HASSAN FATHY

MUD ARCHITECTURE

demonstrating that it is possible to build for the poor and teaching people to build for themselves. Fathy worked closely with the people to tailor his designs to their needs. such as enclosed courtyards and domed and vaulted roofing. born in Alexandria in 1900. Fathy's experience in planning and building the village of New Gourma. supervised the erection of buildings and encouraged the revival of ancient decorative techniques. became one of the outstanding architects of his generation in Africa. Hassan Fathy. using mud bricks and employing traditional Egyptian architectural features.Dr. . He taught them how to work with the mud bricks.

As he said in Architecture for the Poor. they will differ in their dreams. this is why in villages built by their inhabitants we will find no two houses identical. . Even if they are twins and physically identical. "In Nature. The architecture of the house emerges from the dream. no two men are alike. Hassan Fathy was strongly against Western techniques and materials like reinforced concrete and steel which he found inappropriate for Egypt's climate and the craftsmen's limited skills.

New Gourna Project .

. He carried out detailed studies of temperature and wind patterns.His designs depended on natural ventilation.conservation techniques. orientation and local materials. traditional construction methods and energy.

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The mosque at New Gourna by Hassan Fathy .

Roof and dome of the mosque at New Gourna. seen from the minaret .

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Andrioli House .Fayyuum .1984 .

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a small town along the Nile in Northern Egypt.school at Talkha. . .

market .

Before and after implementation of emergency measures .

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