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8/5/2009

AUTOMATION SYSTEM
WRTSIL 34SG V-engine WECS 8000

Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine modes


General
The main control function in WECS controls and activates the engine modes. The engine mode will be changed according to a request only, if the request has a higher priority than the active engine mode.

Fig. name: Engine modes


23 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001L_01en / Turku Training Centre

8/5/2009

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


General
WECS 8000 performs a number of continuous control processes on the engine, when the engine is in run mode. Below, a brief description of each of these processes.

Processes can be divided into categories Gas feed system Main gas injection Air/fuel ratio Ignition control Engine speed- and load control Exhaust gas temperature control

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Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


Gas feed system
The gas supplied to the engine passes at first an external gas regulating unit (GRU). The unit consist of: Filter Pressure regulating valves Safety (shut-off) valves Ventilation valves

Fig. name: Gas feed system


25 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001L_01en / Turku Training Centre

8/5/2009

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


Main gas injection
The amount of main gas admitted to each cylinder is controlled by the main gas solenoid valves which are connected to the CCM. The duration is controlled by the load/speed PID-controller so that speed and/or load always match their references.

Fig. name: Main gas injection


26 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


Air/Fuel ratio control
The air pressure in the receiver is controlled by a waste gate valve. For this pressure control a continuous receiver air pressure, alternatively an average exhaust gas temperature measurement is carried out and calculated.

Fig. name: Air/Fuel ratio control


27 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001L_01en / Turku Training Centre

8/5/2009

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


Ignition control
The engine ignition system consists of two ignition coil drivers (WCD-10), one for each bank. The WCD-10s controls cylinderwise ignition firing each cylinder. The ignition timing and dwell time duration changes with engine load.

Fig. name: Ignition control


28 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


High voltage circuit
The ignition is of inductive discharge type and the driver circuitry offers ramp-and-fire operation. This minimizes power losses in the ignition driver.

Fig. name: High voltage circuit


29 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001L_01en / Turku Training Centre

8/5/2009

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


Exhaust gas temperature control
The main control module compares each cylinders exhaust gas temperature with the average exhaust gas temperature of the entire engine and adjusts the duration of the individual gas valves with an offset in order to minimise the deviation. Exhaust gas temperature control is used on low loads. System components 01 Main gas admission valve 02 Knock sensor 03 Exhaust gas temperature sensor 04 Cylinder liner temperature sensor

Fig. name: Exhaust gas temperature control


30 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

AUTOMATION SYSTEM Engine control processes during operation


Knock margin control
The main control module compares each cylinders knock margin values and adjusts the duration of the individual gas valves with an offset in order to keep the correct margin. Knock margin control is used on high loads.

System components 01 Main gas admission valve 02 Knock sensor 03 Exhaust gas temperature sensor 04 Cylinder liner temperature sensor

Fig. name: Exhaust gas temperature control


31 Wrtsil 5 August 2009 W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001S_01en / Turku Training Centre

W34SG-V00R07CB0809A001L_01en / Turku Training Centre