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Ma. Angelica R. de Guzman Labor Standards MCQ: 1. Hours worked refers to all compensable period of work.

Hours work includes: D A. All the time during which an employee is required to be on duty or to be at a prescribed workplace. B. All the time during which an employee is suffered or permitted to work. C. All the time during which an employee is on duty or at the prescribed workplace; and all the time during which an employee is suffered or permitted to work. D. All the time during which an employee is required to be on duty or to be at a prescribed workplace; and all the time during which an employee is suffered or permitted to work. 2. Shortened meal period may be allowed under the following cases: C A. Where the work is manual work in nature or does not involve strenuous physical exertion; B. Where the establishment regularly operates not less than 12 hours a day; C. In case of actual or impending emergencies or there is urgent work to be performed on machineries, equipment or installations to avoid serious loss; and D. Where the work is necessary to prevent serious loss of perishable goods. 3. Assuming that the mininum wage rate is P250, how much is the overtime rate per hour on a rest day which falls on a regular holiday? B A. B. C. D. 81.35 81.25 81.50 81.75

4. As a general rule, employees may not be compelled to work in excess of eight hours or to render overtime work on any given day against his will. Except: D A. When there is urgent work to be performed on machines, etc., in order to avoid serious loss or damage to the employer; B. When overtime work is necessary to avail of favorable weather or environmental conditions C. A only D. Both A and B

5. Who is not entitled to Service Incentive Leave Pay? D A. B. C. D. Field Personnel Managerial Employee Domestic helper All of the above

6. There is labor-only contracting when: D A. The person supplying workers to an employer does not have substantial capital but has sufficient tools, equipment and machineries. B. The person supplying workers to an employer have substantial capital but do not have tools, equipment, and machineries. C. The person supplying work has substantial capital but does not have work premises. D. The workers recruited and placed by such person are performing activities which are directly related to the principal business of such employer. 7. PAL vs. Estellar 8. Attorneys fees 9. Bankrupcy 10. Wage distortion means: A A. A situation where an increase in prescribed wage rates results in the elimination or
severe contraction of intentional quantitative differences in wage or salary rates between and among employee groups in an establishment as to effectively obliterate the distinctions embodied in such wage structure based on skills, length of service, or other logical bases of differentiation. B. A situation where an increase in prescribed wage rates results in the elimination or severe contraction of intentional quantitative differences in wage or salary rates within employee groups in an establishment without any basis. C. A situation where an increase in prescribed wage rates results in the elimination or severe contraction of intentional quantitative differences in regular benefits between and among employee groups in an establishment as to effectively obliterate the distinctions embodied in such wage structure based on skills, length of service, or other logical bases of differentiation. D. A situation where an increase in prescribed wage rates results in the elimination or severe contraction of intentional quantitative differences in wage or salary rates among rank and file employees in an establishment as to effectively obliterate the distinctions embodied in such wage structure based on skills, length of service, or other logical bases of differentiation.