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Subjects, Predicates

& Sentences
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Who? Whats happening?

Tell me what is happening.


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Who? The little girl Whats happening? is running This is a complete sentence. to her kitten

The little girl is running to her kitten.


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Read the sentence again? The little girl is running to her kitten!

sub the

ho ct W je

&

he p t

t s Wha ing pen ate hap redic


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So what do you think a complete sentence must have ?

A subject

A predicate A sentence must also make 55 sense.

The little girl is running to her kitten

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The main elements of a sentence are...

subject ,

predicate

meaning
(make sense)
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&

The Subject
tells who or what the sentence is about. Super student works extra hard. Who works extra hard? The subject
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Types of subjects

subject

Simple subject
Think of this, its cool

Complete subject

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The Simple Subject


q

is the main word that tells WHO or WHAT the sentence is about. it is the main word in the complete subject. is usually a noun or pronoun.
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The Simple Subject

in her dotted orange The girl top, her blue shoes and dark eyes is running after the kitten.
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The Complete Subject

The little girl in her dotted orange top, her blue shoes is running after the The complete kitten. includes all of subject and dark eyes
That in the subject of the the wordsmeans all the words that sentence. describe or explain the subject of the sentence.

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The subject doesnt always come first Holding the cats tail was a boy. Whom or what is the sentence about?
The subject is
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Lets Practice
Find the subject in each sentence Click on the part of sentence that is the subject. The cake mix looks too thin!

1.

2.

Your big fat dog barked all night, I couldnt sleep. Hasan; the boy with the hat, practices math on Mondays. The classes after school are the science and math clubs. In a nice line the penguins jumped in the water.
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3.

4.

5.

Try again
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Back to Sentence s

Try another?
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The Predicate

The predicate tells what the subject does. The predicate tells what the subject has. The predicate also tells what the subject is or is like.

The predicate tells about the subject.

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Super student

works extra hard


does

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Super student

has a big desk.


has
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Super student Super student

is
is

very bright. pretty & cute.

is

is like
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Types of predicate

predicat e Complet e predicat e 21


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Simple predicat e
Think of this, its cool

The Complete Predicate


The little girl in her dotted orange top, her blue shoes and
is running after the kitten.

dark eyes The complete predicate includes all of the words that are not the subject of the sentence.
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The Complete Predicate


Tinkerbelle; whom we see in
helped Peter cartoons, Pan defeat Captain Hook.

Cinderella; the poor girl,


cooked for her stepmother.

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The Simple Predicate


q

is the main word in the complete predicate. It is always a

verb.

The little girl in her dotted orange top, her blue shoes and dark eyes after the kitten.
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is running

Find the Simple Predicate


The boy; who knew the correctraised , answer his hand high. Horses in merry-go-rounds colorful.

raised

are

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The predicate can sometimes come before the subject. us was a funny Singing to
looking turtle.

The predicate is singing

What was the funny looking turtle doing? Singing!

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Lets Practice
Find the predicate in each sentence Click on the part of sentence that is a predicate.
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All kinds of colorful plants provide homes for many creatures. Usually, her exams are very difficult. In an annoying way, my sister acted like a clown. Rainforest trees stand high in the sky. Bread; that is freshly backed, smells quite yummy.
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2. 3.

4. 5.

Try again
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Back to Sentence s

Try another?
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Sentence s Sentenc e fragmen t Run-on sentenc es


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*The little girl in her orange top *Is running *to her kitten

*Super student *Works *Extra hard

These are not sentences! They are called sentence Look at these sentences fragments
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The little girl in her orange dotted top


eh ? Whats happening with the little girl in her orange dotted top?

What is missing? The who, or the what?

The subject?

O R

The predicate?
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is running
What? Who is running? Whats missing? Right! The little girl! And what is the little girl?

The Subject
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to her kitten.
What is missing? the who ? the whats happening? or both?

OK! BOTH!
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Well ?...
What do you think a sentence fragment is?

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A sentence fragment
does not express a complete thought. may be missing a subject. may be missing a predicate. may be missing both.

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To make a sentence make sense

&

We need all parts of the sentence together! The full subject The full predicate
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Simple & Compound Sentences

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uper student is sitting at her desk.

Super student is studying hard.

uper student has an exam tomorrow.

Super student cant stay up late.

How many sentences are these?

4
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Super student is sitting at her desk and studying hard; she has an exam tomorrow, but she cant stay up late.

Now how many sentences Check again are there?

1
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Use a comma a semicolon or a conjunction HOW??? to make your sentences one sentence!

Do you know that you two or put can more


compound sentence

simple sentences

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Is it important? Do I What is a use have to these punctuation Run-On Sentence? marks or conjunctions?

Well, if you dont then youll have a run-on sentence.

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Run-On Sentences
A run-on sentence is two or more

Is it a Oh,no wrong sentenc ! e?

incorrectly
written as one sentence.
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sentences

I can help you practice so you dont make any mistakes!


Practice
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Lets Practice
Decide if the word-groups make up a fragment, a run-on, or a correct sentence

1. As they went running into the park, the children Fragment Run-on Correct 2. Many students studied very hard for the test but there were still many tricky questions that only a few students can answer. Fragment Run-on Correct
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3. The big dog chased me I ran home then hid in my bedroom all night scared. Fragment Run-on Correct 4. Read your book, and answer the questions carefully. Fragment Run-on Correct 5. The football player looked down the field, aimed at his receiver, and threw the ball Fragment Run-on Correct

Lets Practice

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you did a good job here, hope you become a sentence wizard in Ms. Nadas class.

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