribution Center: Commandant U. S. Naval Washington (Attn: should be addressed to the nearest BuOrd Publications

and Superintendent, Gun Factory, 25, D. C. Navy Yard,

OrdPubSubcen).

Commandant, Navy Yard, Mare Island, Calif., (Attn: OrdPubSubcen). Commander Service Force, SEVENTH Ordnance Publications Subcenter, c/o Fleet Post San Francisco, Office, Calif. FLEET,

Officer in Charge, Ordnance Publications Naval Supply Depot, T. H. Pearl Harbor, DISTRIBUTION:

Subcenter,

Standard Navy Distribution List No. 18. 2 copies each unless otherwise noted. 1. a-e, g, h, k, 1, r-t, x, z, aa-ff, ii-11, nn, ss, tt, zz; 2. e-h, m, o, p, r-t, v, x; 3. c*, e*, k*, 1* , r*, y*, cc*, nn*, vv*, xx*, yy *; B3. (5 copies), LIONS, CUBS; E3.; 4. e*, g*, k*, p*, r*-w*, gg*, mm*, oo*, pp*,

f-j,

o, p, s, u (except

Naval

qq*; 5. b (Alusna, London only); 6. (25 copies), a-p; 7. Clothing Depot), x, ee; 7. (5 copies), 1; 7. (25 copies), b, c;

8.h (NOL and No. B each only), i, j, 1, n (SPECIAL LIST G, K, L, Q, S, AA), hh; 8. (50 copies), b, n (10); 10.i (except Chicago), j, t; 10. (15 copies), i, (Chicago); 10. (25 copies), nn; 1l.a
*Applicable

(BuShips,
ships

CNO,

SecNav);

12.; 14.a;

14. (50 copies),

s.

86

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